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Microwave RF Applicators and Probes

Microwave RF Applicators and Probes Author Mehrdad Mehdizadeh
ISBN-10 9780323328425
Release 2015-09-16
Pages 440
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Microwave/RF Applicators and Probes for Material Heating, Sensing, and Plasma Generation, Second Edition, encompasses the area of high-frequency applicators and probes for material interactions as an integrated science. Based on practical experience rather than entirely on theoretical concepts, and emphasizing phenomenological explanations and well-annotated figures, the book represents one of the most important resources on the topics of microwave technologies, applications of RF and microwaves in industry (industrial heating and drying), and microwave engineering. After covering the basics of field-material interactions, the book reviews and categorizes probes and applicators, demonstrates their real-world applications, and offers numerically solved examples. Readers will find valuable design rules and principles of high-frequency applicators and probes for material processing and sensing applications in this expanded edition. Presents new information on how the interactions of electromagnetic fields with materials at high frequencies have given rise to a vast array of practical applications in industry, science, medicine, and consumer markets Thoroughly revised and expanded edition, providing an update on the most recent trends and findings Contains many new sections within existing chapters, along with new chapters on applicators for plasmas at microwave/RF frequencies



Signal Processing for Radiation Detectors

Signal Processing for Radiation Detectors Author Mohammad Nakhostin
ISBN-10 9781119410164
Release 2017-10-05
Pages 528
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Presents the fundamental concepts of signal processing for all application areas of ionizing radiation This book provides a clear understanding of the principles of signal processing of radiation detectors. It puts great emphasis on the characteristics of pulses from various types of detectors and offers a full overview on the basic concepts required to understand detector signal processing systems and pulse processing techniques. Signal Processing for Radiation Detectors covers all of the important aspects of signal processing, including energy spectroscopy, timing measurements, position-sensing, pulse-shape discrimination, and radiation intensity measurement. The book encompasses a wide range of applications so that readers from different disciplines can benefit from all of the information. In addition, this resource: Describes both analog and digital techniques of signal processing Presents a complete compilation of digital pulse processing algorithms Extrapolates content from more than 700 references covering classic papers as well as those of today Demonstrates concepts with more than 340 original illustrations Signal Processing for Radiation Detectors provides researchers, engineers, and graduate students working in disciplines such as nuclear physics and engineering, environmental and biomedical engineering, and medical physics and radiological science, the knowledge to design their own systems, optimize available systems or to set up new experiments.



Microwave Processing of Materials

Microwave Processing of Materials Author Committee on Microwave Processing of Materials: An Emerging Industrial Technology
ISBN-10 9780309586306
Release 1994-01-15
Pages 147
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Microwaves can be effectively used in the processing of industrial materials under a wide range of conditions. However, microwave processing is complex and multidisciplinary in nature, and a high degree of technical knowledge is needed to determine how, when, and where the technology can be most profitably utilized. This book assesses the potential of microwave technology for industrial applications, reviews the latest equipment and processing methods, and identifies both the gaps in understanding of microwave processing technology and the promising development opportunities that take advantage of this new technology's unique performance characteristics.



Microwave assisted Extraction for Bioactive Compounds

Microwave assisted Extraction for Bioactive Compounds Author Farid Chemat
ISBN-10 9781461448303
Release 2012-12-12
Pages 240
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With increasing energy prices and the drive to reduce CO2 emissions, food industries are challenged to find new technologies in order to reduce energy consumption, to meet legal requirements on emissions, product/process safety and control, and for cost reduction and increased quality as well as functionality. Extraction is one of the promising innovation themes that could contribute to sustainable growth in the chemical and food industries. For example, existing extraction technologies have considerable technological and scientific bottlenecks to overcome, such as often requiring up to 50% of investments in a new plant and more than 70% of total process energy used in food, fine chemicals and pharmaceutical industries. These shortcomings have led to the consideration of the use of new "green" techniques in extraction, which typically use less solvent and energy, such as microwave extraction. Extraction under extreme or non-classical conditions is currently a dynamically developing area in applied research and industry. Using microwaves, extraction and distillation can now be completed in minutes instead of hours with high reproducibility, reducing the consumption of solvent, simplifying manipulation and work-up, giving higher purity of the final product, eliminating post-treatment of waste water and consuming only a fraction of the energy normally needed for a conventional extraction method. Several classes of compounds such as essential oils, aromas, anti-oxidants, pigments, colours, fats and oils, carbohydrates, and other bioactive compounds have been extracted efficiently from a variety of matrices (mainly animal tissues, food, and plant materials). The advantages of using microwave energy, which is a non-contact heat source, includes more effective heating, faster energy transfer, reduced thermal gradients, selective heating, reduced equipment size, faster response to process heating control, faster start-up, increased production, and elimination of process steps. This book will present a complete picture of the current knowledge on microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) of bioactive compounds from food and natural products. It will provide the necessary theoretical background and details about extraction by microwaves, including information on the technique, the mechanism, protocols, industrial applications, safety precautions, and environmental impacts.



Microwave Discharges

Microwave Discharges Author Carlos M. Ferreira
ISBN-10 9781489911308
Release 2013-11-21
Pages 564
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Proceedings of a NATO ARW held in Vimeiro, Portugal, May 11-15, 1992



Handbook of Microwave Technology for Food Application

Handbook of Microwave Technology for Food Application Author Ashim K. Datta
ISBN-10 0824704908
Release 2001-04-27
Pages 536
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"Integrates principles of electromagnetics, dielectrics, heat and moisture transfer, packaging, solid mechanics, fluid flow, food chemistry, and microbiology to provide a comprehensive overview of microwave processing in a single accessible source."



Microwave Assisted Concrete Technology

Microwave Assisted Concrete Technology Author K.C. Gary Ong
ISBN-10 9781466583931
Release 2014-12-15
Pages 264
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Microwave Technology: A Powerful Technique The first book to combine microwave-assisted heating technology and concrete technology (covering production, demolition, and recycling), Microwave-Assisted Concrete Technology: Production, Demolition and Recycling explains the underlying concepts and fundamentals involved in the microwave-assisted heating of concrete. While most books on microwave heating focus on the behavior of microwaves, this text centers on the response of materials subjected to microwaves, and specifically concentrates on materials used in the concrete industry. A ready reference for the design of microwave-based equipment, the book describes how microwave-assisted heating technology may be harnessed in the production, demolition, and recycling of concrete. It covers microwave-assisted applications, the design concepts of microwave heating systems (generators and applicators) used in microwave-assisted concrete-processing methods, and process control techniques used to monitor the condition of concrete during the heating process. Learn How to use the Microwave-Assisted Heating Process for Industry The book is written from the perspective of modern practitioners in the construction industry, and addresses the technological, scientific, and environmental issues involved in replacing conventional approaches with microwave heating. The authors categorize the applications of microwave heating in concrete technology into three areas: microwave-assisted accelerated curing of concrete, microwave-assisted selective demolition and drilling of concrete, and the microwave-assisted recycling of concrete. They discuss sustainability and the environmental impact of incorporating sustainable concrete production, demolition, and recycling using microwave-assisted heating technologies, and environmentally friendly microwave heating applications. This text covers: The basics of concrete-microwave field interactions Microwave-assisted concrete technologies for use in the production, demolition, and recycling of concrete as well as the control mechanisms required to ensure the efficiency of these methods The design of microwave heating applicators Microwave-Assisted Concrete Technology: Production, Demolition and Recycling does not require a familiarity with electromagnetism science and can be easily understood by civil engineers as well as by readers with little or no engineering background.



Production of Biofuels and Chemicals with Microwave

Production of Biofuels and Chemicals with Microwave Author Zhen Fang
ISBN-10 9789401796125
Release 2014-11-26
Pages 271
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Conversion of biomass into chemicals and biofuels is an active research and development area as trends move to replace traditional fossil fuels with renewable resources. By integrating processing methods with microwave and ultrasound irradiation into biorefineries, the time-scale of many operations can be greatly reduced while the efficiency of the reactions can be remarkably increased so that process intensification can be achieved. “Production of Biofuels and Chemicals with Microwave” and “Production of Biofuels and Chemicals with Ultrasound” are two independent volumes in the Biofuels and Biorefineries series that take different, but complementary approaches for the pretreatment and chemical transformation of biomass into chemicals and biofuels. The volume “Microwave” provides current research advances and prospects in theoretical and practical aspects of microwave irradiation including properties, effects and temperature monitoring, design of chemical reactors, synergistic effects on combining microwave, ultrasound, hydrodynamic cavitation and high-shear mixing into processes, chemical and catalytic conversion of lignin into chemicals, pyrolysis and gasification, syngas production from wastes, platform chemicals, algal biodiesel, cellulose-based nanocomposites, lignocellulosic biomass pretreatment, green chemistry metrics and energy consumption and techno-economic analysis for a catalytic pyrolysis facility that processes pellets into aromatics. Each of the 12 chapters has been peer-reviewed and edited to improve both the quality of the text and the scope and coverage of the topics. Both volumes “Microwave” and “Ultrasound” are references designed for students, researchers, academicians and industrialists in the fields of chemistry and chemical engineering and include introductory chapters to highlight present concepts of the fundamental technologies and their application. Dr. Zhen Fang is Professor in Bioenergy, Leader and founder of biomass group, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden and is also adjunct Professor of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China. Dr. Richard L Smith, Jr. is Professor of Chemical Engineering, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Research Center of Supercritical Fluid Technology, Tohoku University, Japan. Dr. Xinhua Qi is Professor of Environmental Science, Nankai University, China.



Electrical Energy Efficiency

Electrical Energy Efficiency Author Andreas Sumper
ISBN-10 9781119942061
Release 2012-03-15
Pages 550
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The improvement of electrical energy efficiency is fast becoming one of the most essential areas of sustainability development, backed by political initiatives to control and reduce energy demand. Now a major topic in industry and the electrical engineering research community, engineers have started to focus on analysis, diagnosis and possible solutions. Owing to the complexity and cross-disciplinary nature of electrical energy efficiency issues, the optimal solution is often multi-faceted with a critical solutions evaluation component to ensure cost effectiveness. This single-source reference brings a practical focus to the subject of electrical energy efficiency, providing detailed theory and practical applications to enable engineers to find solutions for electroefficiency problems. It presents power supplier as well as electricity user perspectives and promotes routine implementation of good engineering practice. Key features include: a comprehensive overview of the different technologies involved in electroefficiency, outlining monitoring and control concepts and practical design techniques used in industrial applications; description of the current standards of electrical motors, with illustrative case studies showing how to achieve better design; up-to-date information on standarization, technologies, economic realities and energy efficiency indicators (the main types and international results); coverage on the quality and efficiency of distribution systems (the impact on distribution systems and loads, and the calculation of power losses in distribution lines and in power transformers). With invaluable practical advice, this book is suited to practicing electrical engineers, design engineers, installation designers, M&E designers, and economic engineers. It equips maintenance and energy managers, planners, and infrastructure managers with the necessary knowledge to properly evaluate the wealth of electrical energy efficiency solutions for large investments. This reference also provides interesting reading material for energy researchers, policy makers, consultants, postgraduate engineering students and final year undergraduate engineering students.



Adaptive and Intelligent Temperature Control of Microwave Heating Systems with Multiple Sources

Adaptive and Intelligent Temperature Control of Microwave Heating Systems with Multiple Sources Author Sun, Yiming
ISBN-10 9783731504672
Release 2016-04-28
Pages 262
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Adaptive and Intelligent Temperature Control of Microwave Heating Systems with Multiple Sources has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Adaptive and Intelligent Temperature Control of Microwave Heating Systems with Multiple Sources also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Adaptive and Intelligent Temperature Control of Microwave Heating Systems with Multiple Sources book for free.



The Science and Engineering of Thermal Spray Coatings

The Science and Engineering of Thermal Spray Coatings Author Lech Pawlowski
ISBN-10 9780470754078
Release 2008-04-30
Pages 656
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This extensively updated and revised version builds on the success of the first edition featuring new discoveries in powder technology, spraying techniques, new coatings applications and testing techniques for coatings -- Many new spray techniques are considered that did not exist when the first edition was published! The book begins with coverage of materials used, pre-spray treatment, and the techniques used. It then leads into the physics and chemistry of spraying and discusses coatings build-up. Characterization methods and the properties of the applied coatings are presented, and the book concludes with a lengthy chapters on thermal spray applications covers such areas as the aeronautics and space, automobiles, ceramics, chemicals, civil engineering, decorative coatings, electronics, energy generation and transport, iron and steel, medicine, mining and the nuclear industries.



Plastics Processing Data Handbook

Plastics Processing Data Handbook Author D.V. Rosato
ISBN-10 9789401096584
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 392
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This comprehensive book provides guidelines for maximizing plastics proc essing efficiency in the manufacture of all types of products, using all types of plastics. A practical approach is employed to present fundamental, yet comprehensive, coverage of processing concepts. The information and data presented by the many tables and figures interrelate the different variables that affect injection molding, extrusion, blow molding, thermoforming, compression molding, reinforced plastics molding, rotational molding, re action injection molding, coining, casting, and other processes. The text presents a great number of problems pertaining to different phases of processing. Solutions are provided that will meet product per formance requirements at the lowest cost. Many of the processing variables and their behaviors in the different processes are the same, as they all in volve basic conditions of temperature, time, and pressure. The book begins with information applicable to all processes, on topics such as melt soft ening flow and controls; all processes fit into an overall scheme that re quires the interaction and proper control of systems. Individual processes are reviewed to show the effects of changing different variables to meet the goal of zero defects. The content is arranged to provide a natural progres sion from simple to complex situations, which range from control of a sin gle manual machine to simulation of sophisticated computerized processes that interface with many different processing functions.



Microwave and RF Product Applications

Microwave and RF Product Applications Author Mike Golio
ISBN-10 0203503740
Release 2003-06-27
Pages 440
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The field of microwave engineering has undergone a radical transformation in recent years, as commercial wireless endeavors overtook defense and government work. The modern microwave and RF engineer must be knowledgeable about customer expectations, market trends, manufacturing technologies, and factory models to a degree that is unprecedented. Unfortunately, most of the available literature does not reflect this fact, but remains focused on high-performance, low-volume applications. Microwave and RF Product Applications helps resolve that deficiency. Editor Mike Golio culled its chapters from his bestselling RF and Microwave Handbook, incorporated critical updates contributed by the original authors, and organized the chapters into a practical, tightly focused reference. A complete table of contents at the front of the text makes finding specific answers quick and easy, and detailed lists of references in each chapter provide convenient access to the relevant expert literature. For engineers in industry, government, or academia, Microwave and RF Product Applications provides insight and information that may be outside their area of expertise. For managers, marketers, and technical support personnel, it builds a better understanding of the fields that drive and are affected by their decisions.



Handbook of Pineapple Technology

Handbook of Pineapple Technology Author Maria Gloria Lobo
ISBN-10 9781118967386
Release 2017-02-06
Pages 272
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Pineapple is the third most important tropical fruit in the world, with production occurring throughout the tropics. The demand for low acid fresh pineapples and its processed products is one of the fastest growing markets, especially in Europe and North America. This book provides an in depth and contemporary coverage of knowledge and practices in the value chain of this popular fruit, from production through to consumption. The chapters explore all the most recent developments in areas such as breeding, novel processing technologies, postharvest physiology and storage, packaging, nutritional quality and safety aspects. An outstanding team of authors from across the globe have contributed to make this the definitive pineapple handbook. Handbook of Pineapple Technology: Production, Postharvest Science, Processing and Nutrition is the ultimate guide for scientists in the food industries specializing in fruit processing, packaging and manufacturing. It is also a useful resource for educators and students of food technology and food sciences as well as research centers and regulatory agencies around the world.



Sensors for Mobile Robots

Sensors for Mobile Robots Author H.R. Everett
ISBN-10 9781439863480
Release 1995-07-15
Pages 544
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The author compiles everything a student or experienced developmental engineer needs to know about the supporting technologies associated with the rapidly evolving field of robotics. From the table of contents: Design Considerations * Dead Reckoning * Odometry Sensors * Doppler and Inertial Navigation * Typical Mobility Configurations * Tactile and Proximity Sensing * Triangulation Ranging * Stereo Disparity * Active Triangulation * Active Stereoscopic * Hermies * Structured Light * Known Target Size * Time of Flight * Phase-Shift Measurement * Frequency Modulation * Interferometry * Range from Focus * Return Signal Intensity * Acoustical Energy * Electromagnetic Energy * Optical Energy * Microwave Radar * Collision Avoidance * Guidepath Following * Position-Location Systems * Ultrasonic and Optical Position-Location Systems * Wall, Doorway, andCeiling Referencing * Application-Specific Mission Sensors



Biological and Medical Aspects of Electromagnetic Fields

Biological and Medical Aspects of Electromagnetic Fields Author Frank S. Barnes
ISBN-10 9781420009460
Release 2006-10-24
Pages 480
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Biological and Medical Aspects of Electromagnetic Fields examines potential health hazards, exposure standards, and medical applications of electromagnetic (EM) fields. The second volume in the bestselling and newly revisedHandbook of Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields, Third Edition, this book draws from the latest studies on the effects of exposure to electric and magnetic fields. In addition to extensive reviews of physiological effects, the book contains now separate reviews of behavioral and cognitive responses to various exposures. The book also describes an approach to setting standards for exposure limits and explores a few of the beneficial uses of EM fields in medical applications, both diagnostics and in treatment. Biological and Medical Aspects of Electromagnetic Fields provides a practical overview of the experiments and methods used to observe ELF and RF fields and the possible useful and hazardous implications of these observations.



Handbook of Hygiene Control in the Food Industry

Handbook of Hygiene Control in the Food Industry Author H. L. M. Lelieveld
ISBN-10 9781845690533
Release 2005-10-30
Pages 744
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Developments such as the demand for minimally-processed foods have placed a renewed emphasis on good hygienic practices in the food industry. As a result there has been a wealth of new research in this area. Complementing Woodhead’s best-selling Hygiene in the food industry, which reviews current best practice in hygienic design and operation, Handbook of hygiene control in the food industry provides a comprehensive summary of the key trends and issues in food hygiene research. Developments go fast: results of the R&D meanwhile have been applied or are being implemented as this book goes to print. Part one reviews research on the range of contamination risks faced by food processors. Building on this foundation, Part two discusses current trends in the design both of buildings and types of food processing equipment, from heating and packaging equipment to valves, pipes and sensors. Key issues in effective hygiene management are then covered in part three, from risk analysis, good manufacturing practice and standard operating procedures (SOPs) to improving cleaning and decontamination techniques. The final part of the book reviews developments in ways of monitoring the effectiveness of hygiene operations, from testing surface cleanability to sampling techniques and hygiene auditing. Like Hygiene in the food industry, this book is a standard reference for the food industry in ensuring the highest standards of hygiene in food production. Standard reference on high hygiene standards for the food industry Provides a comprehensive summary of the key trends in food hygiene research Effective hygiene management strategies are explored