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Modeling and Analysis of Dependable Systems

Modeling and Analysis of Dependable Systems Author Luigi Portinale
ISBN-10 9789814612050
Release 2015-06-09
Pages 272
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The monographic volume addresses, in a systematic and comprehensive way, the state-of-the-art dependability (reliability, availability, risk and safety, security) of systems, using the Artificial Intelligence framework of Probabilistic Graphical Models (PGM). After a survey about the main concepts and methodologies adopted in dependability analysis, the book discusses the main features of PGM formalisms (like Bayesian and Decision Networks) and the advantages, both in terms of modeling and analysis, with respect to classical formalisms and model languages. Methodologies for deriving PGMs from standard dependability formalisms will be introduced, by pointing out tools able to support such a process. Several case studies will be presented and analyzed to support the suitability of the use of PGMs in the study of dependable systems. Contents:Dependability and ReliabilityProbabilistic Graphical ModelsFrom Fault Trees to Bayesian NetworksFrom Dynamic Fault Tree to Dynamic Bayesian NetworksDecision Theoretic DependabilityThe RADyBaN Tool: Supporting DependabilityCase Study 1: Cascading FailuresCase Study 2: Autonomous Fault Detection, Identification and RecoveryCase Study 3: Security Assessment in Critical InfrastructuresCase Study 4: Dynamic Reliability Keywords:Dependability;Reliability;Probabilistic Graphical Models;Bayesian Networks;Fault Detection Identification and Recovery

Model Driven Dependability Assessment of Software Systems

Model Driven Dependability Assessment of Software Systems Author Simona Bernardi
ISBN-10 9783642395123
Release 2013-10-22
Pages 187
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Over the last two decades, a major challenge for researchers working on modeling and evaluation of computer-based systems has been the assessment of system Non Functional Properties (NFP) such as performance, scalability, dependability and security. In this book, the authors present cutting-edge model-driven techniques for modeling and analysis of software dependability. Most of them are based on the use of UML as software specification language. From the software system specification point of view, such techniques exploit the standard extension mechanisms of UML (i.e., UML profiling). UML profiles enable software engineers to add non-functional properties to the software model, in addition to the functional ones. The authors detail the state of the art on UML profile proposals for dependability specification and rigorously describe the trade-off they accomplish. The focus is mainly on RAMS (reliability, availability, maintainability and safety) properties. Among the existing profiles, they emphasize the DAM (Dependability Analysis and Modeling) profile, which attempts to unify, under a common umbrella, the previous UML profiles from literature, providing capabilities for dependability specification and analysis. In addition, they describe two prominent model-to-model transformation techniques, which support the generation of the analysis model and allow for further assessment of different RAMS properties. Case studies from different domains are also presented, in order to provide practitioners with examples of how to apply the aforementioned techniques. Researchers and students will learn basic dependability concepts and how to model them using UML and its extensions. They will also gain insights into dependability analysis techniques through the use of appropriate modeling formalisms as well as of model-to-model transformation techniques for deriving dependability analysis models from UML specifications. Moreover, software practitioners will find a unified framework for the specification of dependability requirements and properties of UML, and will benefit from the detailed case studies.

Computing System Reliability

Computing System Reliability Author Min Xie
ISBN-10 9780306486364
Release 2007-05-08
Pages 293
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Computing systems are of growing importance because of their wide use in many areas including those in safety-critical systems. This book describes the basic models and approaches to the reliability analysis of such systems. An extensive review is provided and models are categorized into different types. Some Markov models are extended to the analysis of some specific computing systems such as combined software and hardware, imperfect debugging processes, failure correlation, multi-state systems, heterogeneous subsystems, etc. One of the aims of the presentation is that based on the sound analysis and simplicity of the approaches, the use of Markov models can be better implemented in the computing system reliability.

Design and Test Technology for Dependable Systems on chip

Design and Test Technology for Dependable Systems on chip Author Raimund Ubar
ISBN-10 9781609602147
Release 2010
Pages 550
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"This book covers aspects of system design and efficient modelling, and also introduces various fault models and fault mechanisms associated with digital circuits integrated into System on Chip (SoC), Multi-Processor System-on Chip (MPSoC) or Network on Chip (NoC)"--

Software for Dependable Systems

Software for Dependable Systems Author Committee on Certifiably Dependable Software Systems
ISBN-10 9780309103947
Release 2007-08-14
Pages 148
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The focus of Software for Dependable Systems is a set of fundamental principles that underlie software system dependability and that suggest a different approach to the development and assessment of dependable software. Unfortunately, it is difficult to assess the dependability of software. The field of software engineering suffers from a pervasive lack of evidence about the incidence and severity of software failures; about the dependability of existing software systems; about the efficacy of existing and proposed development methods; about the benefits of certification schemes; and so on. There are many anecdotal reports, which-although often useful for indicating areas of concern or highlighting promising avenues of research-do little to establish a sound and complete basis for making policy decisions regarding dependability. The committee regards claims of extraordinary dependability that are sometimes made on this basis for the most critical of systems as unsubstantiated, and perhaps irresponsible. This difficulty regarding the lack of evidence for system dependability leads to two conclusions: (1) that better evidence is needed, so that approaches aimed at improving the dependability of software can be objectively assessed, and (2) that, for now, the pursuit of dependability in software systems should focus on the construction and evaluation of evidence. The committee also recognized the importance of adopting the practices that are already known and used by the best developers; this report gives a sample of such practices. Some of these (such as systematic configuration management and automated regression testing) are relatively easy to adopt; others (such as constructing hazard analyses and threat models, exploiting formal notations when appropriate, and applying static analysis to code) will require new training for many developers. However valuable, though, these practices are in themselves no silver bullet, and new techniques and methods will be required in order to build future software systems to the level of dependability that will be required.

Reliability and Availability Engineering

Reliability and Availability Engineering Author Kishor S. Trivedi
ISBN-10 9781107099500
Release 2017-08-03
Pages 752
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Do you need to know what technique to use to evaluate the reliability of an engineered system? This self-contained guide provides comprehensive coverage of all the analytical and modeling techniques currently in use, from classical non-state and state space approaches, to newer and more advanced methods such as binary decision diagrams, dynamic fault trees, Bayesian belief networks, stochastic Petri nets, non-homogeneous Markov chains, semi-Markov processes, and phase type expansions. Readers will quickly understand the relative pros and cons of each technique, as well as how to combine different models together to address complex, real-world modeling scenarios. Numerous examples, case studies and problems provided throughout help readers put knowledge into practice, and a solutions manual and Powerpoint slides for instructors accompany the book online. This is the ideal self-study guide for students, researchers and practitioners in engineering and computer science.

Architecting Dependable Systems

Architecting Dependable Systems Author Rogério de Lemos
ISBN-10 9783540451778
Release 2007-08-01
Pages 311
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As software systems become more and more ubiquitous, the issues of dependability become more and more critical. Given that solutions to these issues must be planned at the beginning of the design process, it is appropriate that these issues be addressed at the architectural level. This book is inspired by the ICSE 2002 Workshop on Architecting Dependable Systems; it is devoted to current topics relevant for improving the state of the art for architecting dependability. Some of the 13 peer-reviewed papers presented were initially presented at the workshop, others were invited in order to achieve competent and complete coverage of all relevant aspects. The papers are organized in topical sections on - architectures for dependability - fault tolerance in software architectures - dependability analysis in software architectures - industrial experience.

Model Based Engineering with AADL

Model Based Engineering with AADL Author Peter H. Feiler
ISBN-10 9780133132908
Release 2012-09-25
Pages 496
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Conventional build-then-test practices are making today’s embedded, software-reliant systems unaffordable to build. In response, more than thirty leading industrial organizations have joined SAE (formerly, the Society of Automotive Engineers) to define the SAE Architecture Analysis & Design Language (AADL) AS-5506 Standard, a rigorous and extensible foundation for model-based engineering analysis practices that encompass software system design, integration, and assurance. Using AADL, you can conduct lightweight and rigorous analyses of critical real-time factors such as performance, dependability, security, and data integrity. You can integrate additional established and custom analysis/specification techniques into your engineering environment, developing a fully unified architecture model that makes it easier to build reliable systems that meet customer expectations. Model-Based Engineering with AADL is the first guide to using this new international standard to optimize your development processes. Coauthored by Peter H. Feiler, the standard’s author and technical lead, this introductory reference and tutorial is ideal for self-directed learning or classroom instruction, and is an excellent reference for practitioners, including architects, developers, integrators, validators, certifiers, first-level technical leaders, and project managers. Packed with real-world examples, it introduces all aspects of the AADL notation as part of an architecture-centric, model-based engineering approach to discovering embedded software systems problems earlier, when they cost less to solve. Throughout, the authors compare AADL to other modeling notations and approaches, while presenting the language via a complete case study: the development and analysis of a realistic example system through repeated refinement and analysis. Part One introduces both the AADL language and core Model-Based Engineering (MBE) practices, explaining basic software systems modeling and analysis in the context of an example system, and offering practical guidelines for effectively applying AADL. Part Two describes the characteristics of each AADL element, including their representations, applicability, and constraints. The Appendix includes comprehensive listings of AADL language elements, properties incorporated in the AADL standard, and a description of the book’s example system.

Architecting Dependable Systems V

Architecting Dependable Systems V Author Rogério de Lemos
ISBN-10 9783540855705
Release 2008-08-28
Pages 343
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This survey contains expanded and peer-reviewed papers based on the selected contributions to the Workshop on Architecting Dependable Systems (WADS 2007), and the Third Workshop on the Role of Software Architecture for Testing and Analysis (ROSATEA 2007).

Modelling and Simulation of Integrated Systems in Engineering

Modelling and Simulation of Integrated Systems in Engineering Author D J Murray-Smith
ISBN-10 9780857096050
Release 2012-05-30
Pages 372
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This book places particular emphasis on issues of model quality and ideas of model testing and validation. Mathematical and computer-based models provide a foundation for explaining complex behaviour, decision-making, engineering design and for real-time simulators for research and training. Many engineering design techniques depend on suitable models, assessment of the adequacy of a given model for an intended application is therefore critically important. Generic model structures and dependable libraries of sub-models that can be applied repeatedly are increasingly important. Applications are drawn from the fields of mechanical, aeronautical and control engineering, and involve non-linear lumped-parameter models described by ordinary differential equations. Focuses on issues of model quality and the suitability of a given model for a specific application Multidisciplinary problems within engineering feature strongly in the applications The development and testing of nonlinear dynamic models is given very strong emphasis

Foundations of Dependable Computing

Foundations of Dependable Computing Author Gary M. Koob
ISBN-10 0792394844
Release 1994-10-31
Pages 264
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Foundations of Dependable Computing: Models and Frameworks for Dependable Systems presents two comprehensive frameworks for reasoning about system dependability, thereby establishing a context for understanding the roles played by specific approaches presented in this book's two companion volumes. It then explores the range of models and analysis methods necessary to design, validate and analyze dependable systems. A companion to this book (published by Kluwer), subtitled Paradigms for Dependable Applications, presents a variety of specific approaches to achieving dependability at the application level. Driven by the higher level fault models of Models and Frameworks for Dependable Systems, and built on the lower level abstractions implemented in a third companion book subtitled System Implementation, these approaches demonstrate how dependability may be tuned to the requirements of an application, the fault environment, and the characteristics of the target platform. Three classes of paradigms are considered: protocol-based paradigms for distributed applications, algorithm-based paradigms for parallel applications, and approaches to exploiting application semantics in embedded real-time control systems. Another companion book (published by Kluwer) subtitled System Implementation, explores the system infrastructure needed to support the various paradigms of Paradigms for Dependable Applications. Approaches to implementing support mechanisms and to incorporating additional appropriate levels of fault detection and fault tolerance at the processor, network, and operating system level are presented. A primary concern at these levels is balancing cost and performance against coverage and overall dependability. As these chapters demonstrate, low overhead, practical solutions are attainable and not necessarily incompatible with performance considerations. The section on innovative compiler support, in particular, demonstrates how the benefits of application specificity may be obtained while reducing hardware cost and run-time overhead.

Secure Computer and Network Systems

Secure Computer and Network Systems Author Nong Ye
ISBN-10 0470023252
Release 2008-04-15
Pages 354
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Computer and network systems have given us unlimited opportunities of reducing cost, improving efficiency, and increasing revenues, as demonstrated by an increasing number of computer and network applications. Yet, our dependence on computer and network systems has also exposed us to new risks, which threaten the security of, and present new challenges for protecting our assets and information on computer and network systems. The reliability of computer and network systems ultimately depends on security and quality of service (QoS) performance. This book presents quantitative modeling and analysis techniques to address these numerous challenges in cyber attack prevention and detection for security and QoS, including: the latest research on computer and network behavior under attack and normal use conditions; new design principles and algorithms, which can be used by engineers and practitioners to build secure computer and network systems, enhance security practice and move to providing QoS assurance on the Internet; mathematical and statistical methods for achieving the accuracy and timeliness of cyber attack detection with the lowest computational overhead; guidance on managing admission control, scheduling, reservation and service of computer and network jobs to assure the service stability and end-to-end delay of those jobs even under Denial of Service attacks or abrupt demands. Secure Computer and Network Systems: Modeling, Analysis and Design is an up-to-date resource for practising engineers and researchers involved in security, reliability and quality management of computer and network systems. It is also a must-read for postgraduate students developing advanced technologies for improving computer network dependability.

Modeling Analysis and Design of Dependable Systems with Application to Robotics and Assistance Technology

Modeling  Analysis  and Design of Dependable Systems with Application to Robotics and Assistance Technology Author Achim Wagner
ISBN-10 3843935599
Release 2018
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Modeling Analysis and Design of Dependable Systems with Application to Robotics and Assistance Technology has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Modeling Analysis and Design of Dependable Systems with Application to Robotics and Assistance Technology also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Modeling Analysis and Design of Dependable Systems with Application to Robotics and Assistance Technology book for free.

Reliability Modeling and Analysis of Smart Power Systems

Reliability Modeling and Analysis of Smart Power Systems Author Rajesh Karki
ISBN-10 9788132217985
Release 2014-04-07
Pages 202
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The volume presents the research work in understanding, modeling and quantifying the risks associated with different ways of implementing smart grid technology in power systems in order to plan and operate a modern power system with an acceptable level of reliability. Power systems throughout the world are undergoing significant changes creating new challenges to system planning and operation in order to provide reliable and efficient use of electrical energy. The appropriate use of smart grid technology is an important drive in mitigating these problems and requires considerable research activities, some of which (by researchers from academia and industry) are included in this volume: the reliability appraisal of smart grid technologies and their applications, micro-grids, assessment of plug-in hybrid vehicles and the system effects, smart system protection and reliability evaluation, demand response and smart maintenance of power system equipment.

Environment Modeling Based Requirements Engineering for Software Intensive Systems

Environment Modeling Based Requirements Engineering for Software Intensive Systems Author Zhi Jin
ISBN-10 9780128019573
Release 2017-12-14
Pages 288
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Environment Modeling-Based Requirements Engineering for Software Intensive Systems provides a new and promising approach for engineering the requirements of software-intensive systems, presenting a systematic, promising approach to identifying, clarifying, modeling, deriving, and validating the requirements of software-intensive systems from well-modeled environment simulations. In addition, the book presents a new view of software capability, i.e. the effect-based software capability in terms of environment modeling. Provides novel and systematic methodologies for engineering the requirements of software-intensive systems Describes ontologies and easily-understandable notations for modeling software-intensive systems Analyzes the functional and non-functional requirements based on the properties of the software surroundings Provides an essential, practical guide and formalization tools for the task of identifying the requirements of software-intensive systems Gives system analysts and requirements engineers insight into how to recognize and structure the problems of developing software-intensive systems

Cyber Physical System Design from an Architecture Analysis Viewpoint

Cyber Physical System Design from an Architecture Analysis Viewpoint Author Shin Nakajima
ISBN-10 9789811044366
Release 2017-05-10
Pages 159
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Providing a wide variety of technologies for ensuring the safety and dependability of cyber-physical systems (CPS), this book offers a comprehensive introduction to the architecture-centric modeling, analysis, and verification of CPS. In particular, it focuses on model driven engineering methods including architecture description languages, virtual prototyping, and formal analysis methods. CPS are based on a new design paradigm intended to enable emerging software-intensive systems. Embedded computers and networks monitor and control the physical processes, usually with the help of feedback loops where physical processes affect computations and vice versa. The principal challenges in system design lie in this constant interaction of software, hardware and physics. Developing reliable CPS has become a critical issue for the industry and society, because many applications such as transportation, power distribution, medical equipment and tele-medicine are dependent on CPS. Safety and security requirements must be ensured by means of powerful validation tools. Satisfying such requirements, including quality of service, implies having formally proven the required properties of the system before it is deployed. The book is concerned with internationally standardized modeling languages such as AADL, SysML, and MARTE. As the effectiveness of the technologies is demonstrated with industrial sample cases from the automotive and aerospace sectors, links between the methods presented and industrial problems are clearly understandable. Each chapter is self-contained, addressing specific scientific or engineering problems, and identifying further issues. In closing, it includes perspectives on future directions in CPS design from an architecture analysis viewpoint.

Architecting Dependable Systems IV

Architecting Dependable Systems IV Author Rogério de Lemos
ISBN-10 9783540740339
Release 2007-08-15
Pages 433
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As software systems become ubiquitous, the issues of dependability become more and more crucial. Given that solutions to these issues must be considered from the very beginning of the design process, it is reasonable that dependability is addressed at the architectural level. This book was born of an effort to bring together the research communities of software architectures and dependability. This state-of-the-art survey contains 18 expanded and peer-reviewed papers based on the carefully selected contributions to the Workshop on Architecting Dependable Systems (WADS 2006), organized at the 2006 International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks (DSN 2006), held in Philadelphia, PA, USA, in June 2006. It also contains a number of invited papers written by recognized experts in the area. The papers are organized in topical sections on architectural description languages, architectural components and patterns, architecting distributed systems, and architectural assurances for dependability.