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Molecular Biology of B Cells

Molecular Biology of B Cells Author Tasuku Honjo
ISBN-10 9780123984906
Release 2014-10-09
Pages 600
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Molecular Biology of B Cells, Second Edition is a comprehensive reference to how B cells are generated, selected, activated and engaged in antibody production. All of these developmental and stimulatory processes are described in molecular, immunological, and genetic terms to give a clear understanding of complex phenotypes. Molecular Biology of B Cells, Second Edition offers an integrated view of all aspects of B cells to produce a normal immune response as a constant, and the molecular basis of numerous diseases due to B cell abnormality. The new edition continues its success with updated research on microRNAs in B cell development and immunity, new developments in understanding lymphoma biology, and therapeutic targeting of B cells for clinical application. With updated research and continued comprehensive coverage of all aspects of B cell biology, Molecular Biology of B Cells, Second Edition is the definitive resource, vital for researchers across molecular biology, immunology and genetics. Covers signaling mechanisms regulating B cell differentiation Provides information on the development of therapeutics using monoclonal antibodies and clinical application of Ab Contains studies on B cell tumors from various stages of B lymphocytes Offers an integrated view of all aspects of B cells to produce a normal immune response

Molecular Biology of B Cell and T Cell Development

Molecular Biology of B Cell and T Cell Development Author John G. Monroe
ISBN-10 9781475727784
Release 2013-03-14
Pages 587
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Despite the tremendous diversity of the cells of the hematopoietic system, they are all derived from common precursor cells that are generated in the fetus and persist into adult life. In this regard, Band T lymphocytes, which comprise the two arms of the antigen-specific and inducible immune system, though functionally very different, are descendants of the same stem cell precursor. In the past several years, we have witnessed an explosion of information regarding the process by which differentiation of B-and T-cells from stem cells occurs. This information, like the answers to most important biological questions, has come from multiple and diverse directions. Because all hematopoietic cells arise from common precursors, complex regulatory processes must be involved in determining commitment to various lineages. Understanding commitment to the B- or T-cell lineage remains incomplete; however, identification of transcription factors necessary for progression along specific B-and T-cell pathways suggests that we are on the verge of understanding the molecules involved in the initial fate-determining steps. Studies of this type previously could be accomplished only in nonmammalian systems that are more amenable to genetic approaches. However, new technologies allow increasingly elegant and informative studies in mammalian systems, particularly for cells of the hematopoietic system.

Molecular Biology of the Cell

Molecular Biology of the Cell Author Bruce Alberts
ISBN-10 0824036956
Release 1989
Pages 1263
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New edition of a text in which six researchers from leading institutions discuss what is known and what is yet to be understood in the field of cell biology. The material on molecular genetics has been revised and expanded so that it can be used as a stand-alone text. A new chapter covers pathogens, infection, and innate immunity. Topics include introduction to the cell, basic genetic mechanisms, methods, internal organization of the cell, and cells in their social context. The book contains color illustrations and charts; and the included CD-ROM contains dozens of video clips, animations, molecular structures, and high-resolution micrographs. Annotation copyrighted by Book News Inc., Portland, OR.

B Cell Protocols

B Cell Protocols Author Hua Gu (PhD.)
ISBN-10 9781592597963
Release 2004
Pages 289
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A diverse collection of protocols ranging from the latest inventions and applications to some classic, but still frequently used, methods for studying B-lymphocyte development and function in higher animals. These readily reproducible protocols follow the successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, each one offering step-by-step laboratory instructions, an introduction outlining the principle behind the technique, lists of equipment and reagents, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Readily reproducible techniques for studying B-lymphocyte development and function Comprehensive collection of classic and cutting-edge methods Step-by-step instructions that ensure experimental success.

T and B Lymphocytes Recognition and Function

T and B Lymphocytes  Recognition and Function Author Fritz Bach
ISBN-10 9780323142847
Release 2012-12-02
Pages 736
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T and B Lymphocytes: Recognition and Function is the 16th volume of the 1979 ICN-UCLA Symposia on Molecular and Cellular Biology. This book is organized into seven sections, encompassing 74 chapters that summarize molecular level progress in the field of immunobiology. It emphasizes cell membrane, techniques developed for its analysis, and varied products of the major histocompatibility complex, as well as other receptors on cells of the immune system. The book starts by describing two approaches for molecular association evaluation. First is the use of artificial membranes or lipid vesicles for the incorporation of antigens for recognition by T-lymphocytes both at the afferent and efferent levels. Second is the chemical crosslinking of cell surface components with a variety of different crosslinking reagents. This is followed by a discussion on the molecular nature of a T-cell receptor that provides insights of the target(s) recognized by T-lymphocytes. Several chapters discuss data dealing with the issue of the apparent differential recognition by T- and B-cells while both use the same VH genes. Antiidiotypic sera, together with the activity of ""regulator"" T-cells, are also discussed, with regard to their role in networks of regulation of the immune response. This book presents works demonstrating that human T-lymphocytes can also be cloned and both noncytotoxic proliferating T-lymphocytes and Tc can be so obtained. This is along with the continuing studies regarding heterogenity of B-lymphocytes as well as macrophages. Part V focuses on the interaction between lymphocyte and virus and molecular modifications of viral-infected cells. The subsequent section deals with recognition, reactivities, and function of T- and B-lymphocytes. Considerable chapters in this section discuss T-cell cytotoxicity, dichotomy of MHC control over anti H-Y cytotoxic T-cell responses, mouse alloantibodies, and mixed lymphocyte reactions. The concluding part describes immunological tools, such as synthetic membranes and cloned T-cells with biological function.

B Cell Receptor Signaling

B Cell Receptor Signaling Author Chaohong Liu
ISBN-10 1493974734
Release 2018-02-01
Pages 262
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This volume looks the current advanced protocols used to study aspects of the B cell receptor (BCR). The chapters in this book cover topics such as the mutant of BCR repertoire to understand antibody evolution; interactions between B cells and viruses; mechanical force during BCR activation; B cell signaling using flow cytometry; confocal microscopy, total internal reflection microscopy and intravital two-photon microscopy; and the methods used to study critical cell components related with B cell activation. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and practical, B Cell Receptor Signaling: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for everyone in the scientific community currently working in the B cell field.

Cellular and Molecular Biology of Bone

Cellular and Molecular Biology of Bone Author Masaki Noda
ISBN-10 9780080925004
Release 2014-06-28
Pages 567
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Written by well-known experts in their respective fields, this book synthesizes recent work on the biology of bone cells at the molecular level. Cellular and Molecular Biology of Bone covers the differentiation of these cells, the regulation of their growth and metabolism, and their death resorption. The authors' special comprehensive treatment of the cellular and molecular mechanisms of bone metabolism makes this book a unique and valuable tool. Cellular and Molecular Biology of Bone provides interested readers-with concise state-of-the-art reviews in bone biology that will enlarge their scope and increase their appreciation of the field. Research in this area has intensified recently due to the increasing incidence of osteoporosis. The editor hopes an understanding of the basic biology of this disease will prove relevant to its prevention and treatment.

The Neuron

The Neuron Author David J Maloney Professor and Chair of Neuroscience Irwin B Levitan, Ph.D.
ISBN-10 9780199773893
Release 2015-08-01
Pages 600
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The Fourth Edition of The Neuron provides a comprehensive first course in the cell and molecular biology of nerve cells. The book begins with properties of the many newly discovered ion channels that have emerged through mapping of the genome. These channels shape the way a single neuron generates varied patterns of electrical activity. Covered next are the molecular mechanisms that convert electrical activity into the secretion of neurotransmitter hormones at synaptic junctions between neurons. The following section examines the biochemical pathways that are linked to the action of neurotransmitters and that can alter the cellular properties of neurons or sensory cells that transduce information from the outside world into the electrical code used by neurons. The final section reviews our rapidly expanding knowledge of the molecular factors that induce an undifferentiated cell to become a neuron, and then guide it to form appropriate synaptic connections with its partners. This section also focuses on the role of ongoing experience and activity in shaping these connections, and finishes with an account of mechanisms thought to underlie the phenomena of learning and memory. The book contains scores of color figures and fully updated chapters; online content packaged exclusively with the Fourth Edition includes detailed animations of neural processes, in-depth supplemental reading, and additional full-color figures and tables.

Regulatory B Cells

Regulatory B Cells Author Gaetano Vitale
ISBN-10 1493911600
Release 2014-07-14
Pages 292
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Regulatory B Cells: Methods and Protocols present the current experimental set-ups and methodologies useful for the identification and characterization of B cells with suppressive functions and for the study of their biological and immunological properties. Organized into four sections, this detailed volume covers the basic methods for the isolation and immunophenotypical characterization of specific B cell subsets from mouse and human tissues, methods for the investigation of the mechanisms of immune suppression operated by B cells, several experimental approaches for the ex vivo generation/expansion of IL-10-producing B cells, as well as procedures for the study of the immune suppressive function of B cells in specific pathological settings. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Practical and authoritative, Regulatory B Cells: Methods and Protocols serves as an ideal guide for immunologists as well as for cell and molecular biologists interested in the intricacies of B cell biology.

Applied Cell and Molecular Biology for Engineers

Applied Cell and Molecular Biology for Engineers Author Gabi Nindl Waite
ISBN-10 0071509526
Release 2007-04-05
Pages 326
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A Guide to the Fundamentals and Latest Concepts of Molecular and Cell Biology Bridging the gap between biology and engineering, Applied Cell and Molecular Biology for Engineers uses clear, straightforward language to introduce you to the cutting-edge concepts of molecular and cell biology. Written by an international team of engineers and life scientists, this vital tool contains “clinical focus boxes” and “applications boxes” in each chapter to link biology and engineering in today's world. To help grasp complex material quickly and easily, a glossary is provided. Applied Cell and Molecular Biology for Engineers features: Clear descriptions of cell structures and functions Detailed coverage of cellular communication In-depth information on cellular energy conversion Concise facts on information flow across generations A succinct guide to the evolution of cells to organisms Inside This Biomedical Engineering Guide Biomolecules: • Energetics • Components of the cell • Cell Morphology: • Cell membranes • Cell organelles • Enzyme Kinetics: • Steady-state kinetics • Enzyme inhibition • Cellular Signal Transduction: • Receptor binding • Apoptosis • Energy Conversion: • Cell metabolism • Cell respiration • Cellular Communication: • Direct • Local • Long distance • Cellular Genetics: • DNA and RNA synthesis and repair • Cell Division and Growth: • Cell cycle • Mitosis • Stem cells • Cellular Development: • Germ cells and fertilization • Limb development • From Cells to Organisms: • Cell differentiation • Systems biology

B Cell Receptor Signaling

B Cell Receptor Signaling Author Tomohiro Kurosaki
ISBN-10 9783319261331
Release 2015-12-26
Pages 231
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This volume details our current understanding of the architecture and signaling capabilities of the B cell antigen receptor (BCR) in health and disease. The first chapters review new insights into the assembly of BCR components and their organization on the cell surface. Subsequent contributions focus on the molecular interactions that connect the BCR with major intracellular signaling pathways such as Ca2+ mobilization, membrane phospholipid metabolism, nuclear translocation of NF-kB or the activation of Bruton’s Tyrosine Kinase and MAP kinases. These elements orchestrate cytoplasmic and nuclear responses as well as cytoskeleton dynamics for antigen internalization. Furthermore, a key mechanism of how B cells remember their cognate antigen is discussed in detail. Altogether, the discoveries presented provide a better understanding of B cell biology and help to explain some B cell-mediated pathogenicities, like autoimmune phenomena or the formation of B cell tumors, while also paving the way for eventually combating these diseases.

Mechanisms of Lymphocyte Activation and Immune Regulation XI

Mechanisms of Lymphocyte Activation and Immune Regulation XI Author Sudhir Gupta
ISBN-10 9780387465302
Release 2007-05-21
Pages 198
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In recent years, major developments have increased understanding of various genetic and epigenetic regulatory processes that are critical for the generation of B cell repertoires. These include the role of chromatin regulation and nuclear organization in understating the IgH gene regulation. These proceedings highlight recent developments in lymphocyte development, Ig gene rearrangements and somatic hypermutation, chromatin structure modification, B lymphocyte signaling and fate, receptor editing, and autoimmunity.

Molecular Biology of the Neuron

Molecular Biology of the Neuron Author R. Wayne Davies
ISBN-10 0198509987
Release 2004-04-08
Pages 480
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This book is a valuable compendium of up-to-date reviews of neuronal molecular biology by leading researchers in the field. It covers all aspects of neuron structure and function, with the emphasis on genetic and molecular analysis

The Evolution of Molecular Biology

The Evolution of Molecular Biology Author Kensal Van Holde
ISBN-10 9780128129180
Release 2018-02-20
Pages 242
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The Evolution of Molecular Biology: The Search for the Secrets of Life provides the historical knowledge behind techniques founded in molecular biology, also presenting an appreciation of how, and by whom, these discoveries were made. It deals with the evolution of intellectual concepts in the context of active research in an approachable language that accommodates readers from a variety of backgrounds. Each chapter contains a prologue and epilogue to create continuity and provide a complete framework of molecular biology. This foundational work also functions as a historical and conceptual supplement to many related courses in biochemistry, biology, chemistry, genetics and history of science. In addition, the book demonstrates how the roots of discovery and advances–and an individual’s own research–have grown out of the history of the field, presenting a more complete understanding and context for scientific discovery. Expands on the development of molecular biology from the convergence of two independent disciplines, biochemistry and genetics Discusses the value of molecular biology in a variety of applications Includes research ethics and the societal implications of research Emphasizes the human aspects of research and the consequences of such advances to society

B Cell Biology in Autoimmunity

B Cell Biology in Autoimmunity Author David Ahmad Nemazee
ISBN-10 9783805574549
Release 2003
Pages 272
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B cells play a central role not only in adaptive immunity, but also in autoimmunity. To understand how B cells are normally prevented from reacting to self-tissue, what goes wrong in autoimmunity, and how B cells contribute to it is the aim of this book. This volume includes more than a dozen in-depth reviews by researchers specializing in various aspects of basic B cell biology that have relevance to autoimmune diseases. These up-to-date chapters present the latest information on B cell signal transduction, apoptosis, genetics and molecular biology. Also featured are chapters with special reference to particular autoimmune diseases in which B cells have been shown to play a critical role, such as type 1 diabetes, chronic graft-versus-host disease and lupus erythematosus. Further topics covered include the role of the complement system, rheumatoid factors, and anti-DNA autoantibodies as well as important related areas such as natural autoantibodies, B cell immune tolerance, Toll receptor signaling, and the immunobiology of BAFF/BLyS. Both basic researchers and clinician scientists who wish to understand the role of B lymphocytes in immune tolerance and autoimmunity will benefit from this timely publication.

Cell and Molecular Biology

Cell and Molecular Biology Author Gerald Karp
ISBN-10 9780470483374
Release 2009-10-19
Pages 832
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Karp continues to help biologists make important connections between key concepts and experimentation. The sixth edition explores core concepts in considerable depth and presents experimental detail when it helps to explain and reinforce the concepts. The majority of discussions have been modified to reflect the latest changes in the field. The book also builds on its strong illustration program by opening each chapter with “VIP” art that serves as a visual summary for the chapter. Over 60 new micrographs and computer-derived images have been added to enhance the material. Biologists benefit from these changes as they build their skills in making the connection.

Guide to Yeast Genetics and Molecular Biology

Guide to Yeast Genetics and Molecular Biology Author
ISBN-10 9780080575131
Release 2004-05-14
Pages 933
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Guide to Yeast Genetics and Molecular Biology presents, for the first time, a comprehensive compilation of the protocols and procedures that have made Saccharomyces cerevisiae such a facile system for all researchers in molecular and cell biology. Whether you are an established yeast biologist or a newcomer to the field, this volume contains all the up-to-date methods you will need to study "Your Favorite Gene" in yeast. Key Features * Basic Methods in Yeast Genetics * Physical and genetic mapping * Making and recovering mutants * Cloning and Recombinant DNA Methods * High-efficiency transformation * Preparation of yeast artificial chromosome vectors * Basic Methods of Cell Biology * Immunomicroscopy * Protein targeting assays * Biochemistry of Gene Expression * Vectors for regulated expression * Isolation of labeled and unlabeled DNA, RNA, and protein