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Molecular Genetics in Fisheries

Molecular Genetics in Fisheries Author Gary R. Carvalho
ISBN-10 9789401112185
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 142
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The basic principle of all molecular genetic methods is to employ inherited, discrete and stable markers to identify genotypes that characterize individuals, populations or species. Such genetic data can provide information ori the levels and distribution of genetic variability in relation to mating patterns, life history, population size, migration and environment. Although molecular tools have long been employed to address various questions in fisheries biology and management, their contributions to the field are sometimes unclear, and often controversial. Much of the initial impetus for the deployment of molecular markers arose from the desire to assess fish stock structure based on various interpretations of the stock concept. Although such studies have met with varying success, they continue to provide an impetus for the development of increasingly sensitive population discriminators, yielding information that can be valuable for both sustainable exploitation and the conservation of fish populations. In the last major synthesis of the subject, Ryman and Utter (1987) summarized progress and applications, though this was prior to the wide-scale adoption of DNA methodology. New sources of genetic markers and protocols are now available, in particular those that exploit the widely distributed and highly variable repeat sequences of DNA, and the amplification technique of the polymerase chain reaction.



Aquaculture and Fisheries Biotechnology

Aquaculture and Fisheries Biotechnology Author Rex A. Dunham
ISBN-10 9781845936518
Release 2011
Pages 495
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This second edition covers topics essential to the study of fish genetics, including qualitative and quantitative traits, crossbreeding, inbreeding, genetic drift, hybridization, selection programs, polyploidy, genomics and cloning. Fully updated and tailored for students with a new layout and format, "Aquaculture and Fisheries Biotechnology and Genetics" also addresses environmental risk, food safety and government regulation of transgenic aquatic organisms, commercial applications of fish biotechnology and future issues in fish genetics. It is essential reading for students of fish genetics and fish molecular genetics.



Biotechnology and Genetics in Fisheries and Aquaculture

Biotechnology and Genetics in Fisheries and Aquaculture Author Andy Beaumont
ISBN-10 1444318802
Release 2010-01-21
Pages 216
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Following the extremely well-received structure of the first edition, this carefully revised and updated new edition now includes much new information of vital importance to those working and researching in the fisheries and aquaculture industries. Commencing with chapters covering genetic variation and how it can be measured, the authors then look at genetic structure in natural populations, followed by a new chapter covering genetics in relation to population size and conservation issues. Genetic variation of traits and triploids and the manipulation of ploidy are fully covered, and another new chapter is included, entitled 'From Genetics to Genomics'. The book concludes with a chapter covering the impact of genetic engineering in aquaculture. With the inclusion of a wealth of up-to-date information, new text and figures and the inclusion of a third author, Pierre Boudry, the second edition of Biotechnology and Genetics in Fisheries and Aquaculture provides an excellent text and reference of great value and use to upper level students and professionals working across fish biology, aquatic sciences, fisheries, aquaculture, genetics and biotechnology. Libraries in all universities and research establishments where biological sciences, fisheries and aquaculture are studied and taught should have several copies of this excellent new edition on their shelves. Completely updated, revised and expanded new edition Subject area of ever increasing importance Expanded authorship Commercially useful information for fish breeders



Effects of Pollution on Fish

Effects of Pollution on Fish Author Andrew J. Lawrence
ISBN-10 9780470999684
Release 2008-04-15
Pages 368
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The impact of pollution on fisheries and the potential health implications of eating contaminated fish are areas of considerable concern for the fishing and aquaculture communities, government bodies and the general public. Pollution, as well as over fishing, may well be contributory to recent serious declines in global fish stocks. Effects of Pollution on Fish brings together the work of many international experts each of whom have examined the literature on marine and freshwater fish and, where appropriate, invertebrates, to produce comprehensive chapters covering all major aspects of the impacts of pollution on fish and fisheries. The book describes these impacts in detail, from the molecular and sub-cellular level, through organism to population and community levels, and subsequently to socio-economic implications. The editors of this thorough and timely book have drawn together contributions encompassing molecular genetics, biochemistry, physiology, population and community biology, and fishery economics. As such, this important book will be of great use and interest to students and professionals studying and teaching in all those subject areas. Fish biologists, environmental scientists and ecotoxicologists, marine and freshwater ecologists, fisheries managers, aquaculture personnel and fish farmers, as well as fish veterinarians will all find much of great value within this book. Libraries in universities and research establishments concerned with these areas should all have copies of this book on their shelves.



Genetics and Fish Breeding

Genetics and Fish Breeding Author C.E. Purdom
ISBN-10 0412330407
Release 1992-11-30
Pages 278
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Genetics and Fish Breeding provides a thorough review of this important subject, highlighting species which are bred commercially, such as salmon, trout, carp and goldfish. The author, who is an acknowledged expert in this subject, has drawn together a wealth of information, providing a book which should be bought by all fish biologists, fisheries scientists, geneticists and aquarists.



Fish Genetics and Aquaculture Biotechnology

Fish Genetics and Aquaculture Biotechnology Author T J Pandian
ISBN-10 9781482280319
Release 2005-01-02
Pages 170
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To feed the growing world population, water is looked upon as a major source of food production. This book is an attempt to bring out a comprehensive volume on Fish Transgenesis, Chromosome Engineering and Sex Control, Molecular Endocrinology, Microbal Diseases and Vaccines, and Bioactive Compounds.



Molecular Biology Frontiers

Molecular Biology Frontiers Author Peter W. Hochachka
ISBN-10 LCCN:gb94004240
Release 1993
Pages 470
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Molecular Biology Frontiers has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Molecular Biology Frontiers also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Molecular Biology Frontiers book for free.



Population Genetics

Population Genetics Author Eric M. Hallerman
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822032103665
Release 2003
Pages 458
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"List of Fish Taxa -- Preface -- Introduction -- An Overview of Classical and Molecular Genetics -- Measurement of Genetic Variation -- Allozyme Variation -- Chromosomal Variation -- Mitochondrial DNA -- Nuclear DNA -- Population GeneticProcesses -- Natural Selection -- Random Genetic Drift -- Inbreeding -- Coadaptation and Outbreeding Depression -- Quantitative Genetics -- Practical Applications of Population Genetics -- Genetic Stock Identification and Risk Assessment -- Genetic Guidelines for Hatchery Supplementation Programs --Genetic Impacts of Fish Introductions --Genetic Marking -- Forensics -- Population Viability Analysis --Glossary - Index"--P. v.



Selective Breeding in Aquaculture an Introduction

Selective Breeding in Aquaculture  an Introduction Author Trygve Gjedrem
ISBN-10 9048127734
Release 2010-03-17
Pages 221
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The foundation of quantitative genetics theory was developed during the last century and facilitated many successful breeding programs for cultivated plants and t- restrial livestock. The results have been almost universally impressive, and today nearly all agricultural production utilises genetically improved seed and animals. The aquaculture industry can learn a great deal from these experiences, because the basic theory behind selective breeding is the same for all species. The ?rst published selection experiments in aquaculture started in 1920 s to improve disease resistance in ?sh, but it was not before the 1970 s that the ?rst family based breeding program was initiated for Atlantic salmon in Norway by AKVAFORSK. Unfortunately, the subsequent implementation of selective breeding on a wider scale in aquaculture has been slow, and despite the dramatic gains that have been demonstrated in a number of species, less than 10% of world aquaculture production is currently based on improved stocks. For the long-term sustainability of aquaculture production, there is an urgent need to develop and implement e- cient breeding programs for all species under commercial production. The ability for aquaculture to successfully meet the demands of an ever increasing human p- ulation, will rely on genetically improved stocks that utilise feed, water and land resources in an ef?cient way. Technological advances like genome sequences of aquaculture species, and advanced molecular methods means that there are new and exciting prospects for building on these well-established methods into the future.



Applied Fish Genetics

Applied Fish Genetics Author Bhaja Krishna Padhi
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822031075724
Release 2000
Pages 190
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Applied Fish Genetics has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Applied Fish Genetics also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Applied Fish Genetics book for free.



Practical Genetics for Aquaculture

Practical Genetics for Aquaculture Author C. Greg Lutz
ISBN-10 9780470999820
Release 2008-04-15
Pages 256
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Over recent years there have been major advances in the application of molecular, biotechnological and genetic techniques to a wide range of aquatic species. Until now, many working in a hands-on capacity in the area of aquaculture have not known what the benefits of this work could be to them. This important new book redresses this situation, providing clear details of the available scientific information and the direct application of techniques under simple and practical situations.



Bioinformatics in Aquaculture

Bioinformatics in Aquaculture Author Zhanjiang (John) Liu
ISBN-10 9781118782354
Release 2017-04-17
Pages 606
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Bioinformatics derives knowledge from computer analysis of biological data. In particular, genomic and transcriptomic datasets are processed, analysed and, whenever possible, associated with experimental results from various sources, to draw structural, organizational, and functional information relevant to biology. Research in bioinformatics includes method development for storage, retrieval, and analysis of the data. Bioinformatics in Aquaculture provides the most up to date reviews of next generation sequencing technologies, their applications in aquaculture, and principles and methodologies for the analysis of genomic and transcriptomic large datasets using bioinformatic methods, algorithm, and databases. The book is unique in providing guidance for the best software packages suitable for various analysis, providing detailed examples of using bioinformatic software and command lines in the context of real world experiments. This book is a vital tool for all those working in genomics, molecular biology, biochemistry and genetics related to aquaculture, and computational and biological sciences.



Aquaculture Biotechnology

Aquaculture Biotechnology Author Garth L. Fletcher
ISBN-10 9780813810287
Release 2012-02-01
Pages 390
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This important book looks at a broad spectrum of biotech research efforts and their applications to the aquaculture industry. Aquaculture Biotechnology provides key reviews that look at the application of genetic, cellular, and molecular technologies to enable fish farmers to produce a more abundant, resilient, and healthier supply of seafood. Aquaculture Biotechnology is divided into seven sections and nineteen chapters that cover topics ranging from broodstock improvement to fish health and gene transfer. With chapters provided by leading researchers and skillfully edited by top scientists in the field, this will be a valuable tool to researchers, producers, and students interested in better understanding this dynamic field of aquaculture.



Marine Genetics

Marine Genetics Author Antonio Sole-Cava
ISBN-10 9789401721844
Release 2013-03-09
Pages 219
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Our current knowledge of marine organisms and the factors affecting their ecology, distribution and evolution has been revolutionised by the use, in the last 20 years, of molecular population genetics tools. This book is the result of a meeting of world-leading experts, in Rio de Janeiro, where the state of the art of this field was reviewed. Topics covered include the molecular analysis of bio-invasions, the recent developments in marine biotechnology, the factors affecting levels of genetic variation and population structure in marine organisms and their application to conservation biology, fisheries and aquaculture. This is the first book dedicated to the genetic study of marine organisms. It will be very useful to biology students, scientists and anyone working or simply interested in areas such as marine biology, zoology, ecology, and population and molecular genetics.



Molecular Research in Aquaculture

Molecular Research in Aquaculture Author Ken Overturf
ISBN-10 9780813807423
Release 2009-07-23
Pages 400
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Molecular Research in Aquaculture Molecular research and biotechnology have long been fields of study with applications useful to aquaculture and other animal sciences. Molecular Research in Aquaculture looks to provide an understanding of molecular research and its applications to the aquaculture industry in a format that allows individuals without prior experience in this area to learn about and understand this important field. Molecular Research in Aquaculture opens with an introductory chapter giving background information on the aquaculture industry and the development of the science and research methods to what is currently being used. From there it discusses how new, innovative techniques are now being converted and used for research in this field. Introductory chapters on basic molecular biological techniques, such as PCR, cloning, and hybridization, and their rationale provide the foundation for an in-depth look at molecular research and its specific applications. The remaining chapters review key areas of molecular research such as microarray analysis, quantitative PCR, and transgenics. Molecular Research in Aquaculture will be a valuable reference for professionals and researchers with an interest in the development of molecular technologies and their applications to the field of aquaculture. Coverage of basic molecular biological techniques and their rationale In-depth look at molecular research and their applications to aquaculture Valuable reference on the developments of this key area in aquaculture research



Stock Identification Methods

Stock Identification Methods Author Steven X. Cadrin
ISBN-10 9780123972583
Release 2013-10-04
Pages 588
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Stock Identification Methods, 2e, continues to provide a comprehensive review of the various disciplines used to study the population structure of fishery resources. It represents the worldwide experience and perspectives of experts on each method, assembled through a working group of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. The book is organized to foster interdisciplinary analyses and conclusions about stock structure, a crucial topic for fishery science and management. Technological advances have promoted the development of stock identification methods in many directions, resulting in a confusing variety of approaches. Based on central tenets of population biology and management needs, this valuable resource offers a unified framework for understanding stock structure by promoting an understanding of the relative merits and sensitivities of each approach. Describes 18 distinct approaches to stock identification grouped into sections on life history traits, environmental signals, genetic analyses, and applied marks Features experts' reviews of benchmark case studies, general protocols, and the strengths and weaknesses of each identification method Reviews statistical techniques for exploring stock patterns, testing for differences among putative stocks, stock discrimination, and stock composition analysis Focuses on the challenges of interpreting data and managing mixed-stock fisheries



Fish Genetics

Fish Genetics Author Sangeeta Malvee
ISBN-10 8189741632
Release 2008-01-01
Pages 471
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Biotechnology is a technique that used living organisms to create and amend a product, to develop plants and animals or to develop micro-organisms for explicit uses. Biotechnological means of genetic improvement is a modern and faster approach. Genome manipulations (Chromosomal Engineering) and gene transfer (Genetic Engineering) have been experimentally studied throughout past in many countries. To date genetic progress in livestock breeding programmes has relied whichever on breed exchange or leading the conventional quantitative genetic approach of testing and selection. Under these circumstances the need to develop new technologies became imperative unlike in agriculture and veterinary farming exploitation of genetic potentials and utilisation of genetically improved cultured varieties of fish is not a common practice in aquaculture all most all species of fish are genetically improved to the traditional selective reading and hybridisation methods. Aquaculture is multidisciplinary activity. This book overviews Fishes and related biotechnology techniques. Reading this book will be beneficial for students of fisheries, researchers in this field and entrepreneurs.