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Morality s Muddy Waters

Morality s Muddy Waters Author George Cotkin
ISBN-10 9780812222494
Release 2013-03-21
Pages 262
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In the face of an uncertain and dangerous world, Americans yearn for a firm moral compass, a clear set of ethical guidelines. But as history shows, by reducing complex situations to simple cases of right or wrong we often go astray. In Morality's Muddy Waters, historian George Cotkin offers a clarion call on behalf of moral complexity. Revisiting several defining moments in the twentieth century—the American bombing of civilians during World War II, the My Lai massacre, racism in the South, capital punishment, the invasion of Iraq—Cotkin chronicles how historical figures have grappled with the problem of evil and moral responsibility—sometimes successfully, oftentimes not. In the process, he offers a wide-ranging tour of modern American history. Taken together, Cotkin maintains, these episodes reveal that the central concepts of morality—evil, empathy, and virtue—are both necessary and troubling. Without empathy, for example, we fail to inhabit the world of others; with it, we sometimes elevate individual suffering over political complexities. For Cotkin, close historical analysis may help reenergize these concepts for ethical thinking and acting. Morality's Muddy Waters argues for a moral turn in the way we study and think about history, maintaining that even when answers to ethical dilemmas prove elusive, the act of grappling with them is invaluable.



Just War Theory and Civilian Casualties

Just War Theory and Civilian Casualties Author Marcus Schulzke
ISBN-10 9781107189690
Release 2017-08-31
Pages 250
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This book addresses the inadequacies of just war theory and international law regarding civilian rights, developing new principles of individual restorative justice.



Situating Existentialism

Situating Existentialism Author Jonathan Judaken
ISBN-10 9780231519670
Release 2012-06-05
Pages 464
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This anthology provides a history of the systemization and canonization of existentialism, a quintessentially antisystemic mode of thought. Situating existentialism within the history of ideas, it features new readings on the most influential works in the existential canon, exploring their formative contexts and the cultural dialogues of which they were a part. Emphasizing the multidisciplinary and global nature of existential arguments, the chosen texts relate to philosophy, religion, literature, theater, and culture and reflect European, Russian, Latin American, African, and American strains of thought. Readings are grouped into three thematic categories: national contexts, existentialism and religion, and transcultural migrations that explore the reception of existentialism. The volume explains how literary giants such as Dostoevsky and Tolstoy were incorporated into the existentialist fold and how inclusion into the canon recast the work of Kierkegaard and Nietzsche, and it describes the roles played by Jaspers and Heidegger in Germany and the Paris School of existentialism in France. Essays address not only frequently assigned works but also underappreciated discoveries, underscoring their vital relevance to contemporary critical debate. Designed to speak to a new generation's concerns, the collection deploys a diverse range of voices to interrogate the fundamental questions of the human condition.



Feast of Excess

Feast of Excess Author George Cotkin
ISBN-10 9780190218485
Release 2015-11-13
Pages 448
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In 1952, John Cage shocked audiences with 4'33", his compositional ode to the ironic power of silence. From Cage's minimalism to Chris Burden's radical performance art two decades later (in one piece he had himself shot), the post-war American avant-garde shattered the divide between low and high art, between artist and audience. They changed the cultural landscape. Feast of Excess is an engaging and accessible portrait of "The New Sensibility," as it was named by Susan Sontag in 1965. The New Sensibility sought to push culture in extreme directions: either towards stark minimalism or gaudy maximalism. Through vignette profiles of prominent figures-John Cage, Patricia Highsmith, Allen Ginsberg, Andy Warhol, Anne Sexton, John Coltrane, Bob Dylan, Erica Jong, and Thomas Pynchon, to name a few-George Cotkin presents their bold, headline-grabbing performances and places them within the historical moment. This inventive and jaunty narrative captures the excitement of liberation in American culture. The roots of this release, as Cotkin demonstrates, began in the 1950s, boomed in the 1960s, and became the cultural norm by the 1970s. More than a detailed immersion in the history of cultural extremism, Feast of Excess raises provocative questions for our present-day culture.



Uncertain Empire

Uncertain Empire Author Joel Isaac
ISBN-10 9780199986668
Release 2012-09-01
Pages 314
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Historians have long understood that the notion of "the cold war" is richly metaphorical, if not paradoxical. The conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union was a war that fell ambiguously short of war, an armed truce that produced considerable bloodshed. Yet scholars in the rapidly expanding field of Cold War studies have seldom paused to consider the conceptual and chronological foundations of the idea of the Cold War itself. In Uncertain Empire, a group of leading scholars takes up the challenge of making sense of the idea of the Cold War and its application to the writing of American history. They interrogate the concept from a wide range of disciplinary vantage points--diplomatic history, the history of science, literary criticism, cultural history, and the history of religion--highlighting the diversity of methods and approaches in contemporary Cold War studies. Animating the volume as a whole is a question about the extent to which the Cold War was an American invention. Uncertain Empire brings debates over national, global, and transnational history into focus and offers students of the Cold War a new framework for considering recent developments in the field.



A Contest of Ideas

A Contest of Ideas Author Nelson Lichtenstein
ISBN-10 0252037855
Release 2013
Pages 314
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For more than thirty years Nelson Lichtenstein has deployed his scholarship - on labour, politics, and social thought - to chart the history and prospects of a progressive America. A Contest of Ideas collects and updates many of Lichtenstein's most provocative and controversial essays and reviews. These incisive writings link the fate of the labour movement to the transformations in the shape of world capitalism, to the rise of the civil rights movement, and to the activists and intellectuals who have played such important roles. Tracing broad patterns of political thought, Lichtenstein offers important perspectives on the relationship of labour and the state, the tensions that sometimes exist between a culture of rights and the idea of solidarity, and the rise of conservatism in politics, law, and intellectual life. The volume closes with portraits of five activist intellectuals whose work has been vital to the conflicts that engage the labour movement, public policy, and political culture.



Reluctant Modernism

Reluctant Modernism Author George Cotkin
ISBN-10 0742531473
Release 2004-01-01
Pages 188
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In Reluctant Modernism: American Thought and Culture, 1880–1900, George Cotkin surveys the intellectual life of this crucial transitional period. His story begins with the Darwinian controversies, since the mainstream of American culture was just beginning to come to grips with the implications of the Origins of Species. Cotkin demonstrates the effects of this shift in thinking on philosophy, anthropology, and the newly developing field of psychology. Throughout this fascinating, readable history of the American fin de siècle run the contrasting themes of continuity and change, faith and rationalism, despair over the meaninglessness of life and, ultimately, a guarded optimism about the future.



Existential America

Existential America Author George Cotkin
ISBN-10 0801882001
Release 2005-03-25
Pages 368
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"As Cotkin shows, not only did Americans readily take to existentialism, but they were already heirs to a rich tradition of thinkers - from Jonathan Edwards and Herman Melville to Emily Dickinson and William James - who had wrestled with the problems of existence and the contingency of the world long before Sartre and his colleagues. After introducing the concept of an American existential tradition, Cotkin examines how formal existentialism first arrived in America in the 1930s through discussion of Kierkegaard and the early vogue among New York intellectuals for the works of Sartre, Beauvoir, and Camus.



Don t Tell Me What to Do

Don t Tell Me What to Do Author Dave Heney
ISBN-10 9780809140749
Release 2002
Pages 165
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A clearly written resource for people who want to quickly know what Catholics believe about a moral issue and why.



Moral Clarity

Moral Clarity Author Susan Neiman
ISBN-10 9780691143897
Release 2009-09-06
Pages 470
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For years, moral language has been the province of the Right, as the Left has consoled itself with rudderless pragmatism. In this profound and powerful book, Susan Neiman reclaims the vocabulary of morality--good and evil, heroism and nobility--as a lingua franca for the twenty-first century. In constructing a framework for taking responsible action on today's urgent questions, Neiman reaches back to the eighteenth century, retrieving a series of values--happiness, reason, reverence, and hope--held high by Enlightenment thinkers. In this thoroughly updated edition, Neiman reflects on how the moral language of the 2008 presidential campaign has opened up new political and cultural possibilities in America and beyond. --



Climate Change Ethics

Climate Change Ethics Author Donald A. Brown
ISBN-10 9780415625715
Release 2012
Pages 271
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Climate change is now the biggest challenge faced by humanity worldwide and ethics is the crucial missing component in the debate about what to do about this enormous threat. This book examines why thirty-five years of discussion of human-induced warming has failed to acknowledge fundamental ethical concerns, and subjects climate change’s most important policy questions to ethical analysis. This book examines why ethical principles have failed to gain traction in policy formation and recommends specific strategies to ensure that climate change policies are consistent with ethical principles. Because climate change is a global problem that requires a global solution and given that many nations refuse participation due to perceived inequities in proposed international solutions, this book explains why ensuring that nations, sub-national governments, organizations, businesses and individuals acknowledge and respond to their ethical obligations is both an ethical and practical mandate. This book is the first of its kind to go beyond a mere account of relevant ethical questions to offer a pragmatic guide on how to make ethical principles influential in formulating the world’s response to climate change. Written by Donald A. Brown, a leading voice in the field, it should be of interest to policy makers, and those studying environmental policy, climate change policy, international relations, environmental ethics and philosophy.



Ethics

Ethics Author Steven M. Cahn
ISBN-10 0195335961
Release 2009
Pages 935
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The most comprehensive anthology of its kind, Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues, Fourth Edition, provides the breadth and the depth to accommodate a variety of courses in ethics and contemporary moral problems. Its readings - unabridged where possible - are organized into three parts, essentially offering three books under one cover. Part I, Historical Sources, presents influential ethical theories spanning 2,500 years of philosophical thought, beginning in ancient Greece with the ideas of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle and continuing through to the twentieth-century ideas of Camus and Sartre. Part II, Modern Ethical Theory, explores the theoretical issues concerning the nature of moral judgments, the resolution of moral disagreements, and the evaluation of moral theories through the perspectives of major contemporary philosophers, including Baier, Brandt, Foot, Harman, Williams, and Wolf. Finally, Part III, Contemporary Moral Problems, offers opportunities to apply the theories of the first two parts; it contains arguments for and against such issues as abortion, euthanasia, animal rights, and torture.



Street smart Ethics

Street smart Ethics Author Clinton W. McLemore
ISBN-10 0664226280
Release 2003-01-01
Pages 186
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Success, as it is currently defined, usually depends on winning--beating the competition--which often places incredible pressures on business professionals. With engaging writing and a lack of jargon, this book navigates executives, managers, and supervisors through the ethical decisions they must make every day. Street-Smart Ethics is divided into three sections: a primer on ethics, a collection of Proverbs-based guidelines for staying out of trouble, and a self-test that contains true-false questions and ethical brainteasers.



William James Public Philosopher

William James  Public Philosopher Author George Cotkin
ISBN-10 0252063929
Release 1994-01-01
Pages 218
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William James Public Philosopher has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from William James Public Philosopher also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full William James Public Philosopher book for free.



Engineering Ethics Concepts and Cases

Engineering Ethics  Concepts and Cases Author Charles E. Harris, Jr.
ISBN-10 9781337670746
Release 2018-01-01
Pages 50
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Packed with examples pulled straight from recent headlines, ENGINEERING ETHICS, Sixth Edition, helps engineers understand the importance of their conduct as professionals as well as reflect on how their actions can affect the health, safety and welfare of the public and the environment. Numerous case studies give readers plenty of hands-on experience grappling with modern-day ethical dilemmas, while the book's proven and structured method for analysis walks readers step by step through ethical problem-solving techniques. It also offers practical application of the Engineering Code of Ethics and thorough coverage of critical moral reasoning, effective organizational communication, sustainability and economic development, risk management, ethical responsibilities, globalized standards for engineering and emerging challenges relating to evolving technology. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.



Ethnic Ethics

Ethnic Ethics Author Anthony J. Cortese
ISBN-10 9780791499863
Release
Pages 197
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This book explains and offers insights into the humanizing effects of the ethnic and cultural sources of moral values. The author provides an alternative to the concept of moral development formulated by Lawrence Kohlberg, arguing that morality is socially constructed, not based on rational principles of individuals. Cortese offers critical analyses of ethnicity and moral judgment, combining two controversial and central areas: morality and race relations. Critiquing the cognitive-developmental model, Cortese examines social class, gender, and ethnic differences in moral judgment and concludes that moral judgment reflects the structure of social relations, not the structure of human cognition. He carefully situates his own argument in relation to both Kolbergian theory and the feminist critique thereof.



Moral Mazes

Moral Mazes Author Robert Jackall
ISBN-10 9780199729883
Release 2010
Pages 294
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This classic study of ethics in business presents an eye-opening account of how corporate managers think the world works, and how big organizations shape moral consciousness. Robert Jackall takes the reader inside a topsy-turvy world where hard work does not necessarily lead to success, but sharp talk, self-promotion, powerful patrons, and sheer luck might. What sort of everyday rules-in-use do people play by when there are no fixed standards to explain why some succeed and others fail? In the words of one corporate manager, those rules boil down to this maxim: "What is right in the corporation is what the guy above you wants from you. That's what morality is in the corporation." This brilliant, disturbing, funny look at the ethos of the corporate world presents compelling real life stories of the men and women charged with running the businesses of America. This anniversary edition includes an afterword by the author linking the themes of Moral Mazes to the financial tsunami that engulfed the world economy in 2008.