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More About Software Requirements

More About Software Requirements Author Karl Wiegers
ISBN-10 9780735637214
Release 2005-12-20
Pages 224
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No matter how much instruction you’ve had on managing software requirements, there’s no substitute for experience. Too often, lessons about requirements engineering processes lack the no-nonsense guidance that supports real-world solutions. Complementing the best practices presented in his book, Software Requirements, Second Edition, requirements engineering authority Karl Wiegers tackles even more of the real issues head-on in this book. With straightforward, professional advice and practical solutions based on actual project experiences, this book answers many of the tough questions raised by industry professionals. From strategies for estimating and working with customers to the nuts and bolts of documenting requirements, this essential companion gives developers, analysts, and managers the cosmic truths that apply to virtually every software development project. Discover how to: • Make the business case for investing in better requirements practices • Generate estimates using three specific techniques • Conduct inquiries to elicit meaningful business and user requirements • Clearly document project scope • Implement use cases, scenarios, and user stories effectively • Improve inspections and peer reviews • Write requirements that avoid ambiguity



More about Software Requirements

More about Software Requirements Author Karl Eugene Wiegers
ISBN-10 0735622671
Release 2006
Pages 201
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Provides solutions to a variety of problems associated with the software development process.



More About Software Requirements

More About Software Requirements Author Karl E Wiegers
ISBN-10 8178530783
Release
Pages 224
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Have You Ever Delivered Software That Satisfied All Of The Project Specifications, But Failed To Meet Any Of The Customers' Expectations? Without Formal, Verifiable Requirements And A System For Managing Them The Result Is Often A Gap Between What Develop



Software Requirements

Software Requirements Author Karl Wiegers
ISBN-10 9780735679627
Release 2013-08-15
Pages 672
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Now in its third edition, this classic guide to software requirements engineering has been fully updated with new topics, examples, and guidance. Two leaders in the requirements community have teamed up to deliver a contemporary set of practices covering the full range of requirements development and management activities on software projects. Describes practical, effective, field-tested techniques for managing the requirements engineering process from end to end. Provides examples demonstrating how requirements "good practices" can lead to fewer change requests, higher customer satisfaction, and lower development costs. Fully updated with contemporary examples and many new practices and techniques. Describes how to apply effective requirements practices to agile projects and numerous other special project situations. Targeted to business analysts, developers, project managers, and other software project stakeholders who have a general understanding of the software development process. Shares the insights gleaned from the authors’ extensive experience delivering hundreds of software-requirements training courses, presentations, and webinars. New chapters are included on specifying data requirements, writing high-quality functional requirements, and requirements reuse. Considerable depth has been added on business requirements, elicitation techniques, and nonfunctional requirements. In addition, new chapters recommend effective requirements practices for various special project situations, including enhancement and replacement, packaged solutions, outsourced, business process automation, analytics and reporting, and embedded and other real-time systems projects.



Visual Models for Software Requirements

Visual Models for Software Requirements Author Anthony Chen
ISBN-10 9780735667761
Release 2012-07-15
Pages 480
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Apply best practices for capturing, analyzing, and implementing software requirements through visual models—and deliver better results for your business. The authors—experts in eliciting and visualizing requirements—walk you through a simple but comprehensive language of visual models that has been used on hundreds of real-world, large-scale projects. Build your fluency with core concepts—and gain essential, scenario-based context and implementation advice—as you progress through each chapter. Transcend the limitations of text-based requirements data using visual models that more rigorously identify, capture, and validate requirements Get real-world guidance on best ways to use visual models—how and when, and ways to combine them for best project outcomes Practice the book’s concepts as you work through chapters Change your focus from writing a good requirement to ensuring a complete system



Agile Software Requirements

Agile Software Requirements Author Dean Leffingwell
ISBN-10 0321685407
Release 2010-12-27
Pages 560
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“We need better approaches to understanding and managing software requirements, and Dean provides them in this book. He draws ideas from three very useful intellectual pools: classical management practices, Agile methods, and lean product development. By combining the strengths of these three approaches, he has produced something that works better than any one in isolation.” –From the Foreword by Don Reinertsen, President of Reinertsen & Associates; author of Managing the Design Factory; and leading expert on rapid product development Effective requirements discovery and analysis is a critical best practice for serious application development. Until now, however, requirements and Agile methods have rarely coexisted peacefully. For many enterprises considering Agile approaches, the absence of effective and scalable Agile requirements processes has been a showstopper for Agile adoption. In Agile Software Requirements, Dean Leffingwell shows exactly how to create effective requirements in Agile environments. Part I presents the “big picture” of Agile requirements in the enterprise, and describes an overall process model for Agile requirements at the project team, program, and portfolio levels Part II describes a simple and lightweight, yet comprehensive model that Agile project teams can use to manage requirements Part III shows how to develop Agile requirements for complex systems that require the cooperation of multiple teams Part IV guides enterprises in developing Agile requirements for ever-larger “systems of systems,” application suites, and product portfolios This book will help you leverage the benefits of Agile without sacrificing the value of effective requirements discovery and analysis. You’ll find proven solutions you can apply right now–whether you’re a software developer or tester, executive, project/program manager, architect, or team leader.



Software Requirements Using the Unified Process

Software Requirements Using the Unified Process Author Daniel R. Windle
ISBN-10 0130969729
Release 2003
Pages 260
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Software Requirements Using the Unified Process: A Practical Approach presents an easy-to-apply methodology for creating requirements. Learn to build user requirements, requirements architecture, and the specifications more quickly and at a lower cost. The authors present realistic solutions for the entire requirements process: gathering, analysis, specification, and maintenance.



Software Requirements

Software Requirements Author Soren Lauesen
ISBN-10 0201745704
Release 2002
Pages 591
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Most IT systems fail to meet expectations. They don't meet business goals and don't support users efficiently. Why? Because the requirements didn't address the right issues. Writing a good requirements specification doesn't take more time. This book shows how it s done - many times faster and many times smarter. What are the highlights? Two complete real-life requirements specifications (the traditional and the fast approach) and examples from many others. Explanations of both traditional and fast approaches, and discussions of their strengths and weaknesses in different project types (tailor-made, COTS, and product development). Real-life illustrations of all types of requirements, stakeholder analysis, cost/benefit and other techniques to ensure that business goals are met. Proven methods for dealing with difficult or complex requirements, such as specifying ease-of-use, or dealing with 200 reports that might be needed because they are in the old system. Who is it for? Everyone involved in the software supply chain, from analysts and developers to end users, will learn new techniques, benefit from requirements written by other specialists, and discover successes and failures from other companies. Software suppliers will find ideas for helping customers and writing competitive proposals. Programmers and other developers will learn how to express requirements without specifying technical details, and how to reduce risks when developing a system. Students aspiring to IT careers will learn the theory and practice of requirements engineering, and get a strong foundation for case studies and projects. Who is the author?Soren Lauesen is currently professor at the IT-University of Copenhagen. He has worked in the IT industry for 20 years and has been a professor at Copenhagen Business School for 15. He has been co-founder of three educational and two industrial development organizations. His industry projects have encompassed compilers, operating systems, process control, temporal databases, and software quality assurance. His research interests include human-computer interaction, requirements specification, object-oriented design, quality assurance, marketing and product development, and interaction between research and industry. He has a broad range of other interests ranging from biology to dancing and foreign cultures."



Software Requirement Patterns

Software Requirement Patterns Author Stephen Withall
ISBN-10 9780735646063
Release 2007-06-13
Pages 384
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Learn proven, real-world techniques for specifying software requirements with this practical reference. It details 30 requirement “patterns” offering realistic examples for situation-specific guidance for building effective software requirements. Each pattern explains what a requirement needs to convey, offers potential questions to ask, points out potential pitfalls, suggests extra requirements, and other advice. This book also provides guidance on how to write other kinds of information that belong in a requirements specification, such as assumptions, a glossary, and document history and references, and how to structure a requirements specification. A disturbing proportion of computer systems are judged to be inadequate; many are not even delivered; more are late or over budget. Studies consistently show one of the single biggest causes is poorly defined requirements: not properly defining what a system is for and what it’s supposed to do. Even a modest contribution to improving requirements offers the prospect of saving businesses part of a large sum of wasted investment. This guide emphasizes this important requirement need—determining what a software system needs to do before spending time on development. Expertly written, this book details solutions that have worked in the past, with guidance for modifying patterns to fit individual needs—giving developers the valuable advice they need for building effective software requirements



Practical Project Initiation

Practical Project Initiation Author Karl Wiegers
ISBN-10 9780735645783
Release 2007-08-08
Pages 240
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Zero in on key project-initiation tasks—and build a solid foundation for successful software development. In this concise guide, critically-acclaimed author Karl E. Wiegers fills a void in project management literature by focusing on the activities that are essential—but often overlooked—for launching any project. Drawing on his extensive experience, Karl shares lessons learned, proven practices, and tools for getting your project off to the right start—and steering it to ultimate success. Lay a foundation for project success—discover how to: Effectively charter a project Define meaningful criteria for project success and product releases Negotiate achievable commitments for project teams and stakeholders Identify and document potential barriers to success—and manage project risks Apply the Wideband Delphi method for more accurate estimation Measure project performance and avoid common metrics traps Systematically apply lessons learned to future projects Companion Web site includes: Worksheets from inside the book Project document templates Resources for project initiation and process improvement



The Quest for Software Requirements

The Quest for Software Requirements Author Roxanne E. Miller
ISBN-10 1595980679
Release 2009
Pages 327
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For the first time, provides the business analysis sector with over 2,000 probing questions to elicit nonfunctional software requirements



Relating Software Requirements and Architectures

Relating Software Requirements and Architectures Author Paris Avgeriou
ISBN-10 3642210015
Release 2011-08-03
Pages 387
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Why have a book about the relation between requirements and software architecture? Understanding the relation between requirements and architecture is important because the requirements, be they explicit or implicit, represent the function, whereas the architecture determines the form. While changes to a set of requirements may impact on the realization of the architecture, choices made for an architectural solution may impact on requirements, e.g., in terms of revising functional or non-functional requirements that cannot actually be met. Although research in both requirements engineering and software architecture is quite active, it is in their combination that understanding is most needed and actively sought. Presenting the current state of the art is the purpose of this book. The editors have divided the contributions into four parts: Part 1 “Theoretical Underpinnings and Reviews” addresses the issue of requirements change management in architectural design through traceability and reasoning. Part 2 “Tools and Techniques” presents approaches, tools, and techniques for bridging the gap between software requirements and architecture. Part 3 “Industrial Case Studies” then reports industrial experiences, while part 4 on “Emerging Issues” details advanced topics such as synthesizing architecture from requirements or the role of middleware in architecting for non-functional requirements. The final chapter is a conclusions chapter identifying key contributions and outstanding areas for future research and improvement of practice. The book is targeted at academic and industrial researchers in requirements engineering or software architecture. Graduate students specializing in these areas as well as advanced professionals in software development will also benefit from the results and experiences presented in this volume.



Practical Software Requirements

Practical Software Requirements Author Benjamin L. Kovitz
ISBN-10 1884777597
Release 1999
Pages 426
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By following the techniques in this book, it is possible to write requirements and specifications that customers, testers, programmers and technical writers will actually read, understand and use. These pages provide precise, practical instructions on how to distinguish requirements from design to produce clear solutions.



Software Requirements Specifications

Software Requirements   Specifications Author Michael James Jackson
ISBN-10 UOM:39015034860646
Release 1995
Pages 228
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With a spice of wit and illuminating illustration, this collection of 75 short pieces deals with topics in the field of software requirements analysis, specifications and design. The author emphasizes the need to structure and analyze problems, not just specify a solution.



The Software Requirements Memory Jogger

The Software Requirements Memory Jogger Author Ellen Gottesdiener
ISBN-10 157681114X
Release 2009-10-01
Pages 360
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How to Use The Software Requirements Memory JoggerTM The Software Requirements Memory Jogger™ is a quick reference guide for you to use on the job or as a supplement to your training. It is designed to facilitate communication between business and technical teams as they define requirements for software projects. It includes the tools, techniques, and models team members will use to elicit, analyze, specify, validate, and manage their software requirements. The book also contains a case study example, set off on a blue background, to show you how to use these tools, techniques, and models in each step of the process.Not sure what tool, technique, or model to use? Just refer to the User Requirements Model Roadmap in Chapter 4 to direct your efforts. Then refer to the "What Tools and Techniques Will I Use?" chart at the beginning of each chapter to guide you through the process of defining the requirements.Because many of the terms in this book may not be defined by readers in exactly the same way, we have included a glossary as one of the book's appendices, to ensure that all readers "speak the same language." The terms that are included in the glossary are shown in blue italics the first time they appear in the text, to let you know that the term is defined in the back of the book.You will also find a list of references and resources in the back of the book, in case you want to further your understanding of the tools and concepts in this Memory Jogger™. This list is not meant to be all-inclusive, but it does include the resources that the author felt would be the most helpful to the reader at the time of publication.We hope that you will find this book to be an invaluable tool that you will use often as you define, develop, and manage your requirements.Contents Acknowledgments ..iii Publisher's Note iv How to Use The Software Requirements Memory Jogger™ v 1. Overview of Software Requirements 1 2. Setting the Stage for Requirements Development 27 • Vision Statement • Glossary • Requirements Risk Mitigation Strategy 3. Elicit the Requirements 43 • Requirements Source List • Stakeholder Cate-gories • Stakeholder Profiles • Interviews with Stakeholders • Facilitated Workshops • Explora-tory Prototypes • Focus Groups • Observation • User Task Analysis • Existing Documentation Study • Surveys • Stakeholder Elicitation Plan 4. Analyze the Requirements 109 • Relationship Map • Process Map • Context Dia-gram • Event-Response Table • Business Policies • Actor Table • Use Cases • Dialog Map • Data Model • State Diagram • Business Rules • Good Modeling Practices • Prioritized Requirements 5. Specify the Requirements 231 • User Requirements Document • Software Requirements Specification Document 6. Validate the Requirements 261 • Peer Review • User Acceptance Tests • Model Validation • Operational Prototype 7. Manage the Requirements 281 • Change Control Policies and Procedures • Re-quirements Attributes • Requirements Trace Matrices 8. Adapting Requirements Practices to Projects 295 • Project Types • Change-Driven vs. Risk-Driven Projects Appendices 311 • References, Bibliography, and Additional Resources • Analysis Models • Verbs and Phrases to Use in Requirements Models • Software Requirements Specification Inspection Checklist • Quality Attributes and Their Metrics • Ambiguous Words and Phrases to Avoid When Describing Quality At-tributes • Questions for Requirements Retro-spectives • Glossary



Requirements by Collaboration

Requirements by Collaboration Author Ellen Gottesdiener
ISBN-10 0201786060
Release 2002
Pages 333
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"I spend much time helping organizations capture requirements and even more time helping them recover from not capturing requirements. Many of them have gone through some motions regarding requirements as if they were sleepworking. It's time to wake up and do it right-and this book is going to be their alarm clock." -Jerry Weinberg, author of numerous books on productivity enhancement "In today's complex, fast-paced software development environment, collaboration-the intense peer-to-peer conversations that result in products, decisions, and knowledge sharing-is absolutely essential to success. But all too often, attempts to collaborate degenerate into agonizing meetings or ineffectual bull sessions. Ellen's wonderful book will help you bridge the gap-turning the agony of meetings into the ecstasy of effective collaboration." -Jim Highsmith, a pioneer in adaptive software development methods "Requirements by Collaboration presents a wealth of practical tools and techniques for facilitating requirements development workshops. It is suitable-no, essential reading-for requirements workshop facilitators. It will help both technical people and customer representatives participate in these critical contributions to software success." -Karl Wiegers, Principal Consultant, Process Impact, author of Software Requirements "The need for this particular book, at this particular time, is crystal clear. We have entered a new age where software development must be viewed as a form of business problem solving. That means direct user participation in developing 'requirements,' or more accurately, in jointly working the business problem. That, in turn, means facilitated sessions. In this book, Ellen Gottesdiener provides a wealth of practical ideas for ensuring that you have exactly the right stuff for this all-important area of professional art." -Ronald G. Ross, Principal, Business Rule Solutions, LLC, Executive Editor, www.BRCommunity.com "Gottesdiener's years of software development experience coupled with her straight-forward writing style make her book a perfect choice for either a senior developer or a midlevel project manager. In addition to her technical experience, her knowledge of group dynamics balance the book by educating the reader on how to manage conflict and personality differences within a requirements team-something that is missing from most requirements textbooks...It is a required 'handbook' that will be referred to again and again." -Kay Christian, ebusiness Consultant, Conifer, Colorado "Requirements by Collaboration is a 'must read' for any system stakeholder. End users and system analysts will learn the significant value they can add to the systems development process. Management will learn the tremendous return they may receive from making a modest time/people investment in facilitated sessions. Facilitators will discover ways to glean an amazing amount of high-quality information in a relatively brief time." -Russ Schwartz, Computer System Quality Consultant, Global Biotechnology Firm "In addition to showing how requirements are identified, evaluated, and confirmed, Ellen provides important guidance based on her own real-world experience for creating and managing the workshop environment in which requirements are generated. This book is an engaging and invaluable resource for project teams and sponsors, both business and IT, who are committed to achieving results in the most productive manner possible." -Hal Thilmony, Senior Manager, Business Process Improvement (Finance), CiscoSystems, Inc. "Project managers should read this book for assistance with planning the requirements process. Experienced facilitators will enrich their knowledge. New facilitators can use this book to get them up to speed and become more effective in less time." -Rob Stroober, Competence Development Manager and Project Manager, Deloitte &Touche Consultdata, The Netherlands "While many books discuss the details of software requirement artifacts (for example, use cases), Ellen's new book zeros in on effective workshop techniques and tools used to gather the content of these artifacts. As a pioneer in requirements workshops, she shares her real-life experiences in a comprehensive and easy-to-read book with many helpful examples and diagrams." -Bill Bird, Aera Energy LLC "Requirements by Collaboration is absolutely full of guidance on the most effective ways to use workshops in requirements capture. This book will help workshop owners and facilitators to determine and gain agreement on a sound set of requirements, which will form a solid foundation for the development work that is to follow." -Jennifer Stapleton, Software Process Consultant and author of DSDM: The Methodin Practice "This book provides an array of techniques within a clear, structured process, along with excellent examples of how and when to use them. It's an excellent, practical, and really useful handbook written by a very experienced author!" -Jean-Anne Kirk, Director DSDM Consortium and IAF Professional Development "Ellen has written a detailed, comprehensive, and practical handbook for facilitating groups in gathering requirements. The processes she outlines give the facilitator tools to bring together very different perspectives from stakeholders elegantly and with practical, useable results." -Jo Nelson, Principal, ICA Associates, Inc., Chair, IAF (2001-2002) Requirements by Collaboration: Workshops for Defining Needs focuses on the human side of software development--how well we work with our customers and teammates. Experience shows that the quality and degree of participation, communication, respect, and trust among all the stakeholders in a project can strongly influence its success or failure. Ellen Gottesdiener points out that such qualities are especially important when defining user requirements and she shows in this book exactly what to do about that fact. Gottesdiener shows specifically how to plan and conduct requirements workshops. These carefully organized and facilitated meetings bring business managers, technical staff, customers, and users into a setting where, together, they can discover, evolve, validate, verify, and agree upon their product needs. Not only are their requirements more effectively defined through this collaboration, but the foundation is laid for good teamwork throughout the entire project. Other books focus on how to build the product right. Requirements by Collaboration focuses instead on what must come first--the right product to build.



Mastering the Requirements Process

Mastering the Requirements Process Author Suzanne Robertson
ISBN-10 9780132942843
Release 2012-08-06
Pages 600
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“If the purpose is to create one of the best books on requirements yet written, the authors have succeeded.” —Capers Jones Software can solve almost any problem. The trick is knowing what the problem is. With about half of all software errors originating in the requirements activity, it is clear that a better understanding of the problem is needed. Getting the requirements right is crucial if we are to build systems that best meet our needs. We know, beyond doubt, that the right requirements produce an end result that is as innovative and beneficial as it can be, and that system development is both effective and efficient. Mastering the Requirements Process: Getting Requirements Right, Third Edition, sets out an industry-proven process for gathering and verifying requirements, regardless of whether you work in a traditional or agile development environment. In this sweeping update of the bestselling guide, the authors show how to discover precisely what the customer wants and needs, in the most efficient manner possible. Features include The Volere requirements process for discovering requirements, for use with both traditional and iterative environments A specification template that can be used as the basis for your own requirements specifications Formality guides that help you funnel your efforts into only the requirements work needed for your particular development environment and project How to make requirements testable using fit criteria Checklists to help identify stakeholders, users, non-functional requirements, and more Methods for reusing requirements and requirements patterns New features include Strategy guides for different environments, including outsourcing Strategies for gathering and implementing requirements for iterative releases “Thinking above the line” to find the real problem How to move from requirements to finding the right solution The Brown Cow model for clearer viewpoints of the system Using story cards as requirements Using the Volere Knowledge Model to help record and communicate requirements Fundamental truths about requirements and system development