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Multiphase Flow Analysis Using Population Balance Modeling

Multiphase Flow Analysis Using Population Balance Modeling Author Guan Heng Yeoh
ISBN-10 9780080982335
Release 2013-08-19
Pages 384
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Written by leading multiphase flow and CFD experts, this book enables engineers and researchers to understand the use of PBM and CFD frameworks. Population balance approaches can now be used in conjunction with CFD, effectively driving more efficient and effective multiphase flow processes. Engineers familiar with standard CFD software, including ANSYS-CFX and ANSYS–Fluent, will be able to use the tools and approaches presented in this book in the effective research, modeling and control of multiphase flow problems. Builds a complete understanding of the theory behind the application of population balance models and an appreciation of the scale-up of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and population balance modeling (PBM) to a variety of engineering and industry applications in chemical, pharmaceutical, energy and petrochemical sectors The tools in this book provide the opportunity to incorporate more accurate models in the design of chemical and particulate based multiphase processes Enables readers to translate theory to practical use with CFD software



Optimization of Micro Processes in Fine Particle Agglomeration by Pelleting Flocculation

Optimization of Micro Processes in Fine Particle Agglomeration by Pelleting Flocculation Author Benjamin Oyegbile
ISBN-10 9781315671871
Release 2016-06-22
Pages 122
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Efficient particle separation in order to meet stringent regulatory standards represent one of the biggest challenges facing the process industry operators today. Emerging environmental problems such as climate change, population growth and natural resource depletion make it more compelling to undertake research into alternative phase separation techniques and optimization of existing ones. Meeting this challenge requires innovative, revolutionary and integrated approach in the design and optimization of various unit processes in fine particle separation. Flocculation is widely used as an effective phase separation technique across many process industries such as water and wastewater treatment and in minerals processing. In this work, a new pre-treatment technique was developed using a patented bench scale reactor unit as a technical proof of concept. Furthermore, the book provides a valuable insight into the hydrodynamics and fluid-particle interactions within the agglomeration units. The relatively high solids content of the stable pellets (approximately 30 %) and very low residual turbidity of the post-sedimentation supernatant (7 NTU) clearly demonstrate the potential of this technique. In addition to significantly improving the subsequent solid-liquid separation efficiency, this study also showed that the effluent can be recycled back into the sewer network or utilized for non-portable reuse. The findings obtained from this research will be extremely useful in the scaling up and optimization of the reactor system.



Computational Techniques for Multiphase Flows

Computational Techniques for Multiphase Flows Author Guan Heng Yeoh
ISBN-10 0080914896
Release 2009-10-07
Pages 664
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Mixed or multiphase flows of solid/liquid or solid/gas are commonly found in many industrial fields, and their behavior is complex and difficult to predict in many cases. The use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) has emerged as a powerful tool for the understanding of fluid mechanics in multiphase reactors, which are widely used in the chemical, petroleum, mining, food, beverage and pharmaceutical industries. Computational Techniques for Multiphase Flows enables scientists and engineers to the undertand the basis and application of CFD in muliphase flow, explains how to use the technique, when to use it and how to interpret the results and apply them to improving aplications in process enginering and other multiphase application areas including the pumping, automotive and energy sectors. Understandable guide to a complex subject Important in many industries Ideal for potential users of CFD



Numerical Simulation of Multiphase Reactors with Continuous Liquid Phase

Numerical Simulation of Multiphase Reactors with Continuous Liquid Phase Author Chao Yang
ISBN-10 9780124115798
Release 2014-09-04
Pages 320
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Numerical simulation of multiphase reactors with continuous liquid phase provides current research and findings in multiphase problems, which will assist researchers and engineers to advance this field. This is an ideal reference book for readers who are interested in design and scale-up of multiphase reactors and crystallizers, and using mathematical model and numerical simulation as tools. Yang and Mao’s book focuses on modeling and numerical applications directly in the chemical, petrochemical, and hydrometallurgical industries, rather than theories of multiphase flow. The content will help you to solve reacting flow problems and/or system design/optimization problems. The fundamentals and principles of flow and mass transfer in multiphase reactors with continuous liquid phase are covered, which will aid the reader’s understanding of multiphase reaction engineering. Provides practical applications for using multiphase stirred tanks, reactors, and microreactors, with detailed explanation of investigation methods. Presents the most recent research efforts in this highly active field on multiphase reactors and crystallizers. Covers mathematical models, numerical methods and experimental techniques for multiphase flow and mass transfer in reactors and crystallizers.



Multiphase Flow and Fluidization

Multiphase Flow and Fluidization Author Dimitri Gidaspow
ISBN-10 9780080512266
Release 2012-12-02
Pages 467
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Useful as a reference for engineers in industry and as an advanced level text for graduate engineering students, Multiphase Flow and Fluidization takes the reader beyond the theoretical to demonstrate how multiphase flow equations can be used to provide applied, practical, predictive solutions to industrial fluidization problems. Written to help advance progress in the emerging science of multiphase flow, this book begins with the development of the conservation laws and moves on through kinetic theory, clarifying many physical concepts (such as particulate viscosity and solids pressure) and introducing the new dependent variable--the volume fraction of the dispersed phase. Exercises at the end of each chapterare provided for further study and lead into applications not covered in the text itself. Treats fluidization as a branch of transport phenomena Demonstrates how to do transient, multidimensional simulation of multiphase processes The first book to apply kinetic theory to flow of particulates Is the only book to discuss numerical stability of multiphase equations and whether or not such equations are well-posed Explains the origin of bubbles and the concept of critical granular flow Presents clearly written exercises at the end of each chapter to facilitate understanding and further study



Computational Fluid Dynamics

Computational Fluid Dynamics Author Jiyuan Tu
ISBN-10 9780081012444
Release 2018-02-06
Pages 498
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Computational Fluid Dynamics: A Practical Approach, Third Edition, is an introduction to CFD fundamentals and commercial CFD software to solve engineering problems. The book is designed for a wide variety of engineering students new to CFD, and for practicing engineers learning CFD for the first time. Combining an appropriate level of mathematical background, worked examples, computer screen shots, and step-by-step processes, this book walks the reader through modeling and computing, as well as interpreting CFD results. This new edition has been updated throughout, with new content and improved figures, examples and problems. Includes a new chapter on practical guidelines for mesh generation Provides full coverage of high-pressure fluid dynamics and the meshless approach to provide a broader overview of the application areas where CFD can be used Includes online resources with a new bonus chapter featuring detailed case studies and the latest developments in CFD



Multiphase reacting flows modelling and simulation

Multiphase reacting flows  modelling and simulation Author Daniele L. Marchisio
ISBN-10 9783211724644
Release 2007-10-16
Pages 269
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This book describes the most widely applicable modeling approaches. Chapters are organized in six groups covering from fundamentals to relevant applications. The book covers particle-based methods and also discusses Eulerian-Eulerian and Eulerian-Lagrangian techniques based on finite-volume schemes. Moreover, the possibility of modeling the poly-dispersity of the secondary phases in Eulerian-Eulerian schemes by solving the population balance equation is discussed.



Population Balances

Population Balances Author Doraiswami Ramkrishna
ISBN-10 9780080539249
Release 2000-08-08
Pages 355
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Engineers encounter particles in a variety of systems. The particles are either naturally present or engineered into these systems. In either case these particles often significantly affect the behavior of such systems. This book provides a framework for analyzing these dispersed phase systems and describes how to synthesize the behavior of the population particles and their environment from the behavior of single particles in their local environments. Population balances are of key relevance to a very diverse group of scientists, including astrophysicists, high-energy physicists, geophysicists, colloid chemists, biophysicists, materials scientists, chemical engineers, and meteorologists. Chemical engineers have put population balances to most use, with applications in the areas of crystallization; gas-liquid, liquid-liquid, and solid-liquid dispersions; liquid membrane systems; fluidized bed reactors; aerosol reactors; and microbial cultures. Ramkrishna provides a clear and general treatment of population balances with emphasis on their wide range of applicability. New insight into population balance models incorporating random particle growth, dynamic morphological structure, and complex multivariate formulations with a clear exposition of their mathematical derivation is presented. Population Balances provides the only available treatment of the solution of inverse problems essential for identification of population balance models for breakage and aggregation processes, particle nucleation, growth processes, and more. This book is especially useful for process engineers interested in the simulation and control of particulate systems. Additionally, comprehensive treatment of the stochastic formulation of small systems provides for the modeling of stochastic systems with promising new areas of applications such as the design of sterilization systems and radiation treatment of cancerous tumors. A clear and general treatment of population balances with emphasis on their wide range of applicability. Thus all processes involving solid-fluid and liquid-liquid dispersions, biological populations, etc. are encompassed Provides new insight into population balance models incorporating random particle growth, dynamic morphological structure, and complex multivariate formulations with a clear exposition of their mathematical derivation Presents a wide range of solution techniques, Monte Carlo simulation methods with a lucid exposition of their origin and scope for enhancing computational efficiency An account of self-similar solutions of population balance equations and their significance to the treatment of data on particulate systems The only available treatment of the solution of inverse problems essential for identification of population balance models for breakage and aggregation processes, particle nucleation and growth processes and so on A comprehensive treatment of the stochastic formulation of small systems with several new applications



Computational Fluid Dynamics for Engineers

Computational Fluid Dynamics for Engineers Author Bengt Andersson
ISBN-10 9781139505567
Release 2011-12-22
Pages
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Computational fluid dynamics, CFD, has become an indispensable tool for many engineers. This book gives an introduction to CFD simulations of turbulence, mixing, reaction, combustion and multiphase flows. The emphasis on understanding the physics of these flows helps the engineer to select appropriate models to obtain reliable simulations. Besides presenting the equations involved, the basics and limitations of the models are explained and discussed. The book combined with tutorials, project and power-point lecture notes (all available for download) forms a complete course. The reader is given hands-on experience of drawing, meshing and simulation. The tutorials cover flow and reactions inside a porous catalyst, combustion in turbulent non-premixed flow, and multiphase simulation of evaporation spray respectively. The project deals with design of an industrial-scale selective catalytic reduction process and allows the reader to explore various design improvements and apply best practice guidelines in the CFD simulations.



Chemical Reactor Modeling

Chemical Reactor Modeling Author Hugo A. Jakobsen
ISBN-10 9783319050928
Release 2014-04-02
Pages 1535
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Chemical Reactor Modeling closes the gap between Chemical Reaction Engineering and Fluid Mechanics. The second edition consists of two volumes: Volume 1: Fundamentals. Volume 2: Chemical Engineering Applications In volume 1 most of the fundamental theory is presented. A few numerical model simulation application examples are given to elucidate the link between theory and applications. In volume 2 the chemical reactor equipment to be modeled are described. Several engineering models are introduced and discussed. A survey of the frequently used numerical methods, algorithms and schemes is provided. A few practical engineering applications of the modeling tools are presented and discussed. The working principles of several experimental techniques employed in order to get data for model validation are outlined. The monograph is based on lectures regularly taught in the fourth and fifth years graduate courses in transport phenomena and chemical reactor modeling and in a post graduate course in modern reactor modeling at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, Trondheim, Norway. The objective of the book is to present the fundamentals of the single-fluid and multi-fluid models for the analysis of single and multiphase reactive flows in chemical reactors with a chemical reactor engineering rather than mathematical bias. Organized into 13 chapters, it combines theoretical aspects and practical applications and covers some of the recent research in several areas of chemical reactor engineering. This book contains a survey of the modern literature in the field of chemical reactor modeling.



Bubbles Drops and Particles

Bubbles  Drops  and Particles Author R. Clift
ISBN-10 9780486317748
Release 2013-04-22
Pages 400
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This volume offers a unified treatment and critical review of the literature related to the fluid dynamics, heat transfer, and mass transfer of single bubbles, drops, and particles. 1978 edition.



Direct Numerical Simulations of Gas Liquid Multiphase Flows

Direct Numerical Simulations of Gas   Liquid Multiphase Flows Author Grétar Tryggvason
ISBN-10 9781139496704
Release 2011-03-10
Pages
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Accurately predicting the behaviour of multiphase flows is a problem of immense industrial and scientific interest. Modern computers can now study the dynamics in great detail and these simulations yield unprecedented insight. This book provides a comprehensive introduction to direct numerical simulations of multiphase flows for researchers and graduate students. After a brief overview of the context and history the authors review the governing equations. A particular emphasis is placed on the 'one-fluid' formulation where a single set of equations is used to describe the entire flow field and interface terms are included as singularity distributions. Several applications are discussed, showing how direct numerical simulations have helped researchers advance both our understanding and our ability to make predictions. The final chapter gives an overview of recent studies of flows with relatively complex physics, such as mass transfer and chemical reactions, solidification and boiling, and includes extensive references to current work.



Computational Fluid Dynamics in Fire Engineering

Computational Fluid Dynamics in Fire Engineering Author Guan Heng Yeoh
ISBN-10 0080570038
Release 2009-04-20
Pages 544
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Fire and combustion presents a significant engineering challenge to mechanical, civil and dedicated fire engineers, as well as specialists in the process and chemical, safety, buildings and structural fields. We are reminded of the tragic outcomes of ‘untenable’ fire disasters such as at King’s Cross underground station or Switzerland’s St Gotthard tunnel. In these and many other cases, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is at the forefront of active research into unravelling the probable causes of fires and helping to design structures and systems to ensure that they are less likely in the future. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is routinely used as an analysis tool in fire and combustion engineering as it possesses the ability to handle the complex geometries and characteristics of combustion and fire. This book shows engineering students and professionals how to understand and use this powerful tool in the study of combustion processes, and in the engineering of safer or more fire resistant (or conversely, more fire-efficient) structures. No other book is dedicated to computer-based fire dynamics tools and systems. It is supported by a rigorous pedagogy, including worked examples to illustrate the capabilities of different models, an introduction to the essential aspects of fire physics, examination and self-test exercises, fully worked solutions and a suite of accompanying software for use in industry standard modeling systems. · Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is widely used in engineering analysis; this is the only book dedicated to CFD modeling analysis in fire and combustion engineering · Strong pedagogic features mean this book can be used as a text for graduate level mechanical, civil, structural and fire engineering courses, while its coverage of the latest techniques and industry standard software make it an important reference for researchers and professional engineers in the mechanical and structural sectors, and by fire engineers, safety consultants and regulators · Strong author team (CUHK is a recognized centre of excellence in fire eng) deliver an expert package for students and professionals, showing both theory and applications. Accompanied by CFD modeling code and ready to use simulations to run in industry-standard ANSYS-CFX and Fluent software.



Handbook of Atomization and Sprays

Handbook of Atomization and Sprays Author Nasser Ashgriz
ISBN-10 1441972641
Release 2011-02-18
Pages 935
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Atomization and sprays are used in a wide range of industries: mechanical, chemical, aerospace, and civil engineering; material science and metallurgy; food; pharmaceutical, forestry, environmental protection; medicine; agriculture; meteorology and others. Some specific applications are spray combustion in furnaces, gas turbines and rockets, spray drying and cooling, air conditioning, powdered metallurgy, spray painting and coating, inhalation therapy, and many others. The Handbook of Atomization and Sprays will bring together the fundamental and applied material from all fields into one comprehensive source. Subject areas included in the reference are droplets, theoretical models and numerical simulations, phase Doppler particle analysis, applications, devices and more.



Computational Models for Polydisperse Particulate and Multiphase Systems

Computational Models for Polydisperse Particulate and Multiphase Systems Author Daniele L. Marchisio
ISBN-10 9780521858489
Release 2013-03-28
Pages 508
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All-inclusive introduction to polydisperse multiphase flows linking theory to practice through numerous real-world examples and MATLAB scripts for key algorithms.



Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power Contemporary Research

Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power     Contemporary Research Author Arun K. Saha
ISBN-10 9788132227434
Release 2016-09-20
Pages 1701
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This volume comprises the proceedings of the 42nd National and 5th International Conference on Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power held at IIT Kanpur in December, 2014.The conference proceedings encapsulate the best deliberations held during the conference. The diversity of participation in the conference, from academia, industry and research laboratories reflects in the articles appearing in the volume. This contributed volume has articles from authors who have participated in the conference on thematic areas such as Fundamental Issues and Perspectives in Fluid Mechanics; Measurement Techniques and Instrumentation; Computational Fluid Dynamics; Instability, Transition and Turbulence; Turbomachinery; Multiphase Flows; Fluid‐Structure Interaction and Flow‐Induced Noise; Microfluidics; Bio‐inspired Fluid Mechanics; Internal Combustion Engines and Gas Turbines; and Specialized Topics. The contents of this volume will prove useful to researchers from industry and academia alike.



Computational Models for Polydisperse Particulate and Multiphase Systems

Computational Models for Polydisperse Particulate and Multiphase Systems Author Daniele L. Marchisio
ISBN-10 9781107328174
Release 2013-03-28
Pages
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Providing a clear description of the theory of polydisperse multiphase flows, with emphasis on the mesoscale modelling approach and its relationship with microscale and macroscale models, this all-inclusive introduction is ideal whether you are working in industry or academia. Theory is linked to practice through discussions of key real-world cases (particle/droplet/bubble coalescence, break-up, nucleation, advection and diffusion and physical- and phase-space), providing valuable experience in simulating systems that can be applied to your own applications. Practical cases of QMOM, DQMOM, CQMOM, EQMOM and ECQMOM are also discussed and compared, as are realizable finite-volume methods. This provides the tools you need to use quadrature-based moment methods, choose from the many available options, and design high-order numerical methods that guarantee realizable moment sets. In addition to the numerous practical examples, MATLAB scripts for several algorithms are also provided, so you can apply the methods described to practical problems straight away.