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Nanomaterials for Photocatalytic Chemistry

Nanomaterials for Photocatalytic Chemistry Author Yugang Sun
ISBN-10 9789813142015
Release 2016-09-09
Pages 300
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This book concentrates on the emerging area of the utilization of (solar) photon energy for catalyzing useful chemical reactions (also called artificial photosynthesis) including water splitting, CO2 reduction, selective epoxidation, selective alcohol oxidation, coupling reactions, etc. The chapters in this book cover topics ranging from materials design at nanometer scale to nanomaterials synthesis to photocatalytically chemical conversion. This book can serve as a useful reference for those new to this field of research or already engaged in it, from graduate students to postdoctoral fellows and practicing researchers.

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials Author Guozhong Cao
ISBN-10 9789813100770
Release 2011-01-03
Pages 596
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This is the 2nd edition of the original “Nanostructures and Nanomaterials” written by Guozhong Cao and published by Imperial College Press in 2004. This important book focuses not only on the synthesis and fabrication of nanostructures and nanomaterials, but also includes properties and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials, particularly inorganic nanomaterials. It provides balanced and comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals and processing techniques with regard to synthesis, characterization, properties, and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials. Both chemical processing and lithographic techniques are presented in a systematic and coherent manner for the synthesis and fabrication of 0-D, 1-D, and 2-D nanostructures, as well as special nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes and ordered mesoporous oxides. The book will serve as a general introduction to nanomaterials and nanotechnology for teaching and self-study purposes.

Polyoxometalate Chemistry

Polyoxometalate Chemistry Author Francis Secheresse
ISBN-10 9789814458986
Release 2013
Pages 360
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The book highlights recent prominent results in the domain of the synthesis of new polyoxometalates with a specific attention to polyoxothioanions, and provides some novelties and perspectives in selected domains such as magnetism, luminescence and nanochemistry, and macroions self-assembly in solutions. The case of OC one-potOCO syntheses often used and reported in POMs synthesis is studied in terms of more complex solution speciation processes related to highly dynamical situation connected to factors such as pH, ionic strength, reaction time, temperature, counterion nature, concentration of starting materials, presence of electron donors and redox potentials. The behavior of macroions (2nm-6nm size range) in solution is shown to be quite different from the simple ionic solution or colloidal systems (DebyeOCoHuckel model). Their self-assembling into a single-layered, spherical, hollow vesicle structure, namely the OC blackberryOCO structure, is clearly described. Examples of spin clusters with tunable interactions are given and single molecule magnets based on POMs are specifically tackled. Besides paramagnetic transition metal centres and lanthanoid ions encapsulated in archetypal lacunary polyoxoanions, magnetically functionalized Kleperates are described, their discovery tracing back nearly 15 years.

Nanostructured Titanium Dioxide Materials

Nanostructured Titanium Dioxide Materials Author Ali Reza Khataee
ISBN-10 9789814374729
Release 2012
Pages 196
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During the past decade, research and development in the area of synthesis and applications of different nanostructured titanium dioxide have become tremendous. This book briefly describes properties, production, modification and applications of nanostructured titanium dioxide focusing in particular on photocatalytic activity. The physicochemical properties of nanostructured titanium dioxide are highlighted and the links between properties and applications are emphasized. The preparation of TiO2 nanomaterials, including nanoparticles, nanorods, nanowires, nanosheets, nanofibers, and nanotubes are primarily categorized by their preparation method (sol-gel and hydrothermal processes). Examples of early applications of nanostructured titanium dioxide in dye-sensitized solar cells, hydrogen production and storage, sensors, rechargeable batteries, electrocatalysis, self-cleaning and antibacterial surfaces and photocatalytic cancer treatment are reviewed. The review of modifications of TiO2 nanomaterials is mainly focused on the research related to the modifications of the optical properties of TiO2 nanomaterials, since many applications of TiO2 nanomaterials are closely related to their optical properties. Photocatalytic removal of various pollutants using pure TiO2 nanomaterials, TiO2-based nanoclays and non-metal doped nanostructured TiO2 are also discussed.

Annual Review of Nano Research

Annual Review of Nano Research Author Guozhong Cao
ISBN-10 9789812705648
Release 2006
Pages 628
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The first volume in an exciting new series, Annual Review of Nano Research, this formidable collection of review articles sees renowned contributors from eight different countries tackle the most recent advances in nanofabrication, nanomaterials and nanostructures.The broad coverage of topics in nanotechnology and nanoscience also includes a special focus on the hot topic of biomedical applications of nanomaterials. The important names contributing to the volume include: M R Bockstaller (USA), L Duclaux (France), S Forster (Germany), W Fritzsche (Germany), L Jiang (China), C Lopez (Spain), W J Parak (Germany), B Samori (Italy), U S Schubert (The Netherlands), S Shinkai (Japan), A Stein (USA), S M Hou (China), and Y N Xia (USA).The volume serves both as a handy reference for experts active in the field and as an excellent introduction to scientists whose expertise lies elsewhere but who are interested in learning about this cutting-edge research area.

Gold Nanoparticles For Physics Chemistry And Biology Second Edition

Gold Nanoparticles For Physics  Chemistry And Biology  Second Edition Author Louis Catherine
ISBN-10 9781786341266
Release 2017-06-02
Pages 680
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Gold Nanoparticles for Physics, Chemistry and Biology offers an overview of recent research into gold nanoparticles, covering their discovery, usage and contemporary practical applications. This Second Edition begins with a history of over 2000 years of the use of gold nanoparticles, with a review of the specific properties which make gold unique. Updated chapters include gold nanoparticle preparation methods, their plasmon resonance and thermo-optical properties, their catalytic properties and their future technological applications. New chapters have been included, and reveal the growing impact of plasmonics in research, with an introduction to quantum plasmonics, plasmon assisted catalysis and electro-photon conversion. The growing field of nanoparticles for health is also addressed with a study of gold nanoparticles as radiosensibiliser for radiotherapy, and of gold nanoparticle functionalisation. This new edition also considers the relevance of bimetallic nanoparticles for specific applications. World-class scientists provide the most up-to-date findings for an introduction to gold nanoparticles within the related areas of chemistry, biology, material science, optics and physics. It is perfectly suited to advanced level students and researchers looking to enhance their knowledge in the study of gold nanoparticles.

Nanomaterials For Energy Conversion And Storage

Nanomaterials For Energy Conversion And Storage Author Wang Dunwei
ISBN-10 9781786343642
Release 2017-11-10
Pages 836
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The use of nanomaterials in energy conversion and storage represents an opportunity to improve the performance, density and ease of transportation in renewable resources. This book looks at the most recent research on the topic, with particular focus on artificial photosynthesis and lithium-ion batteries as the most promising technologies to date. Research on the broad subject of energy conversion and storage calls for expertise from a wide range of backgrounds, from the most fundamental perspectives of the key catalytic processes at the molecular level to device scale engineering and optimization. Although the nature of the processes dictates that electrochemistry is a primary characterization tool, due attention is given to advanced techniques such as synchrotron studies in operando. These studies look at the gap between the performance of current technology and what is needed for the future, for example how to improve on the lithium-ion battery and to go beyond its capabilities. Suitable for students and practitioners in the chemical, electrochemical, and environmental sciences, Nanomaterials for Energy Conversion and Storage provides the information needed to find scalable, economically viable and safe solutions for sustainable energy. Contents: The Principle of Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting (Peiyan Ma and Dunwei Wang)Semiconducting Photocatalysis for Solar Hydrogen Conversion (Shaohua Shen and Jie Chen)Visible-Light-Driven Photocatalysis (Qingzhe Zhang, Yanlong Liu, Zhenhe Xu, Yue Zhao, Mohamed Chaker and Dongling Ma)Metal-Nitride Nanostructures: Emerging Catalysts for Artificial Photosynthesis (Md Golam Kibria, Bandar AlOtaibi and Zetian Mi)Surface Engineering of Semiconductors for Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting (Gongming Wang, Yi Yang and Yat Li)Photoanodic and Photocathodic Materials Applied for Free-Running Solar Water Splitting Devices (Miao Zhong, Hiroyuki Kaneko, Taro Yamada and Kazunari Domen)Electrocatalytic Processes in Energy Technologies (Yang Huang, Min Zeng, Qiufang Gong and Yanguang Li)Soft X-Ray Spectroscopy on Photocatalysis (Yi-Sheng Liu, Cheng-Hao Chuang and Jinghua Guo)Photoelectrochemical Tools for the Assessment of Energy Conversion Devices (Isaac Herraiz-Cardona and Sixto Gimenez)Fundamentals of Rechargable Batteries and Electrochemical Potentials of Electrode Materials (Chaofeng Liu and Guozhong Cao)Revitalized Interest in Vanadium Pentoxide as Cathode Material for Alkali-Ion Batteries (Yanwei Li, Jinhuan Yao, Robert C Massé, Evan Uchaker and Guozhong Cao)Tin-Based Compounds as Anode Materials for Lithium-Ion Storage (Ming Zhang and Guozhong Cao)Beyond Li-Ion: Electrode Materials for Sodium- and Magnesium-Ion Batteries (Robert Massé, Evan Uchaker and Guozhong Cao)Nanomaterials and Nanostructures for Regulating Ions and Electron Transport in Advanced Energy Storage Devices (Yu Wang and Wei-Hong Zhong) Readership: Students, researchers and practitioners in the chemical, electrochemical, and environmental sciences. Keywords: Nanomaterials;Lithium-Ion Batteries;Electrochemistry;Energy Conversion;Energy Storage;Artificial PhotosynthesisReview:0

Inorganic Nanomaterials from Nanotubes to Fullerene like Nanoparticles

Inorganic Nanomaterials from Nanotubes to Fullerene like Nanoparticles Author Reshef Tenne
ISBN-10 9814343382
Release 2013
Pages 312
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Following the striking discovery of carbon fullerenes and carbon nanotubes, it was realized by the author and his teammates in 1992, that such nanostructures are not unique to carbon. This book takes the reader from the discovery stage, through to the systematic effort to synthesize IF and INT in larger amounts and elucidate their structure.

Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water

Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water Author Anita Street
ISBN-10 9781455731855
Release 2014-05-15
Pages 704
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Nanotechnology is already having a dramatic impact on improving water quality and the second edition of Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water highlights both the challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection. This book presents detailed information on cutting-edge technologies, current research, and trends that may impact the success and uptake of the applications. Recent advances show that many of the current problems with water quality can be addressed using nanosorbents, nanocatalysts, bioactive nanoparticles, nanostructured catalytic membranes, and nanoparticle enhanced filtration. The book describes these technologies in detail and demonstrates how they can provide clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems. In addition, the book addresses the societal factors that may affect widespread acceptance of the applications. Sections are also featured on carbon nanotube arrays and graphene-based sensors for contaminant sensing, nanostructured membranes for water purification, and multifunctional materials in carbon microspheres for the remediation of chlorinated hydrocarbons. Addresses both the technological aspects of delivering clean water supplies and the societal implications that affect take-up Details how the technologies are applied in large-scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems Highlights challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection

Synthesis And Applications Of Optically Active Nanomaterials

Synthesis And Applications Of Optically Active Nanomaterials Author Fan Hongyou
ISBN-10 9789813223004
Release 2017-06-28
Pages 124
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In this book, the synthesis and applications of recent nanomaterials are discussed and reviewed in detail. The scope of the book covers from nanocrystals and their self-assembly, synthesis and applications of optically active porphyrin particles, and synthesis and applications of carbon nanodots. Depending on the categories of the materials, detailed driving forces to self-assembly of the cluster or arrays are discussed. Finally, major applications of each category nanomaterial are discussed. Nanomaterials discussed in this book are important building blocks for nanoelectronic and nanophotonic device fabrications. Methods to synthesize and functionalize them are crucial to enable their applications in these areas. This book provides readers with detailed description and discussions on synthesis and functionalization of recent optically active nanomaterials. This book is an important tool for researchers in the nanomaterial field. It will be also a great reference for college students to master overall knowledge in the field.

Black Tio2 Nanomaterials For Energy Applications

Black Tio2 Nanomaterials For Energy Applications Author Chen Xiaobo
ISBN-10 9781786341679
Release 2016-12-08
Pages 332
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The transformation of titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanomaterials from white to black using disorder engineering has meant a dramatic increase in their performance in photocatalytic experiments. The efficiency with which black TiO2 nanomaterials can use sunlight to split water molecules for the production of hydrogen is significantly improved compared to using white crystals, and this pure hydrogen can then be used in batteries and fuels. The black TiO2 nanomaterials are also very promising in CO2 conversion, water treatment, and in air quality control. This book aims to present the recent progress on the research of black TiO2 nanomaterials, and how they can be used in a number of clean energy applications. The text covers a number of research topics, including the synthesis of black TiO2 nanomaterials (nanoparticles, nanowires and nanotubes) and their properties, the effect of point defects and ordered/disordered morphology, the applications in charge storage and photoelectrochemical water splitting, use in lithium ion batteries and in microwave absorption. Also included is a theoretical analysis of this research, thereby providing a comprehensive review of the subject for students, researchers and practitioners in catalytic science, materials science, nanotechnology, green technology, and chemistry.

Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World

Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World Author Eric Lichtfouse
ISBN-10 940072442X
Release 2011-11-27
Pages 410
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Environmental chemistry is a fast developing science aimed at deciphering fundamental mechanisms ruling the behaviour of pollutants in ecosystems. Applying this knowledge to current environmental issues leads to the remediation of environmental media, and to new, low energy, low emission, sustainable processes. Nanotechnology applications for alternative energies such as solar power, fuel cells, hydrogen and lithium batteries are reviewed in the first section. Recent investigations on carbon nanotubes, nanocatalysts and cyclodextrins disclose unprecedented techniques to monitor and clean pollutants such as greenhouse gases, heavy metals, pesticides, pathogens occurring in water, air and soil. The second section reviews the risks for human health of critical pollutants such as endocrine disruptors, dioxins and heavy metals contaminating seafood and sediments. An exhaustive review of DDT isomers reveals unexpected mechanisms of DDT transfer to fishes. A chapter on pollutant geochronology using river sedimentary archives provides novel insights on pollution history since the beginning of the anthropocene. This book will be a valuable source of information for engineers and students developing novel applied techniques to monitor and clean pollutants in air, wastewater, soils and sediments.

Elaboration And Applications Of Metal organic Frameworks

Elaboration And Applications Of Metal organic Frameworks Author Ma Shengqian
ISBN-10 9789813226746
Release 2018-01-29
Pages 732
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Elaboration And Applications Of Metal organic Frameworks has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Elaboration And Applications Of Metal organic Frameworks also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Elaboration And Applications Of Metal organic Frameworks book for free.

Pore Scale Phenomena

Pore Scale Phenomena Author J. M. Poate
ISBN-10 9814623059
Release 2015
Pages 482
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The field of pore scale phenomena is now emerging as one of the frontiers of science and many engineering disciplines. Transport phenomena in the subsurface of the earth play key roles in the energy and environmental domains. For example, the shale gas and oil boom is revolutionizing the world's energy portfolio. Pore scale phenomena from the nanoscale to mesoscale dominate the extraction of these resources. Similarly in the environmental domain, pore storage and pore-scale physics affect the availability of water resources and protecting its quality. Water flow and vapor transport in the pores near the land surface is critical to understanding soil water evaporation in the context of local and global hydrologic cycles affecting climate and climate change. Pore scale phenomena similarly play critical roles in the domain of materials science and biology. For example, many energy devices and membrane technologies are controlled by the physical and chemical properties of the pores. Identifying and analyzing the properties of these pores has emerged as a frontier of characterization science. This book provides, for the first time, a comprehensive overview of the fascinating interrelationship between engineering and science. The authors and contributors are recognized experts from the faculty of the Colorado School of Mines, Northwestern and Stanford. This book will appeal to earth and environmental scientists, materials scientists, physicists and chemists.

Nanotechnology in Environmental Science

Nanotechnology in Environmental Science Author Prof. Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
ISBN-10 9783527808847
Release 2018-02-05
Pages 331
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An overview of the current state of nanotechnology-based devices with applications in environmental science, focusing on nanomaterials and polymer nanocomposites. The handbook pays special attention to those nanotechnology-based approaches that promise easier, faster and cheaper processes in environmental monitoring and remediation. Furthermore, it presents up-to-date information on the economics, toxicity and regulations related to nanotechnology in detail. The book closes with a look at the role of nanotechnology for a green and sustainable future. With its coverage of existing and soon-to-be-realized devices this is an indispensable reference for both academic and corporate R&D.

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials Author Guozhong Cao
ISBN-10 9789814324557
Release 2011
Pages 581
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This text focuses on the synthesis, properties and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials, particularly inorganic nanomaterials. It provides coverage of the fundamentals and processing techniques with regard to synthesis, properties, characterization and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials.

Fundamentals of Nanotransistors

Fundamentals of Nanotransistors Author Mark Lundstrom
ISBN-10 9789814571753
Release 2017-07-11
Pages 388
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The transistor is the key enabler of modern electronics. Progress in transistor scaling has pushed channel lengths to the nanometer regime where traditional approaches to device physics are less and less suitable. These lectures describe a way of understanding MOSFETs and other transistors that is much more suitable than traditional approaches when the critical dimensions are measured in nanometers. It uses a novel, “bottom-up approach” that agrees with traditional methods when devices are large, but that also works for nano-devices. Surprisingly, the final result looks much like the traditional, textbook, transistor models, but the parameters in the equations have simple, clear interpretations at the nanoscale. The objective is to provide readers with an understanding of the essential physics of nanoscale transistors as well as some of the practical technological considerations and fundamental limits. This book is written in a way that is broadly accessible to students with only a very basic knowledge of semiconductor physics and electronic circuits. Complemented with online lecture by Prof Lundstrom: nanoHUB-U Nanoscale Transistor Contents:MOSFET Fundamentals:OverviewThe Transistor as a Black BoxThe MOSFET: A Barrier-Controlled DeviceMOSFET IV: Traditional ApproachMOSFET IV: The Virtual Source ModelMOS Electrostatics:Poisson Equation and the Depletion ApproximationGate Voltage and Surface PotentialMobile Charge: Bulk MOSMobile Charge: Extremely Thin SOI2D MOS ElectrostaticsThe VS Model RevisitedThe Ballistic MOSFET:The Landauer Approach to TransportThe Ballistic MOSFETThe Ballistic Injection VelocityConnecting the Ballistic and VS ModelsTransmission Theory of the MOSFET:Carrier Scattering and TransmissionTransmission Theory of the MOSFETConnecting the Transmission and VS ModelsVS Characterization of Transport in NanotransistorsLimits and Limitations Readership: Any student and professional with an undergraduate degree in the physical sciences or engineering.