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Nanomedicine

Nanomedicine Author Thomas J Webster
ISBN-10 9780857096449
Release 2012-10-19
Pages 704
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Nanotechnology is at the forefront of advances in medicine. Nanomedicine: Technologies and applications provides an important review of this exciting technology and its growing range of applications. After an introduction to nanomedicine, part one discusses key materials and their properties, including nanocrystalline metals and alloys, nanoporous gold and hydroxyapatite coatings. Part two goes on to review nanomedicine for therapeutics and imaging, before nanomedicine for soft tissue engineering is discussed in part three, including organ regeneration, skin grafts, nanotubes and self-assembled nanomaterials. Finally, nanomedicine for bone and cartilage tissue engineering is the focus of part four, with electrically active biocomposites as smart scaffolds investigated, as is cartilage and bone tissue engineering, regeneration and replacement. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Nanomedicine: Technologies and applications is an indispensable guide for all those involved in the research, development and application of this exciting technology, whilst providing a comprehensive introduction for students and academics interested in this field. Provides an important review of nanomedicine technology and its growing range of applications Discusses key nanomedicine materials and their properties, including nanocrystalline metals and alloys, nanoporous gold and hydroxyapatite coatings Reviews nanomedicine for therapeutics and imaging and nanomedicine for soft tissue engineering



Fundamental Biomaterials Ceramics

Fundamental Biomaterials  Ceramics Author Sabu Thomas
ISBN-10 9780081022047
Release 2018-02-16
Pages 498
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Fundamental Biomaterials: Ceramics provides current information on ceramics and their conversion from base materials to medical devices. Initial chapters review biomedical applications and types of ceramics, with subsequent sections focusing on the properties of ceramics, and on corrosion, degradation and wear of ceramic biomaterials. The book is ideal for researchers and professionals in the development stages of design, but is also helpful to medical researchers who need to understand and communicate the requirements of a biomaterial for a specific application. This title is the second in a three volume set, with each reviewing the most important and commonly used classes of biomaterials and providing comprehensive information on material properties, behavior, biocompatibility and applications. In addition, with the recent introduction of a number of interdisciplinary bio-related undergraduate and graduate programs, this book will be an appropriate reference volume for large number of students at undergraduate and post graduate levels Provides current information on findings and developments of ceramics and their conversion from base materials to medical devices Includes analyses of the types of ceramics and a discussion of a range of biomedical applications and essential properties, including information on corrosion, degradation and wear, and lifetime prediction of ceramic biomaterials Explores both theoretical and practical aspects of ceramics in biomaterials



Biomimetic Biomaterials

Biomimetic Biomaterials Author Andrew J Ruys
ISBN-10 9780857098887
Release 2013-09-30
Pages 344
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A significant proportion of modern medical technology has been developed through biomimetics, which is biologically inspired by studying pre-existing functioning systems in nature. Typical biomimetically inspired biomaterials include nano-biomaterials, smart biomaterials, hybrid biomaterials, nano-biocomposites, hierarchically porous biomaterials and tissue scaffolds. This important book summarises key research in this important field. The book is divided into two parts: Part one is devoted to the biomimetics of biomaterials themselves while part two provides overviews and case studies of tissue engineering applications from a biomimetics' perspective. The book has a strong focus on cutting edge biomimetically inspired biomaterials including chitin, hydrogels, calcium phosphates, biopolymers and anti-thrombotic coatings. Since many scaffolds for skin tissue engineering are biomimetically inspired, the book also has a strong focus on the biomimetics of tissue engineering in the repair of bone, skin, cartilage, soft tissue and specific organs. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Biomimetic biomaterials is a standard reference for both the biomaterials research community and clinicians involved in such areas as bone regeneration, skin tissue and wound repair. Places strong focus on cutting edge biomimetically-inspired biomaterials including chitin, hydrogels, calcium phosphates, biopolymers and anti-thrombotic coatings Provides overviews and case studies of tissue engineering applications from a biomimetics perspective Also places focus on the biomimetics of tissue engineering in the repair of bone, skin, cartilage, soft tissue and specific organs



Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications

Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications Author Hélder A. Santos
ISBN-10 9780857097156
Release 2014-02-14
Pages 558
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Porous silicon has a range of properties, making it ideal for drug delivery, cancer therapy, and tissue engineering. Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications provides a comprehensive review of this emerging nanostructured and biodegradable biomaterial. Chapters in part one focus on the fundamentals and properties of porous silicon for biomedical applications, including thermal properties and stabilization, photochemical and nonthermal chemical modification, protein-modified porous silicon films, and biocompatibility of porous silicon. Part two discusses applications in bioimaging and sensing, and explores the optical properties of porous silicon materials; in vivo imaging assessment and radiolabelling of porous silicon; and nanoporous silicon biosensors for DNA sensing and for bacteria detection. Finally, part three highlights drug loading and characterization of porous silicon materials, tumor targeting and imaging, and porous silicon scaffolds for functional tissue engineering, stem cell growth, and osteodifferentiation. With its acclaimed editor and international team of expert contributors, Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications is a technical resource and indispensable guide for all those involved in the research, development, and application of porous silicon and other biomaterials, while providing a comprehensive introduction for students and academics interested in the field. Comprehensive review of porous silicon focusing on the fabrication and properties of this emerging material Specifically discusses drug delivery and orthopedic applications of porous silicon Aimed at materials researchers and scientists in the biomaterials industry – particularly those concerned with drug delivery and orthopedics



Core Shell Nanostructures for Drug Delivery and Theranostics

Core Shell Nanostructures for Drug Delivery and Theranostics Author Maria Focarete
ISBN-10 9780081021996
Release 2018-07-12
Pages 466
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Core-Shell Nanostructures for Drug Delivery and Theranostics: Challenges, Strategies and Prospects for Novel Carrier Systems contains valuable chapters that deal with the fundamentals of nanotechnology for drug delivery, recent developments and research in core-shell nanoparticles for drug-delivery and theranostic applications, and the potential and applications of core-shell nanofiber. This book is a highly valuable resource for scientists interested in the design and development of innovative drug delivery systems, researchers and graduate/postdoctoral students engaged in biomaterials for drug delivery, and R&D managers in the biomaterials and pharmaceutical industry. Focuses on core-shell nanoparticles and nanofiber for innovative applications, including cancer therapy, controlled release and multi-drug release Considers future prospects and potential new applications of core-shell nanostructures for drug delivery and theranostics Explains the principles and essential concepts of nanotechnology for drug delivery systems



Biomaterials for Cancer Therapeutics

Biomaterials for Cancer Therapeutics Author Kinam Park
ISBN-10 9780857096760
Release 2013-11-23
Pages 530
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Cancer can affect people of all ages, and approximately one in three people are estimated to be diagnosed with cancer during their lifetime. Extensive research is being undertaken by many different institutions to explore potential new therapeutics, and biomaterials technology is now being developed to target, treat and prevent cancer. This unique book discusses the role and potential of biomaterials in treating this prevalent disease. The first part of the book discusses the fundamentals of biomaterials for cancer therapeutics. Chapters in part two discuss synthetic vaccines, proteins and polymers for cancer therapeutics. Part three focusses on theranosis and drug delivery systems, whilst the final set of chapters look at biomaterial therapies and cancer cell interaction. This extensive book provides a complete overview of the latest research into the potential of biomaterials for the diagnosis, therapy and prevention of cancer. Biomaterials for cancer therapeutics is an essential text for academics, scientists and researchers within the biomedical industry, and will also be of interest to clinicians with a research interest in cancer therapies and biomaterials. A complete overview of the latest research into the potential of biomaterials for the diagnosis, therapy and prevention of cancer Discusses the fundamentals of biomaterials for cancer therapeutics Discusses synthetic vaccines, proteins and polymers for cancer therapeutics



Rapid Prototyping of Biomaterials

Rapid Prototyping of Biomaterials Author Roger Narayan
ISBN-10 9780857097217
Release 2014-02-13
Pages 328
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Rapid Prototyping of Biomaterials: Principles and Applications provides a comprehensive review of established and emerging rapid prototyping technologies (such as bioprinting) for medical applications. Rapid prototyping, also known as layer manufacturing, additive manufacturing, solid freeform fabrication, or 3D printing, can be used to create complex structures and devices for medical applications from solid, powder, or liquid precursors. Following a useful introduction, which provides an overview of the field, the book explores rapid prototyping of nanoscale biomaterials, biosensors, artificial organs, and prosthetic limbs. Further chapters consider the use of rapid prototyping technologies for the processing of viable cells, scaffolds, and tissues. With its distinguished editor and international team of renowned contributors, Rapid Prototyping of Biomaterials is a useful technical resource for scientists and researchers in the biomaterials and tissue regeneration industry, as well as in academia. Comprehensive review of established and emerging rapid prototyping technologies (such as bioprinting) for medical applications Chapters explore rapid prototyping of nanoscale biomaterials, biosensors, artificial organs, and prosthetic limbs Examines the use of rapid prototyping technologies for the processing of viable cells, scaffolds, and tissues



Fundamental Biomaterials Polymers

Fundamental Biomaterials  Polymers Author Sabu Thomas
ISBN-10 9780081021958
Release 2018-03-20
Pages 352
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Fundamental Biomaterials: Polymers provides current information on findings and developments of biopolymers and their conversion from base materials to medical devices. Chapters analyze the types of polymers and discuss a range of biomedical applications. It is the first title in a three volume set, with each reviewing the most important and commonly used classes of biomaterials and providing comprehensive information on classification, materials properties, behavior, biocompatibility and applications. The book concludes with essential information on wear, lifetime prediction and cytotoxicity of biomaterials. This title will be of use to researchers and professionals in development stages, but will also help medical researchers understand and effectively communicate the requirements of a biomaterial for a specific application. Further, with the recent introduction of a number of interdisciplinary bio-related undergraduate and graduate programs, this book will be an appropriate reference volume for large number of students at undergraduate and post graduate levels. Provides current information on findings and developments of biopolymers and their conversion from base materials to medical devices Includes analyses of the types of polymers and a discussion of a range of biomedical applications Presents essential information on wear, lifetime prediction and cytotoxicity of biomaterials Explores both theoretical and practical aspects of polymers in biomaterials



Characterization of Biomaterials

Characterization of Biomaterials Author M Jaffe
ISBN-10 9780857093684
Release 2012-12-19
Pages 334
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Biomaterials and medical devices must be rigorously tested in the laboratory before they can be implanted. Testing requires the right analytical techniques. Characterization of biomaterials reviews the latest methods for analyzing the structure, properties and behaviour of biomaterials. Beginning with an introduction to microscopy techniques for analyzing the phase nature and morphology of biomaterials, Characterization of biomaterials goes on to discuss scattering techniques for structural analysis, quantitative assays for measuring cell adhesion, motility and differentiation, and the evaluation of cell infiltration and tissue formation using bioreactors. Further topics considered include studying molecular-scale protein-surface interactions in biomaterials, analysis of the cellular genome and abnormalities, and the use of microarrays to measure cellular changes induced by biomaterials. Finally, the book concludes by outlining standards and methods for assessing the safety and biocompatibility of biomaterials. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Characterization of biomaterials is an authoritative reference tool for all those involved in the development, production and application of biomaterials. Reviews the latest methods for analyzing the structure, properties and behaviour of biomaterials Discusses scattering techniques for structural analysis, quantitative assays for measuring cell adhesion, and motility and differentiation Examines the evaluation of cell infiltration and tissue formation using bioreactors



Nanomaterials in Tissue Engineering

Nanomaterials in Tissue Engineering Author A K Gaharwar
ISBN-10 9780857097231
Release 2013-07-31
Pages 468
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Nanomaterial technologies can be used to fabricate high-performance biomaterials with tailored physical, chemical, and biological properties. They are therefore an area of interest for emerging biomedical technologies such as scaffolding, tissue regeneration, and controlled drug delivery. Nanomaterials in tissue engineering explores the fabrication of a variety of nanomaterials and the use of these materials across a range of tissue engineering applications. Part one focuses on the fabrication of nanomaterials for tissue engineering applications and includes chapters on engineering nanoporous biomaterials, layer-by-layer self-assembly techniques for nanostructured devices, and the synthesis of carbon based nanomaterials. Part two goes on to highlight the application of nanomaterials in soft tissue engineering and includes chapters on cardiac, neural, and cartilage tissue engineering. Finally, the use of nanomaterials in hard tissue engineering applications, including bone, dental and craniofacial tissue engineering is discussed in part three. Nanomaterials in tissue engineering is a standard reference for researchers and tissue engineers with an interest in nanomaterials, laboratories investigating biomaterials, and academics interested in materials science, chemical engineering, biomedical engineering and biological sciences. Explores the fabrication of a variety of nanomaterials and their use across a range of tissue engineering applications Examines engineering nanoporous biomaterials, layer-by-layer self-assembly techniques for nanostructured devices, and the synthesis of carbon based nanomaterials Highlights the application of nanomaterials in soft tissue engineering and includes chapters on cardiac, neural, and cartilage tissue engineering



Bioactive Glasses

Bioactive Glasses Author Heimo Ylänen
ISBN-10 9780081009376
Release 2017-09-15
Pages 426
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Bioactive Glasses: Materials, Properties and Applications, Second Edition provides revised, expanded and updated content on the current status of this unique material, including its properties, technologies and applications. The book is suitable for those active in the biomaterials and bioengineering field, and includes eight new chapters that cover material types, computational modeling, coatings and applications. Chapters deal with the materials and mechanical properties of bioactive glass and the applications of bioactive glasses, covering their uses in wound healing, maxillofacial surgery and bone tissue engineering, among other topics. With its distinguished editor and expert team of international contributors, the book is an invaluable reference for researchers and scientists in the field of biomaterials, both in academia and industry. Provides a detailed review of bioactive glasses, their properties, technologies and applications Comprehensively covers the materials and mechanical properties of bioactive glass and their further applications, including wound healing, maxillofacial surgery and bone tissue engineering Suitable for those active in the biomaterials and bioengineering field



Drug Device Combination Products

Drug Device Combination Products Author Andrew Lewis
ISBN-10 9781845697488
Release 2009-12-15
Pages 560
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Drug delivery systems represent a vast area of research and development within biomaterials and medicine and the demand for sophisticated drug delivery devices continues to drive novel product development. Advanced drug delivery devices can offer significant advantages over conventional drugs and devices alone, such as increased efficiency, improved performance and convenience. The purpose of this book is to illustrate how effective drug delivery can be achieved by means other than tablets. The book will provide a thorough analysis of the fundamentals, applications and new technologies of drug-device combination products for use throughout the human body. Part one provides readers with an introduction and background to the field. Chapters in Part two discuss areas of application such as catheter based products, drug eluting stents and beads and anti-biotic loaded cements. Part three covers the development of drug device combination products with chapters on such topics as pre-clinical testing, sterilisation, patent issues and regulation of drug device combination products. With its distinguished editor and team of international contributors, Drug-device combination products: delivery technologies and applications is an invaluable reference for product development specialists, materials scientists and engineers in the biomedical industry and academia as well as those concerned with drug delivery. Illustrates how effective drug delivery can be achieved by means other than tablets providing readers with a comprehensive introduction and background to the field Provides a thorough analysis of the fundamentals, applications and new technologies of drug device combination products Discusses areas of application such as catheter based products and reviews the development of drug device combination products including pre-clinical testing and sterilisation



Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications

Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications Author Lígia Rodrigues
ISBN-10 9780081007464
Release 2016-09-24
Pages 544
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Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications examines the inspiration of natural materials and their interpretation as modern biomaterials. With a strong focus on therapeutic and diagnostic applications, the book also examines the development and manipulation of bioinspired materials in regenerative medicine. The first set of chapters is heavily focused on bioinspired solutions for the delivery of drugs and therapeutics that also offer information on the fundamentals of these materials. Chapters in part two concentrate on bioinspired materials for diagnosis applications with a wide coverage of sensor and imaging systems With a broad coverage of the applications of bioinspired biomaterials, this book is a valuable resource for biomaterials researchers, clinicians, and scientists in academia and industry, and all those who wish to broaden their knowledge in the allied field. Explores how materials designed and produced with inspiration from nature can be used to enhance man-made biomaterials and medical devices Brings together the two fields of biomaterials and bioinspired materials Written by a world-class team of research scientists, engineers, and clinicians



Semiconducting Silicon Nanowires for Biomedical Applications

Semiconducting Silicon Nanowires for Biomedical Applications Author J.L. Coffer
ISBN-10 9780857097712
Release 2014-02-17
Pages 296
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Biomedical applications have benefited greatly from the increasing interest and research into semiconducting silicon nanowires. Semiconducting Silicon Nanowires for Biomedical Applications reviews the fabrication, properties, and applications of this emerging material. The book begins by reviewing the basics, as well as the growth, characterization, biocompatibility, and surface modification, of semiconducting silicon nanowires. It goes on to focus on silicon nanowires for tissue engineering and delivery applications, including cellular binding and internalization, orthopedic tissue scaffolds, mediated differentiation of stem cells, and silicon nanoneedles for drug delivery. Finally, it highlights the use of silicon nanowires for detection and sensing. These chapters explore the fabrication and use of semiconducting silicon nanowire arrays for high-throughput screening in the biosciences, neural cell pinning on surfaces, and probe-free platforms for biosensing. Semiconducting Silicon Nanowires for Biomedical Applications is a comprehensive resource for biomaterials scientists who are focused on biosensors, drug delivery, and tissue engineering, and researchers and developers in industry and academia who are concerned with nanoscale biomaterials, in particular electronically-responsive biomaterials. Reviews the growth, characterization, biocompatibility, and surface modification of semiconducting silicon nanowires Describes silicon nanowires for tissue engineering and delivery applications, including cellular binding and internalization, orthopedic tissue scaffolds, mediated differentiation of stem cells, and silicon nanoneedles for drug delivery Highlights the use of silicon nanowires for detection and sensing



Self assembling Biomaterials

Self assembling Biomaterials Author Helena S. Azevedo
ISBN-10 9780081020128
Release 2018-04-17
Pages 612
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Self-assembling biomaterials: molecular design, characterization and application in biology and medicine provides a comprehensive coverage on an emerging area of biomaterials science, spanning from conceptual designs to advanced characterization tools and applications of self-assembling biomaterials, and compiling the recent developments in the field. Molecular self-assembly, the autonomous organization of molecules, is ubiquitous in living organisms and intrinsic to biological structures and function. Not surprisingly, the exciting field of engineering artificial self-assembling biomaterials often finds inspiration in Biology. More important, materials that self-assemble speak the language of life and can be designed to seamlessly integrate with the biological environment, offering unique engineering opportunities in bionanotechnology. The book is divided in five parts, comprising design of molecular building blocks for self-assembly; exclusive features of self-assembling biomaterials; specific methods and techniques to predict, investigate and characterize self-assembly and formed assemblies; different approaches for controlling self-assembly across multiple length scales and the nano/micro/macroscopic properties of biomaterials; diverse range of applications in biomedicine, including drug delivery, theranostics, cell culture and tissue regeneration. Written by researchers working in self-assembling biomaterials, it addresses a specific need within the Biomaterials scientific community. Explores both theoretical and practical aspects of self-assembly in biomaterials Includes a dedicated section on characterization techniques, specific for self-assembling biomaterials Examines the use of dynamic self-assembling biomaterials



New Functional Biomaterials for Medicine and Healthcare

New Functional Biomaterials for Medicine and Healthcare Author Elena P. Ivanova
ISBN-10 9781782422662
Release 2014-02-13
Pages 244
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New Functional Biomaterials for Medicine and Healthcare provides a concise summary of the latest developments in key types of biomaterials. The book begins with an overview of the use of biomaterials in contemporary healthcare and the process of developing novel biomaterials; the key issues and challenges associated with the design of complex implantable systems are also highlighted. The book then reviews the main materials used in functional biomaterials, particularly their properties and applications. Individual chapters focus on both natural and synthetic polymers, metallic biomaterials, and bio-inert and bioactive ceramics. Advances in processing technologies and our understanding of materials and their properties have made it possible for scientists and engineers to develop more sophisticated biomaterials with more targeted functionality. New Functional Biomaterials for Medicine and Healthcare provides an ideal one-volume summary of this important field that represents essential reading for scientists, engineers, and clinicians, and a useful reference text for undergraduate and postgraduate students. Provides a concise summary of the latest developments in key types of biomaterials Highlights key issues and challenges associated with the design of complex implantable systems Chapters focus on both natural and synthetic polymers, metallic biomaterials, and bio-inert and bioactive ceramics



Electrofluidodynamic Technologies EFDTs for Biomaterials and Medical Devices

Electrofluidodynamic Technologies  EFDTs  for Biomaterials and Medical Devices Author Vincenzo Guarino
ISBN-10 9780081017463
Release 2018-01-21
Pages 426
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Electrofluidodynamic Technologies (EFDTs) for Biomaterials and Medical Devices: Principles and Advances focuses on the fundamentals of EFDTs - namely electrospinning, electrospraying and electrodynamic atomization - to develop active platforms made of synthetic or natural polymers for use in tissue engineering, restoration and therapeutic treatments. The first part of this book deals with main technological aspects of EFDTs, such as basic technologies and the role of process parameters. The second part addresses applications of EFDTs in biomedical fields, with chapters on their application in tissue engineering, molecular delivery and implantable devices. This book is a valuable resource for materials scientists, biomedical engineers and clinicians alike. Presents a complete picture of Electrofluidodynamic technologies and their use in biomedicine Provides a comprehensive, professional reference on the subject, covering materials processing, fabrication and the use of novel devices for tissue engineering and therapeutics Focuses on technological advances, with an emphasis on studies and clinical trials