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Nanoneuroscience and Nanoneuropharmacology

Nanoneuroscience and Nanoneuropharmacology Author Hari S. Sharma
ISBN-10 0080962246
Release 2009-12-03
Pages 264
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This volume presents articles from the leading experts in the field in nanobiotechnology, providing students and researchers with a comprehensive review of the newly emerging area of neuroscience. All aspects of nanomaterials induced alteration in brain function are considered. Basic chapters on methods and ways to enhance nano-drug delivery into the brain are presented as well as chapters on functional and structural changes in the CNS, including gene expression and related issues. Particular attention is given to possible therapeutic advancement regarding nano-drug formulation and their role in neuroprotection.



The Mathematical Brain Across the Lifespan

The Mathematical Brain Across the Lifespan Author
ISBN-10 9780444637024
Release 2016-06-20
Pages 416
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The Mathematical Brain Across the Lifespan is the latest volume in the Progress in Brain Research series that focuses on new trends and developments. This established international series examines major areas of basic and clinical research within the neurosciences, as well as popular and emerging subfields. Provides a comprehensive review of the most recent progress in the mathematical brain across the lifespan Explores new trends and developments in the field Enhances the literature of neuroscience by further expanding the established, ongoing international series Progress in Brain Research



Brain Computer Interfaces Lab Experiments to Real World Applications

Brain Computer Interfaces  Lab Experiments to Real World Applications Author
ISBN-10 9780128092620
Release 2016-08-27
Pages 434
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Brain-Computer Interfaces: Lab Experiments to Real-World Applications, the latest volume in the Progress in Brain Research series, focuses on new trends and developments. This established international series examines major areas of basic and clinical research within the neurosciences, as well as popular and emerging subfields. Explores new trends and developments in brain research Enhances the literature of neuroscience by further expanding this established, ongoing international series Examines major areas of basic and clinical research within the field



New Horizons in Neurovascular Coupling A Bridge Between Brain Circulation and Neural Plasticity

New Horizons in Neurovascular Coupling  A Bridge Between Brain Circulation and Neural Plasticity Author
ISBN-10 9780444637062
Release 2016-04-26
Pages 298
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New Horizons in Neurovascular Coupling: A Bridge Between Brain Circulation and Neural Plasticity is the latest volume in the Progress in Brain Research series that focuses on new trends and developments in neurovascular coupling. This established international series examines major areas of basic and clinical research within the neurosciences, as well as popular and emerging subfields. This volume takes an integrated approach to review and summarize some of the most recent progress reported on the connection between brain circulation and neural plasticity. Explores new trends and developments in basic and clinical research in the neurovascular coupling subfield of neuroscience Uses an integrated approach to review and summarize recent progress Emphasizes potential applications in a clinical setting Enhances the literature of neuroscience by further expanding the established, ongoing international series Progress in Brain Research



Neuroscience for Addiction Medicine From Prevention to Rehabilitation Methods and Interventions

Neuroscience for Addiction Medicine  From Prevention to Rehabilitation   Methods and Interventions Author
ISBN-10 9780444637406
Release 2016-01-30
Pages 488
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Neuroscience for Addiction Medicine: From Prevention to Rehabilitation - Methods and Interventions is the latest volume from Progress in Brain Research focusing on new trends and developments in addiction research. This established international series examines major areas of basic and clinical research within neuroscience, as well as popular emerging subfields such as addiction. This volume takes an integrated approach to review and summarize some of the most recent progress from the subfield of addiction research, with particular emphasis on potential applications in a clinical setting. Explores new trends and developments in basic and clinical research in the addiction subfield of neuroscience Uses an integrated approach to review and summarize recent progress Emphasizes potential applications in a clinical setting Enhances the literature of neuroscience by further expanding the established international series Progress in Brain Research



Music Neurology and Neuroscience Evolution the Musical Brain Medical Conditions and Therapies

Music  Neurology  and Neuroscience  Evolution  the Musical Brain  Medical Conditions  and Therapies Author
ISBN-10 9780444635525
Release 2015-03-02
Pages 292
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Did you ever ask whether music makes people smart, why a Parkinson patient's gait is improved with marching tunes, and whether Robert Schumann was suffering from schizophrenia or Alzheimer's disease? This broad but comprehensive book deals with history and new discoveries about music and the brain. It provides a multi-disciplinary overview on music processing, its effects on brain plasticity, and the healing power of music in neurological and psychiatric disorders. In this context, the disorders the plagued famous musicians and how they affected both performance and composition are critically discussed, and music as medicine, as well as music as a potential health hazard are examined. Among the other topics covered are: how music fit into early conceptions of localization of function in the brain, the cultural roots of music in evolution, and the important roles played by music in societies and educational systems. Topic: Music is interesting to almost everybody Orientation: This book looks at music and the brain both historically and in the light of the latest research findings Comprehensiveness: This is the largest and most comprehensive volume on "music and neurology" ever written! Quality of authors: This volume is written by a unique group of real world experts representing a variety of fields, ranging from history of science and medicine to neurology and musicology



Grandes reas da nanoci ncia e suas aplica es

Grandes   reas da nanoci  ncia e suas aplica    es Author Marystela Ferreira
ISBN-10 9788535280937
Release 2016-06-04
Pages 304
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A série "Nanociência e Nanotecnologia: Princípios e Aplicações" é uma obra completa com 22 capítulos, distribuídos em 3 volumes, redigidos por especialistas e cientistas renomados, em língua portuguesa, atualizada e com grande profundidade técnica e acuidade científica. O livro foi organizado e redigido para o leitor que necessite de uma revisão rápida, mas profunda, dos conhecimentos básicos do nanomundo. O texto aborda os conceitos básicos e os princípios fundamentais da Nanociência e da Nanotecnologia, além de temas de vanguarda como agronegócio, nanossensores, filmes nanoestruturados e simulação computacional aplicada a nanoestruturas. Capítulos avançados sobre técnicas de nanocaracterização foram incluídos para alunos de iniciação científica e pós-graduação que realizam pesquisa científica experimental. Tópicos de mecânica quântica e simulação computacional, temas ainda não abordados em livros nacionais da área de nanociência, foram redigidos com linguagem fácil e objetiva, com aplicações e ilustrações. Novas linhas de pesquisa como Nanomedicina, Nanoeletrônica e Nanoneurobiofísica foram introduzidas orientando o leitor para as novas perspectivas e os avanços para a próxima década. Trata-se de uma obra imprescindível nos cursos de graduação em Nanociência e nos cursos de pós-graduação em áreas como Biologia, Biotecnologia, Física, Materiais, Medicina, Química e áreas afins, é envolvente e demonstra a seriedade com que os autores redigiram os capítulos, reforçando os conceitos de linguagem acadêmica, conceitos relevantes e simplicidade.



Recent Advances in Parkinsons Disease

Recent Advances in Parkinsons Disease Author
ISBN-10 9780444536242
Release 2010-08-20
Pages 332
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This first volume starts with an overview on current perspectives in genetic research and on the molecular mechanisms of neurodegeneration. This is followed by a selection of hot topics in pathophysiological research, from molecular studies to system-level investigations based on in vivo electrophysiological recordings and neurocomputational methods. Complete overview of hot topics and approaches to current PD research, from molecules, to brain circuits, to clinical and therapeutic applications. Leading authors review the state-of-the-art in their field of investigation, and provide their views and perspectives for future research. All chapters include comprehensive background information and are written in a clear form that is accessible also to the non-specialist.



Visual Perception

Visual Perception Author Tom Cornsweet
ISBN-10 9780323148214
Release 2012-12-02
Pages 492
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Visual Perception explores fundamental topics underlying the field of visual perception, including the perception of brightness and color, the physics of light, and the optics of the eye. Although the text leans heavily on physical and physiological concepts, explanations of the relevant physics and physiology are considered. This book is organized into 16 chapters and begins with an overview of the relationship between information assimilation and the physiology of the visual system based on data gathered both in physiological and perceptual experiments. More specifically, this text discusses the nature of the human perceptual system in terms of the kinds of information that are assimilated from the world, and how this selection of information is governed by the structure of receptors and the neural circuits that are connected to them. The relationships between symbols and their corresponding physical and physiological variables are also examined. Finally, the book addresses the presence of strong lateral inhibition in the visual system and how it fits the concept of evolution. This book is aimed at undergraduate and graduate students, regardless of their academic backgrounds.



Brain Protection in Schizophrenia Mood and Cognitive Disorders

Brain Protection in Schizophrenia  Mood and Cognitive Disorders Author Michael S. Ritsner
ISBN-10 904818553X
Release 2010-06-16
Pages 663
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Neuroprotection is a novel perspective for the treatment of disorders that lead to neurodegeneration and disabilities as a result of deterioration of neurons due to apoptosis, oxidative stress, excitotoxicity, and other mechanisms. These mechanisms have implications not only for neurodegenerative disorders, but also for schizophrenia, mood and cognitive disorders. The purpose of this book is to provide an up-to-date overview of basic and clinical studies concerning the neuroprotective approach, mechanisms, and several compounds with neuroprotective properties that may contribute to more efficacious treatment of major mental health disorders. The book is divided into two sections. The first section serves as an introduction and overview of conceptual issues of the neuroprotective approach, and some neurobiological advances. Chapters in this section review definitions, perspectives, and issues that provide a conceptual base for the rest of the book. In addition, this part includes chapters in which the authors present and discuss the findings from basic studies of neurodegenerative mechanisms that are associated with the pathogenesis of major mental health disorders. The second section focuses on findings obtained from clinical trials with neuroprotective compounds, and neuromodulatory techniques. The take-home message is that principles of the neuroprotective approach may be applied to treatment of schizophrenia, mood and cognitive disorders. Contributors to this book are among the most active investigators and clinicians in the field who provide new perspectives not only clarifying ongoing controversies but also propose diverse aspects and new insights to neuroprotection. This book is intended for a broad readership, which includes a broad spectrum of readers including neuroscientists, psychiatrists, neurologists, pharmacologists, clinical psychologists, general practitioners, geriatricians, graduate students, and policy makers in the fields of mental health.



Cognitive Enhancement

Cognitive Enhancement Author Elisabeth Hildt
ISBN-10 9789400762534
Release 2013-04-08
Pages 315
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Cognitive enhancement is the use of drugs, biotechnological strategies or other means by healthy individuals aiming at the improvement of cognitive functions such as vigilance, concentration or memory without any medical need. In particular, the use of pharmacological substances (caffeine, prescription drugs or illicit drugs) has received considerable attention during the last few years. Currently, however, little is known concerning the use of cognitive enhancers, their effects in healthy individuals and the place and function of cognitive enhancement in everyday life. The purpose of the book is to give an overview of the current research on cognitive enhancement and to provide in-depth insights into the interdisciplinary debate on cognitive enhancement.



Drug and Gene Delivery to the Central Nervous System for Neuroprotection

Drug and Gene Delivery to the Central Nervous System for Neuroprotection Author Hari S. Sharma
ISBN-10 9783319576961
Release 2017-06-05
Pages 228
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This book summarizes the latest research on drug and gene delivery to the central nervous system (CNS). The chapters address safety concerns regarding the nanotechnology that is needed to develop nanomedicine for clinical practice. Particular focus is given to new technologies that have emerged in recent years to deliver therapeutic materials, such as genes, drugs, and other agents using nanotechnologies of diverse origin. This is an ideal book for students, teachers, researchers, and clinicians interested in a deeper understanding of nanotechnological advances in therapeutic medicine. This book also: Broadens readers’ understanding of viral vector gene delivery to the brain for treating neurogenetic diseases as well as targeted gene delivery into the brain using microbubble-facilitated focused ultrasound Covers in detail the latest developments in delivering therapeutic materials, such as siRNA delivery to the brain for treating neurological diseases, neuroprotective effects of gelatin nanoparticles in stroke, and nanowired drug delivery for brain diseases, heat stroke, and CNS injury Enriches understanding of new technologies for delivering therapeutic materials treating Alzheimer’s Disease, including targeted nanodrug delivery through the blood-brain barrier and the superior neuroprotective effects of nanowired drug delivery in Alzheimer’s Disease



Nanomaterials in Plants Algae and Microorganisms

Nanomaterials in Plants  Algae  and Microorganisms Author Durgesh Kumar Tripathi
ISBN-10 9780128116463
Release 2017-11-20
Pages 550
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Nanomaterials in Plants, Algae and Microorganisms: Concepts and Controversies: Volume One discusses the vast amount of nanomaterials that have been released into the environment in a relatively short amount of time. There is a need to understand what the implications to the health of our biota and ecosystems are as the earth is increasingly inundated with these materials. Not all of the effects are negative, but their impacts are increasing exponentially due to their size, quantity and other factors. Covers the issues of nanoparticles on more simple organisms and their ecosystems Presents issues that are specific to terrestrial ecosystems Contains contributions from global experts who help increase understanding at the physiological, biochemical, molecular, and even genomic and proteomic levels Provides a critical assessment of the progress taking place on this topic and sheds light on future research needs



Polymeric Biomaterials

Polymeric Biomaterials Author Severian Dumitriu
ISBN-10 9781420094695
Release 2013-01-17
Pages 820
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Biomaterials have had a major impact on the practice of contemporary medicine and patient care. Growing into a major interdisciplinary effort involving chemists, biologists, engineers, and physicians, biomaterials development has enabled the creation of high-quality devices, implants, and drug carriers with greater biocompatibility and biofunctionality. The fast-paced research and increasing interest in finding new and improved biocompatible or biodegradable polymers has provided a wealth of new information, transforming this edition of Polymeric Biomaterials into a two-volume set. This volume, Polymeric Biomaterials: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Applications, contains 28 authoritative chapters written by experts from around the world. Contributors cover the following topics: Processing polymeric biomaterials into specific forms that ensure biocompatibility and biodegradability for use in various applications in the medical and pharmaceutical arenas Use of biomaterials to address medical issues such as pulmonary disease, cancer, heart disease, tissue damage, and bone disease Applications including a variety of drug delivery systems, medical devices, anticancer therapies, biological uses for hydrogels, nanotechnology, bioartificial organs, and tissue engineering Completely revised and expanded, this state-of-the-art reference presents recent developments in polymeric biomaterials and the most up-to-date applications of biomaterials in medicine.



Advanced Nanomaterials for Wastewater Remediation

Advanced Nanomaterials for Wastewater Remediation Author Ravindra Kumar Gautam
ISBN-10 9781315351124
Release 2016-08-05
Pages 430
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Contamination of aqueous environments by hazardous chemical compounds is the direct cause of the decline of safe clean water supply throughout the globe. The use of unconventional water sources such as treated wastewater will be a new norm. Emerging nanotechnological innovations have great potential for wastewater remediation processes. Applications that use smart nanomaterials of inorganic and organic origin improve treatment efficiency and lower energy requirements. This book describes the synthesis, fabrication, and application of advanced nanomaterials in water treatment processes; their adsorption, transformation into low toxic forms, or degradation phenomena, and the adsorption and separation of hazardous dyes, organic pollutants, heavy metals and metalloids from aqueous solutions. It explains the use of different categories of nanomaterials for various pollutants and enhances understanding of nanotechnology-based water remediation to make it less toxic and reusable.



Nanomaterials in Tissue Engineering

Nanomaterials in Tissue Engineering Author A K Gaharwar
ISBN-10 9780857097231
Release 2013-07-31
Pages 468
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Nanomaterial technologies can be used to fabricate high-performance biomaterials with tailored physical, chemical, and biological properties. They are therefore an area of interest for emerging biomedical technologies such as scaffolding, tissue regeneration, and controlled drug delivery. Nanomaterials in tissue engineering explores the fabrication of a variety of nanomaterials and the use of these materials across a range of tissue engineering applications. Part one focuses on the fabrication of nanomaterials for tissue engineering applications and includes chapters on engineering nanoporous biomaterials, layer-by-layer self-assembly techniques for nanostructured devices, and the synthesis of carbon based nanomaterials. Part two goes on to highlight the application of nanomaterials in soft tissue engineering and includes chapters on cardiac, neural, and cartilage tissue engineering. Finally, the use of nanomaterials in hard tissue engineering applications, including bone, dental and craniofacial tissue engineering is discussed in part three. Nanomaterials in tissue engineering is a standard reference for researchers and tissue engineers with an interest in nanomaterials, laboratories investigating biomaterials, and academics interested in materials science, chemical engineering, biomedical engineering and biological sciences. Explores the fabrication of a variety of nanomaterials and their use across a range of tissue engineering applications Examines engineering nanoporous biomaterials, layer-by-layer self-assembly techniques for nanostructured devices, and the synthesis of carbon based nanomaterials Highlights the application of nanomaterials in soft tissue engineering and includes chapters on cardiac, neural, and cartilage tissue engineering



Innovative Brain Tumor Therapy

Innovative Brain Tumor Therapy Author Gerardo Caruso
ISBN-10 9781908818744
Release 2014-10-10
Pages 196
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Despite recent advances, therapeutic efforts have not been successful establishing a definitive strategy of treatment for brain gliomas, because of the presence of the blood-brain barrier. Innovative Brain Tumor Therapy presents a synopsis of the studies on nanoparticles as ideal devices for brain tumor treatment. Their nanometric size, electrostatic charge, and lipophilic characteristics allow them to penetrate into the brain tissue freely. Promising in-vitro results have been reported, but remain to be validated in humans. This title focuses on the blood-brain barrier pathophysiology in brain tumors, and the possibilities of overcoming this with nanoparticle-based systems. Relevant patents of nanoparticles used as drug delivery carriers are also reported, as well as future scenarios in nanoparticles and stem cells.