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Nanoscale Technology for Advanced Lithium Batteries

Nanoscale Technology for Advanced Lithium Batteries Author Tetsuya Osaka
ISBN-10 9781461486756
Release 2013-11-11
Pages 273
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The unfortunate and serious accident at the nuclear power plants in Fukushima, Japan caused by the earthquake and tsunami in March 2011 dealt Japan a serious blow. Japan was nearly deprived of electric power when in response to the accident all nuclear reactors in Japan were shut down. This shortage further accelerated the introduction of renewable energies. This book surveys the new materials and approaches needed to use nanotechnology to introduce the next generation of advanced lithium batteries, currently the most promising energy storage devices available. It provides an overview of nanotechnology for lithium batteries from basic to applied research in selected high technology areas. The book especially focuses on near-term and future advances in these fields. All contributors to this book are expert researchers on lithium batteries.



Nanomaterials in Advanced Batteries and Supercapacitors

Nanomaterials in Advanced Batteries and Supercapacitors Author Kenneth I. Ozoemena
ISBN-10 9783319260822
Release 2016-07-18
Pages 567
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This book provides an authoritative source of information on the use of nanomaterials to enhance the performance of existing electrochemical energy storage systems and the manners in which new such systems are being made possible. The book covers the state of the art of the design, preparation, and engineering of nanoscale functional materials as effective catalysts and as electrodes for electrochemical energy storage and mechanistic investigation of electrode reactions. It also provides perspectives and challenges for future research. A related book by the same editors is: Nanomaterials for Fuel Cell Catalysis.



Nanostructured Materials for Electrochemical Energy Production and Storage

Nanostructured Materials for Electrochemical Energy Production and Storage Author Edson Roberto Leite
ISBN-10 0387493239
Release 2010-03-20
Pages 250
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Here is an authoritative reference from world-renowned research groups for those working in materials science and electrochemistry. The authors describe properties of nanostructured materials that can improve performance in alternative energy devices.



Nanotechnology for Energy Sustainability 3 Volume Set

Nanotechnology for Energy Sustainability  3 Volume Set Author Baldev Raj
ISBN-10 9783527340149
Release 2017-04-24
Pages 1316
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In three handy volumes, this ready reference provides a detailed overview of nanotechnology as it is applied to energy sustainability. Clearly structured, following an introduction, the first part of the book is dedicated to energy production, renewable energy, energy storage, energy distribution, and energy conversion and harvesting. The second part then goes on to discuss nano-enabled materials, energy conservation and management, technological and intellectual property-related issues and markets and environmental remediation. The text concludes with a look at and recommendations for future technology advances. An essential handbook for all experts in the field - from academic researchers and engineers to developers in industry.



Nanoscience Advances in CBRN Agents Detection Information and Energy Security

Nanoscience Advances in CBRN Agents Detection  Information and Energy Security Author Plamen Petkov
ISBN-10 9789401796972
Release 2015-02-05
Pages 533
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The preparation and characterization of various nano-scaled materials and their applications in diverse security and safety- related fields. Readers are provided with a broad overview on the topic as it combines articles addressing the preparation and characterization of different nano-scaled materials (metals, oxides, glasses, polymers, carbon-based, etc.). The contributions derive from the lectures and contributions of the NATO Advanced Study Institute meeting “Nanoscience Advances in CBRN Agents Detection, Information and Energy Security” held in Sozopol, Bulgaria, 29 May - 6 June, 2014. In addition, it presents an interdisciplinary approach, utilizing Nanoscience and Nanotechnology research from different disciplines including; physics, chemistry, engineering, materials science and biology. A major advantage of this book, which represents the knowledge of experts from 20 countries, is the combination of longer papers introducing the basic knowledge on a certain topic, and brief contributions highlighting specific applications in different security areas.



Handbook of Research on Nanoscience Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials

Handbook of Research on Nanoscience  Nanotechnology  and Advanced Materials Author Bououdina, Mohamed
ISBN-10 9781466658257
Release 2014-03-31
Pages 617
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The burgeoning field of nanotechnology has led to many recent technological innovations and discoveries. Understanding the impact of these technologies on business, science, and industry is an important first step in developing applications for a variety of settings and contexts. Handbook of Research on Nanoscience, Nanotechnology, and Advanced Materials presents a detailed analysis of current experimental and theoretical approaches surrounding nanomaterials science. With applications in fields such as biomedicine, renewable energy, and synthetic materials, the research in this book will provide experimentalists, professionals, students, and academics with an in-depth understanding of nanoscience and its impact on modern technology.



Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices

Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices Author Serge Zhuiykov
ISBN-10 9781782422242
Release 2014-02-14
Pages 466
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Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices focuses on the development of semiconductor nanocrystals, their technologies and applications, including energy harvesting, solar cells, solid oxide fuel cells, and chemical sensors. Semiconductor oxides are used in electronics, optics, catalysts, sensors, and other functional devices. In their 2D form, the reduction in size confers exceptional properties, useful for creating faster electronics and more efficient catalysts. After explaining the physics affecting the conductivity and electron arrangement of nanostructured semiconductors, the book addresses the structural and chemical modification of semiconductor nanocrystals during material growth. It then covers their use in nanoscale functional devices, particularly in electronic devices and carbon nanotubes. It explores the impact of 2D nanocrystals, such as graphene, chalcogenides, and oxide nanostructures, on research and technology, leading to a discussion of incorporating graphene and semiconductor nanostructures into composites for use in energy storage. The final three chapters focus on the applications of these functional materials in photovoltaic cells, solid oxide fuel cells, and in environmental sensors including pH, dissolved oxygen, dissolved organic carbon, and dissolved metal ion sensors. Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices is a crucial resource for scientists, applied researchers, and production engineers working in the fabrication, design, testing, characterization, and analysis of new semiconductor materials. This book is a valuable reference for those working in the analysis and characterization of new nanomaterials, and for those who develop technologies for practical devices fabrication. Focuses on the development of semiconductor nanocrystals, their technologies and applications, including energy harvesting, solar cells, solid oxide fuel cells, and chemical sensors Reviews fundamental physics of conductivity and electron arrangement before proceeding to practical applications A vital resource for applied researchers and production engineers working with new semiconductor materials



Low Dimensional and Nanostructured Materials and Devices

Low Dimensional and Nanostructured Materials and Devices Author Hilmi Ünlü
ISBN-10 9783319253404
Release 2015-12-01
Pages 674
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This book focuses on the fundamental phenomena at nanoscale. It covers synthesis, properties, characterization and computer modelling of nanomaterials, nanotechnologies, bionanotechnology, involving nanodevices. Further topics are imaging, measuring, modeling and manipulating of low dimensional matter at nanoscale. The topics covered in the book are of vital importance in a wide range of modern and emerging technologies employed or to be employed in most industries, communication, healthcare, energy, conservation , biology, medical science, food, environment, and education, and consequently have great impact on our society.



Materials for Biofuels

Materials for Biofuels Author Arthur J Ragauskas
ISBN-10 9789814513296
Release 2014-01-15
Pages 356
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This invaluable book provides a broad and detailed introduction to the fascinating and hot research subject of transformation of biomass-related materials to biofuels. Biofuel production can be categorized into a variety of novel conversion and refinery development technologies. However, biomass recalcitrance is the biggest challenge blocking the way in biofuel conversion. This book provides an enlightening view of the frontiers in leading pretreatments, downstream enzymatic hydrolysis, fermentation technology, corrosion issues in biofuel and merging biofuels technology into a pulp mill to pave the way for future large-scale biofuel production. Contents:What is Biomass (Fang Huang)Biomass Recalcitrance and the Contributing Cell Wall Factors (Marcus Foston)Reduction of Biomass Recalcitrance via Water/Acid Pretreatments (Fan Hu)Reduction of Biomass Recalcitrance via Organosolv Pretreatments (Xianzhi Meng)Reduction of Biomass Recalcitrance via Ionic Liquid Pretreatments (Alistair W T King, Haibo Xie, Juha Fiskari and Ilkka Kilpeläinen)Enzymatic Deconstruction of Lignocellulose to Fermentable Sugars (Qining Sun)Fermentation to Bioethanol/Biobutanol (Tao Ma, Matyas Kosa and Qining Sun)Pyrolysis of Biomass to Bio-Oils (Haoxi Ben)Upgrade of Bio-Oil to Bio-Fuel and Bio-Chemical (Haoxi Ben)Corrosion Issues in Biofuels (Lindsey R Goodman and Preet M Singh)Incorporation of Biofuels Technology into a Pulp Mill (Marko Hakovirta)Integrated Possibilities of Producing Biofuels in Chemical Pulping (Raimo Alén) Readership: Scientists and researchers who are interested in the study of materials and environmental science. Keywords:Biofuel;Biomass;Pretreatment;Enzymatic;Fermentation;Pyrolysis;Pulp Mill;CorrosionKey Features:Detailed description of the key challenge: recalcitrance in biomass conversion into biofuelInterpreting leading bioconversion technologies and in-depth reaction mechanism to resolve this issueProviding broad and practical technologies in large-scale biofuel productionReviews: “This is the most thorough and well explained book on biofuels. It passes through all the stages of biofuel production, it clearly discusses the challenges and how they could be surpassed, and it is very well structured. Every chapter starts with a clear introduction, builds on, and then draws some conclusions, all based on scientific, peer reviewed paper.” ZME Science



Lithium ion Battery Materials and Engineering

Lithium ion Battery Materials and Engineering Author Malgorzata K. Gulbinska
ISBN-10 9781447165484
Release 2014-09-06
Pages 205
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Gaining public attention due, in part, to their potential application as energy storage devices in cars, Lithium-ion batteries have encountered widespread demand, however, the understanding of lithium-ion technology has often lagged behind production. This book defines the most commonly encountered challenges from the perspective of a high-end lithium-ion manufacturer with two decades of experience with lithium-ion batteries and over six decades of experience with batteries of other chemistries. Authors with years of experience in the applied science and engineering of lithium-ion batteries gather to share their view on where lithium-ion technology stands now, what are the main challenges, and their possible solutions. The book contains real-life examples of how a subtle change in cell components can have a considerable effect on cell’s performance. Examples are supported with approachable basic science commentaries. Providing a unique combination of practical know-how with an in-depth perspective, this book will appeal to graduate students, young faculty members, or others interested in the current research and development trends in lithium-ion technology.



Nanoscale Materials in Chemistry

Nanoscale Materials in Chemistry Author Kenneth J. Klabunde
ISBN-10 9780470523667
Release 2009-10-15
Pages 650
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A comprehensive reference on nanoscale materials chemistry—now revised and updated. This extensive text provides twenty-two revised chapters on the preparations, applications, and characterization as well as the environmental and toxicological aspects of nanoscale materials, with an emphasis on the chemistry component. This Second Edition contains core topics including: New synthetic methods for nanomaterials Nanostructured solids Organized two- and three-dimensional nanocrystals Nanotubes, ribbons, and sheets Nanocatalysts, sorbents, and energy applications Unique physical properties of nanomaterials Photochemistry of nanomaterials Biological and environmental aspects of nanomaterials With input from top experts in the field, such as Bruce Dunn, Vicki Grassian, Warren Ford, and Chris Sorensen, among others, Nanoscale Materials in Chemistry presents a balanced survey of different topics in basic nanoparticle science, and includes helpful end-of-chapter questions and answers. Significantly expanded, the Second Edition remains a key text for understanding the fundamentals of nanoscale materials chemistry and a reliable resource for scientists and researchers.



Rechargeable Batteries

Rechargeable Batteries Author Zhengcheng Zhang
ISBN-10 9783319154589
Release 2015-06-24
Pages 712
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This book updates the latest advancements in new chemistries, novel materials and system integration of rechargeable batteries, including lithium-ion batteries and batteries beyond lithium-ion and addresses where the research is advancing in the near future in a brief and concise manner. The book is intended for a wide range of readers from undergraduates, postgraduates to senior scientists and engineers. In order to update the latest status of rechargeable batteries and predict near research trend, we plan to invite the world leading researchers who are presently working in the field to write each chapter of the book. The book covers not only lithium-ion batteries but also other batteries beyond lithium-ion, such as lithium-air, lithium-sulfur, sodium-ion, sodium-sulfur, magnesium-ion and liquid flow batteries.



Introduction to Nanoscience

Introduction to Nanoscience Author Stuart Lindsay
ISBN-10 9780191609275
Release 2009-10-22
Pages 480
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Nanoscience is not physics, chemistry, engineering or biology. It is all of them, and it is time for a text that integrates the disciplines. This is such a text, aimed at advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students in the sciences. The consequences of smallness and quantum behaviour are well known and described Richard Feynman's visionary essay 'There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom' (which is reproduced in this book). Another, critical, but thus far neglected, aspect of nanoscience is the complexity of nanostructures. Hundreds, thousands or hundreds of thousands of atoms make up systems that are complex enough to show what is fashionably called 'emergent behaviour'. Quite new phenomena arise from rare configurations of the system. Examples are the Kramer's theory of reactions (Chapter 3), the Marcus theory of electron transfer (Chapter 8), and enzyme catalysis, molecular motors, and fluctuations in gene expression and splicing, all covered in the final Chapter on Nanobiology. The book is divided into three parts. Part I (The Basics) is a self-contained introduction to quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics and chemical kinetics, calling on no more than basic college calculus. A conceptual approach and an array of examples and conceptual problems will allow even those without the mathematical tools to grasp much of what is important. Part II (The Tools) covers microscopy, single molecule manipulation and measurement, nanofabrication and self-assembly. Part III (Applications) covers electrons in nanostructures, molecular electronics, nano-materials and nanobiology. Each chapter starts with a survey of the required basics, but ends by making contact with current research literature.



Nanomaterials in Catalysis

Nanomaterials in Catalysis Author Philippe Serp
ISBN-10 9783527656899
Release 2012-11-15
Pages 516
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Nanocatalysis has emerged as a field at the interface between homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis and offers unique solutions to the demanding requirements for catalyst improvement. Heterogeneous catalysis represents one of the oldest commercial applications of nanoscience and nanoparticles of metals, semiconductors, oxides, and other compounds have been widely used for important chemical reactions. The main focus of this fi eld is the development of well-defined catalysts, which may include both metal nanoparticles and a nanomaterial as the support. These nanocatalysts should display the benefits of both homogenous and heterogeneous catalysts, such as high efficiency and selectivity, stability and easy recovery/recycling. The concept of nanocatalysis is outlined in this book and, in particular, it provides a comprehensive overview of the science of colloidal nanoparticles. A broad range of topics, from the fundamentals to applications in catalysis, are covered, without excluding micelles, nanoparticles in ionic liquids, dendrimers, nanotubes, and nanooxides, as well as modeling, and the characterization of nanocatalysts, making it an indispensable reference for both researchers at universities and professionals in industry.



Introduction to Nanoelectronics

Introduction to Nanoelectronics Author Vladimir V. Mitin
ISBN-10 9780521881722
Release 2008
Pages 329
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Textbook presenting the fundamentals of nanoscience and nanotechnology with a view to nanoelectronics. Covers the underlying physics; nanostructures, including nanoobjects; methods for growth, fabrication and characterization of nanomaterials; and nanodevices. Provides a unifying framework for the basic ideas needed to understand the recent developments in the field. Includes numerous illustrations, homework problems and a number of interactive Java applets. For advanced undergraduate and graduate students in electrical and electronic engineering, nanoscience, materials, bioengineering and chemical engineering. Instructor solutions and Java applets available from www.cambridge.org/9780521881722.



MoS2

MoS2 Author Zhiming M. Wang
ISBN-10 9783319028507
Release 2013-11-18
Pages 291
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This book reviews the structure and electronic, magnetic, and other properties of various MoS2 (Molybdenum disulfide) nanostructures, with coverage of synthesis, Valley polarization, spin physics, and other topics. MoS2 is an important, graphene-like layered nano-material that substantially extends the range of possible nanostructures and devices for nanofabrication. These materials have been widely researched in recent years, and have become an attractive topic for applications such as catalytic materials and devices based on field-effect transistors (FETs) and semiconductors. Chapters from leading scientists worldwide create a bridge between MoS2 nanomaterials and fundamental physics in order to stimulate readers' interest in the potential of these novel materials for device applications. Since MoS2 nanostructures are expected to be increasingly important for future developments in energy and other electronic device applications, this book can be recommended for Physics and Materials Science and Engineering departments and as reference for researchers in the field.



Nanostructures and Nanomaterials

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials Author Guozhong Cao
ISBN-10 9789814324557
Release 2011
Pages 581
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This text focuses on the synthesis, properties and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials, particularly inorganic nanomaterials. It provides coverage of the fundamentals and processing techniques with regard to synthesis, properties, characterization and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials.