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Nanotechnology and the Brain

Nanotechnology and the Brain Author
ISBN-10 9780128047590
Release 2016-09-24
Pages 334
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Nanotechnology and the Brain, the latest edition in the International Review of Neurobiology series is well-known for its appeal to neuroscientists, clinicians, psychologists, physiologists, and pharmacologists. Written by an internationally renowned expert in the field, this volume focuses on the application of nanotechnology in the brain, covering blood brain barrier biology and how nanoparticles should be engineered to tackle this barrier. Covers a wide range of nanoparticles in dedicated chapters Focuses on the application of nanotechnology in the brain, shedding light on blood brain barrier biology and nanoparticles engineering Contains the diverse expertise of renowned contributors



Emerging Horizons in Neuromodulation

Emerging Horizons in Neuromodulation Author
ISBN-10 9780124051805
Release 2012-12-31
Pages 416
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This issue of International Review of Neurobiology brings together cutting-edge research on neuromodulation. It reviews current knowledge and understanding, provides a starting point for researchers and practitioners entering the field, and builds a platform for further research and discovery. Brings together cutting-edge research on neuromodulation Reviews current knowledge and understanding Provides a starting point for researchers and practitioners entering the field, and builds a platform for further research and discovery



New Perspectives of Central Nervous System Injury and Neuroprotection

New Perspectives of Central Nervous System Injury and Neuroprotection Author
ISBN-10 9780123870162
Release 2012-10-22
Pages 424
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Central nervous system (CNS) diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis affect a large number of populations worldwide for which no suitable cure is currently available. In addition, stroke, nanoparticle intoxication, diabetes, hypertension, and psychostimulant abuse either alone or in combination are capable of inducing potential brain damage. Thus, there is an urgent need to expand our knowledge to find suitable therapeutic strategies to enhance neurorepair processes in such diseases. This volume presents neuroprotection and novel therapeutic strategies developed in the last 5 years by 12 world leaders in the field. The term neuroprotection means rescuing neuronal and non-neuronal cells together. The cerebral endothelium that constitutes the anatomical and physiological site of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is one of the most important non-neural cells in the CNS. Any distortion of the BBB leads to brain diseases and restoration of the barrier results in neuroprotection. Thus, the BBB appears to be the "gateway" for neurological diseases and neurorepair. However, to treat brain tumors or infarcts, new therapeutic strategies are needed to enhance brain drug delivery using nanotechnology. In addition, apart from conventional drugs, restoration of BBB function could also be achieved by means of antibodies directed against specific proteins, neurotransmitters or exogenous supplement of neurotrophic factors. Since co-morbidity factors e.g., hypertension, diabetes, and exposure of nanoparticles could complicate the pathogenesis of neurological disorders either an enhanced dose of the drug or nanodelivery of a combination of several drugs is needed to achieve neuroprotection. This volume of International Review of Neurobiology is the first to discuss novel therapeutic strategies in situations of neurological disorders in combination with different co-morbidity factors. Reviews written by experts in such a way that provides basic knowledge for beginners and advanced information for researchers and experts New aspects of Neurodegenerative diseases such as; Alzheimer’s Disease, Parkinson’s Disease, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis are presented with the latest therapeutic measures Exacerbation of brain pathology in hypertension or diabetes is discussed for the first time



International Review of Neurobiology

International Review of Neurobiology Author Carl Curt Pfeiffer
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105117470802
Release 1962
Pages
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International Review of Neurobiology has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from International Review of Neurobiology also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full International Review of Neurobiology book for free.



Nonmotor Parkinson s The Hidden Face

Nonmotor Parkinson s  The Hidden Face Author
ISBN-10 9780128126042
Release 2017-08-10
Pages 764
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Non-motor Parkinson's: The Hidden Face-Management and the Hidden Face of Related Disorders, Volume 134, the latest release in the International Review of Neurobiology series, is an up-to-date and comprehensive textbook addressing non-motor aspects of Parkinson’s disease, a key unmet need. Specific chapters in this updated release include Therapeutics and NMS in PD, Non-motor effects of conventional and transdermal therapies in PD, Infusion therapy, CDD and NMS in PD, DBS and NMS in PD, TMS and implications for NMS in PD, Botulinum toxin therapy and NMS in PD, and Nutrition and NMS in PD, amongst others. Including practical tips for non-specialists and clinical algorithms, the book contains contributions from over 40 opinion leaders in the field of movement disorders. It provides practitioners and researchers with a laboratory, to bedside, to caregiver perspective. Presents a comprehensive textbook on the non motor aspects of Parkinson’s disease Includes practical tips and clinical algorithms, and is the only textbook to bring a holistic approach Contains contributions from over 40 global opinion leaders in the field of movement disorders Provides special chapters on exercise, personalized medicine, osteoporosis, genetics, treatment aspects and nutrition



Epilepsy Infantile Spasms and Developmental Encephalopathy

Epilepsy  Infantile Spasms  and Developmental Encephalopathy Author Philip A. Schwartzkroin
ISBN-10 0123668492
Release 2002
Pages 429
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Epilepsy, Infantile Spasms, and Developmental Encephalopathy explores the nature and bases of infantile spasms - a major representative of the catastrophic developmental seizure disorders seen in early childhood. Although this topic has received considerable attention as a clinical disorder, the underlying pathogenesis of infantile spasms remains poorly understood. The aim is not simply to describe and label the clinical phenomenology associated with infantile spasms, but rather to work toward an understanding of the underlying mechanisms and of effective treatment strategies. The result is a volume with a high density of exciting ideas that can be taken to the bedside or to the laboratory for further study. Approaching the subject from an interdisciplinary perspective, this book integrates clinical and basic science in its discussion of infantile spasms as representative of a common developmental brain disorder. It also provides experimentally testable hypotheses to direct further research, and presents reviews of the literature associated with suggested underlying mechanisms. Epilepsy, Infantile Spasms, and Developmental Encephalopathy explores the nature and bases of infantile spasms - a major representative of the catastrophic developmental seizure disorders seen in early childhood. Although this topic has received considerable attention as a clinical disorder, the underlying pathogenesis of infantile spasms remains poorly understood. The aim is not simply to describe and label the clinical phenomenology associated with infantile spasms, but rather to work toward an understanding of the underlying mechanisms and of effective treatment strategies. The result is a volume with a high density of exciting ideas that can be taken to the bedside or to the laboratory for further study.



Nanomedicine in Central Nervous System Injury and Repair

Nanomedicine in Central Nervous System Injury and Repair Author
ISBN-10 9780128123829
Release 2017-11-11
Pages 182
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Nanomedicine in Central Nervous System Injury and Repair (IRN), Volume 137, the latest release in the International Review of Neurobiology series presents comprehensive chapters that cover a broad range of topics, including, but not limited to, how Diabetes exacerbates methamphetamine induced blood-brain barrier breakdown, edema formation, oxidative stress and myelin damage, and how Focal blast brain injury induces rapid edema formation, blood-brain barrier breakdown and intensive cellular damage. In addition, the Neuroprotective effects of a multimodal drug cerebrolysin are explored, as is how Nanowired cerebrolysin potentiates neuroprotective effects of histamine H3 receptor inverse agonist and antagonist with partial H4 agonist in Alzheimer's Disease. This series reviews current knowledge and understanding on how to repair the damaged spinal cord and brain with nanomedicine, detailing new therapeutic advances and providing a starting point for researchers and practitioners entering the field. Provides cutting-edge research on the damaged spinal cord and brain Presents new therapeutic advances Reviews current knowledge and understanding



On the Dual Uses of Science and Ethics

On the Dual Uses of Science and Ethics Author Michael J. Selgelid
ISBN-10 9781925021349
Release 2013-12-19
Pages 390
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Claims about the transformations enabled by modern science and medicine have been accompanied by an unsettling question in recent years: might the knowledge being produced undermine – rather than further – human and animal well being? On the Dual Uses of Science and Ethics examines the potential for the skills, know-how, information, and techniques associated with modern biology to serve contrasting ends. In recognition of the moral ambiguity of science and technology, each chapter considers steps that might be undertaken to prevent the deliberate spread of disease. Central to achieving this aim is the consideration of what role ethics might serve. To date, the ethical analysis of the themes of this volume has been limited. This book remedies this situation by bringing together contributors from a broad range of backgrounds to address a highly important ethical issue confronting humanity during the 21st century.



Structure to Function of G Protein Gated Inwardly Rectifying Girk Channels

Structure to Function of G Protein Gated Inwardly Rectifying  Girk  Channels Author Kevin Wickman
ISBN-10 0128024585
Release 2015-09-23
Pages 378
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This volume in the International Review of Neurobiology series is a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art research into GIRK Potassium Channels. It reviews current knowledge and understanding and provides a starting point for researchers and practitioners entering the field. Presents a comprehensive overview of the latest research into GIRK potassium channels Serves as a perfect starting point for researchers and practitioners entering the field Expands the literature and field of neurobiology



Nanotechnology Research Directions for Societal Needs in 2020

Nanotechnology Research Directions for Societal Needs in 2020 Author Mihail C. Roco
ISBN-10 9789400711686
Release 2011-06-17
Pages 690
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This volume presents a comprehensive perspective on the global scientific, technological, and societal impact of nanotechnology since 2000, and explores the opportunities and research directions in the next decade to 2020. The vision for the future of nanotechnology presented here draws on scientific insights from U.S. experts in the field, examinations of lessons learned, and international perspectives shared by participants from 35 countries in a series of high-level workshops organized by Mike Roco of the National Science Foundation (NSF), along with a team of American co-hosts that includes Chad Mirkin, Mark Hersam, Evelyn Hu, and several other eminent U.S. scientists. The study performed in support of the U.S. National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) aims to redefine the R&D goals for nanoscale science and engineering integration and to establish nanotechnology as a general-purpose technology in the next decade. It intends to provide decision makers in academia, industry, and government with a nanotechnology community perspective of productive and responsible paths forward for nanotechnology R&D.



What It s Like to Be a Dog

What It s Like to Be a Dog Author Gregory Berns
ISBN-10 9780465096251
Release 2017-09-05
Pages 320
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Does your dog really love you? Neuroscientist Gregory Berns used an MRI machine to find out. What is it like to be a dog? A bat? Or a dolphin? To find out, neuroscientist Gregory Berns and his team began with a radical step: they taught dogs to go into an MRI scanner--completely awake. They discovered what makes dogs individuals with varying capacities for self-control, different value systems, and a complex understanding of human speech. And dogs were just the beginning. In What It's Like to Be a Dog, Berns explores the fascinating inner lives of wild animals from dolphins and sea lions to the extinct Tasmanian tiger. Much as Silent Spring transformed how we thought about the environment, so What It's Like to Be a Dog will fundamentally reshape how we think about--and treat--animals. Groundbreaking and deeply humane, it is essential reading for animal lovers of all stripes.



Brain Computer Interface Research

Brain Computer Interface Research Author Christoph Guger
ISBN-10 9783319571324
Release 2017-05-28
Pages 136
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This book describes the prize-winning brain-computer-interface (BCI) projects honored in the community's most prestigious annual award. BCIs enable people to communicate and control their limbs and/or environment using thought processes alone. Research in this field continues to develop and expand rapidly, with many new ideas, research groups, and improved technologies having emerged in recent years. The chapters in this volume feature the newest developments from many of the best labs worldwide. They present both non-invasive systems (based on the EEG) and intracortical methods (based on spikes or ECoG), and numerous innovative applications that will benefit new user groups



Emerging Cognitive Neuroscience and Related Technologies

Emerging Cognitive Neuroscience and Related Technologies Author Committee on Military and Intelligence Methodology for Emergent Neruophysiological and Cognitive/Neural Research in the Next Two Decades
ISBN-10 9780309118941
Release 2008-11-06
Pages 214
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Emerging Cognitive Neuroscience and Related Technologies, from the National Research Council, identifies and explores several specific research areas that have implications for U.S. national security, and should therefore be monitored consistently by the intelligence community. These areas include: neurophysiological advances in detecting and measuring indicators of psychological states and intentions of individuals the development of drugs or technologies that can alter human physical or cognitive abilities advances in real-time brain imaging breakthroughs in high-performance computing and neuronal modeling that could allow researchers to develop systems which mimic functions of the human brain, particularly the ability to organize disparate forms of data. As these fields continue to grow, it will be imperative that the intelligence community be able to identify scientific advances relevant to national security when they occur. To do so will require adequate funding, intelligence analysts with advanced training in science and technology, and increased collaboration with the scientific community, particularly academia. A key tool for the intelligence community, this book will also be a useful resource for the health industry, the military, and others with a vested interest in technologies such as brain imaging and cognitive or physical enhancers.



Nanocarriers for Brain Targeting

Nanocarriers for Brain Targeting Author Taylor & Francis Group
ISBN-10 1771887303
Release 2018-11-15
Pages 593
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This new volume, Nanocarriers for Brain Targeting: Principles and Applications, covers recent research on brain physiology and the development of drug delivery systems. It explores a diverse variety of strategies that can be employed to achieve drug targeting to the brain. The nanocarriers that are discussed include nanoparticles, vesicular carriers, carriers having carbon as a core constituent, dispersed systems, and more. The inherent anatomy and physiology of the brain renders it different from other organs. The past few decades have witnessed significant research on brain ailments in response to a majority of hospitalizations that occur due to age-related central nervous system disorders. The prevalence of diverse diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, multiple sclerosis, HIV-dementia, etc., affect about 1.5 billion people globally, which is further anticipated to reach 1.9 billion by the year 2020. Nanocarriers for drug delivery to the brain are seen as one of the answers to this growing problem.



Gut Microbiome and Behavior

Gut Microbiome and Behavior Author
ISBN-10 9780128039762
Release 2016-10-25
Pages 432
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Gut Microbiome and Behavior, the latest volume in the International Review of Neurobiology series, provides a comprehensive overview of the gut microbiome on the brain and behavior, fully encapsulating the latest research in the field and defining the scope of this influence to outline potential mechanisms and possible implications. Contains the expertise of contributors in the field who discuss the gut microbiome and its effect on the brain and behavior Defines the scope of the influence of the gut microbiome and the potential mechanisms and implications Charts the way forward in this frontier area of research



Brain Computer Interfaces

Brain Computer Interfaces Author Theodore W. Berger
ISBN-10 9781402087059
Release 2008-09-18
Pages 281
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We have come to know that our ability to survive and grow as a nation to a very large degree depends upon our scientific progress. Moreover, it is not enough simply to keep 1 abreast of the rest of the world in scientific matters. We must maintain our leadership. President Harry Truman spoke those words in 1950, in the aftermath of World War II and in the midst of the Cold War. Indeed, the scientific and engineering leadership of the United States and its allies in the twentieth century played key roles in the successful outcomes of both World War II and the Cold War, sparing the world the twin horrors of fascism and totalitarian communism, and fueling the economic prosperity that followed. Today, as the United States and its allies once again find themselves at war, President Truman’s words ring as true as they did a half-century ago. The goal set out in the Truman Administration of maintaining leadership in science has remained the policy of the U. S. Government to this day: Dr. John Marburger, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology (OSTP) in the Executive Office of the President, made remarks to that effect during his 2 confirmation hearings in October 2001. The United States needs metrics for measuring its success in meeting this goal of maintaining leadership in science and technology. That is one of the reasons that the National Science Foundation (NSF) and many other agencies of the U. S.



Nanotechnology Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications

Nanotechnology  Concepts  Methodologies  Tools  and Applications Author Management Association, Information Resources
ISBN-10 9781466651265
Release 2014-02-28
Pages 1718
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Over the past few decades, devices and technologies have been significantly miniaturized from one generation to the next, providing far more potential in a much smaller package. The smallest of these recently developed tools are miniscule enough to be invisible to the naked eye. Nanotechnology: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications describes some of the latest advances in microscopic technologies in fields as diverse as biochemistry, materials science, medicine, and electronics. Through its investigation of theories, applications, and new developments in the nanotechnology field, this impressive reference source will serve as a valuable tool for researchers, engineers, academics, and students alike.