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Nanotechnology and the Brain

Nanotechnology and the Brain Author
ISBN-10 9780128047590
Release 2016-09-24
Pages 334
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Nanotechnology and the Brain, the latest edition in the International Review of Neurobiology series is well-known for its appeal to neuroscientists, clinicians, psychologists, physiologists, and pharmacologists. Written by an internationally renowned expert in the field, this volume focuses on the application of nanotechnology in the brain, covering blood brain barrier biology and how nanoparticles should be engineered to tackle this barrier. Covers a wide range of nanoparticles in dedicated chapters Focuses on the application of nanotechnology in the brain, shedding light on blood brain barrier biology and nanoparticles engineering Contains the diverse expertise of renowned contributors



Emerging Horizons in Neuromodulation

Emerging Horizons in Neuromodulation Author
ISBN-10 9780124051805
Release 2012-12-31
Pages 416
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This issue of International Review of Neurobiology brings together cutting-edge research on neuromodulation. It reviews current knowledge and understanding, provides a starting point for researchers and practitioners entering the field, and builds a platform for further research and discovery. Brings together cutting-edge research on neuromodulation Reviews current knowledge and understanding Provides a starting point for researchers and practitioners entering the field, and builds a platform for further research and discovery



Neurobiology of Autism

Neurobiology of Autism Author
ISBN-10 9780124199613
Release 2013-11-27
Pages 384
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This volume in the International Review of Neurobiology is a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art research into autism pathophysiology. Its chapters cover a wide range of etiologies, from genetics and development to environmental factors. In addition, it discusses key cell and behavioral phenotypes, including cortical and cerebellar phenotypes, as well as language and motor outputs. Finally, this volume's chapters on gene expression in the brain describe how genes may be connected to phenotypes in autism. Broad coverage of genetic and cellular phenotypes in autism Focused on basic research Chapters primarily written by new investigators with a fresh perspective on the biological underpinnings of autism



International Review of Neurobiology

International Review of Neurobiology Author Carl Curt Pfeiffer
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105117470802
Release 1962
Pages
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International Review of Neurobiology has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from International Review of Neurobiology also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full International Review of Neurobiology book for free.



On the Dual Uses of Science and Ethics

On the Dual Uses of Science and Ethics Author Michael J. Selgelid
ISBN-10 9781925021349
Release 2013-12-19
Pages 390
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Claims about the transformations enabled by modern science and medicine have been accompanied by an unsettling question in recent years: might the knowledge being produced undermine – rather than further – human and animal well being? On the Dual Uses of Science and Ethics examines the potential for the skills, know-how, information, and techniques associated with modern biology to serve contrasting ends. In recognition of the moral ambiguity of science and technology, each chapter considers steps that might be undertaken to prevent the deliberate spread of disease. Central to achieving this aim is the consideration of what role ethics might serve. To date, the ethical analysis of the themes of this volume has been limited. This book remedies this situation by bringing together contributors from a broad range of backgrounds to address a highly important ethical issue confronting humanity during the 21st century.



Neurotrophins

Neurotrophins Author
ISBN-10 9780128122648
Release 2017-02-15
Pages 550
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Neurotrophins, the latest volume in the Vitamins and Hormones series first published in 1943, and the longest-running serial published by Academic Press, provides up-to-date information on crystal structures and basic structural studies on neurotrophins and their receptors, neurotrophin functions, and the biological actions of neurotrophins related to clinical conditions and disease. Each volume is thoroughly reviewed and focuses on a single molecule or disease that is related to vitamins or hormones, with the topic broadly interpreted to include related substances such as transmitters, cytokines, growth factors, and others. Provides cutting-edge reviews concerning the molecular and cellular biology of vitamins and hormones Contains expertise from world-renowned contributors Focuses on a single molecule or disease that is related to vitamins or hormones, with the topic broadly interpreted to include related substances such as transmitters, cytokines, growth factors, and others Presents in-depth, current information from the molecular to clinical level



New Perspectives of Central Nervous System Injury and Neuroprotection

New Perspectives of Central Nervous System Injury and Neuroprotection Author
ISBN-10 9780123870162
Release 2012-10-22
Pages 424
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Central nervous system (CNS) diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis affect a large number of populations worldwide for which no suitable cure is currently available. In addition, stroke, nanoparticle intoxication, diabetes, hypertension, and psychostimulant abuse either alone or in combination are capable of inducing potential brain damage. Thus, there is an urgent need to expand our knowledge to find suitable therapeutic strategies to enhance neurorepair processes in such diseases. This volume presents neuroprotection and novel therapeutic strategies developed in the last 5 years by 12 world leaders in the field. The term neuroprotection means rescuing neuronal and non-neuronal cells together. The cerebral endothelium that constitutes the anatomical and physiological site of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is one of the most important non-neural cells in the CNS. Any distortion of the BBB leads to brain diseases and restoration of the barrier results in neuroprotection. Thus, the BBB appears to be the "gateway" for neurological diseases and neurorepair. However, to treat brain tumors or infarcts, new therapeutic strategies are needed to enhance brain drug delivery using nanotechnology. In addition, apart from conventional drugs, restoration of BBB function could also be achieved by means of antibodies directed against specific proteins, neurotransmitters or exogenous supplement of neurotrophic factors. Since co-morbidity factors e.g., hypertension, diabetes, and exposure of nanoparticles could complicate the pathogenesis of neurological disorders either an enhanced dose of the drug or nanodelivery of a combination of several drugs is needed to achieve neuroprotection. This volume of International Review of Neurobiology is the first to discuss novel therapeutic strategies in situations of neurological disorders in combination with different co-morbidity factors. Reviews written by experts in such a way that provides basic knowledge for beginners and advanced information for researchers and experts New aspects of Neurodegenerative diseases such as; Alzheimer’s Disease, Parkinson’s Disease, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis are presented with the latest therapeutic measures Exacerbation of brain pathology in hypertension or diabetes is discussed for the first time



Structure to Function of G Protein Gated Inwardly Rectifying Girk Channels

Structure to Function of G Protein Gated Inwardly Rectifying  Girk  Channels Author Kevin Wickman
ISBN-10 0128024585
Release 2015-09-23
Pages 378
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This volume in the International Review of Neurobiology series is a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art research into GIRK Potassium Channels. It reviews current knowledge and understanding and provides a starting point for researchers and practitioners entering the field. Presents a comprehensive overview of the latest research into GIRK potassium channels Serves as a perfect starting point for researchers and practitioners entering the field Expands the literature and field of neurobiology



Nanotechnology for Biology and Medicine

Nanotechnology for Biology and Medicine Author Gabriel A. Silva
ISBN-10 038731296X
Release 2011-10-22
Pages 236
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This text book will bring together a mix of both internationally known and established senior scientists along side up and coming (but already accomplished) junior scientists that have varying expertise in fundamental and applied nanotechnology to biology and medicine.



Brain Computer Interfaces

Brain Computer Interfaces Author Theodore W. Berger
ISBN-10 9781402087059
Release 2008-09-18
Pages 281
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We have come to know that our ability to survive and grow as a nation to a very large degree depends upon our scientific progress. Moreover, it is not enough simply to keep 1 abreast of the rest of the world in scientific matters. We must maintain our leadership. President Harry Truman spoke those words in 1950, in the aftermath of World War II and in the midst of the Cold War. Indeed, the scientific and engineering leadership of the United States and its allies in the twentieth century played key roles in the successful outcomes of both World War II and the Cold War, sparing the world the twin horrors of fascism and totalitarian communism, and fueling the economic prosperity that followed. Today, as the United States and its allies once again find themselves at war, President Truman’s words ring as true as they did a half-century ago. The goal set out in the Truman Administration of maintaining leadership in science has remained the policy of the U. S. Government to this day: Dr. John Marburger, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology (OSTP) in the Executive Office of the President, made remarks to that effect during his 2 confirmation hearings in October 2001. The United States needs metrics for measuring its success in meeting this goal of maintaining leadership in science and technology. That is one of the reasons that the National Science Foundation (NSF) and many other agencies of the U. S.



Nanobiomaterials

Nanobiomaterials Author Anil K. Sharma
ISBN-10 9781351792448
Release 2018-01-03
Pages 528
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This new volume focuses on the ever-growing and ever-sophisticated use of nanobiomaterials in drug delivery. There have been significant developments in the delivery of the active pharmaceutical ingredients to target sites, thereby sparing the normal functioning biological systems from damage, and this volume highlights some of the most important developments in the field. The book first provides an overview of nanobiomaterials and then goes on to report on new developments in drug delivery and nanotechnology, nanobiomaterials as carriers in cancer therapy, and the diverse uses of nanobiomaterials. Broken into sections, the chapters cover: an overview of nanobiomaterials drug delivery and nanotechnology nanobiomaterials as carriers in cancer therapeutics diverse uses of nanobiomaterials This volume will be a valuable resource on drug delivery for pharmaceutical manufacturers, healthcare personnel, and researchers.



Nanotechnology the Brain and the Future

Nanotechnology  the Brain  and the Future Author Sean A. Hays
ISBN-10 9789400717879
Release 2012-08-13
Pages 400
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Our brain is the source of everything that makes us human: language, creativity, rationality, emotion, communication, culture, politics. The neurosciences have given us, in recent decades, fundamental new insights into how the brain works and what that means for how we see ourselves as individuals and as communities. Now – with the help of new advances in nanotechnology – brain science proposes to go further: to study its molecular foundations, to repair brain functions, to create mind-machine interfaces, and to enhance human mental capacities in radical ways. This book explores the convergence of these two revolutionary scientific fields and the implications of this convergence for the future of human societies. In the process, the book offers a significant new approach to technology assessment, one which operates in real-time, alongside the innovation process, to inform the ways in which new fields of science and technology emerge in, get shaped by, and help shape human societies.



Brain Computer Interface Research

Brain Computer Interface Research Author Christoph Guger
ISBN-10 9783319571324
Release 2017-05-28
Pages 136
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This book describes the prize-winning brain-computer-interface (BCI) projects honored in the community's most prestigious annual award. BCIs enable people to communicate and control their limbs and/or environment using thought processes alone. Research in this field continues to develop and expand rapidly, with many new ideas, research groups, and improved technologies having emerged in recent years. The chapters in this volume feature the newest developments from many of the best labs worldwide. They present both non-invasive systems (based on the EEG) and intracortical methods (based on spikes or ECoG), and numerous innovative applications that will benefit new user groups



Nanotechnology Research Directions for Societal Needs in 2020

Nanotechnology Research Directions for Societal Needs in 2020 Author Mihail C. Roco
ISBN-10 9789400711686
Release 2011-06-17
Pages 690
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This volume presents a comprehensive perspective on the global scientific, technological, and societal impact of nanotechnology since 2000, and explores the opportunities and research directions in the next decade to 2020. The vision for the future of nanotechnology presented here draws on scientific insights from U.S. experts in the field, examinations of lessons learned, and international perspectives shared by participants from 35 countries in a series of high-level workshops organized by Mike Roco of the National Science Foundation (NSF), along with a team of American co-hosts that includes Chad Mirkin, Mark Hersam, Evelyn Hu, and several other eminent U.S. scientists. The study performed in support of the U.S. National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) aims to redefine the R&D goals for nanoscale science and engineering integration and to establish nanotechnology as a general-purpose technology in the next decade. It intends to provide decision makers in academia, industry, and government with a nanotechnology community perspective of productive and responsible paths forward for nanotechnology R&D.



Glial Neurobiology

Glial Neurobiology Author Alexei Verkhratsky
ISBN-10 0470513071
Release 2007-08-20
Pages 230
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"This volume is a very valuable and much needed contribution." –Quarterly Review of Biology AT LAST - A comprehensive, accessible textbook on glial neurobiology! Glial cells are the most numerous cells in the human brain but for many years have attracted little scientific attention. Neurophysiologists concentrated their research efforts instead, on neurones and neuronal networks because it was thought that they were the key elements responsible for higher brain function. Recent advances, however, indicate this isn’t exactly the case. Not only are astroglial cells the stem elements from which neurones are born, but they also control the development, functional activity and death of neuronal circuits. These ground-breaking developments have revolutionized our understanding of the human brain and the complex interrelationship of glial and neuronal networks in health and disease. Features of this book: an accessible introduction to glial neurobiology including an overview of glial cell function and its active role in neural processes, brain function and nervous system pathology an exploration of all the major types of glial cells including: the astrocytes, oligodendrocytes and microglia of the ACNS and Schwann cells of the peripheral nervous system; the book also presents a broad overview of glial receptors and ion channels an investigation into the role of glial cells in various types of brain diseases including stroke, neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and Alexander's disease, brain oedema, multiple sclerosis and many more a wealth of illustrations, including unique images from the authors' own libraries of images, describing the main features of glial cells Written by two leading experts in the field, Glial Neurobiology provides a concise, authoritative introduction to glial physiology and pathology for undergraduate/postgraduate neuroscience, biomedical, medical, pharmacy, pharmacology, and neurology, neurosurgery and physiology students. It is also an invaluable resource for researchers in neuroscience, physiology, pharmacology and pharmaceutics.



Ultimate Computing

Ultimate Computing Author S.R. Hameroff
ISBN-10 9780444600097
Release 2014-04-11
Pages 380
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The possibility of direct interfacing between biological and technological information devices could result in a merger of mind and machine - Ultimate Computing. This book, a thorough consideration of this idea, involves a number of disciplines, including biochemistry, cognitive science, computer science, engineering, mathematics, microbiology, molecular biology, pharmacology, philosophy, physics, physiology, and psychology.



Emerging Cognitive Neuroscience and Related Technologies

Emerging Cognitive Neuroscience and Related Technologies Author Committee on Military and Intelligence Methodology for Emergent Neruophysiological and Cognitive/Neural Research in the Next Two Decades
ISBN-10 9780309118941
Release 2008-11-06
Pages 214
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Emerging Cognitive Neuroscience and Related Technologies, from the National Research Council, identifies and explores several specific research areas that have implications for U.S. national security, and should therefore be monitored consistently by the intelligence community. These areas include: neurophysiological advances in detecting and measuring indicators of psychological states and intentions of individuals the development of drugs or technologies that can alter human physical or cognitive abilities advances in real-time brain imaging breakthroughs in high-performance computing and neuronal modeling that could allow researchers to develop systems which mimic functions of the human brain, particularly the ability to organize disparate forms of data. As these fields continue to grow, it will be imperative that the intelligence community be able to identify scientific advances relevant to national security when they occur. To do so will require adequate funding, intelligence analysts with advanced training in science and technology, and increased collaboration with the scientific community, particularly academia. A key tool for the intelligence community, this book will also be a useful resource for the health industry, the military, and others with a vested interest in technologies such as brain imaging and cognitive or physical enhancers.