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Native Speakerism in Japan

Native Speakerism in Japan Author Stephanie Ann Houghton
ISBN-10 9781847698711
Release 2013-02-19
Pages 280
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The relative status of native and non-native speaker language teachers within educational institutions has long been an issue worldwide but until recently, the voices of teachers articulating their own concerns have been rare. Existing work has tended to focus upon the position of non-native teachers and their struggle against unfavourable comparisons with their native-speaker counterparts. However, more recently, native-speaker language teachers have also been placed in the academic spotlight as interest grows in language-based forms of prejudice such as ‘native-speakerism’ – a dominant ideology prevalent within the Japanese context of English language education. This innovative volume explores wide-ranging issues related to native-speakerism as it manifests itself in the Japanese and Italian educational contexts to show how native-speaker teachers can also be the targets of multifarious forms of prejudice and discrimination in the workplace.



Social Identities and Multiple Selves in Foreign Language Education

Social Identities and Multiple Selves in Foreign Language Education Author Damian J. Rivers
ISBN-10 9781441160645
Release 2013-07-18
Pages 256
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Within foreign language education contexts across the globe, inadequate attention has been paid to documenting the dynamics of identity development, negotiation and management. This book looks at these dynamics in specific relation to otherness, in addition to attitudinal and behavioural overtones created through use of the term 'foreign' (despite its position as an integral marker in language acquisition discourse). This book argues that individual identities are multidimensional constructs that gravitate around a hub of intricate social networks of multimodal intergroup interaction. The chapters pursue a collective desire to move the notion of identity away from theoretical abstraction and toward the lived experiences of foreign language teachers and students. While the identities entangled with these interactions owe a significant measure of their existence to the immediate social context, they can also be actively developed by their holders. The collection of chapters within this book demonstrate how foreign language education environments (traditional and non-traditional) are ideal locations for the development of a sophisticated repertoire of discursive strategies used in the formulation, navigation, expression and management of social identities and multiple selves.



Exploring Japanese University English Teachers TM Professional Identity

Exploring Japanese University English Teachers    TM Professional Identity Author Diane Hawley Nagatomo
ISBN-10 9781847696496
Release 2012-01-30
Pages 232
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This book contributes to the growing field of EFL teacher identity, which is now recognized to influence numerous aspects of classroom teaching and of student learning. It focuses on an under-researched, and yet highly influential group of teachers that shape English language education in Japan: Japanese university English teachers. In three interrelated narrative studies, it examines how four relatively new teachers develop professional identity as they become members of the community of practice of university English teachers; how gender impacts the professional identity of seven female professors ranging in age from their early 30s to their 60s; and how one teacher’s teaching practices and beliefs reflect her personal and professional identity.



Beyond Native Speakerism

Beyond Native Speakerism Author Stephanie Ann Houghton
ISBN-10 9781317286509
Release 2018-06-14
Pages 264
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Despite unsubstantiated claims of best practice, the division of language-teaching professionals on the basis of their categorization as ‘native-speakers’ or ‘non-native speakers’ continues to cascade throughout the academic literature. It has become normative, under the rhetorical guise of acting to correct prejudice and/or discrimination, to see native-speakerism as having a single beneficiary – the ‘native-speaker’ – and a single victim – the ‘non-native’ speaker. However, this unidirectional perspective fails to deal with the more veiled systems through which those labeled as native-speakers and non-native speakers are both cast as casualties of this questionable bifurcation. This volume documents such complexities and aims to fill the void currently observable within mainstream academic literature in the teaching of both English, and Japanese, foreign language education. By identifying how the construct of Japanese native-speaker mirrors that of the ‘native-speaker’ of English, the volume presents a revealing insight into language teaching in Japan. Further, taking a problem-solving approach, this volume explores possible grounds on which language teachers could be employed if native-speakerism is rejected according to experts in the fields of intercultural communicative competence, English as a Lingua Franca and World Englishes, all of which aim to replace the ‘native-speaker’ model with something new.



Critical Cultural Awareness

Critical Cultural Awareness Author Stephanie Ann Houghton
ISBN-10 9781443867665
Release 2014-09-26
Pages 285
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In a rapidly globalizing world, one of the most challenging barriers to be overcome is the stereotype. This book aims to promote understanding of the nature of stereotypes, and to suggest ways in which teachers can manage them by developing critical cultural awareness as an intrinsic part of the intercultural communicative competence of their students. Part 1 of the book explores ways of defining, eliciting and illustrating stereotypes from theoretical standpoints. Part 2 showcases ways of addressing stereotypes through intercultural (language) education to provide teachers with a firm platform for the practical application of their knowledge and skills when attempting to manage stereotypes in the classroom.



En Countering Native speakerism

 En Countering Native speakerism Author Adrian Holliday
ISBN-10 9781137463500
Release 2015-09-29
Pages 212
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The book addresses the issue of native-speakerism, an ideology based on the assumption that 'native speakers' of English have a special claim to the language itself, through critical qualitative studies of the lived experiences of practising teachers and students in a range of scenarios.



Intelligibility in World Englishes

Intelligibility in World Englishes Author Cecil L. Nelson
ISBN-10 9781136837272
Release 2012-01-27
Pages 152
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Intelligibility is the term most generally used to address the complex of criteria that describe, broadly, how useful someone’s English is when talking or writing to someone else. Set within the paradigm of world Englishes – which posits that the Englishes of the world may be seen as flexibly categorized into three Circles (Inner, Outer, Expanding) in terms of their historical developments – this text provides a comprehensive overview of the definitions and scopes of intelligibility, comprehensibility and interpretability, and addresses key topics within this paradigm: Who – if anyone – provides the models and norms for a given population of English users? Hybridity and creativity in world Englishes Evaluating paradigms: misinformation and disinformation Practicalities of dealing with the widening variety of Englishes Is English "falling apart"? The much-debated issue of intelligibility touches not only sociolinguistic theory but all aspects of English language teaching, second language acquisition, language curriculum planning, and regional or national language planning. Designed for students, teacher educators, and scholars internationally, each chapter includes ‘Topics for Discussion and Assignments’ and ‘Suggestions for Further Reading’.



Foreign Language Education in Japan

Foreign Language Education in Japan Author Sachiko Horiguchi
ISBN-10 9789463003254
Release 2015-12-23
Pages 192
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Language education is a highly contested arena within any nation and one that arouses an array of sentiments and identity conflicts. What languages, or what varieties of a language, are to be taught and learned, and how? By whom, for whom, for what purposes and in what contexts? Such questions concern not only policy makers but also teachers, parents, students, as well as businesspeople, politicians, and other social actors. For Japan, a nation state with ideologies of national identity strongly tied to language, these issues have long been of particular concern. This volume presents the cacophony of voices in the field of language education in contemporary Japan, with its focus on English language education. It explores the complex and intricate relationships between the “local” and the “global,” and more specifically the links between the levels of policy, educational institutions, classrooms, and the individual. In the much-contested field of foreign language teaching in Japan, this book takes the reader directly to the places that really matter. With the help of expert guides in the fields of anthropology, sociology and linguistics, we are invited to join a vital discussion about the potentially revolutionary implications of the Japanese government’s policy of teaching Japanese citizens to not only passively engage with written English texts but to actually use English as a means of global communication.” – Robert Aspinall, PhD (Oxford), Professor, Faculty of Economics, Department of Social Systems, Shiga University, Japan This insightful book about language education involves different disciplines using ethnographic methods. Both ‘native’ and ‘non-native’ speakers of Japanese (or English) collaboratively examine two different types of qualitative approaches in Japan – the positivistic and the processual. This is a must-have book for researchers and educators of language who are interested in not only Japan but also language education generally.” – Shinji Sato, PhD (Columbia), Director of the Japanese Language Program, Department of East Asian Studies, Princeton University, USA.



The native speaker is dead

The native speaker is dead Author Thomas M. Paikeday
ISBN-10 UOM:39015012063908
Release 1985
Pages 109
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The native speaker is dead has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The native speaker is dead also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The native speaker is dead book for free.



Ideology Agency and Intercultural Communicative Competence

Ideology  Agency  and Intercultural Communicative Competence Author Jeremie Bouchard
ISBN-10 9789811039263
Release 2017-05-06
Pages 368
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Associated with an important epistemological shift from language proficiency to language criticality in applied linguistic research, this book provides a sociological perspective on foreign language education in Japan. By employing ethnographic methods to investigate the relationship between three core analytical elements – foreign language education geared towards the development of learners’ intercultural communicative competence; nihonjinron and native-speakerism as potentially constraining ideological forces; and EFL practices observed at four Japanese junior high schools – the author not only shares valuable insights into how English is taught and learned in a stratum of the Japanese EFL system which has received limited attention from researchers over the years, but also clarifies the fundamental and complex changes currently taking place in the Japanese EFL landscape. This multi-faceted book also calls for greater consideration in postmodern ideology critique for the stratified nature of social processes as well as the material conditions and underlying generative mechanisms involved in the production and consumption of (including resistance to) ideological discourse. Accordingly, it outlines several challenges shaping ideology research in educational settings, and responds by developing a realist-oriented theoretical and methodological approach to address these challenges. This book serves as a unique point of reference for the study of parallel nationalist discourses embedded in foreign language education systems around the world.



English in Japan in the Era of Globalization

English in Japan in the Era of Globalization Author P. Seargeant
ISBN-10 9780230306196
Release 2011-07-19
Pages 208
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Leading scholars in the field examine the role played by the English language in contemporary Japanese society. Their various chapters cover the nature, status, and function of English in Japan, focusing on the ways in which globalization is influencing language practices in the country.



Towards Post Native Speakerism

Towards Post Native Speakerism Author Stephanie Ann Houghton
ISBN-10 9789811071621
Release 2017-12-05
Pages 261
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This book probes for a post-native-speakerist future. It explores the nature of (English and Japanese) native-speakerism in the Japanese context, and possible grounds on which language teachers could be employed if native-speakerism is rejected (i.e., what are the language teachers of the future expected to do, and be, in practice?). It reveals the problems presented by the native-speaker model in foreign language education by exploring individual teacher-researcher narratives related to workplace experience and language-based inclusion/exclusion, as well as Japanese native-speakerism in the teaching of Japanese as a foreign language. It then seeks solutions to the problems by examining the concept of post-native-speakerism in relation to multilingual perspectives and globalisation generally, with a specific focus on education.



Unequal Englishes

Unequal Englishes Author R. Tupas
ISBN-10 9781137461223
Release 2015-05-26
Pages 267
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This book proposes, examines and unpacks the notion of unequal Englishes as a way to understand English today. Unlike many studies on the pluralization of English, the volume assumes that inequalities and Englishes are inextricably linked and must be understood and theorized together.



Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics

Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics Author Jack C. Richards
ISBN-10 9781317863052
Release 2013-11-04
Pages 656
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This best-selling dictionary is now in its 4th edition. Specifically written for students of language teaching and applied linguistics, it has become an indispensible resource for those engaged in courses in TEFL, TESOL, applied linguistics and introductory courses in general linguistics. Fully revised, this new edition includes over 350 new entries. Previous definitions have been revised or replaced in order to make this the most up-to-date and comprehensive dictionary available. Providing straightforward and accessible explanations of difficult terms and ideas in applied linguistics, this dictionary offers: Nearly 3000 detailed entries, from subject areas such as teaching methodology, curriculum development, sociolinguistics, syntax and phonetics. Clear and accurate definitions which assume no prior knowledge of the subject matter helpful diagrams and tables cross references throughout, linking related subject areas for ease of reference, and helping to broaden students' knowledge The Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics is the definitive resource for students.



Understanding English as a Lingua Franca

Understanding English as a Lingua Franca Author Barbara Seidlhofer
ISBN-10 0194375005
Release 2011-09-22
Pages 240
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Gives a clear explanation of the theories and principles underlying ELF studies and how they relate to other areas of research, such as second language acquisition, sociolinguistic variation, and World Englishes Accessible and relevant to a wide range of readers: applied linguists (especially sociolinguists), master's students, teacher trainers and teachers, and anybody with an interest in the English language and how it is used worldwide. The author is a leading authority in ELF and the book addresses and brings up to date many aspects of her thinking and research in this field. The book is grounded in practical research. The author is founding director of the Vienna-Oxford International Corpus of English (VOICE), the first freely-accessible computer-corpus of interactions in English as a lingua franca. Reference is made to this data throughout. Includes a final chapter addressing the potential practical implications of work on ELF for English language teaching.



English as Medium of Instruction in Japanese Higher Education

English as Medium of Instruction in Japanese Higher Education Author Glenn Toh
ISBN-10 9783319397054
Release 2016-10-19
Pages 213
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This book sets out to uncover and discuss the curricular, pedagogical as well as cultural-political issues relating to ideological contradictions inherent in the adoption of English as medium of instruction in Japanese education. Situating the Japanese adoption of EMI in contradicting discourses of outward globalization and inward Japaneseness, the book critiques the current trend, in which EMI merely serves as an ornamental and promotional function rather than a robust educational intervention.



Resistance to the Known

Resistance to the Known Author D. Rivers
ISBN-10 9781137345196
Release 2014-12-10
Pages 243
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This volume stands as a demonstration of resistance to 'the known' (i.e. the tyranny of the expected) through individual and collective counter-conduct within the domain of language education. Supported by data drawn from various local and national contexts, the book challenges the pedagogies, practices, and policies of 'the institution'.