Download or read online books in PDF, EPUB and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.

Natural Computing DNA Quantum Bits and the Future of Smart Machines

Natural Computing  DNA  Quantum Bits  and the Future of Smart Machines Author Dennis E. Shasha
ISBN-10 9780393077193
Release 2010-05-17
Pages 320
Download Link Click Here

Reports from the cutting edge, where physics and biology are changing the fundamental assumptions of computing. Computers built from DNA, bacteria, or foam. Robots that fix themselves on Mars. Bridges that report when they are aging. This is the bizarre and fascinating world of Natural Computing. Computer scientist and Scientific American’s “Puzzling Adventures” columnist Dennis Shasha here teams up with journalist Cathy Lazere to explore the outer reaches of computing. Drawing on interviews with fifteen leading scientists, the authors present an unexpected vision: the future of computing is a synthesis with nature. That vision will change not only computer science but also fields as disparate as finance, engineering, and medicine. Space engineers are at work designing machines that adapt to extreme weather and radiation. “Wetware” processing built on DNA or bacterial cells races closer to reality. One scientist’s “extended analog computer” measures answers instead of calculating them using ones and zeros. In lively, readable prose, Shasha and Lazere take readers on a tour of the future of smart machines.



Storing Clocked Programs Inside DNA

Storing Clocked Programs Inside DNA Author Jessica P. Chang
ISBN-10 9781608456956
Release 2011
Pages 63
Download Link Click Here

In the history of modern computation, large mechanical calculators preceded computers. A person would sit there punching keys according to a procedure and a number would eventually appear. Once calculators became fast enough, it became obvious that the critical path was the punching rather than the calculation itself. That is what made the stored program concept vital to further progress. Once the instructions were stored in the machine, the entire computation could run at the speed of the machine. This book shows how to do the same thing for DNA computing. Rather than asking a robot or a person to pour in specific strands at different times in order to cause a DNA computation to occur (by analogy to a person punching numbers and operations into a mechanical calculator), the DNA instructions are stored within the solution and guide the entire computation. We show how to store straight line programs, conditionals, loops, and a rudimentary form of subroutines. To achieve this goal, the book proposes a complete language for describing the intrinsic topology of DNA complexes and nanomachines, along with the dynamics of such a system. We then describe dynamic behavior using a set of basic transitions, which operate on a small neighborhood within a complex in a well-defined way. These transitions can be formalized as purely syntactical functions of the string representations. Building on that foundation, the book proposes a novel machine motif which constitutes an instruction stack, allowing for the clocked release of an arbitrary sequence of DNA instruction or data strands. The clock mechanism is built of special strands of DNA called "tick" and "tock." Each time a "tick" and "tock" enter a DNA solution, a strand is released from an instruction stack (by analogy to the way in which as a clock cycle in an electronic computer causes a new instruction to enter a processing unit). As long as there remain strands on the stack, the next cycle will release a new instruction strand. Regardless of the actual strand or component to be released at any particular clock step, the "tick" and "tock" fuel strands remain the same, thus shifting the burden of work away from the end user of a machine and easing operation. Pre-loaded stacks enable the concept of a stored program to be realized as a physical DNA mechanism. A conceptual example is given of such a stack operating a walker device. The stack allows for a user to operate such a clocked walker by means of simple repetition of adding two fuel types, in contrast to the previous mechanism of adding a unique fuel -- at least 12 different types of strands -- for each step of the mechanism. We demonstrate by a series of experiments conducted in Ned Seeman's lab that it is possible to "initialize" a clocked stored program DNA machine. We end the book with a discussion of the design features of a programming language for clocked DNA programming. There is a lot left to do. Table of Contents: Introduction / Notation / A Topological Description of DNA Computing / Machines and Motifs / Experiment: Storing Clocked Programs in DNA / A Clocked DNA Programming Language



A Shortcut Through Time

A Shortcut Through Time Author George Johnson
ISBN-10 9780307424518
Release 2007-12-18
Pages 224
Download Link Click Here

In this remarkably illustrative and thoroughly accessible look at one of the most intriguing frontiers in science and computers, award-winning New York Times writer George Johnson reveals the fascinating world of quantum computing—the holy grail of super computers where the computing power of single atoms is harnassed to create machines capable of almost unimaginable calculations in the blink of an eye. As computer chips continue to shrink in size, scientists anticipate the end of the road: A computer in which each switch is comprised of a single atom. Such a device would operate under a different set of physical laws: The laws of quantum mechanics. Johnson gently leads the curious outsider through the surprisingly simple ideas needed to understand this dream, discussing the current state of the revolution, and ultimately assessing the awesome power these machines could have to change our world. From the Trade Paperback edition.



Puzzling Adventures Tales of Strategy Logic and Mathematical Skill

Puzzling Adventures  Tales of Strategy  Logic  and Mathematical Skill Author Dennis E. Shasha
ISBN-10 9780393326635
Release 2005-01-17
Pages 227
Download Link Click Here

A collection of thirty-five Scientific American mathematical puzzles is enhanced to provide maximum recreational benefits and challenges participants to strategize fund investments, escape a Minotaur, play power politics, verify DNA, and more. Original. 15,000 first printing.



Doctor Ecco s Cyberpuzzles 36 Puzzles for Hackers and Other Mathematical Detectives

Doctor Ecco s Cyberpuzzles  36 Puzzles for Hackers and Other Mathematical Detectives Author Dennis E. Shasha
ISBN-10 9780393325416
Release 2004-02-17
Pages 256
Download Link Click Here

A collection of thirty-six baffling cases allows the reader to join mathematical sleuth Dr. Ecco in solving these baffling cases, which are organized around eight major mathematical themes, with the help of one's mathematical and computer skills. Reprint. 13,000 first printing.



The Singularity is Near

The Singularity is Near Author Ray Kurzweil
ISBN-10 9780715640159
Release 2010-02-11
Pages 683
Download Link Click Here

Inventor and futurist Ray Kurzweil examines the next step in the evolutionary process of the union of human and machine. He foresees the dawning of a new civilization where we will be able to transcend our biological skills with the vastly greater capacity, speed and knowledge-sharing abilities of our creations. In practical terms, human aging and illness will be reversed; pollution will be stopped and world hunger and poverty will be solved. There will be no clear distinction between human and machine, real reality and virtual reality. The Singularity is Near offers a view of the coming age that is both a dramatic culmination of centuries of technological ingenuity and a genuinely inspiring vision of our ultimate destiny.



The Puzzling Adventures of Dr Ecco

The Puzzling Adventures of Dr  Ecco Author Dennis Elliott Shasha
ISBN-10 0486296156
Release 1997-07
Pages 181
Download Link Click Here

Join math detective in solving nearly 40 puzzles inspired by methods in computer science and mathematics. The Tower of Lego, Odd Doors Problem, Spies and Double Agents, many more. Solutions.



Theoretical and Technological Advancements in Nanotechnology and Molecular Computation Interdisciplinary Gains

Theoretical and Technological Advancements in Nanotechnology and Molecular Computation  Interdisciplinary Gains Author MacLennan, Bruce
ISBN-10 9781609601881
Release 2010-11-30
Pages 392
Download Link Click Here

Theoretical and Technological Advancements in Nanotechnology and Molecular Computation: Interdisciplinary Gains compiles research in areas where nanoscience and computer science meet. This book explores current and future trends that discus areas such as, cellular nanocomputers, DNA self-assembly, and the architectural design of a "nano-brain." The authors of each chapter have provided in-depth insight into the current state of research in nanotechnology and molecular computation as well as identified successful approaches, tools and methodologies in their research.



The Little Book of String Theory

The Little Book of String Theory Author Steven S. Gubser
ISBN-10 1400834430
Release 2010-02-08
Pages 184
Download Link Click Here

The Little Book of String Theory offers a short, accessible, and entertaining introduction to one of the most talked-about areas of physics today. String theory has been called the "theory of everything." It seeks to describe all the fundamental forces of nature. It encompasses gravity and quantum mechanics in one unifying theory. But it is unproven and fraught with controversy. After reading this book, you'll be able to draw your own conclusions about string theory. Steve Gubser begins by explaining Einstein's famous equation E = mc2 , quantum mechanics, and black holes. He then gives readers a crash course in string theory and the core ideas behind it. In plain English and with a minimum of mathematics, Gubser covers strings, branes, string dualities, extra dimensions, curved spacetime, quantum fluctuations, symmetry, and supersymmetry. He describes efforts to link string theory to experimental physics and uses analogies that nonscientists can understand. How does Chopin's Fantasie-Impromptu relate to quantum mechanics? What would it be like to fall into a black hole? Why is dancing a waltz similar to contemplating a string duality? Find out in the pages of this book. The Little Book of String Theory is the essential, most up-to-date beginner's guide to this elegant, multidimensional field of physics.



Internet of Things

Internet of Things Author Peter Friess
ISBN-10 9788792982735
Release 2013-06
Pages 364
Download Link Click Here

The book aims to provide a broad overview of various topics of the Internet of Things (IoT) from the research and development priorities to enabling technologies, architecture, security, privacy, interoperability and industrial applications. It is intended to be a stand-alone book in a series that covers the Internet of Things activities of the IERC - Internet of Things European Research Cluster - from technology to international cooperation and the global "state of play." The book builds on the ideas put forward by the European Research Cluster on the Internet of Things Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda and presents views and state of the art results on the challenges facing the research, development and deployment of IoT at the global level. Today we see the integration of Industrial, Business and Consumer Internet which is bringing together the Internet of People, Internet of Things, Internet of Energy, Internet of Vehicles, Internet of Media, Services and Enterprises in forming the backbone of the digital economy, the digital society and the foundation for the future knowledge and innovation based economy. These developments are supporting solutions for the emerging challenges of public health, aging population, environmental protection and climate change, the conservation of energy and scarce materials, enhancements to safety and security and the continuation and growth of economic prosperity. Penetration of smartphones and advances in nanoelectronics, cyber-physical systems, wireless communication, software, and Cloud computing technology will be the main drivers for IoT development. The IoT contribution is seen in the increased value of information created by the number of interconnections among things and the transformation of the processed information into knowledge shared into the Internet of Everything. The connected devices are part of ecosystems connecting people, processes, data, and things which are communicating in the Cloud using the increased storage and computing power while attempting to standardize communication and metadata. In this context, the next generation of Cloud computing technologies will need to be flexible enough to scale autonomously, adaptive enough to handle constantly changing connections and resilient enough to stand up to the huge flows of data that will occur. In 2025, analysts forecast that there will be six devices per human on the planet, which means around 50 billion more connected devices over the next 12 years. The Internet of Things market is connected to this anticipated device growth from industrial Machine to Machine (M2M) systems, smart meters and wireless sensors. Internet of Things technology will generate new services and new interfaces by creating smart environments and smart spaces with applications ranging from Smart Cities, Smart Transport, Buildings, Energy, Grid, to Smart Health and Life.



Nano Quantum and Molecular Computing

Nano  Quantum and Molecular Computing Author Sandeep Kumar Shukla
ISBN-10 9781402080685
Release 2007-05-08
Pages 358
Download Link Click Here

One of the grand challenges in the nano-scopic computing era is guarantees of robustness. Robust computing system design is confronted with quantum physical, probabilistic, and even biological phenomena, and guaranteeing high reliability is much more difficult than ever before. Scaling devices down to the level of single electron operation will bring forth new challenges due to probabilistic effects and uncertainty in guaranteeing 'zero-one' based computing. Minuscule devices imply billions of devices on a single chip, which may help mitigate the challenge of uncertainty by replication and redundancy. However, such device densities will create a design and validation nightmare with the shear scale. The questions that confront computer engineers regarding the current status of nanocomputing material and the reliability of systems built from such miniscule devices, are difficult to articulate and answer. We have found a lack of resources in the confines of a single volume that at least partially attempts to answer these questions. We believe that this volume contains a large amount of research material as well as new ideas that will be very useful for some one starting research in the arena of nanocomputing, not at the device level, but the problems one would face at system level design and validation when nanoscopic physicality will be present at the device level.



Puzzles for Programmers and Pros

Puzzles for Programmers and Pros Author Dennis Shasha
ISBN-10 9780470121689
Release 2007-05-07
Pages 226
Download Link Click Here

Provides problem-solving techniques to help improve puzzle-solving skills.



Visions

Visions Author Michio Kaku
ISBN-10 0192880187
Release 1999-03-04
Pages 403
Download Link Click Here

This volume collects the research of today's scientists to explore the possibilities of the science of tomorrow. Among the issues covered are how decoding DNA will allow us to alter and reshape our genetic heritage, and how quantum physicists will harness the energy of the Universe.



The Age of Spiritual Machines

The Age of Spiritual Machines Author Ray Kurzweil
ISBN-10 1439504415
Release 2008-06-26
Pages 388
Download Link Click Here

The creator of the Kurzweil Reading Machine, the Kurzweil synthesizer, and the Windows 95 voicerecognition program offers logical and readable forecasts about twentyfirst century technology. Reprint.



Life 3 0

Life 3 0 Author Max Tegmark
ISBN-10 9781101946602
Release 2017-08-29
Pages 384
Download Link Click Here

New York Times Best Seller How will Artificial Intelligence affect crime, war, justice, jobs, society and our very sense of being human? The rise of AI has the potential to transform our future more than any other technology—and there’s nobody better qualified or situated to explore that future than Max Tegmark, an MIT professor who’s helped mainstream research on how to keep AI beneficial. How can we grow our prosperity through automation without leaving people lacking income or purpose? What career advice should we give today’s kids? How can we make future AI systems more robust, so that they do what we want without crashing, malfunctioning or getting hacked? Should we fear an arms race in lethal autonomous weapons? Will machines eventually outsmart us at all tasks, replacing humans on the job market and perhaps altogether? Will AI help life flourish like never before or give us more power than we can handle? What sort of future do you want? This book empowers you to join what may be the most important conversation of our time. It doesn’t shy away from the full range of viewpoints or from the most controversial issues—from superintelligence to meaning, consciousness and the ultimate physical limits on life in the cosmos.



Ultimate Computing

Ultimate Computing Author S.R. Hameroff
ISBN-10 9780444600097
Release 2014-04-11
Pages 380
Download Link Click Here

The possibility of direct interfacing between biological and technological information devices could result in a merger of mind and machine - Ultimate Computing. This book, a thorough consideration of this idea, involves a number of disciplines, including biochemistry, cognitive science, computer science, engineering, mathematics, microbiology, molecular biology, pharmacology, philosophy, physics, physiology, and psychology.



Programming the Universe

Programming the Universe Author Seth Lloyd
ISBN-10 9780307264718
Release 2006-03-14
Pages 240
Download Link Click Here

Is the universe actually a giant quantum computer? According to Seth Lloyd, the answer is yes. All interactions between particles in the universe, Lloyd explains, convey not only energy but also information–in other words, particles not only collide, they compute. What is the entire universe computing, ultimately? “Its own dynamical evolution,” he says. “As the computation proceeds, reality unfolds.” Programming the Universe, a wonderfully accessible book, presents an original and compelling vision of reality, revealing our world in an entirely new light. From the Trade Paperback edition.