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Natural Selection and Social Theory

Natural Selection and Social Theory Author Robert Trivers
ISBN-10 0195351428
Release 2002-09-05
Pages 368
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Robert Trivers is a pioneering figure in the field of sociobiology. For Natural Selection and Social Theory, he has selected eleven of his most influential papers, including several classic papers from the early 1970s on the evolution of reciprocal altruism, parent-offspring conflicts, and asymmetry in sexual selection, which helped to establish the centrality of sociobiology, as well as some of his later work on deceit in signalling, sex antagonistic genes, and imprinting. Trivers introduces each paper, setting them in their contemporary context, and critically evaluating them in the light of subsequent work and further developments. The result is a unique portrait of the intellectual development of sociobiology, with valuable insights for evolutionary biology, anthropology, and psychology.



Genes in Conflict

Genes in Conflict Author Austin BURT
ISBN-10 9780674029118
Release 2009-06-30
Pages 632
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Covering all species from yeast to humans, this is the first book to tell the story of selfish genetic elements that act narrowly to advance their own replication at the expense of the larger organism.



The Folly of Fools

The Folly of Fools Author Robert Trivers
ISBN-10 9780465027552
Release 2011
Pages 397
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Explores the author's theorized evolutionary basis for self-deception, which he says is tied to group conflict, courtship, neurophysiology, and immunology, but can be negated by awareness of it and its results.



Nature s Oracle

Nature s Oracle Author Ullica Segerstrale
ISBN-10 9780198607274
Release 2013-02-28
Pages 441
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W.D.Hamilton was responsible for one of the major revolutions in evolutionary thought since Darwin - that of the 'gene's eye view of life'. He was a scientific pioneer, a misunderstood genius: risk-taker, jungle explorer, and uncompromising truth-seeker. This illuminating and moving biography documents Hamilton's extraordinary life and science.



An Introduction to Evolutionary Ethics

An Introduction to Evolutionary Ethics Author Scott M. James
ISBN-10 9781444329520
Release 2010-11-23
Pages 240
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Offering the first general introductory text to this subject, the timely Introduction to Evolutionary Ethics reflects the most up-to-date research and current issues being debated in both psychology and philosophy. The book presents students to the areas of cognitive psychology, normative ethics, and metaethics. The first general introduction to evolutionary ethics Provides a comprehensive survey of work in three distinct areas of research: cognitive psychology, normative ethics, and metaethics Presents the most up-to-date research available in both psychology and philosophy Written in an engaging and accessible style for undergraduates and the interested general reader Discusses the evolution of morality, broadening its relevance to those studying psychology



Deceit and Self Deception

Deceit and Self Deception Author Robert Trivers
ISBN-10 0141019913
Release 2014-01-30
Pages 399
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We lie to ourselves every day: about how well we drive, how much we're enjoying ourselves - even how good looking we are. In this ground-breaking book, Robert Trivers examines not only how we self-deceive, but also why, taking fascinating examples from aviation disasters, con artists, sexual betrayals and conflicts within families. Revealing, provocative and witty, Deceit and Self-Deception is one of the most vital books written this century, and will make you rethink everything that you think you know. 'Original and important . . . remarkable, thick with ideas.' Financial Times 'One of the great thinkers in the history of Western thought.' Steven Pinker 'A swift tour of links between deception and evolutionary progress . . . fascinating.' Economist 'I devoured it from cover to cover . . . exhilarating.' Guardian 'A powerful book . . . essential for anyone who wants to try to counter their own unconscious biases.' Independent



The Selfish Gene

The Selfish Gene Author Richard Dawkins
ISBN-10 0192860925
Release 1989
Pages 352
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An ethologist shows man to be a gene machine whose world is one of savage competition and deceit



Cognition and Communication in the Evolution of Language

Cognition and Communication in the Evolution of Language Author Anne Reboul
ISBN-10 9780191064470
Release 2017-03-01
Pages 320
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This book proposes a new two-step approach to the evolution of language, whereby syntax first evolved as an auto-organizational process for the human conceptual apparatus (as a Language of Thought), and this Language of Thought was then externalized for communication, due to social selection pressures. Anne Reboul first argues that despite the routine use of language in communication, current use is not a failsafe guide to adaptive history. She points out that human cognition is as unique in nature as is language as a communication system, suggesting deep links between human thought and language. If language is seen as a communication system, then the specificities of language, its hierarchical syntax, its creativity, and the ability to use it to talk about absent objects, are a mystery. This book shows that approaching language as a system for thought overcomes these problems, and provides a detailed account of both steps in the evolution of language: its evolution for thought and its externalization for communication.



Rationality for Mortals

Rationality for Mortals Author Gerd Gigerenzer
ISBN-10 9780199890125
Release 2010-04-16
Pages 256
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Gerd Gigerenzer's influential work examines the rationality of individuals not from the perspective of logic or probability, but from the point of view of adaptation to the real world of human behavior and interaction with the environment. Seen from this perspective, human behavior is more rational than it might otherwise appear. This work is extremely influential and has spawned an entire research program. This volume (which follows on a previous collection, Adaptive Thinking, also published by OUP) collects his most recent articles, looking at how people use "fast and frugal heuristics" to calculate probability and risk and make decisions. It includes a newly writen, substantial introduction, and the articles have been revised and updated where appropriate. This volume should appeal, like the earlier volumes, to a broad mixture of cognitive psychologists, philosophers, economists, and others who study decision making.



The Biology of Moral Systems

The Biology of Moral Systems Author Richard Alexander
ISBN-10 9781351329293
Release 2017-09-08
Pages 323
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First Published in 2017. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an Informa company.



Social evolution

Social evolution Author Robert Trivers
ISBN-10 UOM:39015007681078
Release 1985
Pages 462
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Social evolution has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Social evolution also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Social evolution book for free.



Forbidden Fruit

Forbidden Fruit Author Mark D. Regnerus
ISBN-10 0199744947
Release 2009-08-19
Pages 304
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Americans remain deeply ambivalent about teenage sexuality. Many presume that such uneasiness is rooted in religion. But how exactly does religion contribute to the formation of teenagers' sexual values and actions? What difference, if any, does religion make in adolescents' sexual attitudes and behaviors? Are abstinence pledges effective? What does it mean to be "emotionally ready" for sex? Who expresses regrets about their sexual activity and why? Tackling these and other questions, Forbidden Fruit tells the definitive story of the sexual values and practices of American teenagers, paying particular attention to how participating in organized religion shapes sexual decision-making. Merging analyses of three national surveys with stories drawn from interviews with over 250 teenagers across America, Mark Regnerus reviews how young people learn-and what they know-about sex from their parents, schools, peers and other sources. He examines what experiences teens profess to have had, and how they make sense of these experiences in light of their own identities as religious, moral, and responsible persons. Religion can and does matter, Regnerus finds, but religious claims are often swamped by other compelling sexual scripts. Particularly interesting is the emergence of what Regnerus calls a new middle class sexual morality which has little to do with a desire for virginity but nevertheless shuns intercourse in order to avoid risks associated with pregnancy and STDs. And strikingly, evangelical teens aren't less sexually active than their non-evangelical counterparts, they just tend to feel guiltier about it. In fact, Regnerus finds that few religious teens have internalized or are even able to articulate the sexual ethic taught by their denominations. The only-and largely ineffective-sexual message most religious teens are getting is, "Don't do it until you're married." Ultimately, Regnerus concludes, religion may influence adolescent sexual behavior, but it rarely motivates sexual decision making.



A Natural History of Rape

A Natural History of Rape Author Randy Thornhill
ISBN-10 0262700832
Release 2001-02
Pages 272
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A biologist and an anthropologist use evolutionary biology to explain the causes and inform the prevention of rape.



Science Is Culture

Science Is Culture Author Adam Bly
ISBN-10 9780062015464
Release 2010-10-12
Pages 368
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Seed magazine brings together a unique collection of conversations between prominent scientists, artists, and other thinkers, with dialogue designed to tear down the wall between science and society. In this one-of-a-kind-experiment, Science Is Culture offers insights from the Steven Pinker, Tom Wolfe, Noam Chomsky, David Byrne, Errol Morris, Jonathan Lethem, and many more of the world’s brightest burning minds.



Adaptation and Natural Selection

Adaptation and Natural Selection Author George Christopher Williams
ISBN-10 1400820103
Release 2008-09-02
Pages 328
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Biological evolution is a fact--but the many conflicting theories of evolution remain controversial even today. In 1966, simple Darwinism, which holds that evolution functions primarily at the level of the individual organism, was threatened by opposing concepts such as group selection, a popular idea stating that evolution acts to select entire species rather than individuals. George Williams's famous argument in favor of the Darwinists struck a powerful blow to those in opposing camps. His Adaptation and Natural Selection, now a classic of science literature, is a thorough and convincing essay in defense of Darwinism; its suggestions for developing effective principles for dealing with the evolution debate and its relevance to many fields outside biology ensure the timelessness of this critical work.



Why Everyone Else Is a Hypocrite

Why Everyone  Else  Is a Hypocrite Author Robert Kurzban
ISBN-10 9780691154398
Release 2012-05-01
Pages 274
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We're all hypocrites. Why? Hypocrisy is the natural state of the human mind. Robert Kurzban shows us that the key to understanding our behavioral inconsistencies lies in understanding the mind's design. The human mind consists of many specialized units designed by the process of evolution by natural selection. While these modules sometimes work together seamlessly, they don't always, resulting in impossibly contradictory beliefs, vacillations between patience and impulsiveness, violations of our supposed moral principles, and overinflated views of ourselves. This modular, evolutionary psychological view of the mind undermines deeply held intuitions about ourselves, as well as a range of scientific theories that require a "self" with consistent beliefs and preferences. Modularity suggests that there is no "I." Instead, each of us is a contentious "we"--a collection of discrete but interacting systems whose constant conflicts shape our interactions with one another and our experience of the world. In clear language, full of wit and rich in examples, Kurzban explains the roots and implications of our inconsistent minds, and why it is perfectly natural to believe that everyone else is a hypocrite.



Human Social Evolution

Human Social Evolution Author Kyle Summers
ISBN-10 9780199791750
Release 2013-08-15
Pages 304
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Presents classic papers or chapters by Dr. Alexander, each focused on an important theme from his work