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Naturalism and Philosophical Anthropology

Naturalism and Philosophical Anthropology Author Phillip Honenberger
ISBN-10 9781137500885
Release 2015-10-29
Pages 258
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What is a human being? Philosophical anthropology has approached this question with unusual sophistication, experimentalism, and subtlety. This volume explores the philosophical anthropologies of Scheler, Gehlen, Plessner, and Blumenberg in terms of their relevance to contemporary theories of nature, naturalism, organic life, and human affairs.

Anthropology s Interrogation of Philosophy from the Eighteenth to the Twentieth Century

Anthropology s Interrogation of Philosophy from the Eighteenth to the Twentieth Century Author Jerome Fanning Marsden Carroll
ISBN-10 9781498558013
Release 2017-12-06
Pages 256
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Anthropology's Interrogation of Philosophy from the Eighteenth to the Twentieth Century presents and discusses key aspects of the German tradition of philosophical anthropology from the eighteenth to the twentieth century, centering on the concept of anthropology as a study of the ‘whole, concrete man’ (Heinrich Weber, 1810). Philosophical anthropology appears during the last decades of the eighteenth century in the often practically-oriented writings of men such as Ernst Platner, Karl Wezel, and Johann Herder, and is then taken up in the twentieth century by thinkers including Max Scheler, Helmut Plessner, Arnold Gehlen, and Hans Blumenberg. In presenting this tradition, the book serves two primary purposes. Firstly, it introduces English readers in a coherent manner to key aspects of a two-hundred year tradition in German thought. Secondly, the book analyzes in an unprecedented manner, even in German scholarship, the connections between the philosophical debates associated with anthropology at the end of the eighteenth century and ongoing philosophical issues in the twentieth century. Specifically, author Jerome Carroll argues that late eighteenth century anthropology diverges pointedly from traditional, "foundational" approaches to philosophy, for instance rejecting philosophy’s quest for absolute foundations for knowledge or a priori categories and turning to a more descriptive account of man’s "being in the world." Notably, by drawing on the epistemological, ontological, and methodological aspects and implications of anthropological holism, this book reads the philosophical significance of classical twentieth century anthropology through the lens of eighteenth century writings on anthropology.

Moral Engines

Moral Engines Author Cheryl Mattingly
ISBN-10 9781785336942
Release 2017-11-09
Pages 266
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In the past fifteen years, there has been a virtual explosion of anthropological literature arguing that morality should be considered central to human practice. Out of this explosion new and invigorating conversations have emerged between anthropologists and philosophers. Moral Engines: Exploring the Ethical Drives in Human Life includes essays from some of the foremost voices in the anthropology of morality, offering unique interdisciplinary conversations between anthropologists and philosophers about the moral engines of ethical life, addressing the question: What propels humans to act in light of ethical ideals?

The Language Animal

The Language Animal Author Charles Taylor
ISBN-10 9780674970274
Release 2016-03-14
Pages 364
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From Sources of the Self to A Secular Age, Charles Taylor has shown how we create ways of being, as individuals and as a society. Here, he demonstrates that language is at the center of this generative process. Language does not merely describe; it constitutes meaning, and the shared practice of speech shapes human experience.

Death and Finitude

Death and Finitude Author Sami Pihlström
ISBN-10 9781498524421
Release 2016-09-21
Pages 228
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This book integrates pragmatism and transcendental philosophy in examining the most serious problem defining the human condition, death and mortality. Its analysis of human limits and finitude is intended to be relevant to the concerns of philosophers specializing in, for example, transcendental philosophy, philosophical anthropology, pragmatism, Wittgenstein, and the philosophy of religion. Mortality is studied as providing a necessary framework within which questions concerning the meaningfulness or meaninglessness of human life become possible.

Naturalizing the Transcendental

Naturalizing the Transcendental Author Sami Pihlström
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105111832817
Release 2003
Pages 390
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Though it has often been claimed that pragmatism was formed as a synthesis of Kant and Darwin, most philosophers, including pragmatists themselves, have largely neglected Kant's crucial influence on pragmatist thinkers. In this powerful and original work, Finnish philosopher Sami Pihlström argues that the transcendental and the pragmatist traditions should converge, or at least supplement each other, instead of being regarded as rivals. According to Pihlström, Kant's basic transcendental project—i.e., of investigating the conditions of our ability to experience and represent structured reality—can be reconciled with a naturalist conception of the world and the place of human beings in it. He proposes a workable middle ground between extreme realism on the one hand and extreme postmodernist skepticism and relativism on the other. Divided into two main parts, Pihlström's task is, first, to provide a pragmatist and naturalized reconstruction of what transcendental philosophy is and, second, to apply transcendental arguments to epistemology, philosophy of science, and ethics. One of his principal points is that the dispute over the status of transcendental philosophy and its relation to naturalism should not be restricted to metaphysics and epistemology. Along with Kant, Pihlström views ethics as the crown of philosophical reflections on what it is to be a rational being experiencing a structured reality. He concludes by suggesting that a pragmatic moral realism ought to be seen as a transcendentally established principle within our natural human practices of ethical evaluation. This exciting rethinking of transcendental argumentation within a pragmatist, naturalistic framework, by a philosopher familiar with both analytic and Continental philosophy, makes a significant contribution to the development of the American philosophical tradition.

Phenomenology and the Transcendental

Phenomenology and the Transcendental Author Sara Heinämaa
ISBN-10 9781135138714
Release 2014-04-03
Pages 330
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The aim of this volume is to offer an updated account of the transcendental character of phenomenology. The main question concerns the sense and relevance of transcendental philosophy today: What can such philosophy contribute to contemporary inquiries and debates after the many reasoned attacks against its idealistic, aprioristic, absolutist and universalistic tendencies—voiced most vigorously by late 20th century postmodern thinkers—as well as attacks against its apparently circular arguments and suspicious metaphysics launched by many analytic philosophers? Contributors also aim to clarify the relations of transcendental phenomenology to other post-Kantian philosophies, most importantly to pragmatism and Wittgenstein’s philosophical investigations. Finally, the volume offers a set of reflections on the meaning of post-transcendental phenomenology.

Debating Humanity

Debating Humanity Author Daniel Chernilo
ISBN-10 9781107129337
Release 2017-02-23
Pages 304
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Debating Humanity explores sociological and philosophical efforts to delineate key features of humanity that identify us as members of the human species. After challenging the normative contradictions of contemporary posthumanism, this book goes back to the foundational debate on humanism between Jean-Paul Sartre and Martin Heidegger in the 1940s and then re-assesses the implicit and explicit anthropological arguments put forward by seven leading postwar theorists: self-transcendence (Hannah Arendt), adaptation (Talcott Parsons), responsibility (Hans Jonas), language (Jrgen Habermas), strong evaluations (Charles Taylor), reflexivity (Margaret Archer) and reproduction of life (Luc Boltanski). Genuinely interdisciplinary and boldly argued, Daniel Chernilo has crafted a novel philosophical sociology that defends a universalistic principle of humanity as vital to any adequate understanding of social life.

The Journal of Speculative Philosophy

The Journal of Speculative Philosophy Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105113201730
Release 2001
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The Journal of Speculative Philosophy has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Journal of Speculative Philosophy also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Journal of Speculative Philosophy book for free.

Pragmatism and Philosophical Anthropology

Pragmatism and Philosophical Anthropology Author Sami Pihlström
ISBN-10 0820440760
Release 1998
Pages 287
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Pragmatism, the single originally American philosophical tradition, has in recent decades once again become widely discussed in many fields of philosophy, including metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of science, philosophy of religion, and moral philosophy. This study seeks to show, both historically and systematically, that the issue of "human nature," the main problem of philosophical anthropology, is (or at least should be) at the center of pragmatistic philosophizing. The author formulates a contemporary version of pragmatism largely based on William James's (1842-1910) work, arguing that such a neo-Jamesian framework also can meet postmodernistic and irrationalistic threats.

Becoming Human

Becoming Human Author Chad Wellmon
ISBN-10 9780271048529
Release 2010-01-01
Pages 336
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"Examines the crisis of a late eighteenth-century anthropology as it relates to the emergence of a modern consciousness that sees itself as condemned to draw its norms and very self-understanding from itself"--Provided by publisher.

Saint Paul

Saint Paul Author Alain Badiou
ISBN-10 0804744718
Release 2003-05-06
Pages 128
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In this bold and provocative work, French philosopher Alain Badiou proposes a startling reinterpretation of St. Paul. For Badiou, Paul is neither the venerable saint embalmed by Christian tradition, nor the venomous priest execrated by philosophers like Nietzsche: he is instead a profoundly original and still revolutionary thinker whose invention of Christianity weaves truth and subjectivity together in a way that continues to be relevant for us today. In this work, Badiou argues that Paul delineates a new figure of the subject: the bearer of a universal truth that simultaneously shatters the strictures of Judaic Law and the conventions of the Greek Logos. Badiou shows that the Pauline figure of the subject still harbors a genuinely revolutionary potential today: the subject is that which refuses to submit to the order of the world as we know it and struggles for a new one instead.

Cultural Evolution

Cultural Evolution Author Tim Lewens
ISBN-10 9780199674183
Release 2015
Pages 205
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This title exposes and evaluates a set of conceptual disputes concerning what we might mean by culture, and how we should go about accounting for it. Its particular focus is a set of evolutionary approaches to the genesis of the human capacity for culture, to subsequent cultural change, and to the ways in which genetic and cultural change interact, or 'co-evolve'. The book as a whole argues that there is little realistic hope that the social sciences might become unified around an evolutionary synthesis. Instead the defence of evolutionary approaches to culture must be more modest in scope

Philosophical Anthropology

Philosophical Anthropology Author Battista Mondin
ISBN-10 UOM:39015014282480
Release 1985
Pages 279
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Philosophical Anthropology has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Philosophical Anthropology also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Philosophical Anthropology book for free.

Between Transcendence and Nihilism

Between Transcendence and Nihilism Author Larry Johnston
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105024890555
Release 1995
Pages 331
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Once regarded as the leading figure among the Left Hegelians in the 1840s, Ludwig Feuerbach (1804-1872) is remembered today chiefly for his influence on the young Karl Marx, and, as the author of The Essence of Christianity. This study treats Feuerbach's philosophy as compelling in its own right and examines it critically against the work of other nineteenth century thinkers, specifically Hegel, Stirner, Marx and Nietzche. Feuerbach's synthesis of naturalism, humanism and materialism into an ontology of human species-being (Gattungswesen) is traced through his works. Finally, the implications of Feuerbach's species-ontology for our social and political being are drawn; on this basis the study argues for a re-acquaintance of Feuerbach's work.

Charles Taylor

Charles Taylor Author Nicholas H. Smith
ISBN-10 9780745668598
Release 2013-06-03
Pages 296
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The Canadian philosopher Charles Taylor is a key figure in contemporary debates about the self and the problems of modernity. This book provides a comprehensive, critical account of Taylor's work. It succinctly reconstructs the ambitious philosophical project that unifies Taylor's diverse writings. And it examines in detail Taylor's specific claims about the structure of the human sciences; the link between identity, language, and moral values; democracy and multiculturalism; and the conflict between secular and non-secular spirituality. The book also includes the first sustained account of Taylor's career as a social critic and political activist. Clearly written and authoritative, this book will be welcomed by students and researchers in a wide range of disciplines, including philosophy, psychology, politics, sociology, anthropology, cultural studies and theology.

Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and Humanities

Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and Humanities Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105008477437
Release 1992
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Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and Humanities has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and Humanities also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and Humanities book for free.