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New Thinking in Complexity for the Social Sciences and Humanities

New Thinking in Complexity for the Social Sciences and Humanities Author Ton Jörg
ISBN-10 9400713037
Release 2011-08-09
Pages 321
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The underlying idea and motive for the book is that the notion of complexity may humanize the social sciences, may conceive the complex human being as more human, and turn reality as assumed in our doing social science into a more complex, that is a richer reality for all. The main focus of this book is on new thinking in complexity, with complexity to be taken as derived from the Latin word complexus: ‘that which is interwoven.’ The trans-disciplinary approach advocated here will be trans-disciplinary in two ways: firstly, by going beyond the separate disciplines within the fields of both natural sciences and social sciences, and, secondly, by going beyond the separate cultures of the natural sciences and of the social sciences and humanities.



Systems Approaches to Knowledge Management Transfer and Resource Development

Systems Approaches to Knowledge Management  Transfer  and Resource Development Author Lee, W.B.
ISBN-10 9781466617834
Release 2012-06-30
Pages 386
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The world is moving into a new era of the knowledge economy. In the past decade, the significance of developing knowledge has grown to a level where it is now dominating other socio-economic factors. Systems Approaches to Knowledge Management, Transfer, and Resource Development provides a new view of knowledge management through the lens of systems approach, which looks at each part of the knowledge management system as a section of the full overview. This cutting-edge resource will be essential for academicians, scientists, practitioners, and industry professionals as all of these individuals work toward a new understanding of knowledge and information management practices in the 21st century.



Complex Dynamical Systems in Education

Complex Dynamical Systems in Education Author Matthijs Koopmans
ISBN-10 9783319275772
Release 2016-02-19
Pages 412
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This book capitalizes on the developments in dynamical systems and education by presenting some of the most recent advances in this area in seventeen non-overlapping chapters. The first half of the book discusses the conceptual framework of complex dynamical systems and its applicability to educational processes. The second half presents a set of empirical studies that that illustrate the use of various research methodologies to investigate complex dynamical processes in education, and help the reader appreciate what we learn about dynamical processes in education from using these approaches.



Knowledge Discovery Transfer and Management in the Information Age

Knowledge Discovery  Transfer  and Management in the Information Age Author Jennex, Murray E.
ISBN-10 9781466647121
Release 2013-11-30
Pages 302
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With the advent of electronic databases, information technologies, and the Internet, organizations now more than ever have easy access to all the knowledge they need to conduct their affairs. Identifying the useful information in all that data, however, can pose a challenge. Knowledge Discovery, Transfer, and Management in the Information Age brings together the latest empirical research in knowledge management practices and information retrieval strategies to assist organizations in effectively and efficiently utilizing the data at their disposal. Academics, managers, researchers, and professionals within the field of knowledge management will make use of this book to increase their understanding of best practices in the manipulation of information resources.



Rethinking Cultural Historical Theory

Rethinking Cultural Historical Theory Author Manolis Dafermos
ISBN-10 9789811301919
Release 2018-05-17
Pages 309
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This book is an exploration of science in the making. It offers readers the opportunity to critically reflect on the process of development of Vygotsky's research program from the perspective of dialectics, focusing on the dramatic process of building and rebuilding cultural historical theory. Vygotsky's creative and dramatic journey is no less important than the concrete results of his research. An epistemological and historical investigation of the formulation of cultural historical theory sheds light on the process of knowledge production and reveals hidden dimensions of creativity in science.



Handbook of Transdisciplinary Research

Handbook of Transdisciplinary Research Author Gertrude Hirsch Hadorn
ISBN-10 1402066996
Release 2007-12-15
Pages 448
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Transdisciplinary Research (TR) is an emerging field in the knowledge society for relating science and policy in addressing issues such as new technologies, migration, and public health. This handbook provides a structured overview of the manifold experiences gained in these fields. In the first part, 21 projects from all over the world present their research approaches. In the second part, cross-cutting challenges of TR are discussed in reference to the same projects.



Attracted to Conflict Dynamic Foundations of Destructive Social Relations

Attracted to Conflict  Dynamic Foundations of Destructive Social Relations Author Robin R. Vallacher
ISBN-10 9783642352805
Release 2014-07-08
Pages 242
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Conflict is inherent in virtually every aspect of human relations, from sport to parliamentary democracy, from fashion in the arts to paradigmatic challenges in the sciences, and from economic activity to intimate relationships. Yet, it can become among the most serious social problems humans face when it loses its constructive features and becomes protracted over time with no obvious means of resolution. This book addresses the subject of intractable social conflict from a new vantage point. Here, these types of conflict represent self-organizing phenomena, emerging quite naturally from the ongoing dynamics in human interaction at any scale—from the interpersonal to the international. Using the universal language and computational framework of nonlinear dynamical systems theory in combination with recent insights from social psychology, intractable conflict is understood as a system locked in special attractor states that constrain the thoughts and actions of the parties to the conflict. The emergence and maintenance of attractors for conflict can be described by means of formal models that incorporate the results of computer simulations, experiments, field research, and archival analyses. Multi-disciplinary research reflecting these approaches provides encouraging support for the dynamical systems perspective. Importantly, this text presents new views on conflict resolution. In contrast to traditional approaches that tend to focus on basic, short-lived cause-effect relations, the dynamical perspective emphasizes the temporal patterns and potential for emergence in destructive relations. Attractor deconstruction entails restoring complexity to a conflict scenario by isolating elements or changing the feedback loops among them. The creation of a latent attractor trades on the tendency toward multi-stability in dynamical systems and entails the consolidation of incongruent (positive) elements into a coherent structure. In the bifurcation scenario, factors are identified that can change the number and types of attractors in a conflict scenario. The implementation of these strategies may hold the key to unlocking intractable conflict, creating the potential for constructive social relations.



Complex Artificial Environments

Complex Artificial Environments Author Juval Portugali
ISBN-10 3540259171
Release 2006-01-09
Pages 322
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This book explores the possibilities of applying the theories of complexity and self-organization developed to account for various phenomena in the natural science to artifacts traditionally the realm of humanities and social sciences. The emphasis of this volume is on the development of cities and the impact of these methods on urban simulation methods.



Sociology and Complexity Science

Sociology and Complexity Science Author Brian Castellani
ISBN-10 9783540884620
Release 2009-10-03
Pages 277
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By now, most academics have heard something about the new science of complexity. In a manner reminiscent of Einstein and the last hundred years of physics, complexity science has captured the public imagination. ® One can go to Amazon. com and purchase books on complexification (Casti 1994), emergence (Holland 1998), small worlds (Barabási 2003), the web of life (Capra 1996), fuzzy thinking (Kosko 1993), global c- plexity (Urry 2003) and the business of long-tails (Anderson 2006). Even television has incorporated the topics of complexity science. Crime shows ® ® such as 24 or CSI typically feature investigators using the latest advances in computational modeling to “simulate scenarios” or “data mine” all p- sible suspects—all of which is done before the crime takes place. The ® World Wide Web is another example. A simple search on Google. Com using the phrase “complexity science” gets close to a million hits! C- plexity science is ubiquitous. What most scholars do not realize, however, is the remarkable role sociologists are playing in this new science. C- sider the following examples. 0. 1 Sociologists in Complexity Science The first example comes from the new science of networks (Barabási 2003). By now, most readers are familiar with the phenomena known as six-degrees of separation—the idea that, because most large networks are comprised of a significant number of non-random weak-ties, the nodes (e. g. , people, companies, etc.



Complex Systems Design Management

Complex Systems Design   Management Author Gauthier Fanmuy
ISBN-10 9783319491035
Release 2016-12-08
Pages 256
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This book contains all refereed papers that were accepted to the seventh edition of the international conference « Complex Systems Design & Management Paris» (CSD&M Paris 2016) which took place in Paris (France) on the December 13-14, 2016 These proceedings cover the most recent trends in the emerging field of complex systems sciences & practices from an industrial and academic perspective, including the main industrial domains (aeronautic & aerospace, defense & security, electronics & robotics, energy & environment, healthcare & welfare services, software & e-services, transportation), scientific & technical topics (systems fundamentals, systems architecture & engineering, systems metrics & quality, system is modeling tools) and system types (artificial ecosystems, embedded systems, software & information systems, systems of systems, transportation systems). The CSD&M Paris 2016 conference is organized under the guidance of the CESAMES non-profit organization, address: CESAMES, 8 rue de Hanovre, 75002 Paris, France.



Complex Engineered Systems

Complex Engineered Systems Author Dan Braha
ISBN-10 9783540328346
Release 2007-06-24
Pages 386
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This book sheds light on the large-scale engineering systems that shape and guide our everyday lives. It does this by bringing together the latest research and practice defining the emerging field of Complex Engineered Systems. Understanding, designing, building and controlling such complex systems is going to be a central challenge for engineers in the coming decades. This book is a step toward addressing that challenge.



Co Designing Economies in Transition

Co Designing Economies in Transition Author Vincenzo Mario Bruno Giorgino
ISBN-10 9783319665924
Release 2018-01-02
Pages 322
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This transdisciplinary volume puts forward proposals for wiser, socially just and sustainable socio-economic systems in transition. There is growing support for the view that the end of capitalism is around the corner, but on which conceptual and ethical basis can we interpret these times? With investigations into feminist economics, post-growth environmentalism, socio-technical digital design, collaborative and commons economics, the editors create a dialogue between radical knowledge/practices and contemplative social sciences to transgress disciplinary boundaries and implement new visions of reality. This important book challenges our ways of thinking and outlines a pathway for new research. Chapter 13 of this book is available open access under a CC BY 4.0 license at link.springer.com



Social Systems and Design

Social Systems and Design Author Gary S. Metcalf
ISBN-10 9784431544784
Release 2014-07-08
Pages 238
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We live in the worlds that we help to create every day. Every activity either supports an existing system or effects some change, however small. But is it possible to consciously create the worlds in which we want to live? This volume brings together systems theorists and practitioners who have worked on that question for decades. It explores connections between design and systems ideas to explain why some efforts have been more successful than others, and what is needed if we are to move forward. It offers reflections on early and large-scale attempts at impacting societal systems, as well as proposals for taking those ideas into the future. Examples date back to the Club of Rome in the 1960s and look forward to the creation of ecologically sustainable systems in the future. They address the need for collaboration and inclusion in settings from communities to corporations. And while theories are presented as support for the examples, they are explained in practical ways meant to be accessible both to students and to general readers.



Thinking in Complexity

Thinking in Complexity Author Klaus Mainzer
ISBN-10 9783662033050
Release 2013-03-09
Pages 351
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Since the first edition sold out in less than a year, we now present the revised second edition of Mainzer's popular book. The theory of nonlinear complex systems has become a successful problem-solving approach in the natural sciences from laser physics, quantum chaos, and meteorology to computer simulations of cell growth in biology. It is now recognized that many of our social, ecological, and political problems are also of a global, complex, and nonlinear nature. And one of the most exciting contemporary topics is the idea that even the human mind is governed largely by the nonlinear dynamics of complex systems. In this wide-ranging but concise treatment, Prof. Mainzer discusses, in a nontechnical language, the common framework behind these endeavors. Emphasis is given to the evolution of new structures in natural and cultural systems and we see clearly how the new integrative approach can give insights not available from traditional reductionistic methods.



Complexity Theory and the Social Sciences

Complexity Theory and the Social Sciences Author David Byrne
ISBN-10 9781134084982
Release 2013-09-11
Pages 312
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For the past two decades, ‘complexity’ has informed a range of work across the social sciences. There are diverse schools of complexity thinking, and authors have used these ideas in a multiplicity of ways, from health inequalities to the organization of large scale firms. Some understand complexity as emergence from the rule-based interactions of simple agents and explore it through agent-based modelling. Others argue against such ‘restricted complexity’ and for the development of case-based narratives deploying a much wider set of approaches and techniques. Major social theorists have been reinterpreted through a complexity lens and the whole methodological programme of the social sciences has been recast in complexity terms. In four parts, this book seeks to establish ‘the state of the art’ of complexity-informed social science as it stands now, examining: the key issues in complexity theory the implications of complexity theory for social theory the methodology and methods of complexity theory complexity within disciplines and fields. It also points ways forward towards a complexity-informed social science for the twenty-first century, investigating the argument for a post-disciplinary, ‘open’ social science. Byrne and Callaghan consider how this might be developed as a programme of teaching and research within social science. This book will be particularly relevant for, and interesting to, students and scholars of social research methods, social theory, business and organization studies, health, education, urban studies and development studies.



Wisdom Knowledge and Management

Wisdom  Knowledge  and Management Author John P. van Gigch
ISBN-10 9780387365060
Release 2007-04-03
Pages 368
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The Systems Approach and Its Enemies (C. West Churchman, 1979) is one of Churchman’s most significant works. In this particular writing he displayed two main tendencies, that he was a Skeptic and that he showed Socratic Wisdom. In this book the editors seeks to follow up on these two themes and reveal how modern authors interpret Churchman’s ideas, apply them to their own line of thinking and develop their own brand of Systemics.



Complex Evolutionary Dynamics in Urban Regional and Ecologic Economic Systems

Complex Evolutionary Dynamics in Urban Regional and Ecologic Economic Systems Author J. Barkley Rosser
ISBN-10 1441988289
Release 2011-06-22
Pages 320
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Drawing on the middle chapters from the first edition of J. Barkley Rosser's seminal work, From Catastrophe to Chaos, this book presents an unusual perspective on economics and economic analysis. Current economic theory largely depends upon assuming that the world is fundamentally continuous. However, an increasing amount of economic research has been done using approaches that allow for discontinuities such as catastrophe theory, chaos theory, synergetics, and fractal geometry. The spread of such approaches across a variety of disciplines of thought has constituted a virtual intellectual revolution in recent years. This book reviews the applications of these approaches in various subdisciplines of economics and draws upon past economic thinkers to develop an integrated view of economics as a whole from the perspective of inherent discontinuity.