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Noble Metal Noble Value

Noble Metal Noble Value Author Xiao-Feng Wu
ISBN-10 9781783269259
Release 2016-06-24
Pages 392
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Heterocyclic chemistry constitutes the largest branch of chemistry, covering almost two-thirds of literature in the field. In addition, around 90% of naturally-occurring molecules have heterocycles as their core structure. Therefore, as a central part of organic chemistry, the discovery of new methodologies in synthesizing heterocyclic compounds is essential to their continued application and development. Transition metal catalysts offer a low cost and often low toxicity pathway for heterocycles synthesis, while the use of noble metals represents an alternative form of experimentation which is discussed in the book. Noble Metals, Noble Value provides the first comprehensive analysis of the applications of the noble metals of ruthenium (Ru), rhodium (Rh) and palladium (Pd) catalysts in heterocycles synthesis. Pairs of chapters are dedicated to summarizing each of the metals when applied to either five- or six-membered heterocyclic syntheses. An introduction to the importance of heterocycles and possible procedures for the preparation of heterocyclic compounds is also given. With up to date research and findings, this review is excellently suited to academics and professionals in the field of chemistry, with a particular focus on the specialities of biological, catalytic and organic chemistry. Contents:Ru-Catalyzed Five-Membered Heterocycles SynthesisRuthenium Catalysis in the Synthesis of Six-Membered HeterocyclesRh-Catalyzed Five-Membered Heterocycle SynthesisRh-Catalyzed Six-Membered Heterocycles SynthesisPalladium-Catalyzed Synthesis of Five-Membered HeterocyclesPd-Catalyzed Six-Membered Heterocycles SynthesisPd-Catalyzed Synthesis of Sulfur- and Phosphorus-Containing Heterocycles via C-H ActivationPd-Catalyzed Heterocycles Synthesis in Ionic Liquids Readership: Academics and professionals in the field of chemistry, with a particular focus on the specialities of biological, catalytic and organic chemistry.



Electro catalysis At Chemically Modified Solid Surfaces

Electro catalysis At Chemically Modified Solid Surfaces Author Simonet Jacques
ISBN-10 9781786342454
Release 2017-10-13
Pages 448
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Electro catalysis At Chemically Modified Solid Surfaces has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Electro catalysis At Chemically Modified Solid Surfaces also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Electro catalysis At Chemically Modified Solid Surfaces book for free.



Hydroprocessing Catalysts And Processes The Challenges For Biofuels Production

Hydroprocessing Catalysts And Processes  The Challenges For Biofuels Production Author Seddon Duncan
ISBN-10 9781786344854
Release 2018-04-05
Pages 316
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The demand for hydroprocessing catalysts has shown an increasing trend, because of their applications in refining of petroleum and biofuels, in order to comply with strict environmental regulations controlling emissions from transportation vehicles. Transport fuel is dominated by fossil fuels with carbon emission intensive production methods. If we are to move away from these sources, the alternative is to produce liquid fuels from agricultural stocks -- crops, crop waste, forestry waste or algae. Converting these feedstocks into high quality fuels is a considerable challenge. By describing the current status in processing agricultural feedstock into high quality liquid transport fuels, the authors set out the means to develop better chemistry and catalysis for the necessary conversion processes. This book offers an intriguing insight into the mechanisms and protocols involved in new hydroprocessing catalysts and processes, and covers the methods for upgrading these liquids to modern transport vehicles suitable for operation in modern gasoline and diesel engines. It provides an introduction to the mechanism of hydroprocessing reactions, application of different metals in hydroprocessing, the effect of catalyst supports, applications in refining new feedstock, renewable fuels standards, the management of spent hydroprocessing catalysts, and hydrogen production. Hydroprocessing Catalysts and Processes will prove useful for both researchers in academe and industry concerned with future fuels development and treatment to produce current and future liquid transport fuels. Contents: Preface Hydroprocessing and the Chemistry Stabilization of Bio-Oil to Enable Its Hydrotreating to Produce Bio-Fuels Hydroprocessing Catalysts: Inexpensive Ni Based Non-Sulfided Catalysts Catalytic Upgrading of Pinewood Pyrolysis Bio-Oil Over Carbon-Encapsulated Bimetallic Co-Mo Carbides and Sulfides Catalysts Hydroprocessing Catalysts for Algal Biofuels Effects of Catalyst Support on Hydroprocessing Commercial Hydroprocessing Processes for Bio-Feedstock Renewable Fuels and Fuel Regulations and Standards Spent Hydroprocessing Catalysts Management Hydrogen Production Readership: Graduate students in catalysis, refinery feedstock operations and planners, fuel technologists. Keywords: Hydrodesulfurization;Hydrodenitrogenation;Hydrodeoxygenation;Hydrogenation;Hydrocracking;Hydrodemetallization;Hydroprocessing Catalyst Model;Bio-Oil Stabilization;Ni Based Catalysts;Cobalt-Molybdenum Carbide Catalysts;Algal Biofuels;Support Effect;Commercial Hydroprocessing Processes for Bio-feedstock;Neste MY;BP;Ecofining;ENI;Honeywell-UOP;Bio-Synfining;Vegan;HydroFlex;Renewable Fuels Standards;Spent Hydroprocessing Catalyst;Hydrogen ProductionReview: Key Features: Most recent books related to hydroprocessing catalysts were published over 8 years ago New challenges in biorefining and petroleum refining have required development of entirely new catalyst formulations and improvements of currently used catalysts It is anticipated that the consumption of hydroprocessing catalysts will show a significant increase in the near future



New and Future Developments in Catalysis

New and Future Developments in Catalysis Author Steven L Suib
ISBN-10 9780444538833
Release 2013-07-11
Pages 658
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New and Future Developments in Catalysis is a package of books that compile the latest ideas concerning alternate and renewable energy sources and the role that catalysis plays in converting new renewable feedstock into biofuels and biochemicals. Both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts and catalytic processes will be discussed in a unified and comprehensive approach. There will be extensive cross-referencing within all volumes. This volume presents a complete picture of all carbon dioxide (CO2) sources, outlines the environmental concerns regarding CO2, and critically reviews all current CO2 activation processes. Furthermore, the volume discusses all future developments and gives a critical economic analysis of the various processes. Offers in-depth coverage of all catalytic topics of current interest and outlines future challenges and research areas A clear and visual description of all parameters and conditions, enabling the reader to draw conclusions for a particular case Outlines the catalytic processes applicable to energy generation and design of green processes



Iron Catalysis

Iron Catalysis Author Bernd Plietker
ISBN-10 9783642146695
Release 2011-01-05
Pages 220
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Juan I. Padrón and Víctor S. Martín: Catalysis by means of Fe-based Lewis acids; Hiroshi Nakazawa*, Masumi Itazaki: Fe–H Complexes in Catalysis; Kristin Schröder, Kathrin Junge, Bianca Bitterlich, and Matthias Beller: Fe-catalyzed Oxidation Reactions of Olefins, Alkanes and Alcohols: Involvement of Oxo- and Peroxo Complexes; Chi-Ming Che, Cong-Ying Zhou, Ella Lai-Ming Wong: Catalysis by Fe=X Complexes (X=NR, CR2); René Peters, Daniel F. Fischer and Sascha Jautze: Ferrocene and Half Sandwich Complexes as Catalysts with Iron Participation; Markus Jegelka, Bernd Plietker: Catalysis by Means of Complex Ferrates.



Concepts in Syngas Manufacture

Concepts in Syngas Manufacture Author Jens Rostrup-Nielsen
ISBN-10 9781908978004
Release 2011-07-21
Pages 392
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This book provides a general overview of syngas technologies as well as an in-depth analysis of the steam reforming process. Syngas is a mixture of hydrogen and carbon oxides which can be made from hydrocarbons, coal and biomass. It is an important intermediate in the chemical industry for manufacture of ammonia, methanol and other petrochemicals as well as hydrogen for refineries and fuel cells. Syngas is playing a growing role in the energy sector, because it can be converted into a number of important energy carriers and fuels. Syngas catalysis creates new options and flexibility in the complex energy network. The steam reforming process is the main technology today for manufacture of syngas. It is a complex intern-mingling of catalysis and heat transfer with restrictions caused by secondary phenomena such as carbon formation. Many of the principles are applicable for other gasification technologies of growing importance. Concepts of Syngas Preparation aims to provide a comprehensive introduction to this complex field of growing importance and gives a detailed analysis of the catalyst and process problems. This book also serves as an important link between science and industry by illustrating how the basic principles can be applied to solve design issues and operational problems. Contents:Basic Principles:Routes to Syngas:General trendsManufacture by steam reforming of hydrocarbonsOther manufacture routesOther feedstocksGas treatmentSyngas Applications:Thermodynamic framework for syngas processesHydrogenFuel cellsCO rich gasesAmmoniaMethanol and synfuelsChemical recuperationSteam Reforming Technology:Technology of Steam Reforming:Early developmentsSteam reforming reactorsModelling of steam reforming reactorsModelling of the catalyst particleReaction kineticsCatalyst Properties and Activity:Catalyst structure and stabilityNickel surface areaCatalyst activityCarbon and Sulphur:Secondary phenomenaCarbon formationSteam reforming of higher hydrocarbonsSulphur poisoning of reforming reactionsSulphur passivated reformingOther poisonsCatalysis of Steam Reforming:Historical perspectiveThe role of step sitesGeometric or electronic effectsMetal activity. Micro-kineticsThe parallel approach Readership: Graduates and postgraduates in the field of catalysis chemistry, as well as researchers and chemical engineers. Keywords:Catalysis;Synthesis Gas;Syngas;Hydrogen;Steam Reforming;Autothermal Reforming;Gasification;Process Analysis;Synfuels;Fuel Cells;Thermodynamic Analysis;Carbon Formation;Sulphur PoisoningKey Features:Provides detailed analysis of steam reforming technology, written by highly accomplished specialists with years of industrial experience and high number of publications and citation rates



Ammonia Synthesis Catalysts

Ammonia Synthesis Catalysts Author Huazhang Liu
ISBN-10 9789814518802
Release 2013-03-21
Pages 896
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This book provides a review of worldwide developments in ammonia synthesis catalysts over the last 30 years. It focuses on the new generation of Fe1-xO based catalysts and ruthenium catalysts — both are major breakthroughs for fused iron catalysts. The basic theory for ammonia synthesis is systematically explained, covering topics such as the chemical components, crystal structure, preparation, reduction, performance evaluation, characterization of the catalysts, the mechanism and kinetics of ammonia synthesis reaction. Both theory and practice are combined in this presentation, with emphasis on the research methods, application and exploitation of catalysts. The comprehensive volume includes an assessment of the economic and engineering aspects of ammonia plants based on the performance of catalysts. Recent developments in photo-catalysis, electro-catalysis, biocatalysis and new uses of ammonia are also introduced in this book. The author, Professor Huazhang Liu, has been engaged in research and practice for more than 50 years in this field and was the inventor of the first Fe1-xO based catalysts in the world. He has done a lot of research on Fe3O4 based- and ruthenium based-catalysts, and has published more than 300 papers and obtained 21 patents during his career. Contents:Historical Evolution of Catalysts for Ammonia SynthesisCatalytic Reaction Mechanisms of Ammonia SynthesisChemical Composition and Structure of Fused Iron CatalystsPreparation of Fused Iron CatalystsReduction of Fused Iron CatalystsRuthenium Based Ammonia Synthesis CatalystsPerformance Evaluation and Characterization of CatalystsPerformance and Application of CatalystsEffect of Catalyst Performance on the Economic Benefits of Catalytic ProcessInnovation and Speculation Readership: Researchers in academia and industry working on catalysts for ammonia synthesis. Keywords:Ammonia Synthesis;Catalysts;Catalytic;Iron Catalyst;Fused Iron Catalyst;Ruthenium CatalystKey Features:Provides a review of worldwide developments in ammonia synthesis catalysts over the last 30 yearsFocuses on the new generation of Fe1-xO based catalysts and ruthenium catalystsCombines theory and practice, with emphasis on research methods and industrial exploitation



Applications of Transition Metal Catalysis in Drug Discovery and Development

Applications of Transition Metal Catalysis in Drug Discovery and Development Author Matthew L. Crawley
ISBN-10 9781118309834
Release 2012-05-14
Pages 384
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This book focuses on the drug discovery and development applications of transition metal catalyzed processes, which can efficiently create preclinical and clinical drug candidates as well as marketed drugs. The authors pay particular attention to the challenges of transitioning academically-developed reactions into scalable industrial processes. Additionally, the book lays the groundwork for how continued development of transition metal catalyzed processes can deliver new drug candidates. This work provides a unique perspective on the applications of transition metal catalysis in drug discovery and development – it is a guide, a historical prospective, a practical compendium, and a source of future direction for the field.



Ionic Liquids ILs in Organometallic Catalysis

Ionic Liquids  ILs  in Organometallic Catalysis Author Jairton Dupont
ISBN-10 9783662478578
Release 2015-07-13
Pages 353
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The series Topics in Organometallic Chemistry presents critical overviews of research results in organometallic chemistry. As our understanding of organometallic structure, properties and mechanisms increases, new ways are opened for the design of organometallic compounds and reactions tailored to the needs of such diverse areas as organic synthesis, medical research, biology and materials science. Thus the scope of coverage includes a broad range of topics of pure and applied organometallic chemistry, where new breakthroughs are being achieved that are of significance to a larger scientific audience. The individual volumes of Topics in Organometallic Chemistry are thematic. Review articles are generally invited by the volume editors. All chapters from Topics in Organometallic Chemistry are published OnlineFirst with an individual DOI. In references, Topics in Organometallic Chemistry is abbreviated as Top Organomet Chem and cited as a journal



Catalysis for Renewables

Catalysis for Renewables Author Gabriele Centi
ISBN-10 9783527621125
Release 2008-01-08
Pages 448
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With its focus on catalysis and addressing two very hot and timely topics with significant implications for our future lives, this will be a white book in the field. The authority behind this practical work is the IDECAT Network of Excellence, and the authors here outline how the use of catalysis will promote the more extensive use of renewable feedstocks in chemical and energy production. They present the latest applications, their applicability and results, making this a ready reference for researchers and engineers working in catalysis, chemistry, and industrial processes wishing to analyze options, outlooks and opportunities in the field.



Nanoparticles and Catalysis

Nanoparticles and Catalysis Author Didier Astruc
ISBN-10 9783527621330
Release 2008-06-25
Pages 663
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Written by international experts, this monograph combines two of the most important aspects of modern chemistry, presenting the latest knowledge on these environmental friendly applications. This result is a comprehensive overview of the application of nanoparticles in catalysis, focusing on synthesis and the most important reaction types, providing all the information needed by catalytic, organic and solid state chemists, as well as those working with or on organometallics, materials scientists, and chemists in industry.



Isocyanide Chemistry

Isocyanide Chemistry Author V. Nenajdenko
ISBN-10 9783527652556
Release 2012-06-04
Pages 624
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The efficacy of isocyanide reactions in the synthesis of natural or naturallike products has resulted in a renaissance of isocyanide chemistry. Now isocyanides are widely used in different branches of organic, inorganic, coordination, combinatorial and medicinal chemistry. This invaluable reference is the only book to cover the topic in such depth, presenting all aspects of synthetic isonitrile chemistry. The highly experienced and internationally renowned editor has brought together an equally distinguished team of authors who cover multicomponent reactions, isonitriles in total synthesis, isonitriles in polymer chemistry and much more.



Principles and Methods for Accelerated Catalyst Design and Testing

Principles and Methods for Accelerated Catalyst Design and Testing Author E.G. Derouane
ISBN-10 9789401005548
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 521
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High throughput experimentation has met great success in drug design but it has, so far, been scarcely used in the field ofcatalysis. We present in this book the outcome of a NATO ASI meeting that was held in Vilamoura, Portugal, between July 15 and 28, 2001, with the objective of delineating and consolidating the principles and methods underpinning accelerated catalyst design, evaluation, and development. There is a need to make the underlying principles of this new methodology more widely understood and to make it available in a coherent and integrated format. The latter objective is particularly important to the young scientists who will constitute the new catalysis researchers generation. Indeed, this field which is at the frontier offundamental science and may be a renaissance for catalysis, is one which is much more complex than classical catalysis itself. It implies a close collaboration between scientists from many disciplines (chemistry, physics, chemical and mechanical engineering, automation, robotics, and scientific computing in general). In addition, this emerging area of science is also of paramount industrial importance, as progress in this area would collapse the time necessary to discover new catalysts or improve existing ones.



Industrial Catalysis and Separations

Industrial Catalysis and Separations Author K. V. Raghavan
ISBN-10 9781482234268
Release 2014-07-01
Pages 514
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With contributions from experts from both the industry and academia, this book presents the latest developments in the identified areas. In addition, a thorough and updated coverage of the traditional aspects of heterogeneous catalysis such as preparation, characterization and use in well-established technologies such as nitration, ammoxidation and hydrofluorination is included. This book incorporates appropriate case studies, explanatory notes, and schematics for more clarity and better understanding.



Handbook of Carbon Nano Materials

Handbook of Carbon Nano Materials Author Francis D'Souza
ISBN-10 9814678902
Release 2015-08-25
Pages 600
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Handbook of Carbon Nano Materials has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Handbook of Carbon Nano Materials also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Handbook of Carbon Nano Materials book for free.



Catalytic Carbonylation Reactions

Catalytic Carbonylation Reactions Author Matthias Beller
ISBN-10 9783540330028
Release 2006-09-14
Pages 283
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Carbonylation reactions are of major importance in both organic and industrial chemistry. Due to the availability, price and reactivity pattern, carbon monoxide is becoming a more and more important building block for fine and bulk chemicals. The major reaction types of carbon monoxide are comprehensively discussed by leading experts from academia and industry. The authors highlight important carbonylation reactions such as hydroformylation, alkoxy-carbonylations, co/olefin-copolymerization, Pauson-Khand reactions and others. They illustrate applications in organic synthesis and give industrial examples. This volume is designed to provide graduate students and researchers with essential information on the use of carbon monoxide in organic synthesis. Therefore, the reader will get a balanced view of this developing and complex subject.



Nanocolloids

Nanocolloids Author Margarita Sanchez-Dominguez
ISBN-10 9780128017586
Release 2016-03-09
Pages 536
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Nanocolloids: A Meeting Point for Scientists and Technologists presents an easy-to-read approach to current trends in nanoscale colloid chemistry, which offers relatively simple and economically feasible ways to produce nanomaterials. Nanocolloids have been the subjects of major development in modern technology, with many current and future applications. The book helps scientists and technologists to understand the different aspects of modern nanocolloid science. It outlines the underlying fundamental principles of nanocolloid science and covers applications ranging from emulsions to dispersions and suspensions. You will find details on experimental techniques and methods for the synthesis and characterization of nanocolloids, including the latest developments in nanoemulsions and nanoparticles. Edited by leading academics with over 10 years’ experience in the field of colloid and surfactant science. Each chapter is authored by recognized experts in the field. Outlines the underlying fundamental science behind nanocolloids. Provides comprehensive coverage of current topics and potential applications in nanocolloid science. Presents a multidisciplinary approach to help chemical engineers, chemists, physicists, materials scientists and pharmacologists, form an in-depth understanding of nanocolloid science.