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Noble Metal Noble Value

Noble Metal Noble Value Author Xiao-Feng Wu
ISBN-10 9781783269259
Release 2016-06-24
Pages 392
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Heterocyclic chemistry constitutes the largest branch of chemistry, covering almost two-thirds of literature in the field. In addition, around 90% of naturally-occurring molecules have heterocycles as their core structure. Therefore, as a central part of organic chemistry, the discovery of new methodologies in synthesizing heterocyclic compounds is essential to their continued application and development. Transition metal catalysts offer a low cost and often low toxicity pathway for heterocycles synthesis, while the use of noble metals represents an alternative form of experimentation which is discussed in the book. Noble Metals, Noble Value provides the first comprehensive analysis of the applications of the noble metals of ruthenium (Ru), rhodium (Rh) and palladium (Pd) catalysts in heterocycles synthesis. Pairs of chapters are dedicated to summarizing each of the metals when applied to either five- or six-membered heterocyclic syntheses. An introduction to the importance of heterocycles and possible procedures for the preparation of heterocyclic compounds is also given. With up to date research and findings, this review is excellently suited to academics and professionals in the field of chemistry, with a particular focus on the specialities of biological, catalytic and organic chemistry. Contents:Ru-Catalyzed Five-Membered Heterocycles SynthesisRuthenium Catalysis in the Synthesis of Six-Membered HeterocyclesRh-Catalyzed Five-Membered Heterocycle SynthesisRh-Catalyzed Six-Membered Heterocycles SynthesisPalladium-Catalyzed Synthesis of Five-Membered HeterocyclesPd-Catalyzed Six-Membered Heterocycles SynthesisPd-Catalyzed Synthesis of Sulfur- and Phosphorus-Containing Heterocycles via C-H ActivationPd-Catalyzed Heterocycles Synthesis in Ionic Liquids Readership: Academics and professionals in the field of chemistry, with a particular focus on the specialities of biological, catalytic and organic chemistry.



Electro catalysis At Chemically Modified Solid Surfaces

Electro catalysis At Chemically Modified Solid Surfaces Author Simonet Jacques
ISBN-10 9781786342454
Release 2017-10-13
Pages 448
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Electro catalysis At Chemically Modified Solid Surfaces has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Electro catalysis At Chemically Modified Solid Surfaces also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Electro catalysis At Chemically Modified Solid Surfaces book for free.



Hydroprocessing Catalysts And Processes The Challenges For Biofuels Production

Hydroprocessing Catalysts And Processes  The Challenges For Biofuels Production Author Seddon Duncan
ISBN-10 9781786344854
Release 2018-04-05
Pages 316
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The demand for hydroprocessing catalysts has shown an increasing trend, because of their applications in refining of petroleum and biofuels, in order to comply with strict environmental regulations controlling emissions from transportation vehicles. Transport fuel is dominated by fossil fuels with carbon emission intensive production methods. If we are to move away from these sources, the alternative is to produce liquid fuels from agricultural stocks -- crops, crop waste, forestry waste or algae. Converting these feedstocks into high quality fuels is a considerable challenge. By describing the current status in processing agricultural feedstock into high quality liquid transport fuels, the authors set out the means to develop better chemistry and catalysis for the necessary conversion processes. This book offers an intriguing insight into the mechanisms and protocols involved in new hydroprocessing catalysts and processes, and covers the methods for upgrading these liquids to modern transport vehicles suitable for operation in modern gasoline and diesel engines. It provides an introduction to the mechanism of hydroprocessing reactions, application of different metals in hydroprocessing, the effect of catalyst supports, applications in refining new feedstock, renewable fuels standards, the management of spent hydroprocessing catalysts, and hydrogen production. Hydroprocessing Catalysts and Processes will prove useful for both researchers in academe and industry concerned with future fuels development and treatment to produce current and future liquid transport fuels. Contents: Preface Hydroprocessing and the Chemistry Stabilization of Bio-Oil to Enable Its Hydrotreating to Produce Bio-Fuels Hydroprocessing Catalysts: Inexpensive Ni Based Non-Sulfided Catalysts Catalytic Upgrading of Pinewood Pyrolysis Bio-Oil Over Carbon-Encapsulated Bimetallic Co-Mo Carbides and Sulfides Catalysts Hydroprocessing Catalysts for Algal Biofuels Effects of Catalyst Support on Hydroprocessing Commercial Hydroprocessing Processes for Bio-Feedstock Renewable Fuels and Fuel Regulations and Standards Spent Hydroprocessing Catalysts Management Hydrogen Production Readership: Graduate students in catalysis, refinery feedstock operations and planners, fuel technologists. Keywords: Hydrodesulfurization;Hydrodenitrogenation;Hydrodeoxygenation;Hydrogenation;Hydrocracking;Hydrodemetallization;Hydroprocessing Catalyst Model;Bio-Oil Stabilization;Ni Based Catalysts;Cobalt-Molybdenum Carbide Catalysts;Algal Biofuels;Support Effect;Commercial Hydroprocessing Processes for Bio-feedstock;Neste MY;BP;Ecofining;ENI;Honeywell-UOP;Bio-Synfining;Vegan;HydroFlex;Renewable Fuels Standards;Spent Hydroprocessing Catalyst;Hydrogen ProductionReview: Key Features: Most recent books related to hydroprocessing catalysts were published over 8 years ago New challenges in biorefining and petroleum refining have required development of entirely new catalyst formulations and improvements of currently used catalysts It is anticipated that the consumption of hydroprocessing catalysts will show a significant increase in the near future



New and Future Developments in Catalysis

New and Future Developments in Catalysis Author Steven L Suib
ISBN-10 9780444538833
Release 2013-07-11
Pages 658
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New and Future Developments in Catalysis is a package of books that compile the latest ideas concerning alternate and renewable energy sources and the role that catalysis plays in converting new renewable feedstock into biofuels and biochemicals. Both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts and catalytic processes will be discussed in a unified and comprehensive approach. There will be extensive cross-referencing within all volumes. This volume presents a complete picture of all carbon dioxide (CO2) sources, outlines the environmental concerns regarding CO2, and critically reviews all current CO2 activation processes. Furthermore, the volume discusses all future developments and gives a critical economic analysis of the various processes. Offers in-depth coverage of all catalytic topics of current interest and outlines future challenges and research areas A clear and visual description of all parameters and conditions, enabling the reader to draw conclusions for a particular case Outlines the catalytic processes applicable to energy generation and design of green processes



Iron Catalysis

Iron Catalysis Author Bernd Plietker
ISBN-10 9783642146695
Release 2011-01-05
Pages 220
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Juan I. Padrón and Víctor S. Martín: Catalysis by means of Fe-based Lewis acids; Hiroshi Nakazawa*, Masumi Itazaki: Fe–H Complexes in Catalysis; Kristin Schröder, Kathrin Junge, Bianca Bitterlich, and Matthias Beller: Fe-catalyzed Oxidation Reactions of Olefins, Alkanes and Alcohols: Involvement of Oxo- and Peroxo Complexes; Chi-Ming Che, Cong-Ying Zhou, Ella Lai-Ming Wong: Catalysis by Fe=X Complexes (X=NR, CR2); René Peters, Daniel F. Fischer and Sascha Jautze: Ferrocene and Half Sandwich Complexes as Catalysts with Iron Participation; Markus Jegelka, Bernd Plietker: Catalysis by Means of Complex Ferrates.



Isotopes in Heterogeneous Catalysis

Isotopes in Heterogeneous Catalysis Author Justin S J Hargreaves
ISBN-10 9781783260157
Release 2006-04-11
Pages 308
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The purpose of this book is to review the current, state-of-the-art application of isotopic methods to the field of heterogeneous catalysis. Isotopic studies are arguably the ultimate technique in in situ methods for heterogeneous catalysis. In this review volume, chapters have been contributed by experts in the field and the coverage includes both the application of specific isotopes — Deuterium, Tritium, Carbon-14, Sulfur-35 and Oxygen-18 – as well as isotopic techniques — determination of surface mobility, steady state transient isotope kinetic analysis, and positron emission profiling. Contents:Deuterium-Labelling in Mechanistic Studies on Heterogeneous Acid-Base Catalysts (J Sommer & S Walspurger)Application of 14C Radiotracer for the Study of Heterogeneous Catalytic Reactions (Z Paál)Use of 35S Radiotracer in Catalytic Studies (P Tétényi)Tritium in Catalysis (J R Jones & S-Y Lu)Isotopic Exchange of Oxygen Over Oxide Surfaces (J S J Hargreaves & I M Mellor)Oxygen and Hydrogen Surface Mobility in Supported Metal Catalysts. Study by 18O/16O and 2H/1H Exchange (D Duprez)Investigation of Reaction at the Site Level Using SSITKA (S Pansare, A Sirijaruphan & J G Goodwin, Jr.)Positron Emission Profiling — The Ammonia Oxidation Reaction as a Case Study (A M de Jong, E J M Hensen & R A van Santen) Readership: Academic and researchers, as well as postgraduate students in catalysis. Key Features:Addresses a unique niche in the market, outlining the breadth and depth of the application of isotopic methodsContributions by internationally leading groups in the area of heterogeneous catalysisOf general global interest without geographical restrictionsKeywords:Heterogeneous Catalysis;Isotopes;Carbon-14;Oxygen-18;Sulfur-35;Deuterium;Tritium;Kinetics



Comprehensive organometallic chemistry III

Comprehensive organometallic chemistry III Author D. M. P. Mingos
ISBN-10 008044590X
Release 2007
Pages 946
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Comprehensive organometallic chemistry III has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Comprehensive organometallic chemistry III also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Comprehensive organometallic chemistry III book for free.



Applications of Transition Metal Catalysis in Drug Discovery and Development

Applications of Transition Metal Catalysis in Drug Discovery and Development Author Matthew L. Crawley
ISBN-10 9781118309834
Release 2012-05-14
Pages 384
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This book focuses on the drug discovery and development applications of transition metal catalyzed processes, which can efficiently create preclinical and clinical drug candidates as well as marketed drugs. The authors pay particular attention to the challenges of transitioning academically-developed reactions into scalable industrial processes. Additionally, the book lays the groundwork for how continued development of transition metal catalyzed processes can deliver new drug candidates. This work provides a unique perspective on the applications of transition metal catalysis in drug discovery and development – it is a guide, a historical prospective, a practical compendium, and a source of future direction for the field.



Nanoparticles and Catalysis

Nanoparticles and Catalysis Author Didier Astruc
ISBN-10 9783527621330
Release 2008-06-25
Pages 663
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Written by international experts, this monograph combines two of the most important aspects of modern chemistry, presenting the latest knowledge on these environmental friendly applications. This result is a comprehensive overview of the application of nanoparticles in catalysis, focusing on synthesis and the most important reaction types, providing all the information needed by catalytic, organic and solid state chemists, as well as those working with or on organometallics, materials scientists, and chemists in industry.



Catalysis for Renewables

Catalysis for Renewables Author Gabriele Centi
ISBN-10 9783527621125
Release 2008-01-08
Pages 448
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With its focus on catalysis and addressing two very hot and timely topics with significant implications for our future lives, this will be a white book in the field. The authority behind this practical work is the IDECAT Network of Excellence, and the authors here outline how the use of catalysis will promote the more extensive use of renewable feedstocks in chemical and energy production. They present the latest applications, their applicability and results, making this a ready reference for researchers and engineers working in catalysis, chemistry, and industrial processes wishing to analyze options, outlooks and opportunities in the field.



Ammonia Synthesis Catalysts

Ammonia Synthesis Catalysts Author Huazhang Liu
ISBN-10 9789814518802
Release 2013-03-21
Pages 896
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This book provides a review of worldwide developments in ammonia synthesis catalysts over the last 30 years. It focuses on the new generation of Fe1-xO based catalysts and ruthenium catalysts — both are major breakthroughs for fused iron catalysts. The basic theory for ammonia synthesis is systematically explained, covering topics such as the chemical components, crystal structure, preparation, reduction, performance evaluation, characterization of the catalysts, the mechanism and kinetics of ammonia synthesis reaction. Both theory and practice are combined in this presentation, with emphasis on the research methods, application and exploitation of catalysts. The comprehensive volume includes an assessment of the economic and engineering aspects of ammonia plants based on the performance of catalysts. Recent developments in photo-catalysis, electro-catalysis, biocatalysis and new uses of ammonia are also introduced in this book. The author, Professor Huazhang Liu, has been engaged in research and practice for more than 50 years in this field and was the inventor of the first Fe1-xO based catalysts in the world. He has done a lot of research on Fe3O4 based- and ruthenium based-catalysts, and has published more than 300 papers and obtained 21 patents during his career. Contents:Historical Evolution of Catalysts for Ammonia SynthesisCatalytic Reaction Mechanisms of Ammonia SynthesisChemical Composition and Structure of Fused Iron CatalystsPreparation of Fused Iron CatalystsReduction of Fused Iron CatalystsRuthenium Based Ammonia Synthesis CatalystsPerformance Evaluation and Characterization of CatalystsPerformance and Application of CatalystsEffect of Catalyst Performance on the Economic Benefits of Catalytic ProcessInnovation and Speculation Readership: Researchers in academia and industry working on catalysts for ammonia synthesis. Keywords:Ammonia Synthesis;Catalysts;Catalytic;Iron Catalyst;Fused Iron Catalyst;Ruthenium CatalystKey Features:Provides a review of worldwide developments in ammonia synthesis catalysts over the last 30 yearsFocuses on the new generation of Fe1-xO based catalysts and ruthenium catalystsCombines theory and practice, with emphasis on research methods and industrial exploitation



Catalytic Carbonylation Reactions

Catalytic Carbonylation Reactions Author Matthias Beller
ISBN-10 9783540330028
Release 2006-09-14
Pages 283
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Carbonylation reactions are of major importance in both organic and industrial chemistry. Due to the availability, price and reactivity pattern, carbon monoxide is becoming a more and more important building block for fine and bulk chemicals. The major reaction types of carbon monoxide are comprehensively discussed by leading experts from academia and industry. The authors highlight important carbonylation reactions such as hydroformylation, alkoxy-carbonylations, co/olefin-copolymerization, Pauson-Khand reactions and others. They illustrate applications in organic synthesis and give industrial examples. This volume is designed to provide graduate students and researchers with essential information on the use of carbon monoxide in organic synthesis. Therefore, the reader will get a balanced view of this developing and complex subject.



International Assessment of Research and Development in Catalysis by Nanostructured Materials

International Assessment of Research and Development in Catalysis by Nanostructured Materials Author Robert Davis
ISBN-10 9781848166899
Release 2011
Pages 302
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Catalyst technologies account for over $1 trillion of revenue in the U.S. economy alone. The applications range from medicines and alternative energy fuel cell technologies to the development of new and innovative clothing fibers. In this book, a World Technology Evaluation Center (WTEC) panel of eight experts in the field assesses the current state of research and development in catalysis by nanostructured materials, its sources of funding, and discusses the state of the field with respect to productivity and leadership in various nations around the world. In addition to showing the numerous and highly advantageous practical applications of the field, the panel concludes that Western Europe is currently the most productive region, followed closely by the United States. Still, the research and development output of the People's Republic of China has recently surpassed that of Japan and is now poised to surpass that of the U.S. as well. As such, this assessment is a timely review of the field's progress, taking into account the increasing contributions from Asia, and will be essential reading for professionals, whether they are seeking an in-depth summary of the state of the art or a broad view of trends affecting the discipline.



Transition Metal Catalyzed Carbonylation Reactions

Transition Metal Catalyzed Carbonylation Reactions Author Matthias Beller
ISBN-10 9783642390166
Release 2013-08-13
Pages 228
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Transition Metal Catalyzed Carbonylation Reactions is a comprehensive monograph focusing on carbon monoxide usage. This book provides students and researchers in organic synthesis with a detailed discussion of carbonylation from the basics through to applications. The authors have structured the book around the types of reactions, based on the different nucleophiles involved. Scientists working in carbonylation or with carbon monoxide, as well as teachers of organic synthesis can use this book to become familiar with this important area of organic chemistry.



Handbook of Carbon Nano Materials

Handbook of Carbon Nano Materials Author Francis D'Souza
ISBN-10 9814678902
Release 2015-08-25
Pages 600
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Handbook of Carbon Nano Materials has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Handbook of Carbon Nano Materials also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Handbook of Carbon Nano Materials book for free.



Principles and Methods for Accelerated Catalyst Design and Testing

Principles and Methods for Accelerated Catalyst Design and Testing Author E.G. Derouane
ISBN-10 9789401005548
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 521
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High throughput experimentation has met great success in drug design but it has, so far, been scarcely used in the field ofcatalysis. We present in this book the outcome of a NATO ASI meeting that was held in Vilamoura, Portugal, between July 15 and 28, 2001, with the objective of delineating and consolidating the principles and methods underpinning accelerated catalyst design, evaluation, and development. There is a need to make the underlying principles of this new methodology more widely understood and to make it available in a coherent and integrated format. The latter objective is particularly important to the young scientists who will constitute the new catalysis researchers generation. Indeed, this field which is at the frontier offundamental science and may be a renaissance for catalysis, is one which is much more complex than classical catalysis itself. It implies a close collaboration between scientists from many disciplines (chemistry, physics, chemical and mechanical engineering, automation, robotics, and scientific computing in general). In addition, this emerging area of science is also of paramount industrial importance, as progress in this area would collapse the time necessary to discover new catalysts or improve existing ones.



Zeolites for Cleaner Technologies

Zeolites for Cleaner Technologies Author Michel Guisnet
ISBN-10 9781783261178
Release 2002-09-19
Pages 388
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This book, written and edited by leading authorities from academia and industrial groups, covers both preventive- and curative-zeolite-based technologies in the field of chemical processing. The opening chapter presents the state of the art in zeolite science. The two subsequent chapters summarize the chemistries involved in the processes and the constraints imposed on the catalyst/adsorbent. Three major areas are covered: oil refining, petrochemicals and fine chemicals. A chapter on the (curative) use of zeolites in pollution abatement completes this overview. In the area of oil refining, a general lecture sets the scene for present and future challenges. It is followed by in-depth case studies involving FCC, hydrocracking and light naphtha isomerization. Also, an entire chapter is devoted to the often-overlooked subject of base oils. In the area of petrochemicals, the processing of aromatics and olefins is described and special attention is paid to the synergy between catalysis and separation on molecular sieves. Contents:Introduction to Zeolite Science and Technology (M Guisnet & J-P Gilson)The Chemistry of Catalytic Processes (A Corma & A Martínez)Preparation of Zeolite Catalysts (T G Roberie et al.)Refining Processes: Setting the Scene (R H Jensen)Advances in Fluid Catalytic Cracking (E T Habib et al.)Hydrocracking (J A R Van Veen)C4-C6 Alkane Isomerisation (F Schmidt & E Köhler)Base Oil Production and Processing (M Daage)Para-Xylene ManufacturingCatalytic Reactions and Processes (F Alario & M Guisnet)Separation of Paraxylene by Adsorption (A Méthivier)Aromatic Alkylation: Towards Cleaner Processes (J S Beck et al.)Methanol to Olefins (MTO) and Beyond (P Barger)Zeolite Effects on Catalytic Transformations of Fine Chemicals (D E De Vos & P A Jacobs)Functionalization of Aromatics over Zeolite Catalysts (P Marion et al.)Zeolites and ‘Non-Zeolite’ Molecular Sieves in the Synthesis of Fragrances and Flavors (W F Hoelderich & M C Laufer)Pollution Abatment Using Zeolites: State of the Art and Further Needs (G Delahay & B Coq) Readership: Undergraduates, graduate students, academics and researchers in catalyst chemistry. Reviews:“Chapter authors have provided a teaching text that gives excellent introductory chapters to zeolites, and to the nature and significance of the processes that they can catalyse … This excellent book should be required reading for all scientists who have an interest in improving the environment.”Chemistry & Industry