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Nonparametric Methods in Statistics with SAS Applications

Nonparametric Methods in Statistics with SAS Applications Author Olga Korosteleva
ISBN-10 9781466580633
Release 2013-08-19
Pages 195
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Designed for a graduate course in applied statistics, Nonparametric Methods in Statistics with SAS Applications teaches students how to apply nonparametric techniques to statistical data. It starts with the tests of hypotheses and moves on to regression modeling, time-to-event analysis, density estimation, and resampling methods. The text begins with classical nonparametric hypotheses testing, including the sign, Wilcoxon sign-rank and rank-sum, Ansari-Bradley, Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Friedman rank, Kruskal-Wallis H, Spearman rank correlation coefficient, and Fisher exact tests. It then discusses smoothing techniques (loess and thin-plate splines) for classical nonparametric regression as well as binary logistic and Poisson models. The author also describes time-to-event nonparametric estimation methods, such as the Kaplan-Meier survival curve and Cox proportional hazards model, and presents histogram and kernel density estimation methods. The book concludes with the basics of jackknife and bootstrap interval estimation. Drawing on data sets from the author’s many consulting projects, this classroom-tested book includes various examples from psychology, education, clinical trials, and other areas. It also presents a set of exercises at the end of each chapter. All examples and exercises require the use of SAS 9.3 software. Complete SAS codes for all examples are given in the text. Large data sets for the exercises are available on the author’s website.

Statistics in the Health Sciences

Statistics in the Health Sciences Author Albert Vexler
ISBN-10 9781315293769
Release 2018-01-19
Pages 398
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"This very informative book introduces classical and novel statistical methods that can be used by theoretical and applied biostatisticians to develop efficient solutions for real-world problems encountered in clinical trials and epidemiological studies. The authors provide a detailed discussion of methodological and applied issues in parametric, semi-parametric and nonparametric approaches, including computationally extensive data-driven techniques, such as empirical likelihood, sequential procedures, and bootstrap methods. Many of these techniques are implemented using popular software such as R and SAS."— Vlad Dragalin, Professor, Johnson and Johnson, Spring House, PA "It is always a pleasure to come across a new book that covers nearly all facets of a branch of science one thought was so broad, so diverse, and so dynamic that no single book could possibly hope to capture all of the fundamentals as well as directions of the field. The topics within the book’s purview—fundamentals of measure-theoretic probability; parametric and non-parametric statistical inference; central limit theorems; basics of martingale theory; Monte Carlo methods; sequential analysis; sequential change-point detection—are all covered with inspiring clarity and precision. The authors are also very thorough and avail themselves of the most recent scholarship. They provide a detailed account of the state of the art, and bring together results that were previously scattered across disparate disciplines. This makes the book more than just a textbook: it is a panoramic companion to the field of Biostatistics. The book is self-contained, and the concise but careful exposition of material makes it accessible to a wide audience. This is appealing to graduate students interested in getting into the field, and also to professors looking to design a course on the subject." — Aleksey S. Polunchenko, Department of Mathematical Sciences, State University of New York at Binghamton This book should be appropriate for use both as a text and as a reference. This book delivers a "ready-to-go" well-structured product to be employed in developing advanced courses. In this book the readers can find classical and new theoretical methods, open problems and new procedures. The book presents biostatistical results that are novel to the current set of books on the market and results that are even new with respect to the modern scientific literature. Several of these results can be found only in this book.

Large Sample Methods in Statistics

Large Sample Methods in Statistics Author Pranab K. Sen
ISBN-10 0412042215
Release 1994-04-04
Pages 400
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This text bridges the gap between sound theoretcial developments and practical, fruitful methodology by providing solid justification for standard symptotic statistical methods. It contains a unified survey of standard large sample theory and provides access to more complex statistical models that arise in diverse practical applications.

Applied Categorical and Count Data Analysis

Applied Categorical and Count Data Analysis Author Wan Tang
ISBN-10 9781439897935
Release 2012-06-04
Pages 384
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Developed from the authors’ graduate-level biostatistics course, Applied Categorical and Count Data Analysis explains how to perform the statistical analysis of discrete data, including categorical and count outcomes. The authors describe the basic ideas underlying each concept, model, and approach to give readers a good grasp of the fundamentals of the methodology without using rigorous mathematical arguments. The text covers classic concepts and popular topics, such as contingency tables, logistic models, and Poisson regression models, along with modern areas that include models for zero-modified count outcomes, parametric and semiparametric longitudinal data analysis, reliability analysis, and methods for dealing with missing values. R, SAS, SPSS, and Stata programming codes are provided for all the examples, enabling readers to immediately experiment with the data in the examples and even adapt or extend the codes to fit data from their own studies. Designed for a one-semester course for graduate and senior undergraduate students in biostatistics, this self-contained text is also suitable as a self-learning guide for biomedical and psychosocial researchers. It will help readers analyze data with discrete variables in a wide range of biomedical and psychosocial research fields.

Marketing Research with SAS Enterprise Guide

Marketing Research with SAS Enterprise Guide Author Professor Karine Charry
ISBN-10 9781409459286
Release 2012-09-28
Pages 316
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Marketing Research with SAS Enterprise Guide provides a detailed explanation of the SAS® Enterprise Guide software. Using 236 screen shots and based on a step-by-step approach and real managerial situations, it guides the reader to an understanding of the use of statistical methods. It demonstrates ways of extracting information and collating it to provide reliable results, and how to use these results to solve day-to-day business and research problems.

Handbook of Mixed Membership Models and Their Applications

Handbook of Mixed Membership Models and Their Applications Author Edoardo M. Airoldi
ISBN-10 9781466504097
Release 2014-11-06
Pages 618
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In response to scientific needs for more diverse and structured explanations of statistical data, researchers have discovered how to model individual data points as belonging to multiple groups. Handbook of Mixed Membership Models and Their Applications shows you how to use these flexible modeling tools to uncover hidden patterns in modern high-dimensional multivariate data. It explores the use of the models in various application settings, including survey data, population genetics, text analysis, image processing and annotation, and molecular biology. Through examples using real data sets, you’ll discover how to characterize complex multivariate data in: Studies involving genetic databases Patterns in the progression of diseases and disabilities Combinations of topics covered by text documents Political ideology or electorate voting patterns Heterogeneous relationships in networks, and much more The handbook spans more than 20 years of the editors’ and contributors’ statistical work in the field. Top researchers compare partial and mixed membership models, explain how to interpret mixed membership, delve into factor analysis, and describe nonparametric mixed membership models. They also present extensions of the mixed membership model for text analysis, sequence and rank data, and network data as well as semi-supervised mixed membership models.

Nonparametric Statistical Tests

Nonparametric Statistical Tests Author Markus Neuhauser
ISBN-10 9781439867044
Release 2011-12-19
Pages 248
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Nonparametric Statistical Tests: A Computational Approach describes classical nonparametric tests, as well as novel and little-known methods such as the Baumgartner-Weiss-Schindler and the Cucconi tests. The book presents SAS and R programs, allowing readers to carry out the different statistical methods, such as permutation and bootstrap tests. The author considers example data sets in each chapter to illustrate methods. Numerous real-life data from various areas, including the bible, and their analyses provide for greatly diversified reading. The book covers: Nonparametric two-sample tests for the location-shift model, specifically the Fisher-Pitman permutation test, the Wilcoxon rank sum test, and the Baumgartner-Weiss-Schindler test Permutation tests, location-scale tests, tests for the nonparametric Behrens-Fisher problem, and tests for a difference in variability Tests for the general alternative, including the (Kolmogorov-)Smirnov test, ordered categorical, and discrete numerical data Well-known one-sample tests such as the sign test and Wilcoxon’s signed rank test, a modification suggested by Pratt (1959), a permutation test with original observations, and a one-sample bootstrap test are presented. Tests for more than two groups, the following tests are described in detail: the Kruskal-Wallis test, the permutation F test, the Jonckheere-Terpstra trend test, tests for umbrella alternatives, and the Friedman and Page tests for multiple dependent groups The concepts of independence and correlation, and stratified tests such as the van Elteren test and combination tests The applicability of computer-intensive methods such as bootstrap and permutation tests for non-standard situations and complex designs Although the major development of nonparametric methods came to a certain end in the 1970s, their importance undoubtedly persists. What is still needed is a computer assisted evaluation of their main properties. This book closes that gap.

Generalized Linear Mixed Models

Generalized Linear Mixed Models Author Walter W. Stroup
ISBN-10 9781439815137
Release 2016-04-19
Pages 555
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Generalized Linear Mixed Models: Modern Concepts, Methods and Applications presents an introduction to linear modeling using the generalized linear mixed model (GLMM) as an overarching conceptual framework. For readers new to linear models, the book helps them see the big picture. It shows how linear models fit with the rest of the core statistics curriculum and points out the major issues that statistical modelers must consider. Along with describing common applications of GLMMs, the text introduces the essential theory and main methodology associated with linear models that accommodate random model effects and non-Gaussian data. Unlike traditional linear model textbooks that focus on normally distributed data, this one adopts a generalized mixed model approach throughout: data for linear modeling need not be normally distributed and effects may be fixed or random. With numerous examples using SAS® PROC GLIMMIX, this book is ideal for graduate students in statistics, statistics professionals seeking to update their knowledge, and researchers new to the generalized linear model thought process. It focuses on data-driven processes and provides context for extending traditional linear model thinking to generalized linear mixed modeling. See Professor Stroup discuss the book.

Introduction to the Theory of Statistical Inference

Introduction to the Theory of Statistical Inference Author Hannelore Liero
ISBN-10 9781466503205
Release 2016-04-19
Pages 284
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Based on the authors’ lecture notes, Introduction to the Theory of Statistical Inference presents concise yet complete coverage of statistical inference theory, focusing on the fundamental classical principles. Suitable for a second-semester undergraduate course on statistical inference, the book offers proofs to support the mathematics. It illustrates core concepts using cartoons and provides solutions to all examples and problems. Highlights Basic notations and ideas of statistical inference are explained in a mathematically rigorous, but understandable, form Classroom-tested and designed for students of mathematical statistics Examples, applications of the general theory to special cases, exercises, and figures provide a deeper insight into the material Solutions provided for problems formulated at the end of each chapter Combines the theoretical basis of statistical inference with a useful applied toolbox that includes linear models Theoretical, difficult, or frequently misunderstood problems are marked The book is aimed at advanced undergraduate students, graduate students in mathematics and statistics, and theoretically-interested students from other disciplines. Results are presented as theorems and corollaries. All theorems are proven and important statements are formulated as guidelines in prose. With its multipronged and student-tested approach, this book is an excellent introduction to the theory of statistical inference.

Statistical Testing Strategies in the Health Sciences

Statistical Testing Strategies in the Health Sciences Author Albert Vexler
ISBN-10 9781315353012
Release 2017-12-21
Pages 703
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Statistical Testing Strategies in the Health Sciences provides a compendium of statistical approaches for decision making, ranging from graphical methods and classical procedures through computationally intensive bootstrap strategies to advanced empirical likelihood techniques. It bridges the gap between theoretical statistical methods and practical procedures applied to the planning and analysis of health-related experiments. The book is organized primarily based on the type of questions to be answered by inference procedures or according to the general type of mathematical derivation. It establishes the theoretical framework for each method, with a substantial amount of chapter notes included for additional reference. It then focuses on the practical application for each concept, providing real-world examples that can be easily implemented using corresponding statistical software code in R and SAS. The book also explains the basic elements and methods for constructing correct and powerful statistical decision-making processes to be adapted for complex statistical applications. With techniques spanning robust statistical methods to more computationally intensive approaches, this book shows how to apply correct and efficient testing mechanisms to various problems encountered in medical and epidemiological studies, including clinical trials. Theoretical statisticians, medical researchers, and other practitioners in epidemiology and clinical research will appreciate the book’s novel theoretical and applied results. The book is also suitable for graduate students in biostatistics, epidemiology, health-related sciences, and areas pertaining to formal decision-making mechanisms.

Understanding Advanced Statistical Methods

Understanding Advanced Statistical Methods Author Peter Westfall
ISBN-10 9781466512108
Release 2013-04-09
Pages 569
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Providing a much-needed bridge between elementary statistics courses and advanced research methods courses, Understanding Advanced Statistical Methods helps students grasp the fundamental assumptions and machinery behind sophisticated statistical topics, such as logistic regression, maximum likelihood, bootstrapping, nonparametrics, and Bayesian methods. The book teaches students how to properly model, think critically, and design their own studies to avoid common errors. It leads them to think differently not only about math and statistics but also about general research and the scientific method. With a focus on statistical models as producers of data, the book enables students to more easily understand the machinery of advanced statistics. It also downplays the "population" interpretation of statistical models and presents Bayesian methods before frequentist ones. Requiring no prior calculus experience, the text employs a "just-in-time" approach that introduces mathematical topics, including calculus, where needed. Formulas throughout the text are used to explain why calculus and probability are essential in statistical modeling. The authors also intuitively explain the theory and logic behind real data analysis, incorporating a range of application examples from the social, economic, biological, medical, physical, and engineering sciences. Enabling your students to answer the why behind statistical methods, this text teaches them how to successfully draw conclusions when the premises are flawed. It empowers them to use advanced statistical methods with confidence and develop their own statistical recipes. Ancillary materials are available on the book’s website.

Practical Statistical Methods

Practical Statistical Methods Author Lakshmi Padgett
ISBN-10 9781439812549
Release 2016-04-19
Pages 304
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Practical Statistical Methods: A SAS Programming Approach presents a broad spectrum of statistical methods useful for researchers without an extensive statistical background. In addition to nonparametric methods, it covers methods for discrete and continuous data. Omitting mathematical details and complicated formulae, the text provides SAS programs to carry out the necessary analyses and draw appropriate inferences for common statistical problems. After introducing fundamental statistical concepts, the author describes methods used for quantitative data and continuous data following normal and nonnormal distributions. She then focuses on regression methodology, highlighting simple linear regression, logistic regression, and the proportional hazards model. The final chapter briefly discusses such miscellaneous topics as propensity scores, misclassification errors, interim analysis, conditional power, bootstrap, and jackknife. With SAS code and output integrated throughout, this book shows how to interpret data using SAS and illustrates the many statistical methods available for tackling problems in a range of fields, including the pharmaceutical industry and the social sciences.

Nonparametric Statistical Methods For Complete and Censored Data

Nonparametric Statistical Methods For Complete and Censored Data Author M.M. Desu
ISBN-10 1584883197
Release 2003-09-29
Pages 384
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Balancing the "cookbook" approach of some texts with the more mathematical approach of others, Nonparametric Statistical Methods for Complete and Censored Data introduces commonly used non-parametric methods for complete data and extends those methods to right censored data analysis. Whenever possible, the authors derive their methodology from the general theory of statistical inference and introduce the concepts intuitively for students with minimal backgrounds. Derivations and mathematical details are relegated to appendices at the end of each chapter, which allows students to easily proceed through each chapter without becoming bogged down in a lot of mathematics. In addition to the nonparametric methods for analyzing complete and censored data, the book covers optimal linear rank statistics, clinical equivalence, analysis of block designs, and precedence tests. To make the material more accessible and practical, the authors use SAS programs to illustrate the various methods included. Exercises in each chapter, SAS code, and a clear, accessible presentation make this an outstanding text for a one-semester senior or graduate-level course in nonparametric statistics for students in a variety of disciplines, from statistics and biostatistics to business, psychology, and the social scientists. Prerequisites: Students will need a solid background in calculus and a two-semester course in mathematical statistics.

Data Mining Using SAS Applications

Data Mining Using SAS Applications Author George Fernandez
ISBN-10 1420057332
Release 2010-12-12
Pages 367
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Most books on data mining focus on principles and furnish few instructions on how to carry out a data mining project. Data Mining Using SAS Applications not only introduces the key concepts but also enables readers to understand and successfully apply data mining methods using powerful yet user-friendly SAS macro-call files. These methods stress the use of visualization to thoroughly study the structure of data and check the validity of statistical models fitted to data. Learn how to convert PC databases to SAS data Discover sampling techniques to create training and validation samples Understand frequency data analysis for categorical data Explore supervised and unsupervised learning Master exploratory graphical techniques Acquire model validation techniques in regression and classification The text furnishes 13 easy-to-use SAS data mining macros designed to work with the standard SAS modules. No additional modules or previous experience in SAS programming is required. The author shows how to perform complete predictive modeling, including data exploration, model fitting, assumption checks, validation, and scoring new data, on SAS datasets in less than ten minutes!

Nonparametric Statistical Inference Fifth Edition

Nonparametric Statistical Inference  Fifth Edition Author Jean Dickinson Gibbons
ISBN-10 1420077619
Release 2010-07-26
Pages 650
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Proven Material for a Course on the Introduction to the Theory and/or on the Applications of Classical Nonparametric Methods Since its first publication in 1971, Nonparametric Statistical Inference has been widely regarded as the source for learning about nonparametric statistics. The fifth edition carries on this tradition while thoroughly revising at least 50 percent of the material. New to the Fifth Edition Updated and revised contents based on recent journal articles in the literature A new section in the chapter on goodness-of-fit tests A new chapter that offers practical guidance on how to choose among the various nonparametric procedures covered Additional problems and examples Improved computer figures This classic, best-selling statistics book continues to cover the most commonly used nonparametric procedures. The authors carefully state the assumptions, develop the theory behind the procedures, and illustrate the techniques using realistic research examples from the social, behavioral, and life sciences. For most procedures, they present the tests of hypotheses, confidence interval estimation, sample size determination, power, and comparisons of other relevant procedures. The text also gives examples of computer applications based on Minitab, SAS, and StatXact and compares these examples with corresponding hand calculations. The appendix includes a collection of tables required for solving the data-oriented problems. Nonparametric Statistical Inference, Fifth Edition provides in-depth yet accessible coverage of the theory and methods of nonparametric statistical inference procedures. It takes a practical approach that draws on scores of examples and problems and minimizes the theorem-proof format. Jean Dickinson Gibbons was recently interviewed regarding her generous pledge to Virginia Tech.

Nonparametric Statistical Methods Using R

Nonparametric Statistical Methods Using R Author John Kloke
ISBN-10 9781498787277
Release 2016-04-19
Pages 287
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A Practical Guide to Implementing Nonparametric and Rank-Based Procedures Nonparametric Statistical Methods Using R covers traditional nonparametric methods and rank-based analyses, including estimation and inference for models ranging from simple location models to general linear and nonlinear models for uncorrelated and correlated responses. The authors emphasize applications and statistical computation. They illustrate the methods with many real and simulated data examples using R, including the packages Rfit and npsm. The book first gives an overview of the R language and basic statistical concepts before discussing nonparametrics. It presents rank-based methods for one- and two-sample problems, procedures for regression models, computation for general fixed-effects ANOVA and ANCOVA models, and time-to-event analyses. The last two chapters cover more advanced material, including high breakdown fits for general regression models and rank-based inference for cluster correlated data. The book can be used as a primary text or supplement in a course on applied nonparametric or robust procedures and as a reference for researchers who need to implement nonparametric and rank-based methods in practice. Through numerous examples, it shows readers how to apply these methods using R.

Bayesian Ideas and Data Analysis

Bayesian Ideas and Data Analysis Author Ronald Christensen
ISBN-10 9781439803554
Release 2011-07-07
Pages 516
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Emphasizing the use of WinBUGS and R to analyze real data, Bayesian Ideas and Data Analysis: An Introduction for Scientists and Statisticians presents statistical tools to address scientific questions. It highlights foundational issues in statistics, the importance of making accurate predictions, and the need for scientists and statisticians to collaborate in analyzing data. The WinBUGS code provided offers a convenient platform to model and analyze a wide range of data. The first five chapters of the book contain core material that spans basic Bayesian ideas, calculations, and inference, including modeling one and two sample data from traditional sampling models. The text then covers Monte Carlo methods, such as Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) simulation. After discussing linear structures in regression, it presents binomial regression, normal regression, analysis of variance, and Poisson regression, before extending these methods to handle correlated data. The authors also examine survival analysis and binary diagnostic testing. A complementary chapter on diagnostic testing for continuous outcomes is available on the book’s website. The last chapter on nonparametric inference explores density estimation and flexible regression modeling of mean functions. The appropriate statistical analysis of data involves a collaborative effort between scientists and statisticians. Exemplifying this approach, Bayesian Ideas and Data Analysis focuses on the necessary tools and concepts for modeling and analyzing scientific data. Data sets and codes are provided on a supplemental website.