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Novel Approaches and Strategies for Biologics Vaccines and Cancer Therapies

Novel Approaches and Strategies for Biologics  Vaccines and Cancer Therapies Author Manmohan Singh
ISBN-10 9780124166615
Release 2014-12-30
Pages 520
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Novel Approaches and Strategies for Biologics, Vaccines and Cancer Therapies takes a look at the current strategies, successes and challenges involved with the development of novel formulations of biologics, vaccines and cancer therapy. This thorough reference on the latest trends in the development of diverse modalities will appeal to a broad community of scientists, students and clinicians. Written by leading authors across academia and industry, this book covers important topics such as unique drug delivery devices, non-parenteral delivery trends, novel approaches to the treatment of cancer, immunotherapy and more. It includes real-world cases and examples which highlight formulations with therapeutic proteins, monoclonal antibodies, peptides and biobetters, as well as cases on novel vaccines formulations including evolving pathogens, novel modalities of vaccines, universal vaccines. This book is a thorough and useful resource on the development of novel biologics, vaccines and cancer therapies. Provides strategies for the development of safe and efficacious novel formulations for various modalities of biologics, vaccines and for cancer therapy Highlights novel cases from current clinical trials as well as marketed products Reviews overall successes and challenges in the development of novel formulations, including new molecular targets for the treatment of diseases, design of target-specific therapies, regulatory considerations, individualized therapies



Microsized and Nanosized Carriers for Nonsteroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs

Microsized and Nanosized Carriers for Nonsteroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs Author Bojan Čalija
ISBN-10 9780128040805
Release 2017-01-03
Pages 284
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Microsized and Nanosized Carriers for Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs: Formulation Challenges and Potential Benefits provides a unique and complete overview of novel formulation strategies for improvement of the delivery of NSAIDs via encapsulation in microsized and nanosized carriers composed of different materials of natural and synthetic origin. This book presents the latest research on advances and limitations of both microsized and nanosized drug carriers and NSAIDs before discussing the formulation aspects of these drug carriers that are intended for oral, dermal, and transdermal administration of NSAIDs. In addition, functionality of these materials as potential excipients for microsized and nanosized carriers is discussed and debated. Practical solutions for improving effectiveness of these drugs are included throughout the book, making this an important resource for graduate students, professors, and researchers in the pharmaceutical sciences. Covers a wide range of microsized and nanosized carriers in one resource, including particulate carriers (microparticles, nanoparticles, and zeolites) and the soft colloidal carriers, such as micro-emulsions and nano-emulsions Presents the reader with various formulation approaches dependent on the characteristics of the material, model drug, and desired route of administration Approaches are based on the latest research in the area and formulation strategies may have broader applications to the encapsulation of other active pharmaceutical ingredients



Diagnostic and Therapeutic Applications of Exosomes in Cancer

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Applications of Exosomes in Cancer Author Mansoor M. Amiji
ISBN-10 9780128128046
Release 2018-05-09
Pages 400
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Diagnostic and Therapeutic Applications of Exosomes in Cancer evaluates the potential of exosome content manipulation in the development of novel therapeutics. In recent years, exosomes, the small vesicles produced by all cell types, have been identified as contributors to cancer growth and metastasis. However, due to their unique biophysical properties, they are also being tested for use in therapeutic design and delivery, as well as in diagnostics. This book presents a comprehensive analysis on exosomes, with a main emphasis on their biogenesis and signaling, use as biomarkers, and as tools for imaging, drug delivery and the treatment of cancer. Covers emerging pharmaceutical and diagnostic applications, including exosomes being tested as carriers of anticancer drugs, ongoing clinical trials, and exosomes as imaging agents for cancer diagnosis and treatment Brings together a team of highly regarded international authors who provide a full-rounded analysis Presents comprehensive coverage of the unique biophysical properties of exosomes Explores current and future possibilities



Nonclinical Development of Novel Biologics Biosimilars Vaccines and Specialty Biologics

Nonclinical Development of Novel Biologics  Biosimilars  Vaccines and Specialty Biologics Author Lisa Plitnick
ISBN-10 9780123948236
Release 2013-06-27
Pages 432
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Nonclinical Development of Novel Biologics, Biosimilars, Vaccines and Specialty Biologics is a complete reference devoted to the nonclinical safety assessment of novel biopharmaceuticals, biosimilars, vaccines, cell and gene therapies and blood products. This book compares and contrasts these types of biologics with one another and with small molecule drugs, while incorporating the most current and essential international regulatory documents. Each section discusses a different type of biologic, as well as early characterization strategies, principles of study design, preclinical pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics and preclinical assays. An edited book that is authored by leading experts in the field, this comprehensive reference provides critical insights to all researchers involved in early through late stage biologics. Provides in-depth coverage of the process of nonclinical safety assessment and comprehensive reviews of each type of biopharmaceutical Contains the most pertinent international regulatory guidance documents for nonclinical evaluation Covers early de-risking strategies and designs of safety assessment programs for novel biopharmaceuticals and vaccines, as well as follow-on biologics or "biosimilars" A multi-authored book with chapters written by qualified experts in their respective fields



Artificial Neural Network for Drug Design Delivery and Disposition

Artificial Neural Network for Drug Design  Delivery and Disposition Author Munish Puri
ISBN-10 9780128017449
Release 2015-10-15
Pages 440
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Artificial Neural Network for Drug Design, Delivery and Disposition provides an in-depth look at the use of artificial neural networks (ANN) in pharmaceutical research. With its ability to learn and self-correct in a highly complex environment, this predictive tool has tremendous potential to help researchers more effectively design, develop, and deliver successful drugs. This book illustrates how to use ANN methodologies and models with the intent to treat diseases like breast cancer, cardiac disease, and more. It contains the latest cutting-edge research, an analysis of the benefits of ANN, and relevant industry examples. As such, this book is an essential resource for academic and industry researchers across the pharmaceutical and biomedical sciences. Written by leading academic and industry scientists who have contributed significantly to the field and are at the forefront of artificial neural network (ANN) research Focuses on ANN in drug design, discovery and delivery, as well as adopted methodologies and their applications to the treatment of various diseases and disorders Chapters cover important topics across the pharmaceutical process, such as ANN in structure-based drug design and the application of ANN in modern drug discovery Presents the future potential of ANN-based strategies in biomedical image analysis and much more



Applications of Viruses for Cancer Therapy

Applications of Viruses for Cancer Therapy Author David T. Curiel
ISBN-10 9780123983428
Release 2012
Pages 244
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Provides information on the field of cancer research. It covers topics such as: Cancer Terminator Viruses and Approaches for Enhancing Therapeutic Outcomes, essign of improved oncolytic adenoviruses, and Adenovirus-based immunotherapies for cancer.



Developments in T Cell Based Cancer Immunotherapies

Developments in T Cell Based Cancer Immunotherapies Author Paolo A. Ascierto
ISBN-10 9783319211671
Release 2015-11-26
Pages 305
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This volume illustrates the salient aspects of cancer biology relevant to the successful implementation of immunotherapy. Topics include enhancement of antigen-specific immune responses by anti-cancer vaccines, modulation of the function of T cells within the tumor microenvironment, and the effects of genetic, epigenetic, developmental, and environmental determinants on T cell function. Other topics covered include the ex vivo expansion of T or other immune cells and their genetic modification or reprogramming to increase their ability to survive and expand when adoptively transferred back to the patients. Specific attention is devoted to the genetic manipulation of T cells through the introduction of re-directed T cell receptors, chimeric antibody receptors, and other genetic manipulation aimed at improving their effectiveness as anti-cancer agents. Furthermore, the revolutionary role of checkpoint inhibitors and their potential in combination with other immunotherapeutic approaches or with standard chemo and radiation therapy are extensively discussed.



Progressive Neuroblastoma

Progressive Neuroblastoma Author H. Christiansen
ISBN-10 9783318054972
Release 2015-09-28
Pages 192
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Neuroblastoma is a tumor derived from the sympathetic nervous system. It is the most common extracranial solid tumor occurring in children and exhibits a marked variability in outcome when the disease is categorized by clinical (e.g. age or stage) and biologic characteristics. This book gives an introduction into the clinical features of progressive neuroblastoma and focuses on molecular-targeted therapies and immunotherapies of this disease. It has become increasingly clear that MYCN (v-myc avian myelocytomatosis viral oncogene neuroblastoma derived homolog) holds a key position in neuroblastic transformation and gene expression in normal and transformed cells. In the 14 chapters important topics such as genomic alterations in neuroblastoma and strategies for indirect molecular targeting of MYCN are discussed. Two chapters, for example, review apoptotic pathways and proapoptotic molecular targets in neuroblastoma, one focusing on the p53 pathway and the extrinsic and intrinsic pathways of apoptosis. Other chapters cover topics related to immunology in neuroblastoma, such as immune regulation in neuroblastoma, immunotherapy related to passive and active vaccination approaches and additional immunotherapy in the treatment of progressive disease. This volume will be essential reading for all clinicians and basic researchers who are involved in delivering health care to patients with progressive neuroblastoma.



Immune Rebalancing

Immune Rebalancing Author Diana Boraschi
ISBN-10 9780128033364
Release 2016-01-25
Pages 298
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Immune Rebalancing: The Future of Immunosuppression summarizes the most promising perspectives of immunopharmacology, in particular in the area of immunosuppression by considering molecular pathways, personalized medicine, microbiome and nanomedicine. Modulation of immune responses for therapeutic purposes is a particularly relevant area, given the central role of anomalous immunity in diseases. These diseases vary from the most typically immune-related syndromes (autoimmune diseases, allergy and asthma, immunodeficiencies) to those in which altered immunity and inflammation define the pathological outcomes (chronic infections, tumours, chronic inflammatory and degenerative diseases, metabolic disorders, etc. Visits immunosuppression from a modern point of view of signalling mechanisms at the light of the current knowledge of signalling mechanisms and regulatory networks allows the reader to formulate new ideas and concepts on how to use immunosuppression the therapeutic purposes Encourages researchers to engage into exploring the field of pharmacological modulation of immune responses in depth, and with the new knowledge and tools available, designs more effective therapeutic strategies to autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, cancer, degenerative diseases and infections Examines the link between molecular pathways associated to immune-suppression and the new immunopharmacology approaches Provides information on the new strategies for drug development in this field Considers the role of microbes in the development of the mammalian immune system and immune responses, which will widen the reader’s strategy for addressing therapeutic immune modulations



Recent Advances in Cancer Research and Therapy

Recent Advances in Cancer Research and Therapy Author Xin-Yuan Liu
ISBN-10 9780123978363
Release 2012-05-18
Pages 700
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Cancer continues to be one of the major causes of death throughout the developed world, which has led to increased research on effective treatments. Because of this, in the past decade, rapid progress in the field of cancer treatment has been seen. Recent Advances in Cancer Research and Therapy reviews in specific details some of the most effective and promising treatments developed in research centers worldwide. While referencing advances in traditional therapies and treatments such as chemotherapy, this book also highlights advances in biotherapy including research using Interferon and Super Interferon, HecI based and liposome based therapy, gene therapy, and p53 based cancer therapy. There is also a discussion of current cancer research in China including traditional Chinese medicine. Written by leading scientists in the field, this book provides an essential insight into the current state of cancer therapy and treatment. Includes a wide range of research areas including a focus on biotherapy and the development of novel cancer therapeutic strategies. Formatted for a broad audience including all working in researching cancer treatments and therapies. Discusses special traits and results of Chinese cancer research.



Oncolytic Viruses Genetically Engineering the Future of Cancer Therapy

Oncolytic Viruses   Genetically Engineering the Future of Cancer Therapy Author Benjamin Gesundheit
ISBN-10 9782889453580
Release 2016-11-22
Pages
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The ability to genetically engineer oncolytic viruses in order to minimize side effects and improve the selective targeting of tumor cells has opened up novel opportunities for treating cancer. Understanding the mechanisms involved and the complex interaction between the viruses and the immune system will undoubtedly help guide the development of new strategies. Theranostic biomarkers to monitor these therapies in clinical trials serve an important need in this innovative field and demand further research.



Gene Therapy of Cancer

Gene Therapy of Cancer Author Wolfgang Walther
ISBN-10 9781592590865
Release 2000
Pages 645
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In Gene Therapy of Cancer: Methods and Protocols, Wolfgang Walther and Ulrike Stein survey the rapidly evolving field cancer gene therapy and provide a broad array of leading-edge protocols for the delivery of therapeutic genes into tumors. Described in step-by-step fashion and enriched with each author's own practical tips, these readily reproducible methods are currently being widely applied in cancer gene therapy investigations, including immunotherapy and tumor vaccination, suicide gene therapy, antioncogene therapy, and antisense and ribozyme gene therapy. Representative strategies are provided for gene targeting and for viral or nonviral gene delivery in cancer therapy, as well as a significant number of clinical protocols for the development of novel cancer gene therapies. Gene Therapy of Cancer: Methods and Protocols offers basic and clinical researchers a broad ranging overview and collection of the most recent advances in gene transfer techniques. Written by leading international authorities, its readily reproducible, cutting-edge methods constitute today's most valuable tools for the study of cancer gene therapy in both the laboratory and clinical trials.



HIV and the Pathogenesis of AIDS

HIV and the Pathogenesis of AIDS Author Jay A. Levy
ISBN-10 1555813933
Release 2007
Pages 644
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Overview of the field of HIV pathogenesis, presenting the aspects of HIV infection and control.



The Vaccine Book

The Vaccine Book Author Barry R. Bloom
ISBN-10 9780128054000
Release 2016-06-23
Pages 664
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The Vaccine Book, Second Edition provides comprehensive information on the current and future state of vaccines. It reveals the scientific opportunities and potential impact of vaccines, including economic and ethical challenges, problems encountered when producing vaccines, how clinical vaccine trials are designed, and how to introduce vaccines into widespread use. Although vaccines are now available for many diseases, there are still challenges ahead for major diseases, such as AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. This book is designed for students, researchers, public health officials, and all others interested in increasing their understanding of vaccines. It answers common questions regarding the use of vaccines in the context of a rapidly expanding anti-vaccine environment. This new edition is completely updated and revised with new and unique topics, including new vaccines, problems of declining immunization rates, trust in vaccines, the vaccine hesitancy, and the social value of vaccines for the community vs. the individual child’s risk. Provides insights into diseases that could be prevented, along with the challenges facing research scientists in the world of vaccines Gives new ideas about future vaccines and concepts Introduces new vaccines and concepts Gives ideas about challenges facing public and private industrial investors in the vaccine area Discusses the problem of declining immunization rates and vaccine hesitancy



DNA Vaccination Genetic Vaccination

DNA Vaccination Genetic Vaccination Author Hilary Koprowski
ISBN-10 9783642804755
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 198
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Genetic / DNA immunization represents a novel approach to vaccine and immune therapeutic development. The direct injec tion of nucleic acid expression cassettes into a living host results in a limited number of its cells becoming factories for production of the introduced gene products. This host-inappropriate gene expression has important immunological consequences, resulting in the specific immune activation of the host against the gene delivered antigen. The recent demonstration by a number of laboratories that the induced immune responses are functional in experimental models against both specific infectious diseases and cancers is likely to have dramatic consequences for the develop ment of a new generation of experimental vaccines and immune therapies. This technology has the potential to enable the pro duction of vaccines and immune-based therapies that are not only effective immunologically but are accessible to the entire world (rather than just to the most developed nations). Vaccine Development Vaccination against pathogenic microorganisms represents one of the most important advances in the history of medicine. Vaccines, including those against polio, measles, mumps, rubella, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, pertussis and other diseases, have dramatically improved and protected more human lives than any other avenue of modern medicine. The vaccine against smallpox, for example, has been so successful that it is now widely believed that this malicious killer, responsible for more deaths in the twentieth century than World Wars I and II combined, has been removed from the face of the earth.



Facilitating Collaborations to Develop Combination Investigational Cancer Therapies

Facilitating Collaborations to Develop Combination Investigational Cancer Therapies Author National Cancer Policy Forum
ISBN-10 9780309220651
Release 2012-02-20
Pages 103
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Advances in biomedical research have increased our understanding of the complex nature of disease and the interaction of multiple molecular pathways involved in cancer. Combining investigational products early in their development is thought to be a promising strategy for identifying effective therapies. The IOM's National Cancer Policy Forum held a workshop to discuss challenges and identify potential solutions to improve collaboration and advance the development of combination investigational cancer therapies.



ADME and Translational Pharmacokinetics Pharmacodynamics of Therapeutic Proteins

ADME and Translational Pharmacokinetics   Pharmacodynamics of Therapeutic Proteins Author Honghui Zhou
ISBN-10 9781118898802
Release 2015-10-26
Pages 472
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With an emphasis on the fundamental and practical aspects of ADME for therapeutic proteins, this book helps readers strategize, plan and implement translational research for biologic drugs. • Details cutting-edge ADME (absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion) and PKPD (pharmacokinetic / pharmacodynamics) modeling for biologic drugs • Combines theoretical with practical aspects of ADME in biologic drug discovery and development and compares innovator biologics with biosimilar biologics and small molecules with biologics, giving a lessons-learned perspective • Includes case studies about leveraging ADME to improve biologics drug development for monoclonal antibodies, fusion proteins, pegylated proteins, ADCs, bispecifics, and vaccines • Presents regulatory expectations and industry perspectives for developing biologic drugs in USA, EU, and Japan • Provides mechanistic insight into biodistribution and target-driven pharmacokinetics in important sites of action such as tumors and the brain