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Nuclear Superfluidity

Nuclear Superfluidity Author David M. Brink
ISBN-10 0521395402
Release 2005-06-08
Pages 378
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An advanced text devoted exclusively to pair correlations in nuclei.



Fifty Years of Nuclear BCS

Fifty Years of Nuclear BCS Author Ricardo A Broglia
ISBN-10 9789814412506
Release 2013-01-18
Pages 692
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This unique volume reviews more than fifty years of theoretical and experimental developments of the concept that properties of atomic nuclei up to a great extent are defined by the pair correlations of nuclear constituents — protons and neutrons. Such correlations in condensed matter are responsible for quantum phenomena on a macroscopic level — superfluidity and superconductivity. After introducing Bardeen–Cooper–Schrieffer (BCS) theory of superconductivity of metals, it became clear that atomic nuclei have properties of superfluid drops, and practically all features of nuclei strongly depend on the pair correlations. Presenting a comprehensive overview of the progress of nuclear science, the contributions from leading physicists around the world, cover the whole spectrum of studies in nuclear physics and physics of other small systems. With the most updated information written in an accessible way, the volume will serve as an irreplaceable source of references covering many years of development and insight into several new problems at the frontiers of science. It will be useful not only for physicists working in nuclear and condensed matter physics, astrophysicists, chemists and historians of science, but will also help students understand the current status and perspectives for the future. Contents:BCS Pairing (and Beyond) in Nuclear Structure and DynamicsThe Nuclear Pairing Interaction in Finite Nuclei and in Neutron StarsSingle- and Multiple-Pair Tunneling in Nuclear Reactions (Experiment and Theory)Pairing in Nuclei in An External Time-Reversal Violating Field: Rapidly Rotating NucleiThe Nuclear BCS (Pairing) Paradigm in Other Many-Body Systems Readership: Nuclear and theoretical physicists, chemists and astrophysicists. Keywords:Nuclear Structure;Transfer Reactions;Nuclear Superfluidity;Nuclear Matter;Neutron Star Crust;Pairing In Fermi SystemsKey Features:Currently there are no competing titles on the market, the books of this breadth and depth were not published beforeThe contributors are experts from leading institutions of the world



Fifty Years of Nuclear BCS

Fifty Years of Nuclear BCS Author R. A. Broglia
ISBN-10 9789814412490
Release 2013
Pages 692
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This unique volume reviews more than fifty years of theoretical and experimental developments of the concept that properties of atomic nuclei up to a great extent are defined by the pair correlations of nuclear constituents - protons and neutrons. Such correlations in condensed matter are responsible for quantum phenomena on a macroscopic level - superfluidity and superconductivity. After introducing Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) theory of superconductivity of metals, it became clear that atomic nuclei have properties of superfluid drops, and practically all features of nuclei strongly depend on the pair correlations. Presenting a comprehensive overview of the progress of nuclear science, the contributions from leading physicists around the world, cover the whole spectrum of studies in nuclear physics and physics of other small systems. With the most updated information written in an accessible way, the volume will serve as an irreplaceable source of references covering many years of development and insight into several new problems at the frontiers of science. It will be useful not only for physicists working in nuclear and condensed matter physics, astrophysicists, chemists and historians of science, but will also help students understand the current status and perspectives for the future.



Heavy Quark Physics

Heavy Quark Physics Author Aneesh V. Manohar
ISBN-10 0521037573
Release 2007-07-02
Pages 204
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Understanding the physics of heavy quarks gives physicists the unique opportunity to test the predictions of Quantum Chromodynamics and the Standard Model. First published in 2000, this introductory text on this exciting area of high-energy physics begins with a review of the standard model, followed by the basics of heavy quark spin-flavor symmetry and how it can be applied to the classification of states, decays and fragmentation. Heavy quark effective theory is then developed and applied to the study of hadron masses, form factors, and inclusive decay rates. The authors also discuss the application of chiral perturbation theory to heavy hadrons. Written by two world leading experts, the presentation is clear and original, with problems provided at the end of each chapter. This lucid volume provides graduate students with an ideal introduction to the physics of heavy quarks, and more experienced researchers with an authoritative reference to the subject.



The Quantum World of Nuclear Physics

The Quantum World of Nuclear Physics Author Yuri A. Berezhnoy
ISBN-10 9789812563873
Release 2005
Pages 191
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This book presents a comprehensive explanation of the main ideas and principles of atomic and nuclear physics and quantum mechanics. The author invites readers to plunge into the physics of micro-objects and to take a fascinating tour of the world of atoms and nuclei. The main questions under consideration are the structure of atoms, atomic nuclei, the substance and systematics of elementary particles, the processes of the creation of atomic nuclei and the evolution of stars as well as different applied aspects of the physics of micro-objects.



Quantum Systems in Physics Chemistry and Biology

Quantum Systems in Physics  Chemistry  and Biology Author Alia Tadjer
ISBN-10 9783319502557
Release 2017-06-23
Pages 458
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This book reviews the most significant developments in quantum methodology applied to a broad variety of problems in chemistry, physics, and biology. In particular, it discusses atomic and molecular structure, dynamics and spectroscopy as well as applications of quantum theory to biological and condensed matter systems. The volume contains twenty-four selected, peer-reviewed contributions based on the presentations given at the Twentieth International Workshop on Quantum Systems in Chemistry, Physics, and Biology (QSCP-XX), held in Varna, Bulgaria, in September 2015. It is divided into five sections containing the most relevant papers written by leading experts in the fields. This book will appeal to advanced graduate students, researchers, and academics involved in theoretical, quantum or statistical and computational chemical physics and physical chemistry.



Superconductivity Superfluids and Condensates

Superconductivity  Superfluids and Condensates Author James F. Annett
ISBN-10 0198507569
Release 2004-03-25
Pages 186
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Superconductivity, provides a basic introduction to one of the most innovative areas in condensed matter physics today. This book includes ample tutorial material, including illustrations, chapter summaries, graded problem sets, and concise examples. This book is part of the Oxford Master Series in Condensed Matter Physics.



A Primer on Quantum Fluids

A Primer on Quantum Fluids Author Carlo F. Barenghi
ISBN-10 9783319424767
Release 2016-09-07
Pages 119
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The aim of this primer is to cover the essential theoretical information, quickly and concisely, in order to enable senior undergraduate and beginning graduate students to tackle projects in topical research areas of quantum fluids, for example, solitons, vortices and collective modes. The selection of the material, both regarding the content and level of presentation, draws on the authors analysis of the success of relevant research projects with newcomers to the field, as well as of the students feedback from many taught and self-study courses on the subject matter. Starting with a brief historical overview, this text covers particle statistics, weakly interacting condensates and their dynamics and finally superfluid helium and quantum turbulence. At the end of each chapter (apart from the first) there will be some exercises. Detailed solutions can be made available to instructors upon request to the authors.



Electron Scattering for Nuclear and Nucleon Structure

Electron Scattering for Nuclear and Nucleon Structure Author John Dirk Walecka
ISBN-10 0521780438
Release 2001-11-15
Pages 363
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This 2001 book covers motivation for theoretical analysis and present experimental capabilities of electron scattering, with pedagogical examples.



The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Physics

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Physics Author Robert Batterman
ISBN-10 9780199908356
Release 2013-01-04
Pages 704
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This Oxford Handbook provides an overview of many of the topics that currently engage philosophers of physics. It surveys new issues and the problems that have become a focus of attention in recent years. It also provides up-to-date discussions of the still very important problems that dominated the field in the past. In the late 20th Century, the philosophy of physics was largely focused on orthodox Quantum Mechanics and Relativity Theory. The measurement problem, the question of the possibility of hidden variables, and the nature of quantum locality dominated the literature on the quantum mechanics, whereas questions about relationalism vs. substantivalism, and issues about underdetermination of theories dominated the literature on spacetime. These issues still receive considerable attention from philosophers, but many have shifted their attentions to other questions related to quantum mechanics and to spacetime theories. Quantum field theory has become a major focus, particularly from the point of view of algebraic foundations. Concurrent with these trends, there has been a focus on understanding gauge invariance and symmetries. The philosophy of physics has evolved even further in recent years with attention being paid to theories that, for the most part, were largely ignored in the past. For example, the relationship between thermodynamics and statistical mechanics---once thought to be a paradigm instance of unproblematic theory reduction---is now a hotly debated topic. The implicit, and sometimes explicit, reductionist methodology of both philosophers and physicists has been severely criticized and attention has now turned to the explanatory and descriptive roles of "non-fundamental,'' phenomenological theories. This shift of attention includes "old'' theories such as classical mechanics, once deemed to be of little philosophical interest. Furthermore, some philosophers have become more interested in "less fundamental'' contemporary physics such as condensed matter theory. Questions abound with implications for the nature of models, idealizations, and explanation in physics. This Handbook showcases all these aspects of this complex and dynamic discipline.



Basic Aspects of the Quantum Theory of Solids

Basic Aspects of the Quantum Theory of Solids Author Daniel I. Khomskii
ISBN-10 9781139491365
Release 2010-09-02
Pages
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Aimed at graduate students and researchers, this book covers the key aspects of the modern quantum theory of solids, including up-to-date ideas such as quantum fluctuations and strong electron correlations. It presents in the main concepts of the modern quantum theory of solids, as well as a general description of the essential theoretical methods required when working with these systems. Diverse topics such as general theory of phase transitions, harmonic and anharmonic lattices, Bose condensation and superfluidity, modern aspects of magnetism including resonating valence bonds, electrons in metals, and strong electron correlations are treated using unifying concepts of order and elementary excitations. The main theoretical tools used to treat these problems are introduced and explained in a simple way, and their applications are demonstrated through concrete examples.



Quantum Gravity

Quantum Gravity Author Carlo Rovelli
ISBN-10 9781139456159
Release 2007-11-29
Pages
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Quantum gravity is perhaps the most important open problem in fundamental physics. It is the problem of merging quantum mechanics and general relativity, the two great conceptual revolutions in the physics of the twentieth century. The loop and spinfoam approach, presented in this 2004 book, is one of the leading research programs in the field. The first part of the book discusses the reformulation of the basis of classical and quantum Hamiltonian physics required by general relativity. The second part covers the basic technical research directions. Appendices include a detailed history of the subject of quantum gravity, hard-to-find mathematical material, and a discussion of some philosophical issues raised by the subject. This fascinating text is ideal for graduate students entering the field, as well as researchers already working in quantum gravity. It will also appeal to philosophers and other scholars interested in the nature of space and time.



Heavy Ion Reactions

Heavy Ion Reactions Author Ricardo A. Broglia
ISBN-10 9780429979668
Release 2018-03-09
Pages 528
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Combining elastic and inelastic processes with transfer reactions, this two-part volume explores how these events affect heavy ion collisions. Special attention is given to processes involving the transfer of two nucleons, which are specific for probing pairing correlations in nuclei. This novel treatment provides, together with the description of surface vibration and rotations, a unified picture of heavy ion reactions in terms of the elementary modes of nuclear excitation. Heavy Ion Reactions is essential reading for beginning graduate students as well as experienced researchers.



From Gravity to Thermal Gauge Theories The AdS CFT Correspondence

From Gravity to Thermal Gauge Theories  The AdS CFT Correspondence Author Eleftherios Papantonopoulos
ISBN-10 9783642048630
Release 2011-03-26
Pages 425
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The AdS/CFT correspondence is a powerful tool in studying strongly coupled phenomena in gauge field theories, using results from a weakly coupled gravity background studied in the realm of string theory. AdS/CFT was first successfully applied to the study of phenomena such as the quark-gluon plasma produced in heavy ions collisions. Soon it was realized that its applicability can be extended, in a more phenomenological approach, to condensed matter systems and to systems described by fluid dynamics. The set of tutorial reviews in this volume is intended as an introduction to and survey of the principle of the AdS/CFT correspondence in its field/string theoretic formulation, its applicability to holographic QCD and to heavy ions collisions, and to give a first account of processes in fluid dynamics and condensed matter physics, which can be studied with the use of this principle. Written by leading researchers in the field and cast into the form of a high-level but approachable multi-author textbook, this volume will be of benefit to all postgraduate students, and newcomers from neighboring disciplines wishing to find a comprehensive guide for their future research.



Approaches to Quantum Gravity

Approaches to Quantum Gravity Author Daniele Oriti
ISBN-10 9780521860451
Release 2009-03-05
Pages 583
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Containing contributions from leading researchers in this field, this book provides a complete overview of this field from the frontiers of theoretical physics research for graduate students and researchers. It introduces the most current approaches to this problem, and reviews their main achievements.



Scientific and Technical Books in Print

Scientific and Technical Books in Print Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015035608390
Release 1972
Pages
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Scientific and Technical Books in Print has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Scientific and Technical Books in Print also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Scientific and Technical Books in Print book for free.



Fields Symmetries and Quarks

Fields  Symmetries  and Quarks Author Ulrich Mosel
ISBN-10 9783662038413
Release 2013-03-14
Pages 310
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This revised and extended edition of the book Fields, Symmetries, and Quarks, originally published by McGraw-Hill Book Company, Hamburg, 1989, contains a new chapter on electroweak interactions which has also grown out of lectures that I have given in the meantime. In addition, a number of changes, mainly in the metric used, in the discussion of the theory of strong interactions, QCD, and in the chapter on hadron physics, have been made and errors have been corrected. The motivation for this book, however, is still the same as it was 10 years ago: This is a book on quantum field theory and our present understanding of leptons and hadrons for advanced students and the non-specialists and, in particular, the experimentalists working on problems of nuclear and hadron physics. I am grateful to Dr. S. Leupold for a very careful reading of the revised manuscript, many corrections, and helpful suggestions and to C. Traxler for producing the figures and for constructive discussions.