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Numerical Partial Differential Equations for Environmental Scientists and Engineers

Numerical Partial Differential Equations for Environmental Scientists and Engineers Author Daniel R. Lynch
ISBN-10 9780387236209
Release 2006-06-02
Pages 388
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For readers with some competence in PDE solution properties, this book offers an interdisciplinary approach to problems occurring in natural environmental media: the hydrosphere, atmosphere, cryosphere, lithosphere, biosphere and ionosphere. It presents two major discretization methods: Finite Difference and Finite Element, plus a section on practical approaches to ill-posed problems. The blend of theory, analysis, and implementation practicality supports solving and understanding complicated problems.



Numerical Methods for Solving Partial Differential Equations

Numerical Methods for Solving Partial Differential Equations Author George F. Pinder
ISBN-10 9781119316381
Release 2018-02-05
Pages 320
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A comprehensive guide to numerical methods for simulating physical-chemical systems This book offers a systematic, highly accessible presentation of numerical methods used to simulate the behavior of physical-chemical systems. Unlike most books on the subject, it focuses on methodology rather than specific applications. Written for students and professionals across an array of scientific and engineering disciplines and with varying levels of experience with applied mathematics, it provides comprehensive descriptions of numerical methods without requiring an advanced mathematical background. Based on its author’s more than forty years of experience teaching numerical methods to engineering students, Numerical Methods for Solving Partial Differential Equations presents the fundamentals of all of the commonly used numerical methods for solving differential equations at a level appropriate for advanced undergraduates and first-year graduate students in science and engineering. Throughout, elementary examples show how numerical methods are used to solve generic versions of equations that arise in many scientific and engineering disciplines. In writing it, the author took pains to ensure that no assumptions were made about the background discipline of the reader. Covers the spectrum of numerical methods that are used to simulate the behavior of physical-chemical systems that occur in science and engineering Written by a professor of engineering with more than forty years of experience teaching numerical methods to engineers Requires only elementary knowledge of differential equations and matrix algebra to master the material Designed to teach students to understand, appreciate and apply the basic mathematics and equations on which Mathcad and similar commercial software packages are based Comprehensive yet accessible to readers with limited mathematical knowledge, Numerical Methods for Solving Partial Differential Equations is an excellent text for advanced undergraduates and first-year graduate students in the sciences and engineering. It is also a valuable working reference for professionals in engineering, physics, chemistry, computer science, and applied mathematics.



Advanced Topics in Computational Partial Differential Equations

Advanced Topics in Computational Partial Differential Equations Author Hans Petter Langtangen
ISBN-10 9783642182372
Release 2012-09-22
Pages 663
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A gentle introduction to advanced topics such as parallel computing, multigrid methods, and special methods for systems of PDEs. The goal of all chapters is to ‘compute’ solutions to problems, hence algorithmic and software issues play a central role. All software examples use the Diffpack programming environment - some experience with Diffpack is required. There are also some chapters covering complete applications, i.e., the way from a model, expressed as systems of PDEs, through to discretization methods, algorithms, software design, verification, and computational examples. Suitable for readers with a background in basic finite element and finite difference methods for partial differential equations.



Continuum Theory and Modeling of Thermoelectric Elements

Continuum Theory and Modeling of Thermoelectric Elements Author Christophe Goupil
ISBN-10 9783527687879
Release 2015-12-14
Pages 300
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Sound knowledge of the latest research results in the thermodynamics and design of thermoelectric devices, providing a solid foundation for thermoelectric element and module design in the technical development process and thus serving as an indispensable tool for any application development. The text is aimed mainly at the project developer in the field of thermoelectric technology, both in academia and industry, as well as at graduate and advanced undergraduate students. Some core sections address the specialist in the field of thermoelectric energy conversion, providing detailed discussion of key points with regard to optimization. The international team of authors with experience in thermoelectrics research represents such institutes as EnsiCaen Universit? de Paris, JPL, CalTech, and the German Aerospace Center.



Computational Partial Differential Equations

Computational Partial Differential Equations Author Hans Petter Langtangen
ISBN-10 354043416X
Release 2003-01-22
Pages 862
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This text teaches finite element methods and basic finite difference methods from a computational point of view. It emphasizes developing flexible computer programs using the numerical library Diffpack, which is detailed for problems including model equations in applied mathematics, heat transfer, elasticity, and viscous fluid flow. This edition offers new applications and projects, and all program examples are available on the Internet.



Scientific Computing and Differential Equations

Scientific Computing and Differential Equations Author Gene H. Golub
ISBN-10 9780080516691
Release 2014-06-28
Pages 344
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Scientific Computing and Differential Equations: An Introduction to Numerical Methods, is an excellent complement to Introduction to Numerical Methods by Ortega and Poole. The book emphasizes the importance of solving differential equations on a computer, which comprises a large part of what has come to be called scientific computing. It reviews modern scientific computing, outlines its applications, and places the subject in a larger context. This book is appropriate for upper undergraduate courses in mathematics, electrical engineering, and computer science; it is also well-suited to serve as a textbook for numerical differential equations courses at the graduate level. An introductory chapter gives an overview of scientific computing, indicating its important role in solving differential equations, and placing the subject in the larger environment Contains an introduction to numerical methods for both ordinary and partial differential equations Concentrates on ordinary differential equations, especially boundary-value problems Contains most of the main topics for a first course in numerical methods, and can serve as a text for this course Uses material for junior/senior level undergraduate courses in math and computer science plus material for numerical differential equations courses for engineering/science students at the graduate level



Mathematical and Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations

Mathematical and Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations Author Joël Chaskalovic
ISBN-10 9783319035635
Release 2014-05-16
Pages 358
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This self-tutorial offers a concise yet thorough introduction into the mathematical analysis of approximation methods for partial differential equation. A particular emphasis is put on finite element methods. The unique approach first summarizes and outlines the finite-element mathematics in general and then in the second and major part, formulates problem examples that clearly demonstrate the techniques of functional analysis via numerous and diverse exercises. The solutions of the problems are given directly afterwards. Using this approach, the author motivates and encourages the reader to actively acquire the knowledge of finite- element methods instead of passively absorbing the material as in most standard textbooks. This English edition is based on the Finite Element Methods for Engineering Sciences by Joel Chaskalovic.



Numerical Treatment of Partial Differential Equations

Numerical Treatment of Partial Differential Equations Author Christian Grossmann
ISBN-10 9783540715849
Release 2007-08-11
Pages 596
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This book deals with discretization techniques for partial differential equations of elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic type. It provides an introduction to the main principles of discretization and gives a presentation of the ideas and analysis of advanced numerical methods in the area. The book is mainly dedicated to finite element methods, but it also discusses difference methods and finite volume techniques. Coverage offers analytical tools, properties of discretization techniques and hints to algorithmic aspects. It also guides readers to current developments in research.



Sustainable Natural Resource Management

Sustainable Natural Resource Management Author Daniel R. Lynch
ISBN-10 9780521899727
Release 2009-03-02
Pages 230
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Natural resources support all human productivity. The sustainable management of natural resources is among the preeminent problems of the current century. Sustainability and the implied professional responsibility start here. This book uses applied mathematics familiar to undergraduate engineers and scientists to examine natural resource management and its role in framing sustainability. Renewable and nonrenewable resources are covered, along with living and sterile resources. Examples and applications are drawn from petroleum, fisheries, and water resources. Each chapter contains problems illustrating the material. Simple programs in commonly available packages (Excel, MATLAB) support the text. The material is a natural prelude to more advanced study in ecology, conservation, and population dynamics, as well as engineering and science. The mathematical description is kept within what an undergraduate student in the sciences or engineering would normally be expected to master for natural systems. The purpose is to allow students to confront natural resource problems early in their preparation.



Topics in Numerical Partial Differential Equations and Scientific Computing

Topics in Numerical Partial Differential Equations and Scientific Computing Author Susanne C. Brenner
ISBN-10 9781493963997
Release 2016-08-26
Pages 176
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Numerical partial differential equations (PDEs) are an important part of numerical simulation, the third component of the modern methodology for science and engineering, besides the traditional theory and experiment. This volume contains papers that originated with the collaborative research of the teams that participated in the IMA Workshop for Women in Applied Mathematics: Numerical Partial Differential Equations and Scientific Computing in August 2014.



Particles in the Coastal Ocean

Particles in the Coastal Ocean Author Daniel R. Lynch
ISBN-10 9781316062517
Release 2014-12-22
Pages
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The coastal ocean comprises the semi-enclosed seas on the continental shelf, including estuaries and extending to the shelf break. This region is the focus of many serious concerns, including coastal inundation by tides, storm surges or sea level change; fisheries and aquaculture management; water quality; harmful algal blooms; planning of facilities (such as power stations); port development and maintenance; and oil spills. This book addresses modeling and simulation of the transport, evolution and fate of particles (physical and biological) in the coastal ocean. It is the first to summarize the state of the art in this field and direct it toward diverse applications, for example in measuring and monitoring sediment motion, oil spills and larval ecology. This is an invaluable textbook and reference work for advanced students and researchers in oceanography, geophysical fluid dynamics, marine and civil engineering, computational science and environmental science.



Introduction to Mathematical Methods for Environmental Engineers and Scientists

Introduction to Mathematical Methods for Environmental Engineers and Scientists Author Charles Prochaska
ISBN-10 9781119364146
Release 2018-05-31
Pages 498
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The material in this book attempts to address mathematical calculations common to both the environmental science and engineering professionals. The book provides the reader with nearly 100 solved illustrative examples. The interrelationship between both theory and applications is emphasized in nearly all of the 35 chapters. One key feature of this book is that the solutions to the problems are presented in a stand-alone manner. Throughout the book, the illustrative examples are laid out in such a way as to develop the reader’s technical understanding of the subject in question, with more difficult examples located at or near the end of each set. In presenting the text material, the authors have stressed the pragmatic approach in the application of mathematical tools to assist the reader in grasping the role of mathematical skills in environmental problem-solving situations. The book is divided up into five (V) parts: Introduction Analytical Analysis Numerical Analysis Statistical Analysis Optimization



Solving Differential Equations in R

Solving Differential Equations in R Author Karline Soetaert
ISBN-10 9783642280702
Release 2012-06-06
Pages 248
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Mathematics plays an important role in many scientific and engineering disciplines. This book deals with the numerical solution of differential equations, a very important branch of mathematics. Our aim is to give a practical and theoretical account of how to solve a large variety of differential equations, comprising ordinary differential equations, initial value problems and boundary value problems, differential algebraic equations, partial differential equations and delay differential equations. The solution of differential equations using R is the main focus of this book. It is therefore intended for the practitioner, the student and the scientist, who wants to know how to use R for solving differential equations. However, it has been our goal that non-mathematicians should at least understand the basics of the methods, while obtaining entrance into the relevant literature that provides more mathematical background. Therefore, each chapter that deals with R examples is preceded by a chapter where the theory behind the numerical methods being used is introduced. In the sections that deal with the use of R for solving differential equations, we have taken examples from a variety of disciplines, including biology, chemistry, physics, pharmacokinetics. Many examples are well-known test examples, used frequently in the field of numerical analysis.



Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations in Science and Engineering

Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations in Science and Engineering Author Leon Lapidus
ISBN-10 9781118031216
Release 2011-02-14
Pages 677
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From the reviews of Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations in Science and Engineering: "The book by Lapidus and Pinder is a very comprehensive, even exhaustive, survey of the subject . . . [It] is unique in that it covers equally finite difference and finite element methods." Burrelle's "The authors have selected an elementary (but not simplistic) mode of presentation. Many different computational schemes are described in great detail . . . Numerous practical examples and applications are described from beginning to the end, often with calculated results given." Mathematics of Computing "This volume . . . devotes its considerable number of pages to lucid developments of the methods [for solving partial differential equations] . . . the writing is very polished and I found it a pleasure to read!" Mathematics of Computation Of related interest . . . NUMERICAL ANALYSIS FOR APPLIED SCIENCE Myron B. Allen and Eli L. Isaacson. A modern, practical look at numerical analysis, this book guides readers through a broad selection of numerical methods, implementation, and basic theoretical results, with an emphasis on methods used in scientific computation involving differential equations. 1997 (0-471-55266-6) 512 pp. APPLIED MATHEMATICS Second Edition, J. David Logan. Presenting an easily accessible treatment of mathematical methods for scientists and engineers, this acclaimed work covers fluid mechanics and calculus of variations as well as more modern methods-dimensional analysis and scaling, nonlinear wave propagation, bifurcation, and singular perturbation. 1996 (0-471-16513-1) 496 pp.



Building Bridges Connections and Challenges in Modern Approaches to Numerical Partial Differential Equations

Building Bridges  Connections and Challenges in Modern Approaches to Numerical Partial Differential Equations Author Gabriel R. Barrenechea
ISBN-10 9783319416403
Release 2016-10-03
Pages 433
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This volume contains contributed survey papers from the main speakers at the LMS/EPSRC Symposium “Building bridges: connections and challenges in modern approaches to numerical partial differential equations”. This meeting took place in July 8-16, 2014, and its main purpose was to gather specialists in emerging areas of numerical PDEs, and explore the connections between the different approaches. The type of contributions ranges from the theoretical foundations of these new techniques, to the applications of them, to new general frameworks and unified approaches that can cover one, or more than one, of these emerging techniques.



Real time PDE constrained Optimization

Real time PDE constrained Optimization Author Lorenz T. Biegler
ISBN-10 0898718937
Release 2007-01-01
Pages 312
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Many engineering and scientific problems in design, control, and parameter estimation can be formulated as optimization problems that are governed by partial differential equations (PDEs). The complexities of the PDEs--and the requirement for rapid solution--pose significant difficulties. A particularly challenging class of PDE-constrained optimization problems is characterized by the need for real-time solution, i.e., in time scales that are sufficiently rapid to support simulation-based decision making. Real-Time PDE-Constrained Optimization, the first book devoted to real-time optimization for systems governed by PDEs, focuses on new formulations, methods, and algorithms needed to facilitate real-time, PDE-constrained optimization. In addition to presenting state-of-the-art algorithms and formulations, the text illustrates these algorithms with a diverse set of applications that includes problems in the areas of aerodynamics, biology, fluid dynamics, medicine, chemical processes, homeland security, and structural dynamics. Audience: readers who have expertise in simulation and are interested in incorporating optimization into their simulations, who have expertise in numerical optimization and are interested in adapting optimization methods to the class of infinite-dimensional simulation problems, or who have worked in "offline" optimization contexts and are interested in moving to "online" optimization.



Modeling Mesh Generation and Adaptive Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations

Modeling  Mesh Generation  and Adaptive Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations Author Ivo Babuska
ISBN-10 0387945423
Release 1995-07-14
Pages 450
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This IMA Volume in Mathematics and its Applications MODELING, MESH GENERATION, AND ADAPTIVE NUMERICAL METHODS FOR PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS is based on the proceedings of the 1993 IMA Summer Program "Modeling, Mesh Generation, and Adaptive Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations." We thank Ivo Babuska, Joseph E. Flaherty, William D. Hen­ shaw, John E. Hopcroft, Joseph E. Oliger, and Tayfun Tezduyar for orga­ nizing the workshop and editing the proceedings. We also take this oppor­ tunity to thank those agencies whose financial support made the summer program possible: the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Army Re­ search Office (ARO) the Department of Energy (DOE), the Minnesota Su­ percomputer Institute (MSI), and the Army High Performance Computing Research Center (AHPCRC). A vner Friedman Willard Miller, Jr. xiii PREFACE Mesh generation is one of the most time consuming aspects of com­ putational solutions of problems involving partial differential equations. It is, furthermore, no longer acceptable to compute solutions without proper verification that specified accuracy criteria are being satisfied. Mesh gen­ eration must be related to the solution through computable estimates of discretization errors. Thus, an iterative process of alternate mesh and so­ lution generation evolves in an adaptive manner with the end result that the solution is computed to prescribed specifications in an optimal, or at least efficient, manner. While mesh generation and adaptive strategies are becoming available, major computational challenges remain. One, in particular, involves moving boundaries and interfaces, such as free-surface flows and fluid-structure interactions.