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Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease

Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease Author Ann M. Coulston
ISBN-10 9780128029473
Release 2017-04-28
Pages 1072
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Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease, Fourth Edition, is a compilation of current knowledge in clinical nutrition and an overview of the rationale and science base of its application to practice in the prevention and treatment of disease. In its fourth edition, this text continues the tradition of incorporating new discoveries and methods related to this important area of research Generating and analyzing data that summarize dietary intake and its association with disease are valuable tasks in treating disease and developing disease prevention strategies. Well-founded medical nutrition therapies can minimize disease development and related complications. Providing scientifically sound, creative, and effective nutrition interventions is both challenging and rewarding. Two new chapters on metabolomics and translational research, which have come to be used in nutrition research in recent years. The new areas of study are discussed with the perspective that the application of the scientific method is by definition an evolutionary process. A new chapter on Genetics and Diabetes which reviews the latest research on causal genetic variants and biological mechanisms responsible for the disease, and explores potential interactions with environmental factors such as diet and lifestyle. Includes all major "omics" – the exposome, metabolomics, genomics, and the gut microbiome. Expands the microbiota portions to reflect complexity of diet on gut microbial ecology, metabolism and health



Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Abdominal Obesity

Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Abdominal Obesity Author Ronald Ross Watson
ISBN-10 9780124079342
Release 2014-02-26
Pages 560
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Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Abdominal Obesity focuses on the important roles that exercise, dietary changes, and foods play in promoting as well as reducing visceral fat. Nutritionists, dieticians, and healthcare providers seeking to address the abdominal obesity epidemic will use this comprehensive resource as a tool in their long-term goal of preventing chronic diseases, especially heart, vascular, and diabetic diseases. Experts from a broad range of disciplines are involved in dealing with the consequences of excessive abdominal fat: cardiology, diabetes research, studies of lipids, endocrinology and metabolism, nutrition, obesity, and exercise physiology. They have contributed chapters that define a range of dietary approaches to reducing risk and associated chronic diseases. They begin by defining visceral obesity and its major outcomes; they also discuss the importance and the challenges of dietary approaches to reduce abdominal obesity, as compared to clinical approaches, with major costs and risks. Offers detailed, well-documented reviews outlining the various dietary approaches to visceral obesity with their benefits and failures Includes chapters on types of foods, exercise, and supplements in reducing obesity and its chronic clinical companions, especially diabetes and cardiovascular disease Helps nutritionists, dieticians, and healthcare providers approach patients in making decision about nutritional therapies and clinical treatments for abdominal obesity, from an evidence-based perspective



Foods and Dietary Supplements in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease in Older Adults

Foods and Dietary Supplements in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease in Older Adults Author Ronald Ross Watson
ISBN-10 9780124186866
Release 2015-01-27
Pages 398
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Foods and Dietary Supplements in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease in Older Adults focuses on the ways in which food and dietary supplements affect the major health problems of aging adults. Researchers in nutrition, diet, epidemiology, and aging studies, as well as healthcare providers who work with elderly patients will use this comprehensive resource as a tool in their long-term goal of preventing and treating chronic disease within the elderly. This book brings together a broad range of experts working on the different aspects of foods and dietary supplements (vitamins, herbs, plant extracts, etc.) in health promotion and disease prevention. They have contributed chapters which define a range of ways in which foods, nutriceuticals, and dietary supplements prevent disease and promote health in older adults. They begin by reviewing the medicinal role of foods, herbal, and dietary supplements in health promotion in older adults, as well as some of the most commonly used supplements in elder "self-medication." They review the most recent studies of how foods, herbal, and dietary supplements are effective in the prevention and treatment of cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and other obesity associated diseases in older adults. Then they consider alcohol, other drugs, and plant based drugs of abuse which can adversely affect the health of older adults. Lastly, they consider foods and dietary supplements in gene regulation in older adults. Investigates the important nutritional requirements of the aging population in health and in relation to various acute and chronic diseases Explores the nutritional effects of botanical extracts and components that can have important health promotion benefits, and risks, to ensure safe consumption Reviews studies of common diseases within the aging population including cancer, cardiovascular, metabolic, and infectious diseases that can alter the intake of foods, supplements, and/or requirements for various nutrients Investigates the mechanisms of action of components of foods and dietary supplements, in particular gene activation and epigenetics



Pediatric Nutrition in Chronic Diseases and Developmental Disorders

Pediatric Nutrition in Chronic Diseases and Developmental Disorders Author Shirley Walberg Ekvall
ISBN-10 0199771596
Release 2005-03-03
Pages 560
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This much-needed resource comprehensively reviews the current status of research on nutrition in chronic diseases and developmental disorders of children and helps translate this research into clinical practice. It provides a wealth of information on the nutritional implications of diseases' states; how nutrition can affect brain development, learning child behavior and how to impove the health status of pediatric patients through nutritional measures. Assessment, prevention, and treatment are all covered. The chapters focus on biochemical and clinical abnormalities, techniques for evaluating nutrition including behavior, nutritional management, and follow-up procedures. Well-organized and user-friendly, the book will continue to be of great value to pediatricians, nutritionists, gastroenterologists, neurologists, family practitioners, and dietitians as well as students and residents in those fields. The Second Edition has been thoroughly updated and includes new chapters on botanicals, genetics and nutritional aspects of birth defects, vegetarianism, obesity/eating disorders, autism, and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, among other topics. Also available from the author is a Self-Study Guide with multiple choice questions and a few case studies 35 CPE/CME credits are available until 2015. For more information contact Dr. Ekvall at [email protected] or [email protected] or call 513-522-1403.



Nutrition and Heart Disease

Nutrition and Heart Disease Author Ronald Ross Watson
ISBN-10 0203507622
Release 2003-12-17
Pages 360
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Heart disease is the primary cause of death and disability in Western countries. Research indicates that nutrition and diet play key roles in both preventing and causing many types of heart damage and dysfunction. By understanding the complex relationship between diet and disease, new prevention measures can be established and millions of lives can be saved. Featuring the most current knowledge from authoritative sources, Diet and Heart Disease: Causation and Prevention reviews the impact of nutrition and diet in the prevention and treatment of heart disease. The book explains how dietary agents such as fats and alcohol can increase as well as reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, discusses the effects of various nutrients, and presents information on special diets that have been known to affect cardiac health in populations around the world. Providing insight into myriad dietary factors related to cardiovascular disease, the text also addresses the ways that nutrition intervention and treatment directly influence heart health. This comprehensive desk reference will benefit nutrition and cardiovascular researchers, primary care physicians, and dietitians in the race to reduce this deadly disease.



Fish and Fish Oil in Health and Disease Prevention

Fish and Fish Oil in Health and Disease Prevention Author Susan Raatz
ISBN-10 9780128028452
Release 2016-07-21
Pages 380
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Fish and Fish Oil in Health and Disease Prevention provides an authoritative review of the role of fish and fish oil intake in the promotion of human health. This up-to-date volume provides a complete examination of intake patterns as well as research evidence of intake in disease prevention and treatment. Readers will gain knowledge ranging from the current state of fish and fish oil intake, their health promoting effects and influences on individual response, how they influence development and health maintenance through the life cycle, and their role in disease prevention and treatment. This book is an invaluable resource for all researchers working to understand the relationship between fish and human health. It is a valuable reference for nutritionists, dietitians, and health care providers. Imparts a valuable understanding of fish intake patterns around the world and the role of fish and fish oil in human health through the lifecycle Offers an understanding of the role of fish and fish oil in disease risk reduction and treatment Presents the current status of fish intake and recommended intake levels for human health Focuses on research on unique fish and oil sources and potential problems with fish availability



Nutritional Management of Renal Disease

Nutritional Management of Renal Disease Author Joel D. Kopple
ISBN-10 9780123919359
Release 2012-12-31
Pages 816
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This translational text offers in-depth reviews of the metabolic and nutritional disorders that are prevalent in patients with renal disease. Chapter topics address the growing epidemic of obesity and metabolic syndrome. Each chapter integrates basic and clinical approaches, from cell biology and genetics to diagnosis, patient management and treatment. Chapters in sections 4-7 include new illustrative case reports, and all chapters emphasize key concepts with chapter-ending summaries. New features also include the latest National Kidney Foundation Clinical Practice Guidelines on Nutrition in Chronic Renal Failure, the most recent scientific discoveries and the latest techniques for assessing nutritional status in renal disease, and literature reviews on patients who receive continuous veno-venous hemofiltration with or without dialysis. Provides a common language for nephrologists, nutritionists, endocrinologists, and other interested physicians to discuss the underlying research and translation of best practices for the nutritional management and prevention of renal disease Saves clinicians and researchers time in quickly accessing the very latest details on nutritional practice as opposed to searching through thousands of journal articles Correct diagnosis (and therefore correct treatment) of renal, metabolic, and nutritional disorders depends on a strong understanding of the molecular basis for the disease - both nephrologists and nutritionists will benefit Nephrologists and nutritionists will gain insight into which treatments, medications, and diets to use based on the history, progression, and genetic make-up of a patient Case Reports will offer an added resource for fellows, nutritionists, and dieticians who need a refresher course



Nutrition and Lifestyle in Neurological Autoimmune Diseases

Nutrition and Lifestyle in Neurological Autoimmune Diseases Author Ronald Ross Watson
ISBN-10 9780128054444
Release 2016-12-23
Pages 302
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Nutrition and Lifestyle in Neurological Autoimmune Diseases: Multiple Sclerosis discusses important discoveries relating to the types of, and efficacy of, nutritional and lifestyle responses to symptoms and reoccurrence of MS. Each chapter defines a new approach to use in foods, dietary supplements, exercise, behavior, and/or lifestyle in health promotion and symptoms management for MS. This book presents the role of non-pharmaceutical approaches and is essential reading for neurologists, physicians, nurses, nutritionists, dietitians, healthcare professionals, research scientists, biochemists, and general practitioners. Presents a comprehensive overview that details the role of nutrition and exercise in Multiple Sclerosis Written for researchers and clinicians in neurology, neuroscience, and exercise and nutrition Defines a new approach that focuses on foods, dietary supplements, exercise, behavior, and lifestyle in health promotion and symptoms management for MS



Vegetarian and Plant Based Diets in Health and Disease Prevention

Vegetarian and Plant Based Diets in Health and Disease Prevention Author François Mariotti
ISBN-10 9780128039694
Release 2017-05-23
Pages 922
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Vegetarian and Plant-Based Diets in Health and Disease Prevention examines the science of vegetarian and plant-based diets and their nutritional impact on human health. This book assembles the science related to vegetarian and plant-based diets in a comprehensive, balanced, single reference that discusses both the overall benefits of plant-based diets on health and the risk of disease and issues concerning the status in certain nutrients of the individuals, while providing overall consideration to the entire spectrum of vegetarian diets. Broken into five sections, the first provides a general overview of vegetarian / plant-based diets so that readers have a foundational understanding of the topic. Dietary choices and their relation with nutritional transition and sustainability issues are discussed. The second and third sections provide a comprehensive description of the relationship between plant-based diets and health and disease prevention. The fourth section provides a deeper look into how the relationship between plant-based diets and health and disease prevention may differ in populations with different age or physiological status. The fifth and final section of the book details the nutrients and substances whose intakes are related to the proportions of plant or animal products in the diet. Discusses the links between health and certain important characteristics of plant-based diets at the level of food groups Analyzes the relation between plant-based diet and health at the different nutritional levels, i.e. from dietary patterns to specific nutrients and substances Provides a balanced evidence-based approach to analyze the positive and negative aspects of vegetarianism Addresses the different aspects of diets predominantly based on plants, including geographical and cultural variations of vegetarianism



Pharmaceuticals to Nutraceuticals

Pharmaceuticals to Nutraceuticals Author Dilip Ghosh
ISBN-10 9781315354934
Release 2016-10-26
Pages 282
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Recently, there has been a fundamental shift in the global health and wellness industry from disease treatment to preventing chronic diseases. The use of nutraceuticals and functional foods in prevention efforts could lead to a decreased dependency on drugs. The pharmaceutical industry recognizes this shift; however, serious concerns have arisen regarding the claimed efficacy, quality, and safety of products used as medical foods. This book examines the consumer and industry mindshift, including the scientific evidence of these foods as effective adjuncts to pharmacotherapy during all stages of treatment of various diseases, thus indicating that pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals can and should coexist. It details quality, safety, and efficacy of foods, drugs, and nutrients; marketing and product positioning; regulatory perspectives; biomarkers and metabolites; probiotics; food/drug interactions; and future industry trends. In addition, food bioactives represent diet-based molecules that perform physiological roles related to disease prevention and treatment. As such, a considerable overlap exists between food bioactives and drugs—this book presents the case for comparing and contrasting foods versus drugs in several models of health and disease.



Wheat and Rice in Disease Prevention and Health

Wheat and Rice in Disease Prevention and Health Author Ronald Ross Watson
ISBN-10 9780124046047
Release 2014-01-22
Pages 576
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Wheat and Rice in Disease Prevention and Health reviews the wide range of studies focusing on the health benefits and disease prevention associated with the consumption of wheat and rice, the two most widely consumed whole grains. This book provides researchers, clinicians, and students with a comprehensive, definitive, and up-to-date compendium on the diverse basic and translational aspects of whole grain consumption and its protective effects across human health and disease. It serves as both a resource for current researchers as well as a guide to assist those in related disciplines to enter the realm of whole grain and nutrition research. Overall, studies have shown that a decrease in the amount of whole grains in the modern diet is related to a corresponding increase in health problems that are attributed to this all-too-common dietary imbalance. The resulting health issues associated with an over-processed diet, which provides inadequate levels of nutrients from whole grains, may include obesity, diabetes, high blood lipids, chronic inflammatory states, and an excess of oxidative stress. Strength and endurance may also suffer as a result of these nutrient deficiencies, followed by declines in energy and immunity. Saves researchers and clinicians time in quickly accessing the latest details on a broad range of nutritional and epidemiological issues Provides a common language for nutritionists, nutrition researchers, epidemiologists, and dietitians to discuss how the action of wheat and rice protect against disease and modify human health Preclinical, clinical, and population studies help nutritionists, dieticians, and clinicians map out key areas for research and further clinical recommendations



Prevent and Reverse Heart Disease

Prevent and Reverse Heart Disease Author Caldwell B. Esselstyn Jr. M.D.
ISBN-10 1101215836
Release 2007-02-01
Pages 320
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Prevent and Reverse Heart Disease challenges conventional cardiology by posing a compelling, revolutionary idea-that we can, in fact, abolish the heart disease epidemic in this country by changing our diets. Drawing on the groundbreaking results of his twenty-year nutritional study, Dr. Caldwell B. Esselstyn, Jr., a former surgeon, researcher, and clinician at the Cleveland Clinic, convincingly argues that a plant-based, oil-free diet can not only prevent and stop the progression of heart disease, but also reverse its effects. Furthermore, it can eliminate the need for expensive and invasive surgical interventions, such as bypass and stents, no matter how far the disease has progressed. Dr. Esselstyn began his research with a group of patients who joined his study after traditional medical procedures to treat their advanced heart disease had failed. Within months of following a plant-based, oil-free diet, their angina symptoms eased, their cholesterol levels dropped significantly, and they experienced a marked improvement in blood flow to the heart. Twenty years later, the majority of Dr. Esselstyn's patients continue to follow his program and remain heart-attack proof. Prevent and Reverse Heart Disease explains the science behind these dramatic results, and offers readers the same simple, nutrition-based plan that has changed the lives of his patients forever. In addition, Dr. Esselstyn provides more than 150 delicious recipes that he and his wife, Ann Crile Esselstyn, have enjoyed for years and used with their patients. Clearly written and backed by irrefutable scientific evidence, startling photos of angiograms, and inspiring personal stories, Prevent and Reverse Heart Disease will empower readers to take charge of their heart health. It is a powerful call for a paradigm shift in heart-disease therapy.



Cancer as a Metabolic Disease

Cancer as a Metabolic Disease Author Thomas Seyfried
ISBN-10 9781118310304
Release 2012-05-18
Pages 438
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The book addresses controversies related to the origins of cancer and provides solutions to cancer management and prevention. It expands upon Otto Warburg's well-known theory that all cancer is a disease of energy metabolism. However, Warburg did not link his theory to the "hallmarks of cancer" and thus his theory was discredited. This book aims to provide evidence, through case studies, that cancer is primarily a metabolic disease requring metabolic solutions for its management and prevention. Support for this position is derived from critical assessment of current cancer theories. Brain cancer case studies are presented as a proof of principle for metabolic solutions to disease management, but similarities are drawn to other types of cancer, including breast and colon, due to the same cellular mutations that they demonstrate.



Nutritional Modulators of Pain in the Aging Population

Nutritional Modulators of Pain in the Aging Population Author Ronald Ross Watson
ISBN-10 9780128053362
Release 2017-01-25
Pages 314
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Nutritional Modulators of Pain in the Aging Population provides an overview on the role of foods, dietary supplements, obesity, and nutrients in the prevention and amelioration of pain in various diseases in the aging population. Headaches, fibromyalgia, joint pain, arthritis pain, back pain, and stomach pain are discussed. In addition, the potential health risks of using foods to reduce symptoms is evaluated. Each chapter reviews pain causing conditions before reviewing the role of food or exercise. Both researchers and physicians will learn about dietary approaches that may benefit or harm people with various types of pain. Chapters include current research on the actions of nutrients in pain treatment, the effects of lifestyle and exercise on pain management, and discussions of dietary supplements that provide pain relief from chronic conditions like arthritis. Presents a comprehensive overview that details the role of nutrition in pain management for the aging population Written for researchers and clinicians in neurology, pain, and food and nutrition Reviews the pain symptoms and role of food and/or exercise associated with each disease



The Importance of Nutrition as an Integral Part of Disease Management

The Importance of Nutrition as an Integral Part of Disease Management Author R.F. Meier
ISBN-10 9783318054996
Release 2015-10-26
Pages 156
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Although of vital importance, nutrition is still a neglected issue in medical curricula - a fact that this book is aiming to remedy by addressing topics ranging from basic physiology to the implementation of nutritional practices in the hospital as well as in the home setting. Papers discuss the morbidity and mortality caused by malnutrition, the nutritional requirements as well as beneficial effects on the gut of enteral nutrition, the noncaloric benefits of fibers or nutritional support during cancer treatment. Also considered are nutritional therapy for critically ill patients, perioperative nutritional intervention, management of the metabolic syndrome, the biological value of protein, the benefits and hazards of parenteral nutrition in patients with intestinal failure, and the role of nutrition in frailty of aged people.



Geriatric Nutrition

Geriatric Nutrition Author John E. Morley
ISBN-10 1420005499
Release 2007-05-30
Pages 600
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In a vicious cycle, poor nutritional health leads to acute and chronic disease, and disease states are catastrophic to nutritional health. The magnitude of nutritional depletion from any cause depends to a large extent on the nutritional reserves an individual has accumulated over time. In our increasingly older population, nutritional reserves are marginal and the magnitude of the effect on nutritional health is amplified. Strategies to improve nutritional health in older individuals require a unique approach and sensitivity to the individual’s needs. Drawing from a group of outstanding experts in the field, Geriatric Nutrition is a state-of-the-art review of current nutritional thinking. Beginning with an overview of nutrition in older persons, the book addresses nutrition epidemiology, obesity, immunity, as well as molecular theories of aging. A detailed scientific review of nutritional requirements follows with chapters on energy balance, water metabolism, vitamin disorders, and trace elements. Techniques for the clinical assessment of nutrition in older adults include comparisons between US and European Union strategies and standards. The book includes a revealing section on the management of undernutrition in nursing homes and assisted living environments. It offers prescriptions for enteral and parenteral nutrition, as well as protein energy undernutrition. A significant portion of the book covers nutrition recommendations in specific disease states, including psychological issues such as dementia and depression, cancer, diabetes, anemia, and fracture risk. The book also considers multicultural and ethical issues relevant to the sensitive treatment of older individuals. Exploring exciting new ideas in normal, pathological, and optimal nutrition, Geriatric Nutrition ties basic research with clinical practiceto further the understanding of nutrition in older persons.



The Dental Hygienist s Guide to Nutritional Care E Book

The Dental Hygienist s Guide to Nutritional Care   E Book Author Cynthia A. Stegeman
ISBN-10 9780323291644
Release 2014-03-25
Pages 472
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The Dental Hygienist's Guide to Nutritional Care, 4th Edition, is specifically tailored to address relevant nutritional concerns for both practicing hygienists and dental hygiene students alike. Written by an author team with experience in both disciplines, this full-color text offers a balanced and comprehensive view of how nutrition affects dental health. In addition to basic nutritional advice relevant for dental hygienists, coverage also includes current nutritional concerns, such as high-protein diets, bottled water versus tap water, the latest Dietary Guidelines for Americans, and the new (ChooseMyPlate.gov graphic and food guidance system. A new chapter on biochemistry expands coverage of a topic that is addressed on the dental hygiene board exam. No other nutritional guide in dental hygiene offers so much! NEW! Biochemistry chapter provides foundational concepts that support content throughout the book and also address coverage on the National Board Dental Hygiene Examination (NBDHE). NEW! Updated coverage includes new content on fluoride, vitamin D, calcium, the latest Dietary Guidelines for Americans, the new ChooseMyPlate.gov graphic and food guidance system, and the latest research in this dynamic field. NEW! Full-color photographs and illustrations showcase current federal guidelines and exemplify the types of foods that supply various macro- and micronutrients. NEW! Practice quizzes allow you to test your comprehension along with instant feedback and remediation to address strengths and weaknesses. NEW information on relevant cultural issues, such as: Pros and cons of popular high-protein diets Vitamin D deficiency in the United States Vitamin/mineral supplements Information on bottled water, energy drinks, and sports drinks UPDATED content addresses the newly released MyPyramid dietary guidelines! FULL-COLOR design better illustrates concepts, especially the effects vitamin deficiency can have on the oral cavity.