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On Crimes and Punishments

On Crimes and Punishments Author Cesare Beccaria
ISBN-10 0915145979
Release 1986-01-01
Pages 105
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This edition includes a translator's preface, note on the text, and suggestions for further reading.



An Essay on Crimes and Punishments

An Essay on Crimes and Punishments Author Cesare marchese di Beccaria
ISBN-10 NYPL:33433067404305
Release 1819
Pages 239
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An Essay on Crimes and Punishments has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from An Essay on Crimes and Punishments also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full An Essay on Crimes and Punishments book for free.



On Crimes and Punishments and Other Writings

On Crimes and Punishments and Other Writings Author Cesare Beccaria
ISBN-10 9781442691056
Release 2009-05-05
Pages 224
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Published in 1764, On Crimes and Punishments by Cesare Beccaria (1738?1794) courted both success and controversy in Europe and North America. Enlightenment luminaries and enlightened monarchs alike lauded the text and looked to it for ideas that might help guide the various reform projects of the day. The equality of every citizen before the law, the right to a fair trial, the abolition of the death penalty, the elimination of the use of torture in criminal interrogations?these are but a few of the vital arguments articulated by Beccaria. This volume offers a new English translation of On Crimes and Punishment alongside writings by a number of Beccaria?s contemporaries. Of particular interest is Voltaire?s commentary on the text, which is included in its entirety. The supplementary materials testify not only to the power and significance of Beccaria?s ideas, but to the controversial reception of his book. At the same time that philosophes proclaimed that it contained principles of enduring importance to any society grappling with matters of political and criminal justice, allies of the ancien régime roundly denounced it, fearing that the book?s attack on feudal privileges and its call to separate law from religion (and thus crime from sin) would undermine their longstanding privileges and powers. Long appreciated as a foundational text in criminology, Beccaria?s arguments have become central in debates over capital punishment. This new edition presents Beccaria?s On Crimes and Punishments as an important and influential work of Enlightenment political theory.



Crime and Punishment

Crime and Punishment Author Fyodor Dostoyevsky
ISBN-10 1101142316
Release 2006-03-07
Pages 560
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Dostoyevsky’s epic masterpiece, unabridged, with an afterword by Robin Feuer Miller One of the world’s greatest novels, Crime and Punishment is the story of a murder and its consequences—an unparalleled tale of suspense set in the midst of nineteenth-century Russia’s troubled transition to the modern age. In the slums of czarist St. Petersburg lives young Raskolnikov, a sensitive, intellectual student. The poverty he has always known drives him to believe that he is exempt from moral law. But when he puts this belief to the test, he suffers unbearably. Crime and punishment, the novel reminds us, grow from the same seed. “No other novelist,” wrote Irving Howe of Dostoyevsky, “has dramatized so powerfully the values and dangers, the uses and corruptions of systematized thought.” And Friedrich Nietzsche called him “the only psychologist I have anything to learn from.” With an Introduction by Leonard J. Stanton and James D. Hardy Jr. and an Afterword by Robin Feuer Miller From the Paperback edition.



The Natural History of Religion

The Natural History of Religion Author David Hume
ISBN-10 9781531258603
Release 2018-03-22
Pages 90
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David Hume was a prominent Scottish philosopher and historian in the 18th century. Hume’s works are still influential today as they feature his ideology of empiricism, skepticism, and naturalism. This edition of The Natural History of Religion includes a table of contents.



Notes from the Underground

Notes from the Underground Author Fyodor Dostoyevsky
ISBN-10 9783736802575
Release 2018-04-25
Pages 177
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Notes from the Underground is a novella by Fyodor Dostoyevsky. Notes is considered by many to be the first existentialist novel. It presents itself as an excerpt from the rambling memoirs of a bitter, isolated, unnamed narrator (generally referred to by critics as the Underground Man) who is a retired civil servant living in St. Petersburg. The first part of the story is told in monologue form, or the underground man's diary, and attacks emerging Western philosophy, especially Nikolay Chernyshevsky's What Is to Be Done?. The second part of the book is called "Àpropos of the Wet Snow", and describes certain events that, it seems, are destroying and sometimes renewing the underground man, who acts as a first person, unreliable narrator. Dostoyevsky again confronts the concept of free will and constructs a negative argument to validate free will against determinism in the character Kirillov's suicide in his novel The Demons. Notes from Underground marks the starting point of Dostoyevsky's move from psychological and sociological themed novels to novels based on existential and general human experience in crisis. War is described as people's rebellion against the assumption that everything needs to happen for a purpose, because humans do things without purpose, and this is what determines human history. The philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche called Dostoevsky "the only psychologist, incidentally, from whom I had anything to learn."



Crime Types

Crime Types Author Dean A. Dabney
ISBN-10 9781454828457
Release 2012-12-04
Pages 464
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Blending original text with research, Crime Types: A Text Reader provides a conceptually driven examination of the major types of modern crime: homicide and assault; violent sex crimes; robbery, burglary, and property crime; public order crime; and crimes within complex organizations. The author, known for his publications as well as his scholarship, uses engaging original text to introduce and conclude chapters as well as headnotes to highlight major themes, findings, and links to the broader framework. This innovative conceptual framework helps students understand the behavioral, cognitive, cultural, and social facets of different types of crime. Twenty-five selected readings from diverse voices bring the concepts to life and provide in-depth applications of the text's material. Features: full description and dynamic readings on the crime types of most concern to society homicide and assault violent sex crimes robbery, burglary, property crime public order crime crimes within complex organization provocative conceptual framework for understanding of patterns of offending, victimization, crime settings, and societal responses diverse voices and compelling writing add real-life immediacy and authenticity to the study of the dominant social, behavioral, cognitive, and cultural dimensions of crime headnotes to each reading highlight major conceptual themes, findings, and links to the broader framework discussion questions engage readers in broader questions of cause, response, and prevention key terms included for each chapter wide-ranging references to major resources for further reading and research stellar authorship widely published and highly regarded scholar special interests in criminal justice, organizational culture within law enforcement agencies, forms of deviance and criminal behaviors in organizational settings, and qualitative research methods



A Tale of Two Murders

A Tale of Two Murders Author James R. Farr
ISBN-10 9780822387145
Release 2005-09-07
Pages 240
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As scandalous as any modern-day celebrity murder trial, the “Giroux affair” was a maelstrom of intrigue, encompassing daggers, poison, adultery, archenemies, servants, royalty, and legal proceedings that reached the pinnacle of seventeenth-century French society. In 1638 Philippe Giroux, a judge in the highest royal court of Burgundy, allegedly murdered his equally powerful cousin, Pierre Baillet, and Baillet’s valet, Philibert Neugot. The murders were all the more shocking because they were surrounded by accusations (particularly that Giroux had been carrying on a passionate affair with Baillet’s wife), conspiracy theories (including allegations that Giroux tried to poison his mother-in-law), and unexplained deaths (Giroux’s wife and her physician died under suspicious circumstances). The trial lasted from 1639 until 1643 and came to involve many of the most distinguished and influential men in France, among them the prince of Condé, Henri II Bourbon; the prime minister, Cardinal Richelieu; and King Louis XIII. James R. Farr reveals the Giroux affair not only as a riveting murder mystery but also as an illuminating point of entry into the dynamics of power, justice, and law in seventeenth-century France. Drawing on the voluminous trial records, Farr uses Giroux’s experience in the court system to trace the mechanisms of power—both the formal power vested by law in judicial officials and the informal power exerted by the nobility through patron-client relationships. He does not take a position on Giroux’s guilt or innocence. Instead, he allows readers to draw their own conclusions about who did what to whom on that ill-fated evening in 1638.



Live from Death Row

Live from Death Row Author Mumia Abu-Jamal
ISBN-10 9780380727667
Release 1996-06-01
Pages 224
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Once a prominent radio reporter, Mumia Abu-Jamal is now in a Pennsylvania prison awaiting his state-sactioned execution. In 1982 he was convicted and sentenced to death for the murder of Philadelphia police officer Daniel Faulkner after a trial many have criticized as profoundly biased. Live From Death Row is a collection of his prison writings--an impassioned yet unflinching account of the brutalities and humiliations of prison life. It is also a scathing indictment of racism and political bias in the American judicial system that is certain to fuel the controversy surrounding the death penalty and freedom of speech.



Crime in Medieval Europe

Crime in Medieval Europe Author Trevor Dean
ISBN-10 9781317881773
Release 2014-06-17
Pages 206
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What is the difference between a stabbing in a tavern in London and one in a hostelry in the South of France? What happens when a spinster living in Paris finds knight in her bedroom wanting to marry her? Why was there a crime wave following the Black Death? From Aberdeen to Cracow and from Stockholm to Sardinia, Trevor Dean ranges widely throughout medieval Europe in this exiting and innovative history of lawlessness and criminal justice. Drawing on the real-life stories of ordinary men and women who often found themselves at the sharp end of the law, he shows how it was often one rule for the rich and another for the poor in a tangled web of judicial corruption.



On the Social Contract

On the Social Contract Author Jean-Jacques Rousseau
ISBN-10 9781603846523
Release 1988-11-15
Pages 109
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Contents include a note on the translation, introduction by Peter Gay, and a bibliography.



Juvenile Delinquency

Juvenile Delinquency Author Christopher A. Mallett
ISBN-10 9781544337753
Release 2018-07-13
Pages 392
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Juvenile Delinquency: Pathways and Prevention explores the pivotal roles that family, trauma, mental health, and schools have on juvenile delinquency, while exploring opportunities for prevention and intervention. Authors Christopher A. Mallett and Miyuki Fukushima Tedor draw from years of experience working with juvenile offenders to shed light on the nature of delinquency and the diverse pathways to juvenile delinquency, while offering evidence-based techniques for preventing and rehabilitating youthful offenders. Clear explanations of the concepts and thought-provoking case studies move students beyond memorization—encouraging them to think critically about juvenile delinquency and make recommendations for better practices and policies.



Utilitarianism and Other Essays

Utilitarianism and Other Essays Author Jeremy Bentham
ISBN-10 9780141908212
Release 2004-02-05
Pages 352
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One of the most important nineteenth-century schools of thought, Utilitarianism propounds the view that the value or rightness of an action rests in how well it promotes the welfare of those affected by it, aiming for 'the greatest happiness of the greatest number'. Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) was the movement's founder, as much a social reformer as a philosopher. His greatest interpreter, John Stuart Mill (1806-73), set out to humanize Bentham's pragmatic Utilitarianism by balancing the claims of reason and the imagination, individuality and social well-being in essays such as 'Bentham', 'Coleridge' and, above all, Utilitarianism. The works by Bentham and Mill collected in this volume show the creation and development of a system of ethics that has had an enduring influence on moral philosophy and legislative policy.



German Idealism and the Concept of Punishment

German Idealism and the Concept of Punishment Author Jean-Christophe Merle
ISBN-10 9781107559301
Release 2015-12-03
Pages 224
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Examines the views of the German Idealists on punishment, and traces their gradual move in favour of deterrence and resocialisation.



21st Century Criminology A Reference Handbook

21st Century Criminology  A Reference Handbook Author J. Mitchell Miller
ISBN-10 9781506320588
Release 2009-08-05
Pages 960
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Criminology has experienced tremendous growth over the last few decades, evident, in part, by the widespread popularity and increased enrollment in criminology and criminal justice departments at the undergraduate and graduate levels across the U.S. and internationally. Evolutionary paradigmatic shift has accompanied this surge in definitional, disciplinary and pragmatic terms. Though long identified as a leading sociological specialty area, criminology has emerged as a stand-alone discipline in its own right, one that continues to grow and is clearly here to stay. Criminology, today, remains inherently theoretical but is also far more applied in focus and thus more connected to the academic and practitioner concerns of criminal justice and related professional service fields. Contemporary criminology is also increasingly interdisciplinary and thus features a broad variety of ideological orientations to and perspectives on the causes, effects and responses to crime. 21st Century Criminology: A Reference Handbook provides straightforward and definitive overviews of 100 key topics comprising traditional criminology and its modern outgrowths. The individual chapters have been designed to serve as a "first-look" reference source for most criminological inquires. Both connected to the sociological origins of criminology (i.e., theory and research methods) and the justice systems' response to crime and related social problems, as well as coverage of major crime types, this two-volume set offers a comprehensive overview of the current state of criminology. From student term papers and masters theses to researchers commencing literature reviews, 21st Century Criminology is a ready source from which to quickly access authoritative knowledge on a range of key issues and topics central to contemporary criminology. This two-volume set in the SAGE 21st Century Reference Series is intended to provide undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source that will serve their research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but not so much jargon, detail, or density as a journal article or research handbook chapter. 100 entries or "mini-chapters" highlight the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in this field ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. Curricular-driven, chapters provide students with initial footholds on topics of interest in researching term papers, in preparing for GREs, in consulting to determine directions to take in pursuing a senior thesis, graduate degree, career, etc. Comprehensive in coverage, major sections include The Discipline of Criminology, Correlates of Crime, Theories of Crime & Justice, Measurement & Research, Types of Crime, and Crime & the Justice System. The contributor group is comprised of well-known figures and emerging young scholars who provide authoritative overviews coupled with insightful discussion that will quickly familiarize researchers, students, and general readers alike with fundamental and detailed information for each topic. Uniform chapter structure makes it easy for students to locate key information, with most chapters following a format of Introduction, Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, Bibliography & Suggestions for Further Reading, and Cross References. Availability in print and electronic formats provides students with convenient, easy access wherever they may be.



The Buchenwald Report

The Buchenwald Report Author David A. Hackett
ISBN-10 0465002862
Release 2007
Pages 424
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One of the most remarkable and important documents to emerge from the Holocaust and World War II, The Buchenwald Report is a deposition against the monstrous crimes of the Nazis.. In the closing weeks of World War II, advancing Allied armies uncovered the horror of the Nazi concentration camps. The first camp to be liberated in western Germany was Buchenwald, on April 11, 1945. Within days, a special team of German-speaking intelligence officers from the U.S. Army was dispatched to Buchenwald to interview the prisoners there. In the short time available to them before the inmates' final release from the camp, this team was to prepare a report to be used against the Nazis in future war crime trials. Nowhere else was such a systematic effort made to talk with prisoners and record their firsthand knowledge of the daily life, structure, and functioning of a concentration camp. The result was an important and unique document, The Buchenwald Report . Divided into two parts - the Main Report and the Individual Reports - The Buchenwald Report details the camp's history, how it was organized and how it functioned, and describes how the prisoners lived and died. This priceless eyewitness acc



Theoretical Foundations of Law and Economics

Theoretical Foundations of Law and Economics Author Mark D. White
ISBN-10 9780521889551
Release 2009
Pages 282
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A book-length examination of the methodology and philosophy of law and economics.