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On Face Transplantation

On Face Transplantation Author Samuel Taylor-Alexander
ISBN-10 9781137452726
Release 2014-08-11
Pages 74
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Drawing together interview material, medical publications, and first-hand accounts, this book shows that what is being remade in the burgeoning medical field of face transplantation is not only the lives of patients, but also the very ways that state institutions, surgeons, and families make sense of rights, claims for inclusion, and life itself.



Face On

Face On Author Sharrona Pearl
ISBN-10 9780226461366
Release 2017-04-12
Pages 252
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Are our identities attached to our faces? If so, what happens when the face connected to the self is gone forever—or replaced? In Face/On, Sharrona Pearl investigates the stakes for changing the face–and the changing stakes for the face—in both contemporary society and the sciences. The first comprehensive cultural study of face transplant surgery, Face/On reveals our true relationships to faces and facelessness, explains the significance we place on facial manipulation, and decodes how we understand loss, reconstruction, and transplantation of the face. To achieve this, Pearl draws on a vast array of sources: bioethical and medical reports, newspaper and television coverage, performances by pop culture icons, hospital records, personal interviews, films, and military files. She argues that we are on the cusp of a new ethics, in an opportune moment for reframing essentialist ideas about appearance in favor of a more expansive form of interpersonal interaction. Accessibly written and respectfully illustrated, Face/On offers a new perspective on face transplant surgery as a way to consider the self and its representation as constantly present and evolving. Highly interdisciplinary, this study will appeal to anyone wishing to know more about critical interventions into recent medicine, makeover culture, and the beauty industry.



Securing Pension Provision

Securing Pension Provision Author C Blair
ISBN-10 9781137453976
Release 2014-08-08
Pages 152
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By comparing Germany, France, the UK and the USA this study explores how governments have tackled the increased pressure of financing state pensions. Specifically, it looks at the approach of each of these countries to raising the age of entitlement in order to understand the ways in which this policy was introduced in different countries.



American Sea Literature Seascapes Beach Narratives and Underwater Explorations

American Sea Literature  Seascapes  Beach Narratives  and Underwater Explorations Author S. Yamashiro
ISBN-10 9781137463302
Release 2014-07-31
Pages 125
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Implementing a never-before-seen approach to sea literature, American Sea Literature: Seascapes, Beach Narratives, and Underwater Explorations explores the role of American maritime activities and their cultural representations in literature. Differentiating between the 'terrestrial' and 'oceanic' as concepts, Shin Yamashiro divides sea literature into three categories: literature on the sea, by the sea, and beneath the sea. Discussing both canonical works and new books on scuba diving, deep-sea explorations, and surfing, this fascinating study recognizes sea literature's unique influence on American history.



The Logic of Wish and Fear New Perspectives on Genres of Western Fiction

The Logic of Wish and Fear  New Perspectives on Genres of Western Fiction Author Ben La Farge
ISBN-10 9781137465689
Release 2014-07-16
Pages 136
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Moving effortlessly from Greek to Shakespearean tragedies, to nineteenth and twentieth-century British, American and Russian drama, and fiction and contemporary television, this study sheds new light on the art of comedy.



Drugs on the Dark Net

Drugs on the Dark Net Author J. Martin
ISBN-10 9781137399052
Release 2014-08-07
Pages 92
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This study explores the rapidly expanding world of online illicit drug trading. Since the fall of the infamous Silk Road, a new generation of cryptomarkets can be found thriving on the dark net. Martin explores how these websites defy powerful law enforcement agencies and represent the new digital front in the 'war on drugs'.



African American Males and the U S Justice System of Marginalization A National Tragedy

African American Males and the U S  Justice System of Marginalization  A National Tragedy Author Floyd Weatherspoon
ISBN-10 9781137408433
Release 2014-08-06
Pages 122
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African-American Males and the US Justice System of Marginalization provides an overview of the economic and social status of African-American males in America, which continues to deteriorate at an alarming rate. Weatherspoon posits that in every American institutional system, from birth to death, the journey of African-American males to achieve racial justice and equity in this country is ignored, marginalized, and exploited. The American justice system, in particular, has permitted and in some cases sanctioned the marginalization of African-American males as full citizens. Weatherspoon examines the idea that African-American males are disproportionately represented in every aspect of the criminal justice system, and that the marginalization of African-American males in America has a long and treacherous history that continues to negatively impact their economic, political, and social status.



The European Union s Normative Power in Central Asia

The European Union   s Normative Power in Central Asia Author G. Voloshin
ISBN-10 9781137443946
Release 2014-08-19
Pages 96
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The normative power of the European Union has historically been a key element of its foreign policy. This study considers the EU's Central Asia policy, questioning whether the EU's normative power can work in this remote region.



Communicating Politics Online

Communicating Politics Online Author Chapman Rackaway
ISBN-10 9781137437976
Release 2014-09-16
Pages 123
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The world of political communication is morphing almost constantly into new areas and realities. Online-only news, Web 2.0 user-created content, hyperlocal news, and the rise of the Twittersphere have all contributed to an ever-changing media environment. Communicating Politics Online captures the constant change of new online media.



Network Society and Future Scenarios for a Collaborative Economy

Network Society and Future Scenarios for a Collaborative Economy Author V. Kostakis
ISBN-10 9781137406897
Release 2014-08-22
Pages 97
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This book builds on the idea that peer-to-peer infrastructures are gradually becoming the general conditions of work, economy, and society. Using a four-scenario approach, the authors seek to simplify possible outcomes and to explore relevant trajectories of the current techno-economic paradigm within and beyond capitalism.



The Know How of Face Transplantation

The Know How of Face Transplantation Author Maria Siemionow
ISBN-10 0857292536
Release 2011-03-29
Pages 494
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The book is laid out in 6 sections: 1. Preclinical Approaches to Face Transplantation 2. Clinical Aspects in Preparation to Face Transplantation in Humans 3. Approval Process of Face Transplantation in Humans 4. Social and Public Relations in Face Transplantation 5. World Experience with Face Transplantation in Humans 6. Future Directions in Face Transplantation This book spans the entire process of a face transplantation, from detailing the anatomy of the face to considering the social and ethical challenges of the procedure. This rigorous presentation of face transplantation also includes the anesthesia involved, the role of Institutional Review Boards in approving the operation, the financial aspects and media response. Since the authorship is international, the book considers the different perspectives, approaches and responses from across the world.



Opportunities for Organ Donor Intervention Research

Opportunities for Organ Donor Intervention Research Author National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
ISBN-10 9780309464871
Release 2018-01-21
Pages 170
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The organ donation and transplantation system strives to honor the gift of donated organs by fully using those organs to save and improve the quality of the lives of their recipients. However, there are not enough donated organs to meet the demand and some donated organs may not be recovered, some recovered organs may not be transplanted, and some transplanted organs may not function adequately. Organ donor intervention research can test and assess interventions (e.g., medications, devices, and donor management protocols) to maintain or improve organ quality prior to, during, and following transplantation. The intervention is administered either while the organ is still in the deceased donor or after it is recovered from the donor but before it is transplanted into a recipient. Organ donor intervention research presents new challenges to the organ donation and transplantation community because of ethical questions about who should be considered a human subject in a research study, whose permission and oversight are needed, and how to ensure that such research does not threaten the equitable distribution of a scarce and valuable resource. Opportunities for Organ Donor Intervention Research focuses on the ethical, legal, regulatory, policy, and organizational issues relevant to the conduct of research in the United States involving deceased organ donors. This report provides recommendations for how to conduct organ donor intervention research in a manner that maintains high ethical standards, that ensures dignity and respect for deceased organ donors and their families, that provides transparency and information for transplant candidates who might receive a research organ, and that supports and sustains the public’s trust in the process of organ donation and transplantation.



Teaching Ethics in Organ Transplantation and Tissue Donation

Teaching Ethics in Organ Transplantation and Tissue Donation Author Silke Schicktanz
ISBN-10 9783941875401
Release 2010
Pages 81
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Organ transplantation is a thrilling new option for modern surgery giving hope for chronically ill patients, and, at the same time, stirring controversial ethical questions on human identity and the meaning of the human body. Being a global and transnational endeavor, organ transplantation raises universal ethical concerns and, yet, has to be adapted to culturally mediated believes. In this book, 30 case studies collected from all over the world illustrate the range of global and local, ethical, social, and cultural problems associated with this new form of treatment. Together with a list of relevant movies, the collection provides a unique resource for ethics education in medicine, health care, philosophy, and religious studies. The authors have completed the teaching material by a systematic introduction into the field of transplantation ethics.



Legal and Ethical Aspects of Organ Transplantation

Legal and Ethical Aspects of Organ Transplantation Author David Price
ISBN-10 0521651646
Release 2000-11-30
Pages 487
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A comprehensive analysis of existing laws and policies governing organ transplantation practices around the world.



Liminal lives

Liminal lives Author Susan Merrill Squier
ISBN-10 0822333813
Release 2004-10
Pages 350
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Embryo adoptions, stem cells capable of transforming into any cell in the human body, intra- and inter-species organ transplantation--these and other biomedical advances have unsettled ideas of what it means to be human, of when life begins and ends. In the first study to consider the cultural impact of the medical transformation of the entire human life span, Susan Merrill Squier argues that fiction--particularly science fiction--serves as a space where worries about ethically and socially charged scientific procedures are worked through. Indeed, she demonstrates that in many instances fiction has anticipated and paved the way for far-reaching biomedical changes. Squier uses the anthropological concept of liminality--the state of being on the threshold of change, no longer one thing yet not quite another--to explore how, from the early twentieth century forward, fiction and science together have altered not only the concept of the human being but the contours of human life. Drawing on archival materials of twentieth-century biology; little-known works of fiction and science fiction; and twentieth- and twenty-first century U.S. and U.K. government reports by the National Institutes of Health, the Parliamentary Advisory Group on the Ethics of Xenotransplantation, and the President's Council on Bioethics, she examines a number of biomedical changes as each was portrayed by scientists, social scientists, and authors of fiction and poetry. Among the scientific developments she considers are the cultured cell, the hybrid embryo, the engineered intrauterine fetus, the child treated with human growth hormone, the process of organ transplantation, and the elderly person rejuvenated by hormone replacement therapy or other artificial means. Squier shows that in the midst of new phenomena such as these, literature helps us imagine new ways of living. It allows us to reflect on the possibilities and perils of our liminal lives.



The Transplant Imaginary

The Transplant Imaginary Author Lesley A. Sharp
ISBN-10 9780520277960
Release 2013-11-02
Pages 221
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In The Transplant Imaginary, author Lesley Sharp explores the extraordinarily surgically successful realm of organ transplantation, which is plagued worldwide by the scarcity of donated human parts, a quandary that generates ongoing debates over the marketing of organs as patients die waiting for replacements. These widespread anxieties within and beyond medicine over organ scarcity inspire seemingly futuristic trajectories in other fields. Especially prominent, longstanding, and promising domains include xenotransplantation, or efforts to cull fleshy organs from animals for human use, and bioengineering, a field peopled with “tinkerers” intent on designing implantable mechanical devices, where the heart is of special interest. Scarcity, suffering, and sacrifice are pervasive and, seemingly, inescapable themes that frame the transplant imaginary. Xenotransplant experts and bioengineers at work in labs in five Anglophone countries share a marked determination to eliminate scarcity and human suffering, certain that their efforts might one day altogether eliminate any need for parts of human origin. A premise that drives Sharp’s compelling ethnographic project is that high-stakes experimentation inspires moral thinking, informing scientists’ determination to redirect the surgical trajectory of transplantation and, ultimately, alter the integrity of the human form.



Medical Ethics For Dummies

Medical Ethics For Dummies Author Jane Runzheimer, MD
ISBN-10 9780470878569
Release 2010-12-08
Pages 384
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A practical, insightful guide to the moral and ethical standards of healthcare Succeeding in the healthcare field means more than just making a diagnosis and writing a prescription. Healthcare professionals are responsible for convincing patients and their family members of the best course of action and treatments to follow, while knowing how to make the right moral and ethical choices, and so much more. Unlike daunting and expensive texts, Medical Ethics For Dummies offers an accessible and affordable course supplement for anyone studying medical or biomedical ethics. • Follows typical medical and biomedical ethics courses • Covers real ethical dilemmas doctors, nurses and other healthcare workers may face • Includes moral issues surrounding stem cell research, genetic engineering, euthanasia, and more Packed with helpful information, Medical Ethics For Dummies arms aspiring medical professionals with the philosophical and practical foundation for advancing in a field where critical ethical and moral decisions need to be rapidly and convincingly made.