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On Images

On Images Author John V. Kulvicki
ISBN-10 9780191537455
Release 2006-08-03
Pages 272
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Whether it was the demands of life, leisure, or a combination of both that forced our hands, we have developed a myriad of artefacts—-maps, notes, descriptions, diagrams, flow-charts, photographs, paintings, and prints—-that stand for other things. Most agree that images and their close relatives are special because, in some sense, they look like what they are about. This simple claim is the starting point for most philosophical investigations into the nature of depiction. On Images argues that this starting point is fundamentally misguided. Whether a representation is an image depends not on how it is perceived but on how it relates to others within a system. This kind of approach, first championed by Nelson Goodman in his Languages of Art, has not found many supporters, in part because of weaknesses with Goodman's account. On Images shows that a properly crafted structural account of pictures has many advantages over the perceptual accounts that dominate the literature on this topic. In particular, it explains the close relationship between pictures, diagrams, graphs and other kinds of non-linguistic representation. It undermines the claim that pictures are essentially visual by showing that audio recordings, tactile line drawings, and other non-visual representations are pictorial. Also, by avoiding explaining images in terms of how we perceive them, this account sheds new light on why pictures seem so perceptually special in the first place. This discussion of picture perception recasts some old debates on the topic, suggests further lines of philosophical and empirical research, and ultimately leads to a new perspective on pictorial realism.


Images Author John V. Kulvicki
ISBN-10 9781134652631
Release 2013-11-12
Pages 240
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The nature of representation is a central topic in philosophy. This is the first book to connect problems with understanding representational artifacts, like pictures, diagrams, and inscriptions, to the philosophies of science, mind, and art. Can images be a source of knowledge? Are images merely conventional signs, like words? What is the relationship between the observer and the observed? In this clear and stimulating introduction to the problem John V. Kulvicki explores these questions and more. He discusses: the nature of pictorial experience and "seeing in" recognition, resemblance, pretense, and structural theories of depiction images as aids to scientific discovery and understanding mental imagery and the nature of perceptual content photographs as visual prostheses. In so doing he assesses central problems in the philosophy of images, such as how objects we make come to represent other things, and how we distinguish kinds of representation - pictures, diagrams, graphs - from one another. Essential reading for students and professional philosophers alike, the book also contains chapter summaries, annotated further reading, and a glossary.

Computational Science And Its Applications Iccsa 2005

Computational Science And Its Applications   Iccsa 2005 Author Osvaldo Gervasi
ISBN-10 3540258604
Release 2005-04-27
Pages 1234
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The four-volume set LNCS 3480-3483 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Computational Science and Its Applications, ICCSA 2005, held in Singapore in May 2005. The four volumes present a total of 540 papers selected from around 2700 submissions. The papers span the whole range of computational science, comprising advanced applications in virtually all sciences making use of computational techniques as well as foundations, techniques, and methodologies from computer science and mathematics, such as high performance computing and communication, networking, optimization, information systems and technologies, scientific visualization, graphics, image processing, data analysis, simulation and modelling, software systems, algorithms, security, multimedia etc.

Advanced Web and Network Technologies and Applications

Advanced Web and Network Technologies  and Applications Author Heng Tao Shen
ISBN-10 3540311580
Release 2006-01-09
Pages 1058
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This book constitutes the refereed joint proceedings of four international workshops held in conjunction with the 8th Asia-Pacific Web Conference, APWeb 2006, in Harbin, China in January 2006. The 88 revised full papers and 58 revised short papers presented are very specific and contribute to enlarging the spectrum of the more general topics treated in the APWeb 2006 main conference.

Multimedia Database Management Systems

Multimedia Database Management Systems Author B. Thuraisingham
ISBN-10 0792398866
Release 1997-02-28
Pages 151
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Multimedia Database Management Systems brings together in one place important contributions and up-to-date research results in this important area. Multimedia Database Management Systems serves as an excellent reference, providing insight into some of the most important research issues in the field.

Content Expression and Structure

Content  Expression and Structure Author Elisabeth Engberg-Pedersen
ISBN-10 9789027230324
Release 1996-01-01
Pages 510
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This collection of papers offers an alternative to mainstream functional linguistics on two points. Especially in American linguistics, function and structure are often viewed almost as polar opposites; in addition, structure is often understood as being only a matter of linguistic form — or expression — as opposed to content. The book tries to illustrate why function and structure must be understood as mutually dependent in relation to language — and why the most interesting aspect of language structure is the way it structures the content side of language. In this, the book represents a reaffirmation of traditional concerns in structural linguistics, especially with respect to the structural integrity of individual languages — but with a reversal of traditional priority: structure is not autonomous, but must be understood on the basis of function. Without being hostile to typological and universal generalizations, the articles suggest that similarities between languages can only be responsibly discussed on the basis of an understanding that includes a respect for language differences. The book contains discussions of a number of different languages including Nahuatl, Danish Sign Language, French, and Tlapanec, and focuses on the way meaning is organized in the grammar of Danish. A final section sums up theoretical perspectives.

Artificial Intelligence for Maximizing Content Based Image Retrieval

Artificial Intelligence for Maximizing Content Based Image Retrieval Author Ma, Zongmin
ISBN-10 9781605661759
Release 2009-01-31
Pages 450
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Discusses major aspects of content-based image retrieval (CBIR) using current technologies and applications within the artificial intelligence (AI) field.

Concept Image and Symbol

Concept  Image  and Symbol Author Ronald W. Langacker
ISBN-10 9783110857733
Release 1990-01-01
Pages 405
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This classic research monograph develops and illustrates the theory of linguistic structure known as Cognitive Grammar, and applies it to representative phenomena in English and other languages. Cognitive grammar views language as an integral facet of cognition and claims that grammatical structure cannot be understood or revealingly described independently of semantic considerations.

The Politics of Memory

The Politics of Memory Author Joanne Rappaport
ISBN-10 0822319721
Release 1998
Pages 189
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How does a culture in which writing is not a prominent feature create historical tradition? In The Politics of Memory, Joanne Rappaport answers this question by tracing the past three centuries of the intellectual history of the Nasa--a community in the Colombian Andes. Focusing on the Nasa historians of the eighteenth through twentieth centuries, Rappaport highlights the differences between "native" history and Eurocentric history and demonstrates how these histories must be examined in relation to the particular circumstances in which they were produced. Reconsidering the predominantly mythic status of non-Western historical narrative, Rappaport identifies the political realities that influenced the form and content of Andean history, revealing the distinct historical vision of these stories. Because of her examination of the influences of literacy in the creation of history, Rappaport's analysis makes a special contribution to Latin American and Andean studies, solidly grounding subaltern texts in their sociopolitical contexts.

Mental Imagery in the Child

Mental Imagery in the Child Author Jean Piaget
ISBN-10 0415168937
Release 1997
Pages 396
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First published in 1997. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Challenges of Information Technology Management in the 21st Century

Challenges of Information Technology Management in the 21st Century Author Information Resources Management Association. International Conference
ISBN-10 1878289845
Release 2000
Pages 1227
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As the 21st century begins, we are faced with opportunities and challenges of available technology as well as pressured to create strategic and tactical plans for future technology. Worldwide, IT professionals are sharing and trading concepts and ideas for effective IT management, and this co-operation is what leads to solid IT management practices. This volume is a collection of papers that present IT management perspectives from professionals around the world. The papers seek to offer new ideas, refine old ones, and pose interesting scenarios to help the reader develop company-sensitive management strategies.

Mental Imaginery in the Child

Mental Imaginery in the Child Author Jean Piaget
ISBN-10 9781136221958
Release 2013-07-04
Pages 416
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First published in 1997. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Preventing Tobacco Use Among Young People

Preventing Tobacco Use Among Young People Author M. Jocelyn Elders
ISBN-10 0788105698
Release 1994-03-01
Pages 314
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This report focuses on the vulnerable adolescent ages of 10 through 18 when most users start smoking, chewing, or dipping and become addicted to tobacco. It examines the health effects of early smoking and smokeless tobacco use, the reasons that young men and women begin using tobacco, the extent to which they use tobacco, tobacco advertising and promotional activities (history of cigarette advertising to the young); and efforts to prevent tobacco use by young people (public opinion; educational efforts; and public policies). Charts, tables and graphs. Glossary. Index.

Advances in Web Age Information Management

Advances in Web Age Information Management Author Sean Wang
ISBN-10 9783540422983
Release 2001-06-27
Pages 418
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Web-Age Information Management, WAIM 2001, held in Xi'an, China, in July 2001. The 21 revised full papers and 12 short papers presented together with 4 research experience papers were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the proceedings. The papers are organized in topical sections on multimedia databases and high-dimensional indexing, information retrieval and text indexing, data mining, semistructured data management, data warehousing and federated databases, Web information management and e-commerce, spatio-temporal and high-dimensional information management, data mining and constraint management, data integration and filtering, and workflow and adaptive systems.

Human Computer Interaction

Human Computer Interaction Author Qiyang Chen
ISBN-10 1878289918
Release 2001
Pages 255
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As human life increasingly relates to and relies upon interactions with computer systems, researchers, designers, managers and users continuously develop desires to understand the current situations and future development of human computer interactions. Human Computer Interactions: Issues and Challenges focuses on the multidisciplinary subject of HCI which impacts areas such as information technology, computer science, psychology, library science, education, business and management. This book, geared toward researchers, designers, analysts and managers, reflects the most current primary issues regarding human-computer interactive systems, by emphasizing effective design, use and evaluation of such systems.

Conceptual Modeling for New Information Systems Technologies

Conceptual Modeling for New Information Systems Technologies Author Hiroshi Arisawa
ISBN-10 9783540461401
Release 2003-08-06
Pages 502
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The objective of the workshops associated with ER 2001, the 20th International Con- rence on Conceptual Modeling, was to give participants the opportunity to present and discuss emerging hot topics, thus adding new perspectives to conceptual modeling. This, the 20th ER conference, the ?rst of the 21st century, was also the ?rst one in Japan. The conference was held on November 27-30, 2001 at Yokohama National University with 192 participants from 31 countries. ER 2001 encompasses the entire spectrum of c- ceptual modeling, from theoretical aspects to implementations, including fundamentals, applications, and software engineering. In particular, ER 2001 emphasized e-business and reengineering. To meet this objective, we selected the following four topics and planned four international workshops: – International Workshop on Conceptual Modeling of Human/Organizational/Social Aspects of Manufacturing Activities (HUMACS 2001) Manufacturing enterprises have to confront a host of demands. The competitive climate, enhanced by communication and knowledge sharing, will require incr- singly rapid responses to market forces. Customer demands for higher quality, better services, and lower cost will force manufacturers to reach new levels of ?exibility and adaptability. Sophisticated customers will demand products customized to meet their needs. Industries have so far sought to cope with these challenges primarily through advances in traditional capital by installing more powerful hardware and software technology. Attention to the role of humans combined with organizational and social schemes in manufacturing has only been marginal. The workshop HUMACS 2001 aimed to challenge the relevance of this last point.

Image as Insight

Image as Insight Author Margaret R. Miles
ISBN-10 9781597529020
Release 2006-09-01
Pages 232
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Miles's pathbreaking work shows how art and architecture have shaped religious understanding throughout the history of Christianity.