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Optical Angular Momentum

Optical Angular Momentum Author L. Allen
ISBN-10 0750309016
Release 2003-03-31
Pages 300
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Spin angular momentum of photons and the associated polarization of light has been known for many years. However, it is only over the last decade or so that physically realizable laboratory light beams have been used to study the orbital angular momentum of light. In many respects, orbital and spin angular momentum behave in a similar manner, but they differ significantly in others. In particular, orbital angular momentum offers exciting new possibilities with respect to the optical manipulation of matter and to the study of the entanglement of photons. Bringing together 44 landmark papers, Optical Angular Momentum offers the first comprehensive overview of the subject as it has developed. It chronicles the first decade of this important subject and gives a definitive statement of the current status of all aspects of optical angular momentum. In each chapter the editors include a concise introduction, putting the selected papers into context and outlining the key articles associated with this aspect of the subject.

The Angular Momentum of Light

The Angular Momentum of Light Author David L. Andrews
ISBN-10 9781107006348
Release 2013
Pages 425
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The first comprehensive and authoritative coverage of the angular momentum of light, illustrating both its theoretical and applied aspects.

Quantum Imaging

Quantum Imaging Author Mikhail I. Kolobov
ISBN-10 9780387339887
Release 2007-11-03
Pages 316
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This book gives an overview of the latest progress in the domain of quantum imaging. It reflects three and a half years of research carried out by leading specialists in the area within the Quantum Imaging network, a research programme of the European Community. Quantum Imaging is a newly born branch of quantum optics that investigates the ultimate performance limits of optical imaging allowed by the laws of quantum mechanics. Using the methods and techniques from quantum optics, quantum imaging addresses the questions of image formation, processing and detection with sensitivity and resolution exceeding the limits of classical imaging.

Singular Optics

Singular Optics Author Gregory J. Gbur
ISBN-10 9781466580787
Release 2016-11-17
Pages 545
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"This engagingly written text provides a useful pedagogical introduction to an extensive class of geometrical phenomena in the optics of polarization and phase, including simple explanations of much of the underlying mathematics." —Michael Berry, University of Bristol, UK "The author covers a vast number of topics in great detail, with a unifying mathematical treatment. It will be a useful reference for both beginners and experts...." —Enrique Galvez, Charles A. Dana Professor of Physics and Astronomy, Colgate University "a firm and comprehensive grounding both for those looking to acquaint themselves with the field and those of us that need reminding of the things we thought we knew, but hitherto did not understand: an essential point of reference." —Miles Padgett, Kelvin Chair of Natural Philosophy and Vice Principal (Research), University of Glasgow This book focuses on the various forms of wavefield singularities, including optical vortices and polarization singularities, as well as orbital angular momentum and associated applications. It highlights how an understanding of singular optics provides a completely different way to look at light. Whereas traditional optics focuses on the shape and structure of the non-zero portions of the wavefield, singular optics describes a wave’s properties from its null regions. The contents cover the three main areas of the field: the study of generic features of wavefields, determination of unusual properties of vortices and wavefields that contain singularities, and practical applications of vortices and other singularities.

Optical Polarization of Molecules

Optical Polarization of Molecules Author Marcis Auzinsh
ISBN-10 0521673445
Release 2005-06-30
Pages 306
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This book explains the theory and methods by which gas molecules can be polarized by light, a subject of considerable importance for what it tells us about the electronic structure of molecules and properties of chemical reactions. Starting with a brief review of molecular angular momentum, the text goes on to consider resonant absorption, fluorescence, photodissociation and photoionization, as well as collisions and static fields. A variety of macroscopic effects are considered, among them angular distribution and the polarization of emitted light, ground state depopulation, laser-induced dichroism, the effect of collisions and external magnetic and electric field effects. Most examples in the book are for diatomic molecules, but symmetric-top polyatomic molecules are also included. The book concludes with a short appendix of essential formulae, tables for vector calculus, spherical functions, Wigner rotation matrices, Clebsch-Gordan coefficients, and methods for expansion over irreducible tensors.

Computer Design of Diffractive Optics

Computer Design of Diffractive Optics Author V A Soifer
ISBN-10 9780857093745
Release 2012-11-19
Pages 896
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Diffractive optics involves the manipulation of light using diffractive optical elements (DOEs). DOEs are being widely applied in such areas as telecommunications, electronics, laser technologies and biomedical engineering. Computer design of diffractive optics provides an authoritative guide to the principles and applications of computer-designed diffractive optics. The theoretical aspects underpinning diffractive optics are initially explored, including the main equations in diffraction theory and diffractive optical transformations. Application of electromagnetic field theory for calculating diffractive gratings and related methods in micro-optics are discussed, as is analysis of transverse modes of laser radiation and the formation of self-replicating multimode laser beams. Key applications of DOEs reviewed include geometrical optics approximation, scalar approximation and optical manipulation of micro objects, with additional consideration of multi-order DOEs and synthesis of DOEs on polycrystalline diamond films. With its distinguished editor and respected team of expert contributors, Computer design of diffractive optics is a comprehensive reference tool for professionals and academics working in the field of optical engineering and photonics. Explores the theoretical aspects underpinning diffractive optics Discusses key applications of diffractive optical elements A comprehensive reference for professionals and academics in optical engineering and photonics

Structured Light and Its Applications

Structured Light and Its Applications Author David L. Andrews
ISBN-10 0080559662
Release 2011-08-29
Pages 400
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New possibilities have recently emerged for producing optical beams with complex and intricate structures, and for the non-contact optical manipulation of matter. Structured Light and Its Applications fully describes the electromagnetic theory, optical properties, methods and applications associated with this new technology. Detailed discussions are given of unique beam characteristics, such as optical vortices and other wavefront structures, the associated phase properties and photonic aspects, along with applications ranging from cold atom manipulation to optically driven micromachines. Features include: Comprehensive and authoritative treatments of the latest research in this area of nanophotonics, written by the leading researchers Accounts of numerous microfluidics, nanofabrication, quantum informatics and optical manipulation applications Coverage that fully spans the subject area, from fundamental theory and simulations to experimental methods and results Graduate students and established researchers in academia, national laboratories and industry will find this book an invaluable guide to the latest technologies in this rapidly developing field. Comprehensive and definitive source of the latest research in nanotechnology written by the leading people in the field From theory to applications - all is presented in detail Editor is Chair of the SPIE Nanotechnology Technical Group and is leading the way in generation and manipulation of complex beams

The Angular Momentum of Light

The Angular Momentum of Light Author David L. Andrews
ISBN-10 9781107006348
Release 2013
Pages 425
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The first comprehensive and authoritative coverage of the angular momentum of light, illustrating both its theoretical and applied aspects.

International Trends in Optics

International Trends in Optics Author Joseph W. Goodman
ISBN-10 9780323146432
Release 2012-12-02
Pages 546
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International Trends in Optics provides a broad view of work in the field of optics throughout the world. Topics range from quantum optoelectronics for optical processing to optics in telecommunications, along with microoptics, optical memories, and fiber-optic signal processing. Holographic optical elements for use with semiconductor lasers are also considered. Comprised of 34 chapters, this book begins with an introduction to some of the practical applications of integrated optical circuits, optoelectronic integrated circuits, and photonic integrated circuits. Subsequent chapters deal with quantum optoelectronics for optical processing; fiber-optic signal processing; holographic optical elements for use with semiconductor lasers; potential uses of photorefractives; and adaptive interferometry that makes use of photorefractive crystals. Water wave optics and diffraction are also examined, together with the essential journals of optics and the opposition effect in volume and surface scattering. The final chapter is devoted to optical computing, with emphasis on its processing functions and architecture. This monograph will be of interest to students, practitioners, and researchers in physics and electronics.

The Elements of Nonlinear Optics

The Elements of Nonlinear Optics Author Paul N. Butcher
ISBN-10 0521424240
Release 1991-07-26
Pages 344
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There has recently been a rapid growth of activity in nonlinear optics. Effects such as frequency doubling, stimulated Raman scattering, phase conjugation and solitons are of great interest both for their fundamental properties and their many important applications in science and engineering. It is mainly these applications - especially in telecommunications and information processing - that have stimulated the recent surge of activity. This book is a self contained account of the most important principles of nonlinear optics. Assuming only a familiarity with basic mathematics, the fundamentals of nonlinear optics are fully developed from basic concepts. The essential quantum mechanical apparatus is introduced and explained. In later chapters the underlying ideas are illustrated by discussing particular experimental configurations and materials. This book will be an invaluable introduction to the field for beginning graduates in physics or engineering, and will provide an excellent overview and reference work for active researchers in the field.

Blackie s Dictionary of Physics

Blackie   s Dictionary of Physics Author Blackie
ISBN-10 9788121942379
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Dictionary of Physics provides a comprehensive coverage of different fields of Classic Physics And Modern Physics which include classical mechanics, acoustics, optics, thermodynamics, electromagnetism, hydrotatics, hydrodynamics, aerodynamics, atomic, molecular, optical, solar, photonics, radio frequency and microwave, liquid chromatography, fiber optics, optical networking, plasma physics

Twisted Photons

Twisted Photons Author Juan P. Torres
ISBN-10 9783527635375
Release 2011-03-31
Pages 288
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This book deals with applications in several areas of science and technology that make use of light which carries orbital angular momentum. In most practical scenarios, the angular momentum can be decomposed into two independent contributions: the spin angular momentum and the orbital angular momentum. The orbital contribution affords a fundamentally new degree of freedom, with fascinating and wide-spread applications. Unlike spin angular momentum, which is associated with the polarization of light, the orbital angular momentum arises as a consequence of the spatial distribution of the intensity and phase of an optical field, even down to the single photon limit. Researchers have begun to appreciate its implications for our understanding of the ways in which light and matter can interact, and its practical potential in different areas of science and technology.

Vectorial Optical Fields

Vectorial Optical Fields Author Qiwen Zhan
ISBN-10 9789814449908
Release 2013-11-11
Pages 292
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Polarization is a vector nature of light that plays an important role in optical science and engineering. While existing textbook treatments of light assume beams with spatially homogeneous polarization, there is an increasing interest in vectorial optical fields with spatially engineered states of polarization. New effects and phenomena have been predicted and observed for light beams with these unconventional polarization states. This edited review volume aims to provide a comprehensive overview and summarize the latest developments in this important emerging field of optics. This book will cover the fundamentals including mathematical and physical descriptions, experimental generation, manipulation, focusing, propagation, and the applications of the engineered vectorial optical fields in focal field engineering, plasmonic focusing and optical antenna, single molecular imaging, optical tweezers/trapping, as well as optical measurements and instrumentations. Contents:Cylindrical Vector Beams (Qiwen Zhan)Vector Optical Fields and Their Novel Effects (Hui-Tian Wang)Cylindrical Vector Beams for Spectroscopic Imaging of Single Molecules and Nanoparticles (Regina Jäger, Anna M Chizhik, Alexey I Chizhik, Frank Wackenhut and Alfred J Meixner)Comprehensive Focal Field Engineering with Vectorial Optical Fields (Weibin Chen and Qiwen Zhan)Plasmonics with Vectorial Optical Fields (Guanghao Rui and Qiwen Zhan)Optical Measurement Techniques Utilizing Vectorial Optical Fields (Qiwen Zhan)Partially Coherent Vector Beams: From Theory to Experiment (Yangjian Cai, Fei Wang, Chengliang Zhao, Shijun Zhu, Gaofeng Wu and Yiming Dong) Readership: Students, professionals, post-graduate and academic researchers in the areas of physics, optics and electrical engineering. Keywords:Polarization;Optical Engineering;Optical Instrumentation;Lasers;BeamsReviews: “This edited reference is suitable for physics graduate students and researchers who are familiar with electromagnetic fields and concepts. It provides a modern, comprehensive, theoretical and experimental foundation of vectorial optical fields with spatially engineered states of polarization. There is a good balance of theory, applications and mathematics with full derivations.” Optics & Photonics News

Introduction to Quantum Optics

Introduction to Quantum Optics Author Gilbert Grynberg
ISBN-10 9781139490849
Release 2010-09-02
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Covering a number of important subjects in quantum optics, this textbook is an excellent introduction for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students, familiarizing readers with the basic concepts and formalism as well as the most recent advances. The first part of the textbook covers the semi-classical approach where matter is quantized, but light is not. It describes significant phenomena in quantum optics, including the principles of lasers. The second part is devoted to the full quantum description of light and its interaction with matter, covering topics such as spontaneous emission, and classical and non-classical states of light. An overview of photon entanglement and applications to quantum information is also given. In the third part, non-linear optics and laser cooling of atoms are presented, where using both approaches allows for a comprehensive description. Each chapter describes basic concepts in detail, and more specific concepts and phenomena are presented in 'complements'.

Small Scale Optics

Small Scale Optics Author Preecha Yupapin
ISBN-10 9781466592346
Release 2013-08-28
Pages 183
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The behavior of light in small scale optics or nano/micro optical devices has shown promising results, which can be used for basic and applied research, especially in nanoelectronics. Small Scale Optics presents the use of optical nonlinear behaviors for spins, antennae, and whispering gallery modes within micro/nano devices and circuits, which can be used in many applications. This book proposes a new design for a small scale optical device—a microring resonator device. Most chapters are based on the proposed device, which uses a configuration know as a PANDA ring resonator. Analytical and numerical methods demonstrate that many applications can be exploited using this device, in particular when it is coated with metallic material. The book begins with the background and description of the PANDA ring resonator. The authors examine optical bistability in microring resonators and test the analytical results with those predicted by the OptiFDTD software package. They then describe their new design for a microring resonator device, which can be used to generate four forms of light on a chip, while also allowing the storing and harvesting of trapped atoms/molecules. The four behaviors of light, for instance, fast, slow, stopping, and storing, can be manipulated and seen simultaneously by using the PANDA ring planar waveguide, which can be fabricated and tested on-chip. Chapters examine optical spin, nano-antennas, optical mesh networks, micro-optical gyroscopes, and spin transport networks. They also address applications for optical devices, including molecular motors for drug discovery, short pulse lasers for treatment of cancer, microsurgery, nano-antenna use in radiotherapy, and neuron cell communications. There are many other possibilities of applications for the PANDA ring resonator, such as quantum coding, optical tweezers, and stopping light, which will play an important role in future optical devices.

Optics Light and Lasers

Optics  Light and Lasers Author Dieter Meschede
ISBN-10 9783527685493
Release 2017-02-24
Pages 552
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This new, updated and enlarged edition of the successful and exceptionally well-structured textbook features new chapters on such hot topics as optical angular momentum, microscopy beyond the resolution limit, metamaterials, femtocombs, and quantum cascade lasers. It provides comprehensive and coherent coverage of fundamental optics, laser physics, and important modern applications, while equally including some traditional aspects for the first time, such as the Collins integral or solid immersion lenses. Written for newcomers to the topic who will benefit from the author's ability to explain difficult theories and effects in a straightforward and readily comprehensible way.

Optical Tweezers

Optical Tweezers Author Philip Jones
ISBN-10 9781107051164
Release 2015-10-31
Pages 568
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A comprehensive guide to the theory, practice and applications of optical tweezers, combining state-of-the-art research with a strong pedagogic approach.