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Organic Photochromic and Thermochromic Compounds

Organic Photochromic and Thermochromic Compounds Author John C. Crano
ISBN-10 9780306469121
Release 2006-04-11
Pages 473
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Organic Photochromic and Thermochromic Compounds has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Organic Photochromic and Thermochromic Compounds also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Organic Photochromic and Thermochromic Compounds book for free.

Fluoropolymers 1

Fluoropolymers 1 Author Gareth G. Hougham
ISBN-10 9780306469183
Release 2006-04-11
Pages 330
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The fluorine atom, by virtue of its electronegativity, size, and bond strength with carbon, can be used to create compounds with remarkable properties. Small molecules containing fluorine have many positive impacts on everyday life of which blood substitutes, pharmaceuticals, and surface modifiers are only a few examples. Fluoropolymers, too, while traditionally associated with extreme hi- performance applications have found their way into our homes, our clothing, and even our language. A recent American president was often likened to the tribology of PTFE. Since the serendipitous discovery of Teflon at the Dupont Jackson Laboratory in 1938, fluoropolymers have grown steadily in technological and marketplace importance. New synthetic fluorine chemistry, new processes, and new apprec- tion of the mechanisms by which fluorine imparts exceptional properties all contribute to accelerating growth in fluoropolymers. There are many stories of harrowing close calls in the fluorine chemistry lab, especially from the early years, and synthetic challenges at times remain daunting. But, fortunately, modern techniques and facilities have enabled significant strides toward taming both the hazards and synthetic uncertainties. In contrast to past environmental problems associated with fluorocarbon refrigerants, the exceptional properties of fluorine in polymers have great environmental value. Some fluoropolymers are enabling green technologies such as hydrogen fuel cells for automobiles and oxygen-selective membranes for cleaner diesel combustion.

Photochromic Materials

Photochromic Materials Author He Tian
ISBN-10 9783527683727
Release 2016-06-16
Pages 440
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Summarizing all the latest trends and recent topics in one handy volume, this book covers everything needed for a solid understanding of photochromic materials. Following a general introduction to organic photochromic materials, the authors move on to discuss not only the underlying theory but also the properties of such materials. After a selection of pplications, they look at the latest achievements in traditional solution-phase applications, including photochromic-based molecular logic operations and memory, optically modulated supramolecular system and sensors, as well as light-tunable chemical reactions. The book then describes the hotspot areas of photo-switchable surfaces and nanomaterials, photochromic-based luminescence/electronic devices and bulk materials together with light-regulated biological and bio-chemical systems. The authors conclude with a focus on current industrial applications and the future outlook for these materials. Written with both senior researchers and entrants to the field in mind.

European Journal of Organic Chemistry

European Journal of Organic Chemistry Author
ISBN-10 CHI:81572705
Release 2007
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European Journal of Organic Chemistry has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from European Journal of Organic Chemistry also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full European Journal of Organic Chemistry book for free.

Subject Guide to Books in Print

Subject Guide to Books in Print Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105025888533
Release 2003
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Subject Guide to Books in Print has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Subject Guide to Books in Print also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Subject Guide to Books in Print book for free.

Organic Photochromic and Thermochromic Compounds

Organic Photochromic and Thermochromic Compounds Author John C. Crano
ISBN-10 1475786158
Release 2013-03-23
Pages 473
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Experiments showinga rapid and reversible change ofcolor s eem likemagic and are always fascinating. The process involved, photochromism, has a few real and many potential applications. Photochromic glasses thatdarken int he s unlight (protecting eyes from excessive light intensity) and bleach ind im lighta re today a part ofe v eryday life. Organic photochromic compounds in plastic ophthalmic lenses, more comfortable to wear, are now competing with silversalts in glasses, despite the longer lifetime oft he inorganic system. This successful commercial application has given a new impetus to research in the general field of photo chromism, which had its most recent revival in the early eighties. The storyo forganic photochromism with its ups anddowns, from the breakthroughs oft he pioneering periodi n the fifties, through the hardtimes dueto the drawbacks of photodegradation, tot he recent successes is in many ways a saga. The upsurges in this domain were marked by an increasing flow of articles in scientific journals andt he publication of several books (in 1971, 1990, and 1992) that have collectedt he important accumulatedknowledge. Over this period, a considerable number ofpatents have been issued. International meetings have accompanied this activity, the most recent being held in 1993 (ISOP 93 atLes Embiez Island, France) and in 1996 (ISOP 96 inClearwater, Florida). Remark ably, these meetings had good representation from both academia and industry. The next ISOP is planned for 1999 in Fukuoka, Japan.

Polymers and Light

Polymers and Light Author Thomas Lippert
ISBN-10 3540404716
Release 2004-03-23
Pages 361
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Polymers and Light has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Polymers and Light also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Polymers and Light book for free.

Emulsification and Polymerization of Alkyd Resins

Emulsification and Polymerization of Alkyd Resins Author Jan W. Gooch
ISBN-10 9780306475542
Release 2006-04-11
Pages 223
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Emulsification of vegetable oil-based resins was a daunting task when the author began his research, but the subsequent technology spawned a generation of stable emulsions for waterborne coatings based on vegetable oil-based alkyd resins, oils and fatty acids. Autoxidative polymerization of emulsified alkyd resins is an innovative and original contribution to emulsion technology, because conventional emulsion-polymerization is not applicable to alkyd resins. Emulsified alkyd particles are polymerized while dispersed in stable aqueous media—an original and patented innovation. Smooth and fa- drying alkyd coatings are generated from non-polymerized emulsions and air-dried with conventional metal driers, and have met with marketing success. The pre-polymerization innovation for emulsified alkyd particles provides very fast air-drying coatings that have potential markets for interior architectural latex coatings and waterborne pressure-sensitive adhesives and inks. The author demonstrates his knowledge of chemical reaction kinetics by employing a combination of oxygen concentration, internal reactor pressure and other reactor variables to finely control the rate and degree of autoxidative polymerization. He meticulously calculates surfactant chemistry by measuring hydrophile-lipophile balance values, and solubility parameters to emulsify characterized resins. The relationship between hydrophi- lipophile values and solubility parameters is shown in explicit equations. Homogenization equipment used during the course of this research to generate emulsions is shown in detailed drawings together with concise particle size and distribution data. The author reports research spawned internationally by his research in the fields of alkyd-acrylic hybrids, polyester and oil-modified urethane resins.

Fluoropolymers 2

Fluoropolymers 2 Author Gareth Hougham
ISBN-10 9780306460616
Release 1999-11-30
Pages 408
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The fluorine atom, by virtue of its electronegativity, size and bond strength with carbon, can be used to create compounds with remarkable properties. This book attempts to bring together in one place, the chemistry, physics and engineering properties of fluoropolymers.

Quantum Systems in Physics Chemistry and Biology

Quantum Systems in Physics  Chemistry  and Biology Author Alia Tadjer
ISBN-10 9783319502557
Release 2017-06-23
Pages 458
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This book reviews the most significant developments in quantum methodology applied to a broad variety of problems in chemistry, physics, and biology. In particular, it discusses atomic and molecular structure, dynamics and spectroscopy as well as applications of quantum theory to biological and condensed matter systems. The volume contains twenty-four selected, peer-reviewed contributions based on the presentations given at the Twentieth International Workshop on Quantum Systems in Chemistry, Physics, and Biology (QSCP-XX), held in Varna, Bulgaria, in September 2015. It is divided into five sections containing the most relevant papers written by leading experts in the fields. This book will appeal to advanced graduate students, researchers, and academics involved in theoretical, quantum or statistical and computational chemical physics and physical chemistry.

Photofunctional Layered Materials

Photofunctional Layered Materials Author Dongpeng Yan
ISBN-10 9783319169910
Release 2015-05-29
Pages 242
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Chemical structure and bonding. The scope of the series spans the entire Periodic Table and addresses structure and bonding issues associated with all of the elements. It also focuses attention on new and developing areas of modern structural and theoretical chemistry such as nanostructures, molecular electronics, designed molecular solids, surfaces, metal clusters and supramolecular structures. Physical and spectroscopic techniques used to determine, examine and model structures fall within the purview of Structure and Bonding to the extent that the focus is on the scientific results obtained and not on specialist information concerning the techniques themselves. Issues associated with the development of bonding models and generalizations that illuminate the reactivity pathways and rates of chemical processes are also relevant. The individual volumes in the series are thematic. The goal of each volume is to give the reader, whether at a university or in industry, a comprehensive overview of an area where new insights are emerging that are of interest to a larger scientific audience. Thus each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years should be presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. A description of the physical basis of the experimental techniques that have been used to provide the primary data may also be appropriate, if it has not been covered in detail elsewhere. The coverage need not be exhaustive in data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the new principles being developed that will allow the reader, who is not a specialist in the area covered, to understand the data presented. Discussion of possible future research directions in the area is welcomed. Review articles for the individual volumes are invited by the volume editors

Forthcoming Books

Forthcoming Books Author R.R. Bowker Company
ISBN-10 00158119
Release 1998
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Forthcoming Books has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Forthcoming Books also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Forthcoming Books book for free.

Materials that Change Color

Materials that Change Color Author Marinella Ferrara
ISBN-10 9783319002903
Release 2013-11-18
Pages 139
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This book presents a design-driven investigation into smart materials developed by chemists, physicists, materials and chemical engineers, and applied by designers to consumer products. Introducing a class of smart materials, that change colors, the book presents their characteristics, advantages, potentialities and difficulties of applications of this to help understanding what they are, how they work, how they are applied. The books also present a number of case studies: products, projects, concepts and experiments using smart materials, thus mapping out new design territories for these innovative materials. These case studies involve different fields of design, including product, interior, fashion and communication design. Within the context of rising sustainable and human-centered design agendas, the series will demonstrate the role and influence of these new materials and technologies on design, and discuss how they can implement and redefine our objects and spaces to encourage more resilient environments.

High Performance Pigments

High Performance Pigments Author Edwin B. Faulkner
ISBN-10 9783527626922
Release 2009-03-09
Pages 538
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High Performance Pigments have become increasingly important in recent years, with a growth rate well in advance of the more classical types of pigments. This book provides up-to-date information on the market for high performance pigments, synthesis, reaction mechanisms, physical and chemical properties, applications, regulatory affairs, toxicology and ecotoxicology. It is the only one on the market covering all high performance pigments in a single volume, offering both producers and users of High Performance Pigments the opportunity to review and update their understanding of latest technologies and market issues, together with assessing key regulatory affairs, in this specialty niche of the chemical industry. The new edition has been revised and provides an up-to-date overview of scientific and technological aspects on high performance pigments. It addresses current issues such as environmental and health aspects, and regulatory affairs. "Anyone seeking up-to-date information about the physical-chemical principles of high performance pigments and their special technical properties will find that this book gives an excellent survey of relevant aspects." Angewandte Chemie International Edition. "This book will effectively help chemists, physicists, engineers and material scientists to stay ahead in this fast-changing field." Osterreichische Chemie "... Wiley-VCH has assembled an international team of high performance experts... This is an enjoyable and stimulating read and beautifully produced. You will find it fascinating - don't miss it." Colour Chemistry

New Frontiers in Photochromism

New Frontiers in Photochromism Author Masahiro Irie
ISBN-10 9784431542919
Release 2013-05-27
Pages 298
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Photochromism is the reversible phototransformation of a chemical species between two forms having different absorption spectra. During the phototransformation not only the absorption spectra but also various physicochemical properties change, such as the refractive index, dielectric constant, oxidation/reduction potential, and geometrical structure. The property changes can be applied to photonic equipment such as erasable memory media, photo-optical switch components, and display devices. This book compiles the accomplishments of the research project titled “New Frontiers in Photochromism” supported by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan. The project focused not only on the above-mentioned classical subjects in photochromism, such as color changes, optical memory, and optical switches, but also on fundamental physicochemical studies and unprecedented application fields that have not yet been explored in photochromism. The latter topics include light-driven mechanical motion, photocontrol of surface wettability, metal deposition on solid materials, photocontrol of chiral properties, ultrafast decoloration dyes, and femtosecond laser experiments, among others.

Luminescence in Electrochemistry

Luminescence in Electrochemistry Author Fabien Miomandre
ISBN-10 9783319491370
Release 2016-12-31
Pages 361
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This book highlights the various topics in which luminescence and electrochemistry are intimately coupled. The topic of this book is clearly at the frontier between several scientific domains involving physics, chemistry and biology. Applications in these various fields naturally also need to be mentioned, especially concerning displays and advanced investigation techniques in analytical chemistry or for biomedical issues.

Macrocyclic Chemistry

Macrocyclic Chemistry Author K. Gloe
ISBN-10 9781402036873
Release 2005-12-05
Pages 450
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Macrocyclic Chemistry: Current Trends and Future Perspectives illustrates essential concepts in this expanding research field covering both basic and applied studies. Written by well-known experts from around the world, the topics of the chapters range from new macrocyclic architectures with different functions and self-assembly processes through to the modeling and dynamics of such systems. The content also reflects on application possibilities in analytical chemistry, separation processes, material preparation and medicine. Thus this book serves as a creative source of research strategies and methodic tools. Providing an excellent overview of the field, this book will be a valuable resource for researchers in industry and academic institutions as well as for teachers of science and graduate students. This book is devoted to the long-standing tradition of the International Symposia on Macrocyclic Chemistry (ISMC) and published to coincide with the 30th meeting, Dresden, Germany.