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Out of the Shadows

Out of the Shadows Author Janice Aurini
ISBN-10 9781781908174
Release 2013-10-14
Pages 250
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This book draws attention to supplementary education, which is growing in many parts of the world, but often goes unrecognized for what it is: a hidden form of privatized education. It provides 'big picture' analyses to comparatively explain the intensity, authority and policy contexts of supplementary education



Out of the Shadows

Out of the Shadows Author Janice Aurini
ISBN-10 1781908168
Release 2013
Pages 263
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Supplementary education consists of private instruction that complements and sometimes 'shadows' formal school content. Providers range from informal and part-time tutors to highly institutionalized, multi-national corporate franchises. This phenomenon is growing worldwide and has many potential impacts on formal education systems. This volume is the first multi-national examination of this topic and includes 'big picture' analyses to comparatively explain the intensity, authority and policy contexts of supplementary education. Quantitative and qualitative case studies of countries with high and low intensity forms of supplementary education are detailed. The chapters aim to deepen comparative and interdisciplinary knowledge on the impact of these educational markets on formal school systems, and inform future research and policy on supplementary education.



Out of the Shadows

Out of the Shadows Author Scott Davies
ISBN-10 OCLC:1010875709
Release 2013
Pages 263
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Out of the Shadows has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Out of the Shadows also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Out of the Shadows book for free.



Shadow Education and Social Inequalities in Japan

Shadow Education and Social Inequalities in Japan Author Steve R. Entrich
ISBN-10 9783319691190
Release 2018-01-08
Pages 309
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This book examines why Japan has one of the highest enrolment rates in cram schools and private tutoring worldwide. It sheds light on the causes of this high dependence on ‘shadow education’ and its implications for social inequalities. The book provides a deep and extensive understanding of the role of this kind of education in Japan. It shows new ways to theoretically and empirically address this issue, and offers a comprehensive perspective on the impact of shadow education on social inequality formation that is based on reliable and convincing empirical analyses. Contrary to earlier studies, the book shows that shadow education does not inevitably result in increasing or persisting inequalities, but also inherits the potential to let students overcome their status-specific disadvantages and contributes to more opportunities in education. Against the background of the continuous expansion and the convergence of shadow education systems across the globe, the findings of this book call for similar works in other national contexts, particularly Western societies without traditional large-scale shadow education markets. The book emphasizes the importance and urgency to deal with the modern excesses of educational expansion and education as an institution, in which the shadow education industry has made itself (seemingly) indispensable.



Nonformal Education and Civil Society in Japan

Nonformal Education and Civil Society in Japan Author Kaori H. Okano
ISBN-10 9781317755128
Release 2015-09-16
Pages 202
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Nonformal Education and Civil Society in Japan critically examines an aspect of education that has received little attention to date: intentional teaching and learning activities that occur outside formal schooling. In the last two decades nonformal education has rapidly increased in extent and significance. This is because individual needs for education have become so diverse and rapidly changing that formal education alone is unable to satisfy them. Increasingly diverse demands on education resulted from a combination of transnational migration, heightened human rights awareness, the aging population, and competition in the globalised labour market. Some in the private sector saw this situation as a business opportunity. Others in the civil society volunteered to assist the vulnerable. The rise in nonformal education has also been facilitated by national policy developments since the 1990s. Drawing on case studies, this book illuminates a diverse range of nonformal education activities; and suggests that the nature of the relationship between nonformal education and mainstream schooling has changed. Not only have the two sectors become more interdependent, but the formal education sector increasingly acknowledges nonformal education’s important and necessary roles. These changes signal a significant departure from the past in the overall functioning of Japanese education. The case studies include: neighbourhood homework clubs for migrant children, community-based literacy classes, after-school care programs, sport clubs, alternative schools for long-term absent students, schools for foreigners, training in intercultural competence at universities and corporations, kôminkan (community halls), and lifelong learning for the seniors. This book will appeal to both scholars of Japanese Studies/Asian Studies, and those of comparative education and sociology/anthropology of education.



Shadow Education

Shadow Education Author Mark Bray
ISBN-10 9789290926597
Release 2012-05-01
Pages 114
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In all parts of Asia, households devote considerable expenditures to private supplementary tutoring. This tutoring may contribute to students' achievement, but it also maintains and exacerbates social inequalities, diverts resources from other uses, and can contribute to inefficiencies in education systems. Such tutoring is widely called shadow education, because it mimics school systems. As the curriculum in the school system changes, so does the shadow. This study documents the scale and nature of shadow education in different parts of the region. Shadow education has been a major phenomenon in East Asia and it has far-reaching economic and social implications.



Education for a Knowledge Society in Arabian Gulf Countries

Education for a Knowledge Society in Arabian Gulf Countries Author Alexander W. Wiseman
ISBN-10 9781783508341
Release 2014-03-10
Pages 328
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This volume investigates the agendas and initiatives for using education to transition Gulf communities from being dependent on natural resources into knowledge societies. This volume presents information, case studies and empirical research about the development of information-based economies across the Arabian Gulf as a whole.



Annual Review of Comparative and International Education 2017

Annual Review of Comparative and International Education 2017 Author Alexander W. Wiseman
ISBN-10 9781787439719
Release 2018-02-03
Pages 336
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This volume surveys the field of comparative and international education (CIE) from several globally-representative perspectives, providing expert analyses on a range of recent trends and important concerns in the CIE community worldwide.



Comparative Science Interdisciplinary Approaches

Comparative Science  Interdisciplinary Approaches Author
ISBN-10 9781783504565
Release 2015-05-07
Pages 296
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Examining various social science phenomena and comparative studies fields allows for a holistic approach to understanding rather than trying to achieve understanding as a conglomeration of isolated phenomena.



Annual Review of Comparative and International Education 2016

Annual Review of Comparative and International Education 2016 Author Alexander W. Wiseman
ISBN-10 9781786355270
Release 2016-12-21
Pages 352
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The Annual Review of Comparative and International Education (ARCIE) is a forum for stakeholders and scholars to examine current trends and identify future directions in comparative and international education.



Transformation in Higher Education

Transformation in Higher Education Author Nico Cloete
ISBN-10 1402040059
Release 2006
Pages 322
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Preface. Acknowledgements. Acronyms. Introduction. Section 1 The Higher Education Transformation Context: Global Reform Trends in Higher Education. The Higher Education Landscape Under Apartheid. Policy Expectations.- Section 2 The South African Higher Education Experience. Part 1 Funding and Students: Introduction. Funding. Students. Conclusion.- Part 2 Staff and Leadership: Introduction. Staff. Leadership. Conclusion.- Part 3 Curriculum and Research: Introduction. Curriculum. Research. Conclusion.- Part 4 The New Terrain: Introduction. Private Higher Education. The Emergent Landscape. Conclusion.- Section 3 The Dynamics of Change: Introduction. New South African Realities. Modes of Governance and the Limits of Policy.- Appendices: Commisioned Papers/Case Studies. Reflections. Reference Group. Profiles of Public Institutions in the SA Higher Education System.- Index.



The Thought Remolding Campaign of the Chinese Communist Party state

The Thought Remolding Campaign of the Chinese Communist Party state Author Hu Ping
ISBN-10 9789089644107
Release 2012
Pages 313
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In its comprehensive analysis of a wide range of primary and secondary sources in both Chinese and Western languages, this authoritative work stands as the definitive study of the theory, implementation and legacy of the Chinese Communist Party's thought-remolding campaign. This decades-long campaign involved the extraction of confessions from millions of Chinese citizens suspected of heterodoxy or disobedience to party dictates, along with their subjection to various forms of "re-education" and indoctrination. Hu Ping's carefully structured overview provides a valuable insider's perspective, and supersedes the previous landmark study on this vastly interesting topic.



Rankings and the Reshaping of Higher Education

Rankings and the Reshaping of Higher Education Author Ellen Hazelkorn
ISBN-10 9781137446671
Release 2015-03-23
Pages 304
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University rankings have gained popularity around the world and are now a significant factor shaping reputation. This second edition updates Ellen Hazelkorn's first comprehensive study of rankings from a global perspective, drawing in new original research and extensive analysis. It is essential reading for policymakers, managers and scholars.



Private Tutoring Across the Mediterranean

Private Tutoring Across the Mediterranean Author Mark Bray
ISBN-10 9789462092372
Release 2013-09-03
Pages 221
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Private tutoring—supplementary, out-of-school instruction offered at a fee to individuals or groups—represents a substantial household expenditure, even in systems that claim to have free public education. It plays out across, alongside, and even within some school systems. Emerging as a ‘shadow education’, private tutoring now operates as a system and industry crossing national, regional, and social-class boundaries. Private tutoring is provided through different modes of delivery including the internet. Policy makers, parents, teachers, trade unions, corporations, community associations, and students are implicated in the private tutoring industry. The debates over private tutoring are therefore part of the larger struggles over the ends of education in just and equitable societies. The authors in this volume address diverse national settings of private tutoring across the Mediterranean, and examine its political, economic, social, and cultural underpinnings. They draw on a range of conceptual frameworks, and deploy a variety of research methods to problematize the multifaceted relationships between tutoring, learning, and equity. The volume captures a multiplicity of voices, and focuses on some of the central challenges facing education in pluralistic societies



Global Governance Conflict and China

Global Governance  Conflict and China Author Matthias Vanhullebusch
ISBN-10 9789004356498
Release 2018-02-05
Pages 470
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Global Governance Conflict and China has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Global Governance Conflict and China also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Global Governance Conflict and China book for free.



Education and Sustainability

Education and Sustainability Author Daniella Tilbury
ISBN-10 9782831706238
Release 2002
Pages 202
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A publication from IUCN s Commission on Education and Communication (CEC), this book tells the stories of people who work with communities to motivate them to create a more sustainable future. The accounts range from engaging communities through theatre to a revival of indigenous stories to pass on good environmental practice. The publication was produced both to share what educators around the world have learnt and to give them a platform to tell their stories."



Regulating Private Tutoring for Public Good

Regulating Private Tutoring for Public Good Author Mark Bray
ISBN-10 9881785294
Release 2014
Pages 93
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Regulating Private Tutoring for Public Good has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Regulating Private Tutoring for Public Good also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Regulating Private Tutoring for Public Good book for free.