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Particles in the Coastal Ocean

Particles in the Coastal Ocean Author Daniel R. Lynch
ISBN-10 9781107061750
Release 2014-12-22
Pages 536
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The coastal ocean comprises the semi-enclosed seas on the continental shelf, including estuaries and extending to the shelf break. This region is the focus of many serious concerns, including coastal inundation by tides, storm surges or sea level change; fisheries and aquaculture management; water quality; harmful algal blooms; planning of facilities (such as power stations); port development and maintenance; and oil spills. This book addresses modeling and simulation of the transport, evolution and fate of particles (physical and biological) in the coastal ocean. It is the first to summarize the state of the art in this field and direct it toward diverse applications, for example in measuring and monitoring sediment motion, oil spills and larval ecology. This is an invaluable textbook and reference work for advanced students and researchers in oceanography, geophysical fluid dynamics, marine and civil engineering, computational science and environmental science.



Cosmogenic Radionuclides

Cosmogenic Radionuclides Author Jürg Beer
ISBN-10 9783642146503
Release 2012-01-19
Pages 428
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Cosmogenic radionuclides are radioactive isotopes which are produced by natural processes and distributed within the Earth system. With a holistic view of the environment the authors show in this book how cosmogenic radionuclides can be used to trace and to reconstruct the history of a large variety of processes. They discuss the way in which cosmogenic radionuclides can assist in the quantification of complex processes in the present-day environment. The book aims to demonstrate to the reader the strength of analytic tools based on cosmogenic radionuclides, their contribution to almost any field of modern science, and how these tools may assist in the solution of many present and future problems that we face here on Earth. The book provides a comprehensive discussion of the basic principles behind the applications of cosmogenic (and other) radionuclides as environmental tracers and dating tools. The second section of the book discusses in some detail the production of radionuclides by cosmic radiation, their transport and distribution in the atmosphere and the hydrosphere, their storage in natural archives, and how they are measured. The third section of the book presents a number of examples selected to illustrate typical tracer and dating applications in a number of different spheres (atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere, biosphere, solar physics and astronomy). At the same time the authors have outlined the limitations of the use of cosmogenic radionuclides. Written on a level understandable by graduate students without specialist skills in physics or mathematics, the book addresses a wide audience, ranging from archaeology, biophysics, and geophysics, to atmospheric physics, hydrology, astrophysics and space science.



Selected Topics of Computational and Experimental Fluid Mechanics

Selected Topics of Computational and Experimental Fluid Mechanics Author Jaime Klapp
ISBN-10 9783319114873
Release 2015-03-05
Pages 548
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This book contains invited lectures and selected contributions presented at the Enzo Levi and XIX Annual Meeting of the Fluid Dynamic Division of the Mexican Physical Society in 2013. It is aimed at fourth year undergraduate and graduate students, and scientists in the fields of physics, engineering and chemistry who are interested in fluid dynamics from an experimental and theoretical point of view. The invited lectures are introductory and avoid the use of complicated mathematics. The fluid dynamics applications include multiphase flow, convection, diffusion, heat transfer, rheology, granular material, viscous flow, porous media flow, geophysics and astrophysics. The material contained in the book includes recent advances in experimental and theoretical fluid dynamics and is suitable for both teaching and research.



Lagrangian Analysis and Prediction of Coastal and Ocean Dynamics

Lagrangian Analysis and Prediction of Coastal and Ocean Dynamics Author Annalisa Griffa
ISBN-10 9781139463089
Release 2007-05-10
Pages
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Written by a group of international experts in their field, this book is a review of Lagrangian observation, analysis and assimilation methods in physical and biological oceanography. This multidisciplinary text presents new results on nonlinear analysis of Lagrangian dynamics, the prediction of particle trajectories, and Lagrangian stochastic models. It includes historical information, up-to-date developments, and speculation on future developments in Lagrangian-based observations, analysis, and modeling of physical and biological systems. Containing contributions from experimentalists, theoreticians, and modellers in the fields of physical oceanography, marine biology, mathematics, and meteorology, this book will be of great interest to researchers and graduate students looking for both practical applications and information on the theory of transport and dispersion in physical systems, biological modelling, and data assimilation.



Hydrodynamics VI Theory and Applications

Hydrodynamics VI  Theory and Applications Author Liang Cheng
ISBN-10 9781482262872
Release 2004-10-15
Pages 692
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The International Conference on Hydrodynamics is an increasingly important event at which academics, researchers and practitioners can exchange new ideas and their research findings. This volume contains papers from the 2004 conference covering a wide range of subjects within hydrodynamics, including traditional engineering, architectural and mechanical issues as well as significant new technologies and methodologies such as bio-fluid mechanics and computational fluid mechanics.



Ocean Colour Theory and Applications in a Decade of CZCS Experience

Ocean Colour  Theory and Applications in a Decade of CZCS Experience Author Vittorio Barale
ISBN-10 9789401117913
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 369
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Optical remote sensing is of invaluable help in understanding the marine environment and its biogeochemical and physical processes. The Coastal Zone Color Scanner (CZCS), which operated on board the Nimbus-7 satellite from late 1978 to early 1986, has been the main source of ocean colour data. Much work has been devoted to CZCS data processing and analysis techniques throughout the 1980s. After a decade of experience, the Productivity of the Global Ocean (PGO) Activity - which was established in the framework of the International Space Year 1992 (ISY '92) by SAFISY, the Space Agency Forum of ISY - sponsored a workshop aimed at providing a reference in ocean colour science and at promoting the full exploitation of the CZCS historical data in the field of biological oceanography. The present volume comprises a series of state-of-the-art contributions on theory, applications and future perspectives of ocean colour. After an introduction on the historical perspective of ocean colour, a number of articles are devoted to the CZCS theoretical background, on radiative transfer and in-water topics, as well as on calibration, atmospheric correction and pigment concentration retrieval algorithms developed for the CZCS. Further, a review is given of major applications of CZCS data around the world, carried out in the past decade. The following part of the book is centered on the application of ocean colour to the assessment of marine biological information, with particular regard to plankton biomass, primary productivity and the coupling of physical/biological models. The links between global oceanic production and climate dynamics are also addressed. Finally, the last section is devoted to future approaches and goals of ocean colour science, and to planned sensors and systems. The book is required reading for those involved in ocean colour and related disciplines, providing an overview of the current status in this field as well as stimulating the debate on new ideas and developments for upcoming ocean colour missions.



Light Scattering Media Optics

Light Scattering Media Optics Author Alex A. Kokhanovsky
ISBN-10 3540211845
Release 2004-08-05
Pages 299
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The theory of the scattering of light by small particles is very important in a wide range of applications in atmospheric physics and atmospheric optics, ocean optics, remote sensing, astronomy and astrophysics and biological optics. This book summarises current knowledge of the optical properties of single small particles and natural light scattering media such as snow, clouds, foam aerosols etc. The book considers both single and multiple light scattering regimes, together with light scattering and radiative transfer in close-packed media. The third edition incorporates new findings in the area of light scattering media optics in an updated version of the text.



Ocean Wave Mechanics

Ocean Wave Mechanics Author V. Sundar
ISBN-10 9781119241638
Release 2017-02-13
Pages 280
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Ocean Wave Mechanics: Applications in Marine Structures



Biennial Report

Biennial Report Author University of California (System). Sea Grant College Program
ISBN-10 UCLA:31158011386454
Release 1981
Pages
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Biennial Report has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Biennial Report also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Biennial Report book for free.



University of California Sea Grant College Program Annual Report

University of California Sea Grant College Program Annual Report Author University of California (System). Sea Grant College Program
ISBN-10 UVA:35007000814537
Release 1978
Pages
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University of California Sea Grant College Program Annual Report has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from University of California Sea Grant College Program Annual Report also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full University of California Sea Grant College Program Annual Report book for free.



Remote Sensing of Inherent Optical Properties

Remote Sensing of Inherent Optical Properties Author ZhongPing Lee
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822033859984
Release 2006
Pages 126
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Remote Sensing of Inherent Optical Properties has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Remote Sensing of Inherent Optical Properties also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Remote Sensing of Inherent Optical Properties book for free.



Quantitative Skill Assessment for Coastal Ocean Models

Quantitative Skill Assessment for Coastal Ocean Models Author Daniel R. Lynch
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822020605291
Release 1995-01-09
Pages 510
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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Coastal and Estuarine Studies, Volume 47. There can be little doubt that estuarine, coastal and shelf circulation modeling will assume increasing importance in the immediate future, as we work through the implications of industrialization for oceanic systems. These issues will place new and serious operational demands on available models, and the rapid increase in computational power we now enjoy makes it possible to respond with detailed simulations in many categories. As a result, we are witnessing an explosive growth in the quantity of model-generated information. Lacking, however, is a concomitant increase in its quality or even in quality control procedures. A single simulation exercise is easily capable of generating gigabytes of output in a matter of hours. Most of the data will necessarily go unexamined by its progenitors. Yet it is highly likely that disks full of simulation output will be used extensively as learning tools for students and researchers, as criteria for engineering design, as a basis for operational decision?]making, and in the formulation of public policy. The purpose of this volume is to assemble and present what is known about the intrinsic quality of simulation output: its "correctness" for various purposes. We have operated on the twin premises that (1) every simulation has some intrinsic value and (2) every simulation has serious drawbacks. Between these two extremes lies a vast gulf of uncertainty and potential error, which must be bridged in a professional way if modeling is to achieve its potential in the coastal ocean. This is the basic challenge put to the authors of this volume. Essentially we seek to describe and consolidate approaches, theories, and practices for extracting information from models, and to understand the limits of their proper use.



Computational Wave Dynamics

Computational Wave Dynamics Author Hitoshi Gotoh
ISBN-10 9789814449724
Release 2013-06-04
Pages 252
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This book provides a comprehensive description of the latest theory-supported numerical technologies, as well as scientific and engineering applications for water surface waves. Its contents are crafted to cater to a step-by-step learning of computational wave dynamics and ocean wave modeling. It provides a comprehensive description from underlying theories of free-surface flows, to practical computational applications for coastal and ocean engineering on the basis of computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The text may be used as a textbook for advanced undergraduate students and graduate students to understand the theoretical background of wave computations, and the recent progress of computational techniques for free-surface and interfacial flows, such as Volume of Fluid (VOF), Constrained Interpolation Profile (CIP), Lagrangian Particle (SPH, MPS), Distinct Element (DEM) and Euler-Lagrange Hybrid Methods. It is also suitable for researchers and engineers who wish to apply CFD techniques to ocean modeling and practical coastal problems involving sediment transport, wave-structure interaction and surf zone flows.



Geophysical Waves and Flows

Geophysical Waves and Flows Author David E. Loper
ISBN-10 9781316946794
Release 2017-10-31
Pages
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Waves and flows are pervasive on and within Earth. This book presents a unified physical and mathematical approach to waves and flows in the atmosphere, oceans, rivers, volcanoes and the mantle, emphasizing the common physical principles and mathematical methods that apply to a variety of phenomena and disciplines. It is organized into seven parts: introductory material; kinematics, dynamics and rheology; waves in non-rotating fluids; waves in rotating fluids; non-rotating flows; rotating flows; and silicate flows. The chapters are supplemented by 47 'fundaments', containing knowledge that is fundamental to the material presented in the main text, organized into seven appendices: mathematics; dimensions and units; kinematics; dynamics; thermodynamics; waves; and flows. This book is an ideal reference for graduate students and researchers seeking an introduction to the mathematics of waves and flows in the Earth system, and will serve as a supplementary textbook for a number of courses in geophysical fluid dynamics.



Civil Engineering Hydraulics Abstracts

Civil Engineering Hydraulics Abstracts Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105013127910
Release 1986
Pages
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Civil Engineering Hydraulics Abstracts has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Civil Engineering Hydraulics Abstracts also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Civil Engineering Hydraulics Abstracts book for free.



Remote Sensing of Coastal Aquatic Environments

Remote Sensing of Coastal Aquatic Environments Author Richard L. Miller
ISBN-10 1402030991
Release 2007-03-22
Pages 347
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This book provides extensive insight on remote sensing of coastal waters from aircraft and space-based platforms. The primary focus of the book is optical remote sensing using passive instruments, to measure and analyze the coastal aquatic environment. The authors have gathered information from a variety of sources, to help non-specialists grasp new techniques and technology, to quickly produce useful data



Coastal Engineering

Coastal Engineering Author Dominic Reeve
ISBN-10 9781498760102
Release 2015-09-01
Pages 518
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Historically, much harm has been done by well-meaning coastal engineering attempts, which seemed like good ideas on paper but which failed to allow for practical issues. For this reason, it is vital that theories and models are well grounded in practice. This second edition brings the models and examples of practice up to date. It has expanded coverage of tsunamis and generating energy from waves to focus both on the great dangers and the great opportunities that the ocean presents to the coastal zone. With an emphasis on practice and detailed modelling, this is a thorough introduction to all aspects of coastal processes, morphology, and design of coastal defences. It describes numerous case studies to illustrate the successful application of mathematical modelling to real-world practice. A must-have book for engineering students looking to specialize in coastal engineering and management.