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Particles in the Coastal Ocean

Particles in the Coastal Ocean Author Daniel R. Lynch
ISBN-10 9781107061750
Release 2014-12-22
Pages 536
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The coastal ocean comprises the semi-enclosed seas on the continental shelf, including estuaries and extending to the shelf break. This region is the focus of many serious concerns, including coastal inundation by tides, storm surges or sea level change; fisheries and aquaculture management; water quality; harmful algal blooms; planning of facilities (such as power stations); port development and maintenance; and oil spills. This book addresses modeling and simulation of the transport, evolution and fate of particles (physical and biological) in the coastal ocean. It is the first to summarize the state of the art in this field and direct it toward diverse applications, for example in measuring and monitoring sediment motion, oil spills and larval ecology. This is an invaluable textbook and reference work for advanced students and researchers in oceanography, geophysical fluid dynamics, marine and civil engineering, computational science and environmental science.



Waves in Oceanic and Coastal Waters

Waves in Oceanic and Coastal Waters Author Leo H. Holthuijsen
ISBN-10 9781139462525
Release 2010-02-04
Pages
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Waves in Oceanic and Coastal Waters describes the observation, analysis and prediction of wind-generated waves in the open ocean, in shelf seas, and in coastal regions with islands, channels, tidal flats and inlets, estuaries, fjords and lagoons. Most of this richly illustrated book is devoted to the physical aspects of waves. After introducing observation techniques for waves, both at sea and from space, the book defines the parameters that characterise waves. Using basic statistical and physical concepts, the author discusses the prediction of waves in oceanic and coastal waters, first in terms of generalised observations, and then in terms of the more theoretical framework of the spectral energy balance. He gives the results of established theories and also the direction in which research is developing. The book ends with a description of SWAN (Simulating Waves Nearshore), the preferred computer model of the engineering community for predicting waves in coastal waters.



Selected Topics of Computational and Experimental Fluid Mechanics

Selected Topics of Computational and Experimental Fluid Mechanics Author Jaime Klapp
ISBN-10 9783319114873
Release 2015-03-05
Pages 548
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This book contains invited lectures and selected contributions presented at the Enzo Levi and XIX Annual Meeting of the Fluid Dynamic Division of the Mexican Physical Society in 2013. It is aimed at fourth year undergraduate and graduate students, and scientists in the fields of physics, engineering and chemistry who are interested in fluid dynamics from an experimental and theoretical point of view. The invited lectures are introductory and avoid the use of complicated mathematics. The fluid dynamics applications include multiphase flow, convection, diffusion, heat transfer, rheology, granular material, viscous flow, porous media flow, geophysics and astrophysics. The material contained in the book includes recent advances in experimental and theoretical fluid dynamics and is suitable for both teaching and research.



Lagrangian Analysis and Prediction of Coastal and Ocean Dynamics

Lagrangian Analysis and Prediction of Coastal and Ocean Dynamics Author Annalisa Griffa
ISBN-10 9781139463089
Release 2007-05-10
Pages
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Written by a group of international experts in their field, this book is a review of Lagrangian observation, analysis and assimilation methods in physical and biological oceanography. This multidisciplinary text presents new results on nonlinear analysis of Lagrangian dynamics, the prediction of particle trajectories, and Lagrangian stochastic models. It includes historical information, up-to-date developments, and speculation on future developments in Lagrangian-based observations, analysis, and modeling of physical and biological systems. Containing contributions from experimentalists, theoreticians, and modellers in the fields of physical oceanography, marine biology, mathematics, and meteorology, this book will be of great interest to researchers and graduate students looking for both practical applications and information on the theory of transport and dispersion in physical systems, biological modelling, and data assimilation.



Computational Wave Dynamics

Computational Wave Dynamics Author Hitoshi Gotoh
ISBN-10 9789814449724
Release 2013-06-04
Pages 252
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This book provides a comprehensive description of the latest theory-supported numerical technologies, as well as scientific and engineering applications for water surface waves. Its contents are crafted to cater to a step-by-step learning of computational wave dynamics and ocean wave modeling. It provides a comprehensive description from underlying theories of free-surface flows, to practical computational applications for coastal and ocean engineering on the basis of computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The text may be used as a textbook for advanced undergraduate students and graduate students to understand the theoretical background of wave computations, and the recent progress of computational techniques for free-surface and interfacial flows, such as Volume of Fluid (VOF), Constrained Interpolation Profile (CIP), Lagrangian Particle (SPH, MPS), Distinct Element (DEM) and Euler-Lagrange Hybrid Methods. It is also suitable for researchers and engineers who wish to apply CFD techniques to ocean modeling and practical coastal problems involving sediment transport, wave-structure interaction and surf zone flows.



Ocean Colour Theory and Applications in a Decade of CZCS Experience

Ocean Colour  Theory and Applications in a Decade of CZCS Experience Author Vittorio Barale
ISBN-10 9789401117913
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 369
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Optical remote sensing is of invaluable help in understanding the marine environment and its biogeochemical and physical processes. The Coastal Zone Color Scanner (CZCS), which operated on board the Nimbus-7 satellite from late 1978 to early 1986, has been the main source of ocean colour data. Much work has been devoted to CZCS data processing and analysis techniques throughout the 1980s. After a decade of experience, the Productivity of the Global Ocean (PGO) Activity - which was established in the framework of the International Space Year 1992 (ISY '92) by SAFISY, the Space Agency Forum of ISY - sponsored a workshop aimed at providing a reference in ocean colour science and at promoting the full exploitation of the CZCS historical data in the field of biological oceanography. The present volume comprises a series of state-of-the-art contributions on theory, applications and future perspectives of ocean colour. After an introduction on the historical perspective of ocean colour, a number of articles are devoted to the CZCS theoretical background, on radiative transfer and in-water topics, as well as on calibration, atmospheric correction and pigment concentration retrieval algorithms developed for the CZCS. Further, a review is given of major applications of CZCS data around the world, carried out in the past decade. The following part of the book is centered on the application of ocean colour to the assessment of marine biological information, with particular regard to plankton biomass, primary productivity and the coupling of physical/biological models. The links between global oceanic production and climate dynamics are also addressed. Finally, the last section is devoted to future approaches and goals of ocean colour science, and to planned sensors and systems. The book is required reading for those involved in ocean colour and related disciplines, providing an overview of the current status in this field as well as stimulating the debate on new ideas and developments for upcoming ocean colour missions.



Coastal Bottom Boundary Layers and Sediment Transport

Coastal Bottom Boundary Layers and Sediment Transport Author Peter Nielsen
ISBN-10 9810204736
Release 1992
Pages 324
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This book is intended as a useful handbook for professionals and researchers in the areas of Physical Oceanography, Marine Geology, Coastal Geomorphology and Coastal Engineering and as a text for graduate students in these fields. With its emphasis on boundary layer flow and basic sediment transport modelling, it is meant to help fill the gap between general hydrodynamic texts and descriptive texts on marine and coastal sedimentary processes. The book commences with a review of coastal bottom boundary layer flows including the boundary layer interaction between waves and steady currents. The concept of eddy viscosity for these flows is discussed in depth because of its relation to sediment diffusivity. The quasi-steady processes of sediment transport over flat beds are discussed. Small scale coastal bedforms and the corresponding hydraulic roughness are described. The motion of suspended sand particles is studied in detail with emphasis on the possible suspension maintaining mechanisms in coastal flows. Sediment pickup functions are provided for unsteady flows. A new combined convection-diffusion model is provided for suspended sediment distributions. Different methods of sediment transport model building are presented together with some classical models.



Principles Methods and Application of Particle Size Analysis

Principles  Methods and Application of Particle Size Analysis Author James P. M. Syvitski
ISBN-10 9780521044615
Release 2007-11-03
Pages 388
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A book exploring particle size analysis of sedimentary deposits.



Coastal Engineering

Coastal Engineering Author Dominic Reeve
ISBN-10 9781498760102
Release 2015-09-01
Pages 518
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Historically, much harm has been done by well-meaning coastal engineering attempts, which seemed like good ideas on paper but which failed to allow for practical issues. For this reason, it is vital that theories and models are well grounded in practice. This second edition brings the models and examples of practice up to date. It has expanded coverage of tsunamis and generating energy from waves to focus both on the great dangers and the great opportunities that the ocean presents to the coastal zone. With an emphasis on practice and detailed modelling, this is a thorough introduction to all aspects of coastal processes, morphology, and design of coastal defences. It describes numerous case studies to illustrate the successful application of mathematical modelling to real-world practice. A must-have book for engineering students looking to specialize in coastal engineering and management.



Sustainable Natural Resource Management

Sustainable Natural Resource Management Author Daniel R. Lynch
ISBN-10 9780521899727
Release 2009-03-02
Pages 230
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Natural resources support all human productivity. The sustainable management of natural resources is among the preeminent problems of the current century. Sustainability and the implied professional responsibility start here. This book uses applied mathematics familiar to undergraduate engineers and scientists to examine natural resource management and its role in framing sustainability. Renewable and nonrenewable resources are covered, along with living and sterile resources. Examples and applications are drawn from petroleum, fisheries, and water resources. Each chapter contains problems illustrating the material. Simple programs in commonly available packages (Excel, MATLAB) support the text. The material is a natural prelude to more advanced study in ecology, conservation, and population dynamics, as well as engineering and science. The mathematical description is kept within what an undergraduate student in the sciences or engineering would normally be expected to master for natural systems. The purpose is to allow students to confront natural resource problems early in their preparation.



An Introduction to Hydraulics of Fine Sediment Transport

An Introduction to Hydraulics of Fine Sediment Transport Author Ashish J Mehta
ISBN-10 9789814449502
Release 2013-09-30
Pages 1060
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This book presents observations on the phenomena of fine sediment transport and their explanations under process-related divisions such as flocculation, erosion, and deposition. The text is a compilation of the author's lecture notes from nearly four decades of teaching and guiding graduate students in civil and coastal engineering. Illustrations of fine sediment transport processes and their complexities given in the book are taken from field and laboratory-based observations by the author and his students, as well as numerous investigators. The wide-ranging composition of particles (of inorganic and organic matter), their universal presence and their complex interactions with hydraulic forces make this branch of science a difficult one to deal with in a single treatise. It is therefore essential to study fine sediment transport as an independent subject rather than cover it in no more than a single chapter as many texts on coarse sediment transport have done. Even though the entire coverage is “introductory”, the twelve chapters collectively include more material than what can be reasonably dealt with in a one semester, three-credit course. The book includes an extensive description of the components of fine-grained — especially cohesive — sediment transport. It covers the development of the subject in scientific and engineering applications mainly from the 1950s to its present state. Solved examples and chapter-end exercises are also included. This text is aimed at senior civil engineering undergraduates and graduate students who, in the normal course of their study, seldom come across the subject of fine sediment transport in their curricula. Interested students should have a basic understanding of the mechanics of fluid flow and open channel hydraulics.



The coastal ocean

The coastal ocean Author Christian Christiansen
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105016275823
Release 1989
Pages 49
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The coastal ocean has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The coastal ocean also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The coastal ocean book for free.



Water Wave Mechanics for Engineers and Scientists

Water Wave Mechanics for Engineers and Scientists Author Robert G Dean
ISBN-10 9789814365697
Release 1991-01-23
Pages 368
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This book is intended as an introduction to classical water wave theory for the college senior or first year graduate student. The material is self-contained; almost all mathematical and engineering concepts are presented or derived in the text, thus making the book accessible to practicing engineers as well. The book commences with a review of fluid mechanics and basic vector concepts. The formulation and solution of the governing boundary value problem for small amplitude waves are developed and the kinematic and pressure fields for short and long waves are explored. The transformation of waves due to variations in depth and their interactions with structures are derived. Wavemaker theories and the statistics of ocean waves are reviewed. The application of the water particle motions and pressure fields are applied to the calculation of wave forces on small and large objects. Extension of the linear theory results to several nonlinear wave properties is presented. Each chapter concludes with a set of homework problems exercising and sometimes extending the material presented in the chapter. An appendix provides a description of nine experiments which can be performed, with little additional equipment, in most wave tank facilities.



Modelling Coastal Sea Processes

Modelling Coastal Sea Processes Author John Noye
ISBN-10 9789814495813
Release 1999-11-26
Pages 360
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This book contains updated, reviewed versions of the best papers on “Modelling Coastal Sea Processes” presented at the International Ocean and Atmosphere Pacific Conference, held in Adelaide, South Australia, on 23–27 October 1995. The articles were selected on both scientific merit and usefulness to coastal engineers, physical oceanographers and marine biologists. They cover a range of topics including the modelling of tides and storm surges (especially inundation due to surges), the analysis of modelled or recorded data to permit prediction of tide heights over tidal flats and tidal currents in the presence of coastal eddies, and the modelling of dispersion of fish larvae from spawning grounds to coastal nurseries. Computational techniques are emphasised in line with modern applications, but some analytical techniques have also been included. Contents: A 3D Numerical Model of Tides and Surges in Coastal Seas with Tidal Flats (B J Noye et al.)Analysis and Prediction of Tide Heights Over Tidal Flats and Currents Involving Eddies (G D Lewis & B J Noye)Recent Developments in the Theory and Modelling of Storm Surges (Y M Tang & R H J Grimshaw)Prawn Larvae Advection–Diffusion Modelling in Spencer Gulf, South Australia (J B Nixon & B J Noye)Modelling Currents and Dispersion in Boston Bay, South Australia, During the 1996 Tuna Disaster (B J Noye et al.)River Inlets and Tidal Draw (R D Braddock et al.)and other papers Readership: Postgraduate students and scientists working in coastal engineering or physical oceanography. Keywords:Coastal Seas;Tidal Flats;Eddies;Storm Surges;Modelling Currents;Oceanography



Biennial Report

Biennial Report Author University of California (System). Sea Grant College Program
ISBN-10 UCSC:32106009910479
Release 1981
Pages
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Biennial Report has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Biennial Report also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Biennial Report book for free.



University of California Sea Grant College Program Annual Report

University of California Sea Grant College Program Annual Report Author University of California (System). Sea Grant College Program
ISBN-10 UVA:35007000814537
Release 1978
Pages
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University of California Sea Grant College Program Annual Report has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from University of California Sea Grant College Program Annual Report also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full University of California Sea Grant College Program Annual Report book for free.



Coastal Processes with Engineering Applications

Coastal Processes with Engineering Applications Author Robert G. Dean
ISBN-10 0521602750
Release 2004-03-25
Pages 475
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Text on coastal engineering and oceanography covering theory and applications intended to mitigate shoreline erosion.