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Permafrost Soils

Permafrost Soils Author Rosa Margesin
ISBN-10 9783540693710
Release 2008-10-31
Pages 362
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Vast areas of the soil ecosystem are permanently frozen or are unfrozen for only a few weeks in summer. Permafrost soils are of global interest since a significant increase in temperature is predicted for polar regions. This volume summarizes recent knowledge on various aspects of permafrost and permafrost-affected soils, including typical properties of these soils, the distribution and biodiversity of permafrost microorganisms, examples for microbial activity in frozen soils, and genomic and proteomic insights into cold adaptation of permafrost bacteria. The impact of global warming on microbial communities, carbon dynamics, geomorphology and frozen-ground engineering are further discussed. Other chapters describe the feasibility and limitations of methods for removing contaminants in frozen ground, and consider terrestrial permafrost as a model for extraterrestrial habitats.



Handbook of Soil Sciences

Handbook of Soil Sciences Author Pan Ming Huang
ISBN-10 9781439803066
Release 2011-11-17
Pages 1442
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An evolving, living organic/inorganic covering, soil is in dynamic equilibrium with the atmosphere above, the biosphere within, and the geology below. It acts as an anchor for roots, a purveyor of water and nutrients, a residence for a vast community of microorganisms and animals, a sanitizer of the environment, and a source of raw materials for construction and manufacturing. To develop lasting solutions to the challenges of balanced use and stewardship of the Earth, we require a fundamental understanding of soil—from its elastic, porous three-phase system to its components, processes, and reactions. Handbook of Soil Sciences: Properties and Processes, Second Edition is the first of two volumes that form a comprehensive reference on the discipline of soil science. Completely revised and updated to reflect the current state of knowledge, this volume covers the traditional areas of soil science: soil physics, soil chemistry, soil mineralogy, soil biology and biochemistry, and pedology. Contributors discuss the application of physical principles to characterize the soil system and mass and energy transport processes within the critical zone. They present significant advances in soil chemistry; describe how minerals are formed and transformed; and provide an introduction to the soil biota. They also examine geomorphology, land use, hydropedology, and subaqueous soils as well as the classification and digital mapping of soil. Critical elements addressed in each section include: Descriptions of concepts and theories Definitions, approaches, methodologies, and procedures Data in tabular and figure format Extensive references This cohesive handbook provides a thorough understanding of soil science principles and practices based on a rigorous, complete, and up-to-date treatment of the subject matter compiled by leading scientists. It is a resource rich in data, offering professional soil scientists, agronomists, engineers, ecologists, biologists, naturalists, and students their first point of entry into a particular aspect of the soil sciences.



Permafrost Ecosystems

Permafrost Ecosystems Author Akira Osawa
ISBN-10 1402096933
Release 2010-01-04
Pages 502
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Drawing from a decade-long collaboration between Japan and Russia, this important volume presents the first major synthesis of current knowledge on the ecophysiology of the coniferous forests growing on permafrost at high latitudes. It presents ecological data for a region long inaccessible to most scientists, and raises important questions about the global carbon balance as these systems are affected by the changing climate. Making up around 20% of the entire boreal forests of the northern hemisphere, these ‘permafrost forest ecosystems’ are subject to particular constraints in terms of temperature, nutrient availability, and root space, creating exceptional ecosystem characteristics not known elsewhere. This authoritative text explores their diversity, structure, dynamics and physiology. It provides a comparison of these forests in relation to boreal forests elsewhere, and concludes with an assessment of the potential responses of this unique biome to climate change. The book will be invaluable to advanced students and researchers interested in boreal vegetation, forest ecology, silviculture and forest soils, as well as to researchers into climate change and the global carbon balance.



Ecology of Cyanobacteria II

Ecology of Cyanobacteria II Author Brian A. Whitton
ISBN-10 9789400738553
Release 2012-07-05
Pages 760
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Cyanobacteria have existed for 3.5 billion years, yet they are still the most important photosynthetic organisms on the planet for cycling carbon and nitrogen. The ecosystems where they have key roles range from the warmer oceans to many Antarctic sites. They also include dense nuisance growths in nutrient-rich lakes and nitrogen-fixers which aid the fertility of rice-fields and many soils, especially the biological soil crusts of arid regions. Molecular biology has in recent years provided major advances in our understanding of cyanobacterial ecology. Perhaps for more than any other group of organisms, it is possible to see how the ecology, physiology, biochemistry, ultrastructure and molecular biology interact. This all helps to deal with practical problems such as the control of nuisance blooms and the use of cyanobacterial inocula to manage semi-desert soils. Large-scale culture of several organisms, especially "Spirulina" (Arthrospira), for health food and specialist products is increasingly being expanded for a much wider range of uses. In view of their probable contribution to past oil deposits, much attention is currently focused on their potential as a source of biofuel. Please visit http://extras.springer.com/ to view Extra Materials belonging to this volume. This book complements the highly successful Ecology of Cyanobacteria and integrates the discoveries of the past twelve years with the older literature.



Microbiology of Extreme Soils

Microbiology of Extreme Soils Author Patrice Dion
ISBN-10 354074231X
Release 2007-12-22
Pages 369
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This volume provides a comprehensive coverage of the principal extreme soil ecosystems of natural and anthropogenic origin. Extreme soils oppose chemical or physical limits to colonization by most soil organisms and present the microbiologist with exciting opportunities. Described here are a range of fascinating environments from permafrost to Martian soils. The book includes chapters on basic research in addition to applications in biotechnology and bioremediation.



Canadian Journal of Microbiology

Canadian Journal of Microbiology Author
ISBN-10 MINN:31951P010771535
Release 2009
Pages
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Canadian Journal of Microbiology has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Canadian Journal of Microbiology also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Canadian Journal of Microbiology book for free.



Soil Organic Carbon

Soil Organic Carbon Author Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
ISBN-10 9789251096819
Release 2018-07-18
Pages 90
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The publication was launched at the Global Symposium on Soil Organic Carbon (GSOC) held at FAO headquarters (Rome, 21-23 March 2017). It provides an overview to decision-makers and practitioners of the main scientific facts and information regarding the current knowledge and knowledge gaps on Soil Organic Carbon. It highlights how better information and good practices may be implemented to support ending hunger, adapting to and mitigating climate change and achieving overall sustainable development.



Antarctic Terrestrial Microbiology

Antarctic Terrestrial Microbiology Author Don Cowan
ISBN-10 9783642452130
Release 2014-07-08
Pages 328
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This book brings together many of the world’s leading experts in the fields of Antarctic terrestrial soil ecology, providing a comprehensive and completely up-to-date analysis of the status of Antarctic soil microbiology. Antarctic terrestrial soils represent one of the most extreme environments on Earth. Once thought to be largely sterile, it is now known that these diverse and often specialized extreme habitats harbor a very wide range of different microorganisms. Antarctic soil communities are relatively simple, but not unsophisticated. Recent phylogenetic and microscopic studies have demonstrated that these communities have well established trophic structuring and play a significant role in nutrient cycling in these cold and often dry desert ecosystems. They are surprisingly responsive to change and potentially sensitive to climatic perturbation. Antarctic terrestrial soils also harbor specialized ‘refuge’habitats, where microbial communities develop under (and within) translucent rocks. These cryptic habitats offer unique models for understanding the physical and biological ‘drivers’ of community development, function and evolution.



Cryosols

Cryosols Author John Kimble
ISBN-10 9783662064290
Release 2013-03-14
Pages 726
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Cryosols – permafrost – occupy a unique part of the earth and have properties greatly different from other soils. They also occur where the greatest impact of global warming is predicted. This is the first book bring together the leading researchers in the area of permafrost soils to produce a review of the geography, cryogenic soil forming processes, ecological processes, classification and use of soils that are affected by permafrost.



Roots

Roots Author Jun J. Abe
ISBN-10 9789401729239
Release 2013-04-17
Pages 460
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The root is the organ that functions as the interface between the plant and the earth environment. Many human management practices involving crops, forests and natural vegetation also affect plant growth through the soil and roots. Understanding the morphology and function of roots from the cellular level to the level of the whole root system is required for both plant production and environmental protection. This book is at the forefront of plant root science (rhizology), catering to professional plant scientists and graduate students. It covers root development, stress physiology, ecology, and associations with microorganisms. The chapters are selected papers originally presented at the 6th Symposium of the International Society of Root Research, where plant biologists, ecologists, soil microbiologists, crop scientists, forestry scientists, and environmental scientists, among others, gathered to discuss current research results and to establish rhizology as a newly integrated research area.



Life in Ancient Ice

Life in Ancient Ice Author John D. Castello
ISBN-10 0691074755
Release 2005
Pages 307
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Based on a National Science Foundation-sponsored symposium organized by the editors in 2001, it comprises twenty chapters by internationally renowned scientists, including Russian experts whose decades of work has been rarely available in English."--Jacket.



Psychrophiles From Biodiversity to Biotechnology

Psychrophiles  From Biodiversity to Biotechnology Author Rosa Margesin
ISBN-10 9783319570570
Release 2017-06-22
Pages 685
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Cold adaptation includes a complex range of structural and functional adaptations at the level of all cellular constituents, and these adaptations render cold-adapted organisms particularly useful for biotechnological applications. This book presents the most recent knowledge of (i) boundary conditions for microbial life in the cold, (ii) microbial diversity in various cold ecosystems, (iii) molecular cold adaptation mechanisms and (iv) the resulting biotechnological perspectives.



Bioremediation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Cold Regions

Bioremediation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Cold Regions Author Dennis M. Filler
ISBN-10 9781139470049
Release 2008-02-21
Pages
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This guide to bioremediation in cold regions is designed to aid environmental practitioners, industry, and regulators in the remediation of petroleum spills and contaminated sites in cold regions. Remediation design and technology used in temperate climates does not necessarily work in cold climates, and cleanup takes longer due to shorter treatment seasons, sub-freezing temperatures, ground freezing and thawing, and limited bioactivity. Environmental engineers and scientists from eight countries working in the polar regions combine their experiences and expertise with petroleum contamination to write this book. It contains in-depth discussions on regulations, freezing and frozen ground, identification and adaptations of cold-tolerant bacteria, contaminant transport in cold soils and permafrost, temperature effects on biodegradation, analytical methods, treatability studies, and nutritional requirements for bioremediation. Emphasis is given to practical and effective bioremediation methods for application in cold regions. Emerging technologies are also discussed.



Biology of Fodder Plants in the Permafrost Zone

Biology of Fodder Plants in the Permafrost Zone Author L. G. Elovskai︠a︡
ISBN-10 CORNELL:31924000148936
Release 1984
Pages 163
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Biology of Fodder Plants in the Permafrost Zone has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Biology of Fodder Plants in the Permafrost Zone also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Biology of Fodder Plants in the Permafrost Zone book for free.



2nd European Conference on Permafrost

2nd European Conference on Permafrost Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105121939016
Release 2005
Pages 224
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2nd European Conference on Permafrost has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from 2nd European Conference on Permafrost also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full 2nd European Conference on Permafrost book for free.



The Nature and Properties of Soils

The Nature and Properties of Soils Author Harry Oliver Buckman
ISBN-10 UOM:39015002013012
Release 1922
Pages 653
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The Nature and Properties of Soils has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Nature and Properties of Soils also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Nature and Properties of Soils book for free.



Soil Microbiology Ecology and Biochemistry

Soil Microbiology  Ecology and Biochemistry Author Eldor A. Paul
ISBN-10 9780123914118
Release 2014-11-14
Pages 598
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The fourth edition of Soil Microbiology, Ecology and Biochemistry updates this widely used reference as the study and understanding of soil biota, their function, and the dynamics of soil organic matter has been revolutionized by molecular and instrumental techniques, and information technology. Knowledge of soil microbiology, ecology and biochemistry is central to our understanding of organisms and their processes and interactions with their environment. In a time of great global change and increased emphasis on biodiversity and food security, soil microbiology and ecology has become an increasingly important topic. Revised by a group of world-renowned authors in many institutions and disciplines, this work relates the breakthroughs in knowledge in this important field to its history as well as future applications. The new edition provides readable, practical, impactful information for its many applied and fundamental disciplines. Professionals turn to this text as a reference for fundamental knowledge in their field or to inform management practices. New section on "Methods in Studying Soil Organic Matter Formation and Nutrient Dynamics" to balance the two successful chapters on microbial and physiological methodology Includes expanded information on soil interactions with organisms involved in human and plant disease Improved readability and integration for an ever-widening audience in his field Integrated concepts related to soil biota, diversity, and function allow readers in multiple disciplines to understand the complex soil biota and their function