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DN to lambda

DN to  lambda Author James R. Janesick
ISBN-10 0819467227
Release 2007-01-01
Pages 258
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Photon Transfer is designed for a wide audience--from the novice to the advanced user already familiar with the method. For first-time users, the book's primary purpose is to give sufficient guidelines to accurately generate, calibrate, and understand imaging data products through the photon transfer method. The book contains more than 230 figures that present experimental CCD and CMOS data products and modeling simulations connected to photon transfer. Contents also provide hundreds of relations that support photon transfer theory, simulations, and data.



Scientific Charge coupled Devices

Scientific Charge coupled Devices Author James R. Janesick
ISBN-10 0819436984
Release 2001-01-01
Pages 906
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The invention of the charge-coupled device 30 years ago was the beginning of a remarkable image capture technology that has changed the course of imaging in fields ranging from astronomy to biotechnology. This book presents a comprehensive history, tutorial, and state-of-the-art description of CCDs and is intended for scientists, engineers, imaging hardware managers, and graduate students.



Modulation Transfer Function in Optical and Electro optical Systems

Modulation Transfer Function in Optical and Electro optical Systems Author Glenn D. Boreman
ISBN-10 0819441430
Release 2001-01-01
Pages 110
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This tutorial introduces the theory and applications of MTF, used to specify the image quality achieved by an imaging system. It covers basic linear systems theory and the relationship between impulse response, resolution, MTF, OTF, PTF, and CTF. Practical measurement and testing issues are discussed.



CMOS CCD Sensors and Camera Systems

CMOS CCD Sensors and Camera Systems Author Gerald C. Holst
ISBN-10 0819486531
Release 2011-01-01
Pages 388
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The fully updated edition of this bestseller addresses CMOS/CCD differences, similarities, and applications, including architecture concepts and operation, such as full-frame, interline transfer, progressive scan, color filter arrays, rolling shutters, 3T, 4T, 5T, and 6T. The authors discuss novel designs, illustrate sampling theory and aliasing with numerous examples, and describe the advantages and limitations of small pixels. This monograph provides the very latest information for specifying cameras using radiometric or photometric concepts to consider the entire system--from scene to observer. Numerous new references have also been added.



Optical Communications Rules of Thumb

Optical Communications Rules of Thumb Author John Lester Miller
ISBN-10 9780071500906
Release 2002-12-11
Pages 428
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This engineering tool provides over 200 time and cost saving rules of thumb--short cuts, tricks, and methods that optical communications veterans have developed through long years of trial and error. * DWDM (Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing) and SONET (Synchronous Optical NETwork) rules * Information Transmission, fiber optics, and systems rules



Modeling the Imaging Chain of Digital Cameras

Modeling the Imaging Chain of Digital Cameras Author Robert D. Fiete
ISBN-10 0819483397
Release 2010-01-01
Pages 207
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The process by which an image is formed, processed, and displayed can be conceptualized as a chain of physical events called the imaging chain. By mathematically modeling the imaging chain, we can gain insight into the relationship between the camera design parameters and the resulting image quality. The mathematical models can also be used to optimize and assess the design of a camera for specific applications before expenditures are committed to building hardware. Modeling the Imaging Chain of Digital Cameras teaches the key elements of the end-to-end imaging chain for digital camera systems and describes how elements of the imaging chain are mathematically modeled using the basics of linear systems mathematics and Fourier transforms. The emphasis is on general digital cameras designed to image incoherent light in the visible imaging spectrum. The reader will learn how digital camera design parameters are related to the elements of the imaging chain and how they influence the resulting image quality. The book also discusses the use of imaging chain models to simulate images from different digital camera designs for image quality evaluations.



Therapeutic Modalities for Musculoskeletal Injuries 4E

Therapeutic Modalities for Musculoskeletal Injuries  4E Author Denegar, Craig R.
ISBN-10 9781450469012
Release 2015-10-09
Pages 384
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Therapeutic Modalities for Musculoskeletal Injuries, Fourth Edition, offers comprehensive coverage of therapeutic interventions for musculoskeletal injuries, providing the tools for optimal decision making for safe and effective use of each treatment method.



Wetland Landscape Characterization

Wetland Landscape Characterization Author Ricardo D. Lopez
ISBN-10 9781466504325
Release 2013-03-27
Pages 308
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Wetlands are, by their very nature, ephemeral and transitional, which makes them challenging to characterize. Yet the need for characterizing wetlands continues to grow, particularly as we develop a better understanding of the wealth of ecosystem services that they provide. Wetland Landscape Characterization: Practical Tools, Methods, and Approaches for Landscape Ecology, Second Edition shows how wetland characterization tools, methods, and approaches can be integrated to more effectively address twenty-first-century wetland issues. A Practical Toolbox for Integrated Wetland Landscape Characterization The book explains how to locate, identify, and map the extent of wetlands to learn more about their importance to society and the larger landscape. It examines jurisdictional, regulatory, and practical applications from the scientific, engineering, and lay perspectives. Fully updated, the second edition reflects an emerging infrastructural, ecosystem goods-and-services perspective to better assist readers who may encounter these concepts and challenges as they assess and characterize wetlands. Examples and case studies illustrate a variety of situations and solutions, highlighting the use of current techniques to assess, inventory, and monitor natural resources under changing conditions. These examples offer lessons and ideas for the issues encountered every day by wetland landscape ecology practitioners. The book also refers readers to additional resources to help them solve specific challenges. New in This Edition Updates of practical geospatial methods More project-driven examples A description of the pitfalls of using ecological data at landscape scales, along with solutions Alternative techniques for a variety of practitioners Linkages between field and landscape ecological practices Online resources for practitioners New illustrations This book helps readers develop the concepts, skills, and understanding of how to best achieve project goals in the rapidly changing disciplines of landscape science and wetland ecology and management. A valuable resource, it provides practical tools, methods, and approaches for conceptualizing, designing, and implementing broad-scale wetland projects that take into account critical societal linkages.



Macroeconomics

Macroeconomics Author Roger A. Arnold
ISBN-10 9781305446274
Release 2015-01-01
Pages 696
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Today's economy may be tough, but economics doesn't have to be. Let Roger Arnold's MACROECONOMICS, 12E open up the world of economic analysis. With more detailed coverage of the financial and economic crisis than any other principles text on the market, this inviting book offers innovative and engaging learning features and easy customization. The author weaves memorable examples from pop culture throughout this edition and bolsters reader interest by illustrating the unexpected places macroeconomics occur. Readers see how economic forces link to every day events and form an important part of life 24/7. Coverage of the latest macroeconomic developments and new content reflect today's changing economy and equip readers with a thorough understanding of contemporary macroeconomics. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.



Electronic Imaging in Astronomy

Electronic Imaging in Astronomy Author Ian S. McLean
ISBN-10 9783540765837
Release 2008-08-17
Pages 552
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The second edition of Electronic Imaging in Astronomy: Detectors and Instrumentation describes the remarkable developments that have taken place in astronomical detectors and instrumentation in recent years – from the invention of the charge-coupled device (CCD) in 1970 to the current era of very large telescopes, such as the Keck 10-meter telescopes in Hawaii with their laser guide-star adaptive optics which rival the image quality of the Hubble Space Telescope. Authored by one of the world’s foremost experts on the design and development of electronic imaging systems for astronomy, this book has been written on several levels to appeal to a broad readership. Mathematical expositions are designed to encourage a wider audience, especially among the growing community of amateur astronomers with small telescopes with CCD cameras. The book can be used at the college level for an introductory course on modern astronomical detectors and instruments, and as a supplement for a practical or laboratory class.



Solid State Imaging with Charge Coupled Devices

Solid State Imaging with Charge Coupled Devices Author A.J. Theuwissen
ISBN-10 9780306471193
Release 2006-04-11
Pages 390
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Solid-State Imaging with Charge-Coupled Devices covers the complete imaging chain: from the CCD's fundamentals to the applications. The book is divided into four main parts: the first deals with the basics of the charge-coupled devices in general. The second explains the imaging concepts in close relation to the classical television application. Part three goes into detail on new developments in the solid-state imaging world (light sensitivity, noise, device architectures), and part four rounds off the discussion with a variety of applications and the imager technology. The book is a reference work intended for all who deal with one or more aspects of solid- state imaging: the educational, scientific and industrial world. Graduates, undergraduates, engineers and technicians interested in the physics of solid-state imagers will find the answers to their imaging questions. Since each chapter concludes with a short section `Worth Memorizing', reading this short summary allows readers to continue their reading without missing the main message from the previous section.



Boys of St Petersburg

Boys of St  Petersburg Author Michael Andrew
ISBN-10 3867877645
Release 2014-11-01
Pages 128
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St. Petersburg is a city of inexpressible beauty. In Boys of St. Petersburg, photographer Michael Andrews shares this with us. His photography is of soulful precision and breathtaking virtuosity. During his several months' long winter travels to St. Petersburg, Michael Andrew succeeded in capturing the innocent beauty and grace of the models. The result is a photographical masterpiece, a tribute to the Boys of St. Petersburg.



Vitalog

Vitalog Author Dora Walker
ISBN-10 0966608593
Release 2002-09-01
Pages 400
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Numerous caregiversto chronically illpatients have taken to scribbling daily remarks on yellow legal pads or school notebooks to keep track of the inevitable ups and downs of thepatient's condition, quirks of diet, falls, weakening of certain vital signs, and hospital visits. Now all of that--and more!--can be jotted down, day by day, in VITALOG: A HomeCaregiver's Daybook. This overdue home log is the creation ofDora Walker of Culloden, West Virginia, who herself was for many years a caregiver to her husband Bob. Doctors and nurses gave Dora and Bob such positive feedback on Dora's logthat she vowed to put it into production for people every wherewho found themselves in the caregiver's role and wished they had an organized form for daily notes. "This is a huge plus! I find that Vitalog covers everything you need to know to track a patient's medications and daily events. When you take your loved one to the doctor, everything is plain to see." -- Ed Mooney, Director, Mariner Health of Huntington, WV



Scientific Detectors for Astronomy

Scientific Detectors for Astronomy Author P. Amico
ISBN-10 9781402025273
Release 2006-04-18
Pages 630
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Dear Friends, It seems like it was only yesterday that we drove the last of you to the airport. The memories and the spirit of the Scientific Detectors for Astronomy Workshop (SDW2002) remain fresh and strong. For us, this was a very special event, a great gathering of what may be one of the friendliest and most cooperative technical communities on our little planet. We have tried to capture the spirit of the Workshop in these Proceedings and we hope you are able to relive your week in Hawaii. For those readers who did not attend, we invite you into this community. As you probably noticed, there is a new name on the cover: Jenna Beletic was the ace up our sleeve for these Proceedings. As a summer intern at Keck, she took up the task of organizing, proofreading, editing and formatting the papers. She also made the graphics (her artistic talents shine on pages xxxiii and xxxv), contacted authors and prepared the mountain of paperwork which goes with producing a book. Jenna’s enthusiasm at learning, her passion for the job and creativity (e. g. find 100 ways to get Paola and Jim to do their jobs) have been a motivating addition to our team of “old workshop foxes”...... and a source for a good deal of paternal pride. We are honoured to have her as a fellow editor.



Charge Coupled Device Technology

Charge Coupled Device Technology Author S Ochi
ISBN-10 9056990012
Release 1997-05-22
Pages 202
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The introduction and preliminary chapters discuss the background and development of CCD technology, and the structure and operation of CCD image sensors. Subsequent chapters examine the technology and sensor manufacturing process, including modelling, the theories behind digital imaging processing, and the applications of digital cameras. Finally, the editor discusses future technological and market trends anticipated in this fast growing industry. This title contains the most up-to-date and comprehensive information on the development of the Charge-Coupled Device (CCD), which makes possible the widespread use of consumer camcorders and broadcasting color cameras. The material in this book is comprehensive enough to be of great value to researchers, industrialists and post-graduate students in the area of image technology, while the simplicity and clarity of explanation make it easy to understand to the non-expert.



Image Sensors and Signal Processing for Digital Still Cameras

Image Sensors and Signal Processing for Digital Still Cameras Author Junichi Nakamura
ISBN-10 9781351836975
Release 2017-12-21
Pages 336
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Shrinking pixel sizes along with improvements in image sensors, optics, and electronics have elevated DSCs to levels of performance that match, and have the potential to surpass, that of silver-halide film cameras. Image Sensors and Signal Processing for Digital Still Cameras captures the current state of DSC image acquisition and signal processing technology and takes an all-inclusive look at the field, from the history of DSCs to future possibilities. The first chapter outlines the evolution of DSCs, their basic structure, and their major application classes. The next few chapters discuss high-quality optics that meet the requirements of better image sensors, the basic functions and performance parameters of image sensors, and detailed discussions of both CCD and CMOS image sensors. The book then discusses how color theory affects the uses of DSCs, presents basic image processing and camera control algorithms and examples of advanced image processing algorithms, explores the architecture and required performance of signal processing engines, and explains how to evaluate image quality for each component described. The book closes with a look at future technologies and the challenges that must be overcome to realize them. With contributions from many active DSC experts, Image Sensors and Image Processing for Digital Still Cameras offers unparalleled real-world coverage and opens wide the door for future innovation.



Scientific Detectors for Astronomy 2005

Scientific Detectors for Astronomy 2005 Author Jenna E. Beletic
ISBN-10 9781402043307
Release 2006-09-14
Pages 771
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The 2005 meeting in Taormina, Italy was attended by 127 professionals who develop and use the highest quality detectors for wavelengths from x-ray to sub-mm, with emphasis on optical and infrared detectors. The meeting consisted of overview talks, technical presentations, poster sessions and roundtable discussions. These proceedings capture the technical content and the spirit of the 2005 workshop. The 87 papers cover a wide range of detector technologies including CCDs, CMOS, APDs, and sub-mm detectors. There are papers on observatory status and plans, special applications, detector testing and characterization, and electronics. A special feature of these proceedings is the inclusion of pedagogical overview papers, which were written by teams of leading experts from different institutions. These proceedings are appropriate for a range of expertise levels, from undergraduates to professionals working in the field. The information presented in this book will serve as a valuable reference for many years to come. This workshop was organized by the Scientific Workshop Factory, Inc. and the INAF- Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania.