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Policy Challenges and Political Responses

Policy Challenges and Political Responses Author William F. Shughart II
ISBN-10 9780387280387
Release 2006-06-30
Pages 247
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In Policy Challenges and Political Responses, leading public choice scholars confront the most significant problems facing democratic societies at the dawn of the 21st century. Ranging widely across the policy spectrum, this authoritative volume demonstrates the vibrancy and continuing relevance of the public choice research program by applying its ideas and methods to constitution-making in the European Union, terrorism, the growth of government, political campaign finance, vote-counting technologies, participatory democracy, corporate governance, school choice, and tort reform. Essays assessing the present state of the social contract and the enduring tensions between capitalism, socialism, and democracy broaden the book’s perspective. The distinguished list of contributors includes James Buchanan, Charles Rowley, Dennis Mueller, Todd Sandler, Randall Holcombe, Michael Munger, Thomas Stratmann, Harold Mulherin, Lawrence Kenny, and Paul Rubin. Edited by two of the editors of the journal Public Choice and as fresh as today’s headlines, this volume positions the public choice literature in the context of current events and points its research agenda in new directions. It is a unique and indispensable collection of value to economists, political scientists, political philosophers, and public policymakers.



China s Environmental Crisis

China   s Environmental Crisis Author J. Kassiola
ISBN-10 9780230114364
Release 2010-11-08
Pages 227
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This path-breaking collection covers the significance of China's extreme environmental challenges for both Chinese society and the world, how these challenges are impacting domestic Chinese society and its political institutions, and how these institutions are responding in their efforts to address the environmental problems.



Readings in American Foreign Policy

Readings in American Foreign Policy Author Glenn P. Hastedt
ISBN-10 9781538100813
Release 2017-08-28
Pages 312
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Readings in American Foreign Policy delivers a contemporary introduction to America’s role in world affairs. Useful alone or as a supplementary reader for undergraduate American foreign policy courses, the second edition focuses on the most current problems and how to interpret them. Readings are divided into six parts and each part opens with an introductory essay providing students with a historical framework and “big picture” questions to guide comprehension. Each part incorporates a variety of sources, including not only articles from the most popular journals worldwide, but lesser known government documents and think tank pieces. By exposing students to a unique array of government policies and debates, Readings in American Foreign Policy prompts students to analyze policy making from multiple perspectives and to develop their own strategies toward evaluating policy positions.



National Policy Responses to Urban Challenges in Europe

National Policy Responses to Urban Challenges in Europe Author Mr Erik Braun
ISBN-10 9781409487258
Release 2012-11-28
Pages 464
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This book presents a unique overview of urban policy conducted by national authorities in the fifteen 'old' member states of the EU. It focuses on recent changes in the development of the larger cities and changes in policymaking by national authorities with respect to urban development. The book provides an up-to-date source of information, and will be of importance to anyone involved in the role and development of European cities as well as the formulation and delivery of associated national policies.



Coordinating Global Health Policy Responses

Coordinating Global Health Policy Responses Author Annamarie Bindenagel Šehović
ISBN-10 9783319520063
Release 2017-06-17
Pages 182
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This book identifies the main challenges to confronting global health (in)securities at three levels. First, at the level of zoonosis, to which HIV and Ebola, as well as H1Nn, MERS-CoV, and SARS belong, and which promise to continue to emerge. Second, at the level of the spread of these across bio-, ecological and political boundaries and borders, particularly nationally. These present challenges not only in terms of immunities, but also in terms of rights – who is eligible for treatment under whose responsibility? Finally, at the international level of global administration, presenting a challenge in terms of coordinated public health, legal, political, and economic response. The book develops coordinated policy recommendations for meeting these challenges in a globalized world, and examines the unique opportunities and challenges associated with the co-administration of the good of public health by both nation states and non-state actors. This book will be valuable read for students of Public Policy, Health Policy and Management, International Relations and Global Governance.



Comparative Politics Domestic Responses to Global Challenges

Comparative Politics  Domestic Responses to Global Challenges Author Charles Hauss
ISBN-10 9781337670456
Release 2018-01-01
Pages 50
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Balancing theory with application and featuring an engaging, student-friendly writing style, the TENTH EDITION of COMPARATIVE POLITICS uses a unique theme--Domestic Responses to Global Challenges--to introduce key concepts and examine the growing interdependence of strong and weak states. COMPARATIVE POLITICS takes an in-depth look at fourteen countries, framed within broader discussions in the part-opening chapters on Industrialized Democracies, Current and Former Communist Regimes, and The Global South. The introduction establishes a comparative structure based on five themes: conflict, democratization, economic liberalization, globalization, and challenges, which are then explored for each country. The countries discussed are categorized by economic development, helping students hone their skills of comparison, synthesis, and interpretation by studying countries of similar economic status. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.



Globalization and Democracy in Southeast Asia

Globalization and Democracy in Southeast Asia Author Chantana Banpasirichote Wungaeo
ISBN-10 9781137576545
Release 2016-08-31
Pages 312
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This book questions why Southeast Asian nation states are struggling to adopt full-fledged liberal democracy and attempts to better understand the relationship between globalization and models of democracy. Country studies are covered mostly by native Southeast Asian scholars who analyse recent developments as well as specific concerns that have arisen from political crises, citizen uprisings, ethnic identity politics, political reforms, social justice and inequality, and the persistence of the political elite. The collection highlights factors which have impacted the different regional and national paths taken such as: the legacy of the Cold War, rapid economic development and liberalization, external economic globalization, the important role of informal politics, powerful elites, and weak but emerging middle classes. This book will be of interest to scholars and students of regional studies of Southeast Asia, Democracy, Sociology, Politics and Globalization Studies.



National Policy Responses to Urban Challenges in Europe

National Policy Responses to Urban Challenges in Europe Author Leo van den Berg
ISBN-10 9781317090045
Release 2016-07-22
Pages 460
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This book presents a unique overview of urban policy conducted by national authorities in the fifteen 'old' member states of the EU. Focussing on recent changes in the development of the larger cities and changes in policymaking by national authorities with respect to urban development, the book is structured around 15 'country chapters', written by national experts in the field of urban development. The book provides an up-to-date source of information, and will be of importance to anyone involved in the role and development of European cities as well as the formulation and delivery of associated national policies.



Legal and Political Responses to Maritime Security Challenges in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore

Legal and Political Responses to Maritime Security Challenges in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore Author Mary Ann E. Palma
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822033576745
Release 2003
Pages 89
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Legal and Political Responses to Maritime Security Challenges in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Legal and Political Responses to Maritime Security Challenges in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Legal and Political Responses to Maritime Security Challenges in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore book for free.



The Challenges of Collaboration in Environmental Governance

The Challenges of Collaboration in Environmental Governance Author Richard D. Margerum
ISBN-10 9781785360411
Release 2016-09-28
Pages 424
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Collaborative approaches to governance are being used to address some of the most difficult environmental issues across the world, but there is limited focus on the challenges of practice. Leading scholars from the United States, Europe and Australia explore the theory and practice in a range of contexts, highlighting the lessons from practice, the potential limitations of collaboration and the potential strategies for addressing these challenges.



Boundaries of Contagion

Boundaries of Contagion Author Evan S. Lieberman
ISBN-10 9781400830459
Release 2009-03-23
Pages 368
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Why have governments responded to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in such different ways? During the past quarter century, international agencies and donors have disseminated vast resources and a set of best practice recommendations to policymakers around the globe. Yet the governments of developing countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean continue to implement widely varying policies. Boundaries of Contagion is the first systematic, comparative analysis of the politics of HIV/AIDS. The book explores the political challenges of responding to a stigmatized condition, and identifies ethnic boundaries--the formal and informal institutions that divide societies--as a central influence on politics and policymaking. Evan Lieberman examines the ways in which risk and social competition get mapped onto well-institutionalized patterns of ethnic politics. Where strong ethnic boundaries fragment societies into groups, the politics of AIDS are more likely to involve blame and shame-avoidance tactics against segments of the population. In turn, government leaders of such countries respond far less aggressively to the epidemic. Lieberman's case studies of Brazil, South Africa, and India--three developing countries that face significant AIDS epidemics--are complemented by statistical analyses of the policy responses of Indian states and over seventy developing countries. The studies conclude that varied patterns of ethnic competition shape how governments respond to this devastating problem. The author considers the implications for governments and donors, and the increasing tendency to identify social problems in ethnic terms.



Crises In European Integration

Crises In European Integration Author Ludger Kuhnhardt
ISBN-10 9781782382249
Release 2013-08-15
Pages 176
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While the major trends in European integration have been well researched and constitute key elements of narratives about its value and purpose, the crises of integration and their effects have not yet attracted sufficient attention. This volume, with original contributions by leading German scholars, suggests that crises of integration should be seen as engines of progress throughout the history of European integration rather than as expressions of failure and regression, a widely held assumption. It therefore throws new light on the current crises in European integration and provides a fascinating panorama of how challenges and responses were guiding the process during its first five decades.



The Political Economy of Renewable Energy and Energy Security

The Political Economy of Renewable Energy and Energy Security Author E. Moe
ISBN-10 9781137338877
Release 2014-09-23
Pages 333
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Bringing together renewable energy and energy security, this book covers both the politics and political economy of renewables and energy security and analyzes renewable technologies in diverse and highly topical countries: Japan, China and Northern Europe.



Requalifying the Built Environment

Requalifying the Built Environment Author Roderick Lawrence
ISBN-10 9781616764302
Release 2012
Pages 232
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How global change is impacting on the social, physical, and economic structure of cities and their inhabitants In recent decades significant financial and professional resources have been invested in urban regeneration, housing renovation, and the revitalization of old neighborhoods, with considerable impacts on the social, physical, and economic structure of cities and their inhabitants. The first objective of this volume is to present the key issues related to these changes, which were discussed at an international symposium of experts organized by the International Association for People-Environment Studies and CSBE Networks in Istanbul. The second objective is to show how concepts and methods in the field of people-environment studies can be successfully applied to study complex questions related to the revitalization of the built environment, both at the small scale of specific buildings and at the larger scale of neighborhoods. The contributions in this volume are centered around the following main themes: Key issues concerning heritage and cultural identity The institutional, economic, and political contexts of revitalization Implementation and how to address the key challenges This volume will be useful to researchers, graduate students, teachers, and professional practitioners in housing design and construction, the maintenance and upgrading of existing buildings and urban areas, conservation management, and the broad field of housing studies. The book is pertinent to people trained in environmental psychology, social policy studies, architecture, urban design, urban sociology, human geography, and building and landscape conservation.



Migrants and Health

Migrants and Health Author Christiane Falge
ISBN-10 9781317096573
Release 2016-04-22
Pages 220
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Integrating newcomers and minorities into the social fabric of receiving countries has become one of the crucial challenges of contemporary Western societies. This volume seeks to understand patterns of changing institutional practices and public policies where the challenges of including cultural diversity into the social fabric are most pronounced: namely the health care system. In recent years, pro-migrant organizations and anti-racist activists have repeatedly voiced and politicized demands to improve migrants' access to the health-care system giving rise to a lively debate about migrants' access to health-care and responsiveness of institutions to their needs. In a nutshell the book achieves the following: - Provides a conceptual framework to link patterns of political advocacy/mobilization and processes of migrants' socio-political inclusion - Integrates the (multi-disciplinary) literature on political mobilization and accommodating cultural diversity in an innovative fashion - Presents a comparative study on accommodating diversity in the health care system from a comparative transatlantic perspective - Generates insight into best practices in the health care system that will be of interest to scholars as well as practitioners in the field. The analysis of health care provision offers an opportunity to test new public policy strategies and the policy consequences of the now widespread aspiration to include citizens more fully in designing and implementing them.



Institutional Capacity for Climate Change Response

Institutional Capacity for Climate Change Response Author Theresa Birgitta Brønnum Scavenius
ISBN-10 9781317309789
Release 2017-12-15
Pages 164
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In a period of rapid climate change and climate governance failures, it is crucial to understand and address how effectively different political institutions can and should react to climate change. The term 'institutional response capacity' can be defined as a measurement for how effective political institutions may respond to threats and challenges such as climate change. This book sets out to provide a venue for the discussion of how to conduct climate politics by offering new perspectives on how social and political institutions are capable of responding to climate change. In doing so, the book explores how democracy, institutional design and polycentric governance influence social and political entities’ capacity to mitigate, adapt, address and transform climate change. The book offers building blocks for a new agenda of climate studies by focusing on institutional response capacity and by offering a new approach to climate governance at a time when many political initiatives have failed. This interdisciplinary volume is a valuable resource for academics, researchers and policy-makers in the areas of anthropology, political science, geography and environmental studies.



The Political and Economic Challenges of Energy in the Middle East and North Africa

The Political and Economic Challenges of Energy in the Middle East and North Africa Author David Ramin Jalilvand
ISBN-10 9781351783484
Release 2017-11-22
Pages 302
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The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are in disarray, and shifts in the field of energy have the potential to drastically affect the course of political and economic developments in the region. Declining oil prices, skyrocketing domestic demand, the rise of unconventional oil and natural gas production in North America, as well as shifting patterns of global energy trade all put severe pressures on both producing and importing countries in the MENA region. Policy-makers are facing fundamental challenges in light of the duality of grand transformations in (geo)politics and energy. Changes in the field of energy require substantial political and economic reforms, affecting the very fabric of sociopolitical arrangements. At the same time, the MENA region’s geopolitical volatility makes any such reforms extremely risky. Including contributions by academics and analysts from both inside and outside the MENA region, this volume explores the changes in global and regional energy, the impact of changing international energy dynamics on politics and economies in the MENA region, and the challenges that will result. This is essential reading for researchers, postgraduates, and professionals in Middle Eastern and North African politics, global energy governance and regionalism.