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Power System Operations and Electricity Markets

Power System Operations and Electricity Markets Author Fred I. Denny
ISBN-10 9781351835084
Release 2017-12-21
Pages 152
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The electric power industry in the U.S. has undergone dramatic changes in recent years. Tight regulations enacted in the 1970's and then de-regulation in the 90's have transformed it from a technology-driven industry into one driven by public policy requirements and the open-access market. Now, just as the utility companies must change to ensure their survival, engineers and other professionals in the industry must acquire new skills, adopt new attitudes, and accommodate other disciplines. Power System Operations and Electricity Markets provides the information engineers need to understand and meet the challenges of the new competitive environment. Integrating the business and technical aspects of the restructured power industry, it explains, clearly and succinctly, how new methods for power systems operations and energy marketing relate to public policy, regulation, economics, and engineering science. The authors examine the technologies and techniques currently in use and lay the groundwork for the coming era of unbundling, open access, power marketing, self-generation, and regional transmission operations. The rapid, massive changes in the electric power industry and in the economy have rendered most books on the subject obsolete. Based on the authors' years of front-line experience in the industry and in regulatory organizations, Power System Operations and Electricity Markets is current, insightful, and complete with Web links that will help readers stay up to date.

Electricity Markets

Electricity Markets Author Jeremy Lin
ISBN-10 9781119179375
Release 2017-08-30
Pages 352
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A comprehensive resource that provides the basic concepts of electric power systems, microeconomics, and optimization techniques Electricity Markets: Theories and Applications offers students and practitioners a clear understanding of the fundamental concepts of the economic theories, particularly microeconomic theories, as well as information on some advanced optimization methods of electricity markets. The authors—noted experts in the field—cover the basic drivers for the transformation of the electricity industry in both the United States and around the world and discuss the fundamentals of power system operation, electricity market design and structures, and electricity market operations. The text also explores advanced topics of power system operations and electricity market design and structure including zonal versus nodal pricing, market performance and market power issues, transmission pricing, and the emerging problems electricity markets face in smart grid and micro-grid environments. The authors also examine system planning under the context of electricity market regime. They explain the new ways to solve problems with the tremendous amount of economic data related to power systems that is now available. This important resource: Introduces fundamental economic concepts necessary to understand the operations and functions of electricity markets Presents basic characteristics of power systems and physical laws governing operation Includes mathematical optimization methods related to electricity markets and their applications to practical market clearing issues Electricity Markets: Theories and Applications is an authoritative text that explores the basic concepts of the economic theories and key information on advanced optimization methods of electricity markets.

Restructured Electric Power Systems

Restructured Electric Power Systems Author Xiao-Ping Zhang
ISBN-10 1118017072
Release 2010-10-15
Pages 307
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The latest practical applications of electricity market equilibrium models in analyzing electricity markets Electricity market deregulation is driving the power energy production from a monopolistic structure into a competitive market environment. The development of electricity markets has necessitated the need to analyze market behavior and power. Restructured Electric Power Systems reviews the latest developments in electricity market equilibrium models and discusses the application of such models in the practical analysis and assessment of electricity markets. Drawing upon the extensive involvement in the research and industrial development of the leading experts in the subject area, the book starts by explaining the current developments of electrical power systems towards smart grids and then relates the operation and control technologies to the aspects in electricity markets. It explores: The problems of electricity market behavior and market power Mathematical programs with equilibrium constraints (MPEC) and equilibrium problems with equilibrium constraints (EPEC) Tools and techniques for solving the electricity market equilibrium problems Various electricity market equilibrium models State-of-the-art techniques for computing the electricity market equilibrium problems The application of electricity market equilibrium models in assessing the economic benefits of transmission expansions for market environments, forward and spot markets, short-term power system security, and analysis of reactive power impact Also featured are computational resources to allow readers to develop algorithms on their own, as well as future research directions in modeling and computational techniques in electricity market analysis. Restructured Electric Power Systems is an invaluable reference for electrical engineers and power system economists from power utilities and for professors, postgraduate students, and undergraduate students in electrical power engineering, as well as those responsible for the design, engineering, research, and development of competitive electricity markets and electricity market policy.

Market Operations in Electric Power Systems

Market Operations in Electric Power Systems Author Mohammad Shahidehpour
ISBN-10 9780471463948
Release 2003-06-11
Pages 552
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An essential overview of post-deregulation market operations in electrical power systems Until recently the U.S. electricity industry was dominated by vertically integrated utilities. It is now evolving into a distributive and competitive market driven by market forces and increased competition. With electricity amounting to a $200 billion per year market in the United States, the implications of this restructuring will naturally affect the rest of the world. Why is restructuring necessary? What are the components of restructuring? How is the new structure different from the old monopoly? How are the participants strategizing their options to maximize their revenues? What are the market risks and how are they evaluated? How are interchange transactions analyzed and approved? Starting with a background sketch of the industry, this hands-on reference provides insights into the new trends in power systems operation and control, and highlights advanced issues in the field. Written for both technical and nontechnical professionals involved in power engineering, finance, and marketing, this must-have resource discusses: * Market structure and operation of electric power systems * Load and price forecasting and arbitrage * Price-based unit commitment and security constrained unit commitment * Market power analysis and game theory applications * Ancillary services auction market design * Transmission pricing and congestion Using real-world case studies, this timely survey offers engineers, consultants, researchers, financial managers, university professors and students, and other professionals in the industry a comprehensive review of electricity restructuring and how its radical effects will shape the market.

Advances in Electric Power and Energy Systems

Advances in Electric Power and Energy Systems Author Mohamed E. El-Hawary
ISBN-10 9781118171349
Release 2017-07-12
Pages 328
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A comprehensive review of state-of-the-art approaches to power systems forecasting from the most respected names in the field, internationally Advances in Electric Power and Energy Systems is the first book devoted exclusively to a subject of increasing urgency to power systems planning and operations. Written for practicing engineers, researchers, and post-grads concerned with power systems planning and forecasting, this book brings together contributions from many of the world’s foremost names in the field who address a range of critical issues, from forecasting power system load to power system pricing to post-storm service restoration times, river flow forecasting, and more. In a time of ever-increasing energy demands, mounting concerns over the environmental impacts of power generation, and the emergence of new, smart-grid technologies, electricity price forecasting has assumed a prominent role within both the academic and industrial arenas. Short-run forecasting of electricity prices has become necessary for power generation unit schedule, since it is the basis of every maximization strategy. This book fills a gap in the literature on this increasingly important topic. Following an introductory chapter offering background information necessary for a full understanding of the forecasting issues covered, this book: Introduces advanced methods of time series forecasting, as well as neural networks Provides in-depth coverage of state-of-the-art power system load forecasting and electricity price forecasting Addresses river flow forecasting based on autonomous neural network models Deals with price forecasting in a competitive market Includes estimation of post-storm restoration times for electric power distribution systems Features contributions from world-renowned experts sharing their insights and expertise in a series of self-contained chapters Advances in Electric Power and Energy Systems is a valuable resource for practicing engineers, regulators, planners, and consultants working in or concerned with the electric power industry. It is also a must read for senior undergraduates, graduate students, and researchers involved in power system planning and operation.

Economic Market Design and Planning for Electric Power Systems

Economic Market Design and Planning for Electric Power Systems Author James Momoh
ISBN-10 0470529156
Release 2009-11-19
Pages 300
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Discover cutting-edge developments in electric power systems Stemming from cutting-edge research and education activities in the field of electric power systems, this book brings together the knowledge of a panel of experts in economics, the social sciences, and electric power systems. In ten concise and comprehensible chapters, the book provides unprecedented coverage of the operation, control, planning, and design of electric power systems. It also discusses: A framework for interdisciplinary research and education Modeling electricity markets Alternative economic criteria and proactive planning for transmission investment in deregulated power systems Payment cost minimization with demand bids and partial capacity cost compensations for day-ahead electricity auctions Dynamic oligopolistic competition in an electric power network and impacts of infrastructure disruptions Reliability in monopolies and duopolies Building an efficient, reliable, and sustainable power system Risk-based power system planning integrating social and economic direct and indirect costs Models for transmission expansion planning based on reconfiguration capacitor switching Next-generation optimization for electric power systems Most chapters end with a bibliography, closing remarks, conclusions, or future work. Economic Market Design and Planning for Electric Power Systems is an indispensable reference for policy-makers, executives and engineers of electric utilities, university faculty members, and graduate students and researchers in control theory, electric power systems, economics, and the social sciences.

Operation of Market oriented Power Systems

Operation of Market oriented Power Systems Author Yong-Hua Song
ISBN-10 1852336706
Release 2003-07-31
Pages 443
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Internationally, the electric power industry is currently undergoing unprecedented reform. The deregulation of the electricity supply industry has introduced new opportunities for competition and has made the maintenance of economic and reliable supplies of electricity a tremendous challenge. Faced by an increasingly complicated existence, power utilities need efficient tools to ensure that electrical energy of the quality desired can be provided at the lowest possible cost. Operation of Market-oriented Power Systems provides effective computational tools for the efficient operation of restructured power systems covering all the major operational issues such as: • congestion management; • available transfer capability calculations; • price forecasting and optimal bidding strategies; • a review of international research and world-wide industrial practice covered in each chapter gives the reader a broader understanding of the state of the art in this exciting field. Operation of Market-oriented Power Systems will be a useful reference for professional engineers and researchers in the operation and control of modern power systems as all within the power industry face up to the changes required to provide safe, reliable and profitable electricity in an increasingly competitive market.

Power Grid Operation in a Market Environment

Power Grid Operation in a Market Environment Author Hong Chen
ISBN-10 9781118984543
Release 2016-11-14
Pages 288
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"This book examines both system operation and market operation perspectives, focusing on the interaction between the two. It incorporates up-to-date field experiences, presents challenges, and summarizes the latest theoretical advancements. The book id divided into four parts. The first part deals with the fundamentals of integrated system and market operations, including market power mitigation, market efficiency evaluation, and the implications of operation practices in electricity markets. The second part discusses developing technologies to strengthen the use of the grid in electricity markets. System volatility and economic impact introduced by the intermittency of wind and solar generation are also addressed. The third part focuses on stochastic applications, exploring new approaches of handling uncertainty in Security Constrained Unit Commitment (SCUC), as well as the reserves needed for power system operation. The fourth part presents ongoing efforts of utilizing transmission facilities to improve market efficiency, via transmission topology control, transmission switching, transmission outage scheduling, and advanced transmission technologies. [...]" (source : 4ème de couverture).

Electricity Markets and Power System Economics

Electricity Markets and Power System Economics Author Deqiang Gan
ISBN-10 9781466501706
Release 2013-11-12
Pages 220
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After the first power plant in history was commissioned for commercial operation by Thomas Edison on Pearl Street in New York in 1882, electricity was sold as a consumer product at market prices. After a period of rapid development, electricity had become such a fundamental product that regulation was believed to be necessary. Since then, the power industry had been considered a natural monopoly and undergone periods of tight regulation. Deregulation started in the early 1980s and as a result, most developed countries run their power industries using a market approach. With the theories and rules of electricity markets developing rapidly, it is often difficult for beginners to start learning and difficult for those in the field to keep up. Bringing together information previously scattered among various journals and scholarly articles, Electricity Markets and Power System Economics provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of development in the electricity market. It introduces the fundamental principles of power system operation so that even those with a basic understanding can benefit from the book. The book includes a series of consistent mathematical models of market operation of power systems, and original cases with solutions. Systematically describing the basic building blocks of electricity market theory, the book provides a guide to underlying theory and mainstream market rules.

Electric Energy Systems

Electric Energy Systems Author Antonio Gomez Exposito
ISBN-10 1420007270
Release 2016-04-19
Pages 664
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As demonstrated by recent major blackouts, power grids and their associated markets play a vital role in the operation of our society. Understanding how electric generation, transmission, and delivery systems interact and operate is paramount to guaranteeing reliable sources of electricity. Electric Energy Systems offers highly comprehensive and detailed coverage of power systems operations, uniquely integrating technical and economic analyses. The book fully develops classical subjects such as load flow, short-circuit analysis, and economic dispatch within the context of the new deregulated, competitive electricity markets. With contributions from 24 internationally recognized specialists in power engineering, the text also presents a wide range of advanced topics including harmonic load flow, state estimation, and voltage and frequency control as well as electromagnetic transients, fault analysis, and angle stability. A well-needed and updated extension on classical power systems analysis books, Electric Energy Systems provides an in-depth analysis of the most relevant issues affecting the blood-line of our society, the generation and transmission systems for electric energy.

Restructured Electrical Power Systems

Restructured Electrical Power Systems Author Mohammad Shahidehpour
ISBN-10 9781351830782
Release 2017-12-21
Pages 536
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An examination of key issues in electric utilities restructuring. It covers: electric utility markets in and out of the USA; the Open Access Same-time Information System; tagging transactions; trading energy; hedging tools for managing risks in various markets; pricing volatility, risk and forecasting; regional transmission organization; and more. The text contains acronyms, a contract specifications sample, examples, and nearly 500 bibliographic citations, tables, and drawings.

Power System Operations

Power System Operations Author Antonio J. Conejo
ISBN-10 9783319694078
Release 2017-12-05
Pages 296
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This textbook provides a detailed description of operation problems in power systems, including power system modeling, power system steady-state operations, power system state estimation, and electricity markets. The book provides an appropriate blend of theoretical background and practical applications, which are developed as working algorithms, coded in Octave (or Matlab) and GAMS environments. This feature strengthens the usefulness of the book for both students and practitioners. Students will gain an insightful understanding of current power system operation problems in engineering, including: (i) the formulation of decision-making models, (ii) the familiarization with efficient solution algorithms for such models, and (iii) insights into these problems through the detailed analysis of numerous illustrative examples. The authors use a modern, “building-block” approach to solving complex problems, making the topic accessible to students with limited background in power systems. Solved examples are used to introduce new concepts and each chapter ends with a set of exercises.

Electrical Power System Essentials

Electrical Power System Essentials Author Pieter Schavemaker
ISBN-10 9781118803455
Release 2017-05-08
Pages 424
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The electrical power supply is about to change; future generation will increasingly take place in and near local neighborhoods with diminishing reliance on distant power plants. The existing grid is not adapted for this purpose as it is largely a remnant from the 20th century. Can the grid be transformed into an intelligent and flexible grid that is future proof? This revised edition of Electrical Power System Essentials contains not only an accessible, broad and up-to-date overview of alternating current (AC) power systems, but also end-of-chapter exercises in every chapter, aiding readers in their understanding of the material introduced. With an original approach the book covers the generation of electric energy from thermal power plants as from renewable energy sources and treats the incorporation of power electronic devices and FACTS. Throughout there are examples and case studies that back up the theory or techniques presented. The authors set out information on mathematical modelling and equations in appendices rather than integrated in the main text. This unique approach distinguishes it from other text books on Electrical Power Systems and makes the resource highly accessible for undergraduate students and readers without a technical background directly related to power engineering. After laying out the basics for a steady-state analysis of the three-phase power system, the book examines: generation, transmission, distribution, and utilization of electric energy wind energy, solar energy and hydro power power system protection and circuit breakers power system control and operation the organization of electricity markets and the changes currently taking place system blackouts future developments in power systems, HVDC connections and smart grids The book is supplemented by a companion website from which teaching materials can be downloaded.

Grid Integration of Electric Vehicles in Open Electricity Markets

Grid Integration of Electric Vehicles in Open Electricity Markets Author Qiuwei Wu
ISBN-10 9781118568019
Release 2013-05-23
Pages 312
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Presenting the policy drivers, benefits and challenges for grid integration of electric vehicles (EVs) in the open electricity market environment, this book provides a comprehensive overview of existing electricity markets and demonstrates how EVs are integrated into these different markets and power systems. Unlike other texts, this book analyses EV integration in parallel with electricity market design, showing the interaction between EVs and differing electricity markets. Future regulating power market and distribution system operator (DSO) market design is covered, with up-to-date case studies and examples to help readers carry out similar projects across the world. With in-depth analysis, this book describes: the impact of EV charging and discharging on transmission and distribution networks market-driven EV congestion management techniques, for example the day-ahead tariff based congestion management scenario within electric distribution networks optimal EV charging management with the fleet operator concept and smart charging management EV battery technology, modelling and tests the use of EVs for balancing power fluctuations from renewable energy sources, looking at power system operation support, including frequency reserve, power regulation and voltage support An accessible technical book for power engineers and grid/distributed systems operators, this also serves as a reference text for researchers in the area of EVs and power systems. It provides distribution companies with the knowledge they need when facing the challenges introduced by large scale EV deployment, and demonstrates how transmission system operators (TSOs) can develop the existing system service market in order to fully utilize the potential of EV flexibility. With thorough coverage of the technologies for EV integration, this volume is informative for research professors and graduate students in power systems; it will also appeal to EV manufacturers, regulators, EV market professionals, energy providers and traders, mobility providers, EV charging station companies, and policy makers.

Operation of Restructured Power Systems

Operation of Restructured Power Systems Author Kankar Bhattacharya
ISBN-10 9781461514657
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 311
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Deregulation is a fairly new paradigm in the electric power industry. And just as in the case of other industries where it has been introduced, the goal of deregulation is to enhance competition and bring consumers new choices and economic benefits. The process has, obviously, necessitated reformulation of established models of power system operation and control activities. Similarly, issues such as system reliability, control, security and power quality in this new environment have come in for scrutiny and debate. In this book, we attempt to present a comprehensive overview of the deregulation process that has developed till now, focussing on the operation aspects. As of now, restructured electricity markets have been established in various degrees and forms in many countries. This book comes at a time when the deregulation process is poised to undergo further rapid advancements. It is envisaged that the reader will benefit by way of an enhanced understanding of power system operations in the conventional vertically integrated environment vis-a-vis the deregulated environment. The book is aimed at a wide range of audience- electric utility personnel involved in scheduling, dispatch, grid operations and related activities, personnel involved in energy trading businesses and electricity markets, institutions involved in energy sector financing. Power engineers, energy economists, researchers in utilities and universities should find the treatment of mathematical models as well as emphasis on recent research work helpful.

Power System Economic and Market Operations

Power System Economic and Market Operations Author Jin Zhong
ISBN-10 9781351180054
Release 2018-01-12
Pages 237
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Power system operation is one of the important issues in the power industry. The book aims to provide readers with the methods and algorithms to save the total cost in electricity generation and transmission. It begins with traditional power systems and builds into the fundamentals of power system operation, economic dispatch (ED), optimal power flow (OPF), and unit commitment (UC). The book covers electricity pricing mechanisms, such as nodal pricing and zonal pricing, based on Security-Constrained ED (SCED) or SCUC. The operation of energy market and ancillary service market are also explored.

Fundamentals of Power System Economics

Fundamentals of Power System Economics Author Daniel S. Kirschen
ISBN-10 9781119213253
Release 2018-07-04
Pages 344
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A new edition of the classic text explaining the fundamentals of competitive electricity markets—now updated to reflect the evolution of these markets and the large scale deployment of generation from renewable energy sources The introduction of competition in the generation and retail of electricity has changed the ways in which power systems function. The design and operation of successful competitive electricity markets requires a sound understanding of both power systems engineering and underlying economic principles of a competitive market. This extensively revised and updated edition of the classic text on power system economics explains the basic economic principles underpinning the design, operation, and planning of modern power systems in a competitive environment. It also discusses the economics of renewable energy sources in electricity markets, the provision of incentives, and the cost of integrating renewables in the grid. Fundamentals of Power System Economics, Second Edition looks at the fundamental concepts of microeconomics, organization, and operation of electricity markets, market participants’ strategies, operational reliability and ancillary services, network congestion and related LMP and transmission rights, transmission investment, and generation investment. It also expands the chapter on generation investments—discussing capacity mechanisms in more detail and the need for capacity markets aimed at ensuring that enough generation capacity is available when renewable energy sources are not producing due to lack of wind or sun. Retains the highly praised first edition’s focus and philosophy on the principles of competitive electricity markets and application of basic economics to power system operating and planning Includes an expanded chapter on power system operation that addresses the challenges stemming from the integration of renewable energy sources Addresses the need for additional flexibility and its provision by conventional generation, demand response, and energy storage Discusses the effects of the increased uncertainty on system operation Broadens its coverage of transmission investment and generation investment Updates end-of-chapter problems and accompanying solutions manual Fundamentals of Power System Economics, Second Edition is essential reading for graduate and undergraduate students, professors, practicing engineers, as well as all others who want to understand how economics and power system engineering interact.