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Practical mathematics in a commercial metropolis

Practical mathematics in a commercial metropolis Author Ad Meskens
ISBN-10 9789400757219
Release 2013-03-12
Pages 258
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Describes the development and the ultimate demise of the practice of mathematics in sixteenth century Antwerp. Against the background of the violent history of the Religious Wars the story of the practice of mathematics in Antwerp is told through the lives of two protagonists Michiel Coignet and Peeter Heyns. The book touches on all aspects of practical mathematics from teaching and instrument making to the practice of building fortifications of the practice of navigation.​



Exploring Classical Greek Construction Problems with Interactive Geometry Software

Exploring Classical Greek Construction Problems with Interactive Geometry Software Author Ad Meskens
ISBN-10 9783319428635
Release 2017-03-01
Pages 186
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In this book the classical Greek construction problems are explored in a didactical, enquiry based fashion using Interactive Geometry Software (IGS). The book traces the history of these problems, stating them in modern terminology. By focusing on constructions and the use of IGS the reader is confronted with the same problems that ancient mathematicians once faced. The reader can step into the footsteps of Euclid, Viète and Cusanus amongst others and then by experimenting and discovering geometric relationships far exceed their accomplishments. Exploring these problems with the neusis-method lets him discover a class of interesting curves. By experimenting he will gain a deeper understanding of how mathematics is created. More than 100 exercises guide him through methods which were developed to try and solve the problems. The exercises are at the level of undergraduate students and only require knowledge of elementary Euclidean geometry and pre-calculus algebra. It is especially well-suited for those students who are thinking of becoming a mathematics teacher and for mathematics teachers.



A Short Account of the History of Mathematics

A Short Account of the History of Mathematics Author Walter William Rouse Ball
ISBN-10 UOM:39015065517024
Release 1908
Pages 522
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A Short Account of the History of Mathematics has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from A Short Account of the History of Mathematics also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full A Short Account of the History of Mathematics book for free.



Scribes and Scholars

Scribes and Scholars Author L. D. Reynolds
ISBN-10 9780199686339
Release 2013-11
Pages 325
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It explores how the texts from classical Greece and Rome have survived and gives an account of the reasons why it was thought worthwhile to preserve them for future generations. In this 4th edition adjustments have been made to the text and the notes have been revised in order to take account of advances in scholarship over the last twenty years.



The Roman Market Economy

The Roman Market Economy Author Peter Temin
ISBN-10 9780691147680
Release 2013
Pages 299
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"The study of ancient economies has for many generations been a fiercely debated field. Peter Temin has produced a book that will in many ways foster renewed energy in this great debate. What is of special value here is his economic analysis, including the use of regressions to show that price movements in the Roman provinces must be linked to those in Rome itself, and that the Roman economy, therefore, was a market economy. Whether one agrees or not with this basic conclusion, the framing of the evidence will alter the terms of the debate, and not just for the Roman economy but for Hellenistic economies as well. The book is a must-read for all economic historians and will surely become one of the most widely read books on the ancient economy."--J. G. Manning, Yale University "Peter Temin's fascinating book deploys the techniques of economic analysis to understand the nature of Roman trade, markets, and transactions, and definitively challenges the view of the Roman Empire as a 'primitive' economy. Stressing the importance of markets, trade, commerce, and banking, and emphasizing their prominence in the evidence from ancient texts and archaeology, Temin offers a sophisticated account of Rome's economic institutions and practices that fundamentally revises and enriches our understanding of the prosperity and the decline of this major imperial power."--Alan K. Bowman, University of Oxford "This is a very important book, and I know of no other quite like it. Temin's scholarship promotes and illustrates the relevance of economic theory to the study of Roman history. "The Roman Market Economy" contains plenty of claims that are controversial, but that's what will energize the debate."--Walter Scheidel, coeditor of "The Oxford Handbook of Roman Studies" "Economic historians have actively studied medieval and early modern Europe for decades, but few have ventured back as far as Peter Temin does here. He demonstrates that economic arguments apply just as well to the ancient world, and that even quite general propositions can be tested against evidence from antiquity."--Francois R. Velde, coauthor of "The Big Problem of Small Change" "



Mathematical Practitioners and the Transformation of Natural Knowledge in Early Modern Europe

Mathematical Practitioners and the Transformation of Natural Knowledge in Early Modern Europe Author Lesley B. Cormack
ISBN-10 9783319494302
Release 2017-04-13
Pages 203
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This book argues that we can only understand transformations of nature studies in the Scientific Revolution if we take seriously the interaction between practitioners (those who know by doing) and scholars (those who know by thinking). These are not in opposition, however. Theory and practice are end points on a continuum, with some participants interested only in the practical, others only in the theoretical, and most in the murky intellectual and material world in between. It is this borderland where influence, appropriation, and collaboration have the potential to lead to new methods, new subjects of enquiry, and new social structures of natural philosophy and science. The case for connection between theory and practice can be most persuasively drawn in the area of mathematics, which is the focus of this book. Practical mathematics was a growing field in early modern Europe and these essays are organised into three parts which contribute to the debate about the role of mathematical practice in the Scientific Revolution. First, they demonstrate the variability of the identity of practical mathematicians, and of the practices involved in their activities in early modern Europe. Second, readers are invited to consider what practical mathematics looked like and that although practical mathematical knowledge was transmitted and circulated in a wide variety of ways, participants were able to recognize them all as practical mathematics. Third, the authors show how differences and nuances in practical mathematics typically depended on the different contexts in which it was practiced: social, cultural, political, and economic particularities matter. Historians of science, especially those interested in the Scientific Revolution period and the history of mathematics will find this book and its ground-breaking approach of particular interest.



The Rise of the West

The Rise of the West Author William H. McNeill
ISBN-10 0226561615
Release 2009-07-30
Pages 860
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The Rise of the West, winner of the National Book Award for history in 1964, is famous for its ambitious scope and intellectual rigor. In it, McNeill challenges the Spengler-Toynbee view that a number of separate civilizations pursued essentially independent careers, and argues instead that human cultures interacted at every stage of their history. The author suggests that from the Neolithic beginnings of grain agriculture to the present major social changes in all parts of the world were triggered by new or newly important foreign stimuli, and he presents a persuasive narrative of world history to support this claim. In a retrospective essay titled "The Rise of the West after Twenty-five Years," McNeill shows how his book was shaped by the time and place in which it was written (1954-63). He discusses how historiography subsequently developed and suggests how his portrait of the world's past in The Rise of the West should be revised to reflect these changes. "This is not only the most learned and the most intelligent, it is also the most stimulating and fascinating book that has ever set out to recount and explain the whole history of mankind. . . . To read it is a great experience. It leaves echoes to reverberate, and seeds to germinate in the mind."—H. R. Trevor-Roper, New York Times Book Review



Technics and Civilization

Technics and Civilization Author Lewis Mumford
ISBN-10 9780226550275
Release 2010-10-30
Pages 495
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Technics and Civilization first presented its compelling history of the machine and critical study of its effects on civilization in 1934—before television, the personal computer, and the Internet even appeared on our periphery. Drawing upon art, science, philosophy, and the history of culture, Lewis Mumford explained the origin of the machine age and traced its social results, asserting that the development of modern technology had its roots in the Middle Ages rather than the Industrial Revolution. Mumford sagely argued that it was the moral, economic, and political choices we made, not the machines that we used, that determined our then industrially driven economy. Equal parts powerful history and polemic criticism, Technics and Civilization was the first comprehensive attempt in English to portray the development of the machine age over the last thousand years—and to predict the pull the technological still holds over us today. “The questions posed in the first paragraph of Technics and Civilization still deserve our attention, nearly three quarters of a century after they were written.”—Journal of Technology and Culture



Abraham De Moivre

Abraham De Moivre Author David R. Bellhouse
ISBN-10 9781439865781
Release 2011-10-19
Pages 266
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Extensively researched, this book traces the life and work of Abraham De Moivre as well as the state of probability and statistics in eighteenth-century Britain. It is the first extensive biography of De Moivre and is based on recently discovered material and translations, including some of De Moivre’s letters. The book begins with discussions on De Moivre’s early life in France and his initial work in pure mathematics with some excursions into celestial mechanics. It then describes his fundamental contributions to probability theory and applications, including those in finance and actuarial science. The author explores how De Moivre’s wide network of personal and professional connections often motivated his research. The book also covers De Moivre’s contemporaries and his impact on the field. Written in a clear, approachable style, this biography will appeal to historians and practitioners of the art of probability and statistics in a wide range of applications, including finance and actuarial science.



The Story of Utopias

The Story of Utopias Author Lewis Mumford
ISBN-10 HARVARD:HNQHE5
Release 1922
Pages 315
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The Story of Utopias has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Story of Utopias also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Story of Utopias book for free.



Mathematics in Western Culture

Mathematics in Western Culture Author Morris Kline
ISBN-10 0195345452
Release 1964-12-31
Pages 512
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This book gives a remarkably fine account of the influences mathematics has exerted on the development of philosophy, the physical sciences, religion, and the arts in Western life.



A History of Mathematical Notations

A History of Mathematical Notations Author Florian Cajori
ISBN-10 9780486161167
Release 2013-09-26
Pages 848
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This classic study notes the first appearance of a mathematical symbol and its origin, the competition it encountered, its spread among writers in different countries, its rise to popularity, its eventual decline or ultimate survival. The author’s coverage of obsolete notations — and what we can learn from them — is as comprehensive as those which have survived and still enjoy favor. Originally published in 1929 in a two-volume edition, this monumental work is presented here in one volume.



Fictions of the Pose

Fictions of the Pose Author Harry Berger
ISBN-10 0804733244
Release 2000
Pages 624
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This lavishly illustrated reading of the structure and meaning of portraiture asks what happens when portraits are interpreted as imitations or likenesses not only of individuals but also of their acts of posing. Includes 84 illustrations, 40 in color.



Defending Hypatia

Defending Hypatia Author Robert Goulding
ISBN-10 9048135427
Release 2010-06-09
Pages 5
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Why should mathematics, the purest of sciences, have a history? Medieval mathematicians took little interest in the history of their discipline. Yet in the Renaissance the history of mathematics flourished. This book explores how Renaissance scholars recovered and reconstructed the origins of mathematics by tracing its invention in prehistoric Antiquity, its development by the Greeks, and its transmission to modern Europe via the works of Euclid, Theon and Proclus. The principal architects of this story -- the French philosopher and University of Paris reformer Peter Ramus, and his critic, the young Oxford astronomy lecturer Henry Savile – worked out diametrically opposed models for the development of the mathematical arts, models of historical progress and decline which mirrored each scholar’s larger convictions about the nature of mathematical thinking, the purpose of the modern university, and the potential of the human mind. In their hands, the obscure story of mathematical history became a site of contention over some of the most pressing philosophical and pedagogical debates of the sixteenth century.



Mathematical Recreations and Essays

Mathematical Recreations and Essays Author Walter William Rouse Ball
ISBN-10 9780486253572
Release 1987
Pages 428
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This classic work offers scores of stimulating, mind-expanding games and puzzles: arithmetical and geometrical problems, chessboard recreations, magic squares, map-coloring problems, cryptography and cryptanalysis, much more. "A must to add to your mathematics library" ? The Mathematics Teacher. Index. References for Further Study. Includes 150 black-and-white line illustrations.



The Oxford Handbook of the History of Mathematics

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Mathematics Author Eleanor Robson
ISBN-10 9780199213122
Release 2009
Pages 918
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Comprising thirty-six self-contained, multifaceted chapters structured around methodological issues in the history of mathematics, this Handbook aims to be exemplary rather than exhaustive by taking a new look at what mathematics has been in history, and what it means to write history of mathematics. It provides a picture of the discipline that reflects the scholarship of recent decades, stating open problems and thus helping toset agendas for subsequent research. Aimed at a broad academic audience including mathematicians, historians of science, and general historians, the relevance of each subject to general history is stressed, and specific linksmade to the wider academic literature.



A Concise History of Mathematics

A Concise History of Mathematics Author Dirk J. Struik
ISBN-10 9780486138886
Release 2012-06-28
Pages 256
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Compact, well-written survey ranges from the ancient Near East to 20th-century computer theory, covering Archimedes, Pascal, Gauss, Hilbert, and many others. "A work which is unquestionably one of the best." — Nature.