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Preventing Crime and Violence

Preventing Crime and Violence Author Brent Teasdale
ISBN-10 9783319441245
Release 2016-11-29
Pages 388
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This insightful volume integrates criminological theories, prevention science, and empirical findings to create an up-to-date survey of crime prevention research and strategies. Its interdisciplinary perspective expands on our knowledge of risk factors to isolate the malleable mechanisms that produce criminal outcomes, and can therefore be targeted for intervention. In addition, the text identifies developmental, lifespan, and social areas for effective intervention. Reviews of family-, community-, and criminal justice-based crime prevention approaches not only detail a wide gamut of successful techniques, but also provide evidence for why they succeed. And as an extra research dimension, the book’s chapters on methodological issues and challenges uncover rich possibilities for the next generation of crime prevention studies. Included in the coverage: Integrating criminology and prevention research Social disorganization theory: its history and relevance to crime prevention Research designs in crime and violence prevention Macro- and micro-approaches to crime prevention and intervention programs Implications of life course: approaches for prevention science Promising avenues for prevention, including confronting sexual victimization on college campuses Spotlighting current progress and continuing evolution of the field, Preventing Crime and Violence will enhance the work of researchers, practitioners, academicians, and policymakers in public health, prevention science, criminology, and criminal justice, as well as students interested in criminology and criminal justice.



Preventing Crime

Preventing Crime Author Brandon C. Welsh
ISBN-10 9780387691695
Release 2007-08-09
Pages 244
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This book examines evidence-based crime prevention through the use of the rigorous methodology of systematic reviews. It brings together the leading scientific evidence on what works best for a wide range of interventions organized around four important domains in criminology: at-risk children, offenders, victims, and places. It is an indispensable guide to the leading scientific evidence on what works best to prevent crime.



Global Perspectives on Crime Prevention and Community Resilience

Global Perspectives on Crime Prevention and Community Resilience Author Diana Scharff Peterson
ISBN-10 9781315351476
Release 2017-11-02
Pages 340
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Inspired by the dialogue between practitioners and academics of nearly thirty countries, this edited volume includes updated articles on global crime prevention initiatives and best practices in building community resilience presented at the International Police Executive Symposium’s (IPES) 25th annual meeting in Sofia, Bulgaria in 2014. A new book in the highly-regarded IPES Co-Publications series, Global Perspectives on Crime Prevention and Community Resilience offers strategies for crime and violence prevention and community initiatives for crime reduction, while promoting current best practices for police effectiveness, safety, and professionalism. The book includes eighteen chapters from police leaders, practitioners and academics around the world in efforts to demonstrate effective strategies for the prevention of crime and innovative techniques in assisting crime victims. In an increasingly global reality, this text gives voice to valuable members of the international policing community.



Understanding and Preventing Violence Volume 3

Understanding and Preventing Violence  Volume 3 Author Panel on the Understanding and Control of Violent Behavior
ISBN-10 9780309050807
Release 1994-01-01
Pages 592
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This volume examines social influences on violent events and violent behavior, particularly concentrating on how the risks of violent criminal offending and victimization are influenced by communities, social situations, and individuals; the role of spouses and intimates; the differences in violence levels between males and females; and the roles of psychoactive substances in violent events.



The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention Author Brandon C. Welsh
ISBN-10 9780199396696
Release 2014-06-18
Pages 560
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How can a society prevent-not deter, not punish-but prevent crime? Criminal justice prevention, commonly called crime control, aims to prevent crime after an initial offence has been commited through anything from an arrest to a death penalty sentence. These traditional means have been frequently examined and their efficacy just as frequently questioned. Promising new forms of crime prevention have emerged and expanded as important components of an overall strategy to reduce crime. Crime prevention today has developed along three lines: interventions to improve the life chances of children and prevent them from embarking on a life of crime; programs and policies designed to ameliorate the social conditions and institutions that influence offending; and the modification or manipulation of the physical environment, products, or systems to reduce everyday opportunities for crime. Each strategy aims at preventing crime or criminal offending in the first instance - before the act has been committed. Each, importantly, takes place outside of the formal criminal justice system, representing an alternative, perhaps even socially progressive way to reduce crime. The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention is a comprehensive, up-to-date, and authoritative review of research on crime prevention. Bringing together top scholars in criminology, public policy, psychology, and sociology, this Handbook includes critical reviews of the main theories that form the basis of crime prevention, evidence-based assessments of the effectiveness of the most important interventions, and cross-cutting essays that examine implementation, evaluation methodology, and public policy. Covering the three major crime prevention strategies active today-developmental, community, and situational-this definitive volume addresses seriously and critically the ways in which the United States and the Western world have attempted, and should continue to strive for the of crime.



Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention

Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention Author Bonnie S. Fisher
ISBN-10 9781412960472
Release 2010-02-02
Pages 1174
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Victimology and crime prevention are growing, interrelated areas cutting across several disciplines. Victimology examines victims of all sorts of criminal activity, from domestic abuse, to street violence, to victims in the workplace who lose jobs and pensions due to malfeasance by corporate executives. Crime prevention is an important companion to victimology because it offers insight and techniques to prevent situations that lead to crime and attempts to offer ideas and means for mitigating or minimizing the potential for victimization. .In many ways, the two fields have developed along parallel yet separate paths, and the literature on both has been scattered across disciplines as varied as sociology, law and criminology, public health and medicine, political science and public policy, economics, psychology and human services, and more. The Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention provides a comprehensive reference work bringing together such dispersed knowledge as it outlines and discusses the status of victims within the criminal justice system and topics of deterring and preventing victimization in the first place and responding to victims' needs. Two volumes containing approximately 375 signed entries provide users with the most authoritative and comprehensive reference resource available on victimology and crime prevention, both in terms of breadth and depth of coverage. In addition to standard entries, leading scholars in the field have contributed Anchor Essays that, in broad strokes, provide starting points for investigating the more salient victimology and crime prevention topics. A representative sampling of general topic areas covered includes: interpersonal and domestic violence, child maltreatment, and elder abuse; street violence; hate crimes and terrorism; treatment of victims by the media, courts, police, and politicians; community response to crime victims; physical design for crime prevention; victims of nonviolent crimes; deterrence and prevention; helping and counseling crime victims; international and comparative perspectives, and more.



Crime Prevention in the 21st Century

Crime Prevention in the 21st Century Author Benoit LeClerc
ISBN-10 9783319277936
Release 2016-08-27
Pages 396
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This volume brings together a series of original contributions made by international experts dedicated to guiding efforts in preventing crime. The collection is divided into seven sections that cover cutting edge approaches to crime prevention: 1) the offenders’ perspective on crime prevention 2) crime script analysis 3) crime mapping and spatial analysis 4) social network analysis 5) agent-based modelling 6) crime-proofing legislations 7) technologies of crime prevention Each section includes one theoretical chapter to introduce the research approach followed by a series of empirical/applied contributions. The theoretical chapter aims to introduce and explain the approach of interest and discusses under which circumstances this strategy could best assist crime prevention. The objective of empirical/applied contributions is simply to showcase how these approaches can be apply. This collection can be seen as the end result of the convergence of novel ideas and analytical skills in the area of crime and crime prevention worldwide. It will be of interest to researchers in Criminology and Criminal Justice, as well as related fields like Sociology and Psychology, Security, Urban Planning, and Public Policy.



Violence in America s Schools

Violence in America s Schools Author Robert Murray Thomas
ISBN-10 0275993299
Release 2006
Pages 258
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Introduces readers to the varieties of violence in schools and addresses methods for understanding, preventing, and treating both offenders and victims.



The Anatomy of Violence

The Anatomy of Violence Author Adrian Raine
ISBN-10 9780307475619
Release 2014
Pages 478
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A criminologist who specializes in the neurological and biosocial bases of antisocial and violent behavior explains how impairments to areas of the brain that control fear, decision-making, and empathy can increase the likelihood of criminal activity.



Policies to prevent crime

Policies to prevent crime Author Lynn A. Curtis
ISBN-10 PSU:000030333987
Release 1987
Pages 223
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Policies to prevent crime has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Policies to prevent crime also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Policies to prevent crime book for free.



Honor Based Violence

Honor Based Violence Author Karl Anton Roberts
ISBN-10 9781466556676
Release 2013-11-25
Pages 227
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Honor-based violence (HBV) is a crime committed to protect or defend the honor of a family and/or a community. It is usually triggered by the victim’s behavior, which the family and/or community regards as causing offense or dishonor. HBV has existed for thousands of years but has only very recently become a focus of law enforcement, policy makers, and statutory and non-statutory agencies. A volume in the CRC Press Advances in Police Theory and Practice Series, Honor-Based Violence: Policing and Prevention is designed to assist all those who confront these crimes in understanding what HBV is, how it can be recognized, and how we can support the victims, families, and communities that experience it. Topics include: An overview of what is known about the psychological and cultural factors relevant to understanding of HBV Gaps in current knowledge and the strengths and weaknesses of various investigative and management strategies Factors related to risk assessment of HBV Best practices, based on the authors’ experience, for individuals involved in all levels of policing HBV—from first responders to those involved in strategic management How working in partnership with multiple agencies can reduce risk, support investigations, and help protect victims The importance of sensitivity toward differences in race, culture, and religion The research and best practices are drawn largely from the work done by the Violent Crime Directorate of the Metropolitan Police Service (London, UK) managed by authors Gerry Campbell and Glen Lloyd. The accessible style of this text makes it a valuable resource for law enforcement and policing professionals who investigate these crimes and a suitable textbook for policing and criminal justice courses.



Stop the Violence in Latin America

Stop the Violence in Latin America Author Laura Chioda
ISBN-10 9781464806650
Release 2017-06-19
Pages 422
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The Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region has the undesirable distinction of being the world's most violent region, with 24.7 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants. The magnitude of the problem is staggering and persistent. Of the top 50 most violent cities in the world, 42 are in LAC. In 2010 alone, 142,302 people in LAC fell victim to homicide, representing 390 homicides per day and 4.06 homicides every 15 minutes. Crime disproportionately affects young men aged 20 to 24, whose homicide rate of 92 per 100,000 nearly quadruples that of the region. The focus of Crime Prevention in Latin America and the Caribben is to identify policy interventions that, whether by design or indirect effect, have been shown to affect antisocial behavior early in life and patterns of criminal offending in youth and adults. Particular attention is devoted to recent studies that rigorously establish a causal link between the interventions in question and outcomes. This publication adopts a lifecycle perspective and argues that as individuals progress through different stages of the lifecycle, not only do different sets of risk factors arise and take more prominence, but their interactions and interdependencies shape human behavior. These interactions and the relative importance of different sets of risk factors identify relevant margins that can effectively be targeted by prevention policies, not only early in life, but throughout the lifecycle. Indeed prevention can never start too early, nor start too late, nor be too comprehensive.



Preventing Violence

Preventing Violence Author James Gilligan
ISBN-10 9780500770566
Release 2001-07-17
Pages 144
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In this controversial and compassionate book, the distinguished psychiatrist James Gilligan proposes a radically new way of thinking about violence and how to prevent it. Violence is most often addressed in moral and legal terms: "How evil is this action, and how much punishment does it deserve?" Unfortunately, this way of thinking, the basis for our legal and political institutions, does nothing to shed light on the causes of violence. Violent criminals have been Gilligan's teachers, and he has been their student. Prisons are microcosms of the societies in which they exist, and by examining them in detail, we can learn about society as a whole. Gilligan suggests treating violence as a public health problem. He advocates initiating radical social and economic change to attack the root causes of violence, focusing on those at increased risk of becoming violent, and dealing with those who are already violent as if they were in quarantine rather than in constraint for their punishment and for society's revenge. The twentieth century was steeped in violence. If we attempt to understand the violence of individuals, we may come to prevent the collective violence that threatens our future far more than all the individual crimes put together.



Crime Prevention

Crime Prevention Author David Mackey
ISBN-10 9781449615932
Release 2012-01-02
Pages 440
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Crime Prevention text is written for courses within a criminal justice or sociology curriculum. Co-Editor and author, David Mackey begins by emphasizing the importance of crime prevention as it relates to financial and social costs and introduces students to the theoretical models of crime prevention. The subsequent order of the chapters parallels the medical model of crime prevention moving from primary crime prevention, secondary crime prevention, and tertiary crime prevention efforts. Traditional areas of crime prevention are reflected in the chapters on family/schools, guns, policing, sentencing, and correctional programs, and additional chapters cover emerging areas now considered critical to crime prevention, such as technology, surveillance, and specific efforts to protect more vulnerable populations. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.



Preventing Violence and Crime in America s Schools

Preventing Violence and Crime in America s Schools Author William L. Lassiter
ISBN-10 0313353964
Release 2009
Pages 227
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A thorough overview of violence and crime in America's schools explores which solutions work and which don't, providing a framework for prevention at every level. * 7 tables, 3 figures * Bibliography



Deterrence and Crime Prevention

Deterrence and Crime Prevention Author David M. Kennedy
ISBN-10 9781135976309
Release 2012-08-06
Pages 208
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Deterrence is at the heart of the preventive aspiration of criminal justice. Deterrence, whether through preventive patrol by police officers or stiff prison sentences for violent offenders, is the principal mechanism through which the central feature of criminal justice, the exercise of state authority, works – it is hoped -- to diminish offending and enhance public safety. And however well we think deterrence works, it clearly often does not work nearly as well as we would like – and often at very great cost. Drawing on a wide range of scholarly literatures and real-world experience, Kennedy argues that we should reframe the ways in which we think about and produce deterrence. He argues that many of the ways in which we seek to deter crime in fact facilitate offending; that simple steps such as providing clear information to offenders could transform deterrence; that communities may be far more effective than legal authorities in deterring crime; that apparently minor sanctions can deter more effectively than draconian ones; that groups, rather than individual offenders, should often be the focus of deterrence; that existing legal tools can be used in unusual but greatly more effective ways; that even serious offenders can be reached through deliberate moral engagement; and that authorities, communities, and offenders – no matter how divided – share and can occupy hidden common ground. The result is a sophisticated but ultimately common-sense and profoundly hopeful case that we can and should use new deterrence strategies to address some of our most important crime problems. Drawing on and expanding on the lessons of groundbreaking real-world work like Boston’s Operation Ceasefire – credited with the "Boston Miracle" of the 1990s – "Deterrence and Crime Prevention" is required reading for scholars, law enforcement practitioners, and all with an interest in public safety and the health of communities.



Crime Prevention

Crime Prevention Author Rick Arrington
ISBN-10 0763741302
Release 2006
Pages 242
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Law Enforcement, Policing, & Security