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Principal Bundles

Principal Bundles Author Stephen Bruce Sontz
ISBN-10 9783319147659
Release 2015-04-27
Pages 280
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This introductory graduate level text provides a relatively quick path to a special topic in classical differential geometry: principal bundles. While the topic of principal bundles in differential geometry has become classic, even standard, material in the modern graduate mathematics curriculum, the unique approach taken in this text presents the material in a way that is intuitive for both students of mathematics and of physics. The goal of this book is to present important, modern geometric ideas in a form readily accessible to students and researchers in both the physics and mathematics communities, providing each with an understanding and appreciation of the language and ideas of the other.



Principal Bundles

Principal Bundles Author Stephen Bruce Sontz
ISBN-10 9783319158297
Release 2015-04-20
Pages 350
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This introductory text is the first book about quantum principal bundles and their quantum connections which are natural generalizations to non-commutative geometry of principal bundles and their connections in differential geometry. To make for a more self-contained book there is also much background material on Hopf algebras, (covariant) differential calculi, braid groups and compatible conjugation operations. The approach is slow paced and intuitive in order to provide researchers and students in both mathematics and physics ready access to the material.



Geometric Invariant Theory and Decorated Principal Bundles

Geometric Invariant Theory and Decorated Principal Bundles Author Alexander H. W. Schmitt
ISBN-10 3037190655
Release 2008-01-01
Pages 389
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The book starts with an introduction to Geometric Invariant Theory (GIT). The fundamental results of Hilbert and Mumford are exposed as well as more recent topics such as the instability flag, the finiteness of the number of quotients, and the variation of quotients. In the second part, GIT is applied to solve the classification problem of decorated principal bundles on a compact Riemann surface. The solution is a quasi-projective moduli scheme which parameterizes those objects that satisfy a semistability condition originating from gauge theory. The moduli space is equipped with a generalized Hitchin map. Via the usual Kobayshi-Hitchin correspondence, these moduli spaces are related to moduli spaces of solutions of certain vortex type equations. Potential applications include the study of represenation spaces of the fundamental group of compact Riemann surfaces.



Compact Riemann Surfaces

Compact Riemann Surfaces Author Jürgen Jost
ISBN-10 9783662034460
Release 2013-04-17
Pages 295
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This book is novel in its broad perspective on Riemann surfaces: the text systematically explores the connection with other fields of mathematics. The book can serve as an introduction to contemporary mathematics as a whole, as it develops background material from algebraic topology, differential geometry, the calculus of variations, elliptic PDE, and algebraic geometry. The book is unique among textbooks on Riemann surfaces in its inclusion of an introduction to Teichmüller theory. For this new edition, the author has expanded and rewritten several sections to include additional material and to improve the presentation.



The Geometry of Moduli Spaces of Sheaves

The Geometry of Moduli Spaces of Sheaves Author Daniel Huybrechts
ISBN-10 9781139485821
Release 2010-05-27
Pages
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Now back in print, this highly regarded book has been updated to reflect recent advances in the theory of semistable coherent sheaves and their moduli spaces, which include moduli spaces in positive characteristic, moduli spaces of principal bundles and of complexes, Hilbert schemes of points on surfaces, derived categories of coherent sheaves, and moduli spaces of sheaves on Calabi–Yau threefolds. The authors review changes in the field since the publication of the original edition in 1997 and point the reader towards further literature. References have been brought up to date and errors removed. Developed from the authors' lectures, this book is ideal as a text for graduate students as well as a valuable resource for any mathematician with a background in algebraic geometry who wants to learn more about Grothendieck's approach.



Differential Geometric Structures

Differential Geometric Structures Author Walter A. Poor
ISBN-10 9780486151915
Release 2015-04-27
Pages 352
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This introductory text defines geometric structure by specifying parallel transport in an appropriate fiber bundle and focusing on simplest cases of linear parallel transport in a vector bundle. 1981 edition.



Differential Geometry

Differential Geometry Author R.W. Sharpe
ISBN-10 0387947329
Release 1997-06-12
Pages 421
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Cartan geometries were the first examples of connections on a principal bundle. They seem to be almost unknown these days, in spite of the great beauty and conceptual power they confer on geometry. The aim of the present book is to fill the gap in the literature on differential geometry by the missing notion of Cartan connections. Although the author had in mind a book accessible to graduate students, potential readers would also include working differential geometers who would like to know more about what Cartan did, which was to give a notion of "espaces giniralisis" (= Cartan geometries) generalizing homogeneous spaces (= Klein geometries) in the same way that Riemannian geometry generalizes Euclidean geometry. In addition, physicists will be interested to see the fully satisfying way in which their gauge theory can be truly regarded as geometry.



Linear Algebra and Linear Models

Linear Algebra and Linear Models Author Ravindra B. Bapat
ISBN-10 9781447127390
Release 2012-01-28
Pages 167
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Linear Algebra and Linear Models comprises a concise and rigorous introduction to linear algebra required for statistics followed by the basic aspects of the theory of linear estimation and hypothesis testing. The emphasis is on the approach using generalized inverses. Topics such as the multivariate normal distribution and distribution of quadratic forms are included. For this third edition, the material has been reorganised to develop the linear algebra in the first six chapters, to serve as a first course on linear algebra that is especially suitable for students of statistics or for those looking for a matrix theoretic approach to the subject. Other key features include: coverage of topics such as rank additivity, inequalities for eigenvalues and singular values; a new chapter on linear mixed models; over seventy additional problems on rank: the matrix rank is an important and rich topic with connections to many aspects of linear algebra such as generalized inverses, idempotent matrices and partitioned matrices. This text is aimed primarily at advanced undergraduate and first-year graduate students taking courses in linear algebra, linear models, multivariate analysis and design of experiments. A wealth of exercises, complete with hints and solutions, help to consolidate understanding. Researchers in mathematics and statistics will also find the book a useful source of results and problems.



A First Course in Harmonic Analysis

A First Course in Harmonic Analysis Author Anton Deitmar
ISBN-10 9781475738346
Release 2013-04-17
Pages 152
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This book introduces harmonic analysis at an undergraduate level. In doing so it covers Fourier analysis and paves the way for Poisson Summation Formula. Another central feature is that is makes the reader aware of the fact that both principal incarnations of Fourier theory, the Fourier series and the Fourier transform, are special cases of a more general theory arising in the context of locally compact abelian groups. The final goal of this book is to introduce the reader to the techniques used in harmonic analysis of noncommutative groups. These techniques are explained in the context of matrix groups as a principal example.



Introduction to Noncommutative Algebra

Introduction to Noncommutative Algebra Author Matej Brešar
ISBN-10 9783319086934
Release 2014-10-14
Pages 199
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Providing an elementary introduction to noncommutative rings and algebras, this textbook begins with the classical theory of finite dimensional algebras. Only after this, modules, vector spaces over division rings, and tensor products are introduced and studied. This is followed by Jacobson's structure theory of rings. The final chapters treat free algebras, polynomial identities, and rings of quotients. Many of the results are not presented in their full generality. Rather, the emphasis is on clarity of exposition and simplicity of the proofs, with several being different from those in other texts on the subject. Prerequisites are kept to a minimum, and new concepts are introduced gradually and are carefully motivated. Introduction to Noncommutative Algebra is therefore accessible to a wide mathematical audience. It is, however, primarily intended for beginning graduate and advanced undergraduate students encountering noncommutative algebra for the first time.



Mathematical Gauge Theory

Mathematical Gauge Theory Author Mark J.D. Hamilton
ISBN-10 9783319684390
Release 2017-12-06
Pages 658
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The Standard Model is the foundation of modern particle and high energy physics. This book explains the mathematical background behind the Standard Model, translating ideas from physics into a mathematical language and vice versa. The first part of the book covers the mathematical theory of Lie groups and Lie algebras, fibre bundles, connections, curvature and spinors. The second part then gives a detailed exposition of how these concepts are applied in physics, concerning topics such as the Lagrangians of gauge and matter fields, spontaneous symmetry breaking, the Higgs boson and mass generation of gauge bosons and fermions. The book also contains a chapter on advanced and modern topics in particle physics, such as neutrino masses, CP violation and Grand Unification. This carefully written textbook is aimed at graduate students of mathematics and physics. It contains numerous examples and more than 150 exercises, making it suitable for self-study and use alongside lecture courses. Only a basic knowledge of differentiable manifolds and special relativity is required, summarized in the appendix.



Introduction to Homotopy Theory

Introduction to Homotopy Theory Author Martin Arkowitz
ISBN-10 144197329X
Release 2011-07-25
Pages 344
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This is a book in pure mathematics dealing with homotopy theory, one of the main branches of algebraic topology. The principal topics are as follows: Basic Homotopy; H-spaces and co-H-spaces; fibrations and cofibrations; exact sequences of homotopy sets, actions, and coactions; homotopy pushouts and pullbacks; classical theorems, including those of Serre, Hurewicz, Blakers-Massey, and Whitehead; homotopy Sets; homotopy and homology decompositions of spaces and maps; and obstruction theory. The underlying theme of the entire book is the Eckmann-Hilton duality theory. The book can be used as a text for the second semester of an advanced ungraduate or graduate algebraic topology course.



Geometry and Physics

Geometry and Physics Author Jürgen Jost
ISBN-10 3642005411
Release 2009-08-17
Pages 217
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"Geometry and Physics" addresses mathematicians wanting to understand modern physics, and physicists wanting to learn geometry. It gives an introduction to modern quantum field theory and related areas of theoretical high-energy physics from the perspective of Riemannian geometry, and an introduction to modern geometry as needed and utilized in modern physics. Jürgen Jost, a well-known research mathematician and advanced textbook author, also develops important geometric concepts and methods that can be used for the structures of physics. In particular, he discusses the Lagrangians of the standard model and its supersymmetric extensions from a geometric perspective.



Symmetry Representations and Invariants

Symmetry  Representations  and Invariants Author Roe Goodman
ISBN-10 9780387798523
Release 2009-07-30
Pages 716
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Symmetry is a key ingredient in many mathematical, physical, and biological theories. Using representation theory and invariant theory to analyze the symmetries that arise from group actions, and with strong emphasis on the geometry and basic theory of Lie groups and Lie algebras, Symmetry, Representations, and Invariants is a significant reworking of an earlier highly-acclaimed work by the authors. The result is a comprehensive introduction to Lie theory, representation theory, invariant theory, and algebraic groups, in a new presentation that is more accessible to students and includes a broader range of applications. The philosophy of the earlier book is retained, i.e., presenting the principal theorems of representation theory for the classical matrix groups as motivation for the general theory of reductive groups. The wealth of examples and discussion prepares the reader for the complete arguments now given in the general case. Key Features of Symmetry, Representations, and Invariants: (1) Early chapters suitable for honors undergraduate or beginning graduate courses, requiring only linear algebra, basic abstract algebra, and advanced calculus; (2) Applications to geometry (curvature tensors), topology (Jones polynomial via symmetry), and combinatorics (symmetric group and Young tableaux); (3) Self-contained chapters, appendices, comprehensive bibliography; (4) More than 350 exercises (most with detailed hints for solutions) further explore main concepts; (5) Serves as an excellent main text for a one-year course in Lie group theory; (6) Benefits physicists as well as mathematicians as a reference work.



The Topology of Fibre Bundles PMS 14

The Topology of Fibre Bundles   PMS 14 Author Norman Steenrod
ISBN-10 9781400883875
Release 2016-06-02
Pages 224
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Fibre bundles, now an integral part of differential geometry, are also of great importance in modern physics--such as in gauge theory. This book, a succinct introduction to the subject by renown mathematician Norman Steenrod, was the first to present the subject systematically. It begins with a general introduction to bundles, including such topics as differentiable manifolds and covering spaces. The author then provides brief surveys of advanced topics, such as homotopy theory and cohomology theory, before using them to study further properties of fibre bundles. The result is a classic and timeless work of great utility that will appeal to serious mathematicians and theoretical physicists alike.



Probability Theory

Probability Theory Author Alexandr A. Borovkov
ISBN-10 9781447152019
Release 2013-06-22
Pages 733
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This self-contained, comprehensive book tackles the principal problems and advanced questions of probability theory and random processes in 22 chapters, presented in a logical order but also suitable for dipping into. They include both classical and more recent results, such as large deviations theory, factorization identities, information theory, stochastic recursive sequences. The book is further distinguished by the inclusion of clear and illustrative proofs of the fundamental results that comprise many methodological improvements aimed at simplifying the arguments and making them more transparent. The importance of the Russian school in the development of probability theory has long been recognized. This book is the translation of the fifth edition of the highly successful Russian textbook. This edition includes a number of new sections, such as a new chapter on large deviation theory for random walks, which are of both theoretical and applied interest. The frequent references to Russian literature throughout this work lend a fresh dimension and make it an invaluable source of reference for Western researchers and advanced students in probability related subjects. Probability Theory will be of interest to both advanced undergraduate and graduate students studying probability theory and its applications. It can serve as a basis for several one-semester courses on probability theory and random processes as well as self-study.



The Geometry of Infinite Dimensional Groups

The Geometry of Infinite Dimensional Groups Author Boris Khesin
ISBN-10 9783540772637
Release 2008-09-28
Pages 304
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This monograph gives an overview of various classes of infinite-dimensional Lie groups and their applications in Hamiltonian mechanics, fluid dynamics, integrable systems, gauge theory, and complex geometry. The text includes many exercises and open questions.