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Principles of Solidification

Principles of Solidification Author Martin Eden Glicksman
ISBN-10 1441973443
Release 2010-12-17
Pages 520
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“Principles of Solidification” offers comprehensive descriptions of liquid-to-solid transitions encountered in shaped casting, welding, and non-biological bulk crystal growth processes. The book logically develops through careful presentation of relevant thermodynamic and kinetic theories and models of solidification occurring in a variety of materials. Major topics encompass the liquid-state, liquid-solid transformations, chemical macro- and microsegregation, purification by fractional crystallization and zone refining, solid-liquid interfaces, polyphase freezing, and rapid solidification processing. Solid-liquid interfaces are discussed quantitatively both as sharp and diffuse entities, with supporting differential geometric descriptions. The book offers: • Detailed mathematical examples throughout to guide readers • Applications of solidification and crystal growth methodologies for preparation and purification of metals, ceramics, polymers and semiconductors • Appendices providing supporting information on special topics covered in the chapters. Readers in materials, metallurgical, chemical, and mechanical engineering will find this to be a useful source on the subjects of solidification and crystal growth. Chemists, physicists, and geologists concerned with melting/freezing phenomena will also find much of value in this book.



Interfacial Wave Theory of Pattern Formation in Solidification

Interfacial Wave Theory of Pattern Formation in Solidification Author Jian-Jun Xu
ISBN-10 9783319526638
Release 2017-06-01
Pages 593
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This comprehensive work explores interfacial instability and pattern formation in dynamic systems away from the equilibrium state in solidification and crystal growth. Further, this significantly expanded 2nd edition introduces and reviews the progress made during the last two decades. In particular, it describes the most prominent pattern formation phenomena commonly observed in material processing and crystal growth in the framework of the previously established interfacial wave theory, including free dendritic growth from undercooled melt, cellular growth and eutectic growth in directional solidification, as well as viscous fingering in Hele-Shaw flow. It elucidates the key problems, systematically derives their mathematical solutions by pursuing a unified, asymptotic approach, and finally carefully examines these results by comparing them with the available experimental results. The asymptotic approach described here will be useful for the investigation of pattern formation phenomena occurring in a much broader class of inhomogeneous dynamical systems. In addition, the results on global stability and selection mechanisms of pattern formation will be of particular interest to researchers working on material processing and crystal growth. The stability mechanisms of a curved front and the pattern formation have been fundamental subjects in the areas of condensed-matter physics, materials science, crystal growth, and fluid mechanics for some time now. This book offers a stimulating and insightful introduction for all physicists, engineers and applied mathematicians working in the fields of soft condensed-matter physics, materials science, mechanical and chemical engineering, fluid dynamics, and nonlinear sciences.



Casting Aluminum Alloys

Casting Aluminum Alloys Author Michael V Glazoff
ISBN-10 9780128121146
Release 2018-09-12
Pages 562
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Casting Aluminum Alloys, Second Edition, the follow up to the fall 2007 work on the structure, properties, thermal resistance, corrosion and fatigue of aluminum alloys in industrial manufacturing, discusses findings from the past decade, including sections on new casting alloys, novel casting technologies, and new methods of alloys design. The book also includes other hot topics, such as the implementation of computational technologies for the calculation of phase equilibria and thermodynamic properties of alloys, the development of software for calculation of diffusion processes in aluminum alloys, computational modeling of solidification microstructure and texture evolution of multi-component aluminum materials. In addition to changes in computational predictive abilities, there is a review of novel casting aluminum alloy compositions and properties, as well as descriptions of new casting technologies and updates to coverage on the mechanical properties of aluminum casting alloys. Presents a discussion of thermodynamic calculations used for assessing non-equilibrium solidifications of casting aluminum alloys Expands coverage of mathematical models for alloy mechanical properties, helping facilitate the selection of the best prospective candidate for new alloy development Contains a new section that describes the self-consistent evaluation of phase equilibria and thermodynamic properties of aluminum alloys



Advances in Heat Transfer

Advances in Heat Transfer Author
ISBN-10 9780128051757
Release 2016-10-25
Pages 350
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Advances in Heat Transfer fills the information gap between regularly scheduled journals and university-level textbooks by providing in-depth review articles that are from a broader scope than in traditional journals or texts. The articles, which serve as a broad review for experts in the field, are also of great interest to non-specialists who need to keep up-to-date on the results of the latest research. This serial is essential reading for all mechanical, chemical, and industrial engineers working in the field of heat transfer, or in graduate schools or industry. Compiles the expert opinions of leaders in the industry Fills the information gap between regularly scheduled journals and university-level textbooks by providing in-depth review articles over a broader scope than in traditional journals or texts Essential reading for all mechanical, chemical, and industrial engineers working in the field of heat transfer, or in graduate schools or industry



Heavily n type doped silicon and the dislocation formation during its growth by the Czochralski method

Heavily n type doped silicon and the dislocation formation during its growth by the Czochralski method Author Ludwig Stockmeier
ISBN-10 9783839613450
Release 2018-08-01
Pages 204
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Heavily doped silicon is required for devices such as PowerMOSFETs. For the devices to be as sufficient as possible it is necessary to lower the electrical resistivity of the silicon substrate as low as possible. Yet, during the growth of heavily n-type doped silicon by the Czochralski method dislocation formation occurs frequently, reducing yield. Thus this work covers the topics intrinsic point defects, electrical activity of dopant atoms, spreading of dislocations and facet growth. Each topic is discussed in regard of their possible impact on the formation of the dislocations. In doing so, the control of facet growth is found to be most crucial to prevent the formation of the dislocations.



Handbook of Crystal Growth

Handbook of Crystal Growth Author Tatau Nishinaga
ISBN-10 0444633324
Release 2014
Pages 755
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Handbook of Crystal Growth has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Handbook of Crystal Growth also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Handbook of Crystal Growth book for free.



Foundry Technology

Foundry Technology Author Peter R. Beeley
ISBN-10 0750645679
Release 2001
Pages 719
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Introduction; Liquid Metals and the Gating of Castings; Solidification 1 -- Crystallization and the development of cast structure; Solidification 2 -- the Feeding of Castings; The Moulding Material -- Properties, Preparation and Testing; Defects in Castings; Quality Assessment and Control; Casting Design; Production Techniques 1 -- the Manufacture of Sand Castings; Mould Production; Melting and Casting; Finishing Operations; Production Techniques 2 -- Shell, Investment and Die Casting Techniques; Production Techniques 3 -- Further Casting techniques; Environmental Protection, Health and Safety; Appendix; Index.



Concepts in Physical Metallurgy

Concepts in Physical Metallurgy Author Lavakumar Avala
ISBN-10 9781681744742
Release 2017-05-02
Pages 169
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The progress of civilization can be, in part, attributed to their ability to employ metallurgy. This book is an introduction to multiple facets of physical metallurgy, materials science, and engineering. As all metals are crystalline in structure, it focuses attention on these structures and how the formation of these crystals are responsible for certain aspects of the material's chemical and physical behaviour. Concepts in Physical Metallurgy also discusses the mechanical properties of metals, the theory of alloys, and physical metallurgy of ferrous and non-ferrous alloys.



Complete Casting Handbook

Complete Casting Handbook Author John Campbell
ISBN-10 9780081001202
Release 2015-08-06
Pages 1054
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Campbell’s Complete Casting Handbook: Metal Casting Processes, Techniques and Design, Second Edition provides an update to the first single-volume guide to cover modern principles and processes in such breadth and depth, while also retaining a clear, practical focus. The work has a unique viewpoint, interpreting the behavior of castings, and metals as a whole, in terms of their biofilm content, the largely invisible casting defects which control much of the structure and behavior of metals. This new edition includes new findings, many from John Campbell’s own research, on crack initiation, contact pouring, vortex gates, and the Cosworth Process. Delivers the expert advice that engineers need to make successful and profitable casting decisions Ideal reference for those interested in solidification, vortex gates, nucleation, biofilm, remelting, and molding Follows a logical, two-part structure that covers both casting metallurgy and casting manufacture Contains established, must-have information, such as Campbell’s ‘10 Rules’ for successful casting manufacture Includes numerous updates and revisions based on recent breakthroughs in the industry



Science and Engineering of Casting Solidification

Science and Engineering of Casting Solidification Author Doru Stefanescu
ISBN-10 9783319156934
Release 2015-08-27
Pages 556
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The 3rd edition of this popular textbook covers current topics in all areas of casting solidification. Partial differential equations and numerical analysis are used extensively throughout the text, with numerous calculation examples, to help the reader in achieving a working knowledge of computational solidification modeling. The features of this new edition include: • new chapters on semi-solid and metal matrix composites solidification • a significantly extended treatment of multiscale modeling of solidification and its applications to commercial alloys • a survey of new topics such as solidification of multicomponent alloys and molecular dynamic modeling • new theories, including a theory on oxide bi-films in the treatment of shrinkage problems • an in-depth treatment of the theoretical aspects of the solidification of the most important commercial alloys including steel, cast iron, aluminum-silicon eutectics, and superalloys • updated tables of material constants.



Modeling Identification and Control of Robots

Modeling  Identification and Control of Robots Author W. Khalil
ISBN-10 9780080536613
Release 2004-07-01
Pages 500
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Written by two of Europe’s leading robotics experts, this book provides the tools for a unified approach to the modelling of robotic manipulators, whatever their mechanical structure. No other publication covers the three fundamental issues of robotics: modelling, identification and control. It covers the development of various mathematical models required for the control and simulation of robots. · World class authority · Unique range of coverage not available in any other book · Provides a complete course on robotic control at an undergraduate and graduate level



Comprehensive Materials Processing

Comprehensive Materials Processing Author
ISBN-10 9780080965338
Release 2014-04-07
Pages 5634
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Comprehensive Materials Processing provides students and professionals with a one-stop resource consolidating and enhancing the literature of the materials processing and manufacturing universe. It provides authoritative analysis of all processes, technologies, and techniques for converting industrial materials from a raw state into finished parts or products. Assisting scientists and engineers in the selection, design, and use of materials, whether in the lab or in industry, it matches the adaptive complexity of emergent materials and processing technologies. Extensive traditional article-level academic discussion of core theories and applications is supplemented by applied case studies and advanced multimedia features. Coverage encompasses the general categories of solidification, powder, deposition, and deformation processing, and includes discussion on plant and tool design, analysis and characterization of processing techniques, high-temperatures studies, and the influence of process scale on component characteristics and behavior. Authored and reviewed by world-class academic and industrial specialists in each subject field Practical tools such as integrated case studies, user-defined process schemata, and multimedia modeling and functionality Maximizes research efficiency by collating the most important and established information in one place with integrated applets linking to relevant outside sources



Solidification Processing

Solidification Processing Author Merton C. Flemings
ISBN-10 MINN:31951000772442G
Release 1974
Pages 364
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Solidification Processing has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Solidification Processing also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Solidification Processing book for free.



Modern Physical Metallurgy

Modern Physical Metallurgy Author R. E. Smallman
ISBN-10 9780080982236
Release 2013-09-04
Pages 720
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Modern Physical Metallurgy describes, in a very readable form, the fundamental principles of physical metallurgy and the basic techniques for assessing microstructure. This book enables you to understand the properties and applications of metals and alloys at a deeper level than that provided in an introductory materials course. The eighth edition of this classic text has been updated to provide a balanced coverage of properties, characterization, phase transformations, crystal structure, and corrosion not available in other texts, and includes updated illustrations along with extensive new real-world examples and homework problems. Renowned coverage of metals and alloys from one of the world's leading metallurgy educators Covers new materials characterization techniques, including scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and nanoindentation Provides the most thorough coverage of characterization, mechanical properties, surface engineering and corrosion of any textbook in its field Includes new worked examples with real-world applications, case studies, extensive homework exercises, and a full online solutions manual and image bank



New Perspectives on Mineral Nucleation and Growth

New Perspectives on Mineral Nucleation and Growth Author Alexander van Driessche
ISBN-10 9783319456690
Release 2016-12-20
Pages 380
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In the last decade, numerous studies have demonstrated the existence of alternative pathways to nucleation and crystallisation that oppose the classical view. Such proposed scenarios include multistage reactions proceeding via various precursor species and/or intermediate phases. The aim of this book is to review and discuss these recent advances in our understanding of the early stages of mineralisation through a series of contributions that address both experimental and theoretical studies about the formation and nature of initial precursor species (e.g., prenucleation clusters, dense liquid phases, amorphous nanoparticles, etc.) as well as their transformations leading to the stable mineral phase. Several chapters are devoted to cutting-edge analytical techniques used for investigating the above processes in situ, in real time and at conditions relevant to both natural and industrial processes. At the end of the book, the editors summarize the key questions that still need to be addressed in order to establish a complete picture of the nucleation and growth processes involved during the formation of minerals



Metals and Materials

Metals and Materials Author R. E. Smallman
ISBN-10 9781483141039
Release 2013-10-22
Pages 444
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Metals and Materials: Science, Processes, Applications aims to present the science of materials in a readable and concise form that leads naturally to an explanation of the ways in which materials are processed and applied. The science of metals, or physical metallurgy, has developed naturally into the wider and more diverse discipline of materials science. The study of metals and alloys still forms a large and important part of this relatively new discipline, but it’s common to find that fundamental principles and concepts of physical metallurgy can be adapted to explain the behavior of a variety of non-metallic materials. As an aid to fully study this discipline, each chapter has been supplemented with a list of specialized references. These references include images and diagrams that illustrate the subtleties of materials, such as micrographs of grain structures and fine-scale defects, phase diagrams for metals and ceramics, electron diffraction patterns revealing atomic arrangements, specific property diagrams correlating the behavior of different materials, and slip vector diagrams for deforming crystals. Throughout this book, sufficient background and theory is provided to assist students in answering questions about a large part of a typical degree course in materials science and engineering. Some sections provide a background or point of entry for postgraduate studies and courses.



Ironmaking and Steelmaking Processes

Ironmaking and Steelmaking Processes Author Pasquale Cavaliere
ISBN-10 9783319395296
Release 2016-09-02
Pages 466
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This book describes improvements in the iron and steel making process in the past few decades. It also presents new and improved solutions to producing high quality products with low greenhouse emissions. In addition, it examines legislative regulations regarding greenhouse emissions all around the world and how to control these dangerous emissions in iron and steel making plants.