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Water Pollution Control

Water Pollution Control Author Richard Helmer
ISBN-10 9780203477540
Release 2002-09-11
Pages 520
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This is a handbook for policy makers and environmental managers in water authorities and engineering companies engaged in water quality programmes, especially in developing countries. It is also suitable for use as a textbook or as training material for water quality management courses. It is a companion volume to Water Quality Assessment and Water Quality Monitoring.

Principles of Water Resources

Principles of Water Resources Author Thomas V. Cech
ISBN-10 9780470136317
Release 2010
Pages 546
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The third edition of Principles of Water Resources has been written with the non-technical student in mind. The text integrates a wide variety of water resources topics all under one cover, and breaks down complex topics into short, understandable, and interesting explanations. This new edition presents a comprehensive and timely presentation, covering water history, surface and groundwater hydrology, water law, water use and development, economics, environmental issues, water management, policy, and more. This book is ideally suited for undergraduate and graduate-level water resources courses found in departments of geography, earth sciences, biology, geology, watershed science, natural resources management, environmental studies, wildlife management, soils, biology, fisheries & wildlife, and law. FEATURES ? Well written and concise, this text is interesting, informative, and useful for both students and academics. ? A valuable reference containing the most current and up-to-date information on Water Resources. ? Wide-ranging coverage of a variety of relevant topics in the field of water resources rarely found in a single text. ? A respected author in the field over 20 years, Tom Cech developed programs and shaped policy in the areas of water quality, water rights, endangered species, water development, and water education. NEW TO THIS EDITION ? New ?Guest Essays? added throughout the text written by top names in their field ? Both ?Closer Look? and ?Sidebar Discussion? sections have been updated and added to reflect current trends and issues in water resources. ? Chapter 5 includes a new section on selenium. ? Maps and images have been updated and added throughout the text. ? The Transport and Deposition section has been moved to the end of Chapter 3 to improve the sequence of the material. ABOUT THE AUTHOR Tom Cech has been intimately involved in water resources for over 20 years at the local, state, and national levels. He has developed extensive programs and helped shape water policy in the areas of water quality, water rights, endangered species, water development, and water education. He has also taught the water resources course as an adjunct professor at the University of Northern Colorado in Greeley.

Principles of Water Quality Management

Principles of Water Quality Management Author William Wesley Eckenfelder
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822010865582
Release 1980
Pages 717
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Principles of Water Quality Management has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Principles of Water Quality Management also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Principles of Water Quality Management book for free.

MWH s Water Treatment

MWH s Water Treatment Author John C. Crittenden
ISBN-10 9781118103777
Release 2012-06-14
Pages 1920
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the definitive guide to the theory and practice of water treatment engineering THIS NEWLY REVISED EDITION of the classic reference provides complete, up-to-date coverage of both theory and practice of water treatment system design. The Third Edition brings the field up to date, addressing new regulatory requirements, ongoing environmental concerns, and the emergence of pharmacological agents and other new chemical constituents in water. Written by some of the foremost experts in the field of public water supply, Water Treatment, Third Edition maintains the book's broad scope and reach, while reorganizing the material for even greater clarity and readability. Topics span from the fundamentals of water chemistry and microbiology to the latest methods for detecting constituents in water, leading-edge technologies for implementing water treatment processes, and the increasingly important topic of managing residuals from water treatment plants. Along with hundreds of illustrations, photographs, and extensive tables listing chemical properties and design data, this volume: Introduces a number of new topics such as advanced oxidation and enhanced coagulation Discusses treatment strategies for removing pharmaceuticals and personal care products Examines advanced treatment technologies such as membrane filtration, reverse osmosis, and ozone addition Details reverse osmosis applications for brackish groundwater, wastewater, and other water sources Provides new case studies demonstrating the synthesis of full-scale treatment trains A must-have resource for engineers designing or operating water treatment plants, Water Treatment, Third Edition is also useful for students of civil, environmental, and water resources engineering.

Principles of Water Quality

Principles of Water Quality Author Thomas Waite
ISBN-10 9780323156899
Release 2012-12-02
Pages 302
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Principles of Water Quality presents the fundamental environmental processes that regulate the movement of materials in natural systems. This book is composed of 10 chapters that cover the chemical and microbiological processes that are operative on organic and inorganic constituents in water. This text deals first with water quality concepts, the development of criteria for water quality, and the determination of various contaminants' threshold levels that can be regulated by imposed standards. These topics are followed by descriptions of natural environmental processes, which include fundamental ecological principles and energy transfer in ecosystems resulting in species stability. The subsequent chapters are devoted to the organic and inorganic constituents that have become water quality problems, including toxic metals, inorganic nutrients, refractory organic compounds, and microorganisms. The discussion then shifts to the environmental impact of heated effluent discharges. The last three chapters focus on water quality modeling, standards, and management methods. These chapters also provide case studies using the phosphorus and the longitudinal dispersion models. This book is of value to advanced undergraduate or graduate students in environmental engineering and science, as well as in health-related disciplines.

Water quality management for coastal aquaculture

Water quality management for coastal aquaculture Author Sukumar Bandyopadhyay
ISBN-10 8170355389
Release 2008-01-01
Pages 354
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The book describe the fundamental aspects water resources and water quality management, and environmental problems related to acquaculture in the Coastal related to aquaculture in the coastal areas. It addresses to the surface and ground water resources and their characteristics, in general and inherent in the coastal water environment, and describes the coastal environment with ecological divisions and coastal regulation Zones. Water resource use is highlighted mainly in coastal fisheries and aquaculture, and also in multiple uses for agriculture, forestry and waste disposal. Impacts of resource use on the coastal environment with potential and specific cases have been discussed. The book focuses on water quality aspects with the basic management issues such as physico-chemical, biophysical and biological parmeters and their interactions on the dynamics of the systems in a water body. On water quality management included are the topics under pond water treatment for control and management of aquatic environment for culture practices, and on farm effluent treatment for reduction of environmental impact in the surrounding water bodies. Related numerical problems have been given as examples in most of the chapters, as well as few sample questions for students work. The content of the book extends our theoretical understanding of water resource and water quality management, and also provides how-to or practical advice for professionals in the aquaculture industry. Contents Chapter 1: Water and Land Resource Use, Environmental Impact from Agriculture and Aquaculture, Food Production and Fisheries, Perspective of Water Quality Management in Aquaculture; Part I: Water Resources for coastal Aquaculture; Chapter 2: Water Resources, Sources of Water, Surface Water, Ponds,Lakes and Reservoirs, Streams and Rivers, Sea or Saltwater, Ground Water, Coastal Environment, Coastal Areas and Zones, Ecological Divisions, Marine Environment, Rocky Shore, Sandy and Muddy Shores, Brackish Water or Estuarine Environment, Marshes and Mangroves, Coastal Regulation Zone, Characteristics of Water Resources, Environmental Characteristics of Coastal Water, Carrying Capacity and Standing Crop, Primary Productivity and Food Chain, Principles Governing the Coastal Water Ecosystem, Aquatic Biodiversity, Ecological Factors, General Characteristics of Source Water, Water Temperature and Circulation, Dissolved Oxygen Content, pH and Carbon Dioxide, Nutrients and Organic Substances, Plant and Animal Community, Ground Water Characteristics, Summary; Chapter 3: Water Resource Use in Coastal Area; Coastal Fisheries, Types of Fisheries, Inland Capture Fisheries, Marine Fisheries, Coastal Aquaculture, Types of Aquaculture Production System, Species Cultured in Coastal Waters, Operation of Coastal Aquaculture Farms, Multiple Use of Coastal Resources, Coastal Agriculture, Constraints Affecting Coastal Agriculture, Crop Selection for Salt-affected Soils, Coastal Forestry, Types of Coastal Forests, Socio-economic Values of Coastal Forests, Special Characteristics of Coastal Forestry, Waste Disposal and Pollution in Coastal Areas, Sources of Pollution, Types of Contaminants and Pollutants, Major Examples of Coastal Pollution; Chapter 4: Impact of Coastal Resource Use on the Environment, Impacts on Coastal Environment, Alterations and Destruction of Habitats, Effects of marine Pollution on Human Health, Hypernutrification and Eutrophication, Decline of Fish Stocks and Other Renewable Resources, Changes in Sediment Flows, Potential and Specific Cases of Impacts, Agricultural Activities, Capture Fisheries and Coastal Aquaculture Activities, Multiple Activities, Integrated Ecosystem Approch for Resource Use References, Part II: Water Quality; Chapter 5: Water Quality Parameters, Classification of Water Quality Parameters, Dissolved Oxygen, Primary Productivity and Nutrients, Temperature, Salinity, Suspended Solids,pH Alkalinity and Hardness, Dissolved Gases, Biological Parameters, Fundamental Principles, Equilibrium Relationships, Some Thermodynamic Concepts of Equilibria,Ionic Equilibrium in Water, Ionization of Acid and Bases, Solubility Relationship, Process Kinetics, Rate of a Chemical Reaction, Kinetic Models of Homogeneous Reactions, Effect of Temperature on Reaction Rate, Biological Reaction Systems, Kinetics of Enzyme Catalyzed Reactions, Kinetics of Microbial Growth; Chapter 6: Aquaculture Pond Ecosystem, Dynamics of Nutrientsin Pond Ecosystem, Nitrogen Cycle, Phosphors Cycle, Carbon Cycle, Dynamics of Dissolved Oxygen in Pond Water, Biological Processes, Photosynthetic Oxygen Production, Oxygen Requirments of Fish, Diurnal Changes of Oxygen Concentration in Ponds, Diffusional Oxygen Transfer by Natural Aeration, DO Concentration Balance in pond Water during Culture, Channel Catfish Pond, Trout Pond, warm water Fish, Dynamics of Fertilized Pond, Effects of Fertilization on Pond Dynamics, Changes in Acidity due to Nitrogen Fertilizer, Effects of Fertilization on Phosphorus Cycle, Plants and Invertebrates, Dynamics of Limed Pond, Effects of Liming on Pond Dynamics, Increase in Total Alklinity, Increase in Concentration of Total Avilable Carbon Dioxide, Increase in Total Hardness, Effect on Activity of Microorganisms, Increase in the Avilability of Mud Phosphate, Effects of Liming on Plankton and Invertebrates, Dynamics of Fed Pond, Types of Feeding and Feeding Optinons, Supplementry Diet Feeding, Complete Diet Feeding, Feed Conversion, Utilization and Waste Production, Material Balance of Feed Utilization, Nutrients and Solids Budget, Weste Components, COD Balance, Waste Production from Fertilization, Residues of Chemicals, Effects of Wastes on Culture Environment, Relationship of Water Quality With Feeding Rate References, Part III: Water Quality Management; Chapter 7: Introduction, Culture Systems, Types of Culture Systems, Open System, Semi-closed System, Basic Approach of Closed System, Treatment Methods, Pond Management Methods, Recirculating Methods; Chapter 8: Fertilization of Ponds, Fertilizers, Types, Properties and Sources of Fertilizers, Types and Sources, Properies, Requirment of Fertillizers, Principle, General Guidelines for Fertilzer Requirment, Application of Fertilizers, Types of Fertilizers, Application Rate, Method of Fertilizder Application, Platform Method, Nylon Cloth or Bag Method, Application of Liquid Fertilizers, Organic Manures, Methods, Manure Application through Integrated Farming of Livestock; Chapter 9: Liming of Ponds, Lime Requirment and Liming Rate, Calculation of Liming Rate, Technique Employed on Agricultural Crop, Technique Based on Exchange Acidity of Soil, Liming Materials, Methods of Application, Liming of Acid-sulphate Soils; Chapter 10: Aeration, Aeration Fundamentals, Theory of Oxygen Transfer, Factors Affecting Volumetric Oxygen Transfer Coefficient (k a), Evaluation of k a by Aeration Experiment, Measurment of DO, Standard Oxygen Transfer Rate and Aeration Efficiency, Rating of Aeration Systems under Field Conditions, Aeration Systems, Types of Aerators, Classification, Surface Aerators, Diffused Air System, Gravity, Aerators, Types of Aeration, Emergency Aeration, Supplemental or Continuous Aeration, Aeration to Prevent Thermal and Oxygen Stratification, Aeration of Source Water, Comparative Performance of Various Aerators, Aeration Rate and Efficiency, Oxygen Saturation and Oxygen Transfer, Fish Production, Aeration Process and Aerator Design, Computation of Oxygen Demand and Supplemental Aeration Requirement, Average Daily Oxygen Demand, Maximum Daily Oxygen Demand, Oxygen Supplied by Water Flow, Supplemental Oxygen Demand, Surface Aerator Design, Practical Approach, Simulation Approach; Chapter 11: Feed Management, Feeding Options, Pond Fertilization and Supplemental Feeding, Feed Ingredients, Supplementry Feeds, Complete Diet Feeding, Types of Feed, Formulation, Preparation, Feeding Methods, Feeding Rate and Frequency, Feeding Rate, Feeding Frequency, Feeding Tables, Feeding Devices, Hand-feeding or Manual Feeding, Automatic Feeders; Chapter 12: Effluent Treatment Systems, Types of Waste Materials in Aquaculture Effluents, Suspended Solids Nutrient and Bod, Pathogens, Treatability of Aquaculture Effluents, Load and Concentration of Pollutants, Pollution Potential of Effluents, Comparison of Effluents from Different Culture Systems, Intensive Aquaculture Systems, Semi-intensive Aquaculture System, Effluent Standards and Regulations, Effluents Standards, Guidelines and Codes of Conduct, Codes of Practice, Farm Effluents, Site Characteristics for Discharge Regulations, General Regulations of Coasta Farm, Effluent Treatment Practices, Treatment Technologies in Use, Solids Removal from the Pond Bottons, Solids Removal by Sedimentation Ponds, Solids Removal by Filtration, Solids Removal in Cage Farms, Biological Treatment, Sludge Treatment, Effluent Treatment in Shrimp Farming Systems, Effluent Treatment Scheme of Aquaculture Authority of India, Environment-Friendly Scheme for Intensive Farming, Closed-Recirculating Shrimp Farming; Chapter 13: Solids Removal, Screening, Types of Screens, Typical Design Characteristics and Data, Mechanical Filtration, Types of Filters, Gravity Filters, Rapid Filters, Diatomaceous Earth Filter, Filtration Process, Solids Removal Mechanisms, Mathematical Analysis, Computation of Head-loss, Filtration Process Variables, Sedimentation of Solids, Types of Settling, Types of Sedimentation Tanks or Basins, Mathematical Analysis of Settling, Settling Velocity Analysis, Removal Efficiency of a Basin; Chapter 14: Biological Filtration, Principal of Ammonia Removal by Nitrification, Organisms, Reactions, Environmental Factors Affecting Nitrification Rate, Ammonia Concentration, Dissolved Oxygen Concentration, Temperature Changes, pH Changes, Effect of Minerals and Chemicals, Filter Media Types, Filter Media Types, Filter Design, Filter Configuration, Submerged Filters, Trickling Filters, Rotating Meadia Filters, Operating Parameters, Flow Distribution, Hydraulic Loading, Duty Cycle, Comparison of Existing Designs of Biofilters, Filter Design Procedure, Ammonia Mass Balance, Nitrate-Nitrogen Mass balance, DO Mass Balance, DO Mass Balance in Biofilter; Chapter 15: Disinfection, Methods of Disinfection, Chlorination Process, Forms of Chlorine, Chemistry of Chlorination, Disadvantages of Chlorination, Chlorine Removal, Chlorine Compounds Used in Practice, Potassium Permangante Treatment, Mechaisms and Kinetics of Disinfection

Water Resources Systems Analysis

Water Resources Systems Analysis Author Mohammad Karamouz
ISBN-10 9780203499436
Release 2003-06-27
Pages 608
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Focusing on conflict resolution, Water Resources Systems Analysis discusses systematic approaches to the mathematical modeling of various water resources issues, which helps decision-makers allocate water effectively and efficiently. Readers will gain an understanding of simulation, optimization, multi-criterion-decision-making, as well as engineering economics and time series analysis, all necessary for successful water systems analysis. The book explores recent developments in surface and groundwater systems optimization and modeling, and it relates these to real field applications and case studies. Supported by essential mathematical tools, this book gives current and future hydrologists, water resources managers, and civil engineers a logical reference for prioritizing and addressing critical issues such as flood control, power generation, and water quality management.

Principles of Water Law and Administration

Principles of Water Law and Administration Author Dante A Caponera
ISBN-10 9054101083
Release 1992-01-01
Pages 279
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A multidisciplinary text, considering both general issues and principles of water law and administration at national and international level, dealing with current legal and institutional aspects of water resources management. New information has been added in this latest edition, including the situation in countries previously a part of the former Soviet Union. Added emphasis is given to areas of growing topical importance, such as stakeholders' influence on decisions, the need to maintain a minimum flow in water bodies and the necessity for legislation in support of water resource monitoring. There is new material on the European Union Water Framework Directive which is referenced heavily in the work. The book is aimed at those who carry out functions in water resources administration and those who deal with legal issues raised by water management. The book will be particularly useful to academics and graduate students of law, engineering, hydrology, hydrogeology, sanitary engineering and planners, as well as national and international water resources managers.

Introduction to Water Resources

Introduction to Water Resources Author John C. Clausen
ISBN-10 9781478636489
Release 2017-09-29
Pages 297
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The study of water resources crosses disciplinary boundaries, from geography and natural resources, to Earth sciences, environmental studies, and engineering. Since not all students come to the water-resources course with the same mathematical background, Clausen’s effective, practical presentation integrates topics related to water quantity and water quality. He emphasizes fundamental concepts throughout: the qualitative foundations of hydrology needed to understand the hydrologic cycle and water availability, as well as the physical, chemical, and biological principles underlying water quality. Important social-science issues, including water law and regulations, the economic principles of water supply and demand, and sustainable water management, contextualize the material. Abundant illustrations and purposeful examples reinforce chapter content. End-of-chapter problems provide opportunities for readers to practice the calculations needed for real-world applications.

Optimal Expansion of a water Resources system

Optimal Expansion of a water Resources system Author D.T. O'Laoghaire
ISBN-10 9780323141499
Release 2012-12-02
Pages 288
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Optimal Expansion of a Water Resources System describes a methodology that can be used in water resources planning taking into account both water quantity and quality while still remaining computationally tractable. It is concerned with the optimal expansion of a realistic water resources system to meet an increasing demand for municipal and industrial use, irrigation, energy, and recreation over a planning horizon of Tmax years. This book comprises six chapters, with an introductory chapter that discusses such topics as development of water resources, the systems approach to solving water resources problems, and techniques for the optimization of a water resources system. The following chapters then discuss formulating the problem of the optimal expansion of an existing water resources system; a procedure for solving the optimal expansion problem; and application of the optimization algorithm to a water resources system. The remaining chapters discuss the sensitivity of planning decisions in river basin management; and how to incorporate water quality and pollution considerations into the model of the water resources system. This book will be of interest to practitioners in the fields of systems philosophy and water quantity studies.

Water Resources Management

Water Resources Management Author Neil S. Grigg
ISBN-10 007024782X
Release 1996
Pages 540
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"The integrated approach used in this book will be beneficial to water industry professionals who need to understand the complex details of today's water resource systems and to deal with the numerous economic, legal, and regulatory factors of importance to both the public and private sectors."--Cover.

Preparing National Regulations for Water Resources Management

Preparing National Regulations for Water Resources Management Author Stefano Burchi
ISBN-10 9251050295
Release 2003-01-01
Pages 415
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As the pressure on finite resources of freshwater resources increases, government-administered legislation is taking a more dominant role in water resources management and protection. This manual is intended to bridge the gap between the policy and principles of the resultant primary legislation and implementation through secondary legislation. It covers a variety of legislative approaches cvoering all aspects of water resource management from water rights & permits, pollution prevention & control; conservation; flood control; irrigation; drainage and charging. It is an update of of the earlier FAO Legislative Study No. 52 (1994). Like its predecessor, it provides conceptual material for use in the preparation of national regulations for the management, development, use and protection of freshwater resources.

Water Quality Treatment A Handbook on Drinking Water

Water Quality   Treatment  A Handbook on Drinking Water Author American Water Works Association
ISBN-10 0071630104
Release 2010-12-06
Pages 1696
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The definitive water quality and treatment resource--fully revised and updated Comprehensive, current, and written by leading experts, Water Quality & Treatment: A Handbook on Drinking Water, Sixth Edition covers state-of-the-art technologies and methods for water treatment and quality control. Significant revisions and new material in this edition reflect the latest advances and critical topics in water supply and treatment. Presented by the American Water Works Association, this is the leading source of authoritative information on drinking water quality and treatment. NEW CHAPTERS ON: Chemical principles, source water composition, and watershed protection Natural treatment systems Water reuse for drinking water augmentation Ultraviolet light processes Formation and control of disinfection by-products DETAILED COVERAGE OF: Drinking water standards, regulations, goals, and health effects Hydraulic characteristics of water treatment reactors Gas-liquid processes and chemical oxidation Coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, and flotation Granular media and membrane filtration Ion exchange and adsorption of inorganic contaminants Precipitation, coprecipitation, and precipitative softening Adsorption of organic compounds by activated carbon Chemical disinfection Internal corrosion and deposition control Microbiological quality control in distribution systems Water treatment plant residuals management

Industrial Water Resource Management

Industrial Water Resource Management Author Pradip K. Sengupta
ISBN-10 9781119272502
Release 2017-11-13
Pages 488
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8.8 Estimation of stream discharge

Diffuse Pollution of Water Resources

Diffuse Pollution of Water Resources Author Roumiana Hranova
ISBN-10 9781134175536
Release 2006-01-16
Pages 272
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Diffuse pollution of water resources has a multi-disciplinary dimension and the measures to prevent and control it are closely inter-related to the development patterns and societal habits of the region. This book aims to bridge the gaps between different specialists working in the field and to present an integrated approach for the solution of diffuse pollution problems. It focuses on cases specific to developing countries and emphasizes the need to pursue environmentally-sustainable development patterns. Basic principles, definitions and approaches are presented, enabling a common language and understanding among professionals in the field. Numerous case studies from the region, mainly related to urban sources of diffuse pollution, are included. They could be regarded as typical for any developing country, suggesting tools and methods to assess and evaluate the extent of diffuse pollution problems. The book is valuable as a supplementary text for undergraduate and postgraduate students whose studies include a component of water resources and environmental engineering and management, including degree courses in Environmental, Civil and Chemical Engineering, Soil Science, Environmental Sciences and Public Health related sciences. It is also a valuable guide for professionals and managers working in the field of Water Resources and Environmental protection.

The Economics of Regional Water Quality Management

The Economics of Regional Water Quality Management Author Allen V. Kneese
ISBN-10 9781134004010
Release 2013-11-26
Pages 215
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First Published in 2011. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Data Sharing for International Water Resource Management Eastern Europe Russia and the CIS

Data Sharing for International Water Resource Management  Eastern Europe  Russia and the CIS Author T. Naff
ISBN-10 9789401712095
Release 2013-03-14
Pages 252
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The Issues, Conclusions, and Recommendations of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop - Budapest, Hungary July 27 -31, 1997 TIlOMAS NAFF University of Pennsylvania 847 Williams Hall Philadelphia, PA 19104-6305 USA tna. /J"@sas. upenn. edu 1. The Issues Sharing data and infonnation enables people to think together in solving problems, in building trust essential for cooperative efforts toward sustaining shared vital natural resources, and in avoiding conflict. It is axiomatic that all planning and policy making, not least for environmental and resource sustainability, depend for success on accmate data and infonnation dispensed freely to all who need it, from farmers to heads of state. These maxims are particularly apt when applied to water resources that are international and transboundary. In those circumstances, the need for cooperation and sharing are acute if the water source is to be managed, distributed, and used equitably and efficiently. In many parts of the world, the collection, management, reporting, and quality of water and environmental data are often so poor and incomplete as to render them useless, or they are treated as security issues and are therefore classified. Either way, wherever those conditions exist, essential planning and policy data and information of good quality are relatively hard to come by. The consequences are high, particularly for effective basin-wide river management and resource sustainability.