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Problems and Proofs in Numbers and Algebra

Problems and Proofs in Numbers and Algebra Author Richard S. Millman
ISBN-10 9783319144276
Release 2015-02-09
Pages 223
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Focusing on an approach of solving rigorous problems and learning how to prove, this volume is concentrated on two specific content themes, elementary number theory and algebraic polynomials. The benefit to readers who are moving from calculus to more abstract mathematics is to acquire the ability to understand proofs through use of the book and the multitude of proofs and problems that will be covered throughout. This book is meant to be a transitional precursor to more complex topics in analysis, advanced number theory, and abstract algebra. To achieve the goal of conceptual understanding, a large number of problems and examples will be interspersed through every chapter. The problems are always presented in a multi-step and often very challenging, requiring the reader to think about proofs, counter-examples, and conjectures. Beyond the undergraduate mathematics student audience, the text can also offer a rigorous treatment of mathematics content (numbers and algebra) for high-achieving high school students. Furthermore, prospective teachers will add to the breadth of the audience as math education majors, will understand more thoroughly methods of proof, and will add to the depth of their mathematical knowledge. In the past, PNA has been taught in a "problem solving in middle school” course (twice), to a quite advanced high school students course (three semesters), and three times as a secondary resource for a course for future high school teachers. PNA is suitable for secondary math teachers who look for material to encourage and motivate more high achieving students.



Equations and Inequalities

Equations and Inequalities Author Jiri Herman
ISBN-10 9781461212706
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 344
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A look at solving problems in three areas of classical elementary mathematics: equations and systems of equations of various kinds, algebraic inequalities, and elementary number theory, in particular divisibility and diophantine equations. In each topic, brief theoretical discussions are followed by carefully worked out examples of increasing difficulty, and by exercises which range from routine to rather more challenging problems. While it emphasizes some methods that are not usually covered in beginning university courses, the book nevertheless teaches techniques and skills which are useful beyond the specific topics covered here. With approximately 330 examples and 760 exercises.



Challenging Problems in Algebra

Challenging Problems in Algebra Author Alfred S. Posamentier
ISBN-10 9780486131542
Release 2012-05-04
Pages 288
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Over 300 unusual problems, ranging from easy to difficult, involving equations and inequalities, Diophantine equations, number theory, quadratic equations, logarithms, more. Detailed solutions, as well as brief answers, for all problems are provided.



An Introduction to Mathematical Thinking

An Introduction to Mathematical Thinking Author William J. Gilbert
ISBN-10 0131848682
Release 2005
Pages 300
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Besides giving readers the techniques for solving polynomial equations and congruences, An Introduction to Mathematical Thinking provides preparation for understanding more advanced topics in Linear and Modern Algebra, as well as Calculus. This book introduces proofs and mathematical thinking while teaching basic algebraic skills involving number systems, including the integers and complex numbers. Ample questions at the end of each chapter provide opportunities for learning and practice; the Exercises are routine applications of the material in the chapter, while the Problems require more ingenuity, ranging from easy to nearly impossible. Topics covered in this comprehensive introduction range from logic and proofs, integers and diophantine equations, congruences, induction and binomial theorem, rational and real numbers, and functions and bijections to cryptography, complex numbers, and polynomial equations. With its comprehensive appendices, this book is an excellent desk reference for mathematicians and those involved in computer science.



Problem Solving and Selected Topics in Number Theory

Problem Solving and Selected Topics in Number Theory Author Michael Th. Rassias
ISBN-10 9781441904959
Release 2010-11-16
Pages 324
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The book provides a self-contained introduction to classical Number Theory. All the proofs of the individual theorems and the solutions of the exercises are being presented step by step. Some historical remarks are also presented. The book will be directed to advanced undergraduate, beginning graduate students as well as to students who prepare for mathematical competitions (ex. Mathematical Olympiads and Putnam Mathematical competition).



An Adventurer s Guide to Number Theory

An Adventurer s Guide to Number Theory Author Richard Friedberg
ISBN-10 9780486152691
Release 2012-07-06
Pages 240
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This witty introduction to number theory deals with the properties of numbers and numbers as abstract concepts. Topics include primes, divisibility, quadratic forms, and related theorems.



Mathematical Problems and Proofs

Mathematical Problems and Proofs Author Branislav Kisacanin
ISBN-10 9780306469633
Release 2007-05-08
Pages 220
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A gentle introduction to the highly sophisticated world of discrete mathematics, Mathematical Problems and Proofs presents topics ranging from elementary definitions and theorems to advanced topics -- such as cardinal numbers, generating functions, properties of Fibonacci numbers, and Euclidean algorithm. This excellent primer illustrates more than 150 solutions and proofs, thoroughly explained in clear language. The generous historical references and anecdotes interspersed throughout the text create interesting intermissions that will fuel readers' eagerness to inquire further about the topics and some of our greatest mathematicians. The author guides readers through the process of solving enigmatic proofs and problems, and assists them in making the transition from problem solving to theorem proving. At once a requisite text and an enjoyable read, Mathematical Problems and Proofs is an excellent entrée to discrete mathematics for advanced students interested in mathematics, engineering, and science.



Approximation by Algebraic Numbers

Approximation by Algebraic Numbers Author Yann Bugeaud
ISBN-10 1139455672
Release 2004-11-08
Pages
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Algebraic numbers can approximate and classify any real number. Here, the author gathers together results about such approximations and classifications. Written for a broad audience, the book is accessible and self-contained, with complete and detailed proofs. Starting from continued fractions and Khintchine's theorem, Bugeaud introduces a variety of techniques, ranging from explicit constructions to metric number theory, including the theory of Hausdorff dimension. So armed, the reader is led to such celebrated advanced results as the proof of Mahler's conjecture on S-numbers, the Jarnik–Besicovitch theorem, and the existence of T-numbers. Brief consideration is given both to the p-adic and the formal power series cases. Thus the book can be used for graduate courses on Diophantine approximation (some 40 exercises are supplied), or as an introduction for non-experts. Specialists will appreciate the collection of over 50 open problems and the rich and comprehensive list of more than 600 references.



A Course in Algebraic Number Theory

A Course in Algebraic Number Theory Author Robert B. Ash
ISBN-10 9780486477541
Release 2010
Pages 112
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This text for a graduate-level course covers the general theory of factorization of ideals in Dedekind domains as well as the number field case. It illustrates the use of Kummer's theorem, proofs of the Dirichlet unit theorem, and Minkowski bounds on element and ideal norms. 2003 edition.



Problems and Theorems in Linear Algebra

Problems and Theorems in Linear Algebra Author Viktor Vasil_evich Prasolov
ISBN-10 9780821802366
Release 1994-06-13
Pages 225
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There are a number of very good books available on linear algebra. However, new results in linear algebra appear constantly, as do new, simpler, and better proofs of old results. Many of these results and proofs obtained in the past thirty years are accessible to undergraduate mathematics majors, but are usually ignored by textbooks. In addition, more than a few interesting old results are not covered in many books. In this book, the author provides the basics of linear algebra, with an emphasis on new results and on nonstandard and interesting proofs. The book features about 230 problems with complete solutions. It can serve as a supplementary text for an undergraduate or graduate algebra course.



Problems in Algebraic Number Theory

Problems in Algebraic Number Theory Author M. Ram Murty
ISBN-10 9780387269986
Release 2006-03-30
Pages 352
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The problems are systematically arranged to reveal the evolution of concepts and ideas of the subject Includes various levels of problems - some are easy and straightforward, while others are more challenging All problems are elegantly solved



Number Theory

Number Theory Author Helmut Koch
ISBN-10 0821820540
Release 2000
Pages 368
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Early chapters discuss topics in elementary number theory, such as Minkowski's geometry of numbers, public-key cryptography and a short proof of the Prime Number Theorem, following Newman and Zagier. Next, some of the tools of algebraic number theory are introduced, such as ideals, discriminants and valuations. These results are then applied to obtain results about function fields, including a proof of the Riemann-Roch Theorem and, as an application of cyclotomic fields, a proof of the first case of Fermat's Last Theorem.There are a detailed exposition of the theory of Hecke L-series, following Tate, and explicit applications to number theory, such as the Generalized Riemann Hypothesis. Chapter 9 brings together the earlier material through the study of quadratic number fields. Finally, Chapter 10 gives an introduction to class field theory.



Number Theory

Number Theory Author Daniel Duverney
ISBN-10 9789814307468
Release 2010
Pages 335
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This textbook presents an elementary introduction to number theory and its different aspects: approximation of real numbers, irrationality and transcendence problems, continued fractions, diophantine equations, quadratic forms, arithmetical functions and algebraic number theory. Clear, concise, and self-contained, the topics are covered in 12 chapters with more than 200 solved exercises. The textbook may be used by undergraduates and graduate students, as well as high school mathematics teachers. More generally, it will be suitable for all those who are interested in number theory, the fascinating branch of mathematics.



Transcendental and Algebraic Numbers

Transcendental and Algebraic Numbers Author A. O. Gelfond
ISBN-10 9780486802251
Release 2015-01-05
Pages 208
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Primarily an advanced study of the modern theory of transcendental and algebraic numbers, this treatment by a distinguished Soviet mathematician focuses on the theory's fundamental methods. The text also chronicles the historical development of the theory's methods and explores the connections with other problems in number theory. The problem of approximating algebraic numbers is also studied as a case in the theory of transcendental numbers. Topics include the Thue-Siegel theorem, the Hermite-Lindemann theorem on the transcendency of the exponential function, and the work of C. Siegel on the transcendency of the Bessel functions and of the solutions of other differential equations. The final chapter considers the Gelfond-Schneider theorem on the transcendency of alpha to the power beta. Each proof is prefaced by a brief discussion of its scheme, which provides a helpful guide to understanding the proof's progression.



Elements of Algebra

Elements of Algebra Author John Stillwell
ISBN-10 9781475739763
Release 2013-04-18
Pages 184
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Algebra is abstract mathematics - let us make no bones about it - yet it is also applied mathematics in its best and purest form. It is not abstraction for its own sake, but abstraction for the sake of efficiency, power and insight. Algebra emerged from the struggle to solve concrete, physical problems in geometry, and succeeded after 2000 years of failure by other forms of mathematics. It did this by exposing the mathematical structure of geometry, and by providing the tools to analyse it. This is typical of the way algebra is applied; it is the best and purest form of application because it reveals the simplest and most universal mathematical structures. The present book aims to foster a proper appreciation of algebra by showing abstraction at work on concrete problems, the classical problems of construction by straightedge and compass. These problems originated in the time of Euclid, when geometry and number theory were paramount, and were not solved until th the 19 century, with the advent of abstract algebra. As we now know, alge bra brings about a unification of geometry, number theory and indeed most branches of mathematics. This is not really surprising when one has a historical understanding of the subject, which I also hope to impart.



Number Theory

Number Theory Author S. Shirali
ISBN-10 8173714541
Release 2003
Pages 108
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Number Theory has fascinated mathematicians from the most ancient of times. A remarkable feature of number theory is the fact that there is something in it for everyone from puzzle enthusiasts, problem solvers and amatcur mathematicians to professional scientists and technologists.



Numbers Rational and Irrational

Numbers  Rational and Irrational Author Ivan Morton Niven
ISBN-10 088385600X
Release 1961
Pages 140
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Numbers Rational and Irrational has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Numbers Rational and Irrational also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Numbers Rational and Irrational book for free.