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Public Investment the Rate of Return and Optimal Fiscal Policy

Public Investment  the Rate of Return  and Optimal Fiscal Policy Author Kenneth J. Arrow
ISBN-10 9781135988890
Release 2013-10-18
Pages 218
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This book, co-authored by the Nobel-prized economist, Kenneth Arrow, considers public expenditures in the context of modern growth theory. It analyzes optimal growth with public capital. A theory of 'controllability' is developed and injected into public economics and growth models. Originally published in 1970



Environmental Quality in a Growing Economy

Environmental Quality in a Growing Economy Author Henry Jarrett
ISBN-10 9781135987985
Release 2013-10-18
Pages 173
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Twelve scholars examine some leading problems in environmental quality, analyze present situations and future prospects, and suggest what might be done about them. Originally published in 1966



Scarcity and Growth Reconsidered

Scarcity and Growth Reconsidered Author V. Kerry Smith
ISBN-10 9781135989385
Release 2013-10-18
Pages 298
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Current views on resource availability are examined, along with the original Barnett-Morse thesis of resource supply. Originally published in 1979



Environmental Economics

Environmental Economics Author Karl-Göran Mäler
ISBN-10 9781135987428
Release 2013-11-26
Pages 257
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First Published in 2011. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.



Measuring the Benefits of Clean Air and Water

Measuring the Benefits of Clean Air and Water Author Allen V. Kneese
ISBN-10 9781135988265
Release 2013-10-18
Pages 159
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Kneese examines issues surrounding benefits assessment, including such tools as bidding games, surveys, property value studies, wage differentials, risk reduction evaluation, and mortality and morbidity cost estimation. He discusses methods for quantitatively estimating benefits derived from the maintenance or improvement of air and water quality. Suitable for undergraduate classroom use. Originally published in 1984



Scarcity and Growth

Scarcity and Growth Author Harold J. Barnett
ISBN-10 9781135989170
Release 2013-10-18
Pages 288
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In this classic study, the authors assess the importance of technological change and resource substitution in support of their conclusion that resource scarcity did not increase in the Unites States during the period 1870 to 1957. Originally published in 1963



Policy Instruments for Environmental and Natural Resource Management

Policy Instruments for Environmental and Natural Resource Management Author Thomas Sterner
ISBN-10 1891853120
Release 2003
Pages 504
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As Thomas Sterner points out, the economic 'toolkit' for dealing with environmental problems has become formidable. It includes taxes, charges, permits, deposit-refund systems, labeling, and other information disclosure mechanisms. Though not all these devices are widely used, empirical application has started within some sectors, and we are beginning to see the first systematic efforts at an advanced policy design that takes due account of market-based incentives. Sterner?s book encourages more widespread and careful use of economic policy instruments. Intended primarily for application in developing and transitional countries, the book compares the accumulated experiences of the use of economic policy instruments in the U.S. and Europe, as well as in select rich and poor countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Ambitious in scope, the book discusses the design of instruments that can be employed in a wide range of contexts, including transportation, industrial pollution, water pricing, waste, fisheries, forests, and agriculture. Policy Instruments for Environmental and Natural Resource Management is deeply rooted in economics but also informed by perspectives drawn from political, legal, ecological, and psychological research. Sterner notes that, in addition to meeting requirements for efficiency, the selection and design of policy instruments must satisfy criteria involving equity and political acceptability. He is careful to distinguish between the well-designed plans of policymakers and the resulting behavior of society. A copublication of Resources for the Future, the World Bank, and the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida).



Discounting for Time and Risk in Energy Policy

Discounting for Time and Risk in Energy Policy Author Robert C. Lind
ISBN-10 9781135985189
Release 2013-10-18
Pages 468
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This is a collection of theoretical papers, including contributions by Partha Dasgupta and three Nobel prize-winning economists: Kenneth Arrow, Amartya Sen, and Joseph Stiglitz. Originally published in 1982.



Natural Environments

Natural Environments Author John V. Krutilla
ISBN-10 9781135988548
Release 2013-10-18
Pages 352
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This study represents the first scholarly attempt to consider the difficult allocation problems associated with management of natural resources and proposed changes in the natural environment. Originally published in 1973



Accelerating Energy Innovation

Accelerating Energy Innovation Author Rebecca M. Henderson
ISBN-10 9780226326832
Release 2011-05-30
Pages 274
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Re-orienting current energy systems toward a far greater reliance on technologies with low or no carbon dioxide emissions is an immense challenge. At the broadest level the histories presented here are very much consistent with widely held views within the energy innovation policy literature. In general, this literature has suggested that greatly increasing rates of energy innovation requires creating significant demand for low carbon technologies, substantially increased federal funding for "well-managed" research, and in at least some cases support for the initial deployment of new technologies. As the other markets explored in this volume do not face the same degree of unpriced environmental externality, there is no straightforward equivalent to a carbon price in the history of agriculture, chemicals, IT or biopharmaceuticals. Nonetheless, our authors outline a number of ways in which public policy has often stimulated demand, particularly in the early stages of a technology's evolution, and confirm that the expectation of rapidly growing demand appears to have been a major stimulus to private sector investment in innovation. Each history also confirms the centrality of publicly funded research to the generation of innovation, particularly in the early stages of an industry's history, and highlights a range of institutional mechanisms that have enabled it to be simultaneously path breaking and directly connected to industrial practice. Our histories depart somewhat from the bulk of the energy innovation policy literature in focusing attention on the role of vigorous competition - particularly entry - in stimulating innovation, suggesting that in several industries a mix of public policies - including procurement, antitrust and intellectual property protection - played an important role in stimulating innovation by encouraging extensive competition and entry by newly founded firms. Many of the most innovative industries profiled here ha.



What Environmentalists Need to Know About Economics

What Environmentalists Need to Know About Economics Author J. Scorse
ISBN-10 9780230114043
Release 2010-10-25
Pages 226
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Easy-to-read and filled with real-world examples of the most complex environmental challenges, this book demonstrates that sound economic analysis and reasoning can be one of the environmental community's strongest allies. This is sure to become an invaluable resource for students, environmental organizations, and policymakers.



Effects of U S Tax Policy on Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Effects of U S  Tax Policy on Greenhouse Gas Emissions Author Committee on the Effects of Provisions in the Internal Revenue Code on Greenhouse Gas Emissions
ISBN-10 9780309282697
Release 2013-06-20
Pages 181
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The U.S. Congress charged the National Academies with conducting a review of the Internal Revenue Code to identify the types of and specific tax provisions that have the largest effects on carbon and other greenhouse gas emissions and to estimate the magnitude of those effects. To address such a broad charge, the National Academies appointed a committee composed of experts in tax policy, energy and environmental modeling, economics, environmental law, climate science, and related areas. For scientific background to produce Effects of U.S. Tax Policy on Greenhouse Gas Emissions, the committee relied on the earlier findings and studies by the National Academies, the U.S. government, and other research organizations. The committee has relied on earlier reports and studies to set the boundaries of the economic, environmental, and regulatory assumptions for the present study. The major economic and environmental assumptions are those developed by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) in its annual reports and modeling. Additionally, the committee has relied upon publicly available data provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, which inventories greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from different sources in the United States. The tax system affects emissions primarily through changes in the prices of inputs and outputs or goods and services. Most of the tax provisions considered in this report relate directly to the production or consumption of different energy sources. However, there is a substantial set of tax expenditures called "broad-based" that favor certain categories of consumption-among them, employer-provided health care, owner-occupied housing, and purchase of new plants and equipment. Effects of U.S. Tax Policy on Greenhouse Gas Emissions examines both tax expenditures and excise taxes that could have a significant impact on GHG emissions.



Extending the Cure

Extending the Cure Author Ramanan Laxminarayan
ISBN-10 9781933115573
Release 2007
Pages 175
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Our ability to treat common bacterial infections with antibiotics goes back only 65 years. However, the authors of this report make it clear that sustaining a supply of effective and affordable antibiotics cannot be without changes to the incentives facing patients, physicians, hospitals, insurers, and pharmaceutical manufacturers. In fact, increasing resistance to these drugs is already exacting a terrible price. Every day in the United States, approximately 172 men, women, and children die from infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria in hospitals alone. Beyond those deaths, antibiotic resistance is costing billions of dollars through prolonged hospital stays and the need for doctors to resort to ever more costly drugs to use as substitute treatments. Extending the Cure presents the problem of antibiotic resistance as a conflict between individual decision makers and their short-term interest and the interest of society as a whole, in both present and future: The effort that doctors make to please each patient by prescribing a drug when it might not be properly indicated, poor monitoring of discharged patients to ensure that they do not transmit drug-resistant pathogens to other persons, excesses in the marketing of new antibiotics, and the broad overuse of antibiotics all contribute to the development and spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. The book explores a range of policy options that would encourage patients, health care providers, and managed care organizations to serve as more responsible stewards of existing antibiotics as well as proposals that would give pharmaceutical firms greater incentives to develop new antibiotics and avoid overselling. If the problem continues unaddressed, antibiotic resistance has the potential to derail the health care system and return us to a world where people of all ages routinely die from simple infections. As a basis for future research and a spur to a critically important dialogue, Extending the Cure is a fundamental first step in addressing this public health crisis. The Extending the Cure project is funded in part by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation through its Pioneer Portfolio.



Economics and Policy Issues in Climate Change

Economics and Policy Issues in Climate Change Author William D. Nordhaus
ISBN-10 0915707950
Release 1998
Pages 324
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Global climate change has emerged to become one of the most challenging and controversial policy issues. Ìn this volume a group of scholars e×amines economic and social aspects of the phenomenon including discounting and intergenerational equity, and the role of cost-benefit analysis.



Tackling Long Term Global Energy Problems

Tackling Long Term Global Energy Problems Author Daniel Spreng
ISBN-10 9789400723320
Release 2012-01-03
Pages 336
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This book makes a case for a multidisciplinary and transdisciplinary approach to energy research—one that brings more of the social sciences to bear. Featuring eight studies from across the spectrum of the social sciences, each applying multiple disciplines to one or more energy-related problems, the book demonstrates the strong analytical and policy-making potential of such a broadened perspective. Case studies include: energy transitions of households in developing countries, the ‘curse of oil’, politics and visions for renewables, economics and ethics in emissions trading, and carbon capture and storage.



Climate Economics

Climate Economics Author Frank Ackerman
ISBN-10 9780415637183
Release 2013
Pages 187
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Climate science paints a bleak picture: The continued growth of greenhouse gas emissions is increasingly likely to cause irreversible and catastrophic effects. Urgent action is needed to prepare for the initial rounds of climatic change, which are already unstoppable. While the opportunity to avert all climate damage has now passed, well-designed mitigation and adaptation policies, if adopted quickly, could still greatly reduce the likelihood of the most tragic and far-reaching impacts of climate change. Climate economics is the bridge between science and policy, translating scientific predictions about physical systems into projections about economic growth and human welfare that decision makers can most readily use but it has too often consisted of an overly technical, academic approach to the problem. Getting climate economics right is not about publishing the cleverest article of the year but rather about helping solve the dilemma of the century. The tasks ahead are daunting, and failure, unfortunately, is quite possible. Better approaches to climate economics will allow economists to be part of the solution rather than part of the problem. This book analyzes potential paths for improvement.



Cost Benefit Analysis and the Environment Recent Developments

Cost Benefit Analysis and the Environment Recent Developments Author OECD
ISBN-10 9789264010055
Release 2006-01-30
Pages 314
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An in-depth assessment of the most recent conceptual and methodological developments in cost-benefit analysis and the environment.