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Quantitative Phase Imaging of Cells and Tissues

Quantitative Phase Imaging of Cells and Tissues Author Gabriel Popescu
ISBN-10 9780071663434
Release 2011-03-14
Pages 400
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Cutting-edge quantitative phase imaging techniques and their applications Filled with unique, full-color images taken by advanced quantitative phase imaging (QPI), Quantitative Phase Imaging of Cells and Tissues thoroughly explores this innovative technology and its biomedical applications. An introductory background on optical imaging and traditional optical microscopy is included to illustrate concept development. The book explains how various visualization modalities can be obtained by numerical calculations. This authoritative resource reveals how to take full advantage of the unprecedented capabilities of QPI, such as rendering scattering properties of minute subcellular structures and nanoscale fluctuations in live cells. Coverage includes: Groundwork Spatiotemporal field correlations Image characteristics Light microscopy Holography Point scanning QPI methods Principles of full-field QPI Off-axis full-field methods Phase-shifting techniques Common-path methods White light techniques Fourier transform light scattering (FTLS) Current trends in QPI



Introduction to Optical Microscopy

Introduction to Optical Microscopy Author Jerome Mertz
ISBN-10 0981519482
Release 2010
Pages 413
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Introduction to Optical Microscopy provides a rigorous and comprehensive overview of the fundamentals of optical microscopy. Starting from basic principles in Fourier optics, partial coherence, 3D imaging theory, and the physics of scattering and fluorescence, Introduction to Optical Microscopy explores a broad range of microscopy techniques. These include classical techniques such as phase contrast, confocal microscopy, etc., and progress to more modern techniques such as holographic microscopy, optical coherence tomography, two-photon microscopy, coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy, etc.. The final chapters present a survey of new directions, including structured illumination and superresolution. Introduction to Optical Microscopy is designed to provide a solid theoretical foundation for graduate students or researchers who want to enter the field. While valuable as a reference, it can also serve as a textbook, as it includes a corresponding website that provides problem sets and an instructor's solution manual.



Understanding Biophotonics

Understanding Biophotonics Author Kevin Tsia
ISBN-10 9789814411783
Release 2016-01-05
Pages 766
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Biophotonics involves understanding how light interacts with biological matter, from molecules and cells, to tissues and even whole organisms. Light can be used to probe biomolecular events, such as gene expression and protein–protein interaction, with impressively high sensitivity and specificity. The spatial and temporal distribution of biochemical constituents can also be visualized with light and, thus, the corresponding physiological dynamics in living cells, tissues, and organisms in real time. Light can also be used to alter the properties and behaviors of biological matter, such as to damage cancerous cells by laser surgery or therapy, and manipulate the neuronal signaling in a brain network. Fueled by the innovations in photonic technologies in the past half century, biophotonics continues to play a ubiquitous role in revolutionizing basic life science studies as well as biomedical diagnostics and therapies. Advancements in biophotonics in the past few decades can be seen not only in biochemistry and cell/molecular biology, but also in numerous preclinical applications. Researchers around the world are searching for ways to bring biophotonic technologies into real clinical practices, particularly cellular and molecular optical imaging. Meanwhile, emerging technologies, such as laser nanosurgery and nanoplasmonics, have created new insights for understanding, monitoring, and even curing diseases on a molecular basis. This book presents the essential basics of optics and biophotonics to newcomers (senior undergraduates or postgraduate researchers) who are interested in this multidisciplinary research field. With stellar contributions from leading experts, the book highlights the major advancements in preclinical diagnostics using optical microscopy and spectroscopy, including multiphoton microscopy, super-resolution microscopy, and endomicroscopy. It also introduces a number of emerging techniques and toolsets for biophotonics applications, such as nanoplasmonics, microresonators for molecular detection, and subcellular optical nanosurgery.



Biophotonics

Biophotonics Author Matthew Baker
ISBN-10 9781681741352
Release 2016-02-01
Pages 93
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Biophotonic diagnostics/biomedical spectroscopy can revolutionise the medical environment by providing a responsive and objective diagnostic environment. This book aims to explain the fundamentals of the physical techniques used combined with the particular requirements of analysing medical/clinical samples as a resource for any interested party. In addition, it will show the potential of this field for the future of medical science and act as a driver for translation across many different biological problems/questions.



Biomedical Optical Phase Microscopy and Nanoscopy

Biomedical Optical Phase Microscopy and Nanoscopy Author Natan T. Shaked
ISBN-10 9780124158719
Release 2012-11-05
Pages 411
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Written by leading optical phase microscopy experts, this book is a comprehensive reference to phase microscopy and nanoscopy techniques for biomedical applications, including differential interference contrast (DIC) microscopy, phase contrast microscopy, digital holographic microscopy, optical coherence tomography, tomographic phase microscopy, spectral-domain phase detection, and nanoparticle usage for phase nanoscopy The Editors show biomedical and optical engineers how to use phase microscopy for visualizing unstained specimens, and support the theoretical coverage with applied content and examples on designing systems and interpreting results in bio- and nanoscience applications. Provides a comprehensive overview of the principles and techniques of optical phase microscopy and nanoscopy with biomedical applications. Tips/advice on building systems and working with advanced imaging biomedical techniques, including interpretation of phase images, and techniques for quantitative analysis based on phase microscopy. Interdisciplinary approach that combines optical engineering, nanotechnology, biology and medical aspects of this topic. Each chapter includes practical implementations and worked examples.



Biomedical Applications of Light Scattering

Biomedical Applications of Light Scattering Author Adam Wax
ISBN-10 9780071598811
Release 2009-09-22
Pages 350
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Clinical applications include: detecting pre-cancerous and cancerous tissue states; characterizing cell and tissue properties for identifying disease; and assessing the presence and concentration of biochemicals for diagnostic purposes Part of the McGraw-Hill Biophotonics Series



Introduction to Biophotonics

Introduction to Biophotonics Author Paras N. Prasad
ISBN-10 9780471465393
Release 2004-01-16
Pages 593
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Paras Prasad’s text provides a basic knowledge of a broad range of topics so that individuals in all disciplines can rapidly acquire the minimal necessary background for research and development in biophotonics. Introduction to Biophotonics serves as both a textbook for education and training as well as a reference book that aids research and development of those areas integrating light, photonics, and biological systems. Each chapter contains a topic introduction, a review of key data, and description of future directions for technical innovation. Introduction to Biophotonics covers the basic principles of Optics Optical spectroscopy Microscopy Each section also includes illustrated examples and review questions to test and advance the reader’s knowledge. Sections on biosensors and chemosensors, important tools for combating biological and chemical terrorism, will be of particular interest to professionals in toxicology and other environmental disciplines. Introduction to Biophotonics proves a valuable reference for graduate students and researchers in engineering, chemistry, and the life sciences.



Nanophysics Nanomaterials Interface Studies and Applications

Nanophysics  Nanomaterials  Interface Studies  and Applications Author Olena Fesenko
ISBN-10 9783319564227
Release 2017-09-04
Pages 880
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This book presents some of the latest achievements in nanotechnology and nanomaterials from leading researchers in Ukraine, Europe, and beyond. It features selected peer-reviewed contributions from participants in the 4th International Science and Practice Conference Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials (NANO2016) held in Lviv, Ukraine on August 24-27, 2016. The International Conference was organized jointly by the Institute of Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv (Ukraine), University of Tartu (Estonia), University of Turin (Italy), and Pierre and Marie Curie University (France). Internationally recognized experts from a wide range of universities and research institutions share their knowledge and key results on topics ranging from nanooptics, nanoplasmonics, and interface studies to energy storage and biomedical applications.



Integrative Biophysics

Integrative Biophysics Author Fritz-Albert Popp
ISBN-10 9789401703734
Release 2013-03-09
Pages 504
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Most of the specialists working in this interdisciplinary field of physics, biology, biophysics and medicine are associated with "The International Institute of Biophysics" (IIB), in Neuss, Germany, where basic research and possibilities for applications are coordinated. The growth in this field is indicated by the increase in financial support, interest from the scientific community and frequency of publications. Audience: The scientists of IIB have presented the most essential background and applications of biophotonics in these lecture notes in biophysics, based on the summer school lectures by this group. This book is devoted to questions of elementary biophysics, as well as current developments and applications. It will be of interest to graduate and postgraduate students, life scientists, and the responsible officials of industries and governments looking for non-invasive methods of investigating biological tissues.



Micro and Nanophotonic Technologies

Micro  and Nanophotonic Technologies Author Patrick Meyrueis
ISBN-10 9783527699933
Release 2017-03-20
Pages 571
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Edited and authored by leading experts from top institutions in Europe, the US and Asia, this comprehensive overview of micro- and nanophotonics covers the physical and chemical fundamentals, while clearly focusing on the technologies and applications in industrial R&D. As such, the book reports on the four main areas of telecommunications and display technologies; light conversion and energy generation; light-based fabrication of materials; and micro- and nanophotonic devices in metrology and control.



Laser Manipulation of Cells and Tissues

Laser Manipulation of Cells and Tissues Author Michael W. Berns
ISBN-10 UVA:X030282044
Release 2007
Pages 768
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The use of laser-based manipulation tools has literally exploded on the cell biology and molecular pathology scene, resulting in as many different laser micromanipulation systems as there are people using them. This book ties all these systems and studies together, describing all of the different kinds of research and practical/analytical applications of laser manipulation. It also provides the reader with the basic information needed to actually build one's own laser micro-manipulation system. The combination of imaging and molecular probe technology with laser micromanipulation greatly extends the use of this technology in molecular, cellular, developmental and patho-biology/medicine. This book should be valuable to scientists, clinicians, and students in the fields of cell and developmental biology, cell physiology, cancer biology, pathology, and stem cell biology. * Devotes four chapters to laser catapulting and capture of DNA and other cellular material for biochemical analysis - a major use of this technology that has been adapted for molecular pathology both in clinical medicine and research * Discusses the theory of laser tweezers (optical tweezers) and its application to novel problems in biology * Covers topics on optoporation (getting things into cells), uncaging of molecules, and the ability to collect and analyze nanomolar amounts of cell material by an array of biochemical/physical tools of particular interest to cell biologists and drug discovery researchers



Raman Spectroscopy for Nanomaterials Characterization

Raman Spectroscopy for Nanomaterials Characterization Author Challa S.S.R. Kumar
ISBN-10 9783642206207
Release 2012-03-30
Pages 645
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First volume of a 40-volume series on nanoscience and nanotechnology, edited by the renowned scientist Challa S.S.R. Kumar. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview about Raman spectroscopy for the characterization of nanomaterials. Modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques are covered and make this volume essential reading for research scientists in academia and industry.



The Physics of Living Processes

The Physics of Living Processes Author Thomas Andrew Waigh
ISBN-10 9781118449943
Release 2014-10-13
Pages 624
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The Physics of Living Processes has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Physics of Living Processes also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Physics of Living Processes book for free.



Nanobiophotonics

Nanobiophotonics Author Gabriel Popescu
ISBN-10 9780071737029
Release 2010-07-23
Pages 432
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Cutting-edge coverage of nanobiophotonics Written by global experts, Nanobiophotonics offers in-depth details on this emerging, cross-disciplinary field. After discussions on cancer cell biology, electromagnetic fields, and nanophotonics, the book delves into nanobiophtoonics technologies and current research areas. This pioneering work covers the latest nanoscale and superresolution medical imaging methods and biomedical applications. Nanobiophotonics covers: Tissue pathology Light scattering by inhomogeneous media Nonlinear optics Vision restoration Optical low-coherence interferometric techniques Plasmonics and metamaterials Infrared spectroscopic imaging Scattering, absorbing, and modulating nanoprobes for coherence imaging Second-harmonic generation imaging of collagen-based systems Plasmon resonance energy transfer nanospectroscopy Erythrocyte nanoscale flickering as a marker for disease Superresolution far-field fluorescence microscopy



Fundamental Concepts in Biophysics

Fundamental Concepts in Biophysics Author Thomas Jue
ISBN-10 9781597453974
Release 2009-04-20
Pages 248
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In the first volume, Fundamental Concepts in Biophysics, the authors lay down a foundation for biophysics study. Rajiv Singh opens the book by pointing to the central importance of “Mathematical Methods in Biophysics”. William Fink follows with a discussion on “Quantum Mechanics Basic to Biophysical Methods”. Together, these two chapters establish some of the principles of mathematical physics underlying many biophysics techniques. Because computer modeling forms an intricate part of biophysics research, Subhadip Raychaudhuri and colleagues introduce the use of computer modeling in “Computational Modeling of Receptor–Ligand Binding and Cellular Signaling Processes”. Yin Yeh and coworkers bring to the reader’s attention the physical basis underlying the common use of fluorescence spectroscopy in biomedical research in their chapter “Fluorescence Spectroscopy”. Electrophysiologists have also applied biophysics techniques in the study of membrane proteins, and Tsung-Yu Chen et al. explore stochastic processes of ion transport in their “Electrophysiological Measurements of Membrane Proteins”. Michael Saxton takes up a key biophysics question about particle distribution and behavior in systems with spatial or temporal inhomogeneity in his chapter “Single–Particle Tracking”. Finally, in “NMR Measurement of Biomolecule Diffusion”, Thomas Jue explains how magnetic resonance techniques can map biomolecule diffusion in the cell to a theory of respiratory control. This book thus launches the Handbook of Modern Biophysics series and sets up for the reader some of the fundamental concepts underpinning the biophysics issues to be presented in future volumes.



Biomaterials and Medical Devices

Biomaterials and Medical Devices Author Ferdiansyah Mahyudin
ISBN-10 9783319148458
Release 2016-03-29
Pages 242
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This book presents an introduction to biomaterials with the focus on the current development and future direction of biomaterials and medical devices research and development in Indonesia. It is the first biomaterials book written by selected academic and clinical experts experts on biomaterials and medical devices from various institutions and industries in Indonesia. It serves as a reference source for researchers starting new projects, for companies developing and marketing products and for governments setting new policies. Chapter one covers the fundamentals of biomaterials, types of biomaterials, their structures and properties and the relationship between them. Chapter two discusses unconventional processing of biomaterials including nano-hybrid organic-inorganic biomaterials. Chapter three addresses biocompatibility issues including in vitro cytotoxicity, genotoxicity, in vitro cell models, biocompatibility data and its related failure. Chapter four describes degradable biomaterial for medical implants, which include biodegradable polymers, biodegradable metals, degradation assessment techniques and future directions. Chapter five focuses on animal models for biomaterial research, ethics, care and use, implantation study and monitoring and studies on medical implants in animals in Indonesia. Chapter six covers biomimetic bioceramics, natural-based biocomposites and the latest research on natural-based biomaterials in Indonesia. Chapter seven describes recent advances in natural biomaterial from human and animal tissue, its processing and applications. Chapter eight discusses orthopedic applications of biomaterials focusing on most common problems in Indonesia, and surgical intervention and implants. Chapter nine describes biomaterials in dentistry and their development in Indonesia.



Organic Electronics in Sensors and Biotechnology

Organic Electronics in Sensors and Biotechnology Author Ruth Shinar
ISBN-10 9780071596763
Release 2009-07-09
Pages 448
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The latest in organic electronics-based sensing and biotechnology Develop high-performance, field-deployable organic semiconductor-based biological, chemical, and physical sensor arrays using the comprehensive information contained in this definitive volume. Organic Electronics in Sensors and Biotechnology presents state-of-the-art technology alongside real-world applications and ongoing R & D. Learn about light, temperature, and pressure monitors, integrated flexible pyroelectric sensors, sensing of organic and inorganic compounds, and design of compact photoluminescent sensors. You will also get full details on organic lasers, organic electronics in memory elements, disease and pathogen detection, and conjugated polymers for advancing cellular biology. Monitor organic and inorganic compounds with OFETs Characterize organic materials using impedance spectroscopy Work with organic LEDs, photodetectors, and photovoltaic cells Form flexible pyroelectric sensors integrated with OFETs Build PL-based chemical and biological sensing modules and arrays Design organic semiconductor lasers and memory elements Use luminescent conjugated polymers as optical biosensors Deploy polymer-based switches and ion pumps at the microfluidic level