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Quantum Computation and Quantum Information

Quantum Computation and Quantum Information Author Michael A. Nielsen
ISBN-10 9781139495486
Release 2010-12-09
Pages
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One of the most cited books in physics of all time, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information remains the best textbook in this exciting field of science. This 10th anniversary edition includes an introduction from the authors setting the work in context. This comprehensive textbook describes such remarkable effects as fast quantum algorithms, quantum teleportation, quantum cryptography and quantum error-correction. Quantum mechanics and computer science are introduced before moving on to describe what a quantum computer is, how it can be used to solve problems faster than 'classical' computers and its real-world implementation. It concludes with an in-depth treatment of quantum information. Containing a wealth of figures and exercises, this well-known textbook is ideal for courses on the subject, and will interest beginning graduate students and researchers in physics, computer science, mathematics, and electrical engineering.



Quantum Computing Since Democritus

Quantum Computing Since Democritus Author Scott Aaronson
ISBN-10 9780521199568
Release 2013-03-14
Pages 370
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Takes students and researchers on a tour through some of the deepest ideas of maths, computer science and physics.



Elements of Quantum Computation and Quantum Communication

Elements of Quantum Computation and Quantum Communication Author Anirban Pathak
ISBN-10 9781466517929
Release 2013-06-20
Pages 340
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While there are many available textbooks on quantum information theory, most are either too technical for beginners or not complete enough. Filling this gap, Elements of Quantum Computation and Quantum Communication gives a clear, self-contained introduction to quantum computation and communication. Written primarily for undergraduate students in physics, mathematics, computer science, and related disciplines, this introductory text is also suitable for researchers interested in quantum computation and communication. Developed from the author’s lecture notes, the text begins with developing a perception of classical and quantum information and chronicling the history of quantum computation and communication. It then covers classical and quantum Turing machines, error correction, the quantum circuit model of computation, and complexity classes relevant to quantum computing and cryptography. After presenting mathematical techniques frequently used in quantum information theory and some basic ideas from quantum mechanics, the author describes quantum gates, circuits, algorithms, and error-correcting codes. He also explores the significance and applications of two unique quantum communication schemes: quantum teleportation and superdense coding. The book concludes with various aspects of quantum cryptography. Exploring recent developments and open questions in the field, this text prepares readers for further study and helps them understand more advanced texts and journal papers. Along with thought-provoking cartoons and brief biographies of key players in the field, each chapter includes examples, references, exercises, and problems with detailed solutions.



The Theory of Quantum Information

The Theory of Quantum Information Author John Watrous
ISBN-10 9781107180567
Release 2018-04-26
Pages 598
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Formal development of the mathematical theory of quantum information with clear proofs and exercises. For graduate students and researchers.



Problems and Solutions in Quantum Computing and Quantum Information

Problems and Solutions in Quantum Computing and Quantum Information Author
ISBN-10 9789813238428
Release 2018-02-13
Pages 556
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Quantum computing and quantum information are two of the fastest growing and most exciting research fields in physics. Entanglement, teleportation and the possibility of using the non-local behavior of quantum mechanics to factor integers in random polynomial time have also added to this new interest. This book presents a huge collection of problems in quantum computing and quantum information together with their detailed solutions, which will prove to be invaluable to students as well as researchers in these fields. Each chapter gives a comprehensive introduction to the topics. All the important concepts and areas such as quantum gates and quantum circuits, product Hilbert spaces, entanglement and entanglement measures, teleportation, Bell states, Bell measurement, Bell inequality, Schmidt decomposition, quantum Fourier transform, magic gate, von Neumann entropy, quantum cryptography, quantum error corrections, quantum games, number states and Bose operators, coherent states, squeezed states, Gaussian states, coherent Bell states, POVM measurement, quantum optics networks, beam splitter, phase shifter and Kerr Hamilton operator are included. A chapter on quantum channels has also been added. Furthermore a chapter on boolean functions and quantum gates with mapping bits to qubits is included. The topics range in difficulty from elementary to advanced. Almost all problems are solved in detail and most of the problems are self-contained. Each chapter also contains supplementary problems to challenge the reader. Programming problems with Maxima and SymbolicC++ implementations are also provided.



An Introduction to Quantum Computing

An Introduction to Quantum Computing Author Phillip Kaye
ISBN-10 9780198570004
Release 2007
Pages 274
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The authors provide an introduction to quantum computing. Aimed at advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in these disciplines, this text is illustrated with diagrams and exercises.



Quantum Computing from the Ground Up

Quantum Computing from the Ground Up Author Riley Tipton Perry
ISBN-10 9789814412131
Release 2012-07-11
Pages 256
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Quantum computing — the application of quantum mechanics to information — represents a fundamental break from classical information and promises to dramatically increase a computer's power. Many difficult problems, such as the factorization of large numbers, have so far resisted attack by classical computers yet are easily solved with quantum computers. If they become feasible, quantum computers will end standard practices such as RSA encryption. Most of the books or papers on quantum computing require (or assume) prior knowledge of certain areas such as linear algebra or quantum mechanics. The majority of the currently-available literature is hard to understand for the average computer enthusiast or interested layman. This text attempts to teach quantum computing from the ground up in an easily readable way, providing a comprehensive tutorial that includes all the necessary mathematics, computer science and physics. Errata(s) Errata



Quantum Information Theory

Quantum Information Theory Author Mark M. Wilde
ISBN-10 9781316813300
Release 2017-02-06
Pages
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Developing many of the major, exciting, pre- and post-millennium developments from the ground up, this book is an ideal entry point for graduate students into quantum information theory. Significant attention is given to quantum mechanics for quantum information theory, and careful studies of the important protocols of teleportation, superdense coding, and entanglement distribution are presented. In this new edition, readers can expect to find over 100 pages of new material, including detailed discussions of Bell's theorem, the CHSH game, Tsirelson's theorem, the axiomatic approach to quantum channels, the definition of the diamond norm and its interpretation, and a proof of the Choi–Kraus theorem. Discussion of the importance of the quantum dynamic capacity formula has been completely revised, and many new exercises and references have been added. This new edition will be welcomed by the upcoming generation of quantum information theorists and the already established community of classical information theorists.



Explorations in Quantum Computing

Explorations in Quantum Computing Author Colin P. Williams
ISBN-10 1846288878
Release 2010-12-07
Pages 717
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By the year 2020, the basic memory components of a computer will be the size of individual atoms. At such scales, the current theory of computation will become invalid. "Quantum computing" is reinventing the foundations of computer science and information theory in a way that is consistent with quantum physics - the most accurate model of reality currently known. Remarkably, this theory predicts that quantum computers can perform certain tasks breathtakingly faster than classical computers – and, better yet, can accomplish mind-boggling feats such as teleporting information, breaking supposedly "unbreakable" codes, generating true random numbers, and communicating with messages that betray the presence of eavesdropping. This widely anticipated second edition of Explorations in Quantum Computing explains these burgeoning developments in simple terms, and describes the key technological hurdles that must be overcome to make quantum computers a reality. This easy-to-read, time-tested, and comprehensive textbook provides a fresh perspective on the capabilities of quantum computers, and supplies readers with the tools necessary to make their own foray into this exciting field. Topics and features: concludes each chapter with exercises and a summary of the material covered; provides an introduction to the basic mathematical formalism of quantum computing, and the quantum effects that can be harnessed for non-classical computation; discusses the concepts of quantum gates, entangling power, quantum circuits, quantum Fourier, wavelet, and cosine transforms, and quantum universality, computability, and complexity; examines the potential applications of quantum computers in areas such as search, code-breaking, solving NP-Complete problems, quantum simulation, quantum chemistry, and mathematics; investigates the uses of quantum information, including quantum teleportation, superdense coding, quantum data compression, quantum cloning, quantum negation, and quantum cryptography; reviews the advancements made towards practical quantum computers, covering developments in quantum error correction and avoidance, and alternative models of quantum computation. This text/reference is ideal for anyone wishing to learn more about this incredible, perhaps "ultimate," computer revolution. Dr. Colin P. Williams is Program Manager for Advanced Computing Paradigms at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, and CEO of Xtreme Energetics, Inc. an advanced solar energy company. Dr. Williams has taught quantum computing and quantum information theory as an acting Associate Professor of Computer Science at Stanford University. He has spent over a decade inspiring and leading high technology teams and building business relationships with and Silicon Valley companies. Today his interests include terrestrial and Space-based power generation, quantum computing, cognitive computing, computational material design, visualization, artificial intelligence, evolutionary computing, and remote olfaction. He was formerly a Research Scientist at Xerox PARC and a Research Assistant to Prof. Stephen W. Hawking, Cambridge University.



Quantum Computing

Quantum Computing Author Eleanor G. Rieffel
ISBN-10 9780262015066
Release 2011-03-04
Pages 372
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A thorough exposition of quantum computing and the underlying concepts of quantum physics, with explanations of the relevant mathematics and numerous examples.



Introduction to Topological Quantum Computation

Introduction to Topological Quantum Computation Author Jiannis K. Pachos
ISBN-10 9781139936682
Release 2012-04-12
Pages
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Combining physics, mathematics and computer science, topological quantum computation is a rapidly expanding research area focused on the exploration of quantum evolutions that are immune to errors. In this book, the author presents a variety of different topics developed together for the first time, forming an excellent introduction to topological quantum computation. The makings of anyonic systems, their properties and their computational power are presented in a pedagogical way. Relevant calculations are fully explained, and numerous worked examples and exercises support and aid understanding. Special emphasis is given to the motivation and physical intuition behind every mathematical concept. Demystifying difficult topics by using accessible language, this book has broad appeal and is ideal for graduate students and researchers from various disciplines who want to get into this new and exciting research field.



Quantum Algorithms Via Linear Algebra

Quantum Algorithms Via Linear Algebra Author Richard J. Lipton
ISBN-10 9780262028394
Release 2014-12-15
Pages 208
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Quantum computing explained in terms of elementary linear algebra, emphasizing computation and algorithms and requiring no background in physics.



Quantum Computing Explained

Quantum Computing Explained Author David McMahon
ISBN-10 0470181362
Release 2007-12-14
Pages 420
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A self-contained treatment of the fundamentals of quantum computing This clear, practical book takes quantum computing out of the realm of theoretical physics and teaches the fundamentals of the field to students and professionals who have not had training in quantum computing or quantum information theory, including computer scientists, programmers, electrical engineers, mathematicians, physics students, and chemists. The author cuts through the conventions of typical jargon-laden physics books and instead presents the material through his unique "how-to" approach and friendly, conversational style. Readers will learn how to carry out calculations with explicit details and will gain a fundamental grasp of: * Quantum mechanics * Quantum computation * Teleportation * Quantum cryptography * Entanglement * Quantum algorithms * Error correction A number of worked examples are included so readers can see how quantum computing is done with their own eyes, while answers to similar end-of-chapter problems are provided for readers to check their own work as they learn to master the information. Ideal for professionals and graduate-level students alike, Quantum Computing Explained delivers the fundamentals of quantum computing readers need to be able to understand current research papers and go on to study more advanced quantum texts.



Quantum Walks and Search Algorithms

Quantum Walks and Search Algorithms Author Renato Portugal
ISBN-10 9781461463368
Release 2013-02-16
Pages 222
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This book addresses an interesting area of quantum computation called quantum walks, which play an important role in building quantum algorithms, in particular search algorithms. Quantum walks are the quantum analogue of classical random walks. It is known that quantum computers have great power for searching unsorted databases. This power extends to many kinds of searches, particularly to the problem of finding a specific location in a spatial layout, which can be modeled by a graph. The goal is to find a specific node knowing that the particle uses the edges to jump from one node to the next. This book is self-contained with main topics that include: Grover's algorithm, describing its geometrical interpretation and evolution by means of the spectral decomposition of the evolution operator Analytical solutions of quantum walks on important graphs like line, cycles, two-dimensional lattices, and hypercubes using Fourier transforms Quantum walks on generic graphs, describing methods to calculate the limiting distribution and mixing time Spatial search algorithms, with emphasis on the abstract search algorithm (the two-dimensional lattice is used as an example) Szedgedy's quantum-walk model and a natural definition of quantum hitting time (the complete graph is used as an example) The reader will benefit from the pedagogical aspects of the book, learning faster and with more ease than would be possible from the primary research literature. Exercises and references further deepen the reader's understanding, and guidelines for the use of computer programs to simulate the evolution of quantum walks are also provided.



Quantum Machine Learning

Quantum Machine Learning Author Peter Wittek
ISBN-10 9780128010990
Release 2014-09-10
Pages 176
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Quantum Machine Learning bridges the gap between abstract developments in quantum computing and the applied research on machine learning. Paring down the complexity of the disciplines involved, it focuses on providing a synthesis that explains the most important machine learning algorithms in a quantum framework. Theoretical advances in quantum computing are hard to follow for computer scientists, and sometimes even for researchers involved in the field. The lack of a step-by-step guide hampers the broader understanding of this emergent interdisciplinary body of research. Quantum Machine Learning sets the scene for a deeper understanding of the subject for readers of different backgrounds. The author has carefully constructed a clear comparison of classical learning algorithms and their quantum counterparts, thus making differences in computational complexity and learning performance apparent. This book synthesizes of a broad array of research into a manageable and concise presentation, with practical examples and applications. Bridges the gap between abstract developments in quantum computing with the applied research on machine learning Provides the theoretical minimum of machine learning, quantum mechanics, and quantum computing Gives step-by-step guidance to a broader understanding of this emergent interdisciplinary body of research



Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Introduction to Quantum Information Science Author Masahito Hayashi
ISBN-10 9783662435021
Release 2014-08-22
Pages 332
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This book presents the basics of quantum information, e.g., foundation of quantum theory, quantum algorithms, quantum entanglement, quantum entropies, quantum coding, quantum error correction and quantum cryptography. The required knowledge is only elementary calculus and linear algebra. This way the book can be understood by undergraduate students. In order to study quantum information, one usually has to study the foundation of quantum theory. This book describes it from more an operational viewpoint which is suitable for quantum information while traditional textbooks of quantum theory lack this viewpoint. The current book bases on Shor's algorithm, Grover's algorithm, Deutsch-Jozsa's algorithm as basic algorithms. To treat several topics in quantum information, this book covers several kinds of information quantities in quantum systems including von Neumann entropy. The limits of several kinds of quantum information processing are given. As important quantum protocols, this book contains quantum teleportation, quantum dense coding, quantum data compression. In particular conversion theory of entanglement via local operation and classical communication are treated too. This theory provides the quantification of entanglement, which coincides with von Neumann entropy. The next part treats the quantum hypothesis testing. The decision problem of two candidates of the unknown state are given. The asymptotic performance of this problem is characterized by information quantities. Using this result, the optimal performance of classical information transmission via noisy quantum channel is derived. Quantum information transmission via noisy quantum channel by quantum error correction are discussed too. Based on this topic, the secure quantum communication is explained. In particular, the quantification of quantum security which has not been treated in existing book is explained. This book treats quantum cryptography from a more practical viewpoint.



Quantum Information Computation and Communication

Quantum Information  Computation and Communication Author Jonathan A. Jones
ISBN-10 9781139510622
Release 2012-07-19
Pages
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Quantum physics allows entirely new forms of computation and cryptography, which could perform tasks currently impossible on classical devices, leading to an explosion of new algorithms, communications protocols and suggestions for physical implementations of all these ideas. As a result, quantum information has made the transition from an exotic research topic to part of mainstream undergraduate courses in physics. Based on years of teaching experience, this textbook builds from simple fundamental concepts to cover the essentials of the field. Aimed at physics undergraduate students with a basic background in quantum mechanics, it guides readers through theory and experiment, introducing all the central concepts without getting caught up in details. Worked examples and exercises make this useful as a self-study text for those who want a brief introduction before starting on more advanced books. Solutions are available online at www.cambridge.org/9781107014466.