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Quantum Mechanics

Quantum Mechanics Author Mark Beck
ISBN-10 9780199798230
Release 2012-07-01
Pages 480
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This textbook presents quantum mechanics at the junior/senior undergraduate level. It is unique in that it describes not only quantum theory, but also presents five laboratories that explore truly modern aspects of quantum mechanics. These laboratories include "proving" that light contains photons, single-photon interference, and tests of local realism. The text begins by presenting the classical theory of polarization, moving on to describe the quantum theory of polarization. Analogies between the two theories minimize conceptual difficulties that students typically have when first presented with quantum mechanics. Furthermore, because the laboratories involve studying photons, using photon polarization as a prototypical quantum system allows the laboratory work to be closely integrated with the coursework. Polarization represents a two-dimensional quantum system, so the introduction to quantum mechanics uses two-dimensional state vectors and operators. This allows students to become comfortable with the mathematics of a relatively simple system, before moving on to more complicated systems. After describing polarization, the text goes on to describe spin systems, time evolution, continuous variable systems (particle in a box, harmonic oscillator, hydrogen atom, etc.), and perturbation theory. The book also includes chapters which describe material that is frequently absent from undergraduate texts: quantum measurement, entanglement, quantum field theory and quantum information. This material is connected not only to the laboratories described in the text, but also to other recent experiments. Other subjects covered that do not often make their way into undergraduate texts are coherence, complementarity, mixed states, the density operator and coherent states. Supplementary material includes further details about implementing the laboratories, including parts lists and software for running the experiments. Computer simulations of some of the experiments are available as well. A solutions manual for end-of-chapter problems is available to instructors.

Multiscale Methods in Quantum Mechanics

Multiscale Methods in Quantum Mechanics Author Philippe Blanchard
ISBN-10 9780817682026
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 220
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This volume explores multiscale methods as applied to various areas of physics and to the relative developments in mathematics. In the last few years, multiscale methods have lead to spectacular progress in our understanding of complex physical systems and have stimulated the development of very refined mathematical techniques. At the same time on the experimental side, equally spectacular progress has been made in developing experimental machinery and techniques to test the foundations of quantum mechanics.

Exploring Quantum Physics through Hands on Projects

Exploring Quantum Physics through Hands on Projects Author David Prutchi
ISBN-10 9781118170700
Release 2012-02-28
Pages 300
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Build an intuitive understanding of the principles behind quantum mechanics through practical construction and replication of original experiments With easy-to-acquire, low-cost materials and basic knowledge of algebra and trigonometry, Exploring Quantum Physics through Hands-on Projects takes readers step by step through the process of re-creating scientific experiments that played an essential role in the creation and development of quantum mechanics. Presented in near chronological order—from discoveries of the early twentieth century to new material on entanglement—this book includes question- and experiment-filled chapters on: Light as a Wave Light as Particles Atoms and Radioactivity The Principle of Quantum Physics Wave/Particle Duality The Uncertainty Principle Schrödinger (and his Zombie Cat) Entanglement From simple measurements of Planck's constant to testing violations of Bell's inequalities using entangled photons, Exploring Quantum Physics through Hands-on Projects not only immerses readers in the process of quantum mechanics, it provides insight into the history of the field—how the theories and discoveries apply to our world not only today, but also tomorrow. By immersing readers in groundbreaking experiments that can be performed at home, school, or in the lab, this first-ever, hands-on book successfully demystifies the world of quantum physics for all who seek to explore it—from science enthusiasts and undergrad physics students to practicing physicists and engineers.

Compendium of Quantum Physics

Compendium of Quantum Physics Author Daniel Greenberger
ISBN-10 3540706267
Release 2009-07-25
Pages 901
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With contributions by leading quantum physicists, philosophers and historians, this comprehensive A-to-Z of quantum physics provides a lucid understanding of key concepts of quantum theory and experiment. It covers technical and interpretational aspects alike, and includes both traditional and new concepts, making it an indispensable resource for concise, up-to-date information about the many facets of quantum physics.

Quantum Retrocausation Theory and Experiment

Quantum Retrocausation  Theory and Experiment Author Daniel P. Sheehan
ISBN-10 0735409811
Release 2011-12-22
Pages 318
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This conference proceedings would be of interest to theoretical and experimental physicists in the areas of foundations of physics, nature of time, foundations of quantum mechanics, quantum measurement, quantum computation. Philosophers of science and physics. Retrocausation, the process whereby the future affects its past, is central to the modern movement to understand the fundamental physical nature of time. This conference volume presents the most recent theoretical and experimental results at the forefront of the nascent field of physical chronology.

Quantum Mechanics

Quantum Mechanics Author Phillip James Edwin Peebles
ISBN-10 0691087555
Release 1992
Pages 419
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P.J.E. Peebles teaches the often counterintuitive physics of quantum mechanics by working through detailed applications of general ideas. A principal example used in the book is the hyperfine structure of atomic hydrogen (the 21 cm line): the computation of the energy splitting and the induced and spontaneous transition rates. Peebles makes room for such calculations by omitting unneeded elements that can be readily found in the standard treatises after one fully understands the principles of quantum mechanics. To give a flavor of the discovery of the remarkable world picture of quantum mechanics, the author presents a set of examples of physics that are well worth knowing even aside from their historical interest. Then the general principles of quantum mechanics are stated first in terms of wave mechanics and then in the standard abstract linear space formalism. Measurement theory, an essential part of quantum mechanics, is discussed in some detail. The book also emphasizes the art of numerical estimates. And, lastly, a large number of problems are presented, some easy, some challenging, but all selected because they are physically interesting. The book is designed for advanced undergraduates or beginning graduate students in physics.

Time in Quantum Mechanics

Time in Quantum Mechanics Author Gonzalo Muga
ISBN-10 9783540734734
Release 2007-11-30
Pages 455
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The treatment of time in quantum mechanics is still an important and challenging open question in the foundation of the quantum theory. This multi-authored book, written as an introductory guide for newcomers to the subject, as well as a useful source of information for the expert, covers many of the open questions. The book describes the problems, and the attempts and achievements in defining, formalizing and measuring different time quantities in quantum theory.

Through Two Doors at Once

Through Two Doors at Once Author Anil Ananthaswamy
ISBN-10 9781101986110
Release 2018-08-07
Pages 304
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The intellectual adventure story of the "double-slit" experiment, showing how a sunbeam split into two paths first challenged our understanding of light and then the nature of reality itself--and continues to almost 200 years later. Many of the greatest scientific minds have grappled with this experiment. Thomas Young devised it in the early 1800s to show that light behaves like a wave, and in doing so opposed Isaac Newton's view that light is made of particles. But then Albert Einstein showed that light comes in quanta, or particles. Quantum mechanics was born. This led to a fierce debate between Einstein and Niels Bohr over the nature of reality--subatomic bits of matter and its interaction with light--again as revealed by the double-slit experiment. Richard Feynman held that it embodies the central mystery of the quantum world. Decade after decade, hypothesis after hypothesis, scientists have returned to this ingenious experiment to help them answer deeper and deeper questions about the fabric of the universe. How can a single particle behave both like a particle and a wave? Does a particle, or indeed reality, exist before we look at it, or does looking create reality, as the textbook "Copenhagen interpretation" of quantum mechanics seems to suggest? How can particles influence each other faster than the speed of light? Is there a place where the quantum world ends and the familiar classical world of our daily lives begins, and if so, can we find it? And if there's no such place, then does the universe split into two each time a particle goes through the double-slit? Through Two Doors at Once celebrates the elegant simplicity of an iconic experiment and its profound reach. With his extraordinarily gifted eloquence, Anil Ananthaswamy travels around the world, through history and down to the smallest scales of physical reality we have yet fathomed. It is the most fantastic voyage you can take.

Foundations of Quantum Mechanics

Foundations of Quantum Mechanics Author T D Black
ISBN-10 9789814505543
Release 1992-04-30
Pages 376
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The advent of new experimental techniques has made possible a new generation of more precise experimental tests of fundamental quantum mechanics. This workshop addressed the confrontation of new and proposed experimental tests of quantum mechanics with standard and nonstandard quantum theory. The broad, cross-disciplinary view of the subject brought together eminent theorists and experimentalists from diverse fields. Contents: Computational Approach to the Quantum Zeno Effect (H Fearn & W E Lamb, Jr.)Measurement Theory (E C G Sudarshan)Spectroscopy on Individual Trapped Particle: Some Experiments and Ideas (H Dehmelt)Physical Interpretation of Supercoherent States and Their Associated Grassman Numbers (M M Nieto)The Quantum Hall Effect and Coordinate-Free Quantization (J R Klauder & E Onofri)The Quantum Mechanics of Trapped Wave Packets (R J Glauber)The One-atom Maser and the Generation of Nonclassical Light (H Walther)Integration of Poincare's Non-Integrable Systems for Classical and Quantum Mechanics (T Petrosky)Measurement of the Acceleration Due to Gravity with an Atomic Interferometer (M Kasevich & S Chu)Double Beta Decay (S P Rosen)and other papers Readership: Physicists. keywords:

The Quantum Challenge

The Quantum Challenge Author George Greenstein
ISBN-10 076372470X
Release 2006
Pages 300
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The Quantum Challenge, Second Edition, is an engaging and thorough treatment of the extraordinary phenomena of quantum mechanics and of the enormous challenge they present to our conception of the physical world. Traditionally, the thrill of grappling with such issues is reserved for practicing scientists, while physical science, mathematics, and engineering students are often isolated from these inspiring questions. This book was written to remove this isolation.

Quantum Computing

Quantum Computing Author Joachim Stolze
ISBN-10 3527404384
Release 2004-09-03
Pages 244
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Aimed at students and newcomers to the field of quantum computing, this book presents the basics of quantum communication and quantum information processing before looking at practical applications. This edition contains material on working with single photons, and end-of-chapter problems.

Quantum Interference and Coherence

Quantum Interference and Coherence Author Zbigniew Ficek
ISBN-10 9780387229652
Release 2005
Pages 418
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This book brings together and discusses for the first time detailed analyses of the experiments with trapped ions, experiments on quantum beats, coherent population trapping, electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT), electromagnetically induced absorption, creation of dark-states polaritons, subluminal and superluminal light, realization of a Fock state, and interference experiments in atom optics on atom grating, momentum distribution, and atom tunneling. This book is unique in many respects and will fill a gap in the literature.

Introduction to Quantum Mechanics

Introduction to Quantum Mechanics Author Sy M. Blinder
ISBN-10 9780080489285
Release 2012-12-02
Pages 319
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Introduction to Quantum Mechanics provides a lucid, up-to-date introduction to the principles of quantum mechanics at the level of undergraduates and first-year graduate students in chemistry, materials science, biology and related fields. It shows how the fundamental concepts of quantum theory arose from classic experiments in physics and chemistry, and presents the quantum-mechanical foundations of modern techniques including molecular spectroscopy, lasers and NMR. Blinder also discusses recent conceptual developments in quantum theory, including Schrödinger's Cat, the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen experiment, Bell's theorem and quantum computing. Clearly presents the basics of quantum mechanics and modern developments in the field Explains applications to molecular spectroscopy, lasers, NMR, and MRI Introduces new concepts such as Schrödinger's Cat, Bell's Theorem, and quantum computing Includes full-color illustrations, proven pedagogical features, and links to online materials

Neutron Interferometry

Neutron Interferometry Author Helmut Rauch
ISBN-10 9780198712510
Release 2015
Pages 447
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Quantum interference phenomena are vividly displayed in the wide assembly of neutron interferometry experiments, which have been carried out since the first demonstration of a perfect silicon crystal interferometer in 1974. Since the neutron experiences all four fundamental forces of nature (strong, weak, electromagnetic, and gravitational), interferometry with neutrons provides a fertile testing ground for theory and precision measurements. The quantum physicsideas of entanglement, non-locality and contexuality, the topological Aharonov-Bohm phenomena, the Berry geometric phases and the Bell's inequalities are beautifully displayed by the 40 neutroninterferometry experiments described and explained in this book.

The World According to Quantum Mechanics

The World According to Quantum Mechanics Author Ulrich Mohrhoff
ISBN-10 9789814293372
Release 2011
Pages 298
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An invaluable supplement to standard textbooks on quantum mechanics, this unique introduction to the general theoretical framework of contemporary physics focuses on conceptual, epistemological, and ontological issues. The theory is developed by pursuing the question: what does it take to have material objects that neither collapse nor explode as soon as they are formed? The stability of matter thus emerges as the chief reason why the laws of physics have the particular form that they do.The first of the book's three parts familiarizes the reader with the basics by discussing crucial experiments, a brief historical survey, and by following Feynman's route to the Schr”dinger equation. The necessary mathematics is introduced along the way, to the point that all relevant theoretical concepts can be adequately grasped. Part II gets down to the nitty-gritty. As the theory takes shape, it is applied to various experimental arrangements. Many of these are central to the discussion in the final part, which aims at making epistemological and ontological sense of the theory. Pivotal to this task is an understanding of the special status that quantum mechanics attributes to measurements ? without dragging in ?the consciousness of the observer.? Key to this understanding is a rigorous definition of ?macroscopic? which, while rarely even attempted, is conveniently provided in this book.

The Physical Principles of the Quantum Theory

The Physical Principles of the Quantum Theory Author Werner Heisenberg
ISBN-10 9780486318417
Release 2013-04-15
Pages 208
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Nobel Laureate discusses quantum theory, uncertainty, wave mechanics, work of Dirac, Schroedinger, Compton, Einstein, others. "An authoritative statement of Heisenberg's views on this aspect of the quantum theory." — Nature.

Quantum Mechanics

Quantum Mechanics Author Nouredine Zettili
ISBN-10 9780470746561
Release 2009-01-22
Pages 688
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Quantum Mechanics: Concepts and Applications provides a clear, balanced and modern introduction to the subject. Written with the student’s background and ability in mind the book takes an innovative approach to quantum mechanics by combining the essential elements of the theory with the practical applications: it is therefore both a textbook and a problem solving book in one self-contained volume. Carefully structured, the book starts with the experimental basis of quantum mechanics and then discusses its mathematical tools. Subsequent chapters cover the formal foundations of the subject, the exact solutions of the Schrödinger equation for one and three dimensional potentials, time-independent and time-dependent approximation methods, and finally, the theory of scattering. The text is richly illustrated throughout with many worked examples and numerous problems with step-by-step solutions designed to help the reader master the machinery of quantum mechanics. The new edition has been completely updated and a solutions manual is available on request. Suitable for senior undergradutate courses and graduate courses.