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Rainwater Harvesting for Agriculture in the Dry Areas

Rainwater Harvesting for Agriculture in the Dry Areas Author Theib Y. Oweis
ISBN-10 9780415621144
Release 2012-05-21
Pages 266
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Dry areas suffer not only from limited rainfall but also ‘natural leakage’—90% of rainwater is lost directly or indirectly, and is unavailable for agriculture or domestic use. Water harvesting is a low-cost, easy-to-use, environmentally-friendly way to recover a large part of this lost water. How does water harvesting work? Which sites or areas are best suited and how can these areas be identified? How to design, build and maintain a water harvesting system tailored to local needs? How can water harvesting contribute to combating land degradation, enhancing food security and adapting to climate change? This book provides the answers. The book is based on many years of research, training and development by three of the world’s leading experts in water management and agriculture. It is authoritative, comprehensive, and easy to read, containing practical examples, many illustrations and little jargon. This volume will be of great interest to researchers, development workers, farmers, policymakers, students of the natural sciences—in fact, anyone interested in efficient, sustainable management of water resources and agriculture.



Rainwater Smart Agriculture in Arid and Semi Arid Areas

Rainwater Smart Agriculture in Arid and Semi Arid Areas Author Walter Leal Filho
ISBN-10 9783319662398
Release 2017-12-28
Pages 392
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This book introduces state-of-the-art approaches, methods and research, focusing on smart management of rainwater. In addition, it provides an overview of projects from across the world, illustrating how rainwater-smart management has been implemented in drylands. Focusing on the scientific perspective it demonstrates how rural dryland agriculture can be improved. It also documents the wealth of rainwater-smart know-how available today, and replicates and transfers results to other countries and regions, to encourage cross-sector interactions among various stakeholders, such as practitioners from governmental and public organisations, policy- and decision-makers, and teaching staff from academic scientific institutions. The contributors showcase vital lessons learned from research, field projects and best-practice examples. They address the integrated use of rainwater harvesting management with landscape restoration practices and water-, and climate-smart agriculture for food security and poverty alleviation in arid and semi-arid areas. Original research, combined with the contributors’ synthetic approach, lays a foundation for new concepts and ideas. Through case studies and research reports, the book discusses all the relevant issues necessary for the comprehensive analysis and successful implementation of the technologies in rainwater management. Highlighting the working principles and technical recommendations with regard to cost-efficient rainwater-smart solutions, it is of interest to practitioners. It is also a valuable resource for academic specialists, professionals and students, since many development agencies are funding rainwater harvesting for irrigation purposes.



Innovations in Dryland Agriculture

Innovations in Dryland Agriculture Author Muhammad Farooq
ISBN-10 9783319479286
Release 2017-02-28
Pages 571
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This book is a ready reference on recent innovations in dryland agriculture and reinforces the understanding for its utilization to develop environmentally sustainable and profitable food production systems. It covers the basic concepts and history, components and elements, breeding and modelling efforts, and potential benefits, experiences, challenges and innovations relevant to agriculture in dryland areas around world.



Rainwater Harvesting for Agriculture and Water Supply

Rainwater Harvesting for Agriculture and Water Supply Author Qiang Zhu
ISBN-10 9789812879646
Release 2015-12-08
Pages 378
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This book offers key resource materials developed for an international training course on Rainwater Harvesting and Utilization hosted annually by the Gansu Research Institute for Water Conservancy in Lanzhou, China since 2003. Topics cover the design, construction and management of rainwater harvesting systems for domestic water supply and supplementary irrigation, rainwater quality issues and runoff farming. It presents case studies from successful rainwater-harvesting projects both in China and around the globe, and provides readers with essential information and inspiration alike. It is a valuable resource for researchers, practitioners and students in the area of water management, agriculture and sustainable development. Qiang Zhu is a research professor at Gansu Research Institute for Water Conservancy, Lanzhou, China; John Gould is a rainwater harvesting consultant based in Christchurch, New Zealand; Yuanhong Li is a research professor at Gansu Research Institute for Water Conservancy, Lanzhou, China; Chengxiang Ma is an engineer at Gansu Research Institute for Water Conservancy, Lanzhou, China.



Rainfed Agriculture

Rainfed Agriculture Author Suhas Pralhad Wani
ISBN-10 9781845934385
Release 2009-01-01
Pages 310
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Rainfed agriculture is generally overlooked by development investors, researchers and policy makers due to limited confidence in its ability to increase agricultural production and development. However, research undertaken by a team of leading scientists from global organizations demonstrates its potential in achieving food security, improving livelihoods and most importantly addressing issues of equity and poverty reduction in dryland areas - the hot spots of poverty. On the basis of case studies from varied agricultural and ecological regions in Asia and Africa, chapters discuss the need for adopting new paradigms between rainfed and irrigated agriculture, catchment/micro-watershed management approaches, upgrades in science-based development and more investments in rainfed areas. Yield gaps for major rainfed crops are analysed globally and possible ways and means including technological, social, and institutional options to bridge the yield gaps are discussed in detail. Covering areas such as rainwater harvesting and its efficient use, the rehabilitation of degraded land and assessment methods for social, environmental and economic impacts, this book will be necessary for both academics and policy makers working in water management, agriculture and sustainable development.



Water Harvesting in Sub Saharan Africa

Water Harvesting in Sub Saharan Africa Author William Critchley
ISBN-10 9781136273056
Release 2013-01-04
Pages 224
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Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa is constrained by highly variable rainfall, frequent drought and low water productivity. There is an urgent need, heightened by climate change, for appropriate technologies to address this problem through managing and increasing the quantity of water on farmers’ fields – water harvesting. This book defines water harvesting as a set of approaches which occupy an intermediate position along the water-management spectrum extending from in situ moisture conservation to irrigated agriculture. They generally comprise small-scale systems that induce, collect, store and make use of local surface runoff for agriculture. The authors review development experience and set out the state of the art of water harvesting for crop production and other benefits in Sub-Saharan Africa. This includes an assessment of water harvesting schemes that were initiated two or three decades ago when interest was stimulated by the droughts of the 1970s and 1980s. These provide lessons to promote sustainable development of dryland agriculture in the face of changing environmental conditions. Case studies from eight countries across Sub-Saharan Africa provide the evidence base. Each follows a similar format and is based on assessments conducted in collaboration with in-country partners, with a focus on attempts to promote adoption of water harvesting, both horizontally (spread) and vertically (institutionalization). Introductory cross-cutting chapters as well as an analytical conclusion are also included.



Water Productivity in Agriculture

Water Productivity in Agriculture Author J. W. Kijne
ISBN-10 9781845933395
Release 2003
Pages 332
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First title in a major new seriesAddresses improving water productivity to relieve problems of scarcity and competition to provide for food and environmental securityDraws from scientists having a multitude of disciplines to approach this important problemIn a large number of developing countries, policy makers and researchers are increasingly aware of the conflicting demands on water, and look at agriculture to be more effective in its use of water. Focusing on both irrigated and rain-fed agriculture, this book gives a state of the art review of the limits and opportunities for improving water productivity in crop production. It demonstrates how efficiency of water use can be enhanced to maximize yields. The book represents the first in a new series of volumes resulting from the Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture, a research program conducted by the CGIAR's Future Harvest Centres, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and partners worldwide. It will be of significant interest to those working in areas of soil and crop science, water management, irrigation, and development studies.



Water Harvesting and Supplemental Irrigation for Improved Water Use Efficiency in Dry Areas

Water Harvesting and Supplemental Irrigation for Improved Water Use Efficiency in Dry Areas Author Theib Oweis
ISBN-10 9789290903789
Release 1999-01-01
Pages 41
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With reference to West Asia and North Africa.



Indigenous Water harvesting Systems in West Asia and North Africa

Indigenous Water harvesting Systems in West Asia and North Africa Author Theib Yousef Oweis
ISBN-10 OCLC:171541237
Release 2004
Pages 173
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The role of indigenous knowledge in improving present water-harvesting practices; Water-harvesting systems in Tunisia; Indigenous water-harvesting systems in Jordan; Indigenous water-harvesting techniques in Marocco; Water-harvesting techniques in Syria; Indigenous systems of harvesting rainwater and runoff for agriculture in Lybia; Indigenous water-harvesting systems in Iraq; Rainwater harvesting systems in Egypt; Indigenous water-harvesting in Yemen; Indigenous water-harvesting systems in Pakistan.



Growing Food in a Hotter Drier Land

Growing Food in a Hotter  Drier Land Author Gary Paul Nabhan
ISBN-10 9781603584548
Release 2013-06-14
Pages 272
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How to harvest water and nutrients, select drought-tolerant plants, and create natural diversity Because climatic uncertainty has now become "the new normal," many farmers, gardeners and orchard-keepers in North America are desperately seeking ways to adapt their food production to become more resilient in the face of such "global weirding." This book draws upon the wisdom and technical knowledge from desert farming traditions all around the world to offer time-tried strategies for: Building greater moisture-holding capacity and nutrients in soils Protecting fields from damaging winds, drought, and floods Harvesting water from uplands to use in rain gardens and terraces filled with perennial crops Delecting fruits, nuts, succulents, and herbaceous perennials that are best suited to warmer, drier climates Gary Paul Nabhan is one of the world's experts on the agricultural traditions of arid lands. For this book he has visited indigenous and traditional farmers in the Gobi Desert, the Arabian Peninsula, the Sahara Desert, and Andalusia, as well as the Sonoran, Chihuahuan, and Painted deserts of North America, to learn firsthand their techniques and designs aimed at reducing heat and drought stress on orchards, fields, and dooryard gardens. This practical book also includes colorful "parables from the field" that exemplify how desert farmers think about increasing the carrying capacity and resilience of the lands and waters they steward. It is replete with detailed descriptions and diagrams of how to implement these desert-adapted practices in your own backyard, orchard, or farm. This unique book is useful not only for farmers and permaculturists in the arid reaches of the Southwest or other desert regions. Its techniques and prophetic vision for achieving food security in the face of climate change may well need to be implemented across most of North America over the next half-century, and are already applicable in most of the semiarid West, Great Plains, and the U.S. Southwest and adjacent regions of Mexico.



Innovations in Dryland Agriculture

Innovations in Dryland Agriculture Author Muhammad Farooq
ISBN-10 9783319479286
Release 2017-02-28
Pages 571
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This book is a ready reference on recent innovations in dryland agriculture and reinforces the understanding for its utilization to develop environmentally sustainable and profitable food production systems. It covers the basic concepts and history, components and elements, breeding and modelling efforts, and potential benefits, experiences, challenges and innovations relevant to agriculture in dryland areas around world.



Water and Land Security in Drylands

Water and Land Security in Drylands Author Mohamed Ouessar
ISBN-10 9783319540214
Release 2017-06-02
Pages 348
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This book presents recent lessons learned in the context of research and development for various dryland ecosystems, focusing on water resources management, land and vegetation cover degradation and remediation, and socioeconomic aspects, as well as integrated approaches to ensuring water and land security in view of the current and predicted climate change. As water and land are the essential bases of food production, the management of these natural resources is becoming a cornerstone for the development of dryland populations. The book gathers the peer-reviewed, revised versions of the most outstanding papers on these topics presented at the ILDAC2015 Conference in Djerba, Tunisia.



Arid Lands Water Evaluation and Management

Arid Lands Water Evaluation and Management Author Robert Maliva
ISBN-10 9783642291043
Release 2012-06-09
Pages 1076
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A large part of the global population lives in arid lands which have low rainfall and often lack the water required for sustainable population and economic growth. This book presents a comprehensive description of the hydrogeology and hydrologic processes at work in arid lands. It describes the techniques that can be used to assess and manage the water resources of these areas with an emphasis on groundwater resources, including recent advances in hydrologic evaluation and the differences between how aquifer systems behave in arid lands versus more humid areas. Water management techniques are described and summarized to show how a more comprehensive approach to water management is required in these areas, including the need to be aware of cultural sensitivities and conditions unique to many arid regions. The integration of existing resources with the addition of new water sources, such as desalination of brackish water and seawater, along with reusing treated wastewater, will be required to meet future water supply needs. Also, changing climatic conditions will force water management systems to be more robust so that future water supply demands can be met as droughts become more intense and rainfall events become more intense. A range of water management techniques are described and discussed in order to illustrate the methods for integrating these measures within the context of arid lands conditions.



Water Harvesting for Plant Production

Water Harvesting for Plant Production Author Chris Reij
ISBN-10 UIUC:30112048896655
Release 1988
Pages 123
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Water Harvesting for Plant Production has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Water Harvesting for Plant Production also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Water Harvesting for Plant Production book for free.



Overview of water and soil nutrient management under smallholder rain fed agriculture in East Africa

Overview of water and soil nutrient management under smallholder rain fed agriculture in East Africa Author Mati, Bancy Mbura
ISBN-10 9789290906216
Release 2006-05-02
Pages 81
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Agricultural extension / Agroforestry / Farmers’ associations / Non-governmental organizations / Fertilizers / Soil fertility / Water storage / Pitcher irrigation / Spate irrigation / Sugarcane / Bunds / Cropping systems / Ridging / Tillage / Terraces / Water harvesting / Water conservation / Soil conservation



Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources in Agriculture

Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources in Agriculture Author Cornelio Alberto Zolin
ISBN-10 9781498706179
Release 2015-07-24
Pages 232
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Climate change and its impact on water resources in agriculture pose one of the biggest challenges for food, energy, fiber, and water security worldwide and, as a consequence, for society. This book presents a multidisciplinary approach towards climate change and water resources in agriculture and provides a comprehensive perspective about the core points central to this subject. Beside other fundamental topics that are covered in this book, important insights concerning hydrological cycle, forests, land use change and water, low carbon agriculture, green economy concepts, as well as the state of the art on United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and Global Research Alliance are also provided.



Rainwater Harvesting for Drylands and Beyond Volume 1 2nd Edition

Rainwater Harvesting for Drylands and Beyond  Volume 1  2nd Edition Author Brad Lancaster
ISBN-10 0977246434
Release 2013
Pages 304
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"'Rainwater Harvesting for Drylands and Beyond, Volume 1' is the first book in a three-volume guide that teaches you how to conceptualize, design, and implement sustainable water-harvesting systems for your home, landscape, and community. The lessons in this volume will enable you to assess your on-site resources, give you a diverse array of strategies to maximize their potential, and empower you with guiding principles to create an integrated, multi-functional water-harvesting plan specific to your site and needs."--From publisher description.