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Rainwater Harvesting for Agriculture in the Dry Areas

Rainwater Harvesting for Agriculture in the Dry Areas Author Theib Y. Oweis
ISBN-10 9780415621144
Release 2012-05-21
Pages 266
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Dry areas suffer not only from limited rainfall but also ‘natural leakage’—90% of rainwater is lost directly or indirectly, and is unavailable for agriculture or domestic use. Water harvesting is a low-cost, easy-to-use, environmentally-friendly way to recover a large part of this lost water. How does water harvesting work? Which sites or areas are best suited and how can these areas be identified? How to design, build and maintain a water harvesting system tailored to local needs? How can water harvesting contribute to combating land degradation, enhancing food security and adapting to climate change? This book provides the answers. The book is based on many years of research, training and development by three of the world’s leading experts in water management and agriculture. It is authoritative, comprehensive, and easy to read, containing practical examples, many illustrations and little jargon. This volume will be of great interest to researchers, development workers, farmers, policymakers, students of the natural sciences—in fact, anyone interested in efficient, sustainable management of water resources and agriculture.



Water Harvesting and Supplemental Irrigation for Improved Water Use Efficiency in Dry Areas

Water Harvesting and Supplemental Irrigation for Improved Water Use Efficiency in Dry Areas Author Theib Oweis
ISBN-10 9789290903789
Release 1999-01-01
Pages 41
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With reference to West Asia and North Africa.



Rainwater Smart Agriculture in Arid and Semi Arid Areas

Rainwater Smart Agriculture in Arid and Semi Arid Areas Author Walter Leal Filho
ISBN-10 9783319662398
Release 2017-12-28
Pages 392
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This book introduces state-of-the-art approaches, methods and research, focusing on smart management of rainwater. In addition, it provides an overview of projects from across the world, illustrating how rainwater-smart management has been implemented in drylands. Focusing on the scientific perspective it demonstrates how rural dryland agriculture can be improved. It also documents the wealth of rainwater-smart know-how available today, and replicates and transfers results to other countries and regions, to encourage cross-sector interactions among various stakeholders, such as practitioners from governmental and public organisations, policy- and decision-makers, and teaching staff from academic scientific institutions. The contributors showcase vital lessons learned from research, field projects and best-practice examples. They address the integrated use of rainwater harvesting management with landscape restoration practices and water-, and climate-smart agriculture for food security and poverty alleviation in arid and semi-arid areas. Original research, combined with the contributors’ synthetic approach, lays a foundation for new concepts and ideas. Through case studies and research reports, the book discusses all the relevant issues necessary for the comprehensive analysis and successful implementation of the technologies in rainwater management. Highlighting the working principles and technical recommendations with regard to cost-efficient rainwater-smart solutions, it is of interest to practitioners. It is also a valuable resource for academic specialists, professionals and students, since many development agencies are funding rainwater harvesting for irrigation purposes.



Rainfed Agriculture

Rainfed Agriculture Author Suhas Pralhad Wani
ISBN-10 9781845934385
Release 2009-01-01
Pages 310
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Rainfed agriculture is generally overlooked by development investors, researchers and policy makers due to limited confidence in its ability to increase agricultural production and development. However, research undertaken by a team of leading scientists from global organizations demonstrates its potential in achieving food security, improving livelihoods and most importantly addressing issues of equity and poverty reduction in dryland areas - the hot spots of poverty. On the basis of case studies from varied agricultural and ecological regions in Asia and Africa, chapters discuss the need for adopting new paradigms between rainfed and irrigated agriculture, catchment/micro-watershed management approaches, upgrades in science-based development and more investments in rainfed areas. Yield gaps for major rainfed crops are analysed globally and possible ways and means including technological, social, and institutional options to bridge the yield gaps are discussed in detail. Covering areas such as rainwater harvesting and its efficient use, the rehabilitation of degraded land and assessment methods for social, environmental and economic impacts, this book will be necessary for both academics and policy makers working in water management, agriculture and sustainable development.



Water Harvesting in Sub Saharan Africa

Water Harvesting in Sub Saharan Africa Author William Critchley
ISBN-10 9781136273056
Release 2013-01-04
Pages 224
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Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa is constrained by highly variable rainfall, frequent drought and low water productivity. There is an urgent need, heightened by climate change, for appropriate technologies to address this problem through managing and increasing the quantity of water on farmers’ fields – water harvesting. This book defines water harvesting as a set of approaches which occupy an intermediate position along the water-management spectrum extending from in situ moisture conservation to irrigated agriculture. They generally comprise small-scale systems that induce, collect, store and make use of local surface runoff for agriculture. The authors review development experience and set out the state of the art of water harvesting for crop production and other benefits in Sub-Saharan Africa. This includes an assessment of water harvesting schemes that were initiated two or three decades ago when interest was stimulated by the droughts of the 1970s and 1980s. These provide lessons to promote sustainable development of dryland agriculture in the face of changing environmental conditions. Case studies from eight countries across Sub-Saharan Africa provide the evidence base. Each follows a similar format and is based on assessments conducted in collaboration with in-country partners, with a focus on attempts to promote adoption of water harvesting, both horizontally (spread) and vertically (institutionalization). Introductory cross-cutting chapters as well as an analytical conclusion are also included.



Soil and Water Conservation in Semi arid Areas

Soil and Water Conservation in Semi arid Areas Author Norman Hudson
ISBN-10 9251026068
Release 1987-01-01
Pages 172
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The problems of agriculture in the semi-arid regions; Assessing the possibilities for improving agriculture; Soil conservation; Water conservation; Water harvesting and use; Applications of water conservation.



Integrated Watershed Management in Rainfed Agriculture

Integrated Watershed Management in Rainfed Agriculture Author Suhas P. Wani
ISBN-10 9781466512825
Release 2011-09-16
Pages 496
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This book provides a comprehensive presentation of the realization of improved rainfed agriculture yield in semi-arid and dry land areas. The incentive of watershed programs is to increase the return on investment with over 20% for 65% of the projects that are currently underperforming. Besides techniques to improve the livelihood of the many small-scale farmers in developing countries, it includes examples and case studies for further support. The methods discussed have recently shown to be successful and economically remunerative in India and in various African countries. Intended for professionals (investors, policy makers), researchers and (post) graduate students working on dry land and sustainable agriculture and water and natural resources management. Suited for courses in dry land agriculture, soil and water management and watershed development.



More Water for Arid Lands

More Water for Arid Lands Author National Academy of Sciences
ISBN-10 9780898755299
Release 2001-08-01
Pages 168
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Little known but promising technologies for the use and conservation of scarce water supplies in arid areas are the subject of this report. Not a technical handbook, it aims to draw the attention of agricultural and community officials and researchers to opportunities for development projects with probably high social value. The technologies discussed should, at present, be seen as supplements to, not substitutes for, standard large-scale water supply and management methods. But many have immediate local value for small-scale water development and conservation, especially in remote areas with intermittent rainfall. There are brief summaries of the contents in Arabic, French, and Spanish.



Water balance accounting

Water balance accounting Author Johan Rockström
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105112654822
Release 2001
Pages 22
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Water balance accounting has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Water balance accounting also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Water balance accounting book for free.



Rainwater Harvesting

Rainwater Harvesting Author Jennie Barron
ISBN-10 9280730193
Release 2009
Pages 69
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Climate change, demand for development and already deteriorating state of ecosystems produce an immediate need for innovative opportunities enabling development and human well-being without undermining ecosystem services. Rainwater harvesting creates synergies by upgrading rainfed agriculture and enhancing productive landscapes. The publication describes rainwater harvesting systems, their roles and impacts. It focuses to both negative and positive aspects of using technology and explains how we can decrease constraints and build upon benefits. It examines 29 cases of different economic activities including forestry, agriculture, watershed development and, rural and urban development.



Overview of water and soil nutrient management under smallholder rain fed agriculture in East Africa

Overview of water and soil nutrient management under smallholder rain fed agriculture in East Africa Author Mati, Bancy Mbura
ISBN-10 9789290906216
Release 2006-05-02
Pages 81
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Agricultural extension / Agroforestry / Farmers’ associations / Non-governmental organizations / Fertilizers / Soil fertility / Water storage / Pitcher irrigation / Spate irrigation / Sugarcane / Bunds / Cropping systems / Ridging / Tillage / Terraces / Water harvesting / Water conservation / Soil conservation



Agriculture Investment Sourcebook

Agriculture Investment Sourcebook Author World Bank
ISBN-10 0821383523
Release 2005-04-08
Pages 532
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Investing to promote agricultural growth and poverty reduction is a central pillar of the World Bank's current rural strategy, 'Reaching the Rural Poor' (2003). This 'Sourcebook' addresses how to implement the rural strategy, by sharing information on investment options and identifying innovative approaches that will aid the design of future lending programs for agriculture. It provides generic good practices and many examples that demonstrate investment in agriculture can provide rewarding and sustainable returns to development efforts. It is divided into eleven self-contained modules. Each module contains three different types of subunits that can also be stand-alone documents: I. Module Overview II. Agricultural Investment Notes III. Innovative Activity Profiles. The stand-alone nature of the subunits allows flexibility and adaptability of the material. Selected readings and web links are also provided for readers who seek more in-depth information. The 'Sourcebook' draws on a wide range of experiences from donor agencies, governments, institutions, and other groups active in agricultural development. It is an invaluable reference tool for policy makers, professionals, academics and students, and anyone with an interest in agricultural investments.



Rainwater Harvesting for Agriculture and Water Supply

Rainwater Harvesting for Agriculture and Water Supply Author Qiang Zhu
ISBN-10 9789812879646
Release 2015-12-08
Pages 378
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This book offers key resource materials developed for an international training course on Rainwater Harvesting and Utilization hosted annually by the Gansu Research Institute for Water Conservancy in Lanzhou, China since 2003. Topics cover the design, construction and management of rainwater harvesting systems for domestic water supply and supplementary irrigation, rainwater quality issues and runoff farming. It presents case studies from successful rainwater-harvesting projects both in China and around the globe, and provides readers with essential information and inspiration alike. It is a valuable resource for researchers, practitioners and students in the area of water management, agriculture and sustainable development. Qiang Zhu is a research professor at Gansu Research Institute for Water Conservancy, Lanzhou, China; John Gould is a rainwater harvesting consultant based in Christchurch, New Zealand; Yuanhong Li is a research professor at Gansu Research Institute for Water Conservancy, Lanzhou, China; Chengxiang Ma is an engineer at Gansu Research Institute for Water Conservancy, Lanzhou, China.



ICARDA Annual Report

ICARDA Annual Report Author International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105122309276
Release 1996
Pages
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ICARDA Annual Report has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from ICARDA Annual Report also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full ICARDA Annual Report book for free.



Assessment of supplemental irrigation and water harvesting potential Methodologies and case studies from Tunisia

Assessment of supplemental irrigation and water harvesting potential  Methodologies and case studies from Tunisia Author
ISBN-10 9789291272228
Release
Pages
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Assessment of supplemental irrigation and water harvesting potential Methodologies and case studies from Tunisia has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Assessment of supplemental irrigation and water harvesting potential Methodologies and case studies from Tunisia also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Assessment of supplemental irrigation and water harvesting potential Methodologies and case studies from Tunisia book for free.



Water and Cereals in Drylands

Water and Cereals in Drylands Author Parviz Koohafkan
ISBN-10 9781844077083
Release 2008
Pages 110
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This work addresses the crucial issues of the global need to increase cereal production for food and fuel. It sets this in the context of improving the productivity of drylands, which are especially vulnerable during times of water shortages and climate change.



Alternative Irrigation

Alternative Irrigation Author Christopher J Barrow
ISBN-10 9781135048358
Release 2014-02-04
Pages 172
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An introduction to runoff agriculture - a form of agricultural irrigation - this text describes how the use of surface and subsurface water, often overlooked and wasted, enables both small farmers and commercial agriculturists to improve yields and the security of harvest, even in harsh and remote environments. The text introduces the techniques and strategies, as well as the challenges and the potential of the crucial approach, which can contribute so much to reducing land degradation and improving conservation and sustainability.