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Ramsey Theory for Discrete Structures

Ramsey Theory for Discrete Structures Author Hans Jürgen Prömel
ISBN-10 9783319013152
Release 2013-12-04
Pages 232
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This monograph covers some of the most important developments in Ramsey theory from its beginnings in the early 20th century via its many breakthroughs to recent important developments in the early 21st century. The book first presents a detailed discussion of the roots of Ramsey theory before offering a thorough discussion of the role of parameter sets. It presents several examples of structures that can be interpreted in terms of parameter sets and features the most fundamental Ramsey-type results for parameter sets: Hales-Jewett's theorem and Graham-Rothschild1s Ramsey theorem as well as their canonical versions and several applications. Next, the book steps back to the most basic structure, to sets. It reviews classic results as well as recent progress on Ramsey numbers and the asymptotic behavior of classical Ramsey functions. In addition, it presents product versions of Ramsey's theorem, a combinatorial proof of the incompleteness of Peano arithmetic, provides a digression to discrepancy theory and examines extensions of Ramsey's theorem to larger cardinals. The next part of the book features an in-depth treatment of the Ramsey problem for graphs and hypergraphs. It gives an account on the existence of sparse and restricted Ramsey theorem's using sophisticated constructions as well as probabilistic methods. Among others it contains a proof of the induced Graham-Rothschild theorem and the random Ramsey theorem. The book closes with a chapter on one of the recent highlights of Ramsey theory: a combinatorial proof of the density Hales-Jewett theorem. This book provides graduate students as well as advanced researchers with a solid introduction and reference to the field.



Ramsey Theory

Ramsey Theory Author Ronald L. Graham
ISBN-10 0471500461
Release 1990-03-16
Pages 196
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Praise for the First Edition ". . . fills a considerable gap in the numerical analysis literature by providing a self-contained treatment . . . this is an important work written in a clear style . . . warmly recommended to any graduate student or researcher in the field of the numerical solution of partial differential equations." ?SIAM Review Time-Dependent Problems and Difference Methods, Second Edition continues to provide guidance for the analysis of difference methods for computing approximate solutions to partial differential equations for time-dependent problems. The book treats differential equations and difference methods with a parallel development, thus achieving a more useful analysis of numerical methods. The Second Edition presents hyperbolic equations in great detail as well as new coverage on second-order systems of wave equations including acoustic waves, elastic waves, and Einstein equations. Compared to first-order hyperbolic systems, initial-boundary value problems for such systems contain new properties that must be taken into account when analyzing stability. Featuring the latest material in partial differential equations with new theorems, examples, and illustrations,Time-Dependent Problems and Difference Methods, Second Edition also includes: High order methods on staggered grids Extended treatment of Summation By Parts operators and their application to second-order derivatives Simplified presentation of certain parts and proofs Time-Dependent Problems and Difference Methods, Second Edition is an ideal reference for physical scientists, engineers, numerical analysts, and mathematical modelers who use numerical experiments to test designs and to predict and investigate physical phenomena. The book is also excellent for graduate-level courses in applied mathematics and scientific computations.



Mathematics of Ramsey theory

Mathematics of Ramsey theory Author Jaroslav Nes̆etřil
ISBN-10 UCAL:B5008670
Release 1990
Pages 269
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One of the important areas of contemporary combinatorics is Ramsey theory. Ramsey theory is basically the study of structure preserved under partitions. The general philosophy is reflected by its interdisciplinary character. The ideas of Ramsey theory are shared by logicians, set theorists and combinatorists, and have been successfully applied in other branches of mathematics. The whole subject is quickly developing and has some new and unexpected applications in areas as remote as functional analysis and theoretical computer science. This book is a homogeneous collection of research and survey articles by leading specialists. It surveys recent activity in this diverse subject and brings the reader up to the boundary of present knowledge. It covers virtually all main approaches to the subject and suggests various problems for individual research.



Ramsey Theory

Ramsey Theory Author Alexander Soifer
ISBN-10 0817680926
Release 2010-10-29
Pages 190
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This book explores the theory’s history, recent developments, and some promising future directions through invited surveys written by prominent researchers in the field. The first three surveys provide historical background on the subject; the last three address Euclidean Ramsey theory and related coloring problems. In addition, open problems posed throughout the volume and in the concluding open problem chapter will appeal to graduate students and mathematicians alike.



Discrete Mathematics with Proof

Discrete Mathematics with Proof Author Eric Gossett
ISBN-10 9780470457931
Release 2009-06-22
Pages 904
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"Discrete mathematics has become increasingly popular in recent years due to its growing applications in the field of computer science. - Discrete Mathematics with Proof, Second Edition continues to facilitate an up-to-date understanding of this important topic, exposing readers to a wide range of modern and technological applications. Assuming only a basic background in calculus, Discrete Mathematics with Proof, Second Edition is an excellent book for mathematics and computer science courses at the undergraduate level. - It is also a valuable resource for professionals in various technical fields who would like an introduction to discrete mathematics."--Jacket.



Ramsey Theory on the Integers

Ramsey Theory on the Integers Author Bruce M. Landman
ISBN-10 9780821898673
Release 2014-11-10
Pages 384
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Ramsey theory is the study of the structure of mathematical objects that is preserved under partitions. In its full generality, Ramsey theory is quite powerful, but can quickly become complicated. By limiting the focus of this book to Ramsey theory applied to the set of integers, the authors have produced a gentle, but meaningful, introduction to an important and enticing branch of modern mathematics. Ramsey Theory on the Integers offers students a glimpse into the world of mathematical research and the opportunity for them to begin pondering unsolved problems. For this new edition, several sections have been added and others have been significantly updated. Among the newly introduced topics are: rainbow Ramsey theory, an "inequality" version of Schur's theorem, monochromatic solutions of recurrence relations, Ramsey results involving both sums and products, monochromatic sets avoiding certain differences, Ramsey properties for polynomial progressions, generalizations of the Erdős-Ginzberg-Ziv theorem, and the number of arithmetic progressions under arbitrary colorings. Many new results and proofs have been added, most of which were not known when the first edition was published. Furthermore, the book's tables, exercises, lists of open research problems, and bibliography have all been significantly updated. This innovative book also provides the first cohesive study of Ramsey theory on the integers. It contains perhaps the most substantial account of solved and unsolved problems in this blossoming subject. This breakthrough book will engage students, teachers, and researchers alike.



Contemporary Trends in Discrete Mathematics

Contemporary Trends in Discrete Mathematics Author Ronald L. Graham
ISBN-10 0821885812
Release 1999-01-01
Pages 389
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Discrete mathematics stands among the leading disciplines of mathematics and theoretical computer science. This is due primarily to its increasing role in university curriculae and its growing importance in applications ranging from optimization to molecular biology. An inaugural conference was held cooperatively by DIMATIA and DIMACS to focus on the versatility, width, and depth of current progress in the subject area. This volume offers a well-balanced blend of research and survey papers reflecting the exciting, attractive topics in contemporary discrete mathematics. Discussed in the book are topics such as graph theory, partially ordered sets, geometrical Ramsey theory, computational complexity issues and applications.



Handbook of Mathematical Induction

Handbook of Mathematical Induction Author David S. Gunderson
ISBN-10 113819901X
Release 2016-10
Pages 921
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Handbook of Mathematical Induction: Theory and Applications shows how to find and write proofs via mathematical induction. This comprehensive book covers the theory, the structure of the written proof, all standard exercises, and hundreds of application examples from nearly every area of mathematics. In the first part of the book, the author discusses different inductive techniques, including well-ordered sets, basic mathematical induction, strong induction, double induction, infinite descent, downward induction, and several variants. He then introduces ordinals and cardinals, transfinite induction, the axiom of choice, Zorn s lemma, empirical induction, and fallacies and induction. He also explains how to write inductive proofs. The next part contains more than 750 exercises that highlight the levels of difficulty of an inductive proof, the variety of inductive techniques available, and the scope of results provable by mathematical induction. Each self-contained chapter in this section includes the necessary definitions, theory, and notation and covers a range of theorems and problems, from fundamental to very specialized. The final part presents either solutions or hints to the exercises. Slightly longer than what is found in most texts, these solutions provide complete details for every step of the problem-solving process. "



Discrete Mathematics and Its Applications

Discrete Mathematics and Its Applications Author M. Sethumadhavan
ISBN-10 8173197318
Release 2006
Pages 233
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Discrete Mathematics and its Applications provides an in-depth review of recent applications in the area and points to the directions of research. It deals with a wide range of topics like Cryptology Graph Theory Fuzzy Topology Computer Science Mathematical Biology A resource for researchers to keep track of the latest developments in these topics. Of interest to graph theorists, computer scientists, cryptographers, security specialists.



Mathematics of Ramsey Theory

Mathematics of Ramsey Theory Author Jaroslav Nesetril
ISBN-10 9783642729058
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 269
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One of the important areas of contemporary combinatorics is Ramsey theory. Ramsey theory is basically the study of structure preserved under partitions. The general philosophy is reflected by its interdisciplinary character. The ideas of Ramsey theory are shared by logicians, set theorists and combinatorists, and have been successfully applied in other branches of mathematics. The whole subject is quickly developing and has some new and unexpected applications in areas as remote as functional analysis and theoretical computer science. This book is a homogeneous collection of research and survey articles by leading specialists. It surveys recent activity in this diverse subject and brings the reader up to the boundary of present knowledge. It covers virtually all main approaches to the subject and suggests various problems for individual research.



Connections in Discrete Mathematics

Connections in Discrete Mathematics Author Steve Butler
ISBN-10 9781107153981
Release 2018-05-31
Pages 432
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Many of the best researchers and writers in discrete mathematics come together in a volume inspired by Ron Graham.



Applied Combinatorics

Applied Combinatorics Author Mitchel Keller
ISBN-10 1973702711
Release 2017-08-10
Pages 392
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This is a text with more than enough material for a one-semester introduction to combinatorics. The original target audience was primarily computer science majors, but the topics included make it suitable for a variety of different students. Topics include Basic enumeration: strings, sets, binomial coefficients Recursion and mathematical induction Graph theory Partially ordered sets Additional enumeration techniques: inclusion-exclusion, generating functions, recurrence relations, and Polya theory. Graph algorithms: minimum weight spanning trees, Dijkstra's algorithm, network flows This text is open source and available under a Creative Commons license. To access the free HTML and PDF versions of the text, visit http://rellek.net/appcomb/.



Inevitable Randomness in Discrete Mathematics

Inevitable Randomness in Discrete Mathematics Author J—zsef Beck
ISBN-10 9780821847565
Release 2009-09-01
Pages 250
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Mathematics has been called the science of order. The subject is remarkably good for generalizing specific cases to create abstract theories. However, mathematics has little to say when faced with highly complex systems, where disorder reigns. This disorder can be found in pure mathematical arenas, such as the distribution of primes, the $3n+1$ conjecture, and class field theory. The purpose of this book is to provide examples--and rigorous proofs--of the complexity law: (1) discrete systems are either simple or they exhibit advanced pseudorandomness; (2) a priori probabilities often exist even when there is no intrinsic symmetry. Part of the difficulty in achieving this purpose is in trying to clarify these vague statements. The examples turn out to be fascinating instances of deep or mysterious results in number theory and combinatorics. This book considers randomness and complexity. The traditional approach to complexity--computational complexity theory--is to study very general complexity classes, such as P, NP and PSPACE. What Beck does is very different: he studies interesting concrete systems, which can give new insights into the mystery of complexity. The book is divided into three parts. Part A is mostly an essay on the big picture. Part B is partly new results and partly a survey of real game theory. Part C contains new results about graph games, supporting the main conjecture. To make it accessible to a wide audience, the book is mostly self-contained.



Discrete Mathematics

Discrete Mathematics Author CTI Reviews
ISBN-10 9781467293969
Release 2016-10-16
Pages 44
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Facts101 is your complete guide to Discrete Mathematics. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.



Classical Geometries in Modern Contexts

Classical Geometries in Modern Contexts Author Walter Benz
ISBN-10 9783034804202
Release 2012-08-13
Pages 310
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The focus of this book and its geometric notions is on real vector spaces X that are finite or infinite inner product spaces of arbitrary dimension greater than or equal to 2. It characterizes both euclidean and hyperbolic geometry with respect to natural properties of (general) translations and general distances of X. Also for these spaces X, it studies the sphere geometries of Möbius and Lie as well as geometries where Lorentz transformations play the key role. Proofs of newer theorems characterizing isometries and Lorentz transformations under mild hypotheses are included, such as for instance infinite dimensional versions of famous theorems of A.D. Alexandrov on Lorentz transformations. A real benefit is the dimension-free approach to important geometrical theories. New to this third edition is a chapter dealing with a simple and great idea of Leibniz that allows us to characterize, for these same spaces X, hyperplanes of euclidean, hyperbolic geometry, or spherical geometry, the geometries of Lorentz-Minkowski and de Sitter, and this through finite or infinite dimensions greater than 1. Another new and fundamental result in this edition concerns the representation of hyperbolic motions, their form and their transformations. Further we show that the geometry (P,G) of segments based on X is isomorphic to the hyperbolic geometry over X. Here P collects all x in X of norm less than one, G is defined to be the group of bijections of P transforming segments of P onto segments. The only prerequisites for reading this book are basic linear algebra and basic 2- and 3-dimensional real geometry. This implies that mathematicians who have not so far been especially interested in geometry could study and understand some of the great ideas of classical geometries in modern and general contexts.



Ramsey Theory for Product Spaces

Ramsey Theory for Product Spaces Author Pandelis Dodos
ISBN-10 9781470428082
Release 2016-05-16
Pages 245
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Ramsey theory is a dynamic area of combinatorics that has various applications in analysis, ergodic theory, logic, number theory, probability theory, theoretical computer science, and topological dynamics. This book is devoted to one of the most important areas of Ramsey theory—the Ramsey theory of product spaces. It is a culmination of a series of recent breakthroughs by the two authors and their students who were able to lift this theory to the infinite-dimensional case. The book presents many major results and methods in the area, such as Szemerédi's regularity method, the hypergraph removal lemma, and the density Hales–Jewett theorem. This book addresses researchers in combinatorics but also working mathematicians and advanced graduate students who are interested in Ramsey theory. The prerequisites for reading this book are rather minimal: it only requires familiarity, at the graduate level, with probability theory and real analysis. Some familiarity with the basics of Ramsey theory would be beneficial, though not necessary.



Directions in Infinite Graph Theory and Combinatorics

Directions in Infinite Graph Theory and Combinatorics Author R. Diestel
ISBN-10 9781483294797
Release 2016-06-06
Pages
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This book has arisen from a colloquium held at St. John's College, Cambridge, in July 1989, which brought together most of today's leading experts in the field of infinite graph theory and combinatorics. This was the first such meeting ever held, and its aim was to assess the state of the art in the discipline, to consider its links with other parts of mathematics, and to discuss possible directions for future development. This volume reflects the Cambridge meeting in both level and scope. It contains research papers as well as expository surveys of particular areas. Together they offer a comprehensive portrait of infinite graph theory and combinatorics, which should be particularly attractive to anyone new to the discipline.