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Random Fields and Geometry

Random Fields and Geometry Author R. J. Adler
ISBN-10 0387481168
Release 2009-01-29
Pages 454
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This monograph is devoted to a completely new approach to geometric problems arising in the study of random fields. The groundbreaking material in Part III, for which the background is carefully prepared in Parts I and II, is of both theoretical and practical importance, and striking in the way in which problems arising in geometry and probability are beautifully intertwined. "Random Fields and Geometry" will be useful for probabilists and statisticians, and for theoretical and applied mathematicians who wish to learn about new relationships between geometry and probability. It will be helpful for graduate students in a classroom setting, or for self-study. Finally, this text will serve as a basic reference for all those interested in the companion volume of the applications of the theory.

The Geometry of Random Fields

The Geometry of Random Fields Author Robert J. Adler
ISBN-10 9780898716931
Release 2010-01-28
Pages 184
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An important treatment of the geometric properties of sets generated by random fields, including a comprehensive treatment of the mathematical basics of random fields in general. It is a standard reference for all researchers with an interest in random fields, whether they be theoreticians or come from applied areas.

Geometric and Spectral Analysis

Geometric and Spectral Analysis Author Pierre Albin
ISBN-10 9781470410438
Release 2014-12-01
Pages 366
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In 2012, the Centre de Recherches Mathématiques was at the center of many interesting developments in geometric and spectral analysis, with a thematic program on Geometric Analysis and Spectral Theory followed by a thematic year on Moduli Spaces, Extremality and Global Invariants. This volume contains original contributions as well as useful survey articles of recent developments by participants from three of the workshops organized during these programs: Geometry of Eigenvalues and Eigenfunctions, held from June 4-8, 2012; Manifolds of Metrics and Probabilistic Methods in Geometry and Analysis, held from July 2-6, 2012; and Spectral Invariants on Non-compact and Singular Spaces, held from July 23-27, 2012. The topics covered in this volume include Fourier integral operators, eigenfunctions, probability and analysis on singular spaces, complex geometry, Kähler-Einstein metrics, analytic torsion, and Strichartz estimates. This book is co-published with the Centre de Recherches Mathématiques.

Superconcentration and Related Topics

Superconcentration and Related Topics Author Sourav Chatterjee
ISBN-10 9783319038865
Release 2014-01-09
Pages 156
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A certain curious feature of random objects, introduced by the author as “super concentration,” and two related topics, “chaos” and “multiple valleys,” are highlighted in this book. Although super concentration has established itself as a recognized feature in a number of areas of probability theory in the last twenty years (under a variety of names), the author was the first to discover and explore its connections with chaos and multiple valleys. He achieves a substantial degree of simplification and clarity in the presentation of these findings by using the spectral approach. Understanding the fluctuations of random objects is one of the major goals of probability theory and a whole subfield of probability and analysis, called concentration of measure, is devoted to understanding these fluctuations. This subfield offers a range of tools for computing upper bounds on the orders of fluctuations of very complicated random variables. Usually, concentration of measure is useful when more direct problem-specific approaches fail; as a result, it has massively gained acceptance over the last forty years. And yet, there is a large class of problems in which classical concentration of measure produces suboptimal bounds on the order of fluctuations. Here lies the substantial contribution of this book, which developed from a set of six lectures the author first held at the Cornell Probability Summer School in July 2012. The book is interspersed with a sizable number of open problems for professional mathematicians as well as exercises for graduate students working in the fields of probability theory and mathematical physics. The material is accessible to anyone who has attended a graduate course in probability.

Limit Theorems for Multi Indexed Sums of Random Variables

Limit Theorems for Multi Indexed Sums of Random Variables Author Oleg Klesov
ISBN-10 9783662443880
Release 2014-10-13
Pages 483
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Presenting the first unified treatment of limit theorems for multiple sums of independent random variables, this volume fills an important gap in the field. Several new results are introduced, even in the classical setting, as well as some new approaches that are simpler than those already established in the literature. In particular, new proofs of the strong law of large numbers and the Hajek-Renyi inequality are detailed. Applications of the described theory include Gibbs fields, spin glasses, polymer models, image analysis and random shapes. Limit theorems form the backbone of probability theory and statistical theory alike. The theory of multiple sums of random variables is a direct generalization of the classical study of limit theorems, whose importance and wide application in science is unquestionable. However, to date, the subject of multiple sums has only been treated in journals. The results described in this book will be of interest to advanced undergraduates, graduate students and researchers who work on limit theorems in probability theory, the statistical analysis of random fields, as well as in the field of random sets or stochastic geometry. The central topic is also important for statistical theory, developing statistical inferences for random fields, and also has applications to the sciences, including physics and chemistry.

Topological Complexity of Smooth Random Functions

Topological Complexity of Smooth Random Functions Author Robert Adler
ISBN-10 9783642195808
Release 2011-05-16
Pages 122
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These notes, based on lectures delivered in Saint Flour, provide an easy introduction to the authors’ 2007 Springer monograph “Random Fields and Geometry.” While not as exhaustive as the full monograph, they are also less exhausting, while still covering the basic material, typically at a more intuitive and less technical level. They also cover some more recent material relating to random algebraic topology and statistical applications. The notes include an introduction to the general theory of Gaussian random fields, treating classical topics such as continuity and boundedness. This is followed by a quick review of geometry, both integral and Riemannian, with an emphasis on tube formulae, to provide the reader with the material needed to understand and use the Gaussian kinematic formula, the main result of the notes. This is followed by chapters on topological inference and random algebraic topology, both of which provide applications of the main results.

The Geometry of Random Fields

The Geometry of Random Fields Author Robert J. Adler
ISBN-10 9780898718980
Release 1981
Pages 280
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Originally published in 1981, The Geometry of Random Fields remains an important text for its coverage and exposition of the theory of both smooth and nonsmooth random fields; closed form expressions for the various geometric characteristics of the excursion sets of smooth, stationary, Gaussian random fields over N-dimensional rectangles; descriptions of the local behavior of random fields in the neighborhoods of high maxima; and a treatment of the Markov property for Gaussian fields. Audience: researchers in probability and statistics, with no prior knowledge of geometry required. Since the book was originally published it has become a standard reference in areas of physical oceanography, cosmology, and neuroimaging. It is written at a level accessible to nonspecialists, including advanced undergraduates and early graduate students.

Mathematics of Random Phenomena

Mathematics of Random Phenomena Author P. Krée
ISBN-10 9789400947702
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 438
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Approach your problems from the right end It isn't that they can't see the solution. It is and begin with the answers. Then one day, that they can't see the problem. perhaps you will find the final question. G. K. Chesterton. The Scandal of Father 'The Hermit Clad in Crane Feathers' in R. Brown 'The point of a Pin'. van Gulik's The Chinese Maze Murders. Growing specialization and diversification have brought a host of monographs and textbooks on increasingly specialized topics. However, the "tree" of knowledge of mathematics and related fields does not grow only by putting forth new branches. It also happens, quite often in fact, that branches which were thought to be completely disparate are suddenly seen to be related. Further, the kind and level of sophistication of mathematics applied in various sciences has changed drastically in recent years: measure theory is used (non-trivially) in regional and theoretical economics; algebraic geometry interacts with physics; the Minkowsky lemma, coding theory and the structure of water meet one another in packing and covering theory; quantum fields, crystal defects and mathematical programming profit from homotopy theory; Lie algebras are relevant to filtering; and prediction and electrical engineering can use Stein spaces. And in addition to this there are such new emerging subdisciplines as "experimental mathematics", "CFD", "completely integrable systems", "chaos, synergetics and large-scale order", which are almost impossible to fit into the existing classification schemes.

The Generic Chaining

The Generic Chaining Author Michel Talagrand
ISBN-10 3540245189
Release 2005-03-17
Pages 222
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The fundamental question of characterizing continuity and boundedness of Gaussian processes goes back to Kolmogorov. After contributions by R. Dudley and X. Fernique, it was solved by the author. This book provides an overview of "generic chaining", a completely natural variation on the ideas of Kolmogorov. It takes the reader from the first principles to the edge of current knowledge and to the open problems that remain in this domain.

Algebraic Geometry

Algebraic Geometry Author Robin Hartshorne
ISBN-10 9781475738490
Release 2013-06-29
Pages 496
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An introduction to abstract algebraic geometry, with the only prerequisites being results from commutative algebra, which are stated as needed, and some elementary topology. More than 400 exercises distributed throughout the book offer specific examples as well as more specialised topics not treated in the main text, while three appendices present brief accounts of some areas of current research. This book can thus be used as textbook for an introductory course in algebraic geometry following a basic graduate course in algebra. Robin Hartshorne studied algebraic geometry with Oscar Zariski and David Mumford at Harvard, and with J.-P. Serre and A. Grothendieck in Paris. He is the author of "Residues and Duality", "Foundations of Projective Geometry", "Ample Subvarieties of Algebraic Varieties", and numerous research titles.

Random Walks in the Quarter Plane

Random Walks in the Quarter Plane Author Guy Fayolle
ISBN-10 9783319509303
Release 2017-02-26
Pages 249
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This monograph aims to promote original mathematical methods to determine the invariant measure of two-dimensional random walks in domains with boundaries. Such processes arise in numerous applications and are of interest in several areas of mathematical research, such as Stochastic Networks, Analytic Combinatorics, and Quantum Physics. This second edition consists of two parts. Part I is a revised upgrade of the first edition (1999), with additional recent results on the group of a random walk. The theoretical approach given therein has been developed by the authors since the early 1970s. By using Complex Function Theory, Boundary Value Problems, Riemann Surfaces, and Galois Theory, completely new methods are proposed for solving functional equations of two complex variables, which can also be applied to characterize the Transient Behavior of the walks, as well as to find explicit solutions to the one-dimensional Quantum Three-Body Problem, or to tackle a new class of Integrable Systems. Part II borrows special case-studies from queueing theory (in particular, the famous problem of Joining the Shorter of Two Queues) and enumerative combinatorics (Counting, Asymptotics). Researchers and graduate students should find this book very useful.

Classical Potential Theory

Classical Potential Theory Author David H. Armitage
ISBN-10 9781447102335
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 333
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A long-awaited, updated introductory text by the world leaders in potential theory. This essential reference work covers all aspects of this major field of mathematical research, from basic theory and exercises to more advanced topological ideas. The largely self-contained presentation makes it basically accessible to graduate students.

Analysis and Geometry of Markov Diffusion Operators

Analysis and Geometry of Markov Diffusion Operators Author Dominique Bakry
ISBN-10 9783319002279
Release 2013-11-18
Pages 552
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The present volume is an extensive monograph on the analytic and geometric aspects of Markov diffusion operators. It focuses on the geometric curvature properties of the underlying structure in order to study convergence to equilibrium, spectral bounds, functional inequalities such as Poincaré, Sobolev or logarithmic Sobolev inequalities, and various bounds on solutions of evolution equations. At the same time, it covers a large class of evolution and partial differential equations. The book is intended to serve as an introduction to the subject and to be accessible for beginning and advanced scientists and non-specialists. Simultaneously, it covers a wide range of results and techniques from the early developments in the mid-eighties to the latest achievements. As such, students and researchers interested in the modern aspects of Markov diffusion operators and semigroups and their connections to analytic functional inequalities, probabilistic convergence to equilibrium and geometric curvature will find it especially useful. Selected chapters can also be used for advanced courses on the topic.

Theory of Random Sets

Theory of Random Sets Author Ilya Molchanov
ISBN-10 9781447173496
Release 2017-12-14
Pages 678
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This monograph, now in a thoroughly revised second edition, offers the latest research on random sets. It has been extended to include substantial developments achieved since 2005, some of them motivated by applications of random sets to econometrics and finance. The present volume builds on the foundations laid by Matheron and others, including the vast advances in stochastic geometry, probability theory, set-valued analysis, and statistical inference. It shows the various interdisciplinary relationships of random set theory within other parts of mathematics, and at the same time fixes terminology and notation that often vary in the literature, establishing it as a natural part of modern probability theory and providing a platform for future development. It is completely self-contained, systematic and exhaustive, with the full proofs that are necessary to gain insight. Aimed at research level, Theory of Random Sets will be an invaluable reference for probabilists; mathematicians working in convex and integral geometry, set-valued analysis, capacity and potential theory; mathematical statisticians in spatial statistics and uncertainty quantification; specialists in mathematical economics, econometrics, decision theory, and mathematical finance; and electronic and electrical engineers interested in image analysis.

Homogeneous Finsler Spaces

Homogeneous Finsler Spaces Author Shaoqiang Deng
ISBN-10 9781461442448
Release 2012-08-01
Pages 242
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Homogeneous Finsler Spaces is the first book to emphasize the relationship between Lie groups and Finsler geometry, and the first to show the validity in using Lie theory for the study of Finsler geometry problems. This book contains a series of new results obtained by the author and collaborators during the last decade. The topic of Finsler geometry has developed rapidly in recent years. One of the main reasons for its surge in development is its use in many scientific fields, such as general relativity, mathematical biology, and phycology (study of algae). This monograph introduces the most recent developments in the study of Lie groups and homogeneous Finsler spaces, leading the reader to directions for further development. The book contains many interesting results such as a Finslerian version of the Myers-Steenrod Theorem, the existence theorem for invariant non-Riemannian Finsler metrics on coset spaces, the Berwaldian characterization of globally symmetric Finsler spaces, the construction of examples of reversible non-Berwaldian Finsler spaces with vanishing S-curvature, and a classification of homogeneous Randers spaces with isotropic S-curvature and positive flag curvature. Readers with some background in Lie theory or differential geometry can quickly begin studying problems concerning Lie groups and Finsler geometry.​

Variational Analysis of Regular Mappings

Variational Analysis of Regular Mappings Author Alexander D. Ioffe
ISBN-10 9783319642772
Release 2017-10-26
Pages 495
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This monograph offers the first systematic account of (metric) regularity theory in variational analysis. It presents new developments alongside classical results and demonstrates the power of the theory through applications to various problems in analysis and optimization theory. The origins of metric regularity theory can be traced back to a series of fundamental ideas and results of nonlinear functional analysis and global analysis centered around problems of existence and stability of solutions of nonlinear equations. In variational analysis, regularity theory goes far beyond the classical setting and is also concerned with non-differentiable and multi-valued operators. The present volume explores all basic aspects of the theory, from the most general problems for mappings between metric spaces to those connected with fairly concrete and important classes of operators acting in Banach and finite dimensional spaces. Written by a leading expert in the field, the book covers new and powerful techniques, which have proven to be highly efficient even in classical settings, and outlines the theory’s predominantly quantitative character, leading to a variety of new and unexpected applications. Variational Analysis of Regular Mappings is aimed at graduate students and researchers in nonlinear and functional analysis, especially those working in areas close to optimization and optimal control, and will be suitable to anyone interested in applying new concepts and ideas to operations research, control engineering and numerical analysis.

Random Heterogeneous Materials

Random Heterogeneous Materials Author Salvatore Torquato
ISBN-10 9781475763553
Release 2013-04-17
Pages 703
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This accessible text presents a unified approach of treating the microstructure and effective properties of heterogeneous media. Part I deals with the quantitative characterization of the microstructure of heterogeneous via theoretical methods; Part II treats a wide variety of effective properties of heterogeneous materials and how they are linked to the microstructure, accomplished by using rigorous methods.