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Rationing in Medicine

Rationing in Medicine Author F. Breyer
ISBN-10 9783662047989
Release 2013-03-09
Pages 135
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The book series on the ethics of science and technology assessment edited by the Europ?ische Akademie is devoted to the publication of the work-reports of its project groups, works on the foundations of ethics, the philosophy science, and other issues related to the work of the Europ?ische Akademie. In addition, the series comprises the proceedings of conferences organized by the academy. The 13th volume documents the proceeding of the academy's spring symposium in 2000 on Rationing in Medicine which was held in Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler on March 23-25, 2000. An intense discussion on the future of health care in Europe has been stimulated by increasing difficulties of securing adequate and needs orientated medical care in the face of scarce resources and medical progress. Un fortunately, quite of ten a rational discussion of rationing is drowned out by the politic al talk of the day. But only an open and well-informed debate, if anything at ali, can lead to transparent and just rationing procedures which eventually might be acceptable to the public at large. For this debate much can be learnt from observing the experiences other countries have made with their health care arrangements. What kinds of mistakes should be avoided and what might be useful in the different states and perhaps also in the supra-national context of an emerging Europe are interesting and important issues.

Business Ethics of Innovation

Business Ethics of Innovation Author Gerd Hanekamp
ISBN-10 9783540723103
Release 2007-05-06
Pages 112
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Firms generally depend upon innovations in order to achieve advantages on competitive markets, thus also raising societal questions. Business ethics provides a normative framework for balancing the different perspectives, values, and interests at stake. This balance must be achieved both at relevant firm and regulatory levels. Business Ethics of Innovation is thus necessarily an interdisciplinary endeavour. This volume assesses general questions of how business ethics may contribute to adequate innovations and specifically discusses respective case studies in pharmaceutical and IT sectors.

Radioactive Waste

Radioactive Waste Author Christian Streffer
ISBN-10 9783642229251
Release 2011-11-16
Pages 466
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Radioactive waste (above all highly radioactive wastes from nuclear installations) caused by research, medicine and technology must be disposed of safely. However both the strategies disputed for the disposal of radioactive waste as well as concrete proposals for choosing a location for final waste disposal are highly debatable. An appropriate disposal must conform to both complex, technical requirements and fulfill the radio-biological conditions to appropriately protect man and nature. Ethical, legal and social conditions must also be considered. An interdisciplinary team from various, relevant fields compiled the current status-quo and developed criteria and strategies, which on the one hand meet the requirements of optimal warning and prevention of risk for present and future generations, and additionally on the other hand meet the needs of what current society agrees what is expected to be allowed. This study can be understood as an advanced and continuing contribution to the corresponding scientific specialized debates, due to its interdisciplinary treatment. At the same time it serves as a fundamentally informing contribution to public and political debates, offering an easily comprehensible executive summary and precise content recommendations.

Balancing Renewable Electricity

Balancing Renewable Electricity Author Bert Droste-Franke
ISBN-10 9783642251566
Release 2012-01-19
Pages 253
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This book makes use of existing scenarios to sketch a new structure for Germany's and Europe's electricity system that will be able to cope simultaneously with the fundamental demands for economic efficiency, environmental sustainability and supply security.

Nachhaltigkeit und Gerechtigkeit

Nachhaltigkeit und Gerechtigkeit Author Gerhard de Haan
ISBN-10 9783540854913
Release 2008-09-11
Pages 260
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Die Ausrichtung des Handelns auf die Ziele einer nachhaltigen und gerechten Entwicklung geht mit der Forderung nach einer gezielten Vermittlung entsprechender Bildungsinhalte einher. Auf der Grundlage klarer begrifflicher Unterscheidungen zwischen einem planungsrationalen Konzept der Nachhaltigkeit und einem an die moralphilosophische Tradition anschließenden Konzept der Gerechtigkeit markiert die Studie die Handlungserfordernisse und analysiert die Hemmnisse, die es zu überwinden gilt. Daraus werden systematisch die Kompetenzen abgeleitet, um deren Vermittlung sich schulische Bildung verstärkt bemühen sollte.

Just Caring

Just Caring Author Leonard M. Fleck
ISBN-10 9780195128048
Release 2009
Pages 460
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What does it mean to be a "just" and "caring" society when we have only limited resources to meet unlimited health care needs? Do we believe that all lives are of equal value? Is human life priceless? Should a "just" and "caring" society refuse to put limits on health care spending? In Just Caring, Leonard Fleck reflects on the central moral and political challenges of health reform today. He cites the millions of Americans who go without health insurance, thousands of whom die prematurely, unable to afford the health care needed to save their lives. Fleck considers these deaths as contrary to our deepest social values, and makes a case for the necessity of health care rationing decisions. The core argument of this book is that no one has a moral right to impose rationing decisions on others if they are unwilling to impose those same rationing decisions on themselves in the same medical circumstances. Fleck argues we can make health care rationing fair, in ways that are mutually respectful, if we engage in honest rational democratic deliberation. Such civic engagement is rare in our society, but the alternative is endless destructive social controversy that is neither just nor caring.

The Ethics of Screening in Health Care and Medicine

The Ethics of Screening in Health Care and Medicine Author Niklas Juth
ISBN-10 9400720459
Release 2011-09-20
Pages 182
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Medical or health-oriented screening programs are amongst the most debated aspects of health care and public health practices in health care and public health ethics, as well as health policy discussions. In spite of this, most treatments of screening in the research literature restrict themselves to isolated scientific aspects, sometimes complemented by economic analyses or loose speculations regarding policy aspects. At the same time, recent advances in medical genetics and technology, as well as a rapidly growing societal focus on public health concerns, inspires an increase in suggested or recently started screening programs. This book involves an in-depth analysis of the ethical, political and philosophical issues related to health-oriented screening programs. It explores the considerations that arise when heath care interacts with other societal institutions on a large scale, as is the case with screening: What values may be promoted or compromised by screening programs? What conflicts of values do typically arise – both internally and in relation to the goals of health care, on the one hand, and the goals of public health and the general society, on the other? What aspects of screening are relevant for determining whether it should be undertaken or not and how it should be organised in order to remain defensible? What implications does the ethics of screening have for health care ethics as a whole? These questions are addressed by applying philosophical methods of conceptual analysis, as well as models and theories from moral and political philosophy, medical ethics, and public health ethics, to a large number of ongoing and proposed screening programs which makes this book the first comprehensive work on the ethics of screening. Analyses and suggestions are made that are of potential interest to health care staff, medical researchers, policy makers and the general public.

The Price of Precaution and the Ethics of Risk

The Price of Precaution and the Ethics of Risk Author Christian Munthe
ISBN-10 9400713304
Release 2011-05-19
Pages 192
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Christian Munthe undertakes an innovative, in-depth philosophical analysis of what the idea of a precautionary principle is and should be about. A novel theory of the ethics of imposing risks is developed and used as a foundation for defending the idea of precaution in environmental and technological policy making against its critics, while at the same time avoiding a number of identified flaws. The theory is shown to have far-reaching practical conclusions for areas such as bio-, information- and nuclear technology, and global environmental policy in areas such as climate change. The author argues that, while the price we pay for precaution must not be too high, we have to be prepared to pay it in order to act ethically defensible. A number of practical suggestions for precautionary regulation and policy making are made on the basis of this, and some challenges to basic ethical theory as well as consumerist societies, the global political order and liberal democracy are identified. Munthe’s book is a well-argued contribution to the PP debate, putting neglected justificatory and methodological questions at the forefront. His many discussions of alternative accounts as well as his drawing out the consequences of his own suggestion in practical cases give the reader a thorough, holistic sense of what justification of PP amounts to. /..../ Munthe’s main case, his argumentation for the requirement of precaution as a moral norm, is convincing and puts a strong pressure on too narrow alternative suggestions on how it should be perceived and justified, and he launches a plausible defence of its practical usability.

Principles of Biomedical Ethics

Principles of Biomedical Ethics Author Tom L. Beauchamp
ISBN-10 9780195143317
Release 2001
Pages 454
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For many years this has been a leading textbook of bioethics. It established the framework of principles within the field. This is a very thorough revision with a new chapter on methods and moral justification.

The Pharos of Alpha Omega Alpha

The Pharos of Alpha Omega Alpha Author
ISBN-10 UCLA:L0061530549
Release 1989
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The Pharos of Alpha Omega Alpha has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Pharos of Alpha Omega Alpha also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Pharos of Alpha Omega Alpha book for free.

Moral Aspects of Health Care

Moral Aspects of Health Care Author Vincent E. Barry
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105004543372
Release 1982-01-01
Pages 510
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Moral Aspects of Health Care has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Moral Aspects of Health Care also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Moral Aspects of Health Care book for free.

Advances in Quality of Life Theory and Research

Advances in Quality of Life Theory and Research Author M. Joseph Sirgy
ISBN-10 9789401703871
Release 2013-03-09
Pages 269
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This volume is relevant to quality-of-life researchers working in the areas of social medicine, sustainable development, social indicators research and health psychology/behavioral medicine. It represents a culmination of programmatic research in the science of QOL. The research methods and conceptual models used are exemplary and can induce QOL researchers to conduct future research in other cultures, geographic areas, and different socio-economic and demographic groups as well as in different QOL domains.

Fair Resource Allocation and Rationing at the Bedside

Fair Resource Allocation and Rationing at the Bedside Author Reidun Forde
ISBN-10 9780199989447
Release 2014-10-09
Pages 453
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Health systems need to set priorities fairly. In one way or another, part of this important task will fall to physicians. How do they make judgments about resource stewardship, and how should they do so? How can they make such decisions in a manner that is compatible with their clinical duties to patients? In this book, philosophers, bioethicists, physicians, lawyers and health policy experts make the case that priority setting and rationing contribute significantly to the possibility of affordable and fair healthcare and that clinicians play an indispensable role in that process. The book depicts the results of a survey of European physicians about their experiences with rationing and other cost containment strategies, and their perception of scarcity and fairness in their health care systems. Responding to and complementing these findings, commentators discuss why resource allocation and bedside rationing is necessary and justifiable. The book explores how bedside rationing relates to clinical judgments about medical necessity and medical indications, marginal benefits, weak evidence based medicine, off-label use. The book highlights how comparative studies of health care systems can advance more effective and fair bedside rationing through learning from one another. From a practical standpoint, the book offers a number of strategies for health care systems and clinicians to work in tandem to allocate and ration resources as fairly as possible: how to foster more attention to fairness when rationing at the bedside, how to avoid exacerbating health disparities when allocating resources, how to teach about bedside rationing to students, how to discuss rationing more explicitly in the public arena and in the doctor's office.

Information Technology Ethics Cultural Perspectives

Information Technology Ethics  Cultural Perspectives Author Hongladarom, Soraj
ISBN-10 9781599043128
Release 2006-12-31
Pages 260
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"This book is the first publication that takes a genuinely global approach to the diverse ethical issues evoked by Information and Communication Technologies and their possible resolutions. Readers will gain a greater appreciation for the problems and possibilities of genuinely global information ethics, which are urgently needed as information and communication technologies continue their exponential growth"--Provided by publisher.

Public Health Ethics Cases Spanning the Globe

Public Health Ethics  Cases Spanning the Globe Author Drue H. Barrett
ISBN-10 9783319238470
Release 2016-04-12
Pages 329
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This Open Access book highlights the ethical issues and dilemmas that arise in the practice of public health. It is also a tool to support instruction, debate, and dialogue regarding public health ethics. Although the practice of public health has always included consideration of ethical issues, the field of public health ethics as a discipline is a relatively new and emerging area. There are few practical training resources for public health practitioners, especially resources which include discussion of realistic cases which are likely to arise in the practice of public health. This work discusses these issues on a case to case basis and helps create awareness and understanding of the ethics of public health care. The main audience for the casebook is public health practitioners, including front-line workers, field epidemiology trainers and trainees, managers, planners, and decision makers who have an interest in learning about how to integrate ethical analysis into their day to day public health practice. The casebook is also useful to schools of public health and public health students as well as to academic ethicists who can use the book to teach public health ethics and distinguish it from clinical and research ethics.

Machine Medical Ethics

Machine Medical Ethics Author Simon Peter van Rysewyk
ISBN-10 9783319081083
Release 2014-09-05
Pages 369
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The essays in this book, written by researchers from both humanities and science, describe various theoretical and experimental approaches to adding medical ethics to a machine, what design features are necessary in order to achieve this, philosophical and practical questions concerning justice, rights, decision-making and responsibility in medical contexts, and accurately modeling essential physician-machine-patient relationships. In medical settings, machines are in close proximity with human beings: with patients who are in vulnerable states of health, who have disabilities of various kinds, with the very young or very old and with medical professionals. Machines in these contexts are undertaking important medical tasks that require emotional sensitivity, knowledge of medical codes, human dignity and privacy. As machine technology advances, ethical concerns become more urgent: should medical machines be programmed to follow a code of medical ethics? What theory or theories should constrain medical machine conduct? What design features are required? Should machines share responsibility with humans for the ethical consequences of medical actions? How ought clinical relationships involving machines to be modeled? Is a capacity for empathy and emotion detection necessary? What about consciousness? This collection is the first book that addresses these 21st-century concerns.

Ethics in Public Health and Health Policy

Ethics in Public Health and Health Policy Author Daniel Strech
ISBN-10 9789400763746
Release 2013-05-15
Pages 229
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Ethical issues associated with public health and health policy--related, for example, to pandemic plans and vaccination policies (c.f. SARS or pandemic influenza), preventive measures like screening (e.g. for breast cancer or dementia) or health information campaigns, social inequalities or health care rationing--are increasing in worldwide importance. Evidence-based information for valid benefit-harm assessment is often rare and hard to get for participants in public health interventions. Program implementation often disregards requirements of fair decision-making processes (like public participation, transparency, etc.). Originating from an international conference (based on a call for abstracts and external review), this volume contains contributions from a group of experts from multiple disciplines and countries. It covers (i) conceptual foundations of public health ethics, (ii) methodological approaches and (iii) normative analyses of specific issues and cases. Bridging theoretical foundations with practical applications, this volume provides a valuable resource for researchers, practitioners and students concerned with public health practice and policy.