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Reflections

Reflections Author Raymond Smullyan
ISBN-10 9789814644600
Release 2015-04-08
Pages 224
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This is an exciting if not rambling account of events of Raymond Smullyan's four lives — as a mathematical logician, musician, magician, and author — together with thoughts that come to his mind as he recalls them. This book includes topics from some of Smullyan's twenty-six books, as well as many of his favorite anecdotes and jokes. It also presents some generalizations of theorems of the great logicians Gödel and Tarski, and discusses logic in general, and how he won his wife with a logic trick! Smullyan also relates some of his teaching experiences, and expresses his views on mathematical education, and how our present textbooks are primarily responsible for its decline! About his life as a pianist, Smullyan relates a good deal about his experiences with the Piano Society — a wonderful organization to which he is a staunch contributor, and how he has had such delightful relations with many of its members. Last but not least, Smullyan recounts how he has known some lovely ladies over the years. Contents:Early ChildhoodLater ChildhoodHigh SchoolBeginning CollegeUniversity of Chicago, Music, MagicDartmouth, PrincetonAfter GraduationDiagonalization, Love, Logic, a LetterThe Piano SocietyLovely Ladies I Have Known Readership: Music enthusiasts, piano society, math and logic enthusiasts, people interested in magic, people interested in Taoist philosophy, etc. Keywords:Logic;Magic;Mathematics;Gödel;Tarski;Piano Society;JokesReview: “We read of Smullyan's recollections of incidents in his past that support the images of a man who enjoys logic, music, mathematics, puns etc. If you have enjoyed any of Smullyan's books and wish to know more about the author, you will enjoy this breezy set of reflections as well.” Mathematical Association of America



Reflections

Reflections Author Raymond M. Smullyan
ISBN-10 9814644587
Release 2015
Pages 213
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This is an exciting if not rambling account of events of Raymond Smullyan's four lives -- as a mathematical logician, musician, magician, and author -- together with thoughts that come to his mind as he recalls them. This book includes topics from some of Smullyan's twenty-six books, as well as many of his favorite anecdotes and jokes. It also presents some generalizations of theorems of the great logicians GOdel and Tarski, and discusses logic in general, and how he won his wife with a logic trick! Smullyan also relates some of his teaching experiences, and expresses his views on mathematical education, and how our present textbooks are primarily responsible for its decline! About his life as a pianist, Smullyan relates a good deal about his experiences with the Piano Society -- a wonderful organization to which he is a staunch contributor, and how he has had such delightful relations with many of its members. Last but not least, Smullyan recounts how he has known some lovely ladies over the years.



Theory of Formal Systems AM 47

Theory of Formal Systems   AM 47 Author Raymond M. Smullyan
ISBN-10 9781400882007
Release 2016-03-02
Pages 156
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This book serves both as a completely self-contained introduction and as an exposition of new results in the field of recursive function theory and its application to formal systems.



Forever Undecided

Forever Undecided Author Raymond M. Smullyan
ISBN-10 9780307962461
Release 2012-07-04
Pages 257
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Forever Undecided is the most challenging yet of Raymond Smullyan’s puzzle collections. It is, at the same time, an introduction—ingenious, instructive, entertaining—to Gödel’s famous theorems. With all the wit and charm that have delighted readers of his previous books, Smullyan transports us once again to that magical island where knights always tell the truth and knaves always lie. Here we meet a new and amazing array of characters, visitors to the island, seeking to determine the natives’ identities. Among them: the census-taker McGregor; a philosophical-logician in search of his flighty bird-wife, Oona; and a regiment of Reasoners (timid ones, normal ones, conceited, modest, and peculiar ones) armed with the rules of propositional logic (if X is true, then so is Y). By following the Reasoners through brain-tingling exercises and adventures—including journeys into the “other possible worlds” of Kripke semantics—even the most illogical of us come to understand Gödel’s two great theorems on incompleteness and undecidability, some of their philosophical and mathematical implications, and why we, like Gödel himself, must remain Forever Undecided!



The Magic of Maths

The Magic of Maths Author Kjartan Poskitt
ISBN-10 140714720X
Release 2014-08-07
Pages 208
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Murderous Maths: The Magic of Maths is full of incredible tricks to wow children and teachers alike. Brand new for the relaunch of the primary national curriculum in autumn 2014, children can discover how to use the power of maths to beat the calculator, perform amazing card tricks and even read minds! Illustrated by Philip Reeve and presented in a bold, funky and accessible way so children can find out why maths is marvellous, a new generation of Kjartan Poskitt fans will be able to discover the world of MURDEROUS MATHS. Get ready to be amazed!



On Musical Self similarity

On Musical Self similarity Author
ISBN-10 9789525431322
Release 2011
Pages 552
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On Musical Self similarity has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from On Musical Self similarity also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full On Musical Self similarity book for free.



To Mock a Mocking Bird

To Mock a Mocking Bird Author Raymond M. Smullyan
ISBN-10 9780307819796
Release 2012-06-27
Pages 256
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In this entertaining and challenging new collection of logic puzzles, Raymond Smullyan—author of What Is the Name of This Book? And The Lady or the Tiger?—continues to delight and astonish us with his gift for making available, in the thoroughly pleasurable form of puzzles, some of the most important mathematical thinking of our time. In the first part of the book, he transports us once again to that wonderful realm where knights, knaves, twin sisters, quadruplet brothers, gods, demons, and mortals either always tell the truth or always lie, and where truth-seekers are set a variety of fascinating problems. The section culminates in an enchanting and profound metapuzzle (a puzzle about a puzzle), in which Inspector Craig of Scotland Yard gets involved in a search of the Fountain of Youth on the Island of Knights and Knaves. In the second and larger section, we accompany the Inspector on a summer-long adventure into the field of combinatory logic (a branch of logic that plays an important role in computer science and artificial intelligence). His adventure, which includes enchanted forests, talking birds, bird sociologists, and a classic quest, provides for us along the way the pleasure of solving puzzles of increasing complexity until we reach the Master Forest and—thanks to Gödel’s famous theorem—the final revelation. To Mock a Mockingbird will delight all puzzle lovers—the curious neophytes as well as the serious students of logic, mathematics, or computer science.



The Riddle of Scheherazade

The Riddle of Scheherazade Author Raymond M. Smullyan
ISBN-10 9780307819833
Release 2012-08-22
Pages 224
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In his new book, Raymond Smullyan, grand vizier of the logic puzzle, joins Scheherazade, a charming young woman of “fantastic logical ingenuity,” to give us 1001 hours of brain-teasing fun. Scheherazade, we find, has gotten back into hot water with the king, and is once more in danger of losing her head at down. But, thinking quickly, she tempts the king to stay her execution by posing him the most delightfully devious mathematical and logic puzzle ever invented. They keep him guessing for many more nights until the fatal hour has passed, and she keeps her head. The Riddle of Scheherazade includes several wonderful old chestnuts and many fiendishly original puzzles, 225 in all. There are logic tricks and number games, metapuzzles (puzzles about puzzles), liar/truth-teller exercises, Gödelian brian twisters, baffling paradoxes, and an excursion, under Scheherazade’s expert guidance, into an amusing new field invented by Smullyan, called “coercive” logic, in which the answer to a problem can actually change the fate of the puzzler! An absolute must for all puzzle fans—from the middle-school whiz to the sophisticated mathematician or computer scientist.



The G delian Puzzle Book

The G  delian Puzzle Book Author Raymond M. Smullyan
ISBN-10 9780486315775
Release 2013-08-21
Pages 240
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These logic puzzles provide entertaining variations on Gödel's incompleteness theorems, offering ingenious challenges related to infinity, truth and provability, undecidability, and other concepts. No background in formal logic necessary.



A Beginner s Guide to Mathematical Logic

A Beginner s Guide to Mathematical Logic Author Raymond M. Smullyan
ISBN-10 9780486782973
Release 2014-03-19
Pages 304
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Combining stories of great writers and philosophers with quotations and riddles, this completely original text for first courses in mathematical logic examines problems related to proofs, propositional logic and first-order logic, undecidability, and other topics. 2013 edition.



Alice in Puzzle land

Alice in Puzzle land Author Raymond M. Smullyan
ISBN-10 9780486482002
Release 2011-12
Pages 182
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Characters from Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass populate these 88 intriguing puzzles. Mathematician Raymond Smullyan re-creates the spirit of Lewis Carroll's writings in puzzles involving word play, logic and metalogic, and philosophical paradoxes. Challenges range from easy to difficult and include solutions, plus 60 charming illustrations. "An ingenious book." — Boston Globe.



The Chess Mysteries of Sherlock Holmes

The Chess Mysteries of Sherlock Holmes Author Raymond M. Smullyan
ISBN-10 9780486482019
Release 2012-01
Pages 171
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Join Holmes and Watson as they examine interrupted games to deduce prior moves. A series of increasingly complex chess mysteries culminates in a double murder perpetrated by Professor Moriarty. The master sleuth instructs his companion (and us) in the intricacies of retrograde analysis; readers need only a knowledge of how the pieces move.



Satan Cantor And Infinity And Other Mind bogglin

Satan  Cantor  And Infinity And Other Mind bogglin Author Raymond M. Smullyan
ISBN-10 9780307819826
Release 2012-05-30
Pages 270
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More than two hundred new and challenging logic puzzles—the simplest brainteaser to the most complex paradoxes in contemporary mathematical thinking—from our topmost puzzlemaster (“the most entertaining logician who ever lived,” Martin Gardner has called him). Our guide to the puzzles is the Sorcerer, who resides on the Island of Knights and Knaves, where knights always tell the truth and knaves always lie, and he introduces us to the amazing magic—logic—that enables to discover which inhabitants are which. Then, in a picaresque adventure in logic, he takes us to the planet Og, to the Island of Partial Silence, and to a land where metallic robots wearing strings of capital letters are noisily duplicating and dismantling themselves and others. The reader’s job is to figure out how it all works. Finally, we accompany the Sorcerer on an alluring tour of Infinity which includes George Cantor’s amazing mathematical insights. The tour (and the book) ends with Satan devising a diabolical puzzle for one of Cantor’s prize students—who outwits him! In sum: a devilish magician’s cornucopia of puzzles—a delight for every age and level of ability.



Logical Labyrinths

Logical Labyrinths Author Raymond Smullyan
ISBN-10 9781439865378
Release 2008-12-22
Pages 275
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This book features a unique approach to the teaching of mathematical logic by putting it in the context of the puzzles and paradoxes of common language and rational thought. It serves as a bridge from the author’s puzzle books to his technical writing in the fascinating field of mathematical logic. Using the logic of lying and truth-telling, the author introduces the readers to informal reasoning preparing them for the formal study of symbolic logic, from propositional logic to first-order logic, a subject that has many important applications to philosophy, mathematics, and computer science. The book includes a journey through the amazing labyrinths of infinity, which have stirred the imagination of mankind as much, if not more, than any other subject.



A Beginner s Further Guide to Mathematical Logic

A Beginner s Further Guide to Mathematical Logic Author Raymond Smullyan
ISBN-10 9789814733014
Release 2016-11-11
Pages 288
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This is the final book written by the late great puzzle master and logician, Dr. Raymond Smullyan. This book is a sequel to my Beginner's Guide to Mathematical Logic. The previous volume deals with elements of propositional and first-order logic, contains a bit on formal systems and recursion, and concludes with chapters on Gödel's famous incompleteness theorem, along with related results. The present volume begins with a bit more on propositional and first-order logic, followed by what I would call a "fein" chapter, which simultaneously generalizes some results from recursion theory, first-order arithmetic systems, and what I dub a "decision machine." Then come five chapters on formal systems, recursion theory and metamathematical applications in a general setting. The concluding five chapters are on the beautiful subject of combinatory logic, which is not only intriguing in its own right, but has important applications to computer science. Argonne National Laboratory is especially involved in these applications, and I am proud to say that its members have found use for some of my results in combinatory logic. This book does not cover such important subjects as set theory, model theory, proof theory, and modern developments in recursion theory, but the reader, after studying this volume, will be amply prepared for the study of these more advanced topics. Request Inspection Copy



Music Magic

Music Magic Author Lucy Bainger
ISBN-10 1920934049
Release 2007
Pages 151
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An Australian music teaching resource written by an experienced early music teacher in consultation with academics and educators for use in centres, preschools, kindergarten classrooms and other early childhood.



The Story Of Numbers

The Story Of Numbers Author Mallik Asok Kumar
ISBN-10 9789813222946
Release 2017-07-27
Pages 196
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This book is more than a mathematics textbook. It discusses various kinds of numbers and curious interconnections between them. Without getting into hardcore and difficult mathematical technicalities, the book lucidly introduces all kinds of numbers that mathematicians have created. Interesting anecdotes involving great mathematicians and their marvelous creations are included. The reader will get a glimpse of the thought process behind the invention of new mathematics. Starting from natural numbers, the book discusses integers, real numbers, imaginary and complex numbers and some special numbers like quaternions, dual numbers and p-adic numbers. Real numbers include rational, irrational and transcendental numbers. Iterations on real numbers are shown to throw up some unexpected behavior, which has given rise to the new science of "Chaos". Special numbers like e, pi, golden ratio, Euler's constant, Gauss's constant, amongst others, are discussed in great detail. The origin of imaginary numbers and the use of complex numbers constitute the next topic. It is shown why modern mathematics cannot even be imagined without imaginary numbers. Iterations on complex numbers are shown to generate a new mathematical object called 'Fractal', which is ubiquitous in nature. Finally, some very special numbers, not mentioned in the usual textbooks, and their applications, are introduced at an elementary level. The level of mathematics discussed in this book is easily accessible to young adults interested in mathematics, high school students, and adults having some interest in basic mathematics. The book concentrates more on the story than on rigorous mathematics.