Download or read online books in PDF, EPUB and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.

Rejection of Emerging Organic Contaminants by Nanofiltration and Reverse Osmosis Membranes

Rejection of Emerging Organic Contaminants by Nanofiltration and Reverse Osmosis Membranes Author Victor Augusto Yangali Quintanilla
ISBN-10 9780203093368
Release 2010-05-11
Pages 216
Download Link Click Here

Pollution of water sources with emerging contaminants (micropollutants) is a fact known worldwide. Although the risks of micropollutants in sources of water are partly recognized, interpretation of consequences are controversial; thus, the future effects of altered water with micropollutants remains uncertain and may constitute a point of concern for human beings when potable water consumption is involved. Therefore, many drinking water utilities target as an important goal high-quality drinking water production to lessen quality considerations that may arise from the consumers. In this thesis, by means of the use of multivariate data analysis techniques, removal quantification is effectively determined and more understanding of the separation of micropollutants by membranes is achieved.



Water Reclamation Technologies for Safe Managed Aquifer Recharge

Water Reclamation Technologies for Safe Managed Aquifer Recharge Author Christian Kazner
ISBN-10 9781843393443
Release 2012
Pages 429
Download Link Click Here

Different treatment applications in terms of behaviour of key microbial and chemical contaminants are assessed. Engineered as well as natural treatment trains are investigated to provide guidance for sustainable MAR schemes using alternative sources such as recycled water and stormwater. The technologies considered are also well suited to the needs of developing countries, which have a growing need of supplementation of freshwater resources. A broad range of international full-scale case studies enables insights into long-term system behaviour, operational aspects, and fate of a comprehensive number of compounds and contaminants, especially microbiological hazards, organic micropollutants and bulk organics.



Emerging Membrane Technology for Sustainable Water Treatment

Emerging Membrane Technology for Sustainable Water Treatment Author Rajindar Singh
ISBN-10 9780444633163
Release 2016-03-10
Pages 480
Download Link Click Here

Emerging Membrane Technology for Sustainable Water Treatment provides the latest information on the impending crisis posed by water stress and poor sanitation, a timely issue that is one of the greatest human challenges of the 21st century. The book also discusses the use of membrane technology, a serious contender that can be used to confront the crisis on a global scale, along with its specific uses as a solution to this escalating problem. Provides a unique source on membrane technology and its application for water treatment Focuses on technologies designed for the treatment of seawater and brackish water Highlights the most economically and environmentally friendly membrane technologies Lists various technologies and emphasizes their link to renewable energy, energy efficiency, nanotechnology, reuse, and recycle



Advanced Treatment Technologies for Urban Wastewater Reuse

Advanced Treatment Technologies for Urban Wastewater Reuse Author Despo Fatta-Kassinos
ISBN-10 9783319238869
Release 2016-01-28
Pages 305
Download Link Click Here

This volume offers a detailed overview of currently applied and tested wastewater treatment technologies and the integration of advanced processes to remove trace organic contaminants and microorganisms. It discusses the potential of enhanced biological treatment to produce effluent suitable for reuse, new processes for urban wastewater disinfection and the reduction of antibiotic resistant bacteria, as well as the effect of advanced oxidation processes on wastewater microbiome and chemical contaminants. It also presents membrane bioreactors, moving bed bioreactors, light and solar driven technologies, ozonation and immobilised heterogeneous photocatalysis and provides an evaluation of the potential of constructed wetlands integrated with advanced oxidation technologies to produce wastewater safe for reuse. Furthermore, the volume discusses water reuse issues and standards, the status of membrane bioreactors applications, and the treatment of reverse osmosis concentrate for enhanced water recovery during wastewater treatment. Finally, it presents recent developments in potable water reuse and addresses various important issues in this framework, like the proper protection of public health, reliability and monitoring. This volume is of interest to experts, scientists and practitioners from various fields of research, including analytical and environmental chemistry, toxicology and environmental and sanitary engineering, as well as treatment plant operators and policymakers.



Ecopharmacovigilance

Ecopharmacovigilance Author Leobardo Manuel Gómez-Oliván
ISBN-10 9783319734767
Release 2018-05-07
Pages 250
Download Link Click Here

The indiscriminate use of medications and their inadequate disposal have resulted in them being released into the environment via municipal, hospital and industrial discharges. This volume critically examines the presence of pharmaceuticals in aquatic ecosystems, the hazards they entail, and how to minimize their impact on the environment. The topics covered include: historical findings that have made the development of the discipline ecopharmacovigilance possible; the main exposure routes, fate and life cycle of pharmaceuticals in water; occurrence data and the impact on biodiversity; methods used for the detection, analysis and quantification of pharmaceuticals in water and for their removal; current legislation on the presence of emerging contaminants in water; biosensors for environmental analysis and monitoring; and the measures needed to reduce the existing problems. This book is aimed at students, academics and research workers in the fields of toxicology, ecology, microbiology and chemistry, as well as those in the pharmaceutical industry, health sector professionals, and members of government bodies involved in environmental protection and legislation.



Emerging Contaminants from Industrial and Municipal Waste

Emerging Contaminants from Industrial and Municipal Waste Author Damià Barceló
ISBN-10 9783540792109
Release 2008-10-16
Pages 284
Download Link Click Here

This book focuses on innovative treatment technologies for the elimination of emerging contaminants in wastewater and drinking water treatment processes. The book also discusses sources and occurrence of emerging contaminants in municipal and industrial waste, giving an overview of state-of-the-art analytical methods for their identification. Further important aspects covered include the acute and chronic effects and overall impact of emerging contaminants on the environment.



Membrane Processes for Water Reuse

Membrane Processes for Water Reuse Author Anthony Wachinski
ISBN-10 9780071748964
Release 2012-09-03
Pages 576
Download Link Click Here

COST-EFFECTIVE MEMBRANE SOLUTIONS FOR WATER AND WASTEWATER REUSE APPLICATIONS Written by a water and wastewater industry expert with more than 35 years of experience, this book describes how membrane technology can be used alone, coupled with aerobic or anaerobic processes, or as integrated membrane systems to process treated municipal effluent or industrial wastewater for discharge, recycle, or reuse. After reviewing chemistry fundamentals and basic principles, Membrane Processes for Water Reuse covers microfiltration, ultrafiltration, nanofiltration, reverse osmosis, and membrane coupled bioprocesses. The design, sizing, and selection of membrane technologies for water recycling and reuse applications is discussed in detail. Wastewater reuse case studies and example problems illustrate the concepts presented in this practical, authoritative guide. Coverage includes: Water reuse overview Water quality Basic concepts of membrane filtration processes Low pressure membrane technology--microfiltration and ultrafiltration Diffusive membrane technologies--nanofiltration and reverse osmosis Membrane-coupled bioprocess Design of membrane systems for water recycling and reuse Future trends and challenges



Nanofiltration

Nanofiltration Author A. I. Schäfer
ISBN-10 9781856174213
Release 2005
Pages 560
Download Link Click Here

Nanofiltration processes are finding wide applications in several 'wet' industries, such as water/wastewater treatment, water re-use, textile industry, diary industry, food industry and the pulp and paper industries. Despite this, no definitive book exists which covers the principles of the techniques and their potential and actual applications. ' Nanofiltration: Principles and Applications ' is edited by three well-known specialists from Australia, and contains chapters from top international authorities. The result is a comprehensive and up to date account which will be essential reading for membrane designers, manufacturers and end-users worldwide. *Hot industrial topic *Best Australian Editors and international contributors *The only book on the topic



Handbook of Membrane Separations

Handbook of Membrane Separations Author Anil K. Pabby
ISBN-10 9781466555587
Release 2015-04-09
Pages 878
Download Link Click Here

The Handbook of Membrane Separations: Chemical, Pharmaceutical, Food, and Biotechnological Applications, Second Edition provides detailed information on membrane separation technologies from an international team of experts. The handbook fills an important gap in the current literature by providing a comprehensive discussion of membrane applications in the chemical, food, pharmaceutical, and biotechnology industries as well as in the treatment of toxic industrial effluents. This revised second edition has been updated and expanded with discussions of new membrane products and processes and novel applications in engineering, life sciences, and energy conversion. It also includes new chapters in the field of membrane science and technology covering recent advances in RO and UF, ionic liquids, nanotechnology, roles of membrane in power generation, updates on fuel cells, new membrane extraction configuration, and other important topics. The handbook is equally suited for the newcomer to the field as it is for process engineers and research scientists (membranologists/membrane experts) who are interested in obtaining more advanced information about specific applications. It provides readers with a comprehensive and well-balanced overview of the present state of membrane science and technology.



Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water

Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water Author Anita Street
ISBN-10 9781455731855
Release 2014-05-15
Pages 704
Download Link Click Here

Nanotechnology is already having a dramatic impact on improving water quality and the second edition of Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water highlights both the challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection. This book presents detailed information on cutting-edge technologies, current research, and trends that may impact the success and uptake of the applications. Recent advances show that many of the current problems with water quality can be addressed using nanosorbents, nanocatalysts, bioactive nanoparticles, nanostructured catalytic membranes, and nanoparticle enhanced filtration. The book describes these technologies in detail and demonstrates how they can provide clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems. In addition, the book addresses the societal factors that may affect widespread acceptance of the applications. Sections are also featured on carbon nanotube arrays and graphene-based sensors for contaminant sensing, nanostructured membranes for water purification, and multifunctional materials in carbon microspheres for the remediation of chlorinated hydrocarbons. Addresses both the technological aspects of delivering clean water supplies and the societal implications that affect take-up Details how the technologies are applied in large-scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems Highlights challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection



Recent Developments in Forward Osmosis Processes

Recent Developments in Forward Osmosis Processes Author Rodrigo Valladares Linares
ISBN-10 9781780408118
Release 2017-05-15
Pages 404
Download Link Click Here

Forward osmosis (FO) is an emerging membrane technology with a range of possible water treatment applications (desalination and wastewater treatment and recovery). Recent Developments in Forward Osmosis Processes provides an overview of applications, advantages, challenges, costs and current knowledge gaps. Commercial technology, hybrid FO systems for both desalination and water recovery applications have shown to have higher capital cost compared to conventional technologies. Nevertheless, due to the demonstrated lower operational costs of hybrid FO systems, the unit cost for each m3 of fresh water produced with the FO system are lower than conventional desalination/water recovery technologies (i.e. ultrafiltration/RO systems). There are key benefits of using FO hybrid systems compared to RO: • chemical storage and feed systems may be reduced for capital, operational and maintenance cost savings, • reduced process piping costs, • more flexible treatment units, • higher overall sustainability of the desalination process, while producing high quality water.



Graphene Technology

Graphene Technology Author Soroush Nazarpour
ISBN-10 9783527338337
Release 2016-09-13
Pages 232
Download Link Click Here

Filling the gap between publications for industrial developers and academic researchers on graphene synthesis and its applications, this book presents the essential aspects for the successful upscaling of graphene production. After an introduction to graphene, its synthesis and characterization, the text covers a wide variety of graphene composites and compounds. The larger part of the book discusses various applications where graphene has been successfully integrated into technologies, including uses in the energy sector, oil and gas industry, biomedical areas, sensors and coatings. Finally, the book concludes with a summary and a look at the future of graphene technology, including a market review. With its focus on applications, this is equally useful for both academic and industrial users.



Desalination

Desalination Author Jane Kucera
ISBN-10 9781118904800
Release 2014-02-04
Pages 664
Download Link Click Here

This is the first volume to cover desalination in such depth and detail, offering engineers, technicians, and operators full coverage of the applications, economics, and expectations of what will certainly become one of the most important water-related processes on the planet. Covering thermal processes and membrane processes, this is the only volume any engineer working in desalination must have, covering both practical and theoretical issues encountered on a daily basis. Certain to be an important contribution to the water management community.



Identifying Future Drinking Water Contaminants

Identifying Future Drinking Water Contaminants Author 1998 Workshop on Emerging Drinking Water Contaminants
ISBN-10 9780309064323
Release 1999-08-30
Pages 276
Download Link Click Here

With an increasing population, use of new and diverse chemicals that can enter the water supply, and emergence of new microbial pathogens, the U.S. federal government is faced with a regulatory dilemma: Where should it focus its attention and limited resources to ensure safe drinking water supplies for the future? Identifying Future Drinking Water Contaminants is based on a 1998 workshop on emerging drinking water contaminants. It includes a dozen papers that were presented on new and emerging microbiological and chemical drinking water contaminants, associated analytical and water treatment methods for their detection and removal, and existing and proposed environmental databases to assist in their proactive identification and regulation. The papers are preceded by a conceptual approach and related recommendations to EPA for the periodic creation of future Drinking Water Contaminant Candidate Lists (CCLs--produced every five years--include currently unregulated chemical and microbiological substances that are known or anticipated to occur in public water systems and that may pose health risks).



Handbook of Environmental Engineering

Handbook of Environmental Engineering Author Rao Surampalli
ISBN-10 9781259860232
Release 2018-08-24
Pages
Download Link Click Here

A complete guide to environmental remediation technologies, techniques, and regulations This practical resource offers comprehensive coverage of the latest environmental codes alongside step-by-step remediation procedures. The book features information on all segments of the market, including water, air quality, and hazardous wastes, and enables you to ensure compliance with federal regulations. Handbook of Environmental Engineering fully explains engineering methods and technologies and directly connects them to applicable standards. You will get details on environmental tools such as sensors and monitoring, toxicity controls and treatments, and waste disposal. Measurement data, environmental impact assessments, and real-world examples demonstrate how to apply each technique in the field.



Scaling and Particulate Fouling in Membrane Filtration Systems

Scaling and Particulate Fouling in Membrane Filtration Systems Author S.F. Boerlage
ISBN-10 9058092429
Release 2001-01-01
Pages 258
Download Link Click Here

Reliable methods to predict membrane scaling and fouling are important tools in the control of these phenomena. This dissertation focuses on the development and application of methods to predict and prevent barium sulphate scaling and particulate fouling in membrane filtration systems.



Membrane Technology and Applications

Membrane Technology and Applications Author Richard W. Baker
ISBN-10 9781118359693
Release 2012-07-30
Pages 592
Download Link Click Here

“… the best handbook on membrane technology, which is currently on the market... ” –Membrane News (on the previous edition) Building on the success of the previous edition, Membrane Technology and Applications Third Edition provides a comprehensive overview of separation membranes, their manufacture and their applications. Beginning with a series of general chapters on membrane preparation, transport theory and concentration polarization, the book then surveys several major areas of membrane application in separate chapters. Written in a readily accessible style, each chapter covers its membrane subject thoroughly, from historical and theoretical backgrounds through to current and potential applications. Topics include reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, pervaporation, microfiltration, gas separation and coupled and facilitated transport; chapters on electrodialysis and medical applications round out the coverage. NEW TO THE THIRD EDITION New sections on the use of membranes in the chlor-alkali industry, membrane distillation, pressure retarded osmosis and constant flux-variable pressure ultrafiltration Zeolite and ceramic membranes, submerged membrane modules, and fuel cell membranes Substantially enhanced chapters on ultrafiltration, pervaporation and membrane contactors Updates to every chapter to reflect the developments in the field